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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651424/estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-renal-scan-and-volumetric-assessment-of-the-kidney-before-and-after-partial-nephrectomy-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#1
Riccardo G Bertolo, Homayoun Zargar, Riccardo Autorino, Cristian Fiori, Jihad H Kaouk, Paul Russo, Robert H Thompson, Francesco Porpiglia
INTRODUCTION: The best method for assessing renal function after partial nephrectomy (PN) continues to be a matter of debate. Early studies evaluated kidney function by measuring serum creatinine (sCr) and/or the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), potentially underestimating the contribution of the contralateral kidney in masking alterations in renal function. Since then, researchers have studied the operated renal unit with the aid of nuclear renal scans (RS). However, taking into consideration the importance of the amount of renal parenchyma spared or sacrificed during PN, many novel methods have been proposed for determining kidney volume before and after PN...
June 23, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651344/uterine-responses-to-early-pre-attachment-embryos-in-the-domestic-dog-and-comparisons-with-other-domestic-animal-species
#2
Felix R Graubner, Aykut Gram, Ewa Kautz, Stefan Bauersachs, Selim Aslan, Ali R Agaoglu, Alois Boos, Mariusz P Kowalewski
In the dog there is no luteolysis in the absence of pregnancy. Thus, this species lacks any anti-luteolytic endocrine signal as found in other species that modulate uterine function during the critical period of pregnancy establishment. Nevertheless, in the dog an embryo-maternal communication must occur in order to prevent rejection of embryos. Based on this hypothesis, we performed microarray analysis of canine uterine samples collected during pre-attachment phase (days 10-12) and in corresponding non-pregnant controls, in order to elucidate the embryo attachment signal...
June 23, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651335/critical-evaluation-of-bioinformatics-tools-for-the-prediction-of-protein-crystallization-propensity
#3
Huilin Wang, Liubin Feng, Geoffrey I Webb, Lukasz Kurgan, Jiangning Song, Donghai Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651311/outcomes-of-very-elderly-%C3%A2-80-years-critical-ill-patients-in-a-medical-intensive-care-unit-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-korea
#4
Seung Hun Lee, Tae Won Lee, Sunmi Ju, Jung-Wan Yoo, Seung Jun Lee, Yu Ji Cho, Yi Yeong Jeong, Jong Deog Lee, Ho Cheol Kim
Background/Aims: This study evaluated clinical characteristics and outcomes in very elderly (≥ 80 years of age) critical-ill patients admitted to a medical intensive care unit (MICU) in a regional single tertiary hospital. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated prospectively collected data in the MICU for the period of December 2011 to May 2014. Patients were divided into ≥ 80 and < 80 years of age and clinical characteristics and outcomes were compared among these patients...
June 26, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651244/the-health-policy-implications-of-individual-adaptive-behavior-responses-to-smog-pollution-in-urban-china
#5
Jie Ban, Lian Zhou, Yi Zhang, G Brooke Anderson, Tiantian Li
Smog pollution is a serious public health issue in urban China, where it is associated with public health through a range of respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses. Despite the negative health impacts of smog pollution, individual adaptive behaviors are poorly understood. This knowledge gap hinders the development of effective public policy to support and encourage the adoption of individual adaptive and mitigating behaviors to smog pollution. A questionnaire survey of 1141 randomly sampled individuals in a typical PM2...
June 23, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651224/patterns-of-everyday-functioning-in-preschool-children-born-preterm-and-at-term
#6
Anna Karin Andersson, Lene Martin, Katarina Strand Brodd, Lena Almqvist
BACKGROUND/AIM: Children born preterm are at risk of neonatal complications but the long-term consequences for everyday functioning is not well known. The study aimed to identify patterns of everyday functioning in preschool children born preterm and at term in relation to perinatal data, neonatal risk factors, behaviour, and socioeconomic status. Registry data and data from parent rated questionnaires were collected for 331 children. METHOD: A person-oriented approach with a cluster analysis was used...
June 23, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651223/impact-of-wastewater-derived-dissolved-interfering-compounds-on-growth-enzymatic-activity-and-trace-organic-contaminant-removal-of-white-rot-fungi-a-critical-review
#7
REVIEW
Muhammad B Asif, Faisal I Hai, Jingwei Hou, William E Price, Long D Nghiem
White-rot fungi (WRF) and their ligninolytic enzymes have been investigated for the removal of a broad spectrum of trace organic contaminants (TrOCs) mostly from synthetic wastewater in lab-scale experiments. Only a few studies have reported the efficiency of such systems for the removal of TrOCs from real wastewater. Wastewater derived organic and inorganic compounds can inhibit: (i) WRF growth and their enzyme production capacity; (ii) enzymatic activity of ligninolytic enzymes; and (iii) catalytic efficiency of both WRF and enzymes...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651220/clozapine-versus-other-antipsychotics-during-the-first-18-weeks-of-treatment-a-retrospective-study-on-risk-factor-increase-of-blood-dyscrasias
#8
Michele Fabrazzo, Vincenzo Prisco, Gaia Sampogna, Francesco Perris, Francesco Catapano, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Mario Maj
Blood dyscrasias excluding agranulocytosis received limited attention in antipsychotic-treated patients during the first 18 weeks of therapy, although severe clinical conditions have been reported in a few cases. We extracted data records of 285 Caucasian patients after 18 weeks of antipsychotic treatments to investigate risk factors of blood dyscrasias. We observed a higher risk to develop both transient and persistent anemia, neutrophilia and eosinophilia in clozapine-treated patients, whereas in those treated with other atypical antipsychotics when compared to a reference group under typical antipsychotics, emerged an increased risk for transient neutrophilia and eosinophilia...
June 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651209/removal-of-pharmaceuticals-and-personal-care-products-by-ammonia-oxidizing-bacteria-acclimated-in-a-membrane-bioreactor-contributions-of-cometabolism-and-endogenous-respiration
#9
Junwon Park, Naoyuki Yamashita, Guangxue Wu, Hiroaki Tanaka
We carried out batch experiments using biomass from a membrane bioreactor (MBR) to study the influence of ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) on the removal of 45 pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs). Kinetic parameters such as biodegradation constants and adsorption coefficients with and without AOB inhibition were estimated. No significant differences in adsorption tendency were found, but the biodegradability of most compounds was enhanced when ammonia was completely oxidized, indicating that AOB present in MBR played a critical role in eliminating the PPCPs...
June 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651176/forensic-applications-of-direct-analysis-in-real-time-dart-coupled-to-q-orbitrap-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-the-in-situ-analysis-of-pigments-from-paint-evidence
#10
Tai-Hung Chen, Shu-Pao Wu
The accurate examination of paint fragments obtained from an accident, such as those obtained from vehicles involved in a hit-and-run case, is often critical in forensic investigations. However, organic pigments are typically minor components of automotive coatings, which makes discrimination difficult. In this study, direct analysis in real time coupled to Q-orbitrap tandem mass spectrometry (DART-MS) was employed to detect a wide range of common organic pigments in vehicle paints. Twelve common organic pigments used in vehicle paints, such as red, yellow, orange, and purple, were tested, and a database was constructed for future examinations of vehicle paint...
June 9, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651171/the-relevance-of-inter-and-intrastrain-differences-in-mice-and-rats-and-their-implications-for-models-of-seizures-and-epilepsy
#11
REVIEW
Wolfgang Löscher, Russell J Ferland, Thomas N Ferraro
It is becoming increasingly clear that the genetic background of mice and rats, even in inbred strains, can have a profound influence on measures of seizure susceptibility and epilepsy. These differences can be capitalized upon through genetic mapping studies to reveal genes important for seizures and epilepsy. However, strain background and particularly mixed genetic backgrounds of transgenic animals need careful consideration in both the selection of strains and in the interpretation of results and conclusions...
June 23, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651163/ex-vivo-assessment-of-valve-thickness-calcification-of-patients-with-calcific-aortic-stenosis-in-relation-to-in-vivo-clinical-outcomes
#12
Ching-Li Cheng, Hsiao-Huang Chang, Pei-Jung Huang, Wei-Chen Wang, Shan-Yang Lin
Calcific aortic stenosis (AS) plays a critical role in the risk of cardiovascular disease. This preliminary study examined the relationship between the ex vivo valve thickness/calcification and in vivo clinical outcomes of Chinese patients with calcific AS. Six Chinese patients (3 patients with tricuspid aortic valves (TAV)) and 3 patients with. bicuspid aortic valves (BAV) with calcific AS undergoing heart valve replacement were initially chosen for this study. In vivo medical imaging of these calcific AS patients was evaluated using computed tomography and echocardiography...
June 22, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651112/secondary-harm-mitigation-a-more-humanitarian-framework-for-international-drug-law-enforcement
#13
Jarrett Blaustein, Miki McLay, Jude McCulloch
This article introduces the concept of 'secondary harm mitigation' as a framework for improving the humanitarian credentials of international drug law enforcement agencies. The concept is rooted in a critical analysis of the compatibility of the harm reduction philosophy with Australia's international drug law enforcement practices. On a utilitarian level, the net benefits of international drug law enforcement are determined to be, at best inconclusive, arguably counterproductive and in most cases, incalculable...
June 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651106/computer-based-speech-therapy-for-childhood-speech-sound-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Lisa Furlong, Shane Erickson, Meg E Morris
BACKGROUND: With the current worldwide workforce shortage of Speech-Language Pathologists, new and innovative ways of delivering therapy to children with speech sound disorders are needed. Computer-based speech therapy may be an effective and viable means of addressing service access issues for children with speech sound disorders. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of computer-based speech therapy programs for children with speech sound disorders. METHOD: Studies reporting the efficacy of computer-based speech therapy programs were identified via a systematic, computerised database search...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651065/the-removal-of-particle-reactive-radionuclides-in-shallow-water-bottom-scavenging-versus-particle-settling-of-iodine-131-and-beryllium-7
#15
Michael P Montenero, Elizabeth K Dilbone, James T Waples
In pelagic waters, the removal of particle-reactive radionuclides is controlled by nuclide sorption to particles and subsequent settling by gravity. However, in shallow nearshore waters, the dominant mechanism of nuclide scavenging is not so clear. Understanding how particle-reactive radionuclides are scavenged from the water column is critical if these tracers are to be used as proxies of particle flux in shallow aquatic systems. In this study, we present evidence that the removal of particle-reactive radionuclides in nearshore and turbulent waters is primarily controlled by bottom scavenging...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651024/short-term-proton-pump-inhibitor-treatment-may-cause-hypomagnesaemia-in-critically-ill-patients-a-pilot-study
#16
Łukasz J Krzych, Piotr Łój, Teresa Nowak, Wojciech Kazura, Piotr Knapik
Many studies have suggested a link between long-term PPI treatment and hypomagnesaemia, though none of them investigated the short-term exposure in high-risk patients. We sought to investigate this issue in 90 critically ill patients. We assessed serum Mg concentrations, necessity of Mg supplementation, PPI dose, duration of PPI therapy and route of administration. In multiple analysis we found that Mg supplementation (positive effect/p=0.03) and enteral route of PPI administration (negative effect/p=0.02) had significant impact on Mg concentration...
June 24, 2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651021/natural-immune-response-to-plasmodium-vivax-alpha-helical-coiled-coil-protein-motifs-and-its-association-with-the-risk-of-p-vivax-malaria
#17
Nora Céspedes, Connie S N Li Wai Suen, Cristian Koepfli, Camila T França, Ingrid Felger, Issa Nebie, Myriam Arévalo-Herrera, Ivo Mueller, Giampietro Corradin, Sócrates Herrera
Protein α-helical coiled coil structures are known to induce antibodies able to block critical functions in different pathogens. In a previous study, a total of 50 proteins of Plasmodium vivax erythrocytic asexual stages containing α-helical coiled coil structural motifs were identified in silico, and the corresponding peptides were chemically synthesized. A total of 43 peptides were recognized by naturally acquired antibodies in plasma samples from both Papua New Guinea (PNG) and Colombian adult donors. In this study, the association between IgG antibodies to these peptides and clinical immunity was further explored by measuring total IgG antibody levels to 24 peptides in baseline samples from a longitudinal study of children aged 1-3 years (n = 164) followed for 16 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651010/macrophages-but-not-neutrophils-are-critical-for-proliferation-of-burkholderia-cenocepacia-and-ensuing-host-damaging-inflammation
#18
Jennifer Mesureur, Joana R Feliciano, Nelly Wagner, Margarida C Gomes, Lili Zhang, Monica Blanco-Gonzalez, Michiel van der Vaart, David O'Callaghan, Annemarie H Meijer, Annette C Vergunst
Bacteria of the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) can cause devastating pulmonary infections in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, yet the precise mechanisms underlying inflammation, recurrent exacerbations and transition from chronic stages to acute infection and septicemia are not known. Bcc bacteria are generally believed to have a predominant extracellular biofilm life style in infected CF lungs, similar to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but this has been challenged by clinical observations which show Bcc bacteria predominantly in alveolar macrophages...
June 26, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650997/disambiguating-authenticity-interpretations-of-value-and-appeal
#19
Kieran O'Connor, Glenn R Carroll, Balázs Kovács
While shaping aesthetic judgment and choice, socially constructed authenticity takes on some very different meanings among observers, consumers, producers and critics. Using a theoretical framework positing four distinct meanings of socially constructed authenticity-type, moral, craft, and idiosyncratic-we aim to document empirically the unique appeal of each type. We develop predictions about the relationships between attributed authenticity and corresponding increases in the value ascribed to it through: (1) consumer value ratings, (2) willingness to pay, and (3) behavioral choice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650966/insecticide-resistance-to-permethrin-and-malathion-and-associated-mechanisms-in-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes-from-st-andrew-jamaica
#20
Sheena Francis, Karla Saavedra-Rodriguez, Rushika Perera, Mark Paine, William C Black, Rupika Delgoda
The emergence of novel diseases spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito in Jamaica and the Caribbean, has prompted studies on insecticide resistance towards effective management of the vector. Though Jamaica has been using the organophosphate insecticide malathion in its vector control program for more than 30 years, resistance to the pesticide has not been tested in over a decade. We analyzed resistance to malathion and the pyrethroid insecticide, permethrin on mosquitoes collected across St. Andrew, Jamaica, and analyzed the molecular basis of resistance...
2017: PloS One
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