Read by QxMD icon Read

High B12

Bharat Bhushan, S K Tomar, Arun Chauhan
An appropriate selection of Lactobacillus strain (probiotic/starter/functional) on the basis of its techno-functional characteristics is required before developing a novel fermented functional food. We compared vitamin B12 (B12, cobalamin) producing Lactobacillus plantarum isolates, BHM10 and BCF20, for functional (vitamin over-production, genomic insight to B12 structural genes, and probiotic attributes) and technological [milks (skim and soy) fermentation and B12 bio-fortification] characteristics. Addition of B12 precursors (5-amonolevulinate and dimethylbenzimidazole) to cobalamin-free fermentation medium increased vitamin production in BHM10, BCF20, and DSM20016 (a positive standard) by 3...
October 17, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Imran M Paruk, Yasmeen Ganie, Sureka Maharaj, Fraser J Pirie, Vasudevan G Naidoo, Ntombifikile M Nkwanyana, Hilary L Dinnematin, Pratistadevi K Ramdial, Ayesha A Motala
OBJECTIVE: Data on the prevalence of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) and gastric autoimmunity in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in Africa are limited. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of antithyroid peroxidase (TPO-A) and antiparietal cell antibody (PCA) in patients with T1DM at a tertiary diabetes clinic in Durban, South Africa. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study among subjects attending the adult T1DM clinic at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Hospital...
October 14, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Amy O'Donnell, Catherine McParlin, Stephen C Robson, Fiona Beyer, Eoin Moloney, Andrew Bryant, Jennifer Bradley, Colin Muirhead, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Justine Norman, Emma Simpson, Brian Swallow, Laura Yates, Luke Vale
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) affects up to 85% of all women during pregnancy, but for the majority self-management suffices. For the remainder, symptoms are more severe and the most severe form of NVP - hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) - affects 0.3-1.0% of pregnant women. There is no widely accepted point at which NVP becomes HG. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the relative clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of treatments for NVP and HG...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Rudra Prasad Roy, Kaushik Ghosh, Manas Ghosh, Amitava Acharyya, Ambarish Bhattacharya, Mrinal Pal, Sisir Chakraborty, Nilanjan Sengupta
BACKGROUND: Long-term therapy with metformin was shown to decrease the Vitamin B12 level and manifested as peripheral neuropathy. AIM: The aim of this study is to define the prevalence of Vitamin B12 deficiency in early Type 2 diabetic patients (duration ≤5 years or drug treatment ≤3 years) and the relationship among metformin exposure and levels of cobalamin (Cbl), folic acid, and homocysteine (Hcy) with severity of peripheral neuropathy. METHODOLOGY: This is a cross-sectional study involving randomly selected ninety patients (male 56, female 34) between age groups of 35 and 70 years, comparing those who had received >6 months of metformin (Group A) (n = 35) with those without metformin (Group B) (n = 35) and patients taking metformin with other oral hypoglycemic agent (Group C) (n = 20)...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Chang Ho Hwang, Dong Jin Park, Gyu Yeol Kim
A 58-year-old woman, who had undergone total gastrectomy for early gastric cancer 9 years previously, visited the outpatient clinic complaining of progressive difficulty in walking for 15 d. Laboratory examinations showed macrocytic anemia and a decreased serum vitamin B12 concentration and increased serum concentrations of folate, vitamin E and copper. Magnetic resonance imaging showed multifocal high signal intensities along the posterior column of the cervical and thoracic spinal cord. Treatment consisted of intramuscular injections of vitamin B12 for 7 d, which increased her serum level of vitamin B12 to normal...
October 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Curtis Balusek, James C Gumbart
BtuB is a TonB-dependent transporter that permits the high-affinity binding and transport of cobalamin (CBL), or vitamin B12, across the asymmetric outer membrane (OM) of Gram-negative bacteria. It has been shown that Ca(2+) binding is necessary for high-affinity binding of CBL to BtuB, and earlier simulations suggested that calcium ions serve to stabilize key substrate-binding extracellular loops. However, those simulations did not account for the lipopolysaccharides in the OM. To illuminate the roles of both Ca(2+) and lipopolysaccharides in protein functionality, we performed simulations of apo and Ca(2+)-loaded BtuB in symmetric and asymmetric bilayers...
October 4, 2016: Biophysical Journal
Maha Abdel-Monem Hegazy, Ahmed Salah Fayed, Nada Sayed Abdel Wahab
New, simple, highly sensitive, precise, and accurate gradient reversed-phase chromatographic methods were developed using HPLC and ultra-HPLC (UPLC) systems for the determination of five components, namely thiamine, pyridoxine, cyanocobalamin, benfotiamine, and diclofenac in tablets and capsules. The methods were compared for their efficiency in the separation and determination of these five compounds using two different C18 columns (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 μm; and 100 × 4.6 mm, 2.6 μm) for HPLC and UPLC, respectively...
October 1, 2016: Journal of AOAC International
Tejas Shah, Kalpana Joshi, Sanjay Mishra, Suhas Otiv, Vijay Kumbar
Folic acid (FA) and iron are essential supplements during pregnancy. Similarly effects of vitamin B12 (B12) inadequacy and high folate and low B12 status, on pregnancy outcome are available. However there are no mandatory recommendations for B12. There are many forms of B12 viz. Cyanocobalamin (Cbl), Methylcobalamin (MeCbl), Adenosylcobalamin (AdCbl), and Hydroxycobalamin (HCbl) though there is limited consensus on which form has better efficacy. In the present study we have determined effect of various forms of B12 in the presence of two FA concentrations namely normal physiological (20ng/mL; NPFA) and supra-physiological (2000ng/mL; SPFA) concentration to mimic real time situation where FA is in excess due to supplementation...
September 28, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Mitra Naseri, Gholam-Reza Sarvari, Mohammad Esmaeeli, Anoush Azarfar, Zahra Rasouli, Giti Moeenolroayaa, Shohre Jahanshahi, Simin Farhadi, Zohreh Heydari, Narges Sagheb-Taghipoor
INTRODUCTION: Folic acid and vitamin B12, alone or in combination have been used to reduce homocysteine (Hcy) levels in dialysis patients. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the efficacy of high doses of oral folate and vitamin B12 in reducing plasma Hcy levels after a 12-week treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two dialysis patients aged 10-324 months screened for hyperhomocysteinuria. Then cases with hyperhomocysteinemia received oral folate 10 mg/day with sublingual methylcobalamin 1 mg/day for 12 weeks...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
Vinita V Khot, Preeti Chavan-Gautam, Savita Mehendale, Sadhana R Joshi
Children born preterm are reported to be at increased risk of developing noncommunicable diseases in later life. Altered placental DNA methylation patterns are implicated in fetal programming of adult diseases. Our earlier animal studies focus on micronutrients (folic acid, vitamin B12) and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) that interact in the 1 carbon cycle, thereby influencing methylation reactions. Our previous studies in women delivering preterm show altered plasma levels of micronutrients and lower plasma LCPUFA levels...
September 27, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
Ping Zhu, Han Lin, Quan Zhou, Jiahong Lv, Zhiguang Zhang, Yue Xu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the most efficient temporomandibular joint (TMJ) lavage technique for complete irrigation and removal of synovial fluid. The corresponding total lavage fluid volume needed also was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional TMJ lavage models of the classic double- and single-needle techniques with modified cannula sizes (diameters, 2.4 and 0.8 mm) were generated based on a constructed upper compartment model...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Jianzhang Chen, Kuolin Xin, Junjie Wei, Kangli Zhang, Huajun Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between maternal serum vitamin D status in first trimester and risk of ASD at age 3-7years in the offspring. METHODS: Using a case-control design, 68 children diagnosed with ASD and 68 sex and age matched typically-developing children were included. Archived maternal blood samples from the first trimester of pregnancy (11-13weeks gestational age) were identified for those participants. Maternal serum levels of 25 hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH) D], unmetabolized folic acid (FA), vitamin B12, homocysteine (HCY) and High Sensitivity C Reactive protein (CRP) were measured from those samples...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Haim Leibovitzh, Eytan Cohen, Amos Levi, Michal Kramer, Tzippy Shochat, Elad Goldberg, Ilan Krause
The relationship between homocysteine levels and glaucoma has been questioned in previous studies without conclusive results. In the current study, we assessed the relationship between homocysteine levels and intraocular pressure which is one of the main factors in the development of glaucoma in men and women.A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of a database from a screening center in Israel which assessed 11,850 subjects, within an age range 20 to 80 years. The relationship between homocysteine and intraocular pressure has been investigated by comparing intraocular pressure in subjects with elevated and normal homocysteine and by comparing homocysteine levels in subjects with elevated and normal intraocular pressure...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dorota Wirkus, Aleksandra Jakubus, Radosław Owczuk, Piotr Stepnowski, Monika Paszkiewicz
Continous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is particularly recommended for septic shock patients in intensive care units. The CRRT technique used most frequently is high volume continuous veno-venous haemofiltration. It provides a high rate of clearance of uremic toxins and inflammatory cytokines. However, it should also be taken into account that substances important for homeostasis may be concurrently unintentionally removed. Accordingly, water-soluble vitamins can be removed during continuous renal replacement therapy, and the estimate of the loss is critical to ensure appropriate supplementation...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Rieko Motooka, Shinji Yamamoto
We report a 39-year-old woman with slowly progressive spastic gait and paresthesia in the lower extremities. Cervical spinal MRI revealed high intensity in the dorsal column from vertebrae C2 to C7. Laboratory findings showed normal vitamin B12 and low serum copper level. By lifestyle history taking, we noticed her extreme unbalanced diet of having 15-20 oysters everyday over 5 years. Then we considered that zinc excess caused copper deficiency myelopathy. We needed to pay attention to copper and zinc level if the patient has a symptom resembling subacute combined degeneration of spinal cord with normal serum vitamin B12...
September 16, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Jangwoen Lee, Sari B Mahon, David Mukai, Tanya Burney, Behdod S Katebian, Adriano Chan, Vikhyat S Bebarta, David Yoon, Gerry R Boss, Matthew Brenner
INTRODUCTION: Cyanide is a major chemical threat, and cyanide ingestion carries a higher risk for a supra-lethal dose exposure compared to inhalation but provides an opportunity for effective treatment due to a longer treatment window and a gastrointestinal cyanide reservoir that could be neutralized prior to systemic absorption. We hypothesized that orally administered cobinamide may function as a high-binding affinity scavenger and that gastric alkalinization would reduce cyanide absorption and concurrently increase cobinamide binding, further enhancing antidote effectiveness...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
Fahd A Al-Khamis
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between Vitamin B12 levels and thyroid hormones in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and ten patients with MS were recruited for this study after Institutional Review Board approval. All patients signed a written informed consent form and donated a single blood sample. Plasma Vitamin B12 levels, triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxine (T4) hormone levels were measured. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Sari Tal, Felicia Stern, Zeev Polyak, Ina Ichelzon, Yosef Dror
The dependent elderly are widely considered to be at higher risk of nutritional problems. Suboptimal micronutrient intake might put the elderly, especially those living in nursing homes, at high risk of morbidity. So far, no public authority, except for the Israel Ministry of Health, has issued particular recommendations for micronutrient supplementation for the elderly. We hypothesized that moderate 'multivitamin' supplementation could improve the vitamin status of the dependent elderly. The study took place in two nursing homes and included 144 dependent elderly (males/females, 35/109)...
November 2016: Experimental Gerontology
F Sapmaz, S Ünverdi, A Azak, M Duranay, Y Fidan, D Yücel
Background: Anaemia is very commonly seen complication in the patients with chronic renal disease (CRD). This is thought to result from decreased renal excretion of the hepcidin and chronic inflammatory process. Our study aimed to investigate the correlation between haemoglobin (Hb) and hepcidin levels in all stages starting from stage 2 chronic renal disease (CRD). Method: The study was conducted on a total of 80 patients with stage 2-3-4-5 CRD who have not been treated with renal replacement therapy, including 20 patients from each stage...
January 22, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
María L Couce, Isidro Vitoria, Luís Aldámiz-Echevarría, Ana Fernández-Marmiesse, Iria Roca, Marta Llarena, Paula Sánchez-Pintos, Rosaura Leis, Alvaro Hermida
BACKGROUND: The mainstay of treating patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) is based on a Phe-restricted diet, restrictive in natural protein combined with Phe-free L-amino acid supplements and low protein foods. This PKU diet seems to reduce atherogenesis and confer protection against cardiovascular diseases but the results from the few published studies have been inconclusive. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between the lipid profile and several treatment-related risk factors in patients with hyperphenylalaninaemia (HPA) in order to optimize their monitoring...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"