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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489721/tear-cytokine-levels-in-contact-lens-wearers-with-acanthamoeba-keratitis
#1
Nicole Carnt, Vicente M Montanez, Grazyna Galatowicz, Neyme Veli, Virginia Calder
PURPOSE: To determine differences in key tear film cytokines between mild and severe cases of acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) and control contact lens (CL) wearers. METHODS: This was a prospective study of CL wearers with AK attending Moorfields Eye Hospital and control CL wearers from the Institute of Optometry, London. Basal tear specimens were collected by 10-μL capillary tubes (BLAUBRAND intraMark, Wertheim, Germany), and tear protein levels were measured with a multiplex magnetic bead array (Luminex 100; Luminex Corporation, Austin, TX) for cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-17A, IL-17E, IL-17F, IL-22, and interferon gamma and with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Abcam, Cambridge, United Kingdom) for CXCL2...
May 9, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470770/a-proposed-minimum-data-set-for-international-primary-care-optometry-a-modified-delphi-study
#2
Christopher J Davey, Sarah V Slade, Darren Shickle
PURPOSE: To identify a minimum list of metrics of international relevance to public health, research and service development which can be extracted from practice management systems and electronic patient records in primary optometric practice. METHODS: A two stage modified Delphi technique was used. Stage 1 categorised metrics that may be recorded as being part of a primary eye examination by their importance to research using the results from a previous survey of 40 vision science and public health academics...
May 4, 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453427/visioncite-a-vision-science-related-database
#3
Karen S Lamson, Elizabeth G Hinton
VisionCite is a database dedicated to the visual sciences. This paid subscription database provides bibliographic information for optometry and ophthalmology-related resources and is maintained by the Illinois College of Optometry (ICO) Library. A sample search is provided, highlighting different features of the newly redesigned database.
April 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407009/treatment-coverage-rates-for-refractive-error-in-the-national-eye-health-survey
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Joshua Foreman, Jing Xie, Stuart Keel, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
OBJECTIVE: To present treatment coverage rates and risk factors associated with uncorrected refractive error in Australia. METHODS: Thirty population clusters were randomly selected from all geographic remoteness strata in Australia to provide samples of 1738 Indigenous Australians aged 40 years and older and 3098 non-Indigenous Australians aged 50 years and older. Presenting visual acuity was measured and those with vision loss (worse than 6/12) underwent pinhole testing and hand-held auto-refraction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403456/national-survey-of-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-education-within-uk-midwifery-school-curricula
#5
Jane Forman, James M Harris, Fabiana Lorencatto, Andy McEwen, Maria J Duaso
Introduction: Smoking in pregnancy in the United Kingdom remains prevalent (11%). To encourage and support pregnant smokers to quit, midwives must be adequately trained to do so. Substantial curricular gaps have been identified in the smoking cessation training of medical, nursing, and optometry schools. This study aimed to identify the extent of smoking cessation training and assessment in UK midwifery schools. Methods: All UK undergraduate midwifery schools (n = 53) were invited to complete a web-based survey of their curricular coverage and assessment related to smoking cessation, and perceived barriers to delivering smoking cessation training...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399219/a-multidisciplinary-intervention-to-prevent-subsequent-falls-and-health-service-use-following-fall-related-paramedic-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
A Stefanie Mikolaizak, Stephen R Lord, Anne Tiedemann, Paul Simpson, Gideon A Caplan, Jason Bendall, Kirsten Howard, Lyndell Webster, Narelle Payne, Sarah Hamilton, Joanne Lo, Elisabeth Ramsay, Sandra O'Rourke, Linda Roylance, J C Close
Background: approximately 25% of older people who fall and receive paramedic care are not subsequently transported to an emergency department (ED). These people are at high risk of future falls, unplanned healthcare use and poor health outcomes. Objective: to evaluate the impact of a fall-risk assessment and tailored fall prevention interventions among older community-dwellers not transported to ED following a fall on subsequent falls and health service use. Design, setting, participants: Randomised controlled trial involving 221 non-transported older fallers from Sydney, Australia...
March 1, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386574/quantitative-electroencephalograms-and-neuro-optometry-a-case-study-that-explores-changes-in-electrophysiology-while-wearing-therapeutic-eyeglasses
#7
Deborah Zelinsky, Corey Feinberg
The brain is equipped with a complex system for processing sensory information, including retinal circuitry comprising part of the central nervous system. Retinal stimulation can influence brain function via customized eyeglasses at both subcortical and cortical levels. We investigated cortical effects from wearing therapeutic eyeglasses, hypothesizing that they can create measureable changes in electroencephalogram (EEG) tracings. A Z-Bell(SM) test was performed on a participant to select optimal lenses. An EEG measurement was recorded before and after the participant wore the eyeglasses...
January 2017: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339798/social-work-and-optometry-interprofessional-practice-revisited
#8
Dennis D Long, Iris Rosen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295595/optometry-australia-scope-of-practice-survey-2015
#9
Patricia M Kiely, Skye Cappuccio, Ellen McIntyre
BACKGROUND: This paper presents results from the inaugural Scope of Practice Survey of Optometry Australia members conducted in October 2015. The survey gathered information related to confidence in detecting and diagnosing key ocular conditions, grading diabetic retinopathy, prescribing scheduled medicines, access to equipment, confidence using equipment, incidence of patients requiring therapeutic management, referral practices and services provided. METHODS: The survey was developed, piloted, modified and administered to members of Optometry Australia (excluding student and retired members), who had a current email address...
May 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281296/sydney-barber-josiah-skertchly-1850-1926-scientist-educator-and-advocate-for-queensland-optometry
#10
Stephen J Vincent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273318/functional-outcomes-of-the-low-vision-depression-prevention-trial-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#11
Ashley D Deemer, Robert W Massof, Barry W Rovner, Robin J Casten, Catherine V Piersol
Purpose: To compare the efficacy of behavioral activation (BA) plus low vision rehabilitation with an occupational therapist (OT-LVR) with supportive therapy (ST) on visual function in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Single-masked, attention-controlled, randomized clinical trial with AMD patients with subsyndromal depressive symptoms (n = 188). All subjects had two outpatient low vision rehabilitation optometry visits, then were randomized to in-home BA + OT-LVR or ST...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237358/audio-visual-interaction-in-visual-motion-detection-synchrony-versus-asynchrony
#12
Stephanie Rosemann, Inga-Maria Wefel, Volkan Elis, Manfred Fahle
OBJECTIVE: Detection and identification of moving targets is of paramount importance in everyday life, even if it is not widely tested in optometric practice, mostly for technical reasons. There are clear indications in the literature that in perception of moving targets, vision and hearing interact, for example in noisy surrounds and in understanding speech. The main aim of visual perception, the ability that optometry aims to optimize, is the identification of objects, from everyday objects to letters, but also the spatial orientation of subjects in natural surrounds...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225370/how-will-optometry-respond-to-technological-evolution
#13
Michael D Twa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218493/improving-vision-awareness-in-autism-services-evaluation-of-a-dedicated-education-programme-for-support-practitioners
#14
Joseph J Long, Maggie Butchart, Michael Brown, Janice Bain, Anne McMillan, Thanos Karatzias
BACKGROUND: The research reported here sought to evaluate whether a dedicated education programme in vision awareness improved the knowledge and skills of autism support practitioners in identifying visual impairment in autistic people with intellectual disabilities and providing better support to those individuals identified as visually impaired. METHODS: Researchers undertook a mixed methods evaluation. A survey questionnaire was devised and administered before and after training and focus groups were undertaken in order to gain qualitative data relating how practitioners implemented their learning in practice...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212130/periorbital-soft-tissue-anthropometric-analysis-of-young-adults
#15
Turan Ozdemir, Fatma Ezgi Can, Sefa Isiklar, Ilker Ercan, Nedim Simsek Cankur
The authors aim to determine the periorbital soft tissue anthropometric norms for Turkish young adults for right and left eyes using a noninvasive two-dimensional photogrammetric analysis. Anthropometric measurements of the periorbital soft tissue were taken from 172 female and 56 male Turkish adults aged between 18 and 24 years. The periorbital soft tissue profiles (ocular and palpebral) for males and females were digitally analyzed using linear measurements made with standardized photographic records, taken in a natural head position...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211181/a-national-survey-of-the-use-of-pachymeters-by-optometrists-in-scotland-experience-views-and-barriers-to-use
#16
Colin Goudie, Savva Pronin, Helen Court, Janet Pooley, Andrew J Tatham
PURPOSE: Thin central corneal thickness (CCT) is a risk factor for glaucoma. In 2016 all optometry practices in Scotland were provided with pachymeters aiming to improve risk assessment and accuracy of referrals to secondary care. We examined optometrists' experience and views of pachymetry, including perceived barriers to pachymetry in primary care. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent using the REDCap electronic data capture tool to all 1264 optometrists registered with NHS Education for Scotland (NES)...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211179/what-do-patients-think-about-the-role-of-optometrists-in-providing-advice-about-smoking-and-nutrition
#17
Laura E Downie, Amanda Douglass, Daryl Guest, Peter R Keller
PURPOSE: Tobacco smoking and nutrition are key lifestyle factors with long-term effects on eye health. However, little is known about patients' perceptions and experiences in these areas in relation to the care received from optometrists. The main aim was to survey patients' perceptions and prior experience regarding the role of optometrists in enquiring and providing advice about tobacco smoking and nutrition. METHODS: An anonymous, paper-based survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 225 adults attending the University of Melbourne eye care clinic...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181663/distribution-of-ophthalmologists-and-optometrists-in-islamic-republic-of-iran-and-their-associated-factors
#18
S-F Mohammadi, M-R Lashay, E Ashrafi, A-A Haghdoust, C Alinia, A-R Lashay, M Asadi-Lari, S-M Mohammadi, E Hatef
We aimed to determine the distribution of ophthalmic care providers and its correlation with health and socioeconomic status and health system indicators. Data were gathered from the Iran Medical Council and the Iranian Societies of Ophthalmology and Optometry. Concurrent indicators were collected from the Statistical Center of Iran and national studies. A population-adjusted number of combined ophthalmologists and optometrists was used as the main dependent variable. Optometrist/ophthalmologist ratio was 0...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176366/advancing-cultural-competence-in-optometry
#19
Mandy Truong, Suzanne Selig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162197/-influence-of-wearing-long-wavelength-filter-glasses-on-refractive-development-of-children-s-hyperopia
#20
J Huang, Z Q Yu, R Y Chu, Y S Qian, Y Xu, X Q Wang
Objective: To investigate the effect of wearing long wavelength filter glasses on refractive development of children's hyperopia. Methods: Case control study. Seventeen 5-7 years' old children with high hyperopia from optometry clinic of Eye and ENT Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University were enrolled in this research. The experiment design was self-control between right and left eye, 3 children were lost during two years' period of observation, all the children's hyperopic refraction were more than +6.00 D, cycloplegic by 1% atropine...
January 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
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