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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936489/follow-up-of-alcohol-consumption-after-liver-transplantation-interest-of-an-addiction-team
#1
Hélène Donnadieu-Rigole, Laetitia Olive, Bertrand Nalpas, Audrey Winter, José Ursic-Bedoya, Stéphanie Faure, Georges-Philippe Pageaux, Pascal Perney
BACKGROUND: Alcohol relapses after liver transplantation (LT) constitute a critical issue. Because there is no widely accepted definition of LT, its prevalence varies from 7 to 95% across studies. Only a severe relapse, the frequency of which is estimated to be 11 to 26%, decreases life expectancy after 5 years of LT and requires specific care. To improve the early identification of alcohol consumption among transplanted patients, liver transplant teams may be helped by input from an addiction team...
December 9, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936337/alcohol-use-in-an-older-adult-referred-to-a-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-service-a-case-report
#2
Adam Searby, Natalie van Swet, Phil Maude, Ian McGrath
Alcohol use disorder in older adults is associated with a number of substantial medical complications, including cognitive decline. Due to limited success and application of screening approaches in this cohort, older adults are more likely to present to general hospital settings with undiagnosed problematic alcohol use. Consultation-liaison psychiatry services operating in general hospital settings are likely to be referred older adults with alcohol use disorders for assessment and management. A 77-year-old female presented to a metropolitan hospital with symptoms including frequent falls, slurred speech, difficulty judging distance, hypersomnia, poor reasoning, and odd behaviours...
December 9, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936242/performance-in-object-choice-aesop-s-fable-tasks-are-influenced-by-object-biases-in-new-caledonian-crows-but-not-in-human-children
#3
Rachael Miller, Sarah A Jelbert, Alex H Taylor, Lucy G Cheke, Russell D Gray, Elsa Loissel, Nicola S Clayton
The ability to reason about causality underlies key aspects of human cognition, but the extent to which non-humans understand causality is still largely unknown. The Aesop's Fable paradigm, where objects are inserted into water-filled tubes to obtain out-of-reach rewards, has been used to test casual reasoning in birds and children. However, success on these tasks may be influenced by other factors, specifically, object preferences present prior to testing or arising during pre-test stone-dropping training...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936204/serotypes-and-antimicrobial-resistance-in-salmonella-enterica-recovered-from-clinical-samples-from-cattle-and-swine-in-minnesota-2006-to-2015
#4
Samuel Hong, Albert Rovira, Peter Davies, Christina Ahlstrom, Petra Muellner, Aaron Rendahl, Karen Olsen, Jeff B Bender, Scott Wells, Andres Perez, Julio Alvarez
Salmonellosis remains one of the leading causes of foodborne disease worldwide despite preventive efforts at various stages of the food production chain. The emergence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica represents an additional challenge for public health authorities. Food animals are considered a major reservoir and potential source of foodborne salmonellosis; thus, monitoring of Salmonella strains in livestock may help to detect emergence of new serotypes/MDR phenotypes and to gain a better understanding of Salmonella epidemiology...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936198/tree-diversity-enhances-stand-carbon-storage-but-not-leaf-area-in-a-subtropical-forest
#5
Nadia Castro-Izaguirre, Xiulian Chi, Martin Baruffol, Zhiyao Tang, Keping Ma, Bernhard Schmid, Pascal A Niklaus
Research about biodiversity-productivity relationships has focused on herbaceous ecosystems, with results from tree field studies only recently beginning to emerge. Also, the latter are concentrated largely in the temperate zone. Tree species diversity generally is much higher in subtropical and tropical than in temperate or boreal forests, with reasons not fully understood. Niche overlap and thus complementarity in the use of resources that support productivity may be lower in forests than in herbaceous ecosystems, suggesting weaker productivity responses to diversity change in forests...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936163/origin-and-evolution-of-allopolyploid-wheatgrass-elymus-fibrosus-schrenk-tzvelev-poaceae-triticeae-reveals-the-effect-of-its-origination-on-genetic-diversity
#6
De-Chuan Wu, Deng-Min He, Hai-Lan Gu, Pan-Pan Wu, Xu Yi, Wei-Jie Wang, Han-Feng Shi, De-Xiang Wu, Genlou Sun
Origin and evolution of tetraploid Elymus fibrosus (Schrenk) Tzvelev were characterized using low-copy nuclear gene Rpb2 (the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II), and chloroplast region trnL-trnF (spacer between the tRNA Leu (UAA) gene and the tRNA-Phe (GAA) gene). Ten accessions of E. fibrosus along with 19 Elymus species with StH genomic constitution and diploid species in the tribe Triticeae were analyzed. Chloroplast trnL-trnF sequence data suggested that Pseudoroegneria (St genome) was the maternal donor of E...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936161/correction-use-of-the-accountability-for-reasonableness-approach-to-improve-fairness-in-accessing-dialysis-in-a-middle-income-country
#7
Mohammed Rafique Moosa, Jonathan David Maree, Maxwell T Chirehwa, Solomon R Benatar
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164201.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936148/screening-for-dyslexia-using-eye-tracking-during-reading
#8
Mattias Nilsson Benfatto, Gustaf Öqvist Seimyr, Jan Ygge, Tony Pansell, Agneta Rydberg, Christer Jacobson
Dyslexia is a neurodevelopmental reading disability estimated to affect 5-10% of the population. While there is yet no full understanding of the cause of dyslexia, or agreement on its precise definition, it is certain that many individuals suffer persistent problems in learning to read for no apparent reason. Although it is generally agreed that early intervention is the best form of support for children with dyslexia, there is still a lack of efficient and objective means to help identify those at risk during the early years of school...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936129/characteristics-of-differently-located-colorectal-cancers-support-proximal-and-distal-classification-a-population-based-study-of-57-847-patients
#9
Jiao Yang, Xiang Lin Du, Shu Ting Li, Bi Yuan Wang, Yin Ying Wu, Zhe Ling Chen, Meng Lv, Yan Wei Shen, Xin Wang, Dan Feng Dong, Dan Li, Fan Wang, En Xiao Li, Min Yi, Jin Yang
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that colorectal cancer be regarded as several subgroups defined according to tumor location rather than as a single entity. The current study aimed to identify the most useful method for grouping colorectal cancer by tumor location according to both baseline and survival characteristics. METHODS: Cases of pathologically confirmed colorectal adenocarcinoma diagnosed from 2000 to 2012 were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database and categorized into three groups: right colon cancer (RCC), left colon cancer (LCC), and rectal cancer (ReC)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936119/anti-tnf-%C3%AE-drugs-differently-affect-the-tnf%C3%AE-stnfr-system-and-monocyte-subsets-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#10
Lara Gibellini, Sara De Biasi, Elena Bianchini, Regina Bartolomeo, Antonella Fabiano, Marco Manfredini, Federica Ferrari, Giuseppe Albertini, Tommaso Trenti, Milena Nasi, Marcello Pinti, Anna Iannone, Carlo Salvarani, Andrea Cossarizza, Giovanni Pellacani
TNF-α has a central role in the development and maintenance of psoriatic plaques, and its serum levels correlate with disease activity. Anti-TNF-α drugs are, however, ineffective in a relevant percentage of patients for reasons that are currently unknown. To understand whether the response to anti-TNF-α drugs is influenced by the production of anti-drug antibodies or by the modulation of the TNFα-TNFα receptor system, and to identify changes in monocyte phenotype and activity, we analysed 119 psoriatic patients who either responded or did not respond to different anti-TNF-α therapies (adalimumab, etanercept or infliximab), and measured plasma levels of TNF-α, TNF-α soluble receptors, drug and anti-drug antibodies...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936113/preoperative-csf-melatonin-concentrations-and-the-occurrence-of-delirium-in-older-hip-fracture-patients-a-preliminary-study
#11
Rikie M Scholtens, Sophia E J A de Rooij, Annelies E Vellekoop, Bart C Vrouenraets, Barbara C van Munster
BACKGROUND: Delirium is characterized by disturbances in circadian rhythm. Melatonin regulates our circadian rhythm. Our aim was to compare preoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) melatonin levels in patients with and without postoperative delirium. METHODS: Prospective cohort study with hip fracture patients ≥ 65 years who were acutely admitted to the hospital for surgical treatment and received spinal anaesthesia. CSF was collected after cannulation, before administering anaesthetics...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936110/women-s-perceived-reasons-for-their-excessive-postpartum-weight-retention-a-qualitative-interview-study
#12
Anne Christenson, Eva Johansson, Signy Reynisdottir, Jarl Torgerson, Erik Hemmingsson
INTRODUCTION: Obesity in Sweden has doubled to 14% over the last 20 years. New strategies for treatment and prevention are needed. Excessive gestational weight gain has been found to contribute substantially to obesity, and there is a consistent association between postpartum weight retention and obesity later in life. We aimed to explore what factors women perceive as reasons for having substantial postpartum weight retention, to identify areas for new and improved interventions. METHODS: Qualitative interview study (semi-structured) using an emergent design...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936081/comparative-analysis-of-fruit-metabolites-and-pungency-candidate-genes-expression-between-bhut-jolokia-and-other-capsicum-species
#13
Sarpras M, Rashmi Gaur, Vineet Sharma, Sushil Satish Chhapekar, Jharna Das, Ajay Kumar, Satish Kumar Yadava, Mukesh Nitin, Vijaya Brahma, Suresh K Abraham, Nirala Ramchiary
Bhut jolokia, commonly known as Ghost chili, a native Capsicum species found in North East India was recorded as the naturally occurring hottest chili in the world by the Guinness Book of World Records in 2006. Although few studies have reported variation in pungency content of this particular species, no study till date has reported detailed expression analysis of candidate genes involved in capsaicinoids (pungency) biosynthesis pathway and other fruit metabolites. Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate the diversity of fruit morphology, fruiting habit, capsaicinoids and other metabolite contents in 136 different genotypes mainly collected from North East India...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936077/routine-vaccination-coverage-in-northern-nigeria-results-from-40-district-level-cluster-surveys-2014-2015
#14
Rajni Gunnala, Ikechukwu U Ogbuanu, Oluwasegun J Adegoke, Heather M Scobie, Belinda V Uba, Kathleen A Wannemuehler, Alicia Ruiz, Hashim Elmousaad, Chima J Ohuabunwo, Mahmud Mustafa, Patrick Nguku, Ndadilnasiya Endie Waziri, John F Vertefeuille
BACKGROUND: Despite recent success towards controlling poliovirus transmission, Nigeria has struggled to achieve uniformly high routine vaccination coverage. A lack of reliable vaccination coverage data at the operational level makes it challenging to target program improvement. To reliably estimate vaccination coverage, we conducted district-level vaccine coverage surveys using a pre-existing infrastructure of polio technical staff in northern Nigeria. METHODS: Household-level cluster surveys were conducted in 40 polio high risk districts of Nigeria during 2014-2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936058/modeling-the-role-of-lanthionine-synthetase-c-like-2-lancl2-in-the-modulation-of-immune-responses-to-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#15
Andrew Leber, Josep Bassaganya-Riera, Nuria Tubau-Juni, Victoria Zoccoli-Rodriguez, Monica Viladomiu, Vida Abedi, Pinyi Lu, Raquel Hontecillas
Immune responses to Helicobacter pylori are orchestrated through complex balances of host-bacterial interactions, including inflammatory and regulatory immune responses across scales that can lead to the development of the gastric disease or the promotion of beneficial systemic effects. While inflammation in response to the bacterium has been reasonably characterized, the regulatory pathways that contribute to preventing inflammatory events during H. pylori infection are incompletely understood. To aid in this effort, we have generated a computational model incorporating recent developments in the understanding of H...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935984/a-biodegradable-polyethylenimine-based-vector-modified-by-trifunctional-peptide-r18-for-enhancing-gene-transfection-efficiency-in-vivo
#16
Jing Hu, Manman Zhu, Kehai Liu, Hua Fan, Wenfang Zhao, Yuan Mao, Yaguang Zhang
Lack of capacity to cross the nucleus membrane seems to be one of the main reasons for the lower transfection efficiency of gene vectors observed in vivo study than in vitro. To solve this problem, a new non-viral gene vector was designed. First, a degradable polyethylenimine (PEI) derivate was synthesized by crosslinking low-molecular-weight (LMW) PEI with N-octyl-N-quaternary chitosan (OTMCS), and then adopting a designed trifunctional peptide (RGDC-TAT-NLS) with good tumor targeting, cell uptake and nucleus transport capabilities to modify OTMCS-PEI...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935978/genome-wide-identification-phylogeny-and-expression-of-aquaporin-genes-in-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#17
Chuanju Dong, Lin Chen, Jingyan Feng, Jian Xu, Shahid Mahboob, Khalid Al-Ghanim, Xuejun Li, Peng Xu
BACKGROUND: Aquaporins (Aqps) are integral membrane proteins that facilitate the transport of water and small solutes across cell membranes. Among vertebrate species, Aqps are highly conserved in both gene structure and amino acid sequence. These proteins are vital for maintaining water homeostasis in living organisms, especially for aquatic animals such as teleost fish. Studies on teleost Aqps are mainly limited to several model species with diploid genomes. Common carp, which has a tetraploidized genome, is one of the most common aquaculture species being adapted to a wide range of aquatic environments...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935904/determinants-of-postgraduate-students-choices-of-speciality
#18
B Shrestha, Y R Pokhrel, K Butterworth
INTRODUCTION: Postgraduate specialization is perceived as essential for success with high competition for enrolment. The reasons how medical students choose their postgraduate specialty are complex. Understanding the factors that influence career choice helps in workforce planning. So, we tried to identify the specialty preferred by postgraduate students and the factors that influenced these choices in a post graduate institution. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in National Academy of Medical Sciences...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935777/acupuncture-and-chronic-pain-management
#19
Ladan Eshkevari
According to National Institute of Health Pathways to Prevention Workshop (2014), chronic pain affects an estimated 100 million Americans, with approximately 25 million people experiencing moderate to severe chronic pain, which negatively impacts their ability to function leading to a diminished quality of life. Pain is the primary reason Americans are on disability, which adds to the economic and social burden of suffering for the nation. Chronic pain costs are estimated to be between 560 and 630 billion per year...
January 2017: Annual Review of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935463/is-primary-process-cognition-a-feature-of-hypnosis
#20
Michael T Finn, Jared I Goldman, Gyrid B Lyon, Michael R Nash
The division of cognition into primary and secondary processes is an important part of contemporary psychoanalytic metapsychology. Whereas primary processes are most characteristic of unconscious thought and loose associations, secondary processes generally govern conscious thought and logical reasoning. It has been theorized that an induction into hypnosis is accompanied by a predomination of primary-process cognition over secondary-process cognition. The authors hypothesized that highly hypnotizable individuals would demonstrate more primary-process cognition as measured by a recently developed cognitive-perceptual task...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
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