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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444754/clinical-rating-systems-in-elbow-research-a-systematic-review-exploring-trends-and-distributions-of-use
#1
REVIEW
Jonathan P Evans, Chris D Smith, Nicola F Fine, Ian Porter, Jaheeda Gangannagaripalli, Victoria A Goodwin, Jose M Valderas
BACKGROUND: Clinical rating systems are used as outcome measures in clinical trials and attempt to gauge the patient's view of his or her own health. The choice of clinical rating system should be supported by its performance against established quality standards. METHODS: A search strategy was developed to identify all studies that reported the use of clinical rating systems in the elbow literature. The strategy was run from inception in Medline Embase and CINHAL...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438628/rotator-cuff-repair-in-adolescent-athletes
#2
Michael G Azzam, Jeffrey R Dugas, James R Andrews, Samuel R Goldstein, Benton A Emblom, E Lyle Cain
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are rare injuries in adolescents but cause significant morbidity if unrecognized. Previous literature on rotator cuff repairs in adolescents is limited to small case series, with few data to guide treatment. HYPOTHESIS: Adolescent patients would have excellent functional outcome scores and return to the same level of sports participation after rotator cuff repair but would have some difficulty with returning to overhead sports. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence 4...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424151/-treatment-of-humeral-shaft-fractures-in-children-with-closed-reduction-and-external-fixation
#3
Chao-Feng Zhao, Quan-Yang Gao, Tian-Jian Zhang, Lu-Li Han, Jun-Feng Zhao, Gang Chen, Yu Cui
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of closed reduction and minimally invasive treatment of humeral shaft fractures in children. METHODS: From July 2011 to April 2015, 39 cases of pediatric humeral shaft fractures were treated by closed reduction and external fixation, including 27 males and 12 females with a mean age of 8.6 years old ranging from 3 to 14 years old. Time from injury to the treatment was 2 h to 7 days with an average of 2.7 days. There were 6 cases of upper fracture, 21 cases of middle fracture and 12 cases of lower fracture...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415617/sagittal-band-reconstruction-in-the-index-finger-using-a-modified-elson-technique
#4
Nobuyuki Takahashi, Kousuke Iba, Megumi Hanaka, Yasuhiro Ozasa, Kohei Kanaya, Toshihiko Yamashita
PURPOSE: The Elson technique is a rigid reconstruction method for a hypoplastic or absent sagittal band in the treatment of chronic extensor digitorum communis (EDC) tendon dislocation. We performed a modified procedure based on the Elson technique for reconstruction of the radial sagittal band in case involving the index finger. We investigated the postoperative outcomes of chronic EDC dislocation after treatment with the original and modified Elson technique. METHODS: We examined five fingers of five patients (2 males and 3 females) with a mean age of 41 years...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414471/assessing-women-s-lacrosse-head-impacts-using-finite-element-modelling
#5
J Michio Clark, T Blaine Hoshizaki, Michael D Gilchrist
Recently studies have assessed the ability of helmets to reduce peak linear and rotational acceleration for women's lacrosse head impacts. However, such measures have had low correlation with injury. Maximum principal strain interprets loading curves which provide better injury prediction than peak linear and rotational acceleration, especially in compliant situations which create low magnitude accelerations but long impact durations. The purpose of this study was to assess head and helmet impacts in women's lacrosse using finite element modelling...
January 26, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404652/increased-injury-rates-after-the-restructure-of-germany-s-national-second-league-of-team-handball
#6
Patrick Luig, Werner Krutsch, Michael Nerlich, Thomas Henke, Christian Klein, Hendrik Bloch, Petra Platen, Leonard Achenbach
PURPOSE: Scientific injury data in men's professional team handball injuries are rare and even less scientific information exists on injury prevention. In 2011, Germany's national second team handball league was restructured by merging the existing two regional leagues into one league. This study evaluates the injury patterns in professional team handball and compares the injury rates between the first and second league before and after the restructure. METHODS: All players of Germany's national first and second men's team handball leagues have mandatory trauma insurance with the same insurance company...
February 5, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399456/repair-of-an-isolated-coracoid-fracture-with-suture-anchor-fixation
#7
Nicholas I Kennedy, Márcio B Ferrari, Jonathan A Godin, George Sanchez, Matthew T Provencher
Coracoid fractures are rare injuries, which may occur in isolation or in association with other shoulder pathology. The mechanism of trauma consists of a strong contraction of the conjoint tendon as a result of direct trauma. The diagnosis is usually difficult and many times overlooked, thereby requiring a high level of suspicion. In many cases, standard trauma series shoulder radiographs are unable to provide a definitive and reliable diagnosis. Therefore, other imaging modalities may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373291/proximal-long-head-biceps-rupture-a-predictor-of-rotator-cuff-pathology
#8
Marcin Kowalczuk, Kevin Kohut, Soheil Sabzevari, Jan-Hendrik Naendrup, Albert Lin
PURPOSE: To investigate whether acute rupture of the proximal long head biceps is a harbinger of disease of the nearby supraspinatus and subscapularis tendons. METHODS: A retrospective chart review from February 1, 2008, to August 31, 2016, was performed at our institution identifying patients who presented with an acute (<12-week) history of "Popeye" deformity of the distal biceps and a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the affected shoulder. MRI images were then reviewed in duplicate to determine supraspinatus and subscapularis tendon tear incidence, size, chronicity, and depth...
January 17, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367654/prevalence-of-upper-extremity-pain-in-a-population-of-people-with-paraplegia
#9
Y Kentar, R Zastrow, H Bradley, M Brunner, W Pepke, T Bruckner, P Raiss, A Hug, H Almansour, M Akbar
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, patterns, and predictors of musculoskeletal pain in the upper extremity joints among wheelchair-dependent individuals with post-traumatic paraplegia. Secondarily, to document most common reported causes of upper extremity pain. SETTING: Centre for Orthopaedics, Trauma Surgery and Spinal Cord Injury, Germany. METHODS: The study was done by means of a structured questionnaire, which was mailed to the individuals who had been treated between 1990 and 2007 for newly sustained or pre-existing, accident-related paraplegia (n = 670)...
January 24, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367172/the-pathology-of-torture
#10
Michael S Pollanen
Detainees may be subjected to torture and extra-judicial execution by State actors and terrorists. But, the pathology of torture has not been well-described. This is due to the lack of autopsies performed on victims of torture, mostly due to the disposal of the bodies of the victims by their torturers. On this basis, the cause of death of detainees subjected to torture is often a matter of speculation or remains obscure. This paper provides an overview of the pathology of torture based on the authour's experience with the autopsies of torture victims...
December 18, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354478/arthroscopic-triple-labral-repair-in-an-adolescent
#11
Eric J Cotter, Rachel M Frank, Scott W Trenhaile
Traumatic glenohumeral dislocations often result in significant injury to the anterior-inferior labrum, most commonly leading to recurrent anterior instability. While in skeletally immature patients, shoulder trauma more commonly results in fracture versus a true dislocation, shoulder instability does occur and can be difficult to manage in the setting of open physes. In any event, the goal of treatment is to reduce the risk of recurrence and allow full participation in activities, including sports. Arthroscopic stabilization has been shown to be an effective treatment option for young patients, with good return to sport rates; however, the vast majority of literature on shoulder instability in the youth patient population focuses on anterior instability...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354450/subpectoral-biceps-tenodesis-interference-screw-and-cortical-button-fixation
#12
Nicholas I Kennedy, Jonathan A Godin, Marcio B Ferrari, George Sanchez, Mark E Cinque, Zaamin B Hussain, Matthew T Provencher
Bicep tendon pathology often arises from chronic overuse injuries, acute trauma, or degenerative changes in the glenohumeral joint. These injuries can cause significant shoulder pain, and can greatly limit range of motion and, in turn, activities of daily living. The diagnosis of biceps pathologies can be challenging, because patients often present with nonspecific symptoms. Some bicep tendon pathologies may be treated nonoperatively; however, biceps tendon subluxation and the presence of rotator cuff or SLAP lesions require surgical management...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353316/validation-of-a-new-classification-for-periprosthetic-shoulder-fractures
#13
Chlodwig Kirchhoff, Marc Beirer, Ulrich Brunner, Arne Buchholz, Peter Biberthaler, Moritz Crönlein
INTRODUCTION: Successful treatment of periprosthetic shoulder fractures depends on the right strategy, starting with a well-structured classification of the fracture. Unfortunately, clinically relevant factors for treatment planning are missing in the pre-existing classifications. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to describe a new specific classification system for periprosthetic shoulder fractures including a structured treatment algorithm for this important fragility fracture issue...
January 20, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350640/scapular-fractures-a-common-diagnostic-pitfall
#14
Daniela Berritto, Antonio Pinto, Anna Russo, Fabrizio Urraro, Antonella Laporta, Maria Paola Belfiore, Roberto Grassi
Scapular fractures are one of the most difficult fractures to diagnose on radiographs. Detection can be challenging because of the obscuration by the overlying structures or incomplete imaging due to difficult patient collaboration. Familiarity with imaging characteristics of these abnormalities will allow radiologists to better diagnose and characterize scapular fractures. Three-dimensional computed tomographic scans are considered the gold standard for scapular diagnoses. Treatment strategies differ depending on the type of scapular fractures, but the site and degree of displacement will determine whether surgical intervention should be considered...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343900/direct-electrical-injury-to-brachial-plexus
#15
Maksud Mubarak Devale, Gaurav Jatin Kadakia, Vicky Ghewarchand Jain, Rohit Prakash Munot
Electrical current can cause neurological damage directly or by conversion to thermal energy. However, electrical injury causing isolated brachial plexus injury without cutaneous burns is extremely rare. We present a case of a 17-year-old boy who sustained accidental electrical injury to left upper extremity with no associated entry or exit wounds. Complete motor and sensory loss in upper limb were noted immediately after injury. Subsequently, the patient showed partial recovery in muscles around the shoulder and in ulnar nerve distribution at 6 months...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334971/the-titanium-elastic-nail-serves-as-an-alternative-treatment-for-adult-proximal-radial-shaft-fractures-a-cohort-study
#16
Ying-Cheng Huang, Jenn-Huei Renn, Yih-Wen Tarng
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether closed reduction and internal fixation (CRIF) with titanium elastic nails (TENs) is a viable alternative treatment in proximal radial fractures. METHODS: In Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, from November 2013 to April 2015, five adult male patients with forearm injuries (average age 43 years; range 35-64 years) were treated for proximal radial shaft fractures. CRIF with TENs for radial shaft fractures was performed in these five patients...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322889/outcomes-of-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-in-displaced-intra-articular-scapular-fractures-a-case-series
#17
M Zahid, E H Rashid, H Inam, A J Zubairi, N Baloch, P M Hashmi
Scapular fractures are rare injuries and usually occur due to high energy trauma. Displaced Intra articular fractures usually require operative treatment and yields better outcomes as compared to conservative management. To assess the functional and radiological outcomes of displaced intra-articular scapular fractures managed with open reduction and internal fixation. 12 patients were retrospectively reviewed and included in the study. Post-operative functional outcomes were assessed using mean quick DASH (Disability of arm, hand and shoulder) score while radiological outcomes were analyzed as percentage of implant cut-through, mal-union, non-union or infection...
March 2017: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310353/complex-pelvic-ring-injuries-associated-with-floating-knee-in-a-poly-trauma-patient-a-case-report
#18
Yuebin Zhou, Honggang Guo, Zhiwei Cai, Yuan Zhang
RATIONALE: Complex pelvic ring fracture associated with floating knee is comparatively rare which usually results from high-energy trauma including vehicle-related accidence, falls from height, and earthquake-related injury. To our knowledge, few literatures have documented such injuries in the individual patient. Management of both injuries present challenges for surgical management and postoperative care. The purpose of this study is to prove the feasibility and benefits of damage control orthopedics (DCO)...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303230/planned-birth-at-or-near-term-for-improving-health-outcomes-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-and-their-infants
#19
REVIEW
Linda M Biesty, Aoife M Egan, Fidelma Dunne, Eugene Dempsey, Pauline Meskell, Valerie Smith, G Meabh Ni Bhuinneain, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. Women with gestational diabetes are more likely to experience adverse health outcomes such as pre-eclampsia or polyhydramnios (excess amniotic fluid). Their babies are also more likely to have health complications such as macrosomia (birthweight > 4000 g) and being large-for-gestational age (birthweight above the 90th percentile for gestational age). Current clinical guidelines support elective birth, at or near term in women with gestational diabetes to minimise perinatal complications, especially those related to macrosomia...
January 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273012/a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-of-patients-presenting-to-an-emergency-department-with-acute-shoulder-trauma-the-manchester-emergency-shoulder-mesh-project
#20
Michael J Callaghan, Janos P Baombe, Dan Horner, Charles E Hutchinson, Dilraj Sandher, Simon Carley
BACKGROUND: Fracture and dislocation of the shoulder are usually identifiable through the use of plain radiographs in an emergency department. However, other significant soft tissue injuries can be missed at initial presentation. This study used contrast enhanced magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) to determine the pattern of underlying soft tissue injuries in patients with traumatic shoulder injury, loss of active range of motion, and normal plain radiography. METHODS: A prospective, observational cohort study...
December 22, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
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