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Athlete, Sports Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771750/injectable-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-sport
#1
Matthew J Matava
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this article is to review the basic science of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), their clinical effects, indications, potential complications, and ethical issues associated with the use of injectable NSAIDs in the treatment of athletes. These objectives are presented taking into consideration the contemporaneous issues associated with the treatment of amateur and professional athletes. DATA SOURCES: A nonformal review of the published medical literature and lay media focusing on the use of injectable NSAIDs in athletes was used for this article...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741985/accuracy-of-human-motion-capture-systems-for-sport-applications-state-of-the-art-review
#2
Eline van der Kruk, Marco M Reijne
OBJECTIVE: Sport research often requires human motion capture of an athlete. It can, however, be labour-intensive and difficult to select the right system, while manufacturers report on specifications which are determined in set-ups that largely differ from sport research in terms of volume, environment and motion. The aim of this review is to assist researchers in the selection of a suitable motion capture system for their experimental set-up for sport applications. An open online platform is initiated, to support (sport)researchers in the selection of a system and to enable them to contribute and update the overview...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674008/applying-systems-ergonomics-methods-in-sport-a-systematic-review
#3
Adam Hulme, Jason Thompson, Katherine L Plant, Gemma J M Read, Scott Mclean, Amanda Clacy, Paul M Salmon
INTRODUCTION: As sports systems become increasingly more complex, competitive, and technology-centric, there is a greater need for systems ergonomics methods to consider the performance, health, and safety of athletes in context with the wider settings in which they operate. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review was to identify and critically evaluate studies which have applied a systems ergonomics research approach in the context of sports performance and injury management...
April 16, 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627091/applying-scientific-principles-to-enhance-paralympic-classification-now-and-in-the-future-a-research-primer-for-rehabilitation-specialists
#4
REVIEW
Sean M Tweedy, Mark J Connick, Emma M Beckman
Para-sport classification systems define eligibility for Para sport and provide a competition structure that controls for the impact of impairment on the outcome of competition. This article focuses on the classification of para athletes with physical impairments. Development of classification systems based on scientific evidence has only recently been made possible by adoption of a statement of the purpose of classification by the International Paralympic Committee and its member organizations. Rigorous descriptive science can improve extant systems of classification and a recently published study described a data-driven classification structure with validity superior to that of the extant system...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601346/low-bone-mineral-density-in-elite-female-athletes-with-a-history-of-secondary-amenorrhea-in-their-teens
#5
Sayaka Nose-Ogura, Osamu Yoshino, Michiko Dohi, Mika Kigawa, Miyuki Harada, Takashi Kawahara, Yutaka Osuga, Shigeru Saito
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether secondary amenorrhea during teenage years influences bone mineral density (BMD) in female athletes in their 20s. DESIGN: Original research. SETTING: Japan Institute of Sports Sciences. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred ten elite female athletes older than 20 years were included in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Information on the participants' past (ie, during their teenage years) and current menstrual cycle, training time, history of stress fractures, and blood tests for hormones received was obtained...
March 27, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595996/return-to-play-after-hip-arthroscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Michaela O'Connor, Anas A Minkara, Robert W Westermann, James Rosneck, T Sean Lynch
BACKGROUND: The use of arthroscopic treatment for intra-articular hip pathology has demonstrated improved patient-reported outcomes (PROs) with a lower rate of complications, reoperation, and patient morbidity as compared with traditional methods. Although the use of this minimally invasive approach has increased in prevalence, no evidence-based return-to-play (RTP) criteria have been developed to ensure an athlete's preparedness for sporting activities. PURPOSE: To determine if there exists sufficient evidence in the literature to support an RTP protocol and functional assessment after hip arthroscopy, as well as to assess the mean rate and duration of RTP...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584461/case-studies-in-exercise-and-sport-sciences-a-powerful-tool-to-bridge-the-science-practice-gap
#7
Israel Halperin
Despite the progress made by the scientific exercise community in collaborating and communicating with non-scientist coaches, there is room for improvement. Coaches find research difficult to understand, feel that their interests are not being addressed by exercise research, and rely on peer-discussion to further their coaching knowledge base while consuming little peer-reviewed articles. One useful strategy to bridge the science-practice gap is with case-studies. In addition to furthering our understanding of the physiology, psychology, and training schedules of elite athletes, case studies can serve 1) as a useful communication channel with coaches if presented as narratives and 2) to establish and strengthen relationships between scientists and coaches leading to fruitful research collaborations...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560605/pacing-in-swimming-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Katie E McGibbon, D B Pyne, M E Shephard, K G Thompson
BACKGROUND: Pacing strategy, or how energy is distributed during exercise, can substantially impact athletic performance and is considered crucial for optimal performance in many sports. This is particularly true in swimming given the highly resistive properties of water and low mechanical efficiency of the swimming action. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to determine the pacing strategies utilised by competitive swimmers in competition and their reproducibility, and to examine the impact of different pacing strategies on kinematic, metabolic and performance variables...
March 20, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543747/trends-supporting-the-in-field-use-of-wearable-inertial-sensors-for-sport-performance-evaluation-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Valentina Camomilla, Elena Bergamini, Silvia Fantozzi, Giuseppe Vannozzi
Recent technological developments have led to the production of inexpensive, non-invasive, miniature magneto-inertial sensors, ideal for obtaining sport performance measures during training or competition. This systematic review evaluates current evidence and the future potential of their use in sport performance evaluation. Articles published in English (April 2017) were searched in Web-of-Science, Scopus, Pubmed, and Sport-Discus databases. A keyword search of titles, abstracts and keywords which included studies using accelerometers, gyroscopes and/or magnetometers to analyse sport motor-tasks performed by athletes (excluding risk of injury, physical activity, and energy expenditure) resulted in 2040 papers...
March 15, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502706/editorial-commentary-reviewing-the-science-of-our-unscientific-criteria-for-return-to-sports-after-shoulder-stabilization
#10
EDITORIAL
Riley J Williams
In contrast to anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, there is a paucity of primary studies that address the issue of return to play after anterior shoulder stabilization for glenohumeral instability. Most studies focused on clinical outcomes after anterior shoulder stabilization provide little detail on the authors' assessment protocols used in determining return to sport readiness. In fact, many issues germane to the postoperative rehabilitation process (biologic healing, motion recovery, strength recovery, and sport-specific considerations) remain poorly defined, and are not typically addressed using validated shoulder outcomes instruments...
March 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463497/psychological-interventions-used-to-reduce-sports-injuries-a-systematic-review-of-real-world-effectiveness
#11
REVIEW
Adam Gledhill, Dale Forsdyke, Eliot Murray
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review studies examining the role of psychological interventions in injury prevention. The primary research question was: What is the real-world effectiveness of psychological intervention in preventing sports injuries? DESIGN: Mixed methods systematic review with best evidence synthesis. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, Science Direct and PubMed. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials (RCT), non-RCTs that included a comparison group, before and after study designs and qualitative methods...
February 20, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453743/neuromuscular-control-deficits-and-the-risk-of-subsequent-injury-after-a-concussion-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
David R Howell, Robert C Lynall, Thomas A Buckley, Daniel C Herman
An emerging area of research has identified that an increased risk of musculoskeletal injury may exist upon returning to sports after a sport-related concussion. The mechanisms underlying this recently discovered phenomenon, however, remain unknown. One theorized reason for this increased injury risk includes residual neuromuscular control deficits that remain impaired despite clinical recovery. Thus, the objectives of this review were: (1) to summarize the literature examining the relationship between concussion and risk of subsequent injury and (2) to summarize the literature for one mechanism with a theorized association with this increased injury risk, i...
May 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402530/subconcussive-head-impacts-in-sport-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#13
Lynda Mainwaring, Kaleigh M Ferdinand Pennock, Sandhya Mylabathula, Benjamin Z Alavie
PURPOSE: To identify and evaluate the evidence that examines subconcussive impacts in sport-specific settings, and address two objectives: a) to determine how 'subconcussion' is characterized in the current literature, and b) to identify directions for future research. RESEARCH DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: CINAHL, EMBASE, MedLine, PsycINFO, SportDiscus, and Web of Science were searched for articles that sought to assess subconcussive impacts or outcomes related to non-concussive head impact exposure...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393546/comparison-of-metabolic-adaptations-between-endurance-and-sprint-trained-athletes-after-an-exhaustive-exercise-in-two-different-calf-muscles-using-a-multi-slice-31-p-mr-spectroscopic-sequence
#14
Kevin Moll, Alexander Gussew, Maria Nisser, Steffen Derlien, Martin Krämer, Jürgen R Reichenbach
Measurements of exercise-induced metabolic changes, such as oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide exhalation or lactate concentration, are important indicators for assessing the current performance level of athletes in training science. With exercise-limiting metabolic processes occurring in loaded muscles, 31 P-MRS represents a particularly powerful modality to identify and analyze corresponding training-induced alterations. Against this background, the current study aimed to analyze metabolic adaptations after an exhaustive exercise in two calf muscles (m...
April 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373805/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-outcomes-after-hip-arthroscopy-in-femoroacetabular-impingement
#15
Anas A Minkara, Robert W Westermann, James Rosneck, T Sean Lynch
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has become a more commonly recognized cause of limited hip range of motion and hip pain among young adults and athletes. Hip arthroscopy is recommended for the surgical treatment of this disorder, unless specific contraindications exist. Despite the increasing rate of published studies in this area, there remains no aggregate data for outcomes after this approach. PURPOSE: To evaluate risk factors and outcomes after arthroscopic management of FAI, including return to play, revision rate, surgical and nonsurgical complications, change in α-angle, intraoperative bone resection, and patient-reported outcomes...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349651/epidemiology-of-head-injuries-focusing-on-concussions-in-team-contact-sports-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Annika Prien, Alexander Grafe, Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Although injuries to the head represent a small proportion of all sport injuries, they are of great concern due to their potential long-term consequences, which are even suspected in mild traumatic brain injuries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to compare the incidence of concussions and other head injuries in elite level football, rugby, ice hockey and American Football. METHODS: Four electronic databases (CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, PubMed) were searched...
April 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345524/recovery-and-performance-in-sport-consensus-statement
#17
Michael Kellmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Laurent Bosquet, Michel Brink, Aaron Coutts, Rob Duffield, Daniel Erlacher, Shona Halson, Anne Hecksteden, Jahan Heidari, Romain Meeusen, Iñigo Mujika, Claudio Robazza, Sabrina Skorski, Ranel Venter, Jürgen Beckmann
The relationship between recovery and fatigue and its impact on performance has attracted the interest of sports science for many years. An adequate balance between stress (training and competition load, other life demands) and recovery is essential for athletes to achieve continuous high-level performance. Research has focused on the examination of physiological and psychological recovery strategies to compensate external and internal training and competition loads. A systematic monitoring of recovery and the subsequent implementation of recovery routines aims at maximizing performance and preventing negative developments such as underrecovery, non-functional overreaching, the overtraining syndrome, injuries, or illnesses...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345174/case-study-using-contemporary-behaviour-change-science-to-design-and-implement-an-effective-nutritional-intervention-within-professional-rugby-league
#18
Nessan Costello, Jim McKenna, Louise Sutton, Kevin Deighton, Ben Jones
Designing and implementing successful dietary intervention is integral to the role of sport nutrition professionals as they attempt to positively change the dietary behaviour of athletes. High-performance sport is a time-pressured environment where immediate results can often supersede pursuit of the most effective evidence-based practice. However, efficacious dietary intervention necessitates comprehensive, systematic and theoretical behavioural design and implementation if the habitual dietary behaviours of athletes are to be positively changed...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311764/effects-of-beetroot-juice-supplementation-on-intermittent-high-intensity-exercise-efforts
#19
REVIEW
Raúl Domínguez, José Luis Maté-Muñoz, Eduardo Cuenca, Pablo García-Fernández, Fernando Mata-Ordoñez, María Carmen Lozano-Estevan, Pablo Veiga-Herreros, Sandro Fernandes da Silva, Manuel Vicente Garnacho-Castaño
Beetroot juice contains high levels of inorganic nitrate (NO3 - ) and its intake has proved effective at increasing blood nitric oxide (NO) concentrations. Given the effects of NO in promoting vasodilation and blood flow with beneficial impacts on muscle contraction, several studies have detected an ergogenic effect of beetroot juice supplementation on exercise efforts with high oxidative energy metabolism demands. However, only a scarce yet growing number of investigations have sought to assess the effects of this supplement on performance at high-intensity exercise...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299878/talent-identification-and-development-in-male-football-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Hugo Sarmento, M Teresa Anguera, Antonino Pereira, Duarte Araújo
BACKGROUND: Expertise has been extensively studied in several sports over recent years. The specificities of how excellence is achieved in Association Football, a sport practiced worldwide, are being repeatedly investigated by many researchers through a variety of approaches and scientific disciplines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify and synthesise the most significant literature addressing talent identification and development in football. We identified the most frequently researched topics and characterised their methodologies...
April 2018: Sports Medicine
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