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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174127/altered-functional-connectivity-in-default-mode-network-in-internet-gaming-disorder-influence-of-childhood-adhd
#1
Deokjong Lee, Junghan Lee, Jung Eun Lee, Young-Chul Jung
OBJECTIVE: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is a type of behavioral addiction characterized by abnormal executive control, leading to loss of control over excessive gaming. Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common comorbid disorders in IGD, involving delayed development of the executive control system, which could predispose individuals to gaming addiction. We investigated the influence of childhood ADHD on neural network features of IGD. METHODS: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging analysis was performed on 44 young, male IGD subjects with and without childhood ADHD and 19 age-matched, healthy male controls...
February 5, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145657/comparison-of-qeeg-findings-between-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-without-comorbidity-and-adhd-comorbid-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#2
Jeong Ha Park, Ji Sun Hong, Doug Hyun Han, Kyoung Joon Min, Young Sik Lee, Baik Seok Kee, Sun Mi Kim
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is often comorbid with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In this study, we compared the neurobiological differences between ADHD comorbid with IGD (ADHD+IGD group) and ADHD without comorbidity (ADHD-only group) by analyzing quantitative electroencephalogram (QEEG) findings. We recruited 16 male ADHD+IGD, 15 male ADHD-only adolescent patients, and 15 male healthy controls (HC group). Participants were assessed using Young's Internet Addiction Scale and ADHD Rating Scale...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139537/are-childhood-externalizing-disorders-the-harbinger-of-early-onset-alcohol-dependence
#3
Abhishek Ghosh, Savita Malhotra, Debasish Basu
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The subtyping of alcohol dependence (AD) into early-onset (EO) and late-onset (LO) subgroups has been shown to have clinical and biological validity. As externalizing disorders (EDs) predate AD, the link of ED with age of onset of alcohol dependence needs to be investigated. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of EDs such as disruptive behaviour disorder (DBD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with age at onset of AD in a sample of male subjects...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106934/neuroimaging-the-neural-correlates-of-increased-risk-for-substance-use-disorders-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review
#4
Vitria Adisetiyo, Kevin M Gray
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are nearly three times more likely to develop substance use disorders (SUD) than their typically developing peers. Our objective was to review the existing neuroimaging research on high-risk ADHD (ie, ADHD with disruptive behavior disorders, familial SUD and/or early substance use), focusing on impulsivity as one possible mechanism underlying SUD risk. METHODS: A PubMed literature search was conducted using combinations of the keywords "ADHD," "substance use," "substance use disorder," "SUD," "addiction," "dependence," "abuse," "risk," "brain" "MRI," "imaging" and "neuroimaging...
January 20, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051838/mixed-amphetamine-salts-increase-abstinence-from-marijuana-in-patients-with-co-occurring-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-cocaine-dependence
#5
Daniel P Notzon, John J Mariani, Martina Pavlicova, Andrew Glass, Amy L Mahony, Daniel J Brooks, John Grabowski, Frances R Levin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of ADHD is greater in substance use disorders than the general population, and ADHD and substance use disorders share neurobiological features such as dysregulation of reward circuitry. We tested the hypothesis that stimulants would decrease marijuana use in a randomized controlled trial of extended release mixed amphetamine salts (MAS-XR) for treatment of co-occurring ADHD and cocaine use disorders. METHODS: Marijuana users were defined as participants reporting use in the 30 days before study initiation, collected with timeline follow-back...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997065/depression-and-severity-of-substance-dependence-among-heroin-dependent-patients-with-adhd-symptoms
#6
Yin-To Liao, Chi-Yen Chen, Mei-Hing Ng, Kuo-You Huang, Wen-Chuan Shao, Tsang-Yaw Lin, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Michael Gossop
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are highly prevalent among heroin-dependent patients. We aim to investigate differences in dependence severity, depression, and quality of life between heroin-dependent patients with and without ADHD-screened positive. METHODS: Heroin-dependent participants (n = 447) entering methadone maintenance treatment were divided into ADHD-screened positive (ADHD-P) and ADHD-screened negative (ADHD-N) groups according to scores of Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS)...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991999/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-drug-addiction-rehabilitation-patients
#7
Carlos Henrique Ferreira Camargo, Tarcísio Fanha Dornelles, Karin Barszcz, Eduardo Antunes Martins
Objective: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention or hyperactivity. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between ADHD and drug dependence. Methods: The presence and severity of ADHD and substance use were evaluated through questionnaires in 80 adult patients in therapeutic communities. Results: No difference in drug use or dependence prevalence between ADHD and non-ADHD patients was found...
December 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943032/subtyping-non-treatment-seeking-problem-gamblers-using-the-pathways-model
#8
Miea Moon, Jamey J Lister, Aleks Milosevic, David M Ledgerwood
This study examined whether distinct subgroups could be identified among a sample of non-treatment-seeking problem and pathological/disordered gamblers (PG) using Blaszczynski and Nower's (Addiction 97:487-499, 2002) pathways model (N = 150, 50% female). We examined coping motives for gambling, childhood trauma, boredom proneness, risk-taking, impulsivity, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and antisocial personality disorder as defining variables in a hierarchical cluster analysis to identify subgroups...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895485/adhd-and-present-hedonism-time-perspective-as-a-potential-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-tool
#9
REVIEW
S Weissenberger, M Klicperova-Baker, P Zimbardo, K Schonova, D Akotia, J Kostal, M Goetz, J Raboch, R Ptacek
The article draws primarily from the behavioral findings (mainly psychiatric and psychological observations) and points out the important relationships between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and time orientation. Specifically, the authors argue that there is a significant overlap between the symptoms of ADHD and Present Hedonism. Present Hedonism is defined by Zimbardo's time perspective theory and assessed by Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. Developmental data on Present Hedonism of males and females in the Czech population sample (N=2201) are also presented...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866153/exploring-personality-and-readiness-to-change-in-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-with-and-without-adhd
#10
L Flores-García, E Ytterstad, M B Lensing, M Eisemann
OBJECTIVE: To explore personality and readiness to change among substance use disorders (SUD) patients with and without ADHD. METHOD: SUD + ADHD versus SUD - ADHD patients consecutively entering treatment between 2010 and 2012 were compared concerning personality (Temperament and Character Inventory) and readiness to change (Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale). RESULTS: Among 103 SUD patients (76 men, age M = 43.3, SD = 11...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859666/effectiveness-of-atomoxetine-and-methylphenidate-for-problematic-online-gaming-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Jeong Ha Park, Young Sik Lee, Ji Hyun Sohn, Doug Hyun Han
OBJECTIVE: There is a high prevalence of problematic online gaming in adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In the current study, we compared the effectiveness of atomoxetine (ATM) and methylphenidate (MPH) on problematic online gaming in adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: We recruited 86 adolescents diagnosed with ADHD together with Internet gaming disorder. These participants were divided into two treatment groups: 44 participants were treated with MPH for 12 weeks, and 42 participants were treated with ATM for 12 weeks...
November 2016: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842945/addiction-severity-pattern-associated-with-adult-and-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-patients-with-addictions
#12
Melina Fatséas, Hortense Hurmic, Fuschia Serre, Romain Debrabant, Jean-Pierre Daulouède, Cécile Denis, Marc Auriacombe
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is highly prevalent among adults with addictive disorders, but little is known about addiction patterns associated with ADHD diagnosis. This study examined addiction severity in patients with co-occurring addictive disorders and ADHD controlling for the potential influence of associated psychiatric comorbidity. Data were collected in French outpatient addiction treatment centers. A total of 217 patients seeking treatment for substance or gambling addiction were included...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824233/cigarette-smoking-and-adhd-an-examination-of-prognostically-relevant-smoking-behaviors-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#13
Jessica D Rhodes, William E Pelham, Elizabeth M Gnagy, Saul Shiffman, Karen J Derefinko, Brooke S G Molina
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with health risks in adolescence which includes the potential for smoking cigarettes, early smoking initiation, and rapid progression to daily smoking. Much less is known, however, about prognostically relevant smoking behaviors among individuals with childhood ADHD. Further research in this area is important for identifying individuals at pronounced risk for nicotine addiction, and for developing effective interventions for this population. This study examined initiation of cigarette smoking, progression to regular smoking, quantity of use, indicators of tobacco dependence, and quit rates among adolescents and young adults with (n = 364) and without (n = 240) childhood ADHD...
August 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782808/compuls-design-of-a-multicenter-phenotypic-cognitive-genetic-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study-in-children-with-compulsive-syndromes
#14
Jilly Naaijen, Saskia de Ruiter, Marcel P Zwiers, Jeffrey C Glennon, Sarah Durston, David J Lythgoe, Steven C R Williams, Tobias Banaschewski, Daniel Brandeis, Barbara Franke, Jan K Buitelaar
BACKGROUND: Compulsivity, the closely linked trait impulsivity and addictive behaviour are associated with several neurodevelopmental disorders, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). All three disorders show impaired fronto-striatal functioning, which may be related to altered glutamatergic signalling. Genetic factors are also thought to play an important role in the aetiology of compulsivity-related disorders...
October 26, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766464/calorie-intake-and-gambling-is-fat-and-sugar-consumption-impulsive
#15
Samuel R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
Excessive calorie intake constitutes a global public health concern, due to its associated range of untoward outcomes. Gambling is commonplace and gambling disorder is now considered a behavioral addiction in DSM-5. The relationships between calorie intake, gambling, and other types of putatively addictive and impulsive behaviors have received virtually no research attention. Two-hundred twenty-five young adults who gamble were recruited from two Mid-Western university communities in the United States using media advertisements...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751959/function-of-brain-%C3%AE-2b-adrenergic-receptor-characterized-with-subtype-selective-%C3%AE-2b-antagonist-and-ko-mice
#16
Lauren Luhrs, Cynthia Manlapaz, Karen Kedzie, Sandhya Rao, Sara Cabrera-Ghayouri, John Donello, Daniel Gil
Noradrenergic signaling, through the α2A and α2C adrenergic receptors modulates the cognitive and behavioral symptoms of disorders such as schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and addiction. However, it is unknown whether the α2B receptor has any significant role in CNS function. The present study elucidates the potential role of the α2B receptor in CNS function via the discovery and use of the first subtype-selective α2B antagonist (AGN-209419), and behavioral analyses of α-receptor knockout (KO) mice...
December 17, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749976/adolescents-with-internet-gaming-disorder-igd-profiles-and-treatment-response
#17
María Martín-Fernández, Josep Lluís Matalí, Sara García-Sánchez, Marta Pardo, María Lleras, Carmina Castellano-Tejedor
Demand for treatment for problems related to the use of video games have increased significantly in adolescents. Most cases have a comorbid mental disorder that jeopardises both pathologies. The aim of this study is to describe profiles of adolescents with Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) according to comorbidity and analyze treatment response at 3 and 6 months. A sample of 86 patients which consulted in the Addictive Behavior Unit of a hospital was assessed with diagnostic criteria for IGD, the interview K-SADS-PL for mental disorders and the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) to treatment progress...
October 7, 2016: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749975/profiles-of-drug-addicts-in-relation-to-personality-variables-and-disorders
#18
María Carou, Estrella Romero, Mª Ángeles Luengo
In recent decades, research has identified a set of impulsive/disinhibited personality variables closely associated with drug addiction. As well as this, disorders linked with these variables, such as ADHD and personality disorders, are being closely studied in the field of drug addiction. Although much knowledge has been accumulated about the relation of these variables and disorders taken separately, less is known about how these constructs allow identify-specific profiles within the drug dependent population to be identified...
October 7, 2016: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703776/a-cross-sectional-study-of-problem-gambling-and-its-correlates-among-college-students-in-south-india
#19
Sanju George, Jaisoorya Ts, Sivasankaran Nair, Anjana Rani, Priya Menon, Revamma Madhavan, Jeevan Chakkandan Rajan, Komath Sankaran Radhakrishnan, Vineeta Jose, Vivek Benegal, K Thennarasu, Nancy M Petry
BACKGROUND: In the Western world, a significant portion of college students have gambled. College gamblers have one of the highest rates of problem gambling. To date, there have been no studies on gambling participation or the rates of problem gambling in India. AIMS: This study evaluated the prevalence of gambling participation and problem gambling in college students in India. It also evaluated demographic and psychosocial correlates of gambling in that population...
May 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666382/suboptimal-maternal-diets-alter-mu-opioid-receptor-and-dopamine-type-1-receptor-binding-but-exert-no-effect-on-dopamine-transporters-in-the-offspring-brain
#20
Panayotis K Thanos, Jianmin Zhuo, Lisa Robison, Ronald Kim, Mala Ananth, Ilon Choai, Adam Grunseich, Nicola M Grissom, Robert George, Foteini Delis, Teresa M Reyes
Birthweight is a marker for suboptimal fetal growth and development in utero. Offspring can be born large for gestational age (LGA), which is linked to maternal obesity or excessive gestational weight gain, as well as small for gestational age (SGA), arising from nutrient or calorie deficiency, placental dysfunction, or other maternal conditions (hypertension, infection). In humans, LGA and SGA babies are at an increased risk for certain neurodevelopmental disorders, including Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, schizophrenia, and social and mood disorders...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
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