keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Meningitis in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784512/epidemiology-and-etiology-of-invasive-bacterial-infection-in-infants-%C3%A2-60-days-old-treated-in-emergency-departments
#1
Christopher Woll, Mark I Neuman, Christopher M Pruitt, Marie E Wang, Eugene D Shapiro, Samir S Shah, Russell J McCulloh, Lise E Nigrovic, Sanyukta Desai, Adrienne G DePorre, Rianna C Leazer, Richard D Marble, Fran Balamuth, Elana A Feldman, Laura F Sartori, Whitney L Browning, Paul L Aronson
OBJECTIVES: To help guide empiric treatment of infants ≤60 days old with suspected invasive bacterial infection by describing pathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibilities. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of infants ≤60 days old with invasive bacterial infection (bacteremia and/or bacterial meningitis) evaluated in the emergency departments of 11 children's hospitals between July 1, 2011 and June 30, 2016. Each site's microbiology laboratory database or electronic medical record system was queried to identify infants from whom a bacterial pathogen was isolated from either blood or cerebrospinal fluid...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784468/vaccines-and-the-risk-of-acute-disseminated-encephalomyelitis
#2
Yong Chen, Fubao Ma, Yuanling Xu, Xuhua Chu, Jinlin Zhang
BACKGROUND: It is important to examine the risk of Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) after vaccination. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study between January 2011 and December 2015. Four controls per case were matched for age, gender, address. An independent expert committee validated the diagnoses of cases and controls. Data on vaccinations were obtained from computerized vaccination records. The analyses were conducted with the use of conditional logistic regression...
May 18, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768458/burden-of-bacterial-meningitis-in-india-preliminary-data-from-a-hospital-based-sentinel-surveillance-network
#3
Yuvaraj Jayaraman, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Girish Kumar Chethrapilly Purushothaman, Bharathy Sukumar, Boopathi Kangusamy, Ambujam Nair Kapoor, Nivedita Gupta, Sanjay Madhav Mehendale
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, acute bacterial meningitis is a major cause of high morbidity and mortality among under five children, particularly in settings where vaccination for H. influenzae type b, S. pneumoniae and N. meningitidis is yet to be introduced in the national immunization programs. Estimation of disease burden of bacterial meningitis associated with these pathogens can guide the policy makers to consider inclusion of these newer vaccines in the immunization programs. A network of hospital based sentinel surveillance was established to generate baseline data on the burden of bacterial meningitis among children aged less than 5 years in India and to provide a platform for impact assessment following introduction of the Pentavalent and Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines (PCV)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766265/surgery-for-subependymal-giant-cell-astrocytomas-in-children-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#4
Martine Fohlen, Sarah Ferrand-Sorbets, Olivier Delalande, Georg Dorfmüller
OBJECTIVE: Subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGAs) are low-grade intraventricular glial tumors that develop in 10-15% of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex; they often cause hydrocephalus and are potentially accessible to a surgical treatment. Our aim is to evaluate morbidity and results after surgery in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. METHOD: We present a retrospective series of 18 pediatric patients operated on for SEGA between 2006 and 2016 at our institution...
May 15, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754466/temporal-trends-in-paediatric-bacterial-meningitis-in-a-tropical-australian-region-1992-2014
#5
Stephanie White, Hala Katf, Rob Baird, Joshua Francis
AIM: The epidemiology of community-acquired bacterial meningitis has changed following the introduction of routine immunisation against common causative organisms. Indigenous children living in the Northern Territory, Australia, have high rates of bacterial infections. This study describes changes in the epidemiology of childhood bacterial meningitis and the distribution of the burden of disease in the Top End. METHODS: A retrospective review of cases derived from hospital medical records and laboratory data was performed...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752131/effectiveness-of-the-dtpa-hbv-ipv-hib-vaccine-against-invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-disease-in-the-netherlands-2003-16-a-case-control-study
#6
Susana Monge, Susan Jm Hahné, Hester E de Melker, Elisabeth Am Sanders, Arie van der Ende, Mirjam J Knol
BACKGROUND: In 2016, an increase in invasive Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) disease was reported in the Netherlands in children younger than 5 years, which coincided with the introduction of the hexavalent diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis-hepatitis B virus-inactivated polio virus/Hib vaccine (DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib) from 2011 onwards. We aimed to estimate the effectiveness of the hexavalent vaccine to assess whether this increase could be explained by decreasing effectiveness...
May 8, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751358/vitamin-d-was-not-associated-with-survival-or-cerebrospinal-fluid-cathelicidin-levels-in-children-with-bacterial-meningitis
#7
Okko Savonius, Tuula Pelkonen, Irmeli Roine, Heli Viljakainen, Sture Andersson, Josefina Fernandez, Heikki Peltola, Otto Helve
AIM: Vitamin D deficiency impairs the immunological system and has been associated with worse outcomes of infectious diseases, but its role in bacterial meningitis remains unknown. We investigated whether serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations related to disease outcomes and to cerebrospinal fluid cathelicidin concentrations in childhood bacterial meningitis. METHODS: All consecutively enrolled patients in a clinical trial on childhood bacterial meningitis in Latin America in 1996-2003 were considered and 142 children, with a median age of seven months who had a confirmed bacterial aetiology and frozen serum available for further analyses, were included in the present study...
May 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750768/dynamics-of-severe-and-non-severe-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-young-children-in-israel-following-pcv7-pcv13-introduction
#8
Daniel Glikman, Ron Dagan, Galia Barkai, Diana Averbuch, Alex Guri, Noga Givon-Lavi, Shalom Ben-Shimol
BACKGROUND: The introduction of the pneumococcal conjugated vaccines (PCVs) resulted in a substantial reduction of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) rates. However, impact on non-severe IPD (mostly occult bacteremia) has not yet been fully elucidated.We assessed severe and non-severe IPD (SIPD and NSIPD, respectively) rate dynamics in children <5 years in Israel before and after PCV7/PCV13 implementation. METHODS: A prospective, population-based, nationwide surveillance...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748704/subdural-empyema-due-to-salmonella-paratyphi-b-in-an-infant-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
Vijai Williams, Keshavamurthy Mysore Lakshmikantha, Karthi Nallasamy, K C Sudeep, Arun Kumar Baranwal, Muralidharan Jayashree
Intracranial infection due to Salmonella is uncommon in children. Subdural empyema (SDE) is described with Salmonella typhi as a complication of meningitis. We report a 6-month-old infant with SDE secondary to Salmonella paratyphi B who had presented with prolonged fever and enlarging head. A literature review of Salmonella SDE in infants with respect to clinical course and outcome is presented.
May 10, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746496/pharyngeal-colonization-and-drug-resistance-profiles-of-morraxella-catarrrhalis-streptococcus-pneumoniae-staphylococcus-aureus-and-haemophilus-influenzae-among-hiv-infected-children-attending-art-clinic-of-felegehiwot-referral-hospital-ethiopia
#10
Wondemagegn Mulu, Endalew Yizengaw, Megbaru Alemu, Daniel Mekonnen, Derese Hailu, Kassaw Ketemaw, Bayeh Abera, Mulugeta Kibret
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic pharyngeal colonization by potential bacteria is the primary reservoir for bacterial species within a population and is considered a prerequisite for development of major childhood diseases such as sinusitis, otitis media, pneumonia, bacteremia, and meningitis. However, there is dearth of data on the colonization and drug resistance pattern of the main bacterial pathogens in the pharynx of HIV infected children in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study determined the pharyngeal colonization and drug resistance profile of bacterial pathogens in HIV infected children attending ART clinic of Felegehiwot Referral Hospital (FHRH), Amhara Region, Ethiopia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742644/invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-neonates-prior-to-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-use-in-south-africa-2003-2008
#11
Krishnee Moodley, Yacoob Mahomed Coovadia, Cheryl Cohen, Susan Meiring, Sarona M Lengand, Linda De Gouveia, Claire von Mollendorf, Penny Crowther-Gibson, Vanessa Quan, Brian Eley, Gary Reubenson, Trusha Nana, Anne von Gottberg
BACKGROUND: Neonatal invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in developing countries is poorly described. We provide a baseline description of neonatal IPD in South Africa, prior to implementation of the seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in 2009. METHODS: Data from children (age ≤ 2 years) with IPD (pneumococcus identified from a normally sterile specimen) from January 2003 - December 2008 were extracted from a national laboratory-based surveillance database...
May 4, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738895/clinical-and-biological-features-of-enteroviral-meningitis-among-adults-and-children-and-factors-associated-with-severity-and-length-of-stay
#12
Mo Vareil, H Wille, S Kassab, C Le-Cornec, M Puges, A Desclaux, M E Lafon, C Tumiotto, C Cazanave, D Neau
BACKGROUND: Enterovirus (EV) meningitis is the most common form of meningitis. Clinical and biological manifestations may be non-specific, leading to prolonged and costly investigations. OBJECTIVES: To determine the different aspects of EV meningitis and the variables associated with length of stay (LOS) in hospital independently of patients' age. STUDY DESIGN: Single center retrospective study of all EV PCR positive CSF samples during 3.5 years in Bordeaux University Hospital, France...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728757/recurrent-meningitis-in-children-etiologies-outcome-and-lessons-to-learn
#13
Amira Masri, Abeer Alassaf, Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Imad Zaq, Azmy Hadidy, Faris G Bakri
PURPOSE: Recurrent meningitis in children is a rare condition. However, its early recognition is important in order to prevent serious complications. This study aims to review cases of recurrent meningitis in children. METHODS: This is a retrospective study that included children diagnosed with recurrent meningitis and who were followed at child neurology clinic at the Jordan University Hospital from January 2001 to June 2017. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were included (nine males and four females)...
May 4, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725170/changing-pattern-of-childhood-epidemic-cerebrospinal-meningitis-in-north-western-nigeria
#14
Sani Mado, Ibrahim Aliyu, Rabiu Murtala
Introduction: Nigeria lies within the meningitis belt which extends from the Gambia, Senegal through Nigeria to Eritrea; however, outbreaks have been shown to extend further south involving countries such as Angola and Namibia. Epidemic outbreaks are often recorded every 8-12 years averaging in a 10 yearly circle however endemic cases still occurs. Materials and Methods: The study was retrospective; all results of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples of children with cases of meningitis from January 2010 to December 2010 were collected from the register of the microbiology laboratory of General Hospital Gusau...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709077/use-of-platelet-transfusions-prior-to-lumbar-punctures-or-epidural-anaesthesia-for-the-prevention-of-complications-in-people-with-thrombocytopenia
#15
REVIEW
Lise J Estcourt, Reem Malouf, Sally Hopewell, Carolyn Doree, Joost Van Veen
BACKGROUND: People with a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia) often require lumbar punctures or an epidural anaesthetic. Lumbar punctures can be diagnostic (haematological malignancies, subarachnoid haematoma, meningitis) or therapeutic (spinal anaesthetic, administration of chemotherapy). Epidural catheters are placed for administration of epidural anaesthetic. Current practice in many countries is to correct thrombocytopenia with platelet transfusions prior to lumbar punctures and epidural anaesthesia, in order to mitigate the risk of serious procedure-related bleeding...
April 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706315/recurrent-streptococcus-pneumoniae-meningitis-and-mondini-dysplasia-association-or-causation
#16
Indar K Sharawat, Ananthanarayanan Kasinathan, Guru P Peruri, Arushi G Saini, Naveen Sankhyan, Akshay K Saxena, Paramjeet Singh
Mondini dysplasia is a developmental disorder of the inner ear structures and it is a rare cause of recurrent bacterial meningitis in children. A 10-year-old boy presented with acute febrile encephalopathy and right ear pain. In the past, he had suffered from two distinct episodes of pyogenic meningitis. On examination, he had signs of meningeal irritation and right ear sensorineural deafness. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and computerized tomography of the temporal bone was suggestive of Mondini dysplasia in the right ear...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705358/abdominal-pain-of-cardiovascular-origin
#17
Pedro Epifânio, Maria Emanuel Amaral, Natália Noronha, Paula Martins, Dina Rodrigues, António Pires, Eduardo Castela
Infective endocarditis is a microbial infection of the endocardium and it is rare in the pediatric population. In children, congenital heart disease is one of the most important risk factors for developing infective endocarditis and can involve other structures in addition to cardiac valves. The prognosis is generally better than in other forms of endocarditis, although the average mortality rate in the pediatric population is 15-25%. Clinical manifestations can mimic other diseases such as meningitis and collagen-vascular disease or vasculitis...
April 25, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695056/burden-of-serious-fungal-infections-in-argentina
#18
Fernando O Riera, Juan P Caeiro, David W Denning
The number of fungal infections at any given time in Argentina is not known. Here we estimate the burden of serious fungal infections in Argentina for the first time. Specific population statistics were searched from multiple sources, local literature was identified, and estimates made. Some additional data were sourced from the Ministry of Health, the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) program, and national haematology and transplant societies. Argentina has a population of 43.8 million, with 25% of this total being children under 15 years...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686670/alum-toll-like-receptor-7-adjuvant-enhances-the-expansion-of-memory-b-cell-compartment-within-the-draining-lymph-node
#19
Hoa Thi My Vo, Barbara Christiane Baudner, Stefano Sammicheli, Matteo Iannacone, Ugo D'Oro, Diego Piccioli
Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective health interventions and, with the exception of water sanitization, no other action has had such a major effect in mortality reduction. Combined with other approaches, such as clean water, better hygiene, and health education, vaccination contributed to prevent millions of cases of deaths among children under 5 years of age. New or improved vaccines are needed to fight some vaccine-preventable diseases that are still a threat for the public health globally, as reported also in the Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP) endorsed by the World Health Assembly in 2012...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679194/posterior-cranial-fossa-and-spinal-local-infections
#20
Federico Bianchi, Gianpiero Tamburrini
OBJECT: The aim of this paper is to review the current knowledge on the management of local infections in posterior cranial fossa (PCF) and spinal surgery; the center of our paper will be the diagnosis and management of infections of the wound, the subcutaneous tissue, and muscle strata. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Very few papers address the problem of local infections in posterior cranial fossa and spinal surgery. The largest amount of the literature data is indeed centered on how to deal with deep infections, CSF leak, and secondary meningitis or hardware infection...
April 20, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
3983
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"