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Polyacrylic acid

Kenta Morita, Serika Miyazaki, Chiya Numako, Shinya Ikeno, Ryohei Sasaki, Yuya Nishimura, Chiaki Ogino, Akihiko Kondo
An induction of polyacrylic acid-modified titanium dioxide with hydrogen peroxide nanoparticles (PAA-TiO2/H2O2 NPs) to a tumor exerted a therapeutic enhancement of X-ray irradiation in our previous study. To understand the mechanism of the radiosensitizing effect of PAA-TiO2/H2O2 NPs, analytical observations that included DLS, FE-SEM, FT-IR, XAFS, and Raman spectrometry were performed. In addition, highly reactive oxygen species (hROS) which PAA-TiO2/H2O2 NPs produced with X-ray irradiation were quantified by using a chemiluminescence method and a EPR spin-trapping method...
October 25, 2016: Free Radical Research
Alexandre Cestari
INTRODUCTION: Amorphous aluminosilicates glasses containing fluorine, phosphorus and calcium are used as a component of the glass ionomer dental cement. This cement is used as a restorative, basis or filling material, but presents lower mechanical resistance than resin-modified materials. The Sol-Gel method is a possible route for preparation of glasses with lower temperature and energy consumption, with higher homogeneity and with uniform and nanometric particles, compared to the industrial methods Glass ionomer cements with uniform, homogeneous and nanometric particles can present higher mechanical resistance than commercial ionomers...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Sahadevan Rajesh, Yong Zhao, Hao Fong, Todd J Menkhaus
Nanofiltration membranes were prepared by forming multilayers of branched polyethylenimine (BPEI) and polyacrylic acid (PAA) on a polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibrous mat by layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly. The degree of ionization (DI) of PAA, estimated using FTIR spectra both in the absence and presence of added salt, was shown to have a strong influence on the BPEI/PAA film growth. BPEI/PAA multilayers grew exponentially when the DI of PAA was less than 30%, or when the pH of PAA during LbL formation was less than 3...
October 21, 2016: Nanoscale
Nicole Cathcart, Neil Coombs, Ilya Gourevich, Vladimir Kitaev
In this work, we use silver decahedral nanoparticle (AgDeNP) seeds to synthesize pentagonal silver stars (AgStDeNPs) and study the sensing properties of these nanoparticles. The regrowth process of AgStDeNPs is kinetically-controlled, so the purity of the seed NPs is critical to avoid secondary deposition in the highly non-equilibrium reduction. To control the regrowth process, surface blocking with sodium polyacrylate (PANa) was implemented. PANa moderates rough silver nanostructures typically obtained by reduction with ascorbic acid...
October 21, 2016: Nanoscale
Zhi Zhao, Nasser Hamdan, Li Shen, Hanqing Nan, Abdullah Almajed, Edward Kavazanjian, Ximin He
We have developed a novel method to synthesize a hyper-branched bio-mimetic hydrogel network across a soil matrix to improve the mechanical strength of the loose soil and simultaneously mitigate potential contamination due to a harmful by-product. This method successfully yielded a hierarchical structure that possesses the water retention, ion absorption, and soil aggregation capabilities of plant root systems in a chemically controllable manner. Inspired by the robust organic-inorganic composites found in many living organisms, we have combined this hydrogel network with a calcite biomineralization process to stabilize soil...
October 20, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Hiroya Tauchi, Yasumoto Sakai, Noriyuki Okawa, Hanifa Faozia, Genki Mizuguchi, Takashi Yasui, Kazutake Takada, Akio Yuchi
The interactions of polyacrylates (PAs with mean molecular weight of 4.5, 25, and 250 kDa; Na(+),pa(-)) with anion exchange resins in the Br(-) form (AXRs; -R(+),Br(-)) were studied under practical conditions by reaction stoichiometry and spectroscopy. The stoichiometric or an excess amount of PA(4.5 kDa) completely replaced Br- in the AXRs of the cross-linking degree of 2 or 8%, respectively, to give (-R(+),pa(-)), due to enhancement in selectivity of carboxylate group by multiple interactions. In contrast, PA(250 kDa) exchanged Br(-) only on the surface of AXRs and did not penetrate into the resins; CO2 was involved in the system to induce exchange with CO3(2-)...
2016: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Brennan Campbell, Robert Ionescu, Maxwell Tolchin, Kazi Ahmed, Zachary Favors, Krassimir N Bozhilov, Cengiz S Ozkan, Mihrimah Ozkan
Silicon is produced in a variety of ways as an ultra-high capacity lithium-ion battery (LIB) anode material. The traditional carbothermic reduction process required is expensive and energy-intensive; in this work, we use an efficient magnesiothermic reduction to convert the silica-based frustules within diatomaceous earth (diatomite, DE) to nanosilicon (nanoSi) for use as LIB anodes. Polyacrylic acid (PAA) was used as a binder for the DE-based nanoSi anodes for the first time, being attributed for the high silicon utilization under high current densities (up to 4C)...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sanja Jurišić, Gordan Jurišić, Hrvoje Jurić
AIM: The objective of present study was to examine influence of adhesives and methods of enamel pretreatment on the shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic brackets. The adhesives used were resin-reinforced glass ionomer cements-GIC (Fuji Ortho LC) and composite resin (Transbond XT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The experimental sample consisted of 80 extracted human first premolars. The sample was divided into four equal groups, and the metal brackets were bonded with different enamel pretreatments by using two adhesives: group A-10% polyacrylic acid; Fuji Ortho LC, group B-37% phosphoric acid; Fuji Ortho LC, group C-self etching primer; Transbond XT, group D-37% phosphoric acid, primer; Transbond XT...
December 2015: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Huiju Wang, Wenlan Song, Min Zhang, Qi Zhen, Mei Guo, Yida Zhang, Xinzhen Du
A novel titanium and nickel oxide composite nanosheets (TiO2/NiOCNSs) coating was in situ grown on a Nitinol (NiTi) wire by direct hydrothermal treatment and modified by self-assembly of trichlorophenylsilane for solid phase microextraction (SPME). TiO2/NiOCNSs were radially oriented and chemically bonded to the NiTi substrate with double-faced open access sites. Moreover the phenyl modified TiO2/NiOCNSs (TiO2/NiOCNSs-Ph) coating exhibited original surface supporting framework favorable for effective SPME. The extraction performance of TiO2/NiOCNSs-Ph coated NiTi (NiTi-TiO2/NiOCNSs-Ph) fiber was investigated for the concentration and detection of ultraviolet (UV) filters, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), phthalate acid esters and polychlorinated biphenyls coupled to HPLC with UV detection...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Naoki Nitta, Danni Lei, Hong-Ryun Jung, Daniel Gordon, Enbo Zhao, Garrett Gresham, Jeremy Cai, Igor Luzinov, Gleb Yushin
Phosphorus (P) is an abundant element that exhibits one of the highest gravimetric and volumetric capacities for Li storage, making it a potentially attractive anode material for high capacity Li-ion batteries. However, while phosphorus carbon composite anodes have been previously explored, the influence of the inactive materials on electrode cycle performance is still poorly understood. Here, we report and explain the significant impacts of polymer binder chemistry, carbon conductive additives, and an under-layer between the Al current collector and ball milled P electrodes on cell stability...
October 5, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Miranda N Hurst, Robert K DeLong
Two dimensional fluorescence difference spectroscopy (2D FDS) detects nanoparticle interactions following surface functionalization and biomolecule loading by generating a spectral signature of the fluorescent intensity per excitation and emission wavelengths. Comparing metal oxide nanoparticles revealed a unique spectral signature per material composition. 2D FDS showed to be sensitive to changes in surface properties between ZnO NPs synthesized by different methods. ZnO NP loaded with glycol chitosan, polyacrylic acid (PAA), or methoxy polyethylene glycol (mPEG) exhibited a distinct spectral signature shift...
2016: Scientific Reports
Ashley R Johnson, Cassie L Caudill, John R Tumbleston, Cameron J Bloomquist, Katherine A Moga, Alexander Ermoshkin, David Shirvanyants, Sue J Mecham, J Christopher Luft, Joseph M DeSimone
Microneedles, arrays of micron-sized needles that painlessly puncture the skin, enable transdermal delivery of medications that are difficult to deliver using more traditional routes. Many important design parameters, such as microneedle size, shape, spacing, and composition, are known to influence efficacy, but are notoriously difficult to alter due to the complex nature of microfabrication techniques. Herein, we utilize a novel additive manufacturing ("3D printing") technique called Continuous Liquid Interface Production (CLIP) to rapidly prototype sharp microneedles with tuneable geometries (size, shape, aspect ratio, spacing)...
2016: PloS One
Stanislaw Warchol, Grazyna Krzemien, Agnieszka Szmigielska, Przemyslaw Bombinski, Michal Brzewski, Teresa Dudek-Warchol
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children offers minimally invasive management and is widely used as a first-line procedure for all grades of reflux. However, there is debate about which tissue-augmenting substance is the best to use. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of two bulking substances, Deflux (Dx/HA) and Vantris (PPC), for endoscopic treatment of VUR in children. METHODS: From 2009 to 2012, 65 children (50 girls and 15 boys) aged 1...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Rui Xu, Qianqian Feng, Yang He, Fanyong Yan, Li Chen, Yiping Zhao
The present work aims to improve the antifouling properties and anticoagulation of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membrane by dual modification. An amphiphilic copolymer of PVDF-g- (polyacryloylmorpholine-(polyacrylic acid)) (PVDF-g-(PACMO-PAA)) was first prepared by the free radical copolymerization. Then argatroban, a commonly used anticoagulant, was successfully grafted to PVDF-g-(PACMO-PAA). Finally the obtained copolymer was casted into a flat membrane via immersion phase inversion. The as-prepared copolymer membranes show improved hydrophilicity, higher water flux and lower protein adsorption...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Joo-Bin Hong, Vijayalakshmi Dhakshnamoorthy, Chang-Ro Lee
The sco0765 gene was annotated as a glycosyl hydrolase family 5 endoglucanase from the genomic sequence of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) and consisted of 2,241 bp encoding a polypeptide of 747 amino acids (molecular weight of 80.5 kDa) with a 29-amino acid signal peptide for secretion. The SCO0765 recombinant protein was heterogeneously over-expressed in Streptomyces lividans TK24 under the control of a strong ermE* promoter. The purified SCO0765 protein showed the expected molecular weight of the mature form (718 aa, 77...
September 2016: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Maria A Torres Arango, Alana S Valença de Andrade, Domenic T Cipollone, Lynnora O Grant, Dimitris Korakakis, Konstantinos A Sierros
TiO2 is an important material widely used in optoelectronic devices due to its semiconducting and photocatalytic properties, nontoxicity, and chemically inert nature. Some indicative applications include water purification systems and energy harvesting. The use of solution, water-based inks for the direct writing of TiO2 on flexible substrates is of paramount importance since it enables low-cost and low-energy intensive large-area manufacturing, compatible with roll-to-roll processing. In this work we study the effect of crystalline TiO2 and polymer addition on the rheological and direct writing properties of Ti-organic/TiO2 inks...
September 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sourbh Thakur, Sadanand Pandey, Omotayo A Arotiba
Batch adsorption experiments were carried out for the removal of methylene blue (MB) cationic dye from aqueous solution using organic/inorganic hydrogel nanocomposite of titania incorporated sodium alginate crosslinked polyacrylic acid (SA-cl-poly(AA)-TiO2). The hydrogel was prepared by graft copolymerization of acrylic acid (AA) onto sodium alginate (SA) biopolymer in the presence of a crosslinking agent, a free radical initiator and TiO2 nanoparticles. The hydrogel exhibited a high swelling capacity of 412...
November 20, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Taciana Marco Caneppele, Eduardo Bresciani, Daniele Mara Da Silva Ávila, Daphne Camara Barcellos, Cesar Rogério Pucci
This study evaluated the influence of liner agents placed under resin composite restorations on shear bond strength (SBS) to dentin. A total of 40 extracted bovine incisors were used. Enamel surfaces were ground to expose a flat dentin area of 7 mm in diameter. Teeth were divided into four groups according to tested liners: Group 1 (control) used no liner; Group 2 used a resin-modified glass-ionomer cement liner (Vitrebond Plus, 3M ESPE); Group 3 used a light-activated calcium hydroxide resin liner (Ultra-Blend Plus, Ultradent); and Group 4 used a polyacrylic acid surface treatment + conventional glass-ionomer cement liner (Vidrion F, SSWhite)...
August 24, 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Kehua Lin, Yuanqing Gu, Huan Zhang, Zhe Qiang, Bryan D Vogt, Nicole S Zacharia
Chemical cross-linking of layer-by-layer assembled films promotes mechanical stability and robustness in a wide variety of environments, which can be a challenge for polyelectrolyte multilayers in saline environments or for multilayers made from weak polyelectrolytes in environments with extreme pHs. Heating branched poly(ethylenimine)/poly(acrylic acid) (BPEI/PAA) multilayers at sufficiently high temperatures drives amidization and dehydration to covalently cross-link the film, but this reaction is rather slow, typically requiring heating for hours for appreciable cross-linking to occur...
September 13, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Hongxia Guo, Yiwen Ma, Zhenping Qin, Zhaoxiang Gu, Suping Cui, Guojun Zhang
The hierarchical-structured superhydrophilic poly(ethylenimine)/poly(acrylic acid) (PEI/PAA)calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) multilayered membranes (PEI/PAA-CSH)n were prepared as aqueous nanofiltration (NF) membrane, and then they were transformed into superhydrophobic organic solvent nanofiltration (OSN) membranes by one-step modification of trimethylperfluorinatedsilane (PFTS). Investigation on surface structures and properties of these multilayered membranes (PEI/PAA-CSH)n indicated that the hierarchical-structured (PEI/PAA-CSH)n multilayered membrane produced by in situ incorporation of CSH aggregates into PEI/PAA multilayers facilitated its one-step transformation from superhydrophilicity into superhydrophobicity...
September 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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