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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679588/growth-and-development-of-craniofacial-structures-in-patients-at-different-ages-with-unrepaired-submucous-cleft-palate
#1
Congcong Cao, Xue Xu, Qian Zheng, Bing Shi, Jingtao Li, Yan Wang
PURPOSE: Submucous cleft palate (SMCP) is a particular subtype of cleft palate deformity; research related to the craniofacial features of patients with SMCP is comparatively rare. The study objective was to perform a cephalometric comparison of the craniofacial features of patients with SMCP and non-cleft controls at different ages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample in this cross-sectional study was composed of 2 groups: SMCP patients and non-cleft controls. The primary predictor variables were study group (cleft and non-cleft) and age...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673961/metabolic-effects-of-manganese-in-the-nematode-caenorhabditis-elegans-through-daergic-pathway-and-transcription-factors-activation
#2
Priscila Gubert, Bruna Puntel, Tassia Lehmen, Joshua P Fessel, Pan Cheng, Julia Bornhorst, Lucas Siqueira Trindade, Daiana S Avila, Michael Aschner, Felix A A Soares
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element for physiological functions since it acts as an enzymatic co-factor. Nevertheless, overexposure to Mn has been associated with a pathologic condition called manganism. Furthermore, Mn has been reported to affect lipid metabolism by mechanisms which have yet to be established. Herein, we used the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to examine Mn's effects on the dopaminergic (DAergic) system and determine which transcription factors that regulate with lipid metabolism are affected by it...
April 16, 2018: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672224/nocturnal-swallowing-and-arousal-threshold-in-individuals-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Aliza Rizwan, Abdulghani Sankari, Amy T Bascom, Sarah Vaughan, M Safwan Badr
Respiratory complications are potential causes of death in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Nocturnal swallowing could be related to transient arousals, and lead to fragmented sleep in SCI patients. However, the impact of nocturnal swallowing on breathing and sleep physiology in SCI is unknown. The objectives of this study were (1) to determine whether nocturnal swallowing is more common in SCI than in able-bodied subjects, (2) to determine the role of nocturnal swallowing on arousal threshold in SCI individuals with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), (3) to determine the effect of CPAP treatment on nocturnal swallowing...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671499/poststreptococcal-illness-recognition-and-management
#4
David L Maness, Michael Martin, Gregg Mitchell
Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus can cause several postinfectious, nonsuppurative immune- mediated diseases including acute rheumatic fever, poststreptococcal reactive arthritis, pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders, and poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis. Except for sporadic outbreaks, poststreptococcal autoimmune syndromes occur most commonly in sub-Saharan Africa, India, Australia, and New Zealand. Children younger than three years are rarely affected by group A streptococcus pharyngitis or rheumatic fever, and usually do not require testing...
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670440/-trematocranus-pachychilus-a-new-endemic-cichlid-from-lake-malawi-teleostei-cichlidae
#5
Katrien Dierickx, Mark Hanssens, Bosco Rusuwa, Jos Snoeks
A new species of Trematocranus , T. pachychilus sp. n. , is described from Lake Malawi. So far, it has only been found at Jafua Bay, Mozambique. It can easily be distinguished from T. labifer by its molariform pharyngeal dentition. A morphometric study, including 24 measurements and 15 counts, was done to compare the new species with T. microstoma and T. placodon . Trematocranus pachychilus is characterised by its thick lips. This species further differs from T. microstoma by its bicuspid (vs. unicuspid) outer oral teeth, wide (vs...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669569/an-international-delphi-survey-for-the-definition-of-the-variables-for-the-development-of-new-classification-criteria-for-periodic-fever-aphtous-stomatitis-pharingitis-cervical-adenitis-pfapa
#6
Federica Vanoni, Silvia Federici, Jordi Antón, Karyl S Barron, Paul Brogan, Fabrizio De Benedetti, Fatma Dedeoglu, Erkan Demirkaya, Veronique Hentgen, Tilmann Kallinich, Ronald Laxer, Ricardo Russo, Natasa Toplak, Yosef Uziel, Alberto Martini, Nicolino Ruperto, Marco Gattorno, Michael Hofer
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) is currently based on a set of criteria proposed in 1999 modified from Marshall's criteria. Nevertheless no validated evidence based set of classification criteria for PFAPA has been established so far. The aim of this study was to identify candidate classification criteria PFAPA syndrome using international consensus formation through a Delphi questionnaire survey. METHODS: A first open-ended questionnaire was sent to adult and pediatric clinicians/researchers, asking to identify the variables thought most likely to be helpful and relevant for the diagnosis of PFAPA...
April 18, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669196/development-of-the-human-incus-with-special-reference-to-the-detachment-from-the-chondrocranium-to-be-transferred-into-the-middle-ear
#7
Jose Francisco Rodríguez-Vázquez, Masahito Yamamoto, Shinichi Abe, Yukio Katori, Gen Murakami
The mammalian middle ear represents one of the most fundamental features defining this class of vertebrates. However, the origin and the developmental process of the incus in the human remains controversial. The present study seeks to demonstrate all the steps of development and integration of the incus within the middle ear. We examined histological sections of 55 human embryos and foetuses at 6 to 13 weeks of development. At 6 weeks of development (16 Carnegie Stage), the incus anlage was found to be lateral to this vein at the cranial end of the first pharyngeal arch...
April 18, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669139/diuretic-or-sodium-restricted-diet-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-randomized-trial
#8
Cintia Zappe Fiori, Denis Martinez, Carolina Caruccio Montanari, Pedro Lopez, Rodrigo Camargo, Lauren Sezerá, Sandro Cadaval Gonçalves, Flavio Danni Fuchs
Study Objectives: Interventions that decrease leg fluid retention reduce obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity in nonrandomized experiments. We aimed to investigate in a randomized trial the effect of interventions that reduce fluid volume on OSA severity. Methods: Men diagnosed with severe OSA were randomized to receive daily spironolactone 100 mg + furosemide 20 mg or nutritional counseling to sodium-restricted diet plus placebo pill or placebo pill. All participants underwent home sleep apnea testing at baseline and after 1 week follow-up...
April 1, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668108/sonographic-assessment-of-swallowing-in-irradiated-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-patients
#9
Dennis T H Cheng, Kathy Y S Lee, Anil T Ahuja, Michael C F Tong
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Ultrasonography is an emerging clinical tool to study the dysfunction of swallowing muscles. This was the first sonographic study to assess the relationship between suprahyoid muscle contraction, hyoid bone displacement, and penetration-aspiration status (PAS) during swallowing in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with radiotherapy (RT). The study also aimed to establish reliability data for the sonographic technique described. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663677/the-carotid-sinus-nerve-structure-function-and-clinical-implications
#10
Andrea Porzionato, Veronica Macchi, Carla Stecco, Raffaele De Caro
Interest has been renewed in the anatomy and physiology of the carotid sinus nerve (CSN) and its targets (carotid sinus and carotid body), due to recent proposals of surgical procedures for a series of common pathologies, such as carotid sinus syndrome, hypertension, heart failure and insulin resistance. The CSN originates from the glossopharyngeal nerve soon after its appearance from the jugular foramen. It shows frequent communications with the sympathetic trunk (usually at the level of the superior cervical ganglion) and the vagal nerve (main trunk, pharyngeal branches or superior laryngeal nerve)...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663604/primary-extracranial-nasopharyngeal-meningioma-in-a-dog
#11
Emilie Fauchon, Jean-Charles Husson, Juan Hernandez, Eymeric Gomes
An 8-year-old Labrador Retriever was presented for inspiratory efforts with stertor. A rhinoscopy and a magnetic resonance imaging scan were performed and revealed a naso-pharyngeal mass. The mass was identified in the nasopharynx without meningeal extension. This mass was both T1- and T2-hyperintense, compared to normal brain parenchyma without significant postcontrast enhancement. The mass was surgically removed and the histologic diagnosis was a mesenchymal tumor. Immunohistochemistry with antibodies was conducted and consistent with an extracranial meningioma...
April 16, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662231/processed-meat-and-risk-of-selected-digestive-tract-and-laryngeal-cancers
#12
Valentina Rosato, Daisuke Kawakita, Eva Negri, Diego Serraino, Werner Garavello, Maurizio Montella, Adriano Decarli, Carlo La Vecchia, Monica Ferraroni
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between processed meat and the risk of selected digestive tract and laryngeal cancers. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted a series of case-control studies between 1985 and 2007 in Italy. The studies included a total of 1475 cases of cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx, 1077 of the larynx, 716 of the esophagus, 999 of the stomach, 684 of the liver, 159 of the biliary tract, 688 of the pancreas, and a total of 9720 controls...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661898/author-response-teaching-video-neuroimages-olivary-enlargement-and-pharyngeal-nystagmus
#13
Darío A Yacovino, John B Finlay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661897/reader-response-teaching-video-neuroimages-olivary-enlargement-and-pharyngeal-nystagmus
#14
Antonio Mendez-Guerrero, Roberto Lopez-Blanco, David Uriarte-Perez de Urabayen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661896/reader-response-teaching-video-neuroimages-olivary-enlargement-and-pharyngeal-nystagmus
#15
Shakya Bhattacharjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661895/editors-note-teaching-video-neuroimages-olivary-enlargement-and-pharyngeal-nystagmus
#16
Megan Alcauskas, Steven Galetta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661119/combined-fatal-systemic-chlamydia-sp-and-aeromonas-sobria-infection-in-juvenile-siamese-crocodiles-crocodylus-siamensis
#17
Pacharee Thongkamkoon, Nopporn Tohmee, Erin K Morris, Laksanee Inamnuay, Eric D Lombardini
Chlamydial infections in crocodiles have been described in several countries and in several different species. These are typically associated with severe pharyngitis and conjunctivitis, with death occurring secondary to compromise of the upper respiratory tract due to obstruction of the trachea. A population of ranched Siamese crocodiles in central Thailand experienced an epizootic of sudden death in juvenile animals. The affected animals had fulminant systemic disease primarily involving the liver and spleen but also affecting the kidneys, heart, and the whole of the respiratory tract...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660951/effects-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-dysphagia-a-randomized-single-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Ji-Su Park, Dong-Hwan Oh, Na-Kyoung Hwang, Jung-Hoon Lee
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation has been used to improve swallowing function in neurologic patients with dysphagia, but its effect on patients with dysphagia and Parkinson's disease remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the effect of effortful swallowing combined with neuromuscular electrical stimulation as a novel treatment approach in dysphagic patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated to an experimental group (n = 9) or a placebo group (n = 9)...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659421/air-splinting-maneuver-during-flexible-bronchoscopy-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Rahul Magazine, Bharti Chogtu
BACKGROUND: Magazine's maneuver was developed for ease of insertion of the flexible bronchoscope, on encountering a closed lumen at the nasopharynx-oropharynx junction. The purposes of this study were to find the frequency of occurrence of such luminal closures and to compare the efficacy of Magazine's maneuver, with other variations of the maneuver, in improving visualization of the upper airway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients aged 18 years and above who were undergoing flexible bronchoscopy were included, and their demographic and clinical data were noted...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659153/neural-crest-and-the-patterning-of-vertebrate-craniofacial-muscles
#20
REVIEW
Janine M Ziermann, Rui Diogo, Drew M Noden
Patterning of craniofacial muscles overtly begins with the activation of lineage-specific markers at precise, evolutionarily conserved locations within prechordal, lateral, and both unsegmented and somitic paraxial mesoderm populations. Although these initial programming events occur without influence of neural crest cells, the subsequent movements and differentiation stages of most head muscles are neural crest-dependent. Incorporating both descriptive and experimental studies, this review examines each stage of myogenesis up through the formation of attachments to their skeletal partners...
April 16, 2018: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
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