keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pediatric medication

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434083/predictors-of-a-successful-outcome-for-infants-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-30-year-single-institution-experience
#1
Tatsuru Kaji, Kazuhiko Nakame, Seiro Machigashira, Takafumi Kawano, Ryuta Masuya, Waka Yamada, Koji Yamada, Shun Onishi, Tomoe Moriguchi, Koshiro Sugita, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Short-bowel syndrome (SBS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. We conducted this study to establish the predictors of survival and weaning off parenteral nutrition (PN). METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 16 SBS infants treated at our institution within a 30-year period. SBS was defined as a residual small-bowel length (RSBL) of <75 cm. Loss of the ileocecal valve (ICV), cholestasis (D-Bil >2.0 mg/dl), enterostomy, and RSBL were all evaluated...
April 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434051/evidence-of-a-link-between-fever-and-microscopic-hematuria-in-children
#2
Rama Schwartz, Rotem Distal, Arthur Shapiro, Yehezkel Waisman
Despite the common conception that febrile illnesses are associated with microscopic hematuria in children, a review of the literature failed to disclose supportive evidence. The aim of this study was to evaluate this relationship. Background data were collected for a convenience sample of children aged 4-18 years who presented to the emergency department (ED) of a tertiary pediatric medical center. Vital signs were measured and a midstream urine specimen was collected. Specimens positive for the presence of blood (>5 erythrocytes/μl; Combur 10 Test Strips) were examined microscopically...
April 22, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434027/can-ultrasound-be-used-as-the-primary-imaging-in-children-with-suspected-crohn-disease
#3
Timothy L Tsai, Megan B Marine, Matthew R Wanner, Matthew L Cooper, Steven J Steiner, Fangqian Ouyang, S Gregory Jennings, Boaz Karmazyn
BACKGROUND: There is growing literature on the use of ultrasound (US) for evaluation of Crohn disease in adults, but few studies have been conducted on children. Several studies demonstrated high accuracy of US in the diagnosis of Crohn disease. Using US as the primary screening imaging modality for Crohn disease can reduce health care costs, the need for sedation and ionizing radiation exposure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to determine if US can be used for screening evaluation of pediatric Crohn disease...
April 22, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433454/a-randomized-comparison-of-three-chest-compression-techniques-and-associated-hemodynamic-effect-during-infant-cpr-a-randomized-manikin-study
#4
Jacek Smereka, Lukasz Szarpak, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez, Jerzy R Ladny, Steve Leung, Kurt Ruetzler
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric cardiac arrest is an uncommon but critical life-threatening event requiring effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation. High-quality cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential, but is poorly performed, even by highly skilled healthcare providers. The recently described two-thumb chest compression technique (nTTT) consists of the two thumbs directed at the angle of 90° to the chest while having the fingers fist-clenched. This technique might facilitate adequate chest-compression depth, chest-compression rate and rate of full chest-pressure relief...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433211/adverse-events-during-a-randomized-trial-of-ketamine-versus-co-administration-of-ketamine-and-propofol-for-procedural-sedation-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#5
Keith Weisz, Lalit Bajaj, Sara J Deakyne, Lina Brou, Alison Brent, Joseph Wathen, Genie E Roosevelt
BACKGROUND: The co-administration of ketamine and propofol (CoKP) is thought to maximize the beneficial profile of each medication, while minimizing the respective adverse effects of each medication. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare adverse events between ketamine monotherapy (KM) and CoKP for procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) in a pediatric emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded, controlled trial of KM vs...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433205/federal-research-priorities-in-child-abuse-and-neglect-research-a-commentary-on-multi-site-research-networks
#6
Valerie Maholmes
The National Institutes of Health has a long history of supporting investigator initiated child abuse research, including risk-factor studies on prevalence, course and consequences of child abuse and neglect. These studies laid the ground work for prevention research as well as the development and testing of therapeutic interventions. The newly established Pediatric Trauma and Critical Illness Branch at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development represents a new opportunity to call attention to the need for greater collaboration among researchers to build on prior work, pursue complex lines of inquiry, address more medically focused research and new clinical questions that will heighten the awareness of the unique needs for treatment and care of abused children...
April 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433098/wilson-disease-in-children
#7
Eve A Roberts, Piotr Socha
Wilson disease (WD) is an inherited disorder mainly of hepatocellular copper disposition, due to dysfunction of the Wilson ATPase, a P1B-ATPase encoded by the gene ATP7B. In children, as in older age brackets, clinical disease is highly diverse. Although hepatic disease is the common presentation in children/adolescents, neurologic, psychiatric, and hematologic clinical presentations do occur. Very young children may have clinically evident liver disease due to WD. Early diagnosis, preferably when the child/adolescent is asymptomatic, is most likely to result in near-normal longevity with generally good health so long as the patient tolerates effective medication, is adherent to the lifelong treatment regimen, and has consistent access to the medication...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432402/predictors-of-missed-appointments-in-patients-referred-for-congenital-or-pediatric-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#8
Jimmy C Lu, Ray Lowery, Sunkyung Yu, Maryam Ghadimi Mahani, Prachi P Agarwal, Adam L Dorfman
BACKGROUND: Congenital cardiac magnetic resonance is a limited resource because of scanner and physician availability. Missed appointments decrease scheduling efficiency, have financial implications and represent missed care opportunities. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the rate of missed appointments and identify modifiable predictors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center retrospective study included all patients with outpatient congenital or pediatric cardiac MR appointments from Jan...
April 21, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431995/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-urachal-excision-in-children
#9
Haris Ahmed, Adam S Howe, Lori L Dyer, Ronnie G Fine, Jordan S Gitlin, Richard N Schlussel, Paul F Zelkovic, Lane S Palmer
OBJECTIVE: To report the first exclusively pediatric series of robot-assisted urachal remnant excisions in children. MATERIALS & METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of all children who underwent robot-assisted excision of urachal remnants from 2010 to 2016. For the procedure, a 3-port approach was performed in all cases. Excision of the urachus was performed, along with partial cystectomy if there was clear or suspected bladder involvement. Outcomes and complications were reviewed...
April 18, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431902/addressing-unmet-maternal-health-needs-at-a-pediatric-specialty-infant-care-clinic
#10
Matthew L Zerden, Anna Falkovich, Erin K McClain, Sarah Verbiest, Diane D Warner, Janice Kay Wereszczak, Alison Stuebe
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this intervention was to evaluate the feasibility of screening mothers of medically fragile infants in the domains of 1) depression, 2) tobacco exposure, and 3) family planning at a post-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) developmental pediatric visit. Additionally, we sought to estimate the percentage who met criteria for further evaluation in the three domains assessed. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire was administered to 100 caregivers of medically fragile infants at a specialty, post-NICU clinic visit...
April 18, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431807/rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-maxillofacial-region-in-children-and-adolescents-report-of-9-cases-and-literature-review
#11
Ioannis Iatrou, Nadia Theologie-Lygidakis, Ourania Schoinohoriti, Fotis Tzermpos, Anna-Maria Vessala
OBJECTIVE: To review clinical presentation, histology, treatment and survival for pediatric maxillofacial rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) and evaluate the role of surgical treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of medical charts. METHODS: Files of patients, treated for primary maxillofacial RMS from 1997 to 2016, were examined for clinical presentation, staging, histology, treatment protocol and complications, recurrence and final outcome...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431439/-quality-of-and-attendance-at-healthy-child-clinics-in%C3%A2-germany
#12
Alexandra Weithase, Mandy Vogel, Henriette Kiep, Sarah Schwarz, Laura Meißner, Janine Herrmann, Kristin Rieger, Christiane Koch, Volker Schuster, Wieland Kiess
Background For several years the German healthy child clinics program has been a highly appreciated preventive measure and is subject to constant development. However, attendance depends on the families' sociodemographic situation. Findings are documented in a medical checkup booklet (the so-called Gelbes Heft). Currently, there is no procedure to use the data collected for epidemiological purposes nor to evaluate the pediatric prevention measures in Germany. Methods Between 2011 and 2016, we recruited 3480 study participants for our population-based cohort study LIFE Child in Leipzig...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430755/differentiating-delirium-from-sedative-hypnotic-related-iatrogenic-withdrawal-syndrome-lack-of-specificity-in-pediatric-critical-care-assessment-tools
#13
Kate Madden, Michele M Burns, Robert C Tasker
OBJECTIVES: To identify available assessment tools for sedative/hypnotic iatrogenic withdrawal syndrome and delirium in PICU patients, the evidence supporting their use, and describe areas of overlap between the components of these tools and the symptoms of anticholinergic burden in children. DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified using PubMed and EMBASE from the earliest available date until July 3, 2016, using a combination of MeSH terms "delirium," "substance withdrawal syndrome," and key words "opioids," "benzodiazepines," "critical illness," "ICU," and "intensive care...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430083/hydrocephalus-treatment-in-children-long-term-outcome-in-975-consecutive-patients
#14
Pierre-Aurelien Beuriat, Stephanie Puget, Giuseppe Cinalli, Thomas Blauwblomme, Kevin Beccaria, Michel Zerah, Christian Sainte-Rose
OBJECTIVE Hydrocephalus remains one of the more common pathologies managed in pediatric neurosurgical units. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has an advantage over ventriculoperitoneal shunting as it enables patients to remain device free. Multiple shunt devices with various valve designs exist, with no one valve proven to be superior to another. The aim of this study was to describe the management of hydrocephalus and its long-term outcome. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients who had been treated for hydrocephalus at the Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades in the period from 1985 to 1995...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429690/-our-experience-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-vasovagal-syncope-and-inappropriate-sinus-tachycardia-in-children
#15
Sezen Ugan Atik, Reyhan Dedeoğlu, Aida Koka, Funda Öztunç
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to share our experience in the diagnosis and treatment of patients who presented at our clinic with syncope, pre-syncope, dizziness, and palpitations. STUDY DESIGN: Patients who were treated at pediatric cardiology clinic for complaints of syncope, dizziness, and palpitations between 2014 and 2016 were enrolled in the study. Detailed history of the patients, physical examination findings, laboratory and electrocardiogram results were recorded...
April 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#16
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429117/a-comparison-of-mcgrath-mac%C3%A2-and-standard-direct-laryngoscopy-in-simulated-immobilized-cervical-spine-pediatric-intubation-a-manikin-study
#17
Marcin Madziala, Jacek Smereka, Marek Dabrowski, Steve Leung, Kurt Ruetzler, Lukasz Szarpak
Emergency airway management in children is generally considered to be challenging, and endotracheal intubation requires a high level of personal skills and experience. Immobilization of the cervical spine is indicated in all patients with the risk of any cervical spine injury but significantly aggravates endotracheal intubation. The best airway device in this setting has not been established yet, although the use of videolaryngoscopes is generally promising. Seventy-five moderately experienced paramedics of the Emergency Medical Service of Poland performed endotracheal intubations in a pediatric manikin in three airway scenarios: (A) normal airway, (B) manual in-line cervical immobilization, and (C) cervical immobilization using a Patriot cervical extrication collar and using two airway techniques: (1) McGrath videolaryngoscope and (2) Macintosh blade in a randomized sequence...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428716/transition-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-perceptions-of-adults-adolescents-and-parents
#18
Norman Junge, Katarina Migal, Imeke Goldschmidt, Ulrich Baumann
AIM: To develop a locally adapted, patient-focused transition-program, we evaluated the perceptions of adult and adolescent patients and parents regarding transition-programs and transfer. METHODS: We evaluated these perceptions by analyzing the responses of pre-transfer adolescents (n = 57), their parents (n = 57) and post-transfer adults (n = 138) from a cohort of pediatric-liver-transplant-patients using a self-designed questionnaire. Furthermore, we compared a responder group with a non-responder group as well as the provided answers with baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes to exclude selection bias, characterize high-risk patients for non-adherence and test for gender differences...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427898/pharmacist-impact-on-pediatric-vaccination-errors-and-missed-opportunities-in-the-setting-of-clinical-decision-support
#19
Kelly A Wise, Sonya J Sebastian, Anna C Haas-Gehres, Melissa D Moore-Clingenpeel, Kristen E Lamberjack
OBJECTIVE: To determine pharmacist impact on vaccination errors and missed opportunities in the pediatric primary care setting with the presence of clinical decision support (CDS) by comparing a clinic with a pharmacist and CDS to a clinic with CDS alone. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of patients' electronic medical records compared vaccination errors and missed opportunities between 2 pediatric primary care clinics. SETTING: Two urban, pediatric primary care clinics were selected for the study...
April 17, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427021/risk-factors-for-learning-problems-in-youth-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures
#20
Julia Doss, Rochelle Caplan, Prabha Siddarth, Brenda Bursch, Tatiana Falcone, Marcy Forgey, Kyle Hinman, W Curt LaFrance, Rebecca Laptook, Richard Shaw, Deborah Weisbrot, Matthew Willis, Sigita Plioplys
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the risk factors for learning problems (LP) in pediatric psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) and their specificity by comparing psychopathology, medical, cognitive/linguistic/achievement, bullying history, and parent education variables between subjects with PNES with and without LP and between subjects with PNES and siblings with LP. METHODS: 55 subjects with PNES and 35 siblings, aged 8-18years, underwent cognitive, linguistic, and achievement testing, and completed somatization and anxiety sensitivity questionnaires...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
keyword
keyword
39882
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"