keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clindamycin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522362/susceptibility-of-bacterial-vaginosis-bv-associated-bacteria-to-secnidazole-compared-to-metronidazole-tinidazole-and-clindamycin
#1
Melinda A B Petrina, Lisa A Cosentino, Lorna K Rabe, Sharon L Hillier
Secnidazole, a 5-nitroimidazole with a longer half-life, is structurally related to metronidazole and tinidazole. For treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV), secnidazole is a suitable single-dose oral drug having a longer serum half-life than metronidazole. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility of vaginal isolates of facultative and anaerobic bacteria to secnidazole, metronidazole, tinidazole and clindamycin. A total of 605 unique BV-related bacteria and 108 isolates of lactobacilli recovered from the human vagina of US women during the years 2009-2015 were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility by the agar dilution CLSI reference method to determine the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC)...
May 15, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522282/quality-indicators-for-the-use-of-systemic-antibiotics-in-dentistry
#2
Rugzan Jameel Hussein, Robert Krohn, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Gerald Willms
BACKGROUND: Risks resulted from using systemic antibiotics such as increasing rates of bacterial resistance, allergy and side effects should be always weighed individually for each patient against any potential benefits. Routine antibiotic prescribing must be therefore discouraged. The Federal Joint Committee ("Gemeinsamer Bundesauschuss", G-BA) commissioned the AQUA-Institute with the development of an external quality assurance procedure, examining systemic antibiotic use in periodontal, conservative and surgical treatments in ambulatory dental health care...
May 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504616/prevalence-and-characterization-of-campylobacter-jejuni-isolated-from-retail-chicken-in-tianjin-china
#3
Hui Ma, Yulan Su, Luyao Ma, Lina Ma, Ping Li, Xinjun Du, Greta Gölz, Shuo Wang, Xiaonan Lu
Campylobacter jejuni is an important foodborne pathogen worldwide; however, there is a lack of information on the prevalence and antibiotic-resistant profile of C. jejuni in the People's Republic of China. We determined the prevalence and characteristics of C. jejuni on the retail level in Tianjin, one of the five national central cities in China. A total of 227 samples of chicken wings, legs, and breasts were collected from supermarkets and wet markets; 42 of these samples were confirmed to be positive for Campylobacter contamination...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504494/staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-carriage-and-its-antibiotic-resistance-profiles-in-children-in-high-altitude-areas-of-southwestern-china
#4
Zongrong Gong, Min Shu, Qing Xia, Shan Tan, Wei Zhou, Yu Zhu, Chaomin Wan
BACKGROUND/AIM: To describe the epidemiological profile of nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) strains, its antibiotic resistance and mecA and Panton Valentine leukocidin (PVL) genes presence, in school children residing in high altitude areas of Southwestern China. METHODS: The cross sectional study screened nasal swabs taken from students for S.aureus. PCR was performed to identify mecA and PVL genes. RESULTS: Of the total 314 children 5...
June 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504095/characterization-of-porcine-trueperella-pyogenes-by-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-maldi-tof-ms-molecular-typing-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-profiling-in-sao-paulo-state
#5
Luisa Z Moreno, Carlos E C Matajira, Barbara L P da Costa, Thais S P Ferreira, Givago F R Silva, Mauricio C Dutra, Vasco T M Gomes, Ana Paula S Silva, Ana Paula G Christ, Maria Inês Z Sato, Andrea M Moreno
Trueperella pyogenes can be found as a commensal or pathogenic bacterium among animals causing a variety of pyogenic infections in several species. The agent appears to act primarily as an opportunistic pathogen but may disseminate and produce metastatic abscesses accompanied or not by mastitis, metritis or pneumonia. In this study, 30 porcine T. pyogenes strains were identified by MALDI-TOF MS and 16S rRNA sequencing and further evaluated in relation to their resistance and genetic profiles through broth microdilution and single enzyme AFLP...
April 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499779/-treating-through-decision-and-follow-up-in-antibiotic-therapy-associated-exanthemas
#6
Axel Trautmann, Sandrine Benoit, Matthias Goebeler, Johanna Stoevesandt
BACKGROUND: Immediate discontinuation or replacement of suspected drugs is considered standard medical care in acute exanthematous skin reactions. In the treatment of bacterial infections, structurally different alternative antibiotics, however, are commonly second choice options due to a suboptimal antimicrobial activity or an unfavorable side effect profile. Nonetheless, "treating through," the continuation of antibiotic treatment despite an objective exanthema, is practiced only rarely...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497915/in-vitro-diagnostic-testing-for-antibiotic-allergy
#7
REVIEW
Inmaculada Doña, Maria J Torres, Maria I Montañez, Tahia D Fernández
Allergy to antibiotics is an important worldwide problem, with an estimated prevalence of up to 10% of the population. Reaction patterns for different antibiotics have changed in accordance with consumption trends. Most of the allergic reactions to antibiotics have been reported for betalactams, followed by quinolones and macrolides and, to a lesser extent, to others, such as metronidazole clindamycin and sulfonamides. The diagnostic procedure includes a detailed clinical history, which is not always possible and can be unreliable...
July 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495631/synthesis-and-characterization-of-ag2s-decorated-chitosan-nanocomposites-and-chitosan-nanofibers-for-removal-of-lincosamides-antibiotic
#8
Vinod Kumar Gupta, Ali Fakhri, Shilpi Agarwal, Mona Azad
We report the synthesis of Ag2S-Chitosan nanocomposites and Ag2S-chitosan nanohybrids as performance adsorbents for Lincosamides such as Clindamycin antibiotic removal. Isotherms and kinetic studies were determined to understand the adsorption behavior both two adsorbent. At low adsorbent dose, removals are increased in the adsorption process, and performance is better with Ag2S-chitosan nanohybrids due to the special surface area increased. The average sizes and surface area of Ag2S-Chitosan nanocomposites and Ag2S-chitosan nanohybrids were found as 50nm, 70nm and 180...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492106/higher-risk-of-revision-for-infection-using-systemic-clindamycin-prophylaxis-than-with-cloxacillin
#9
Otto Robertsson, Olof Thompson, Annette W-Dahl, Martin Sundberg, Lars Lidgren, Anna Stefánsdóttir
Background and purpose - Clindamycin has not been compared with other antibiotics for prophylaxis in arthroplasty. Since 2009, the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register (SKAR) has been collecting information on the prophylactic antibiotic regime used at every individual operation. In Sweden, when there is allergy to penicillin, clindamycin has been the recommended alternative. We examined whether there were differences in the rate of revision due to infection depending on which antibiotic was used as systemic prophylaxis...
May 11, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490487/bifidobacterium-bacteremia-clinical-characteristics-and-a-genomic-approach-to-assess-pathogenicity
#10
Eirin Esaiassen, Erik Hjerde, Jorunn Pauline Cavanagh, Gunnar Skov Simonsen, Claus Klingenberg
Bifidobacteria are commensals that colonize the orogastrointestinal tract, and rarely cause invasive human infections. However, an increasing number of bifidobacterial blood culture isolates has lately been observed in Norway. In order to investigate the pathogenicity of Bifidobacterium species responsible for bacteremia, we studied Bifidobacterium isolates from 15 patients with a positive blood culture obtained during 2013 to 2015. We collected clinical data and analyzed phenotypic and genotypic antibiotic susceptibility...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484782/necrotizing-fasciitis-treatment-concepts-and-clinical-results
#11
M Leiblein, I Marzi, A L Sander, J H Barker, F Ebert, J Frank
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis is a life-threatening soft tissue infection characterized by a rapid spreading infection of the subcutaneous tissue and in particular the fascia. The management of infected tissues requires a rapid diagnosis, immediate aggressive surgical management and an extended debridement. In some cases early amputations of the affected tissues and maximum intensive care treatment, in case of sepsis, are required. Due to a rising number of cases we aimed to evaluate our patients in a retrospective review...
May 8, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484429/protective-effect-of-carvacrol-against-gut-dysbiosis-and-clostridium-difficile-associated-disease-in-a-mouse-model
#12
Shankumar Mooyottu, Genevieve Flock, Abhinav Upadhyay, Indu Upadhyaya, Kendra Maas, Kumar Venkitanarayanan
This study investigated the effect of carvacrol (CR), a phytophenolic compound on antibiotic-associated gut dysbiosis and C. difficile infection in a mouse model. Five to six-week-old C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into seven treatment groups (challenge and control) of eight mice each. Mice were fed with irradiated feed supplemented with CR (0, 0.05, and 0.1%); the challenge groups were made susceptible to C. difficile by orally administering an antibiotic cocktail in water and an intra-peritoneal injection of clindamycin...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482183/community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-carrying-sccmec-type-iv-and-v-isolated-from-healthy-children-attending-public-daycares-in-northeastern-brazil
#13
Suzi P de Carvalho, Jéssica B de Almeida, Yasmin M F S Andrade, Lucas S C da Silva, Arianne C de Oliveira, Flávia S Nascimento, Guilherme B Campos, Márcio V Oliveira, Jorge Timenetsky, Lucas M Marques
Nasal colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have increasingly been reported in healthy communities. This study aimed to assess the rate of S. aureus in general and MRSA in particular from nasal secretion of children in daycare centers in Vitória da Conquista, Brazil. The isolates were identified based on morphology, biochemical tests and by PCR. Detection of virulence genes, biofilm production, and susceptibility test by disk diffusion agar were performed. MRSA isolates were characterized by spa, SCCmec, and multilocus sequence typing (MLST)...
May 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480241/high-incidence-of-invasive-group-a-streptococcal-infections-in-remote-indigenous-communities-in-northwestern-ontario-canada
#14
Natalie Bocking, Cai-Lei Matsumoto, Kassandra Loewen, Sarah Teatero, Alex Marchand-Austin, Janet Gordon, Nahuel Fittipaldi, Allison McGeer
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, indigenous populations appear to be at increased risk for invasive group A streptococcal (iGAS) infections. Although there is empirical evidence that the burden of iGAS disease is significant among remote First Nations communities in Northwestern Ontario, Canada, the epidemiology of iGAS infections in the area remains poorly characterized. METHODS: Individuals that met case definition for iGAS disease and whose laboratory specimens were processed by Meno Ya Win Health Centre in Sioux Lookout, Canada or who were reported to Thunder Bay District Health Unit, Canada were identified for the period 2009 to 2014...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479255/benzoyl-peroxide-and-clindamycin-topical-skin-preparation-decreases-propionibacterium-acnes-colonization-in-shoulder-arthroscopy
#15
Hailey H Dizay, Diana G Lau, Wesley M Nottage
BACKGROUND: Propionibacterium acnes is a gram-positive anaerobe that can lead to devastating postoperative shoulder infections. The objective of this study was to investigate whether a benzoyl peroxide and clindamycin preoperative skin preparation reduces the incidence of P. acnes colonization during shoulder arthroscopy. METHODS: Sixty-five shoulder arthroscopy patients were prospectively enrolled. A skin culture specimen was taken at the preoperative visit from standard arthroscopic portal sites...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479139/from-clsi-to-eucast-guidelines-in-the-interpretation-of-antimicrobial-susceptibility-what-is-the-effect-in-our-setting
#16
Antonia Sánchez-Bautista, Javier Coy, Patricia García-Shimizu, Juan Carlos Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: Implementation of the breakpoints established in the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) guidelines in comparison with those of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) means that the criteria for interpreting the susceptibility of some antimicrobials have been modified, resulting in changes in the reports of accumulated antibiotic susceptibility. METHODS: The effect of applying EUCAST breakpoints in 10,359 clinical isolates of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus spp...
May 4, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476706/management-of-antibiotic-associated-pseudomembranous-colitis-in-non-hospitalized-and-hospitalized-patients
#17
Chun-Feng Tian, Bai-Yu Su, Yu-Juan Li, Yu-Hong Tong, Xu-Hong Zhao, Jian-Ying Liang, Shun-Bao Li, Bu-Lang Gao
Proper management of antibiotic-associated pseudo membranous colitis is not clear. This article is to investigate proper treatment of antibiotic-associated pseudo membranous colitis. Data of 67 patients (aged 18-69 years, with 31 males and 46 females) with antibiotic-associated pseudo membranous colitis were retrospectively analyzed including the demography, antibiotics to induce and for treatment of the pseudo membranous colitis, and other supportive measures. All 67 patients had a positive cytotoxin test, which confirmed the pseudo membranous colitis...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472599/peri-prosthetic-knee-infection-management-spacers-loaded-with-two-or-three-antibiotic-agents
#18
David Joaquin Ortola, Domenico Fenga, Sandra Marcellino, Massimiliano Rosi, Francesco Centofanti, Michele Attilio Rosa
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this work was to compare pre-made antibiotic-loaded spacers with two commercially available antibiotic agents and custom-made cements with three antibiotic agents added. We evaluated: (a) the validity of our procedures, (b) the control of the rate of infection in the long term, (c) complications, and (d) quality of life and patient satisfaction. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 112 consecutively treated patients between January 2010 and December 2013; 56 patients were treated with a pre-formed cement spacer (clindamycin + gentamicin), and 56 patients were treated with a spacer loaded with three antibiotic agents (clindamycin + gentamicin + vancomycin)...
May 4, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471867/daptomycin-use-in-children-experience-with-various-types-of-infection-and-age-groups
#19
George A Syrogiannopoulos, Aspasia N Michoula, Efthimia Petinaki, Ioanna N Grivea
BACKGROUND: In Greece, there are high rates of methicillin (40-60%) and clindamycin (15-25%) resistance among community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus isolates. Therefore, we sought to identify other antimicrobial treatment options such as daptomycin. METHODS: We studied retrospectively all pediatric infections treated with daptomycin at the University General Hospital of Larissa, Greece from January 1, 2007 to June 16, 2016. RESULTS: Of a total of 128 patients (median age 2...
May 3, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470337/synergistic-activity-of-synthetic-n-terminal-peptide-of-human-lactoferrin-in-combination-with-various-antibiotics-against-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-strains
#20
P Morici, W Florio, C Rizzato, E Ghelardi, A Tavanti, G M Rossolini, A Lupetti
The spread of multi-drug resistant (MDR) Klebsiella pneumoniae strains producing carbapenemases points to a pressing need for new antibacterial agents. To this end, the in-vitro antibacterial activity of a synthetic N-terminal peptide of human lactoferrin, further referred to as hLF1-11, was evaluated against K. pneumoniae strains harboring different carbapenemase genes (i.e. OXA-48, KPC-2, KPC-3, VIM-1), with different susceptibility to colistin and other antibiotics, alone or in combination with conventional antibiotics (gentamicin, tigecycline, rifampicin, clindamycin, and clarithromycin)...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
39875
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"