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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409751/early-extubation-failure-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-clinical-outcomes-and-predictive-factors
#1
K Al-Hathlol, N Bin Saleem, M Khawaji, S Al Saif, I Abdelhakim, B Al-Hathlol, E Bazbouz, Q Al Anzi, A Al-Essa
OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinical outcomes and the potential predictive factors of early extubation failure (EEF) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: A retrospective study of VLBW infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) over five years. Neonates were intubated and mechanically ventilated on the first day of life, and early extubated within the first 3 days. EEF was defined as the need for re-intubation within 3 days of the first extubation...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298761/a-comparative-evaluation-of-ramosetron-with-ondansetron-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-undergoing-urological-procedures
#2
Samiullah Mujoo, Zulfiqar Ali, Majid Jehangir, Asif Iqbal, Nargis Qayoom, Abdul Qayoom Lone
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common problem causing distress to patients in the postoperative period. Younger age, gynecological surgeries, laparoscopic surgeries, female gender, volatile anesthetics, increased duration of anesthesia, and postoperative opioid use are associated with increased incidence of PONV. AIM: The present study was conducted to study the efficacy of ramosetron and its comparison with ondansetron in the prevention of PONV in patients undergoing pyelolithotomy, pyeloplasty, and upper ureterolithotomy...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195821/idiopathic-subglottic-stenosis-long-term-outcomes-of-open-surgical-techniques
#3
Deanna C Menapace, Mara C Modest, Dale C Ekbom, Eric J Moore, Eric S Edell, Jan L Kasperbauer
Objectives Idiopathic subglottic stenosis (iSGS) is rare, and its cause remains elusive. Treatment options include empiric medical therapy and endoscopic or open surgery. We present our results for open surgical technique. Study Design Case series with chart review (1978-2015). Setting Tertiary academic center. Subjects/Methods Thirty-three patients (32 female; median age, 51 years) met inclusion criteria and underwent cricotracheal resection with thyrotracheal anastomosis, tracheal resection with primary anastomosis, or laryngotracheoplasty with rib grafting...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179009/benefits-of-ultra-fast-track-anesthesia-in-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation-a-retrospective-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study-of-a-four-year-single-center-experience
#4
Rashad Zayat, Ares K Menon, Andreas Goetzenich, Gereon Schaelte, Ruediger Autschbach, Christian Stoppe, Tim-Philipp Simon, Lachmandath Tewarie, Ajay Moza
BACKGROUND: The use of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) has gained significant importance for treatment of end-stage heart failure. Fast-track procedures are well established in cardiac surgery, whereas knowledge of their benefits after LVAD implantation is sparse. We hypothesized that ultra-fast-track anesthesia (UFTA) with in-theater extubation or at a maximum of 4 h. after surgery is feasible in Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) level 3 and 4 patients and might prevent postoperative complications...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159731/a-prospective-multicenter-single-blind-study-assessing-indices-of-snap-ii-versus-bis-vista-on-surgical-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia
#5
Sergio D Bergese, Alberto A Uribe, Erika G Puente, R-Jay L Marcus, Randall J Krohn, Steven Docsa, Roy G Soto, Keith A Candiotti
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, anesthesiologists have relied on nonspecific subjective and objective physical signs to assess patients' comfort level and depth of anesthesia. Commercial development of electrical monitors, which use low- and high-frequency electroencephalogram (EEG) signals, have been developed to enhance the assessment of patients' level of consciousness. Multiple studies have shown that monitoring patients' consciousness levels can help in reducing drug consumption, anesthesia-related adverse events, and recovery time...
February 3, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080292/effect-of-the-endoclear-%C3%A2-device-on-biofilm-in-endotracheal-tubes
#6
James M Bardes, Dana Gray, Alison Wilson
BACKGROUND: Organisms trapped in biofilms cause more than 80% of medical infections. Significant investments are being made to develop methods of removing these biofilms. The endOclear(®) device is reported to remove biofilm from endotracheal tubes (ETTs) and to decrease pneumonia rates and ventilator time. METHODS: This was an observational study performed at a university Level 1 trauma center intensive care unit. A series of 40 ETTs were collected at extubation, with half of the patients having been treated daily with the endOclear(®) device...
April 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991022/-minimal-invasive-esophageal-resection-with-anastomosis-on-the-neck-mckeown-our-experiences-after-20-cases
#7
Elemér Mohos, Attila Nagy, György Szabados, György Réti, Tamás Kovács, Zoltán Jánó, Csaba Berki, József Mohay, Lóránt Szabó, Krisztina Bene, Gábor Bognár, Myroslav Horzov, Petra Mohos, Gábor Sándor, Gábor Tornai, Péter Szenkovits, Tibor Nagy, Csaba Orbán, Vivien Herpai
OBJECTIVE: Esophageal resection is a traumatic intervention usually performed on patients with poor condition, resulting high mortality and morbidity. To improve the high incidence of complications, minimal invasive interventions were introduced. The results of the thoracoscopically and laparoscopically performed esophageal resection (McKeown) was investigated after 20 cases and the technical details of the surgical intervention are presented. PATIENTS AND METHOD: 20 thoracoscopic esophageal resection with laparoscopic gastric tube formation (sec...
December 2016: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974112/-effect-of-early-caffeine-treatment-on-the-need-for-respirator-therapy-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#8
Qiao-Zhen Wei, Ping Su, Jin-Tian Han, Xia Zhang, Yu-Hui Duan
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of early caffeine treatment in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: A prospective controlled clinical trial was performed. A total of 59 preterm infants with RDS were enrolled and divided into a caffeine group (30 infants) and a control group (29 infants). Caffeine was administered in the caffeine group and control group at the same dosage at 12-24 hours after birth and before extubation respectively...
December 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793243/anesthesia-in-pregnant-women-with-hellp-syndrome-case-report
#9
Eduardo Barbin Zuccolotto, Eugenio Pagnussatt Neto, Glínia Cavalcante Nogueira, José Roberto Nociti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: HELLP syndrome, characterized by hemolysis, high levels of liver enzyme, and low platelet count, is an advanced clinical stage of pre-eclampsia, progressing to high maternal (24%) and perinatal (up 40%) mortality, despite childbirth care in a timely manner. The goal is to describe the anesthetic management of a case with indication to emergency cesarean. CASE REPORT: Female patient, 36 years old, gestational age of 24 weeks, with hypertensive crisis (BP 180/100mmHg) and severe headache, was admitted to the operating room for a cesarean section after diagnosis of HELLP syndrome...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660567/using-the-minimally-invasive-impella-5-0-via-the-right-subclavian-artery-cutdown-for-acute-on-chronic-decompensated-heart-failure-as-a-bridge-to-decision
#10
Aditya Bansal, Jay K Bhama, Rajan Patel, Sapna Desai, Stacy A Mandras, Hamang Patel, Tyrone Collins, John P Reilly, Hector O Ventura, P Eugene Parrino
BACKGROUND: Outcomes of traditional mechanical support paradigms (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, intraaortic balloon pump [IABP], and permanent left ventricular assist device [LVAD]) in acute decompensated heart failure have generally been suboptimal. Novel approaches, such as minimally invasive LVAD therapy (Impella 5.0 device), promise less invasive but equivalent hemodynamic support. However, it is yet unknown whether the outcomes with such devices support widespread acceptance of this new technology...
2016: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531484/-efficacy-of-the-treatment-of-pharyngeal-fistula-through-pectoralis-major-myocutaneous-flap-combined-with-fistula-local-skin-inversion-in-20-cases
#11
Q Wang, Y H Liu, G Q Hu, Y Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To sum up the efficacy of treatment of pharyngeal fistula through pectoralis major myocutaneous flap combined with fistula local skin inversion in 20 patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the therapeutic efficacy in 20 cases of laryngeal and laryngopharyngeal cancer with postoperative pharyngeal fistula, to whom double-deck repairing were operated on through pectoralis major myocutaneous island flap combined with inversion of skin around fistula from January 2010 to December 2013...
August 2016: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520076/-knee-up-test-for-easy-detection-of-postoperative-motor-deficits-following-spinal-surgery
#12
Itaru Yugué, Seiji Okada, Muneaki Masuda, Takayoshi Ueta, Takeshi Maeda, Keiichiro Shiba
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Neurologic motor deficit is a serious complication of spinal surgery. Early diagnosis of complications by neurologic examination immediately after spinal surgery is mandatory. However, patients cannot always cooperate with the physician in the very early stages of recovery. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study is to prospectively investigate the usefulness of the "knee-up test" for easy detection of postoperative motor deficits. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical study was carried out...
December 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410408/communication-of-mechanically-ventilated-patients-in-intensive-care-units
#13
Carina Isabel Ferreira Martinho, Inês Tello Rato Milheiras Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate and culturally and linguistically adapt the Ease of Communication Scale and to assess the level of communication difficulties for patients undergoing mechanical ventilation with orotracheal intubation, relating these difficulties to clinical and sociodemographic variables. METHODS: This study had three stages: (1) cultural and linguistic adaptation of the Ease of Communication Scale; (2) preliminary assessment of its psychometric properties; and (3) observational, descriptive-correlational and cross-sectional study, conducted from March to August 2015, based on the Ease of Communication Scale - after extubation answers and clinical and sociodemographic variables of 31 adult patients who were extubated, clinically stable and admitted to five Portuguese intensive care units...
June 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350350/an-overview-of-perioperative-care-for-pediatric-patients
#14
REVIEW
Sarah Derieg
Care of pediatric surgical patients is not limited to pediatric facilities, and all perioperative RNs should have a basic understanding of the specialized care that children require. This knowledge set includes an understanding of the basic terminology used to describe this patient population as well as the developmental stages of pediatric patients. Preoperatively, the nurse should conduct a thorough assessment and evaluation and address the anxieties and questions of the patient and his or her parent or guardian...
July 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311875/single-port-robotic-pelvic-bulky-lymph-node-resection-a-case-report
#15
Mete Gungor, Ozguc Takmaz, Selim Afsar, Esra Ozbasli, Savas Gundogan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report the feasibility of bulky pelvic lymph node resection with robotic-assisted single-port laparoscopy in cervical cancer before chemoradiation therapy.. DESIGN: Showing resection of pelvic bulky lymph node with a narrated video in da Vinci Single-port platform surgery. (Canadian Task Force Classification III ). PATIENT: A 46-year-old patient diagnosed with advanced stage cervical cancer (FIGO Stage IIIB) was presented with bilateral pelvic lymph node metastasis revealed by pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
June 13, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256487/treatment-of-lung-cancer-patients-with-actionable-mutations-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#16
Kathleen Kerrigan, Abigail Shoben, Gregory Otterson
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have high mortality rates in the intensive care unit (ICU). Although the benefit of chemotherapy for hematologic malignancies in the ICU has previously been explored, few data exist regarding the use of targeted therapy for NSCLC in such settings. The primary objective of the present study was to report our experience with the use of targeted therapy in patients with NSCLC in the ICU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a single-institution, retrospective medical record review...
November 2016: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27081581/endoscope-assisted-combined-supracerebellar-infratentorial-and-endoscopic-transventricular-approach-to-the-pineal-region-a-technical-note
#17
Daniel Felbaum, Hasan R Syed, Joshua E Ryan, Walter C Jean, Amjad Anaizi
Neoplasms of the pineal region comprise less than 2% of all intracranial lesions. A variety of techniques have been adapted to gain access to the pineal region. Classic approaches employ the use of the microscope. More recently, the endoscope has been utilized to improve access to such deep-seated lesions. A 62-year-old female presented with a heterogeneously enhancing lesion in the pineal region with associated hydrocephalus. On exam, the patient exhibited Parinaud's syndrome. The patient initially underwent a single burr hole endoscopic third ventriculostomy and biopsy of the lesion...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27028615/the-use-of-pre-operative-halo-traction-to-minimize-risk-for-correction-of-severe-scoliosis-in-a-patient-with-fontan-circulation-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Chris Yin Wei Chan, Chiao Yee Lim, M Shahnaz Hasan, Mun Keong Kwan
PURPOSE: Patients with Fontan circulation have increased cardio-respiratory risk during major spinal surgery. We report a case of severe scoliosis with a Cobb angle of 123.3° in a 16-year-old boy with Fontan circulation treated with single stage posterior segmental pedicle screw instrumentation and fusion. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: The use pre-operative halo-ring traction for a duration of 6 weeks in this case lead to improvement in cobb angle from 123...
May 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26975572/staged-extubation-to-manage-the-airway-after-operations-on-the-head-and-neck
#19
Eoin M Twohig, Ross Leader, Richard J Shaw, Peter Charters
Management of the airway after operations on the head and neck is potentially problematic. We describe leaving a guidewire in the trachea after successful extubation in two patients, to make reintubation easier if the airway was later compromised.
November 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26374138/longer-immediate-recovery-time-after-anesthesia-increases-risk-of-respiratory-complications-after-laparotomy-for-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial-and-a-cohort-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eliana C M Sudré, Priscila R de Batista, Yara M M Castiglia
BACKGROUND: We compared the effects of two anesthesia protocols in both immediate recovery time (IRT) and postoperative respiratory complications (PRCs) after laparotomy for bariatric surgery, and we determined the association between the longer IRT and the increase of PRC incidence. METHODS: We conducted the study in two stages: (i) in a randomized controlled trial (RCT), patients received either intervention (sevoflurane-remifentanil-rocuronium-ropivacaine) or control protocol (isoflurane-sufentanil-atracurium-levobupivacaine)...
November 2015: Obesity Surgery
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