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Concussion in youth sports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131721/postural-stability-in-healthy-child-and-youth-athletes-the-effect-of-age-sex-and-concussion-related-factors-on-performance
#1
Melissa Paniccia, Katherine E Wilson, Anne Hunt, Michelle Keightley, Karl Zabjek, Tim Taha, Isabelle Gagnon, Nick Reed
BACKGROUND: Postural stability plays a key role in sport performance, especially after concussion. Specific to healthy child and youth athletes, little is known about the influence development and sex may have on postural stability while considering other subjective clinical measures used in baseline/preinjury concussion assessment. This study aims to describe age- and sex-based trends in postural stability in uninjured child and youth athletes at baseline while accounting for concussion-related factors...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058559/evaluation-of-an-active-rehabilitation-program-for-concussion-management-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
Danielle M Dobney, Lisa Grilli, Helen Kocilowicz, Christine Beaulieu, Meghan Straub, Debbie Friedman, Isabelle Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the extent to which post-concussion symptoms were influenced by participation in an Active Rehabilitation (AR) program (aerobic exercise, coordination drills, visualization and education) for children and adolescents who are slow to recover from concussion. A secondary exploratory objective included examining the influence of sex on symptom evolution. METHODS: Analysis of prospectively collected data was performed on 277 youth who initiated an AR program, between three and four weeks post-injury at a Concussion Clinic in a tertiary care paediatric teaching hospital...
October 23, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048967/new-and-recurrent-concussions-in-high-school-athletes-before-and-after-traumatic-brain-injury-laws-2005-2016
#3
Jingzhen Yang, R Dawn Comstock, Honggang Yi, Hosea H Harvey, Pengcheng Xun
OBJECTIVES: To examine the trends of new and recurrent sports-related concussions in high-school athletes before and after youth sports traumatic brain injury laws. METHODS: We used an interrupted time-series design and analyzed the concussion data (2005-2016) from High School Reporting Injury Online. We examined the trends of new or recurrent concussion rates among US representative high-school athletes participating in 9 sports across prelaw, immediate-postlaw, and postlaw periods by using general linear models...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943830/the-clinical-implications-of-youth-sports-concussion-laws-a-review
#4
Jeneita M Bell, Christina L Master, Michael R Lionbarger
The recent passage of state youth sports concussion laws across the country introduces clinical implications for health care professionals caring for student-athletes. Although the laws were established to provide protections for student-athletes and prevent adverse outcomes, efforts aimed at implementation have uncovered various challenges in concussion diagnosis and management. Some of the most salient issues include medical evaluation, return to play, and return to learn. For this reason, health care professionals play a pivotal role in determining the critical next steps after a student is removed from play with a suspected concussion...
2017: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940381/evaluating-behavioral-skills-training-to-teach-safe-tackling-skills-to-youth-football-players
#5
Sharayah S M Tai, Raymond G Miltenberger
With concussion rates on the rise for football players, there is a need for further research to increase skills and decrease injuries. Behavioral skills training is effective in teaching a wide variety of skills but has yet to be studied in the sports setting. We evaluated behavioral skills training to teach safer tackling techniques to six participants from a Pop Warner football team. Safer tackling techniques increased during practice and generalized to games for the two participants who had opportunities to tackle in games...
October 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882274/cdc-s-efforts-to-improve-traumatic-brain-injury-surveillance
#6
Jeneita M Bell, Matthew J Breiding, Lara DePadilla
INTRODUCTION: Youth sports concussion has become a prominent public health issue due to growing concern about the risk of long-term health effects. METHOD: A broad spectrum of stakeholders has convened to propose solutions, including a committee of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) who systematically examined the issue and, in a 2014 report, made a series of recommendations to better address this public health problem. RESULTS: Among these recommendations, the NAS committee called for CDC to develop a plan for a comprehensive surveillance system to better quantify the incidence and outcomes of youth sports concussion among children 5 to 21years of age...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876477/a-scoping-review-to-address-the-culture-of-concussion-in-youth-and-high-school-sports
#7
Kelly Sarmiento, Zoe Donnell, Rosanne Hoffman
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the National Academy of Sciences emphasized the need to develop, implement, and evaluate effective large-scale educational strategies to improve the culture of concussion in youth and high school sports. In support of this recommendation, in this article we summarize research on factors that contribute to the culture of concussion. METHODS: We conducted the literature search using 7 electronic databases. We used a scoping review method to identify studies that addressed knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, use of educational resources, and interventions related to concussion among young athletes, coaches, and parents...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836810/a-review-of-the-literature-on-pediatric-concussions-and-return-to-learn-rtl-implications-for-rtl-policy-research-and-practice
#8
Jilian A O'Neill, Molly K Cox, Olivio J Clay, James M Johnston, Thomas A Novack, David C Schwebel, Laura E Dreer
OBJECTIVE: While reintegration of concussed youth back into sports has been increasingly studied over the past decade, a noticeably lacking yet growing body of research has begun to focus on issues surrounding return to academics or "return-to-learn" (RTL). The objective of this article was to conduct a comprehensive literature review to identify the full range of themes and gaps in the current body of RTL research. STUDY DESIGN: Researchers analyzed PubMed, PsycINFO, and ERIC databases to identify all recent (January 2000 through May 2016) empirical publications on the RTL process following youth concussions...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813241/should-potential-risk-of-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-be-discussed-with-young-athletes
#9
Kimberly Hornbeck, Kevin Walter, Matthew Myrvik
As participation in youth sports has risen over the past two decades, so has the incidence of youth sports injuries. A common topic of concern is concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury, in young athletes and whether concussions sustained at a young age could lead to lifelong impairment such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). While the pathway from a concussed young athlete to an adult with CTE remains unknown, current research is attempting to provide more clarity. This article discusses how health care professionals can help foster an informed, balanced decision-making process regarding participation in contact sports that involves the parents as well as the children...
July 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789571/threat-pressure-and-communication-about-concussion-safety-implications-for-parent-concussion-education
#10
Emily Kroshus, Megan Babkes Stellino, Sara P D Chrisman, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND: Parental communication about the importance of reporting concussion symptoms can influence a child's attitudes about such reporting, and is likely related to perceived threat of concussion. However, parental investment in child sport achievement might impede this communication. PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between perceived threat of concussion and parent-child communication regarding concussion symptom reporting, and the potential interaction with parental pressure regarding child sport achievement...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746058/rapid-number-naming-and-quantitative-eye-movements-may-reflect-contact-sport-exposure-in-a-collegiate-ice-hockey-cohort
#11
Lisena Hasanaj, Sujata P Thawani, Nikki Webb, Julia D Drattell, Liliana Serrano, Rachel C Nolan, Jenelle Raynowska, Todd E Hudson, John-Ross Rizzo, Weiwei Dai, Bryan McComb, Judith D Goldberg, Janet C Rucker, Steven L Galetta, Laura J Balcer
BACKGROUND: The King-Devick (K-D) test of rapid number naming is a reliable visual performance measure that is a sensitive sideline indicator of concussion when time scores worsen (lengthen) from preseason baseline. Within cohorts of youth athletes <18 years old, baseline K-D times become faster with increasing age. We determined the relation of rapid number-naming time scores on the K-D test to electronic measurements of saccade performance during preseason baseline assessments in a collegiate ice hockey team cohort...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742608/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-women-s-lacrosse-implications-for-sport-level-and-sex-specific-injury-prevention-strategies
#12
Kim D Barber Foss, Ed Le Cara, Teri McCambridge, Richard Y Hinton, Adam Kushner, Gregory D Myer
OBJECTIVE: By the end of 2013, the United States had an estimated 278‚ÄČ000 female lacrosse players, with half of those participating at the youth level. The effects of the sport's rapid growth on injury rates have yet to be determined. The purpose of this clinical review is to synthesize the available published data on injuries that have occurred in the sport of women's lacrosse. Of particular interest was the risk of injury based on the level of play and position. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, High Wire Press, SPORTDiscus, Google Scholar, and Ovid using the keywords "Lacrosse Injuries," "Epidemiology Lacrosse Injuries," "Lacrosse Injury," "Lacrosse," and "Injury...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739314/concussion-rates-in-u-s-middle-school-athletes-2015-2016-school-year
#13
Zachary Y Kerr, Nelson Cortes, Amanda M Caswell, Jatin P Ambegaonkar, Kaitlin Romm Hallsmith, A Frederick Milbert, Shane V Caswell
INTRODUCTION: Concussion incidence estimates in middle school sports settings are limited. This study examines concussion incidence in nine U.S. middle schools during the 2015-2016 school year. METHODS: Concussion data originated from nine public middle schools in Prince William County, Virginia, during the 2015-2016 school year. Certified athletic trainers collected concussion and athlete exposure (AE) data in school-sanctioned games and practices in boys' baseball, basketball, football, soccer, track, and wrestling; and girls' basketball, cheerleading, soccer, softball, track, and volleyball...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735282/a-systematic-review-of-criteria-used-to-define-recovery-from-sport-related-concussion-in-youth-athletes
#14
REVIEW
Mohammad Nadir Haider, John J Leddy, Sonja Pavlesen, Melissa Kluczynski, John G Baker, Jeffrey C Miecznikowski, Barry S Willer
OBJECTIVE: The Concussion in Sport Group guidelines recommend a multifaceted approach to help clinicians make return to sport decisions. The purpose of this study was to identify the most common multifaceted measures used to define clinical recovery from sport-related concussion in young athletes (high school and/or college level) and to summarise existing knowledge of criteria used to make return to sport decisions. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed (MEDLINE), SPORTDiscus and Embase electronic databases were searched from 1 January 2000 to 1 March 2017 by three independent reviewers...
July 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707498/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-men-s-lacrosse-injury-prevention-implications-for-competition-level-type-of-play-and-player-position
#15
Kim D Barber Foss, Ed Le Cara, Teri McCambridge, Richard Hinton, Adam Kushner, Gregory D Myer
OBJECTIVE: The growth in participation in men's lacrosse has increased the likelihood of sport-specific injuries, yet there continues to be a need for specific epidemiological data concerning lacrosse injuries. The purpose of this literature review is to aggregate available published data on injuries that occur in the sport of men's lacrosse at the youth, high school, collegiate, and professional levels. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, High Wire Press, SPORTDiscus, Google Scholar, and Ovid, using the keywords Lacrosse Injuries, Epidemiology Lacrosse Injuries, Lacrosse Injury, Lacrosse AND Injury and limited to 1990-2016...
July 31, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661825/concussions-in-community-level-rugby-risk-knowledge-and-attitudes
#16
R Kyle Martin, Travis J Hrubeniuk, Christopher D Witiw, Peter MacDonald, Jeff Leiter
BACKGROUND: Rugby is a popular collision sport where participants are at risk of sustaining concussions. Most research focuses on elite-level or youth divisions. Comparatively, little is known about adult community rugby. The aim of this research was to estimate the risk of sustaining a concussion during participation in community-level rugby and summarize the collective knowledge and attitudes toward concussions. HYPOTHESIS: Concussion symptoms will be reported frequently among community-level rugby players and a substantial proportion will report a willingness to continue participation despite the risk...
July 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651641/examining-the-psychometric-properties-of-a-sport-related-concussion-survey-a-rasch-measurement-approach
#17
Mark Hecimovich, Ida Marais
BACKGROUND: Awareness of sport-related concussion (SRC) is an essential step in increasing the number of athletes or parents who report on SRC. This awareness is important, as there is no established data on medical care at youth-level sports and may be limited to individuals with only first aid training. In this circumstance, aside from the coach, it is the players and their parents who need to be aware of possible signs and symptoms. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a parent and player concussion survey intended for use before and after an education campaign regarding SRC...
June 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506094/a-preliminary-study-of-youth-sport-concussions-parents-health-literacy-and-knowledge-of-return-to-play-protocol-criteria
#18
Robert W Turner, Jeffery W Lucas, Lewis H Margolis, Brian N Corwell
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To preliminarily explore parents' health literacy and knowledge of youth sport league rules involving concussion education and training, and return-to-play protocols. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was guided by the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) model of health knowledge to examine parents' concussion literacy, and understanding of concussion education and training, and return-to-play protocols in youth sports. The mixed-method design involved 119 participants; that included in-person (n=8) and telephone (n=4) interviews, and web-based surveys administered through Mechanical Turk via Qualtrics (n=98)...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490228/concussion-mechanisms-and-activities-in-youth-high-school-and-college-football
#19
Robert C Lynall, Kody R Campbell, Erin B Wasserman, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
Our purpose was to determine concussion mechanism and activity differences among three cohorts of football players: youth, high school, and college. Participants in this prospective cohort study were youth (ages 5-14 years, 118 teams, 310 team-seasons), high school (96 teams, 184 team-seasons), and college (34 teams, 71 team-seasons) football players. Athletic trainers collected athlete-exposure (AE) and concussion data during the 2012-2014 seasons. Injury mechanism referred to the object that made contact with the concussed player, resulting in the concussion...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475400/trends-in-sports-related-concussion-diagnoses-in-the-usa-a-population-based-analysis-using-a-private-payor-database
#20
Kelms Amoo-Achampong, Samuel Rosas, Nicholas Schmoke, Yves-Dany Accilien, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Frank McCormick
OBJECTIVE: To describe recent epidemiological trends in concussion diagnosis within the United States (US) population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of PearlDiver, a private-payor insurance database. Our search included International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision codes for sports-related concussions spanning 2010 through 2014. Overall study population included patients aged 5 to 39 with subgroup analysis performed on Cohort A (Youth), children and adolescents aged 5 to 19, and Cohort B (Adults), adults aged 20 to 39...
May 17, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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