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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054903/barriers-to-safe-abortion-access-uterine-rupture-as-complication-of-unsafe-abortion-in-a-ugandan-girl
#1
Rose McKeon Olson, Solomon Kamurari
A 15-year-old girl at 18 weeks gestation by the last menstrual period presented to a rural Ugandan healthcare facility for termination of her pregnancy as a result of rape by her uncle. Skilled healthcare workers at the facility refused to provide the abortion due to fear of legal repercussions. The patient subsequently obtained an unsafe abortion by vaginal insertion of local herbs and sharp objects. She developed profuse vaginal bleeding and haemorrhagic shock. She was found to have uterine rupture and emergent hysterectomy was performed...
October 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026545/resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-as-an-adjunct-for-hemorrhagic-shock-due-to-uterine-rupture-a-case-report
#2
Asami Okada, Osamu Nakamoto, Maya Komori, Hideki Arimoto, Hiroshi Rinka, Hiroaki Nakamura
Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a life-saving procedure used to control bleeding and maintain blood pressure temporarily in traumatic hemorrhagic shock. Uterine rupture and placenta accreta provoke uncontrollable massive hemorrhaging. REBOA may be useful for hemodynamic stabilization to prevent cardiac arrest in high-risk pregnancy.
October 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791290/placental-malaria-a-new-insight-into-the-pathophysiology
#3
REVIEW
Lalita Sharma, Geeta Shukla
Malaria in pregnancy poses a great health risk to mother and her fetus and results into complications, such as abortion, still birth, intra uterine growth retardation, and low birth weight. The heavy infiltration of Plasmodium falciparum-infected RBCs in the intervillous spaces of placenta seems to be responsible for all the complications observed. Infected RBCs in the placenta cause an inflammatory environment with increase in inflammatory cells and cytokines which is deleterious to the placenta. Increased inflammatory responses in the infected placenta result into oxidative stress that in turn causes oxidative stress-induced placental cell death...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725564/post-partum-streptococcal-toxic-shock-syndrome-associated-with-necrotizing-fasciitis
#4
Wei Chuan Chua, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan, Saedah Ali, Sanihah Che Omar, Wan Mohd Nazaruddin Wan Hassan, S Praveena Seevaunnantum, Rhendra Hardy Mohd Zaini, Mohd Hasyizan Hassan, Alwi Muhd Besari, Zaidah Abd Rahman, Zeti Norfidiyati Salmuna Ayub, Sabrina Abd Ghani, Normalinda Yaacob, Wan Rosilawati Wan Rosli
We report a fatal case of post-partum streptococcal toxic shock syndrome in a patient who was previously healthy and had presented to the emergency department with an extensive blistering ecchymotic lesions over her right buttock and thigh associated with severe pain. The pregnancy had been uncomplicated, and the mode of delivery had been spontaneous vaginal delivery with an episiotomy. She was found to have septicemic shock requiring high inotropic support. Subsequently, she was treated for necrotizing fasciitis, complicated by septicemic shock and multiple organ failures...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681830/isolation-of-salmonella-typhi-from-high-vaginal-swab-in-a-case-of-septic-abortion
#5
Pragnya Paramita Jena, Shalini Dewan Duggal, Avinash Kumar, Tanisha Bharara, Abha Sharma, Renu Gur
Salmonella Typhi can be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in pregnant females with adverse outcomes. Risk of infections increases manifold during pregnancy due to hormonal changes and immunological phenomena. S. Typhi has the ability to cross placenta (vertical transmission) resulting in miscarriage, stillbirth or premature labour. We report a case of a pregnant female who was admitted to emergency department with fever, missed abortion and hypovolaemic shock. Subsequently, S. Typhi was isolated from her high vaginal swab and blood cultures...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658852/severe-puerperal-sepsis-a-simmering-menace
#6
Sheeba Marwah, Sonam R Topden, Manjula Sharma, Ritin Mohindra, Pratima Mittal
INTRODUCTION: Even decades after the development of effective low-cost antibiotics, sepsis persists as the foremost cause of preventable maternal death worldwide. In developing countries like India, where the paramount impediment to intervention is poverty, maternal mortality due to sepsis is a continuing representation of maternal health inequality. AIM: To determine the incidence, risk factors and mortality in women presenting with puerperal sepsis in a tertiary care health facility in India...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585847/-uterine-inversion
#7
L Mužná, R Pilka
AIM: Summarize the literature on the inversion of the uterus. DESIGN: A review article. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, SZZ Krnov, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital, Palacky University, Olomouc. METHOD: Literature review was conducted using the following key words. There were included articles published in English since 1980, from which relevant data were obtained. RESULTS: In the literature the general occurrence is broad, ranging from 1:27 000 in the UK to 1:1739 in the US, where it varies greatly according to geographic location...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356662/pregnancy-related-acute-kidney-injury-an-analysis-of-165-cases
#8
E Mahesh, S Puri, V Varma, P R Madhyastha, S Bande, K C Gurudev
Pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (PRAKI) contributes to 3-7% of overall acute kidney injury (AKI) cases in Indian subcontinent. The aim of this study was to determine the outcomes of PRAKI and risk factors associated with renal injury and maternal mortality. One hundred and sixty-five patients with PRAKI, seen at M. S. Ramaiah Medical College between 2005 and 2014, were included in this, observational study. AKI was analyzed in terms of maximal stage of renal injury attained as per Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss of function, and End-stage renal disease (RIFLE) criteria...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302642/pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-an-analysis-of-120-contemporary-cases
#9
REVIEW
Ofer Havakuk, Sorel Goland, Anil Mehra, Uri Elkayam
BACKGROUND: Because of the rarity of this condition, information on pregnancy-associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection is limited. We reviewed a large number of contemporary pregnancy-associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection cases in an attempt to define the clinical characteristics and provide management recommendations. METHODS AND RESULTS: A literature search for cases of pregnancy-associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection reported between 2000 and 2015 included 120 cases; 75% presented with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, and 80% had anterior myocardial infarction...
March 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161055/maternal-type-1-diabetes-activates-stress-response-in-early-placenta
#10
Martin Gauster, Alejandro Majali-Martinez, Sabine Maninger, Elisabeth Gutschi, Patrick H Greimel, Marina Ivanisevic, Josip Djelmis, Gernot Desoye, Ursula Hiden
INTRODUCTION: Human pregnancy and in particular the first trimester, is a period highly susceptible towards adverse insults such as oxidative stress, which may lead to inadequate embryonic and feto-placental development. Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased oxidative stress caused by hyperglycemia, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and inflammatory signals. In pregnancy, diabetes elevates the risk for early pregnancy loss, preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction, pathologies that origin from early placental maldevelopment...
February 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835031/cardiogenic-shock-in-pregnancy-analysis-from-the-national-inpatient-sample
#11
Jennifer Banayan, Sarosh Rana, Ariel Mueller, Avery Tung, Hadi Ramadan, Zoltan Arany, Junaid Nizamuddin, Victor Novack, Barbara Scavone, Samuel M Brown, Sajid Shahul
OBJECTIVE: Cardiogenic shock (CS) may occur during pregnancy and dramatically worsen peripartum outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed the National Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2013 to describe the incidence of, risk factors for and outcomes of CS during pregnancy. RESULTS: Of the 53,794,192 hospitalizations analyzed, 2044 were complicated by CS. The mortality rate in peripartum women with CS was 18.81% versus 0.02% without. It occurs more often during postpartum (58...
May 2017: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771603/atraumatic-diplaced-bilateral-femoral-neck-fracture-in-a-patient-with-hypophosphatemic-rickets-in-postpartum-period-a-missed-diagnosis
#12
Erdal Uzun, Ali Eray Günay, Turan Bilge Kızkapan, Mahmut Mutlu
INTRODUCTION: Simultaneous bilateral femoral neck fracture is an uncommon condition. There are very few cases reported in the literature and most of these cases have underlying bone pathologies such as renal osteodystrophy and osteomalacia. In some cases bilateral femoral neck fractures occur due to generalized seizures or high-energy trauma. PRESENTATION OF CASE: In this case report "atraumatic bilateral femoral neck fracture in a 26year old woman in postpartum period with hypophosphatemic rickets disease" is presented...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651571/study-of-obstetric-admissions-to-the-intensive-care-unit-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#13
Ashakiran T Rathod, K V Malini
PURPOSE: To analyze obstetric admissions to intensive care unit and to identify the risk factors responsible for intensive care admission. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of all obstetric cases admitted to the intensive care unit over a period of 3 years. Data were collected from case records. The risk factors responsible for ICU admission were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 765 obstetric admissions to ICU accounting for 1.24 % of all deliveries...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597956/low-neonatal-mortality-and-high-incidence-of-infectious-diseases-in-a-vietnamese-province-hospital
#14
Binh T T Ho, Alexandra Y Kruse, Hue T H Le, Phuong N Cam, Freddy K Pedersen
Background. Neonatal deaths constitute the majority of child mortality in Vietnam, but studies are scarce and focus on community settings. Methods. During a 12-month period, all sick neonates admitted to a pediatric department in a province hospital were studied. Potential risk factors of death covering sociodemographic factors, pregnancy history, previous neonatal period, and status on admission were registered. The neonates were followed up until discharge or death or until 28 completed days of age if still hospitalized or until withdrawal of life support...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386763/intensive-care-and-pregnancy-epidemiology-and-general-principles-of-management-of-obstetrics-icu-patients-during-pregnancy
#15
REVIEW
Laurent Zieleskiewicz, Anne Chantry, Gary Duclos, Aurelie Bourgoin, Alexandre Mignon, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux, Marc Leone
In developed countries, the rate of obstetric ICU admissions (admission during pregnancy or the postpartum period) is between 0.5 and 4 per 1000 deliveries and the overall case-fatality rate is about 2%. The most two common causes of obstetric ICU admissions concerned direct obstetric pathologies: obstetric hemorrhage and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. This review summarized the principles of management of critically ill pregnant patient. Its imply taking care of two patients in the same time. A coordinated multidisciplinary team including intensivists, anesthesiologists, obstetricians, pediatricians and pharmacists is therefore necessary...
October 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26942347/clinical-characteristics-of-and-preventative-strategies-for-peripartum-group-a-streptococcal-infections
#16
Shiri Shinar, Yuval Fouks, Sharon Amit, David Pauzner, Jalal Tarabeia, Vered Schechner, Ariel Many
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical characteristics in parturients with group A streptococcal infection and suggest preventive strategies. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all group A streptococci cultures from women presenting with peripartum fever or abdominal tenderness between January 2008 and May 2015 in a university hospital. Records and epidemiologic investigations of patients and staff were reviewed. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients with group A streptococci cultures were identified, with an incidence of one identified postpartum group A streptococcal infection per 2,837 deliveries...
February 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928981/pregnancy-associated-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-insights-from-a-case-series-of-13-patients
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jamil R Cade, Gilberto Szarf, Maria Eduarda M de Siqueira, Áurea Chaves, Júlio C M Andréa, Hélio R Figueira, Manuel M Gomes, Bárbara P Freitas, Juliana Filgueiras Medeiros, Márcio Ricardo Dos Santos, Walter B Fiorotto, Augusto Daige, Rosaly Gonçalves, Marcelo Cantarelli, Cláudia Maria Rodrigues Alves, Leandro Echenique, Fábio S de Brito, Marco A Perin, Daniel Born, Harvey Hecht, Adriano Caixeta
AIMS: We sought to present a series of 13 pregnancy-associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection (P-SCAD), their angiographic and multimodal imaging findings, acute phase treatment, and outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2005 and 2015, 13 cases of P-SCAD were collected from a database of 11 tertiary hospitals. The mean age was 33.8 ± 3.7 years; most patients had no risk factors for coronary artery disease, and the majority were multiparous. P-SCAD occurred during the puerperium in 12 patients with a median time of 10 days...
January 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26899175/effects-of-in-utero-environment-and-maternal-behavior-on-neuroendocrine-and-behavioral-alterations-in-a-mouse-model-of-prenatal-trauma
#18
Y Golub, F Canneva, R Funke, S Frey, J Distler, S von Hörsten, C M Freitag, O Kratz, G H Moll, J Solati
Maternal posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following trauma exposure during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of affective disorders in children. To investigate the mechanisms by which prenatal trauma and/or maternal PTSD affect brain development and behavior we established a mouse model of prenatal traumatic (PT) experience based on the application of an electric foot shock to C57Bl/6N female mice on the gestational day 12 during their pregnancy. The model is based on a previously validated animal model of PTSD...
November 2016: Developmental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26626553/-diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-pulmonary-embolism-esc-guidelines-2014
#19
J A Saar, C Maack
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) still represents a challenge regarding a rapid diagnosis and a risk-adapted therapy. In the 2014 guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) on the diagnosis and management of acute PE, several new recommendations have been issued based on new study data. Some established scores for risk stratification were developed further and there is now good evidence for the use of age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off levels. For the risk stratification in patients without clinical features of shock, the utilization of the pulmonary embolism severity index (PESI) and simplified PESI (sPESI) scores is recommended...
December 2015: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26542046/asymptomatic-bacteriuria-and-bacterial-interference
#20
REVIEW
Lindsay E Nicolle
Asymptomatic bacteriuria is very common. In healthy women, asymptomatic bacteriuria increases with age, from <1% in newborns to 10% to 20% of women age 80 years, but is uncommon in men until after age 50 years. Individuals with underlying genitourinary abnormalities, including indwelling devices, may also have a high frequency of asymptomatic bacteriuria, irrespective of age or gender. The prevalence is very high in residents of long-term-care facilities, from 25% to 50% of women and 15% to 40% of men. Escherichia coli is the most frequent organism isolated, but a wide variety of other organisms may occur...
October 2015: Microbiology Spectrum
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