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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439444/airway-management-of-patients-undergoing-oral-cancer-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis-of-156-patients
#1
Sapna Annaji Nikhar, Ashima Sharma, Mahesh Ramdaspally, Ramachandran Gopinath
OBJECTIVE: Oral cancer patients have a potentially difficult airway, but if managed properly during the perioperative period, morbidity and mortality can be reduced or avoided. METHODS: The medical records of 156 patients who were operated for oral cancers were reviewed for airway management during the perioperative period. RESULTS: The surgical procedures ranged from excisions, wide local excisions with split skin graftings, hemiglossectomies and radical neck nodes dissections to pectoralis major myocutaneous or free fibular flaps...
April 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439310/syndesmosis-injuries-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-athlete-an-analysis-of-risk-factors-related-to-operative-intervention
#2
D E Kramer, M X Cleary, P E Miller, Y-M Yen, B J Shore
PURPOSE: To review all paediatric ankle syndesmotic injuries occurring at our institution and identify risk factors associated with operative intervention. METHODS: Among 22 873 evaluations for ankle trauma, we found 220 children suffering from syndesmotic injuries (incidence: 0.96%). We recorded demographic data, details of the injury, features on examination and treatment variables. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression modelling was performed to identify risk factors associated with operative intervention...
2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439306/fibular-strut-graft-for-nonunited-femoral-neck-fractures-in-children
#3
A Elgeidi, A El-Negery
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of using fibular strut grafts as a fixation device for non-united femoral neck fractures in children with or without subtrochanteric valgus osteotomy. METHODS: A total of 12 children with non-united femoral neck fractures (nine males and three females) with an average age of 8.2 years (5 to 12) were managed, and functional results evaluated, between July 2013 and July 2015. The mechanisms of injury were fall from a height in ten patients and road traffic accident in two cases...
2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436373/fatco-syndrome-fibular-aplasia-tibial-campomelia-oligosyndactyly-with-talar-aplasia-a-case-study
#4
Khurshid Ahmad, Hilal Ahmad Malla, Sheikh Dawood
FATCO syndrome consists of fibular hemimelia, tibial campomelia and oligosyndactyly. FATCO syndrome can also be associated with other congenital anomalies; therefore, every case needs thorough evaluation so as to make the management of the patient easier. A few cases of this syndrome have been described in literature but only two cases have been reported in India so far. We present a 3-year-old male child born of a non-con-sanguinous marriage with FATCO syndrome and ipilateral talar aplasia without any other congenital anomalies...
January 26, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424851/vascularized-fibular-medialization-for-reconstruction-of-the-tibial-defects-following-tumour-excision
#5
Abed El-Negery, Nabil Ahmed Elmoghazy, Mohamed Serry Abd-Ellatif, Adham Elgeidi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional and oncologic results of fibular medialization when used alone as a single-stage reconstructive technique after wide excision of malignant tumours of the proximal, middle, or distal tibia. METHODS: Between December 2010 and May 2015, 14 patients (six males and eight females) with primary malignant tumours of the tibia (eight proximal, four diaphyseal, two distal) were treated by wide excision. The mean age of the patients at the time of surgery was 23...
April 19, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419844/triple-cut-computer-aided-design-computer-aided-modeling-more-oncologic-safety-added-to-precise-mandible-modeling
#6
Vittorio Ramella, Alberto Franchi, Stefano Bottosso, Giancarlo Tirelli, Federico Cesare Novati, Zoran Marij Arnež
PURPOSE: Computer-aided design-computer-aided modeling (CAD-CAM) has become standard in mandibular reconstruction because it offers better outcomes. Occasionally, the reconstructive plans need to be changed intraoperatively and the custom-made prefabricated devices may become inadequate. We present an efficient adjunct to the standard CAD-CAM technique that resolves this problem. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Customized surgical devices with our "triple-cut" concept were used in 5 patients for mandibular reconstruction with free fibula flap (4 after mandibular resection for squamous cell carcinoma and 1 after mandibular osteoradionecrosis)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416851/-one-of-the-pitfalls-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-maisonneuve-fractures-a-case-report
#7
H Q Ji, F Zhou, Y Tian, Z S Zhang, Y Guo, Y Lv, Z W Yang, G J Hou
There exist controversies in the surgical treatment of maisonneuve injury with regard to reduction and fixation of syndesmosis and management of proximal fibular fracture. It is very important for the orthopaedic surgeons to learn more techniques and avoid pitfalls from clinical practice. We summarized the clinical data of 1 failed case, a 20-year-old girl with big body weight who underwent a primary surgery for the treatment of maisonneuve fracture with minimally invasive reduction and fixation of ankle syndesmosis and posterior malleolus and open reduction and internal fixation of medial malleolus, then a revision surgery for the treatment of iatrogenic syndesmotic malreduction with open reduction and re-stabilization of ankle syndesmosis supplemented with open reduction and internal fixation of proximal fibular facture...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416839/-a-correlation-analysis-of-the-ankle-ct-and-ankle-fracture-classification
#8
X F Gong, Y W Lyu, J H Wang, Y Wang, Y Wu, M Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the CT features of ankle fracture and to analyze the relationship between the CT images and the most commonly used ankle fracture classification. METHODS: With 369 cases of adult ankle fractures analyzed retrospectively, the CT images 1 cm above the ankle joint and its characteristics, the Danis-Weber classification of ankle fracture were studied, and so was the relationship between CT images and the fracture classification. RESULTS: There were 8 forms of CT images...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410782/posterior-arthroscopic-tibiotalar-arthrodesis-anatomic-feasibility-study
#9
Louis Malekpour, Said Rahali, Damien Potage, Fabrice Duparc, Franck Dujardin, Xavier Roussignol
Anterior arthroscopic tibiotalar arthrodesis has been well codified. A posterior approach with the patient in prone position is indicated when the anterior approach is precluded by soft tissue issues or for a 1-step procedure associated with posterior subtalar fusion. In an anatomic study, we assessed the feasibility of posterior arthroscopic tibiotalar fusion and sought to determine the arthroscopy entry points, mortise cartilage freshening quality, and risk of osseous, tendinous, vascular, and neural complications...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408163/angioleiomyoma-in-the-posterior-knee-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Raymond Klumpp, Riccardo Compagnoni, Gianluigi Patelli, Carlo Lauro Trevisan
The authors present a case of angioleiomyoma situated in the posterior knee. A 47-year-old Caucasian woman presented in 2011 with recurrent stabbing pain on the lateral aspect of her right knee. She reported having pain for the last 6years. She had no history of trauma. In 2008 she was treated with a diagnostic arthroscopy and transposition of the tibial tuberosity, with no benefit to her symptoms. Electromyography of the lower limbs showed asymmetry of the amplitude of sensitive action potential of the superficial fibular nerve...
April 10, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407360/the-anterolateral-ligament-a-cadaveric-study-in-foetuses
#11
Ainhoa Nekane Toro-Ibarguen, Juan Pretell-Mazzini, Elena Pérez, Isabel Pedrajas, Juan Miguel Cano-Egea, Jose Ramón Sanudo
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the presence and morphology of the anterolateral ligament (ALL) of the knee in a sample of fetuses. We hypothesized that the ALL is present in sample fetuses and its origin is not related to repetitive stresses throughout life. MATERIAL & METHODS: Forty fresh-frozen knees from cadaveric fetuses were dissected using a standard technique. The ALL and other structures in the anterolateral compartment of the knee were identified...
April 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407266/hereditary-neuropathy-with-liability-to-pressure-palsy-in-patients-under-thirty-neurophysiological-data-and-proposed-electrodiagnostic-criteria
#12
Florence Robert-Varvat, Guillemette Jousserand, Françoise Bouhour, Christophe Vial, Pascal Cintas, Andoni Echaniz-Laguna, Emilien Delmont, Pierre Clavelou, Guy Chauplannaz, Laurent Jomir, Yann Péreon, Sarah Léonard-Louis, Véronique Manel, Jean-Christophe Antoine, Arnaud Lacour, Jean-Philippe Camdessanché
INTRODUCTION: In young patients with mononeuropathy who lack family history and precipitating factors, hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsy (HNPP) may be a possibility. Our objective is to propose neurophysiological criteria for HNPP in patients aged <30 years. METHODS: We conducted a national multicenter retrospective clinical and neurophysiological study in patients under 30 with genetically confirmed HNPP. RESULTS: All of the 51 included patients had at least 1 demyelinating pattern in 2 asymptomatic nerves, and 3 abnormalities were found in almost 90%, including slowed motor nerve conduction velocity across the elbow in at least 1 ulnar nerve (97...
April 13, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403726/gastrocnemius-recession-a-cadaveric-study-of-surgical-safety-and-effectiveness
#13
Eva M Hoefnagels, Stephen M Belkoff, Bart A Swierstra
Background and purpose - Many methods of gastrocnemius lengthening have been described, with different surgical challenges, outcomes, and risks to the sural nerve. Our aims were (1) to locate the gastrocnemius muscular-tendinous junction in relation to the mid-length of the fibula (from here on designated the mid-fibula), (2) to compare the dorsiflexion achieved with dorsal recession or ventral recession, and (3) to determine the risk of injury to the sural nerve during gastrocnemius recession. Methods - In 10 pairs of fresh-frozen adult cadaveric lower extremities transected above the knee, we measured dorsiflexion, performed dorsal or ventral gastrocnemius recession at the mid-fibula, and then measured the increase in dorsiflexion and fasciotomy gap...
April 13, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400670/gorham-s-disease-in-humerus-treated-with-autogenous-vascularized-fibular-graft
#14
Jeung Woo Kim, Hong Je Kang, Dong Chul Kim, Chang Hyun Shin
Gorham's disease is a rare disorder of the bone characterized by progressive massive osteolysis. The pathophysiology is unknown, and diagnosis is often difficult. Most cases are often recognized retrospectively. There is no standardized treatment and management for Gorham's disease. We report a case of an 18-year-old male presenting with a pathologic fracture in the humerus shaft diagnosed with Gorham's disease. Patient was treated with autogenous vascularized fibular graft with wide excision and a 10 years followup after first surgery...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393309/free-non-vascularized-fibular-graft-for-treatment-of-large-bone-defect-around-the-elbow-in-pediatric-patients
#15
Kamolporn Kaewpornsawan, Perajit Eamsobhana
BACKGROUND: Large bone defect is a challenging problem in orthopedics practice. Several methods are available for bridging of these bone defects, including cancellous bone graft, free vascularized fibula graft, and bone transport with external ring fixator. The aim of this study was to describe our experience in nine pediatric cases of free non-vascularized autogenous fibular strut bone graft in which large bone defect and bone loss of >7 cm was caused by open fracture and infective nonunion around the elbow joint...
April 9, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389878/the-effects-of-different-hinge-positions-on-posterior-tibial-slope-in-medial-open-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy
#16
Ho-Seung Jo, Jin-Sung Park, June-Ho Byun, Young-Bok Lee, Young-Lac Choi, Seong-Hee Cho, Dong-Kyu Moon, Sang-Hyuk Lee, Sun-Chul Hwang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the standard hinge position to minimize effects from medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) on the posterior tibial slope. METHODS: Sixteen cadaveric knees underwent medial open-wedge osteotomy using either the standard or the low hinge position. To define the standard hinge position, a line 3 cm inferior to the medial tibial plateau towards the fibular head and located its intersection with a longitudinal line 1 cm medial to the fibular shaft was drawn...
April 7, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388831/estrogen-signaling-is-necessary-for-exercise-mediated-enhancement-of-motoneuron-participation-in-axon-regeneration-after-peripheral-nerve-injury-in-mice
#17
Melina C Acosta, Patricia A Copley, Jamie R Harrell, Jennifer C Wilhelm
Thousands of people each year suffer from peripheral nerve injury. Treatment options are limited, and recovery is often incomplete. Treadmill exercise can enhance nerve regeneration; however, this appears to occur in a sex-dependent manner. Females respond best to short duration, high speed interval training; whereas, males respond best to slower, continuous training. Previous studies have shown a role for testosterone in this process, but the role of estrogen is unknown. To evaluate the role of estrogen signaling in treadmill exercise, we blocked estrogen receptor (ER) signaling during treadmill exercise in males and female wild type mice...
April 7, 2017: Developmental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387148/malignant-triton-tumor-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-with-rhabdomyoblastic-differentiation-occurring-in-a-vascularized-free-flap-reconstruction-graft
#18
Roopa Ram, Jerad Gardner, Sindhura Alapati, Kedar Jambhekar, Tarun Pandey, Corey Montgomery, Richard Nicholas
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a rare form of sarcoma arising from Schwann cells or pluripotent cells of the neural crest. Malignant triton tumor (MTT) is a subtype of MPNST with a component of malignant rhabdomyoblasts in addition to malignant Schwann cells. MPNST and MTT are both aggressive malignancies that most commonly arise from large deep neurofibromas in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1). However, sporadic non-NF-1 cases of MTT have also been reported in the literature...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382920/surgical-treatment-of-a-proximal-diaphyseal-tibial-deformity-associated-with-partial-caudal-and-cranial-cruciate-ligament-deficiency-and-patella-baja
#19
S Vincenti, S Knell, A Pozzi
Caudal cruciate ligament injury can be a complication following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) (Slocum und Slocum, 1993) especially if the post-operative Tibial Plateau Angle (TPA) is less than 5 degree. We describe a case of negative TPA associated with partial cranial and caudal ligament rupture treated with a center of rotation of angulation (CORA) based cranial tibial opening wedge osteotomy and tibial tuberosity transposition. A 13 kg, mixed breed dog was presented for right pelvic limb lameness...
April 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376439/subclinical-peroneal-neuropathy-a-common-unrecognized-and-preventable-finding-associated-with-a-recent-history-of-falling-in-hospitalized-patients
#20
Louis H Poppler, Andrew P Groves, Gina Sacks, Anchal Bansal, Kristen M Davidge, Jenifer A Sledge, Heidi Tymkew, Yan Yan, Jessica M Hasak, Patricia Potter, Susan E Mackinnon
PURPOSE: Identification of modifiable risk factors for falling is paramount in reducing the incidence and morbidity of falling. Peroneal neuropathy with an overt foot drop is a known risk factor for falling, but research into subclinical peroneal neuropathy (SCPN) resulting from compression at the fibular head is lacking. The purpose of our study was to determine the prevalence of SCPN in hospitalized patients and establish whether it is associated with a recent history of falling. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 100 medical inpatients at a large academic tertiary care hospital in St Louis, Missouri...
November 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
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