keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clindamycin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810997/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-saudi-arabian-soldier-stationed-in-the-united-states
#1
Kelly Laurent, Jason Susong, Eric Fillman, Simon Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a common parasitic disease seen in many parts of the world, especially in areas where current U.S. and international forces are deployed. Approximately 350 million people are thought to be at risk of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) with an annual incidence of 1.5 million cases. Over 90% of cutaneous infections with Leishmania occur in the Middle East, Brazil, and Peru. Outbreaks of CL may occur in military personnel deployed to endemic areas. Since the incubation period for symptomatic CL ranges from weeks to months, symptoms may not appear until well after returning to the United States...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803587/the-rise-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-now-the-dominant-cause-of-skin-and-soft-tissue-infection-in-central-australia
#2
E Macmorran, S Harch, E Athan, S Lane, S Tong, L Crawford, S Krishnaswamy, S Hewagama
This study aimed to examine the epidemiology and treatment outcomes of community-onset purulent staphylococcal skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) in Central Australia. We performed a prospective observational study of patients hospitalised with community-onset purulent staphylococcal SSTI (n = 160). Indigenous patients accounted for 78% of cases. Patients were predominantly young adults; however, there were high rates of co-morbid disease. Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) was the dominant phenotype, accounting for 60% of cases...
August 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794364/an-ineffective-differential-diagnosis-of-infective-endocarditis-and-rheumatic-heart-disease-after-streptococcal-skin-and-soft-tissue-infection
#3
Tetsuya Suzuki, Momoko Mawatari, Toshihiko Iizuka, Tatsuya Amano, Satoshi Kutsuna, Yoshihiro Fujiya, Nozomi Takeshita, Kayoko Hayakawa, Norio Ohmagari
We herein report the case of a 68-year-old woman with a skin and soft tissue infection at her extremities. The blood culture results were positive for Streptococcus pyogenes, and we started treatment using ampicillin and clindamycin, although subsequent auscultation revealed a new-onset heart murmur. We therefore suspected rheumatic heart disease and infective endocarditis. The case met both the Jones criteria and the modified Duke criteria. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed vegetation on the aortic valve, although the pathological findings were also compatible with both rheumatic heart disease and infective endocarditis...
August 10, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783867/absence-of-effect-of-intravaginal-miconazole-clindamycin-nonoxynol-9-and-tampons-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-an-anastrozole-levonorgestrel-intravaginal-ring
#4
Rüdiger Nave, Stefan Klein, André Müller, Xinying Chang, Joachim Höchel
A study was performed to investigate the effect of an intravaginally administered antimycotic, an antibiotic, and a spermicide plus the co-usage of tampons on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of levonorgestrel (LNG) and anastrozole (ATZ) administered as an intravaginal ring (IVR) releasing 1050 μg ATZ per day and 40 μg LNG per day. In this parallel-group, randomized, open-label study, healthy premenopausal women received an IVR as the main treatment. Comedications were administered on 3 consecutive evenings during treatment with IVR on days 9-11 (group A, 400 mg miconazole; group B, 100 mg clindamycin; group C, 75 mg nonoxynol-9); tampon co-usage (group D) was performed on days 20-23...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771160/staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-wastewater-treatment-plants-in-tunisia-occurrence-of-human-and-animal-associated-lineages
#5
Meriam Ben Said, Mohamed Salah Abbassi, Paula Gómez, Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Senda Sghaier, Chourouk Ibrahim, Carmen Torres, Abdennaceur Hassen
The objective was to characterize Staphylococcus aureus isolated from two wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) located in Tunis City (Tunisia), during the period 2014-2015. Genetic lineages, antibiotic resistance mechanisms and virulence factors were determined for the recovered isolates. S. aureus isolates were recovered from 12 of the 62 wastewater samples tested (19.35%), and one isolate/sample was characterized, all of them being methicillin-susceptible (MSSA). Six spa types (t587, t674, t224, t127, t701 and t1534) were found among the 12 isolates, and the spa-t587, associated with the new sequence type ST3245, was the most predominant one (7 isolates)...
August 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771129/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-mrsa-nasal-colonization-among-persons-experiencing-homelessness-in-boston-ma
#6
Jessica H Leibler, Casey León, Lena J P Cardoso, Jennifer C Morris, Nancy S Miller, Daniel D Nguyen, Jessie M Gaeta
Homeless individuals face an elevated risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. Identifying the prevalence and risk factors for MRSA nasal colonization may reduce infection risk. A cross-sectional study was conducted at a health clinic for homeless persons in Boston, MA, USA (n=194). In-person interviews and nasal swab specimens were collected. MRSA isolates were genotyped using pulse-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and assessed for antibiotic susceptibility. The prevalence of MRSA nasal colonization was 8...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768452/aetiology-and-clinical-features-of-facial-cellulitis-a-prospective-study
#7
Eivind Rath, Steinar Skrede, Haima Mylvaganam, Trond Bruun
BACKGROUND: In the early 20th century, the face was the predominant site of cellulitis. Despite a relative decrease in the incidence of facial cellulitis, it is still common. There are few studies on this condition during the last decades. The aim of this study was to describe contemporary aetiological and clinical characteristics of patients admitted to hospital with non-suppurative facial cellulitis. METHODS: Patients were included prospectively. Clinical details, comorbidities and biochemistry results were recorded...
August 2, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766800/allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-clindamycin-mimicking-retinoid-flare
#8
Paolo Romita, Grazia Ettorre, Monica Corazza, Alessandro Borghi, Caterina Foti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763427/safety-of-outpatient-parenteral-antimicrobial-therapy-in-children
#9
Priyanka Fernandes, Carly Milliren, Helen M Mahoney-West, Laura Schwartz, Catherine S Lachenauer, Mari M Nakamura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) provides numerous benefits but may pose unique risks in children. We aimed to determine rates of OPAT antimicrobial- and intravenous-access-related complications and their associations with specific antimicrobials and type of intravenous access in pediatric patients. METHODS: Observational cohort study of patients receiving OPAT from 8/2008 to 5/2015 cared for by the Infectious Diseases service at a tertiary children's hospital...
July 31, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762439/antibiotic-abuse-during-endodontic-treatment-in-private-dental-centers
#10
Mothanna K AlRahabi, Ziad A Abuong
We evaluated antibiotic prescription practices during root canal treatments among general dentists in private dental clinics in Al-Madinah Al Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A self-administered, questionnaire about antibiotic used during root canal treatment was distributed to 75 randomly selected general dental practitioners working in private dental clinics in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia, between March and April 2016. The questionnaires were collected one week later. To compare results of the collected data, Chi-square test was used...
August 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755457/randomized-controlled-crossover-trial-of-prevention-of-clindamycin-induced-gastrointestinal-signs-using-a-synbiotic-in-healthy-research-cats
#11
J E Stokes, J M Price, J C Whittemore
BACKGROUND: Synbiotics often are prescribed to limit antibiotic-associated gastrointestinal signs (AAGS) in cats, but data to support this recommendation are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether synbiotic co-administration mitigates AAGS in healthy research cats treated with clindamycin. ANIMALS: 16 healthy research cats. METHODS: A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, 2-way, 2-period, crossover study with a 6-week washout was performed...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755261/acinetobacter-pittii-an-emerging-new-multi-drug-resistant-fish-pathogen-isolated-from-diseased-blunt-snout-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala-yih-in-china
#12
Jie Li, Jinglong Cao, Xu Wang, Ning Liu, Weimin Wang, Yi Luo
Despite the reason that genus Acinetobacter works as a grave human pathogen, very few numbers of researches have been done so that term it as a pathogen in respect to fish. As per the current study, isolation of three pathogenic bacterial strains was carried out from infected blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala Yih), from a farm in Yixing city, Jiangsu province, China, which displayed symptoms like tail-rot, shedding scales and ascites in addition to gentle ulceration on the entire body regardless of size and sex of fish...
July 28, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754406/antibiotic-use-in-2016-by-members-of-the-american-association-of-endodontists-report-of-a-national-survey
#13
Mark Germack, Christine M Sedgley, Wael Sabbah, Brian Whitten
INTRODUCTION: This study surveyed the antibiotic prescribing practices of endodontists, and data were compared with previous surveys conducted in 1994 and 1999. METHODS: A 17-question survey was sent via www.surveymonkey.com to 3000 active members of the American Association of Endodontists for responses about antibiotic prescribing practices and demographics. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, and linear regression analyses...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752505/amoxicillin-mit-clavulans%C3%A3-ure-%C3%A2-standardantibiotikum-im-allgemeinzahn%C3%A3-rztlichen-alltag
#14
Claudio Rostetter, Jan Schenkel, Martin Rücker, Heinz-Theo Lübbers
This script gives a pragmatic advice for general dentists on accurate use of amoxicillin with clavulanic acid considering current literature at acute inflammatory disease. In absence of contraindications a twice daily formulation of 1g amoxicillin with clavulanic acid is the first choice for concomitant therapy after treating the cause of inflammation or prophylaxis. Compared to clindamycin the concentration of amoxicillin in teeth and bone (Hallig 2014) is higher and has less gastrointestinal side-effects (Bax 2007)...
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751155/primary-lung-abscess-caused-by-staphylococcus-lugdunensis
#15
Deng-Wei Chou, Chao-Tai Lee
Staphylococcus lugdunensis, a strain of coagulase-negative staphylococci, is part of the normal flora of human skin but can cause multiple infections at various sites. This microorganism has emerged as a major human pathogen. However, no study has reported primary lung abscess caused by S. lugdunensis. A 54-year-old alcoholic man without relevant past medical history was admitted because of primary lung abscesses. Empirical amoxicillin/clavulanate therapy was initially administered; however, the patient had persistent pleuritic chest pain and fever...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744691/safety-of-intravitreal-clindamycin-in-albino-rabbit-eyes
#16
Zohar Habot-Wilner, Orit Mazza, Jonathan Shahar, Amir Massarweh, Irit Mann, Anat Loewenstein, Ido Perlman
PURPOSE: To study the potential toxic effects of intravitreal clindamycin on the retina of albino rabbits, by assessing functional and morphological retinal changes. METHODS: Eight albino rabbits were included in the study. In each rabbit, 1 mg/0.1 ml clindamycin was injected into the vitreous of the right (experimental) eye, and 0.1 ml saline was injected into the vitreous of the left (control) eye. The electroretinogram (ERG) was recorded before injection, 3 days, 1, 2, and 4 weeks post-injection...
July 25, 2017: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741151/probiotic-characteristics-of-lactobacillus-curvatus-dn317-a-strain-isolated-from-chicken-ceca
#17
Mohamed Zommiti, Nathalie Connil, Jeannette Ben Hamida, Mounir Ferchichi
The probiotic characteristics of Lactobacillus curvatus DN317, a strain isolated from chicken ceca, were evaluated. This strain was selected for study from the isolated Lactobacillus strains because it has specific anti-microbial activity against Campylobacter jejuni ATCC 33560, Camp. jejuni NCTC 11168, Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644, and Bacillus subtilis ATCC 8633. Lact. curvatus DN317 showed an auto-aggregation percentage of 72% and presented the highest co-aggregation with Lact. monocytogenes ATCC 7644 (68%) compared to B...
July 24, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739228/listeria-monocytogenes-in-raw-milk-milking-equipment-and-dairy-workers-molecular-characterization-and-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns
#18
Asmaa B M B Tahoun, Rasha M M Abou Elez, Eman N Abdelfatah, Ibrahim Elsohaby, Attia A El-Gedawy, Ahmed M Elmoslemany
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic relatedness and patterns of antimicrobial resistance amongst L. monocytogenes isolated from raw milk, milking equipment, and hand swabs from workers in dairy farms. METHODS: A total of 300 samples of raw milk, milking equipment, and hand swabs were collected from four dairy farms to examine the presence of Listeria species. Suspected isolates were further identified by VITEK-2 system and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736259/molecular-epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-clostridium-difficile-isolated-from-the-chinese-people-s-liberation-army-general-hospital-in-china
#19
Rui Wang, Hui Xia Chen, Lin Jian Song, Yue Yun Shen, Yan Ping Luo
Clostridium difficile is a gram-positive, spore-forming obligate anaerobe responsible for antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Its virulence is associated with the production of endotoxins A and B and endospores, which can cause symptoms, such as diarrhea, toxic megacolon and pseudomembranous colitis. Given the increasing elderly population and the well-recognized problem of over-prescribing of broad spectrum antibiotics, it is critical to understand molecular epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibility in China...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735311/erythromycin-or-clindamycin-is-it-still-an-empirical-therapy-against-streptococcus-agalactiae-in-patients-allergic-to-penicillin
#20
Piotr Leszczyński, Beata Sokół-Leszczyńska, Bronisława Pietrzak, Anna Sawicka-Grzelak, Mirosław Wielgoś
Retrospective analysis of Streptococcus agalactiae antibiotic susceptibility isolated in 2010-2013 was performed. Penicillin was still the first-line antibiotic. Due to the high percentage of strains resistant to erythromycin and clindamycin empirical treatment with these antibiotics may not be effective. Lower resistance rate to erythromycin and clindamycin among strains isolated from infected pregnant women and newborns were observed than among strains isolated from samples from patients hospitalized in other departments (29% and 47% v...
July 6, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
keyword
keyword
39875
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"