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Judgment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944693/implementation-of-automatic-external-defibrillator-using-real-time-ventricular-fibrillation-detecting-algorithm-based-on-time-domain-analysis
#1
Ki Woong Seong, Sung Dae Na, Young Sik Park, Hee-Joon Park, Myoung Nam Kim, Jin-Ho Cho, Jyung Hyun Lee
The increase in mortality associated with arrhythmia is an inevitable problem of modern society such as westernized eating habits and an increase in stress due to industrialization, and the related social costs are increasing. In this regard, the supply of automatic external defibrillator (AED) used outside hospitals is increasing mainly in public institutions, and AED is a medical practice performed by non-medical personnel. Therefore, studies on arrhythmia detection algorithm to make accurate clinical judgment for proper use are increasing...
September 25, 2017: Computer Assisted Surgery (Abingdon, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944638/-unknown-title
#2
(no author information available yet)
Clinical judgment is a critical concept for the development of nursing and nursing education. Its theoretical origins are multiple and its definition is not yet consensus. The analysis of the scientific and professional literature shows heterogeneous and dispersed points of views, notably on the role of intuition, on its cognitive and metacognitive dimensions, and on its proximity to other concepts. Between professional stakes and epistemological constructions, clinical judgment is still an emerging concept...
August 17, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944394/buckling-driven-self-assembly-of-self-similar-inspired-micro-nanofibers-for-ultra-stretchable-electronics
#3
Jing Bian, Yajiang Ding, Yongqing Duan, Xiaodong Wan, YongAn Huang
Self-similar structures are capable of highly enhancing the deformability of stretchable electronics. We presented a self-assembly method based on the tunable buckling of serpentine fiber-based interconnects (FiberBIs), which are deposited using our presented helix electrohydrodynamic printing (HE-printing) technique, to fabricate self-similar structures with enhanced stretchability (up to 250%). It provides a low-cost, printing-based approach for the generation of large-scale self-similar FiberBIs. Distinct buckling behaviors and modes occur under specific conditions...
September 25, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943722/from-faces-to-prosocial-behavior-cues-tools-and-mechanisms
#4
Ralph Adolphs, Anita Tusche
In this review we ask how looking at people's faces can influence prosocial behaviors towards them. Components of this process have often been studied by disparate literatures: one focused on perception and judgment of faces, using both psychological and neuroscience approaches; and a second focused on actual social behaviors, as studied in behavioral economics and decision science. Bridging these disciplines requires a more mechanistic account of how processing of particular face attributes or features influences social judgments and behaviors...
June 1, 2017: Current Directions in Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943263/definition-of-indicators-of-the-appropriateness-of-oral-anticoagulant-prescriptions-in-hospitalized-adults-literature-review-and-consensus-pacha-study
#5
Aurélie Petit-Monéger, Frantz Thiessard, Pernelle Noize, Driss Berdaï, Vianney Jouhet, Florence Saillour-Glénisson, Louis-Rachid Salmi
BACKGROUND: Indicators of the appropriateness of oral anticoagulant prescriptions are lacking, despite the major contribution they could make to improve quality of care. AIM: To identify and select such indicators according to their utility and operational implementation. METHODS: A literature review was conducted to identify indicators of the appropriateness of oral anticoagulant prescriptions according to the guidelines of health authorities and European learned societies...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942627/preferred-compression-threshold-and-release-time-in-quiet-and-noisy-conditions-for-elderly-korean-hearing-aid-users
#6
Woojae Han, Junghak Lee, Jinsook Kim, Kyeongwon Lee, Dongwook Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Listeners with sensorineural hearing loss want to compensate for their narrow dynamic range from appropriate compression functions of hearing aids. The present study aimed to determine which compression threshold and release time of nonlinear hearing aids might affect speech recognition and speech quality judgments. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ten elderly listeners with symmetrical moderate-to-severe sensorineural hearing loss participated in the study...
September 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942124/the-effects-of-freedom-of-choice-in-action-selection-on-perceived-mental-effort-and-the-sense-of-agency
#7
Zeynep Barlas, William E Hockley, Sukhvinder S Obhi
Previous research showed that increasing the number of action alternatives enhances the sense of agency (SoA). Here, we investigated whether choice space could affect subjective judgments of mental effort experienced during action selection and examined the link between subjective effort and the SoA. Participants performed freely selected (among two, three, or four options) and instructed actions that produced pleasant or unpleasant tones. We obtained action-effect interval estimates to quantify intentional binding - the perceived interval compression between actions and outcomes and feeling of control (FoC) ratings...
September 20, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941558/emergency-medicine-evaluation-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-history-examination-imaging-and-laboratory-assessment-and-risk-scores
#8
Brit Long, Drew Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a common infection, accounting for approximately one million hospitalizations in the United States annually. This potentially life-threatening disease is commonly diagnosed based on history, physical examination, and chest radiograph. OBJECTIVE: To investigate emergency medicine evaluation of community-acquired pneumonia including history, physical examination, imaging, and the use of risk scores in patient assessment. DISCUSSION: Pneumonia is the number one cause of death from infectious disease...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941267/successful-therapy-of-excoriated-acne-with-nd-yag-laser-a-case-report
#9
Vesna Tlaker
Excoriated acne is a difficult challenge in daily practice. Patients generally fail to follow the most important measure: not to "clean" and manipulate their lesions. Because the literature tends to emphasize the mental aspect of this condition, patients with excoriated acne may be quickly classified as psychosomatic or even psychiatric cases, and dermatologists may be overlooking opportunities to help. This report presents the case of a young woman with excoriated acne and anorexia nervosa, treated with a combination of 1,064 nm Nd:YAG laser, standard acne topical therapy, and a reassuring, non-judgmental approach...
September 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940207/affective-priming-and-cognitive-load-event-related-potentials-suggest-an-interplay-of-implicit-affect-misattribution-and-strategic-inhibition
#10
Henning Gibbons, Laura-Effi Seib-Pfeifer, Judith Koppehele-Gossel, Robert Schnuerch
Prior research suggests that the affective priming effect denoting prime-congruent evaluative judgments about neutral targets preceded by affective primes increases when the primes are processed less deeply. This has been taken as evidence for greater affect misattribution. However, no study so far has combined an experimental manipulation of the depth of prime processing with the benefits of ERPs. Forty-seven participants made like/dislike responses about Korean ideographs following 800-ms affective prime words while 64-channel EEG was recorded...
September 21, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939732/liability-for-diagnosing-malingering
#11
Kenneth J Weiss, Landon Van Dell
Malingering is a medical diagnosis, but not a psychiatric disorder. The label imputes that an evaluee has intentionally engaged in false behavior or statements. By diagnosing malingering, psychiatrists pass judgment on truthfulness. Evaluees taking exception to the label may claim that the professional has committed defamation of character (libel or slander) when the diagnosis is wrong and costs the claimant money or benefits. Clinicians may counter by claiming immunity or that the diagnosis was made in good faith...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938387/critical-sized-bone-defects-sequence-and-planning
#12
Paul Toogood, Theodore Miclau
Bone defects associated with open fractures require a careful approach and planning. At initial presentation, an emergent irrigation and debridement is required. Immediate definitive fixation is frequently safe, with the exception of those injuries that normally require staged management or very severe type IIIB and IIIC injuries. Traumatic wounds that can be approximated primarily should be closed at the time of initial presentation. Wounds that cannot be closed should have a negative pressure wound therapy dressing applied...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938299/nonoperating-room-anesthesia-for-endoscopic-procedures
#13
Stephan Knigge, Klaus Hahnenkamp
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to take a look on some practical aspects of anesthetic care in the endoscopy suite, concerning the general approach, safety, and monitoring issues. RECENT FINDINGS: Concerning propofol popularity for sedation during endoscopic procedures new studies create doubt in the safety of higher doses of propofol used for sedation. Careful titration of propofol, addition of synergistic supplements like ketamine and dexmedetomidine, and monitoring of anesthetic depth may limit the dose of propofol given to the patients...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938166/age-related-differences-in-strategic-monitoring-during-arithmetic-problem-solving
#14
Marie Geurten, Patrick Lemaire
We examined the role of metacognitive monitoring in strategic behavior during arithmetic problem solving, a process that is expected to shed light on age-related differences in strategy selection. Young and older adults accomplished better strategy-judgment, better strategy-selection, and strategy-execution tasks. Data showed that participants made better strategy judgments when problems were problems with homogeneous unit digits (i.e., problems with both unit digits smaller or larger than 5; 31×62) relative to problems with heterogeneous unit digits (i...
September 19, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937178/cognitive-biases-can-lead-to-serious-patient-safety-events
#15
Carlos Pellegrini
More than 100 cognitive biases are believed to exist. They are flaws or distortions in judgment and decision making, which have become increasingly recognized as contributors to patient safety events....
December 2016: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937005/quota-in-specialty-and-super-specialty-courses-what-does-the-judiciary-say
#16
Mukul Chandra Kapoor, Shubhendu Anand
Reservations in super-specialty courses have been controversial for decades. A number of practising doctors, medical students and others in society have wanted to do away with reservations in specialty and super-specialty courses, while there are others in favour of persisting with reservations. Article 15 (4) of the Constitution of India states that nothing shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes/Tribes...
May 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936819/-the-scope-quality-and-safety-requirements-of-drug-abuse-testing
#17
Tuncay Küme, Çiğdem Karakükcü, Aslı Pınar, Hakan Coşkunol
The aim of this review is to inform about the scopes and requirements of drug abuse testing. Drug abuse testing is one of the tools for determination of drug use. It must fulfill the quality and safety requirements in judgmental legal and administrative decisions. Drug abuse testing must fulfill some requirements like selection of the appropriate test matrix, appropriate screening test panel, sampling in detection window, patient consent, identification of the donor, appropriate collection site, sample collection with observation, identification and control of the sample, specimen custody chain in preanalytical phase; analysis in authorized laboratories, specimen validity tests, reliable testing METHODS, strict quality control, two-step analysis in analytical phase; storage of the split specimen, confirmation of the split specimen in the objection, result custody chain, appropriate cut-off concentration, the appropriate interpretation of the result in postanalytical phase...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936075/headache-patterns-in-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#18
Ragasudha Botta, Sheshagiri Donirpathi, Ravi Yadav, Girish B Kulkarni, M Veerendra Kumar, Dindigur Nagaraja
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the clinical characteristics, patterns, and factors associated with headache in patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVT). METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we recruited conscious CVT patients who were able to give reliable history after consent. Institutional ethics approval was obtained. The diagnosis of CVT was based on the clinical and imaging parameters. Data regarding headache characteristic, severity (visual analog scale [VAS]), imaging findings and outcome was recorded...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935240/the-neural-development-of-conditional-reasoning-in-children-different-mechanisms-for-assessing-the-logical-validity-and-likelihood-of-conclusions
#19
Flora Schwartz, Justine Epinat-Duclos, Jessica Léone, Jérôme Prado
Scientific and mathematical thinking relies on the ability to evaluate whether conclusions drawn from conditional (if-then) arguments are logically valid. Yet, the neural development of this ability -- termed deductive reasoning -- is largely unknown. Here we aimed to identify the neural mechanisms that underlie the emergence of deductive reasoning with conditional rules in children. We further tested whether these mechanisms have their roots in the neural mechanisms involved in judging the likelihood of conclusions...
September 18, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934793/acupuncture-for-myofascial-pain-syndrome-a-network-meta-analysis-of-33-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Xiuxia Li, Rong Wang, Xin Xing, Xiue Shi, Jinhui Tian, Jun Zhang, Long Ge, Jingyun Zhang, Lun Li, Kehu Yang
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture techniques are commonly used as initial treatments for myofascial pain syndrome. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess and compare the efficacy and safety of different techniques of acupuncture for myofascial pain syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Network meta-analysis. SETTING: All selected studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database were searched from their inceptions to February 2016...
September 2017: Pain Physician
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