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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231362/the-use-of-high-resolution-pharyngeal-manometry-as-biofeedback-in-dysphagia-therapy
#1
Ashli O'Rourke, Kate Humphries
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230706/first-presentation-acute-rheumatic-fever-is-preventable-in-a-community-setting-a-school-based-intervention
#2
Diana Lennon, Philippa Anderson, Melissa Kerdemelidis, Elizabeth Farrell, Suzanne Crengle Mahi, Teuila Percival, David Jansen, Joanna Stewart
BACKGROUND: Robust evidence is lacking for community initiatives to prevent first presentation acute rheumatic fever (ARF) by group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis treatment. METHODS: We measured the effect of introducing a sore throat clinic program on first presentation ARF into 61 year 1-8 schools with students aged 5-13years (population ~ 25,000) in Auckland, New Zealand. The study period was 2010-2016. A generalized linear mixed model investigated ARF rate changes before and after the staggered introduction of school clinics...
February 22, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228583/food-responsiveness-regulates-episodic-behavioral-states-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#3
Richard J McCloskey, Anthony D Fouad, Matthew A Churgin, Christopher Fang-Yen
Animals optimize survival and reproduction in part through control of behavioral states, which depend on the organism's internal and external environments. In the nematode C. elegans, a variety of behavioral states have been described, including roaming, dwelling, quiescence, and episodic swimming. These states have been considered in isolation, under varied experimental conditions, making it difficult to establish a unified picture of how they are regulated. Using long-term imaging, we examined C. elegans episodic behavioral states under varied mechanical and nutritional environments...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228242/effect-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-on-the-laryngo-pharyngeal-tract
#4
Abdul-Latif Hamdan, Ghina Fakhri, Ghassan Haddad, Gabriel Dunya, Doja Sarieddine, Bilal Turfe, Georges Tabet, Sami Azar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of vitamin D deficiency on the laryngopharyngeal tract. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 38 human subjects were prospectively recruited, equally divided into two groups. The Vitamin D deficiency group defined as 25-OH<25ng/dl and the control subjects with normal vitamin D level defined as 25-OH>25ng/dl. The presence and severity of vocal tract symptoms was assessed using the Vocal Tract Discomfort score...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226837/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-myoelectrical-energy-distribution-of-the-front-neck-muscles-in-pharyngeal-phase-during-normal-swallowing
#5
Mingxing Zhu, Wanzhang Yang, Oluwarotimi Williams Samuel, Yun Xiang, Jianping Huang, Haiqing Zou, Guanglin Li, Mingxing Zhu, Wanzhang Yang, Oluwarotimi Williams Samuel, Yun Xiang, Jianping Huang, Haiqing Zou, Guanglin Li, Wanzhang Yang, Yun Xiang, Guanglin Li, Haiqing Zou, Jianping Huang, Oluwarotimi Williams Samuel, Mingxing Zhu
Pharyngeal phase is a central hub of swallowing in which food bolus pass through from the oral cavity to the esophageal. Proper understanding of the muscular activities in the pharyngeal phase is useful for assessing swallowing function and the occurrence of dysphagia in humans. In this study, high-density (HD) surface electromyography (sEMG) was used to study the muscular activities in the pharyngeal phase during swallowing tasks involving three healthy male subjects. The root mean square (RMS) of the HD sEMG data was computed by using a series of segmented windows as myoelectrical energy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219168/-thyroid-adenoma-in-the-piriform-fossa-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
X T Huang, B Ma, M B Liu, Y Zhang, D L Huang, L Chen
Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of case of thyroid adenoma in the piriform fossa, and review the literatures of the congentital thyroid gland abnormality. Methods: A 44-year-old male had foreign body feeling in his pharynx for 3 years. A mass in his left piriform fossa was detected by the clinical and imaging examination. Biopsy report that the mass was thyroid papillary carcinoma. The resection of tumor with partial back thyroid cartilage through lateral neck and pharyngeal approach was performed...
February 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218556/scandcleft-randomised-trials-of-primary-surgery-for-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-5-speech-outcomes-in-5-year-olds-consonant-proficiency-and-errors
#7
Elisabeth Willadsen, Anette Lohmander, Christina Persson, Inger Lundeborg, Suvi Alaluusua, Ragnhild Aukner, Anja Bau, Maria Boers, Melanie Bowden, Julie Davies, Berit Emborg, Christina Havstam, Christine Hayden, Gunilla Henningsson, Anders Holmefjord, Elina Hölttä, Mia Kisling-Møller, Lillian Kjøll, Maria Lundberg, Eilish McAleer, Jill Nyberg, Marjukka Paaso, Nina Helen Pedersen, Therese Rasmussen, Sigvor Reisæter, Helene Søgaard Andersen, Antje Schöps, Inger-Beate Tørdal, Gunvor Semb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Normal articulation before school start is a main objective in cleft palate treatment. The aim was to investigate if differences exist in consonant proficiency at age 5 years between children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) randomised to different surgical protocols for primary palatal repair. A secondary aim was to estimate burden of care in terms of received additional secondary surgeries and speech therapy. DESIGN: Three parallel group, randomised clinical trials were undertaken as an international multicentre study by 10 cleft teams in five countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, and the UK...
February 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218551/scandcleft-randomised-trials-of-primary-surgery-for-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-4-speech-outcomes-in-5-year-olds-velopharyngeal-competency-and-hypernasality
#8
Anette Lohmander, Christina Persson, Elisabeth Willadsen, Inger Lundeborg, Suvi Alaluusua, Ragnhild Aukner, Anja Bau, Maria Boers, Melanie Bowden, Julie Davies, Berit Emborg, Christina Havstam, Christine Hayden, Gunilla Henningsson, Anders Holmefjord, Elina Hölttä, Mia Kisling-Møller, Lillian Kjøll, Maria Lundberg, Eilish McAleer, Jill Nyberg, Marjukka Paaso, Nina Helen Pedersen, Therese Rasmussen, Sigvor Reisæter, Helene Søgaard Andersen, Antje Schöps, Inger-Beate Tørdal, Gunvor Semb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Adequate velopharyngeal function and speech are main goals in the treatment of cleft palate. The objective was to investigate if there were differences in velopharyngeal competency (VPC) and hypernasality at age 5 years in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) operated on with different surgical methods for primary palatal repair. A secondary aim was to estimate burden of care in terms of received additional secondary surgeries and speech therapy. DESIGN: Three parallel group, randomised clinical trials were undertaken as an international multicentre study by 10 cleft teams in five countries: Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Norway, and the UK...
February 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215047/pharyngeal-swallowing-pressures-in-the-base-of-tongue-and-hypopharynx-regions-identified-with-three-dimensional-manometry
#9
Sarah P Rosen, Corinne A Jones, Timothy M McCulloch
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to use three-dimensional (3D) high-resolution manometry to identify circumferential pressure patterns generated within the asymmetrical base-of-tongue and hypopharynx regions of the pharynx during deglutition. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: Radial pressures in the regions of interest were evaluated during swallowing events in 12 healthy subjects using 3D high-resolution manometry. RESULTS: Repeated measures analysis of variance revealed asymmetrical pharyngeal clearance pressures in the base-of-tongue and hypopharynx regions during swallowing...
February 19, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214971/complete-occipitalization-of-the-atlas-with-bilateral-external-auditory-canal-atresia
#10
Janez Dolenšek, Erika Cvetko, Žiga Snoj, Marija Meznaric
Fusion of the atlas with the occipital bone is a rare congenital dysplasia known as occipitalization of the atlas, occipitocervical synostosis, assimilation of the atlas, or atlanto-occipital fusion. It is a component of the paraxial mesodermal maldevelopment and commonly associated with other dysplasias of the craniovertebral junction. External auditory canal atresia or external aural atresia is a rare congenital absence of the external auditory canal. It occurs as the consequence of the maldevelopment of the first pharyngeal cleft due to defects of cranial neural crest cells migration and/or differentiation...
February 18, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213776/the-importance-of-drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-d-i-s-e-techniques-in-surgical-decision-making-conventional-versus-target-controlled-infusion-techniques-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study-and-a-retrospective-surgical-outcomes-analysis
#11
Andrea De Vito, Vanni Agnoletti, Gianluca Zani, Ruggero Massimo Corso, Giovanni D'Agostino, Elisabetta Firinu, Chiara Marchi, Ying-Shuo Hsu, Stefano Maitan, Claudio Vicini
Drug-Induced Sedation Endoscopy (DISE) consists of the direct observation of the upper airways during sedative-induced sleep, allowing the identification of the sites of pharyngeal collapse, which is the main pathological event in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). The Authors have compared Target Controlled Infusion (TCI) sedation endoscopy (TCI-DISE) technique to conventional DISE (CDISE), performed by a manual bolus injection of sedative agent, to recreate accurately and safely snoring and apnea patterns comparable to natural sleep...
February 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213342/virtual-visits-for-acute-nonurgent-care-a-claims-analysis-of-episode-level-utilization
#12
Aliza S Gordon, Wallace C Adamson, Andrea R DeVries
BACKGROUND: Expansion of virtual health care-real-time video consultation with a physician via the Internet-will continue as use of mobile devices and patient demand for immediate, convenient access to care grow. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to analyze the care provided and the cost of virtual visits over a 3-week episode compared with in-person visits to retail health clinics (RHC), urgent care centers (UCC), emergency departments (ED), or primary care physicians (PCP) for acute, nonurgent conditions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212925/reversible-opercular-syndrome-secondary-to-osmotic-demyelination
#13
Shuchit Pandey, Vikram V Holla, Imran Rizvi, Rakesh Shukla
Opercular syndrome (OPS) is characterized by weakness of facial, masticatory, pharyngeal, laryngeal, tongue and brachial muscles on voluntary command with preservation of emotional and reflexive movements. We report a case of 45year old female who developed the features of OPS due to lesions of bilateral frontal opercular region induced by osmotic demyelination secondary to hyperosmolar hyperglycaemia. On follow up at 6 months, she had complete recovery.
February 11, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212620/clinical-manifestations-of-severe-enterovirus-71-infection-and-early-assessment-in-a-southern-china-population
#14
Si-da Yang, Pei-Qing Li, Yi-Min Li, Wei Li, Wen-Ying Lai, Cui-Ping Zhu, Jian-Ping Tao, Li Deng, Hong-Sheng Liu, Wen-Cheng Ma, Jia-Ming Lu, Yan Hong, Yu-Ting Liang, Jun Shen, Dan-Dan Hu, Yuan-Yuan Gao, Yi Zhou, Min-Xiong Situ, Yan-Ling Chen
BACKGROUND: Enterovirus 71 (EV-A71) shows a potential of rapid death, but the natural history of the infection is poorly known. This study aimed to examine the natural history of EV-A71 infection. METHODS: This was a prospective longitudinal observational study performed between January 1(st) and October 31(st), 2012, at three hospitals in Guangdong, China. Subjects with positive EV-A71 RNA laboratory test results were included. Disease progression was documented with MRI, autopsies, and follow-up...
February 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212126/comparison-of-the-speech-results-after-correction-of-submucous-cleft-palate-with-furlow-palatoplasty-and-pharyngeal-flap-combined-with-intravelar-veloplasty
#15
Mert Calis, Galip Gencay Ustun, Mehtap Ozturk, Riza Onder Gunaydin, Mavis Emel Kulak Kayikci, Figen Ozgur
Submucous cleft palate (SMCP) is a relatively rare variant of the common pathology of cleft palate with specific anatomic and clinical features. Even though there are many surgical options defined previously to correct the SMCP, correction of the velopharyngeal insufficiency and obtaining ideal speech results remains as a challenge. The aim of this article was to compare the speech benefits of Furlow double opposing Z plasty and posterior pharyngeal flap operation combined with intravelar veloplasty for the correction of SMCP using objective assessment tools...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207965/is-colchicine-more-effective-to-prevent-pfapa-episodes-in-mefv-variants
#16
Muhammed Gunes, Sukru Cekic, Sara Sebnem Kilic
BACKGROUND: Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome is the most frequent repetitive fever syndrome in childhood. It is characterized with fever episodes lasting for about three to six days, once every three to eight weeks. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data of patients with PFAPA syndrome between January 2010 and December 2014 followed up at a tertiary pediatric care hospital were reviewed. RESULTS: Four-hundred children (256 male, 144 female), the mean age at diagnosis was 4...
February 16, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204979/one-year-swallowing-outcomes-in-patients-treated-with-prophylactic-gabapentin-during-radiation-based-treatment-for-oropharyngeal-cancer
#17
Heather M Starmer, WuYang Yang, Christine G Gourin, Rachit Kumar, Bronwyn Jones, Todd McNutt, Sierra Cheng, Harry Quon
Recent investigations by our study team have demonstrated patients using gabapentin for pain management during chemoradiotherapy (CRT) do well maintaining swallowing during treatment with less need for narcotic pain medication, PEG dependence, weight loss, and short-term swallowing morbidity. The purpose of this investigation was to characterize the long-term swallowing function of these patients 1-year following treatment. Sequential patients receiving CRT for oropharyngeal cancer and concurrent gabapentin were evaluated 1-year following treatment for swallowing outcomes...
February 15, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204534/prospective-longitudinal-analysis-of-immune-responses-in-pediatric-subjects-after-pharyngeal-acquisition-of-group-a-streptococci
#18
Nicholas D Hysmith, Edward L Kaplan, P Patrick Cleary, Dwight R Johnson, Thomas A Penfound, James B Dale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203763/location-of-persistent-pharyngeal-pain-after-general-anaesthesia
#19
Y Konishi, N Komasawa, H Sano, T Minami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198530/location-of-the-narrowest-area-of-the-pharynx-regarding-bmi-and-osa-severity
#20
Marta Krasny, Jarosław Wysocki, Monika Prus, Kazimierz Niemczyk
BACKGROUND: Among authors studying morphological determinants of the Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) controversies exist on the location of the narrowest area within the pharynx critical for development of obstruction. Those disagreements primarily revolve around differences between obese and nonobese OSA patients. Determination whether the location and size of the narrowest area within the pharynx differentiates the obese and nonobese OSA patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population of 55 subjects was investigated after being diagnosed with OSA in the Polysomnography Laboratory of the Department and Clinic of Otolaryngology in the Medical University of Warsaw...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
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