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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895485/adhd-and-present-hedonism-time-perspective-as-a-potential-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-tool
#1
REVIEW
S Weissenberger, M Klicperova-Baker, P Zimbardo, K Schonova, D Akotia, J Kostal, M Goetz, J Raboch, R Ptacek
The article draws primarily from the behavioral findings (mainly psychiatric and psychological observations) and points out the important relationships between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and time orientation. Specifically, the authors argue that there is a significant overlap between the symptoms of ADHD and Present Hedonism. Present Hedonism is defined by Zimbardo's time perspective theory and assessed by Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. Developmental data on Present Hedonism of males and females in the Czech population sample (N=2201) are also presented...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866153/exploring-personality-and-readiness-to-change-in-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-with-and-without-adhd
#2
L Flores-García, E Ytterstad, M B Lensing, M Eisemann
OBJECTIVE: To explore personality and readiness to change among substance use disorders (SUD) patients with and without ADHD. METHOD: SUD + ADHD versus SUD - ADHD patients consecutively entering treatment between 2010 and 2012 were compared concerning personality (Temperament and Character Inventory) and readiness to change (Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale). RESULTS: Among 103 SUD patients (76 men, age M = 43.3, SD = 11...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859666/effectiveness-of-atomoxetine-and-methylphenidate-for-problematic-online-gaming-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
Jeong Ha Park, Young Sik Lee, Ji Hyun Sohn, Doug Hyun Han
OBJECTIVE: There is a high prevalence of problematic online gaming in adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In the current study, we compared the effectiveness of atomoxetine (ATM) and methylphenidate (MPH) on problematic online gaming in adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: We recruited 86 adolescents diagnosed with ADHD together with Internet gaming disorder. These participants were divided into two treatment groups: 44 participants were treated with MPH for 12 weeks, and 42 participants were treated with ATM for 12 weeks...
November 2016: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842945/addiction-severity-pattern-associated-with-adult-and-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-patients-with-addictions
#4
Melina Fatséas, Hortense Hurmic, Fuschia Serre, Romain Debrabant, Jean-Pierre Daulouède, Cécile Denis, Marc Auriacombe
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is highly prevalent among adults with addictive disorders, but little is known about addiction patterns associated with ADHD diagnosis. This study examined addiction severity in patients with co-occurring addictive disorders and ADHD controlling for the potential influence of associated psychiatric comorbidity. Data were collected in French outpatient addiction treatment centers. A total of 217 patients seeking treatment for substance or gambling addiction were included...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824233/cigarette-smoking-and-adhd-an-examination-of-prognostically-relevant-smoking-behaviors-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#5
Jessica D Rhodes, William E Pelham, Elizabeth M Gnagy, Saul Shiffman, Karen J Derefinko, Brooke S G Molina
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with health risks in adolescence which includes the potential for smoking cigarettes, early smoking initiation, and rapid progression to daily smoking. Much less is known, however, about prognostically relevant smoking behaviors among individuals with childhood ADHD. Further research in this area is important for identifying individuals at pronounced risk for nicotine addiction, and for developing effective interventions for this population. This study examined initiation of cigarette smoking, progression to regular smoking, quantity of use, indicators of tobacco dependence, and quit rates among adolescents and young adults with (n = 364) and without (n = 240) childhood ADHD...
August 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782808/compuls-design-of-a-multicenter-phenotypic-cognitive-genetic-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study-in-children-with-compulsive-syndromes
#6
Jilly Naaijen, Saskia de Ruiter, Marcel P Zwiers, Jeffrey C Glennon, Sarah Durston, David J Lythgoe, Steven C R Williams, Tobias Banaschewski, Daniel Brandeis, Barbara Franke, Jan K Buitelaar
BACKGROUND: Compulsivity, the closely linked trait impulsivity and addictive behaviour are associated with several neurodevelopmental disorders, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). All three disorders show impaired fronto-striatal functioning, which may be related to altered glutamatergic signalling. Genetic factors are also thought to play an important role in the aetiology of compulsivity-related disorders...
October 26, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766464/calorie-intake-and-gambling-is-fat-and-sugar-consumption-impulsive
#7
Samuel R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
Excessive calorie intake constitutes a global public health concern, due to its associated range of untoward outcomes. Gambling is commonplace and gambling disorder is now considered a behavioral addiction in DSM-5. The relationships between calorie intake, gambling, and other types of putatively addictive and impulsive behaviors have received virtually no research attention. Two-hundred twenty-five young adults who gamble were recruited from two Mid-Western university communities in the United States using media advertisements...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751959/function-of-brain-%C3%AE-2b-adrenergic-receptor-characterized-with-subtype-selective-%C3%AE-2b-antagonist-and-ko-mice
#8
Lauren Luhrs, Cynthia Manlapaz, Karen Kedzie, Sandhya Rao, Sara Cabrera-Ghayouri, John Donello, Daniel Gil
Noradrenergic signaling, through the α2A and α2C adrenergic receptors modulates the cognitive and behavioral symptoms of disorders such as schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and addiction. However, it is unknown whether the α2B receptor has any significant role in CNS function. The present study elucidates the potential role of the α2B receptor in CNS function via the discovery and use of the first subtype-selective α2B antagonist (AGN-209419), and behavioral analyses of α-receptor knockout (KO) mice...
December 17, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749976/adolescents-with-internet-gaming-disorder-igd-profiles-and-treatment-response
#9
María Martín-Fernández, Josep Lluís Matalí, Sara García-Sánchez, Marta Pardo, María Lleras, Carmina Castellano-Tejedor
Demand for treatment for problems related to the use of video games have increased significantly in adolescents. Most cases have a comorbid mental disorder that jeopardises both pathologies. The aim of this study is to describe profiles of adolescents with Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) according to comorbidity and analyze treatment response at 3 and 6 months. A sample of 86 patients which consulted in the Addictive Behavior Unit of a hospital was assessed with diagnostic criteria for IGD, the interview K-SADS-PL for mental disorders and the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) to treatment progress...
September 29, 2016: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749975/profiles-of-drug-addicts-in-relation-to-personality-variables-and-disorders
#10
María Carou, Estrella Romero, Mª Ángeles Luengo
In recent decades, research has identified a set of impulsive/disinhibited personality variables closely associated with drug addiction. As well as this, disorders linked with these variables, such as ADHD and personality disorders, are being closely studied in the field of drug addiction. Although much knowledge has been accumulated about the relation of these variables and disorders taken separately, less is known about how these constructs allow identify-specific profiles within the drug dependent population to be identified...
October 7, 2016: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703776/a-cross-sectional-study-of-problem-gambling-and-its-correlates-among-college-students-in-south-india
#11
Sanju George, Jaisoorya Ts, Sivasankaran Nair, Anjana Rani, Priya Menon, Revamma Madhavan, Jeevan Chakkandan Rajan, Komath Sankaran Radhakrishnan, Vineeta Jose, Vivek Benegal, K Thennarasu, Nancy M Petry
BACKGROUND: In the Western world, a significant portion of college students have gambled. College gamblers have one of the highest rates of problem gambling. To date, there have been no studies on gambling participation or the rates of problem gambling in India. AIMS: This study evaluated the prevalence of gambling participation and problem gambling in college students in India. It also evaluated demographic and psychosocial correlates of gambling in that population...
May 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666382/suboptimal-maternal-diets-alter-mu-opioid-receptor-and-dopamine-type-1-receptor-binding-but-exert-no-effect-on-dopamine-transporters-in-the-offspring-brain
#12
Panayotis K Thanos, Jianmin Zhuo, Lisa Robison, Ronald Kim, Mala Ananth, Ilon Choai, Adam Grunseich, Nicola M Grissom, Robert George, Foteini Delis, Teresa M Reyes
Birthweight is a marker for suboptimal fetal growth and development in utero. Offspring can be born large for gestational age (LGA), which is linked to maternal obesity or excessive gestational weight gain, as well as small for gestational age (SGA), arising from nutrient or calorie deficiency, placental dysfunction, or other maternal conditions (hypertension, infection). In humans, LGA and SGA babies are at an increased risk for certain neurodevelopmental disorders, including Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, schizophrenia, and social and mood disorders...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610420/low-resolution-electromagnetic-tomography-loreta-of-changed-brain-function-provoked-by-pro-dopamine-regulator-kb220z-in-one-adult-adhd-case
#13
Bruce Steinberg, Kenneth Blum, Thomas McLaughlin, Joel Lubar, Marcelo Febo, Eric R Braverman, Rajendra D Badgaiyan
Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often continues into adulthood. Recent neuroimaging studies found lowered baseline dopamine tone in the brains of affected individuals that may place them at risk for Substance Use Disorder (SUD). This is an observational case study of the potential for novel management of Adult ADHD with a non-addictive glutaminergic-dopaminergic optimization complex KB200z. Low-resolution electromagnetic tomography (LORETA) was used to evaluate the effects of KB220z on a 72-year-old male with ADHD, at baseline and one hour following administration...
2016: Open Journal of Clinical & Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579475/cadherin-13-human-cis-regulation-and-selectively-altered-addiction-phenotypes-and-cerebral-cortical-dopamine-in-knockout-mice
#14
Jana Drgonova, Donna Walther, G Luke Hartstein, Mohammad O Bukhari, Michael H Baumann, Jonathan Katz, Frank Scott Hall, Elizabeth R Arnold, Shaun Flax, Anthony Riley, Olga Rivero-Martin, Klaus-Peter Lesch, Juan Troncoso, Barbara Ranscht, George R Uhl
The cadherin 13 (CDH13) gene encodes a cell adhesion molecule likely to influence development and connections of brain circuits that modulate addiction, locomotion and cognition, including those that involve midbrain dopamine neurons. Human CDH13 mRNA expression differs by more than 80% in postmortem cerebral cortical samples from individuals with different CDH13 genotypes, supporting examination of mice with altered Cdh13 expression as models for common human variation at this locus. Constitutive cdh13 knockout mice display evidence for changed cocaine reward: shifted dose response relationship in tests of cocaine-conditioned place preference using doses that do not alter cocaine conditioned taste aversion...
August 18, 2016: Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574527/associations-between-polygenic-risk-for-psychiatric-disorders-and-substance-involvement
#15
Caitlin E Carey, Arpana Agrawal, Kathleen K Bucholz, Sarah M Hartz, Michael T Lynskey, Elliot C Nelson, Laura J Bierut, Ryan Bogdan
Despite evidence of substantial comorbidity between psychiatric disorders and substance involvement, the extent to which common genetic factors contribute to their co-occurrence remains understudied. In the current study, we tested for associations between polygenic risk for psychiatric disorders and substance involvement (i.e., ranging from ever-use to severe dependence) among 2573 non-Hispanic European-American participants from the Study of Addiction: Genetics and Environment. Polygenic risk scores (PRS) for cross-disorder psychopathology (CROSS) were generated based on the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium's Cross-Disorder meta-analysis and then tested for associations with a factor representing general liability to alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, nicotine, and opioid involvement (GENSUB)...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573254/internet-addiction-and-self-evaluated-adhd-traits-among-japanese-college-students
#16
Masaru Tateno, Alan R Teo, Tomohiro Shirasaka, Masaya Tayama, Motoki Watabe, Takahiro A Kato
AIM: Internet addiction (IA), also referred to as internet use disorder, is a serious problem all over the world, especially in Asian countries. Severe IA in students may be linked to academic failure, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and forms of social withdrawal such as hikikomori. In this study, we performed a survey to investigate the relation between IA and ADHD symptoms among college students. METHODS: Severity of IA and ADHD traits were assessed by self-report scales...
August 30, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507735/factors-associated-with-internet-addiction-a-cross-sectional-study-among-turkish-adolescents
#17
Sezen Seyrek, Esra Cop, Hayati Sinir, Mehmet Ugurlu, Saliha Şenel
BACKGROUND: To investigate the prevalence of internet addiction and relationship between socio-demographic characteristics, depression, anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, and internet addiction in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional school-based study with a representative sample of 468 students aged 12-17 years at the first trimester of education year in 2013. The students were assessed through the Young's Internet Addiction Scale, Children's Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Conners Parent Rating Scale, Conners Teacher Rating Scale, Hollingshead-Redlich Scale, and the information form including characteristics of internet use, socio-economical status...
August 10, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500456/prevalence-correlates-psychiatric-comorbidities-and-suicidality-in-a-community-population-with-problematic-internet-use
#18
Byung-Soo Kim, Sung Man Chang, Jee Eun Park, Su Jeong Seong, Seung Hee Won, Maeng Je Cho
We examined the prevalence, correlates, and psychiatric comorbidities of community-dwelling subjects with problematic Internet use (PIU). In an epidemiological survey of mental disorders among Korean adults conducted in 2006, 6510 subjects (aged 18-64 years) completed the Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV psychiatric disorders; Diagnostic Interview Schedule exploring pathological gambling; Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale-Version 1.1 Screener; questionnaire for sleep disturbances; and questionnaire for suicidal ideations, plans, and attempts...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492359/substance-related-and-addictive-disorders-connect-adhd-with-catastrophic-life-events-a-mini-review
#19
Kouichi Yoshimasu
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the role of substance-related and addictive disorders (SRAD) that lead patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to suicide and homicide (catastrophic events). METHOD: Relevant articles were searched via PubMed using several keywords related to this issue. Most of the articles included in this review were published after 2000. RESULTS: Patients with ADHD often fall into crises of catastrophic life events such as suicide or homicide...
August 2, 2016: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487975/comparative-study-of-the-effects-of-bupropion-and-escitalopram-on-internet-gaming-disorder
#20
Jinuk Song, Jeong Ha Park, Doug Hyun Han, Sungwon Roh, Ji Hyun Son, Tae Young Choi, Hyuk Lee, Tae Ho Kim, Young Sik Lee
AIM: We compared the efficacy of bupropion and escitalopram treatments in Internet gaming disorder (IGD) patients. METHODS: We recruited 119 adolescents and adults with IGD. We treated these participants for 6 weeks in three groups as follows: 44 participants were treated with bupropion SR (bupropion group), 42 participants were treated with escitalopram (escitalopram group), and 33 patients without any medication were observed in the community (observation group)...
November 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
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