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Cloth diaper

Rita Ramos Pinheiro, Eugénia Matos-Pires, Juliana Baptista, André Lencastre
Granuloma gluteale infantum is a rare nodular complication of irritant diaper dermatitis. The association of this condition with the widespread use of nondisposable cloth diapers has been increasingly recognized. We present the case of an 18-month-old girl with granuloma gluteale infantum. Our aims are to emphasize the importance of clinical recognition of this re-emerging complication of diaper dermatitis and to point out the potential role of topical calcineurin inhibitors as a treatment option.
February 2018: Pediatrics
Katya Harfmann, Amy Y Chen, Patricia Witman
Irritant diaper dermatitis occurs at a higher frequency with cloth diaper use than disposable diapers. We present four cases of vesiculobullous, erosive diaper dermatitis occurring in older infants and toddlers with cloth diaper use that resolved completely after transitioning to disposable diapers. This is the first report of vesicles and bullae as a type of irritant diaper dermatitis.
September 21, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
Kara Shah
Over the past several years, a number of articles and online posts have circulated on the Internet associating use of disposable and cloth diapers with chemical burns on babies' skin. Because both mild chemical burns and diaper dermatitis (diaper rash) can cause skin redness and peeling, it is not surprising that some confusion has arisen regarding the association between these two conditions. However, diapers cannot cause chemical burns because they are made of inert materials. Diaper rash and chemical burns are distinct conditions that require different evaluation and treatment, which is why it is important for pediatricians to help parents understand the difference...
May 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
Pinky Meena, Aashima Dabas, Dheeraj Shah, Rajeev Kumar Malhotra, S V Madhu, Piyush Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the sunlight exposure in first 6 months to vitamin D status at 6 months of age in predominantly breastfed infants; and to quantify the sunlight exposure required to achieve serum 25(OH)D level >20 ng/mL, by 6 months of age. DESIGN: Design: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Tertiary-care hospital predominantly catering to urban poor population in Delhi. PARTICIPANTS: 132 healthy infants, delivered at term, and predominantly breastfed were enrolled at 6-8 weeks of age...
February 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
R Pijnacker, L Mughini-Gras, M Heusinkveld, J Roelfsema, W van Pelt, T Kortbeek
Giardia lamblia is a major cause of diarrhoea in children, especially those attending day-care centres (DCCs). Only Giardia assemblages A and B infect humans. Given the lack of assemblage-specific epidemiological data, we aimed to identify risk factors for infection by assemblages A and B in DCC attendees. During 2010-2013, 5,015 faecal samples from ≤4-year-old children attending 40 DCCs participating in laboratory surveillance in the Netherlands were tested for Giardia using RT-PCR. Giardia-positive samples were typed for identification of assemblages A and B...
December 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Swatee Dey, Dianna Kenneally, Mauricio Odio, Ioannis Hatzopoulos
A review of the literature on diapers and diaper rash reveals that many clinicians are unfamiliar with modern diaper construction and materials as well as diaper safety testing methods. Typical modern diapers do not contain ingredients of concern such as latex and disperse dyes, but use ingredients such as spandex and pigments with a favorable safety profile. Today's disposable diaper is a high performance product whose carefully designed layers and liners provide optimal urine and feces absorption and an ever more clothing-like and comfortable fit...
July 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
Katrina Kimport, J Parker Dockray, Shelly Dodson
OBJECTIVES: Twenty-nine states enable taxpayer funding to go to pregnancy resource centers (PRCs, often called crisis pregnancy centers), which are usually antiabortion organizations that aim to dissuade women from abortion. Some abortion rights advocates have called for the elimination of PRCs. However, we know little about why women visit PRCs. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed deidentified intake survey data from first-time clients to a secular, all-options PRC located in Indiana between July and December 2015 on their reason(s) for seeking services, material resources provided and content of any peer counseling...
August 2016: Contraception
Angela F Lukowski, Xicheng Liu, Patricio Peirano, Mauricio Odio, Patricia J Bauer
The emergence of consolidated nighttime sleep and the formation and maintenance of parent-infant relationships are 2 primary developmental achievements of the infancy period. Despite the development of a transactional model that links parenting behaviors to infant sleep, limited attention has been devoted to examining experimental manipulations of infant sleep that may impact the discrete parent-infant interactions that may form the foundation for emerging attachment relationships. In the present study, infants were randomly assigned to wear high-absorbency disposable diapers or to continue using traditional low-absorbency cloth diapers that necessitate frequent changes and associated disruptions of nighttime sleep...
June 2015: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
M Chowdary Babu, Baswaraj Tandur, Deepak Sharma, Srinivas Murki
OBJECTIVE: To study whether disposable diapers decrease the incidence of neonatal infections compared with cloth diapers in a level II neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHOD AND MATERIAL: All neonates admitted to the NICU and having duration of stay >48 h were enrolled. Those babies with signs and symptoms of infection were screened with septic screen and/or blood culture. RESULTS: The primary outcome of the study was incidence of probable sepsis...
August 2015: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
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