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Sodium Polyacrylate

Omkar V Zore, Rajeswari M Kasi, Challa V Kumar
Synthesis and characterization of highly stable and functional bienzyme-polymer triads assembled on layered graphene oxide (GO) are described here. Glucose oxidase (GOx) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) were used as model enzymes and polyacrylic acid (PAA) as model polymer to armor the enzymes. PAA-armored GOx and HRP covalent conjugates were further protected from denaturation by adsorption onto GO nanosheets. Structure and morphology of this enzyme-polymer-nanosheet hybrid biocatalyst (GOx-HRP-PAA/GO) were confirmed by agarose gel electrophoresis, zeta potential, circular dichroism, and transmission electron microscopy...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
Xin Li, Jan De Munck, Kumiko Yoshihara, Mariano Pedano, Kirsten Van Landuyt, Zhi Chen, Bart Van Meerbeek
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the re-mineralization potential of an experimental zirconium oxide (ZrO2) containing tricalcium silicate (TCS) cement, TCS 50, with the incorporation of biomimetic analogs at demineralized dentin. METHODS: Class-I cavities were prepared in non- carious human third molars. The dentin cavities were demineralized using a pH-cycling protocol, involving 50 cyclic immersions in pH-4.8 and pH-7 baths for 0.5h and 2.5h, successively. The cavities were filled with TCS 50 with/without biomimetic analogs (3% polyacrylic acid, 8% sodium trimetaphosphate) being added to the mixed TCS 50 cement prior to application...
March 5, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Adrián Gutiérrez-Serpa, Priscilla Rocío-Bautista, Verónica Pino, Francisco Jiménez-Moreno, Ana I Jiménez-Abizanda
The use of solid-phase microextraction coatings based on gold nanoparticles was investigated, focusing the attention on the preparation of nanoparticles with nonclassical reduction agents of HAuCl4 such as gallic acid and H2 O2 , rather than the conventional sodium citrate. All nanoparticles were characterized by diode array spectroscopy, whereas novel nanoparticles prepared with gallic acid and H2 O2 were also characterized by microscopic techniques. Solid-phase microextraction coatings were prepared with a layer-by-layer approach...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
Rintaro Takahashi, Theyencheri Narayanan, Takahiro Sato
We have monitored the kinetic process of polyelectrolyte complex formation between sodium polyacrylate (SPA) and polyallylamine hydrochrolide (PAH) in aqueous NaCl solution by time-resolved ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering (TR-USAXS) combined with rapid mixing. SPA and PAH with different NaCl concentrations from 0 to 1 M were rapidly mixed in equimolar concentration of the monomer units using a stopped-flow apparatus with a dead time of about 2.5 ms. Within the dead time, percolated aggregate-like structures were observed suggesting that the initially formed small charge neutral aggregates further assembled to form higher order agglomerates...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Qin Huang, Jing Xie, Yanpeng Liu, Anna Zhou, Jianshu Li
The fibrillation of protein is harmful and impedes the use of protein drugs. It also relates to various debilitating diseases such as Alzheimer's diseases. Thus, investigating the protein fibrillation process is necessary. In this study, poly(amido amine) dendrimers (PAMAM) of generation 3 (G3) and generation 4 (G4) were synthesized and conjugated with 4-aminobiphenyl, an aggregation-induced emission (AIE) moiety, at varied grafting ratios. Among them, one fluorescence probe named G3-biph-3 that was grafted average 3...
February 8, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Nicole Cathcart, Neil Coombs, Ilya Gourevich, Vladimir Kitaev
In this work, we use silver decahedral nanoparticle (AgDeNP) seeds to synthesize pentagonal silver stars (AgStDeNPs) and study the sensing properties of these nanoparticles. The regrowth process of AgStDeNPs is kinetically-controlled, so the purity of the seed NPs is critical to avoid secondary deposition in the highly non-equilibrium reduction. To control the regrowth process, surface blocking with sodium polyacrylate (PANa) was implemented. PANa moderates rough silver nanostructures typically obtained by reduction with ascorbic acid...
October 21, 2016: Nanoscale
Xiang Li, Huaili Zheng, Baoyu Gao, Yongjun Sun, Bingzhi Liu, Chuanliang Zhao
Flocculation as the core technology of sludge pretreatment can improve the dewatering performance of sludge that enables to reduce the cost of sludge transportation and the subsequent disposal costs. Therefore, synthesis of high-efficiency and economic flocculant is remarkably desired in this field. This study presents a cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) flocculant with microblock structure synthesized through ultraviolet (UV)-initiated template copolymerization by using acrylamide (AM) and methacrylamido propyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (MAPTAC) as monomers, sodium polyacrylate (PAAS) as template, and 2,2'-azobis [2-(2-imidazolin-2-yl) propane] dihydrochloride (VA-044) as photoinitiator...
January 2017: Chemosphere
Yanhui Huang, Xingyi Huang, Linda S Schadler, Jinliang He, Pingkai Jiang
This work reports the advances of utilizing a core@double-shell nanostructure to enhance the electrical energy storage capability and suppress the dielectric loss of polymer nanocomposites. Two types of core@double-shell barium titanate (BaTiO3) matrix-free nanocomposites were prepared using a surface initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) method to graft a poly(2-hydroxylethyle methacrylate)-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) and sodium polyacrylate-block-poly(2-hydroxylethyle methacrylate) block copolymer from BaTiO3 nanoparticles...
September 28, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Joo-Bin Hong, Vijayalakshmi Dhakshnamoorthy, Chang-Ro Lee
The sco0765 gene was annotated as a glycosyl hydrolase family 5 endoglucanase from the genomic sequence of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) and consisted of 2,241 bp encoding a polypeptide of 747 amino acids (molecular weight of 80.5 kDa) with a 29-amino acid signal peptide for secretion. The SCO0765 recombinant protein was heterogeneously over-expressed in Streptomyces lividans TK24 under the control of a strong ermE* promoter. The purified SCO0765 protein showed the expected molecular weight of the mature form (718 aa, 77...
September 2016: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Sourbh Thakur, Sadanand Pandey, Omotayo A Arotiba
Batch adsorption experiments were carried out for the removal of methylene blue (MB) cationic dye from aqueous solution using organic/inorganic hydrogel nanocomposite of titania incorporated sodium alginate crosslinked polyacrylic acid (SA-cl-poly(AA)-TiO2). The hydrogel was prepared by graft copolymerization of acrylic acid (AA) onto sodium alginate (SA) biopolymer in the presence of a crosslinking agent, a free radical initiator and TiO2 nanoparticles. The hydrogel exhibited a high swelling capacity of 412...
November 20, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Mohammad A Al-Amry, Huda A Al-Ghadeer
Fake snow is a polymer of sodium polyacrylates used in games and celebrations. Despite the product leaflet that indicates safety, contact with the ocular surface can cause injury. We report a case of a child with corneal epitheliopathy due to a chemical burn injury after ocular surface contact with fake snow. The case was managed with epithelial debridement and a bandage contact lenses and topical antibiotics with complete resolution.
July 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Bihua Ye, Xueshi Luo, Zhiwen Li, Caiping Zhuang, Lihua Li, Lu Lu, Shan Ding, Jinhuan Tian, Changren Zhou
Collagen biomineralization is regulated by complicated interactions between the collagen matrix and non-collagenous extracellular proteins. Here, the use of sodium tripolyphosphate to simulate the templating functional motif of the C-terminal fragment of non-collagenous proteins is reported, and a low molecular weight polyacrylic acid served as a sequestration agent to stabilize amorphous calcium phosphate into nanoprecursors. Self-assembled collagen fibrils served as a fixed template for achieving rapid biomimetic mineralization in vitro...
November 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Gabriel Abuna, Victor P Feitosa, Americo Bortolazzo Correr, Giuseppe Cama, Marcelo Giannini, Mario A Sinhoreti, David H Pashley, Salvatore Sauro
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the bonding performance and dentin remineralization potential of an experimental adhesive containing calcium-phosphate (Ca/P) micro-fillers, and self-etching primers doped with phosphoprotein biomimetic analogs (polyacrylic acid-(PAA) and/or sodium trimetaphosphate-(TMP)). METHODS: Experimental self-etching primers doped with biomimetic analogs (PAA and/or TMP), and an adhesive containing Ca(2+), PO4(-3)-releasing micro-fillers (Ca/P) were formulated...
September 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Matheus Melo Pithon, Matheus Souza Campos, Raildo da Silva Coqueiro
AIM: To test the hypothesis that enamel surface deproteinisation with different concentrations of bromelain in association with 10% papain increases the shear bond strength (SBS) of brackets bonded with orthodontic composite and resin modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Orthodontic brackets were attached according to the following protocols to 195 bovine incisors, which were acquired and divided into 13 groups: 1) Transbond XT (TXT) according to the manufacturer's recommendations; 2) Deproteinisation with 3% bromelain (BD) plus 10% papain and TXT; 3) 6% BD plus 10% Papain and TXT; 4) RMGIC, without enamel deproteinisation and without acid etching; 5) RMGIC, with 3% BD plus 10% papain and without acid etching; 6) RMGIC, with 6% BD plus 10% papain and without acid etching; 7) attachment using RMGIC following etching with polyacrylic acid; 8) 3% BD plus 10% papain, attachment using RMGIC and etching with polyacrylic acid; 9) 6% BD plus 10% papain, and attachment using RMGIC following etching with polyacrylic acid; 10) etching with 37% phosphoric acid and attachment using RMGIC; 11) 3% BD plus 10% papain, etching with 37% phosphoric acid and attachment using RMGIC; 12) 6% BD plus 10% papain, etching with 37% phosphoric acid and attachment using RMGIC; 13) deproteinisation with 2...
May 2016: Australian Orthodontic Journal
Zhi-Li Pan, Zhi-Lu Ai, Tao Wang, Yu-Hong Wang, Xiu-Ling Zhang
Effects of hydrocolloids such as Sodium polyacrylate, xanthan gum and sodium alginate on the energy consumption and quality of frozen cooked noodles were investigated. Results showed that gelatinization temperature (GT) shortened significantly and texture properties (hardness, firmness, break strength) of frozen cooked noodle were significantly improved by adding different hydrocolloid additives (P < 0.05). Nevertheless, there were no significant differences of glass-transition temperature between hydrocolloid fortified and non fortified frozen cooked noodles...
May 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Alberto Escudero, Carolina Carrillo-Carrión, Mikhail V Zyuzin, Sumaira Ashraf, Raimo Hartmann, Nuria O Núñez, Manuel Ocaña, Wolfgang J Parak
Near-ultraviolet and visible excitable Eu- and Bi-doped NPs based on rare earth vanadates (REVO4, RE = Y, Gd) have been synthesized by a facile route from appropriate RE precursors, europium and bismuth nitrate, and sodium orthovanadate, by homogeneous precipitation in an ethylene glycol/water mixture at 120 °C. The NPs can be functionalized either by a one-pot synthesis with polyacrylic acid (PAA) or by a Layer-by-Layer approach with poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) and PAA. In the first case, the particle size can also be tuned by adjusting the amount of PAA...
June 16, 2016: Nanoscale
Shoujian Gao, Jichao Sun, Pingping Liu, Feng Zhang, Wenbin Zhang, Shiling Yuan, Jingye Li, Jian Jin
A polyionized hydrogel polymer (sodium polyacrylate-grafted poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PAAS-g-PVDF)) is fabricated via an alkaline-induced phase-inversion process. PAAS-g-PVDF coatings exhibit unprecedented anti-adhesion and self-cleaning properties to crude oils under an aqueous environment. A PAAS-g-PVDF-coated copper mesh can effectively separate a crude oil/water mixture with extremely high flux and high oil rejection driven by gravity, and is oil-fouling-free for long-term use.
July 2016: Advanced Materials
Amrutlal L Prajapat, Parag R Gogate
Depolymerization of polyacrylic acid (PAA) as sodium salt has been investigated using ultrasonic and solar irradiations with process intensification studies based on combination with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and ozone (O3). Effect of solar intensity, ozone flow and ultrasonic power dissipation on the extent of viscosity reduction has been investigated for individual treatment approaches. The combined approaches such as US+solar, solar+O3, solar+H2O2, US+H2O2 and US+O3 have been subsequently investigated under optimum conditions and established to be more efficient as compared to individual approaches...
September 2016: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Mohan K R Konduri, Pedram Fatehi
In this study, carboxymethylated beechwood xylan was produced under alkali conditions using sodium chloroacetate. Taguchi orthogonal design was used to explore the influence of the process parameters, i.e. NaOH concentration, time, temperature, the molar ratio of sodium chloroacetate to xylan and the concentration of the reaction medium on the charge density and degree of substitution (DS) of xylan. Carboxymethylated xylan (CMX) with the maximum charge density of 1.62meq/g and DS of 0.21 was produced under the optimal conditions of 0...
August 1, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Dhiraj R Sikwal, Rahul S Kalhapure, Sanjeev Rambharose, Suresh Vepuri, Mahmoud Soliman, Chunderika Mocktar, Thirumala Govender
Delivery of antibiotics by various nanosized carriers is proving to be a promising strategy to combat limitations associated with conventional dosage forms and the ever-increasing drug resistance problem. This method entails improving the pharmacokinetic parameters for accumulation at the target infection site and reducing their adverse effects. It has been proposed that antibiotic nanoparticles themselves are more effective delivery system than encapsulating the antibiotic in a nanosystem. In this study, we report on nanoparticles of vancomycin (VCM) by self-assembled amphiphilic-polyelectrolyte complexation between VCM hydrochloride and polyacrylic acid sodium (PAA)...
June 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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