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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534880/a-tale-of-two-risks-smoking-diabetes-and-the-subgingival-microbiome
#1
Sukirth M Ganesan, Vinayak Joshi, Megan Fellows, Shareef M Dabdoub, Haikady N Nagaraja, Benjamin O'Donnell, Neeta Rohit Deshpande, Purnima S Kumar
Although smoking and diabetes have been established as the only two risk factors for periodontitis, their individual and synergistic impacts on the periodontal microbiome are not well studied. The present investigation analyzed 2.7 million 16S sequences from 175 non-smoking normoglycemic individuals (controls), smokers, diabetics and diabetic smokers with periodontitis as well as periodontally healthy controls, smokers and diabetics to assess subgingival bacterial biodiversity and co-occurrence patterns. The microbial signatures of periodontally healthy smokers, but not diabetics, were highly aligned with the disease-associated microbiomes of their respective cohorts...
May 23, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526497/mixed-species-biofilms-of-fusobacterium-necrophorum-and-porphyromonas-levii-impair-the-oxidative-response-of-bovine-neutrophils-in-vitro
#2
Joey S Lockhart, Andre G Buret, Howard Ceri, Douglas G Storey, Stefanie J Anderson, Douglas W Morck
Biofilms composed of anaerobic bacteria can result in persistent infections and chronic inflammation. Host immune cells have difficulties clearing biofilm-related infections and this can result in tissue damage. Neutrophils are a vital component of the innate immune system and help clear biofilms. The comparative neutrophilic response to biofilms versus planktonic bacteria remains incompletely understood, particularly in the context of mixed infections. The objective of this study was to generate mixed species anaerobic bacterial biofilms composed of two opportunistic pathogens, Fusobacterium necrophorum and Porphyromonas levii, and evaluate neutrophil responses to extracellular fractions from both biofilms and planktonic cell co-cultures of the same bacteria...
May 16, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516038/detection-of-fusobacterium-nucleatum-in-culture-negative-brain-abscess-by-broad-spectrum-bacterial-16s-rrna-gene-pcr
#3
Catherine Chakvetadze, Anastasia Purcarea, Aurelia Pitsch, Jonathan Chelly, Sylvain Diamantis
BACKGROUND: Fusobacterium nucleatum is a strict anaerobic microorganism commensal to the human oropharynx and gastrointestinal tract, which causes a wide spectrum of human diseases and it is an important pathogen in abscesses. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a previously healthy 64-year-old woman with multiple abscesses due to Fusobacterium nucleatum, involving liver, pleura and brain. Fusobacterium was not recovered from blood cultures nor from culture of hepatic, pleural and brain drain fluid...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512280/herpes-simplex-1-and-periopathogen-role-in-peri-implantitis
#4
S Parthiban, Nizar Ahmed, T Ramakrishnan, V Balakumar, Manoj Raja, Himanshu Shekhar
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study were to compare the qualitative and quantitative profiles of herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-1) in implant surfaces between participants with peri-implantitis (PI) and Healthy peri-implant tissues and to quantitatively assess the relation between HSV-1 and periopathogens inside the microbiological profile associated with PI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with PI and 40 with healthy peri-implant tissues (HI) were recruited...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500338/inflammatory-bacteriome-featuring-fusobacterium-nucleatum-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-identified-in-association-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Nezar Noor Al-Hebshi, Akram Thabet Nasher, Mohamed Yousef Maryoud, Husham E Homeida, Tsute Chen, Ali Mohamed Idris, Newell W Johnson
Studies on the possible association between bacteria and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remain inconclusive, largely due to methodological variations/limitations. The objective of this study was to characterize the species composition as well as functional potential of the bacteriome associated with OSCC. DNA obtained from 20 fresh OSCC biopsies (cases) and 20 deep-epithelium swabs (matched control subjects) was sequenced for the V1-V3 region using Illumina's 2 × 300 bp chemistry. High quality, non-chimeric merged reads were classified to species level using a prioritized BLASTN-algorithm...
May 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492362/microbiota-analysis-of-biofilms-on-experimental-abutments-mimicking-dental-implants-an-in-vivo-model
#6
Berta Cortés-Acha, Rui Figueiredo, Ramón Seminago, Francisco J Roig, Carlos Llorens, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón
BACKGROUND: The microbiota colonizing dental implants has been said to be similar to the microbiome surrounding teeth. In the absence of inflammation, a biofilm with pathological bacteria can cover implant surfaces exposed to the oral cavity, due for example, to a remodeling process. The aim of the present study was to identify the microbiota surrounding exposed dental implants in patients with and without a history of periodontitis through a deep-sequencing approach. METHODS: An experimental abutment with the same surface and structure as a commercially available dental implant was used...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486933/influence-of-chronic-azithromycin-treatment-on-the-composition-of-the-oropharyngeal-microbial-community-in-patients-with-severe-asthma
#7
Guido Lopes Dos Santos Santiago, Guy Brusselle, Kenny Dauwe, Pieter Deschaght, Chris Verhofstede, Dries Vaneechoutte, Ellen Deschepper, Paul Jordens, Guy Joos, Mario Vaneechoutte
BACKGROUND: This study of the oropharyngeal microbiome complements the previously published AZIthromycin in Severe ASThma (AZISAST) clinical trial, where the use of azithromycin was assessed in subjects with exacerbation-prone severe asthma. Here, we determined the composition of the oropharyngeal microbial community by means of deep sequencing of the amplified 16S rRNA gene in oropharyngeal swabs from patients with exacerbation-prone severe asthma, at baseline and during and after 6 months treatment with azithromycin or placebo...
May 10, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485830/diagnosis-and-management-of-pyothorax-in-a-domestic-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#8
Izidora Sladakovic, Benjamin M Brainard, Selena L Lane, Scott A Secrest, Andrew J Fox, Jaime L Tarigo, Corry K Yeuroukis, Susan Sanchez, Laila M Proenca, Joerg Mayer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnosis, management, and outcome of pyothorax in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo). CASE SUMMARY: A domestic ferret was evaluated for a history of lethargy, anorexia, and pyrexia. Pleural effusion was detected with radiography and ultrasonography, and a diagnosis of pyothorax was made following cytologic evaluation of pleural fluid. Bilateral thoracostomy tubes were placed for thoracic drainage and lavage, and the ferret was treated with intravenous crystalloid fluids, antimicrobials, and analgesics...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483840/fusobacterium-nucleatum-subspecies-animalis-influences-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-expression-and-monocyte-activation-in-human-colorectal-tumors
#9
Xiangcang Ye, Rui Wang, Rajat Bhattacharya, Delphine Boulbes, Fan Fan, Ling Xia, Harish Adoni, Nadim J Ajami, Matthew C Wong, Daniel P Smith, Joseph F Petrosino, Susan Venable, Wei Qiao, Veerabhadran Baladandayuthapani, Dipen M Maru, Lee M Ellis
Chronic infection and associated inflammation have long been suspected to promote human<br />carcinogenesis. Recently, certain gut bacteria, including some in the Fusobacterium genus, have been implicated in playing a role in human colorectal cancer (CRC) development. However, the Fusobacterium species and subspecies involved and their oncogenic mechanisms remain to be determined. We sought to identify the specific Fusobacterium spp. and ssp. in clinical CRC specimens by targeted sequencing of Fusobacterium 16S ribosomal RNA gene...
May 8, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481057/mapping-and-comparing-bacterial-microbiota-in-the-sinonasal-cavity-of-healthy-allergic-rhinitis-and-chronic-rhinosinusitis-subjects
#10
Devyani Lal, Paul Keim, Josie Delisle, Bridget Barker, Matthew A Rank, Nicholas Chia, James M Schupp, John D Gillece, Emily K Cope
BACKGROUND: The role of microbiota in sinonasal inflammation can be further understood by targeted sampling of healthy and diseased subjects. We compared the microbiota of the middle meatus (MM) and inferior meatus (IM) in healthy, allergic rhinitis (AR), and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) subjects to characterize intrasubject, intersubject, and intergroup differences. METHODS: Subjects were recruited in the office, and characterized into healthy, AR, and CRS groups...
May 8, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476580/comparative-profiling-of-microbial-community-of-three-economically-important-fishes-reared-in-sea-cages-under-tropical-offshore-environment
#11
M K Rasheeda, Vijaya Raghavan Rangamaran, Senthilkumar Srinivasan, Sendhil Kumar Ramaiah, Rajaprabhu Gunasekaran, Santhanakumar Jaypal, Dharani Gopal, Kirubagaran Ramalingam
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the microbial composition of farmed cobia pompano and milkfish, reared in sea-cages by culture-independent methods. This study would serve as a basis for assessing the general health of fish, identifying the dominant bacterial species present in the gut for future probiotic work and in early detection of potential pathogens. High-throughput sequencing of V3-V4 hyper variable regions of 16S rDNA on Illumina MiSeq platform facilitated unravelling of composite bacterial population...
May 2, 2017: Marine Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476135/the-effects-of-inhaled-aztreonam-on-the-cystic-fibrosis-lung-microbiome
#12
Alya A Heirali, Matthew L Workentine, Nicole Acosta, Ali Poonja, Douglas G Storey, Ranjani Somayaji, Harvey R Rabin, Fiona J Whelan, Michael G Surette, Michael D Parkins
BACKGROUND: Aztreonam lysine for inhalation (AZLI) is an inhaled antibiotic used to treat chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in CF. AZLI improves lung function and quality of life, and reduces exacerbations-improvements attributed to its antipseudomonal activity. Given the extremely high aztreonam concentrations achieved in the lower airways by nebulization, we speculate this may extend its spectrum of activity to other organisms. As such, we sought to determine if AZLI affects the CF lung microbiome and whether community constituents can be used to predict treatment responsiveness...
May 5, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470309/characterization-of-non-dialyzable-constituents-from-cranberry-juice-that-inhibit-adhesion-co-aggregation-and-biofilm-formation-by-oral-bacteria
#13
C C Neto, K A Penndorf, M Feldman, S Meron-Sudai, Z Zakay-Rones, D Steinberg, M Fridman, Y Kashman, I Ginsburg, I Ofek, E I Weiss
An extract prepared from cranberry juice by dialysis known as nondialyzable material (NDM) has been shown previously to possess anti-adhesion activity toward microbial species including oral bacteria, uropathogenic Escherichia coli and Helicobacter pylori. Bioassay-guided fractionation of cranberry NDM was therefore undertaken to identify the anti-adhesive constituents. An aqueous acetone-soluble fraction (NDMac) obtained from Sephadex LH-20 inhibited adhesion-linked activities by oral bacteria, including co-aggregation of oral bacteria Fusobacterium nucleatum with Streptococcus sanguinis or Porphyromonas gingivalis, and biofilm formation by Streptococcus mutans...
May 24, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467592/-effect-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-anaerobic-bacteria
#14
Renata Večeřová, Aleš Panáček, Milan Kolář
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles on anaerobic bacteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The microdilution method was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 28 nm silver nanoparticles, both unstabilized and stabilized by casein, gelatin and polyacrylic acid. The following anaerobic bacteria were tested: Bacteroides fragilis, Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, Eggerthella lenta, Propionibacterium acnes, Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium difficile and Fusobacterium varium...
March 2017: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464950/illumina-miseq-16s-amplicon-sequence-analysis-of-bovine-respiratory-disease-associated-bacteria-in-lung-and-mediastinal-lymph-node-tissue
#15
Dayle Johnston, Bernadette Earley, Paul Cormican, Gerard Murray, David Anthony Kenny, Sinead Mary Waters, Mark McGee, Alan Kieran Kelly, Matthew Sean McCabe
BACKGROUND: Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is caused by growth of single or multiple species of pathogenic bacteria in lung tissue following stress and/or viral infection. Next generation sequencing of 16S ribosomal RNA gene PCR amplicons (NGS 16S amplicon analysis) is a powerful culture-independent open reference method that has recently been used to increase understanding of BRD-associated bacteria in the upper respiratory tract of BRD cattle. However, it has not yet been used to examine the microbiome of the bovine lower respiratory tract...
May 2, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461081/mathematical-modeling-of-ovine-footrot-in-the-uk-the-effect-of-dichelobacter-nodosus-and-fusobacterium-necrophorum-on-the-disease-dynamics
#16
Jolene Atia, Emma Monaghan, Jasmeet Kaler, Kevin Purdy, Laura Green, Matt Keeling
Dichelobacter nodosus is a virulent, invasive, anaerobic bacterium that is believed to be the causative agent of ovine footrot, an infectious bacterial disease of sheep that causes lameness. Another anaerobe, Fusobacterium necrophorum, has been intimately linked with the disease occurrence and severity. Here we examine data from a longitudinal study of footrot on one UK farm, including quantitative PCR (qPCR) estimates of bacterial load of D. nodosus and F. necrophorum. The data is at foot level; all feet were monitored for five weeks assessing disease severity (healthy, interdigital dermatitis (ID), or severe footrot (SFR)) and bacterial load (number of bacteria/swab)...
April 12, 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460249/effect-of-preparation-method-and-storage-period-on-the-stability-of-saliva-dna
#17
Maribasappa Karched, Radhika G Bhardwaj, Eunice M Pauline, Swapna George, Sirkka Asikainen
Saliva is an attractive source for oral microbial detection and quantification since sampling is non-invasive and rapid. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether different saliva preparation methods or preservation time periods affect DNA stability. METHODS: Saliva samples from 4 healthy adult volunteers were processed to obtain 3 different preparations: whole saliva, and after centrifugation pellet and supernatant. Purified DNA (MasterPure™) from each sample was divided into 4 aliquots, one for immediate analysis and 3 (stored at -80°C) for later analyses after 1 week and 2 and 6 months...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445341/get-the-facts-about-fusobacterium
#18
Marissa Broadley, Steven J Schweon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442908/antibacterial-activity-and-cytocompatibility-of-an-implant-coating-consisting-of-tio2-nanotubes-combined-with-a-gl13k-antimicrobial-peptide
#19
Tao Li, Na Wang, Su Chen, Ran Lu, Hongyi Li, Zhenting Zhang
Prevention of implant-associated infections at an early stage of surgery is highly desirable for the long-term efficacy of implants in dentistry and orthopedics. Infection prophylaxis using conventional antibiotics is becoming less effective due to the development of bacteria resistant to multiple antibiotics. An ideal strategy to conquer bacterial infections is the local delivery of antibacterial agents. Therefore, antimicrobial peptide (AMP) eluting coatings on implant surfaces is a promising alternative...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435379/shifts-of-subgingival-bacterial-population-after-nonsurgical-and-pharmacological-therapy-of-localized-aggressive-periodontitis-followed-for-1-year-by-ion-torrent-pgm-platform
#20
Giuseppina Campisciano, Annamaria Toschetti, Manola Comar, Rosanna Di Taranto, Federico Berton, Claudio Stacchi
The possibility of targeting the hypervariable region V3 of the 16S rRNA gene using Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine (PGM) could provide a complete analysis of subgingival plaque samples, potentially able to identify microbiological species missed by culture-based methods. A 16-year-old female smoker patient, affected by localized aggressive periodontitis, underwent a full-mouth disinfection protocol and was inserted in a 3-month recall program. Microbiological samples were collected at baseline and at 30, 100, 365 days follow-up and analyzed by Ion Torrent PGM...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
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