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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615840/observation-on-monocystis-kuidongae-sp-nov-apicomplexa-eugregarinida-from-an-indian-earthworm-perionyx-excavatus-perrier-annelida-oligochaeta
#1
Partha Mallik, Probir K Bandyopadhyay
A survey to know the diversity of endoparasitic protozoan parasites of the earthworms of West Bengal, revealed a new species of the genus Monocystis Stein, 1848, that resides in the seminal vesicle of the earthworm Perionyx excavatus Perrier. Monocystis kuidongae sp. nov. is characterized by ovoidal gamonts (trophozoites) with inconspicuous mucron and measure 69.53-102.25 (86.29 ± 11.48) μm × 24.54-61.35 (35.17 ± 12.82) μm. Shape of the gametocysts are almost rounded and measure 81.80-110.43 (96...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614697/navicularines-a-c-new-diterpenoid-alkaloids-from-aconitum-naviculare-and-their-cytotoxic-activities
#2
Jiang-Bo He, Jie Luan, Xiao-Man Lv, Dan-Yun Rui, Jian Tao, Bo Wang, Yan-Feng Niu, Hong-Ping Ju
Three new bisditerpenoid alkaloids, navicularines A-C (1-3), and three known ones (4-6), were isolated from the ground parts of Aconitum naviculare. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods. All the new compounds were tested against five cell lines (HL-60, SMMC-7721, A-549, MCF-7, SW480). It was found that navicularine B exhibited certain cytotoxic activities in vitro, with IC50 values of 13.50, 18.52, 17.22, 11.18, and 16.36μM, respectively.
June 11, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594506/high-risk-stress-fractures-in-elite-athletes
#3
Michael Isiah Sandlin, Andrew J Rosenbaum, Cyrus E Taghavi, Timothy P Charlton, Martin J O'Malley
Surgeons should understand common factors that predispose high-level athletes to stress injuries as well as the importance of vitamin D and specifics related to vascular supply, location of injury, biomechanics, and susceptibility factors in high-level athletes who have stress injuries. Surgeons should be aware of diagnostic- and management-based recommendations for and the outcomes of anterior tibia, medial malleolus, tarsal navicular, and proximal fifth metatarsal stress fractures in professional athletes...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592232/association-of-frontal-plane-knee-alignment-with-foot-posture-in-patients-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis
#4
Hiroshi Ohi, Hirotaka Iijima, Tomoki Aoyama, Eishi Kaneda, Kazuko Ohi, Kaoru Abe
BACKGROUND: To examine the association of radiographic frontal plane knee alignment with three-dimensional foot posture in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Participants in orthopedic clinics with Kellgren/Lawrence (K/L) grade ≥1 (88 patients and 88 knees; age, 61-91 years; 65.9% female) were enrolled. An anteroposterior radiographic view was used to assess the anatomical axis angle (AAA) after subtracting a sex-specific correction factor...
June 7, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580240/endoscopic-fusion-of-the-accessory-navicular-synchondrosis-that-has-no-diastasis
#5
Tun Hing Lui
Accessory navicular bone is a common accessory ossicle of the foot and is present in 10% to 14% of normal feet. Less than 1% of the accessory navicular bones are symptomatic. Degenerative or traumatic disruption of the accessory navicular synchondrosis is one of the main causes of symptomatic accessory navicular. The disrupted synchondrosis may or may not be associated with diastasis of the synchondrosis. Fusion of the synchondrosis is indicated if the pain fails to respond to conservative measures. The purpose of this Technical Note is to describe a minimally invasive approach for fusion of the synchondrosis that has no diastasis...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567228/revision-surgery-for-recurrent-pain-after-excision-of-the-accessory-navicular-and-relocation-of-the-tibialis-posterior-tendon
#6
Hong Joon Choi, Woo Chun Lee
BACKGROUND: The results of operative treatments for symptomatic accessory navicular are debatable. In some cases, recurrent pain may develop after the Kidner procedure. The purpose of this study is to review the reasons for recurrent pain after the Kidner procedure and to suggest possible options for revision surgery. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical and radiological outcomes in 9 patients who underwent revision surgery for recurrent pain after the Kidner procedure...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553850/how-the-three-arches-of-the-foot-intercorrelate
#7
Abdullahi Suleiman Gwani, Mohd Asnizam Asari, Zul Izhar Mohd Ismail
BACKGROUND: The foot is composed of medial, lateral and transverse arches which, particularly the medial arch, provide it with the ability to function both as a flexible and rigid structure for proper locomotion. Arches of the foot, as well as their effect on lower extremity function, have been studied. However, quantitative data on the relationship between these arches still remain scanty. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to examine how the three arches of the foot intercorrelate...
May 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552040/functional-outcomes-following-anterior-transfer-of-the-tibialis-posterior-tendon-for-foot-drop-secondary-to-peroneal-nerve-palsy
#8
Byung-Ki Cho, Kyoung-Jin Park, Seung-Myung Choi, Se-Hyuk Im, Nelson F SooHoo
BACKGROUND: This retrospective comparative study reports the practical function in daily and sports activities after tibialis posterior tendon transfer for foot drop secondary to peroneal nerve palsy. METHODS: Seventeen patients were followed for a minimum of 3 years after tibialis posterior tendon transfer for foot drop secondary to peroneal nerve palsy. Matched controls were used to evaluate the level of functional restoration. Functional evaluations included American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores, Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) scores, and isokinetic muscle strength test...
June 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507962/dislocation-intermediate-cuneiform-with-fracture-medial-cuneiform
#9
Ajay Pal Singh, Arun Pal Singh, Vipul Garg, Jasjot Singh Garcha
INTRODUCTION: Dislocation of intermediate cuneiform is a rare injury in English language literature. Dislocation of intermediate cuneiform with undisplaced medial cuneiform fracture has been reported only once. We report the first case of dislocation intermediate cuneiform with displaced medial cuneiform fracture. CASE REPORT: A 43-year-old male was diagnosed of dislocation of intermediate cuneiform with fracture medial cuneiform after a road traffic accident. This was treated by a method of distractor application that is only reported in navicular fracture dislocation...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461997/evaluation-of-jordan-s-meatoplasty-for-the-treatment-of-fossa-navicularis-strictures-a-retrospective-study
#10
Prakash Babu, Arvind Nayak, Tarun Dilip Javali, Prarthan Joshi, Horahally Krishnareddy Nagaraj, Kuldeep Aggarwal
INTRODUCTION: Fossa navicular strictures can be a challenging problem for reconstructive urologists in which there is a need to achieve good cosmetic results along with a consistent stream. Our aim was to retrospectively evaluate the outcome of Jordan meatoplasty in the management of fossa navicularis strictures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 25 patients who underwent Jordan meatoplasty for the management of fossa navicularis strictures between 2011 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448428/therapeutic-ultrasound-in-navicular-stress-injuries-in-elite-track-and-field-athletes
#11
Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Dimosthenis Alaseirlis, George Konstantinidis, Agapi Papalada, Ioannis Tsifountoudis, Kosmas Petras, Nicola Maffulli
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) can be used to assess the progression of conservative management in navicular stress injuries. DESIGN: This is a prospective, clinical case series. Level of evidence IV. SETTING: All participants were examined and followed up in a private Sports Injury Clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Ten elite track and field athletes with severe dorsal midfoot pain over the navicular bone participated in this study...
May 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394688/distance-between-the-malleoli-and-the-grounda-new-clinical-method-to-measure-leg-length-discrepancy
#12
Estela Gomez Aguilar, Águeda Gómez Domínguez, Carolina Peña-Algaba, José M Castillo-López
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to introduce a useful method for the clinical diagnosis of leg-length inequality: distance between the malleoli and the ground (DMG). METHODS: A transversal observational study was performed on 17 patients with leg-length discrepancy. Leg-length inequality was determined with different clinical methods: with a tape measure in a supine position from the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) to the internal and external malleoli, as the difference between the iliac crests when standing (pelvimeter), and as asymmetry between ASISs (PALpation Meter [PALM]; A&D Medical Products Healthcare, San Jose, California)...
March 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390446/genetic-influence-on-accessory-navicular-bone-in-the-foot-a-korean-twin-and-family-study
#13
In Yae Cheong, Hyo Jeong Kang, Hyeonyoung Ko, Joohon Sung, Yun-Mi Song, Ji Hye Hwang
An accessory navicular bone (AN) is the most common accessory ossicle in the foot. The presence of an AN bone can trigger various foot problems, such as posterior tibial tendon pathology, flattening of the medial longitudinal arch, and medial foot pain. Despite the clinical influence of presence of an AN in foot disease, the research regarding its inheritance is still insufficient. A total of 135 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) twins, 25 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) twins, and 676 singletons from families were enrolled in order to estimate genetic influences on AN...
April 9, 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370219/association-of-bilateral-flat-feet-with-knee-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Hirotaka Iijima, Hiroshi Ohi, Takuya Isho, Tomoki Aoyama, Naoto Fukutani, Eishi Kaneda, Kazuko Ohi, Kaoru Abe, Hiroshi Kuroki, Shuichi Matsuda
This cross-sectional study examined the relationship of flat feet with knee pain, disability, and physical performance in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Orthopedic clinic participants (n = 95; age 61-91 years; 68.4% women) with Kellgren-Lawrence (K/L) grade ≥1 in the medial compartment underwent evaluation of navicular height and foot length for flat feet. Knee pain intensity, disability, and physical performance were evaluated using the Japanese Knee Osteoarthritis Measure, 10-m walk, timed up and go, and five-repetition chair stand tests...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361017/lower-limb-stress-fractures-in-sport-optimising-their-management-and-outcome
#15
REVIEW
Greg A J Robertson, Alexander M Wood
Stress fractures in sport are becoming increasing more common, comprising up to 10% of all of sporting injuries. Around 90% of such injuries are located in the lower limb. This articles aims to define the optimal management of lower limb stress fractures in the athlete, with a view to maximise return rates and minimise return times to sport. Treatment planning of this condition is specific to the location of the injury. However, there remains a clear division of stress fractures by "high" and "low" risk. "Low risk" stress fractures are those with a low probability of fracture propagation, delayed union, or non-union, and so can be managed reliably with rest and exercise limitation...
March 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343329/stress-fractures-of-the-foot-and-ankle-part-2-site-specific-etiology-imaging-and-treatment-and-differential-diagnosis
#16
Jacob C Mandell, Bharti Khurana, Stacy E Smith
Stress fractures of the foot and ankle are a commonly encountered problem among athletes and individuals participating in a wide range of activities. This illustrated review, the second of two parts, discusses site-specific etiological factors, imaging appearances, treatment options, and differential considerations of stress fractures of the foot and ankle. The imaging and clinical management of stress fractures of the foot and ankle are highly dependent on the specific location of the fracture, mechanical forces acting upon the injured site, vascular supply of the injured bone, and the proportion of trabecular to cortical bone at the site of injury...
March 25, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336190/clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-of-midfoot-derotational-osteotomy-for-midfoot-forefoot-varus-deformity
#17
Hong-Geun Jung, Dong-Oh Lee, Sang-Hun Lee, Joon-Sang Eom
BACKGROUND: Moderate to severe midfoot-forefoot varus deformities are commonly found in several conditions. However, few techniques are available to correct these deformities. So, we evaluated the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients who underwent midfoot derotational osteotomy to achieve plantigrade foot. METHODS: From 2006 to 2014, 6 patients (7 feet) underwent midfoot derotational osteotomy. A visual analog scale (VAS) pain and the American Orthopedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) functional score were evaluated...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317059/navicular-disease-remembrance-of-things-past
#18
Matthew Stewart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316397/monocystis-julkae-sp-nov-protista-apicomplexa-monocystidae-a-new-aseptate-gregarine-species-of-the-genus-monocystis-stein-1848-obtain-from-an-indian-earthworm-eutyphoeus-kherai-julka-1978
#19
Biplab Bhowmik, P K Bandyopadhyay
During the course of a biodiversity survey of the endoparasitic aseptate gregarines in the Malda district of West Bengal, India, seminal vesicles of the earthworm, Eutyphoeus kherai, Julka 1978 were found to be infested with a new species, Monocystis julkae sp.nov., of the genus, Monocystis Stein (Arch Anat Phys Med 181-223, 1848). The trophozoite is elongated but slightly constricted posteriorly. A tail like protrusion appears in the posterior end. Anterior end is rather wider than the posterior one. The whole body size of the trophozoite measures 102...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295608/incidence-and-anatomical-variations-of-accessory-navicular-bone-in-patients-with-foot-pain-a-retrospective-radiographic-analysis
#20
Heba Kalbouneh, Omar Alajoulin, Mohammad Alsalem, Noor Humoud, Jamil Shawaqfeh, Mohammad Alkhoujah, Hana Abu-Hassan, Waleed Mahafza, Darwish Badran
The accessory navicular (AN) is an accessory ossicle anatomically located on the medial side of the foot, proximal to the navicular and continuous with the tibialis posterior tendon. It is occasionally a source of pain and local tenderness. Knowledge of the AN and its morphological variations can help identify the source of a patient's symptoms and prevent misinterpreting them as fractures. Foot radiographs from 1,240 patients who presented in two centers with chronic foot pain, or persistent pain developed after trauma, were retrospectively reviewed to determine the incidence and variations of the AN in relation to gender...
March 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
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