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Cloth diaper

R Pijnacker, L Mughini-Gras, M Heusinkveld, J Roelfsema, W van Pelt, T Kortbeek
Giardia lamblia is a major cause of diarrhoea in children, especially those attending day-care centres (DCCs). Only Giardia assemblages A and B infect humans. Given the lack of assemblage-specific epidemiological data, we aimed to identify risk factors for infection by assemblages A and B in DCC attendees. During 2010-2013, 5,015 faecal samples from ≤4-year-old children attending 40 DCCs participating in laboratory surveillance in the Netherlands were tested for Giardia using RT-PCR. Giardia-positive samples were typed for identification of assemblages A and B...
September 6, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Swatee Dey, Dianna Kenneally, Mauricio Odio, Ioannis Hatzopoulos
A review of the literature on diapers and diaper rash reveals that many clinicians are unfamiliar with modern diaper construction and materials as well as diaper safety testing methods. Typical modern diapers do not contain ingredients of concern such as latex and disperse dyes, but use ingredients such as spandex and pigments with a favorable safety profile. Today's disposable diaper is a high performance product whose carefully designed layers and liners provide optimal urine and feces absorption and an ever more clothing-like and comfortable fit...
July 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
Katrina Kimport, J Parker Dockray, Shelly Dodson
OBJECTIVES: Twenty-nine states enable taxpayer funding to go to pregnancy resource centers (PRCs, often called crisis pregnancy centers), which are usually antiabortion organizations that aim to dissuade women from abortion. Some abortion rights advocates have called for the elimination of PRCs. However, we know little about why women visit PRCs. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed deidentified intake survey data from first-time clients to a secular, all-options PRC located in Indiana between July and December 2015 on their reason(s) for seeking services, material resources provided and content of any peer counseling...
August 2016: Contraception
Angela F Lukowski, Xicheng Liu, Patricio Peirano, Mauricio Odio, Patricia J Bauer
The emergence of consolidated nighttime sleep and the formation and maintenance of parent-infant relationships are 2 primary developmental achievements of the infancy period. Despite the development of a transactional model that links parenting behaviors to infant sleep, limited attention has been devoted to examining experimental manipulations of infant sleep that may impact the discrete parent-infant interactions that may form the foundation for emerging attachment relationships. In the present study, infants were randomly assigned to wear high-absorbency disposable diapers or to continue using traditional low-absorbency cloth diapers that necessitate frequent changes and associated disruptions of nighttime sleep...
June 2015: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
M Chowdary Babu, Baswaraj Tandur, Deepak Sharma, Srinivas Murki
OBJECTIVE: To study whether disposable diapers decrease the incidence of neonatal infections compared with cloth diapers in a level II neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHOD AND MATERIAL: All neonates admitted to the NICU and having duration of stay >48 h were enrolled. Those babies with signs and symptoms of infection were screened with septic screen and/or blood culture. RESULTS: The primary outcome of the study was incidence of probable sepsis...
August 2015: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
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