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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210804/ankle-valgus-following-non-vascularized-fibular-grafts-in-children-an-outcome-evaluation-minimum-two%C3%A2-years-after-fibular-harvest
#1
Anil Agarwal, Deepak Kumar, Nargesh Agrawal, Neeraj Gupta
BACKGROUND: The literature on ankle valgus development after procuring non-vascularised fibular grafts in children is still scanty. The non-vascularised fibular graft has distinction of fibular regeneration occurring at the donor site. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the valgus deformities at the donor leg following harvest of non-vascularised fibular graft to determine the various contributing factors in growing children. All these patients had minimum two years post index procedure follow up...
February 16, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186424/defining-local-nerve-blocks-for-feline-distal-pelvic-limb-surgery-a-cadaveric-study
#2
Masataka Enomoto, B Duncan X Lascelles, Mathew P Gerard
Objectives Anatomical and methodological detail is lacking regarding local anesthetic peripheral nerve block techniques for distal pelvic limb surgery in cats. The aim of this study was to develop, describe and test nerve block methods based on cadaveric dissections and dye injections. Methods Ten pairs of feline pelvic limbs (n = 20) were dissected and the tibial nerve (T n.), common fibular (peroneal) nerve (CF n., and its two branches, the superficial fibular [peroneal] nerve [SpF n.] and the deep fibular [peroneal] nerve [DpF n...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183050/deep-peroneal-nerve-palsy-due-to-osteochondroma-arising-from-fibular-head-and-proximal-lateral-tibia
#3
Murat Demiroğlu, Korhan Özkan, Bulent Kılıç, Akif Akçal, Mesut Akkaya, Feyza Ünlü Özkan
Following median and ulnar nerves, peroneal nerve entrapment is the most frequent nerve involvement in the body Katirji and Wilbourn (1998) [1]. Osteochondromas are the most common benign bone tumors comprising 9% of all bone tumors and 35% of benign bone tumors Porter (2000) [2]. Hereditary exostoses (HME) is an autosomal dominant disorder with variable penetrance characterized by multiple osteochondromas near joints. It is one of the most commonskeletal dysplasias with a frequency of about 1.18%. In this study, we aimed to present a case with a drop foot resulting from osteochondromas of proximal tibia and fibula and help to guide the clinicians in differential diagnosis according to SCARE criteria Agha (2016) [3]...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177329/fibular-osteofasciocutaneous-flap-in-computer-assisted-mandibular-reconstruction-technical-aspects-in-oral-malignancies
#4
M Berrone, E Crosetti, P L Tos, M Pentenero, G Succo
Virtual surgical planning technology in head and neck surgery is witnessing strong growth. In the literature, the validity of the method from the point of view of accuracy and clinical utility has been widely documented, especially for bone modelling. To date, however, with its increased use in head and neck oncology, and consequently the increased need for bone and soft tissue reconstruction, is important to carry out the virtual programme considering not only bone reconstruction but also all aspects related to the reconstruction of soft tissue using composite flaps...
December 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173717/double-plating-of-distal-fibula-fractures
#5
Danica D Vance, J Turner Vosseller
INTRODUCTION: Distal fibula fractures are common orthopaedic injuries that often require open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) to anatomically reduce the fracture and minimize the risk of posttraumatic arthritis. In certain clinical situations, stouter fixation may be advantageous to decrease the risk of fixation failure. In this study, the authors report on 12 patients who underwent distal fibula ORIF with 2 one-third tubular plates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients who underwent distal fibula ORIF with 2 one-third tubular plates were retrospectively reviewed...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167058/posterior-malleolar-fractures-changing-concepts-and-recent-developments
#6
REVIEW
Jan Bartoníček, Stefan Rammelt, Michal Tuček
Injuries to the posterior malleolus are of prognostic relevance in ankle fracture-dislocations. The three-dimensional outline of the fragments as reflected by computed tomography classification, involvement of the fibular notch, and the presence of intercalary fragments seem to be of greater therapeutic relevance than the size of the fragment and amount of the articular surface involved. Operative treatment aims at reconstruction of the posterior tibial plafond, the fibular notch, and the integrity of the posterior inferior tibiofibular syndesmosis...
March 2017: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164055/proximal-tibial-epiphysis-injury-flexion-type-salter-harris-type-1
#7
Pratik Israni, Mangesh Panat
INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the proximal tibial epiphysis rare. It has been estimated that fractures of the upper tibial epiphysis account for 0.5-3.1% of all epiphyseal injuries. Who had no neurovascular deficit, with fixed extension deformity at the left knee was treated early with closed reduction techniques. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a 16-year-old boy who while playing cricket on the road was hit by a car. The patient presented in emergency room with extremely swollen knee and soft tissue swelling (hemarthrosis), he was unable to lift his leg actively due to severe pain because of hamstrings spasm, and he had no wound over his left knee and had no other associated injuries...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161089/are-electrophysiological-features-related-to-disability-in-patients-with-anti-mag-neuropathy
#8
Aude Gesquière-Dando, Emilien Delmont, Mael Launay, Jose Boucraut, Sharham Attarian
OBJECTIVES: To explore clinical-neurophysiological correlations in anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein (anti-MAG) neuropathy. METHODS: Clinical and electrophysiological data of 42 patients with anti-MAG neuropathy were retrospectively analysed. Disability was evaluated using the Overall Neuropathy Limitation Scale (ONLS), motor impairment through MRC sum score and sensory deficiency through INCAT sensory score. Compound motor action potential (CMAP) sum score was calculated adding the distal CMAP amplitude of the median, ulnar, tibial and fibular nerves of both sides...
February 1, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159051/an-uncommon-case-of-irreducible-ankle-fracture-dislocation-the-bosworth-like-tibio-fibular-fracture
#9
Michele Cappuccio, Danilo Leonetti, Berardo Di Matteo, Domenico Tigani
An irreducible ankle-fracture dislocation characterized by the dislocation of the proximal fragment of the fibula posteriorly to the tibial tubercle is defined as "Bosworth injury". In the present report it is described, for the first time in literature, a complex case where the Bosworth injury was associated to a tibial plafond fracture: the proximal fibular fragment was entrapped between the tibial pilon and the fractured posterior tibial tubercle, which acted as a clamp, thus avoiding ankle reduction. Due to the presence of the tibial fracture, it was not possible to observe the typical radiological signs of Bosworth injury and therefore two unsuccessful reductions were attempted before performing a CT scan that revealed the complexity of the case, that required an immediate ORIF procedure to prevent the onset of complications...
March 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159044/a-simplified-validated-protocol-for-measuring-fibular-reduction-on-ankle-ct
#10
Christopher Patrick Prior, James Christopher Widnall, Amer Kemall Rehman, David Marc Weller, Edward Vaughan Wood
BACKGROUND: Inadequate ankle syndesmotic reduction is a common and important cause of poor outcome after surgery. It is not clear what magnitude or planes of displacement impact most. Many computerised tomography (CT) measurement techniques rely on landmarks that are difficult to reproduce, and none measure all types of mal-positioning in a single protocol. The purpose of this study was to design and validate a protocol for measuring the distal tibio-fibular relationship. METHODS: We devised a method for measuring fibular diastasis, antero-posterior translation (APT) and fibular length on CT images...
March 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153563/perforator-free-flaps-in-head-and-neck-reconstruction-a-single-center-low-volume-experience
#11
Annelies Weckx, Natalie Loomans, Olivier Lenssen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to investigate the results of free-flap reconstructions in the head and neck area in a secondary low-volume institution and compare these with the literature. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was performed of all patients who underwent free-flap reconstructive surgery in our institution from January 9, 2011, to July 12, 2015, by one young surgeon in a one-team approach. The types of flaps applied, defect sites, pathology, anastomotic details, success and complication rates, lengths of stay, and patients' ages and comorbidities were analyzed...
December 7, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149722/combined-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-anterolateral-ligament-reconstruction
#12
Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet, Matt Daggett, Camilo Partezani Helito, Jean-Marie Fayard, Mathieu Thaunat
Despite technologic advances in the surgical technique for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, some patients continue to have rotational instability postoperatively. Recently, authors have reported the anatomic and functional characteristics of the anterolateral ligament (ALL), a structure that originates near the lateral epicondyle on the femur and inserts on the tibia between the Gerdy tubercle and the fibular head. Recent biomechanical studies have shown the ALL is an important stabilizer against anterolateral tibial rotation, and its reconstruction has shown excellent initial clinical results...
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144722/presence-of-rotational-errors-in-long-leg-radiographs-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-and-impact-on-measured-lower-limb-and-component-alignment
#13
Günther Maderbacher, Clemens Baier, Achim Benditz, Ferdinand Wagner, Felix Greimel, Joachim Grifka, Armin Keshmiri
PURPOSE: Rotation of the lower limb in weight bearing long leg radiographs has a great impact on measured component and lower limb alignment parameters. We asked which rotational errors of long leg radiographs are present in a high volume centre and which radiological and clinical consequences arise regarding measured coronal component and lower limb alignment after total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: In 100 long leg radiographs coronal femoral and tibial component alignment and hip knee ankle angle (HKA) were measured...
January 31, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139516/effects-of-head-down-tilt-on-nerve-conduction-in-rhesus-monkeys
#14
Bo Sun, Xiao-Yun Zhang, Li-Zhi Liu, Zhao-Hui Chen, Zhong-Quan Dai, Xu-Sheng Huang
BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on peripheral nerve conduction during exposure to microgravity. The -6° head-down tilt (HDT) comprises an experimental model used to simulate the space flight environment. This study investigated nerve conduction characteristics of rhesus monkeys before and after prolonged exposure to HDT. METHODS: Six rhesus monkeys (3-4 years old) were tilted backward 6° from the horizontal. Nerve conduction studies (NCSs) were performed on the median, ulnar, tibial, and fibular motor nerves...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133198/-a-case-of-pancreatic-metastasis-of-osteosarcoma-resected-using-laparoscopic-spleen-preserving-distal-pancreatectomy
#15
Hirochika Toyama, Sadaki Asari, Tadahiro Goto, Sachio Terai, Sachiyo Shirakawa, Yoshihide Nanno, Takuya Mizumoto, Takumi Fukumoto, Tetsuo Ajiki, Masahiro Kido, Motofumi Tanaka, Taku Matsumoto, Hisoka Kinoshita, Kaori Kuramitsu, Yonson Ku
A 44-year-old woman underwent surgical resection and received preoperative and postoperative chemotherapy for conventional osteosarcoma in the right fibular head. Three years later, follow-up PET-CT revealed accumulation ofFDG in the tail ofthe pancreas. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a 13mm well-circumscribed hypovascular tumor. EUS showed a heterogeneous solid tumor, which was diagnosed as metastasis ofosteosarcoma to the pancreas. Laparoscopic spleen preserving distal pancreatectomy(LAP-SPDP)was performed...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131483/simulating-clamp-placement-across-the-trans-syndesmotic-angle-of-the-ankle-to-minimize-malreduction-a-radiological-study
#16
Sara M Putnam, Michael S Linn, Amanda Spraggs-Hughes, Christopher M McAndrew, William M Ricci, Michael J Gardner
BACKGROUND: Ankle fractures associated with syndesmotic injury have a poorer prognosis than those without such an injury. Anatomic reduction of the distal tibiofibular joint restores joint congruency and minimizes contact pressures, yet operative fixation of syndesmotic ankle injuries is frequently complicated by malreduction of the syndesmosis. Current methods of assessing reduction have been shown to be inadequate. As such, additional methods to judge the accuracy of syndesmotic reduction are required...
January 13, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120337/effect-of-hip-and-knee-position-on-nerve-conduction-in-the-common-fibular-nerve
#17
Peter Kaas Broadhurst, Lawrence R Robinson
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to measure the influence that hip and knee position have on routine fibular motor nerve conduction studies. METHODS: Healthy subjects under age 40 were recruited (n=24) to have fibular nerve conduction studies completed in various positions, using hip extension-knee extension as a control. RESULTS: A mean increase in conduction velocity of 2.5 m/s across the knee (p = 0.020) was seen during hip flexion compared with hip extension...
January 24, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120017/-sciatic-nerve-block-out-of-plane-distal-to-the-bifurcation-effective-and-safe
#18
T Geiser, J Apel, O Vicent, J Büttner
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound guided distal sciatic nerve block (DSB) at bifurcation level shows fast onset and provides excellent success rates. However, its safe performance might be difficult for the unexperienced physician. Just slightly distal to the bifurcation, the tibial nerve (TN) and common fibular nerve (CFN) can be shown clearly separated from each other. Therefore, we investigated if a block done here would provide similar quality results compared to the DSB proximally to the division, with a potentially lower risk of nerve damage...
January 24, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119836/diagnostic-cutoff-value-for-ultrasonography-of-the-common-fibular-neuropathy-at-the-fibular-head
#19
Ji Yeon Kim, Seojin Song, Hye Jung Park, Won Ihl Rhee, Sun Jae Won
OBJECTIVE: To establish the diagnostic cutoff value of ultrasonographic measurement for common fibular neuropathy (CFN) at the fibular head (FH). METHODS: Twenty patients with electrodiagnostically diagnosed CFN at the FH and 30 healthy controls were included in the study. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of sciatic nerve at mid-thigh level, common fibular nerve at popliteal fossa (PF), and common fibular (CF) nerve at FH were measured. Additionally, the difference of CF nerve CSA at the FH between symptomatic side and asymptomatic side (ΔSx-Asx), the ratio of CF nerve CSA at FH to at PF (FH/PF), and the ratio of CF nerve CSA at the FH symptomatic side to asymptomatic side (Ratio Sx-Asx) were calculated...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118194/ameloblastoma-in-a-patient-with-williams-syndrome-and-use-of-fibular-flap
#20
Fatma Betul Tuncer, Bulent Sacak, Zeynep Deniz Akdeniz, Ozhan Celebiler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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