keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Polyacrylic acid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334219/mussel-inspired-conductive-polymer-binder-for-si-alloy-anode-in-lithium-ion-batteries
#1
Hui Zhao, Yang Wei, Cheng Wang, Rui-Min Qiao, Wanli Yang, Phillip B Messersmith, Gao Liu
The excessive volume changes during cell cycling of Si-based anode in lithium ion batteries impeded its application. One major reason for the cell failure is particle isolation during volume shrinkage in delithiation process, which makes strong adhesion between polymer binder and anode active material particles a highly desirable property. Here, a biomimetic side-chain conductive polymer incorporating catechol, a key adhesive component of the mussel holdfast protein, was synthesized. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) based single molecule force measurements of mussel-inspired conductive polymer binder contacting a silica surface revealed similar adhesion toward substrate when compared with an effective Si anode binder, homo-polyacrylic acid (PAA), with the added benefit of being electronically conductive...
January 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326512/evaluating-the-effect-of-different-conditioning-agents-on-the-shear-bond-strength-of-resin-modified-glass-ionomers
#2
Namith Rai, Rajaram Naik, Ravi Gupta, Shobana Shetty, Amith Singh
Aim of the Study: This study aims to evaluate the effects three different conditioning agents on the shear bond strength of resin-modified glass ionomers to human dentin. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty recently extracted, caries-free premolars and molars will be cleaned of debris and disinfected in a 0.5% solution of sodium hypochlorite and sterile water for 30 min. The occlusal surface of each tooth will be reduced using conventional model trimmer with water to produce the dentin surface...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316506/expansion-microscopy-development-and-neuroscience-applications
#3
REVIEW
Emmanouil D Karagiannis, Edward S Boyden
Many neuroscience questions center around understanding how the molecules and wiring in neural circuits mechanistically yield behavioral functions, or go awry in disease states. However, mapping the molecules and wiring of neurons across the large scales of neural circuits has posed a great challenge. We recently developed expansion microscopy (ExM), a process in which we physically magnify biological specimens such as brain circuits. We synthesize throughout preserved brain specimens a dense, even mesh of a swellable polymer such as sodium polyacrylate, anchoring key biomolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids to the polymer...
January 6, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300301/identification-and-antithrombotic-activity-of-peptides-from-blue-mussel-mytilus-edulis-protein
#4
Meiling Qiao, Maolin Tu, Zhenyu Wang, Fengjiao Mao, Hui Chen, Lei Qin, Ming Du
The blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) reportedly contains many bioactive components of nutritional value. Water-, salt- and acid-soluble M. edulis protein fractions were obtained and the proteins were trypsinized. The resultant peptides were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). 387 unique peptides were identified that matched 81 precursor proteins. Molecular mass distributions of the proteins and peptides were analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacryl amide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE)...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297674/core-shell-composite-fibers-for-high-performance-flexible-supercapacitor-electrodes
#5
Xiaoyan Lu, Chen Shen, Zeyang Zhang, Elizabeth Barrios, Lei Zhai
Core-shell nanofibers containing polyacrylic acid (PAA) and manganese oxide nanoparticles as the core and polypyrrole (PPy) as the shell were fabricated through electrospining the solution of PAA and manganese ions (PAA/Mn2+). The obtained nanofibers were stabilized by Fe3+ through the interaction between Fe3+ ions and carboxylate groups. Subsequent oxidation of Mn2+ by KMnO4 produced uniform MnO2 nanoparticles in the fibers. A PPy shell was created on the fibers by immersing the fibers in a pyrrole solution where Fe3+ ions in the fiber polymerized pyrrole on the fiber surfaces...
January 3, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274696/evaluation-of-dermal-adhesive-formulations-for-topical-application
#6
Flavia Laffleur, Andreas Bernkop-Schnürch
Topical delivery is one of the main challenges in the pharmaceutical technology. This study aimed to synthesize a potential adhesive polymeric excipient stable enough for pronounced skin adhesiveness to pave the skin delivery pathway. Polyacrylic acid an anionic well established polymer in the pharmaceutical field was chemically modified with sulfhydryl moieties and in a second step, this sulfhydryl bearing polymer was prone to a preactivation process. During this process, mercaptonicotinic acid was covalently bound to the sulfhydryl groups of polyacrylic acid...
December 21, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241114/understanding-the-impact-of-cationic-polyacrylamide-on-anaerobic-digestion-of-waste-activated-sludge
#7
Dongbo Wang, Xuran Liu, Guangming Zeng, Jianwei Zhao, Yiwen Liu, Qilin Wang, Fei Chen, Xiaoming Li, Qi Yang
Previous investigations showed that cationic polyacrylamide (cPAM), a flocculant widely used in wastewater pretreatment and waste activated sludge dewatering, deteriorated methane production during anaerobic digestion of sludge. However, details of how cPAM affects methane production are poorly understood, hindering deep control of sludge anaerobic digestion systems. In this study, the mechanisms of cPAM affecting sludge anaerobic digestion were investigated in batch and long-term tests using either real sludge or synthetic wastewaters as the digestion substrates...
December 5, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239079/smart-solid-electrolyte-interphase-layer-for-long-life-lithium-metal-anodes
#8
Nian-Wu Li, Yang Shi, Ya-Xia Yin, Xian-Xiang Zeng, Jin-Yi Li, Cong-Ju Li, Li-Jun Wan, Rui Wen, Yu-Guo Guo
Lithium (Li) metal is a promising anode material for high-energy density batteries. However, the unstable and static solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) can be destroyed by the dynamic Li plating/stripping behavior on the Li anode surface, leading to side reactions and Li dendrites growth. Herein, we design a smart Li polyacrylic acid (LiPAA) SEI layer with high stretchability to address the dynamic Li plating/stripping processes by the self-adapting interface regulation, which is demonstrated by in situ AFM process...
December 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212330/gastric-mucus-and-mucuslike-hydrogels-thin-film-lubricating-properties-at-soft-interfaces
#9
Troels Røn, Navin J Patil, Fatemeh Ajalloueian, Sankaranarayanan Rishikesan, Bruno Zappone, Ioannis S Chronakis, Seunghwan Lee
Mucus is a viscous slime that plays a vital role in protecting and lubricating biological tissues, in particular, soft epithelium interfaces such as in the stomach, intestines, and esophagus. Previous attempts to generate mucus models that mimick or simulate its characteristics have been predominantly focused on the rheological properties. This study investigates both rheological and tribological shear properties of thin films of gastric mucus from a porcine source and its mimics at compliant soft interfaces...
December 5, 2017: Biointerphases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211472/tuning-the-viscoelastic-gel-transition-of-single-wall-carbon-nanotubes-embedded-in-ph-responsive-polyelectrolyte-solutions
#10
Atiđa Selmani, Antonio Tavera-Vazquez, Cristina Garza, Rolando C Castillo
We present the detailed rheological changes that occur when small quantities of single-wall carbon nanotubes are dispersed in a polyacrylic acid water solution, around the overlap polymer concentration, up to the gel point. Here, pH is used to tune the gel formation. Suspensions of nanotubes at pH ≤ 5 are exfoliated and dispersed by the polymer. Contacts between the nanotubes are mainly through polymer entangling, and the suspension is viscoelastic. At pH > 5, the polymer is charged, and the solution is not so good solvent for the nanotubes anymore...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183857/understanding-the-generation-and-maintenance-of-supersaturation-during-the-dissolution-of-amorphous-solid-dispersions-using-modulated-dsc-and-1h-nmr
#11
Shrawan Baghel, Helen Cathcart, Niall J O'Reilly
In this study, the dissolution behaviour of dipyridamole (DPM) and cinnarizine (CNZ) spray-dried amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) using polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) and polyacrylic acid (PAA) as a carrier matrix were evaluated and compared. The drug concentrations achieved from the dissolution of PVP and PAA solid dispersions were significantly greater than the equilibrium solubility of crystalline DPM and CNZ in phosphate buffer pH 6.8 (PBS 6.8). The maximum drug concentration achieved by dissolution of PVP and PAA solid dispersions did not exceed the theoretically calculated apparent solubility of amorphous DPM and CNZ...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180764/synthesis-and-implication-of-novel-poly-acrylic-acid-nanosorbent-embedded-hydrogel-composite-for-lead-ion-removal
#12
Mayuri Bhatia, Satish Babu Rajulapati, Shirish Sonawane, Amandeep Girdhar
Lead stands second among the deadly heavy metal pollutants owing to the incompetent mechanism possessed by the human body for its removal. A polymeric hydrogel in the form of composite was prepared using acrylic acid (monomer) and novel nanofiller that possess super adsorbent properties with restricted gel seepage into flowing ionic liquid. The filler used is an adsorbent which is biocompatible, biodegradable, economical, abundant, non-hazardous and easy to synthesize. The invariably porous nanofiller, the Nanobentonite(clay), was synthesized using ion exchange reaction by creating acidic environment for accelerated dispersion with exfoliation by CTAB to enhance cation exchange capacity...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179089/on-the-rheology-of-mixed-systems-of-hydrophobically-modified-polyacrylate-microgels-and-surfactants-role-of-the-surfactant-architecture
#13
Luís Alves, Björn Lindman, Björn Klotz, Axel Böttcher, Hans-Martin Haake, Filipe E Antunes
HYPOTHESIS: The rheological control of suspensions is of key interest in the formulation design. A chemically cross-linked hydrophobically modified poly(acrylic acid) (HMCL-PAA), used as rheology modifier, is pH sensitive and shows swelling behavior above a critical pH due to the ionization of the acrylic acid groups. At low pH, HMCL-PAA suspensions are liquid and turbid. The binding of surfactants to HMCL-PAA, at low pH conditions, can result in significant changes on rheology and transparency of the polymeric suspensions, due to the swelling of the microgel particles...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174649/from-fly-ash-waste-slurry-to-functional-adsorbent-for-valuable-rare-earth-ion-separation-an-ingenious-combination-process-involving-modification-dewatering-and-grafting
#14
Qi Zhou, Tiantian Luo, Heng Yang, Cheng Liang, Luru Jing, Wenjun Luo
Acid extracting aluminum from fly ash would produce pestilent secondary fly ash slurry with strong acidity, high content of Cl- and residual Al3+ that is difficult to be further used. In order to achieve the zero emission, a potential integrated treatment process for reutilization was proposed in this paper. By intelligent use of residual Al3+ in sludge as catalyst, hydrophobic modification of solid particle was taken with fatty acid via a heterogeneous esterification at normal temperature. Due to the solvophobic force, moisture content of its filter cake was 36...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162884/copolymers-enhance-selective-bacterial-community-colonization-for-potential-root-zone-applications
#15
Vy T H Pham, Pandiyan Murugaraj, Falko Mathes, Boon K Tan, Vi Khanh Truong, Daniel V Murphy, David E Mainwaring
Managing the impact of anthropogenic and climate induced stress on plant growth remains a challenge. Here we show that polymeric hydrogels, which maintain their hydrous state, can be designed to exploit functional interactions with soil microorganisms. This microbial enhancement may mitigate biotic and abiotic stresses limiting productivity. The presence of mannan chains within synthetic polyacrylic acid (PAA) enhanced the dynamics and selectivity of bacterial ingress in model microbial systems and soil microcosms...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161509/variation-in-the-supersaturation-and-phase-behavior-of-ezetimibe-amorphous-solid-dispersions-upon-dissolution-in-different-biorelevant-media
#16
Ahmed Elkhabaz, Sreya Sarkar, Janny K Dinh, Garth J Simpson, Lynne S Taylor
The delivery of poorly water-soluble drugs using amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) has been widely acknowledged as a promising strategy for enhancing oral bioavailability. Upon dissolution, ASDs have accelerated dissolution rates and yield supersaturated solutions leading to higher apparent solubilities. Understanding the complex phase behavior of ASDs during dissolution is crucial for developing an effective formulation. Since the absorption of a lipophilic, high permeability drug is determined primarily by the intraluminal dissolution process and the final concentration achieved, there is a need for evaluation in biorelevant dissolution media that simulate both fasting and fed gastrointestinal states...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156307/gum-xanthan-psyllium-cl-poly-acrylic-acid-co-itaconic-acid-based-adsorbent-for-effective-removal-of-cationic-and-anionic-dyes-adsorption-isotherms-kinetics-and-thermodynamic-studies
#17
Sukriti Chaudhary, Jitender Sharma, Balbir S Kaith, Satender Yadav, Ashish Kumar Sharma, Aayushi Goel
The present work highlights the synthesis of the adsorbent based on Gum xanthan-psyllium hybrid backbone graft co-polymerized with polyacrylic acid-co-polyitaconic acid chains for the rapid sequestration of auramine-O (Aur-O) and eriochrome black-T (EBT) dyes from the aqueous fluid. The excellent dye removal efficiency of 90.53% for EBT and 95.63% for Aur-O was found at initial dye concentration of 30mgL(-1) (EBT) and 15 mgL(-1) (Aur-O) 40mL(-1) with an adsorbent dose of 600mg within time duration of 5h and 323K temp...
November 17, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155787/synthesis-of-core-shell-lanthanide-doped-upconversion-nanocrystals-for-cellular-applications
#18
Xiangzhao Ai, Linna Lyu, Jing Mu, Ming Hu, Zhimin Wang, Bengang Xing
Lanthanide-doped upconversion nanocrystals (UCNs) have attracted much attention in recent years based on their promising and controllable optical properties, which allow for the absorption of near-infrared (NIR) light and can subsequently convert it into multiplexed emissions that span over a broad range of regions from the UV to the visible to the NIR. This article presents detailed experimental procedures for high-temperature co-precipitation synthesis of core-shell UCNs that incorporate different lanthanide ions into nanocrystals for efficiently converting deep-tissue penetrable NIR excitation (808 nm) into a strong blue emission at 480 nm...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148694/ambient-aqueous-synthesis-of-ultrasmall-ni0-85se-nanoparticles-for-non-invasive-photoacoustic-imaging-and-combined-photothermal-chemo-therapy-of-cancer
#19
Xianwen Wang, Fei Li, Xu Yan, Yan Ma, Zhaohua Miao, Liang Dong, Huajian Chen, Yang Lu, Zhengbao Zha
Big size induced long-term retention in the body has hampered the translational applications of many reported nanomedicine. Herein, we reported a multifunctional theranostic agent composed of ultrasmall polyacrylic acid functionalized Ni0.85Se nanoparticles (PAA-Ni0.85Se NPs), which were successfully obtained through a facile ambient aqueous precipitation strategy. Without exhibiting any noticeable toxicity, the as-prepared PAA-Ni0.85Se NPs (average diameter of 6.40 ± 1.89 nm) showed a considerable absorption in near-infrared (NIR) region and high photothermal conversion efficiency (PTCE) of 54...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142881/smear-layer-removal-by-different-chemical-solutions-used-with-or-without-ultrasonic-activation-after-post-preparation
#20
Daniel Poletto, Ana Claudia Poletto, Andressa Cavalaro, Ricardo Machado, Leopoldo Cosme-Silva, Cássia Cilene Dezan Garbelini, Márcio Grama Hoeppner
Objectives: This study evaluated smear layer removal by different chemical solutions used with or without ultrasonic activation after post preparation. Materials and Methods: Forty-five extracted uniradicular human mandibular premolars with single canals were treated endodontically. The cervical and middle thirds of the fillings were then removed, and the specimens were divided into 9 groups: G1, saline solution (NaCl); G2, 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); G3, 2% chlorhexidine (CHX); G4, 11...
November 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
keyword
keyword
39902
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"