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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026632/salmonella-oranienburg-haemorrhagic-cystitis-in-an-immunocompetent-young-male
#1
Jiasian Teh, Mark Quinlan, Damien Bolton
Introduction. Non-typhoidal salmonella (NTS) bacteriuria is extremely rare. Haemorrhagic cystitis is defined by urinary symptoms including haematuria, frequency, urgency and dysuria. Reports of haemorrhagic cystitis caused by NTS are exceptionally uncommon, especially in immunocompetent, young, male patients. Case presentation. A 27-year-old male with no past medical history presented to the Emergency Department with a 24 h history of visible haematuria having returned five days earlier from a five month trip across South America...
August 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020720/pyelonephritis-can-lead-to-life-threatening-complications
#2
Declan B Keenan, Declan M O'Rourke, Aisling E Courtney
Acute pyelonephritis is suggested by the constellation of fever (temperature ≥ 38.5° C), flank pain (typically unilateral), nausea and vomiting, and costovertebral angle tenderness. Complaints typical of lower UTI are variably present. The severity of symptoms ranges from a mild pyrexial illness to life-threatening sepsis. The diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis should be suspected on the basis of the history and clinical examination. If the urine dipstick is negative for nitrites and leukocyte esterase this does not exclude the diagnosis, but it should prompt a re-evaluation of the clinical features and consideration of other potential diagnoses...
February 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017466/prevalence-of-antimicrobial-resistant-escherichia-coli-from-patients-with-suspected-urinary-tract-infection-in-primary-care-denmark
#3
Gloria Córdoba, Anne Holm, Frank Hansen, Anette M Hammerum, Lars Bjerrum
BACKGROUND: Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen causing Urinary Tract Infections (UTI). Data from the current National Surveillance program in Denmark (DANMAP) may not accurately represent the prevalence of resistant E. coli in primary care, because only urine samples from complicated cases may be forwarded to the microbiological departments at hospitals for diagnostic examination. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of resistant E. coli to the most commonly used antimicrobial agents in primary care in a consecutive sample of patients from general practice...
October 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017262/ceftolozane-tazobactam-for-the-treatment-of-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-infections-clinical-effectiveness-and-evolution-of-resistance
#4
Ghady Haidar, Nathan J Philips, Ryan K Shields, Daniel Snyder, Shaoji Cheng, Brian A Potoski, Yohei Doi, Binghua Hao, Ellen G Press, Vaughn S Cooper, Cornelius J Clancy, M Hong Nguyen
Background: Data on the use of ceftolozane-tazobactam and emergence of ceftolozane-tazobactam resistance during multidrug resistant (MDR)-Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections are limited. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 21 patients treated with ceftolozane-tazobactam for MDR-P. aeruginosa infections. Whole genome sequencing and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were performed on longitudinal isolates. Results: Median age was 58 years; 9 patients (43%) were transplant recipients...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016582/safety-and-efficacy-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-children
#5
Udaya Man Singh Dongol, Yugal Limbu
BACKGROUND: Renal stone disease is a common problem in children in developing countries. Its prevalence in children varies from 5% to 15%. It is suggested that anatomic abnormalities, recurrent urinary tract infections, metabolic disturbances, dietary and environmental factors are the predisposing factors.The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children. METHODS: Between May 2012 and Dec 2016, 25 children with renal stone diseases underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy and were evaluated for stone free rate, complications, blood transfusion rate, sandwich therapy, etc...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993087/the-influence-of-patient-gender-on-morbidity-following-total-hip-or-total-knee-arthroplasty
#6
Bryce A Basques, Joshua A Bell, Robert A Sershon, Craig J Della Valle
BACKGROUND: Little research has focused on the influence of gender on postoperative morbidity following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study aimed to compare operative time, length of stay, 30-day complications, and readmissions based on patient gender. METHODS: The prospectively collected National Surgical Quality Improvement Program registry from 2005 to 2014 was queried to identify primary elective THA and TKA patients. Multivariate regression was used to compare the rates of 30-day adverse events, rates of readmission, operative time, and postoperative length of stay between men and women...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986626/results-of-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-single-center-experience
#7
Mehmet Sarier, Sabri Tekin, İbrahim Duman, Yucel Yuksel, Meltem Demir, Furkan Alptekinkaya, Mehmet Guler, Asuman Havva Yavuz, Alim Kosar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the early and long-term results of renal transplantation (RT) patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) due to benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with RT performed in our hospital underwent TURP between November 2008 and March 2016. Results were evaluated along with early and long-term complications. Patients were followed up for a minimum of 12 months...
October 6, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979154/risks-of-peg-tube-placement-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-associated-ascites
#8
Yasir Al-Abboodi, Ali Ridha, Matthew Fasullo, Tarek H Naguib
This study examined the safety of placing percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube in people with liver cirrhosis. The target population was further subdivided into people with ascites (case group) and people without ascites (control). We compare the morbidity and the mortality difference of PEG placement in cirrhotic patients with ascites vs cirrhotic patients without ascites. We then examined multiple factors including sex, race, chronic illness including hypertension, congestive heart failure, and others and their influence on the inpatient mortality of all cirrhotic patients who had PEG placement...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973289/early-postoperative-complications-for-elderly-patients-undergoing-single-level-decompression-for-lumbar-disc-herniation-ligamentous-hypertrophy-or-neuroforaminal-stenosis
#9
Arpan V Prabhu, Bryan A Lieber, Jenson K Henry, Nitin Agarwal, Monir Tabbosha, David O Okonkwo
BACKGROUND: Lumbar decompression for disc herniation is frequently performed on elderly patients, and this trend will continue as the population ages. Clinical reports on the complications of lumbar discectomy show good results and cost effectiveness in young or middle-aged patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the morbidity of single-level lumbar disc surgery for radicular pain in a cohort of patients greater than 80 yr of age to that of a middle-aged cohort...
July 18, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973215/urinary-tract-infection
#10
REVIEW
Kalpana Gupta, Larissa Grigoryan, Barbara Trautner
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in both inpatient and outpatient settings. This article provides an evidence-based, clinically relevant overview of management of UTIs, including screening, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Conditions covered include acute cystitis (both uncomplicated and complicated), catheter-associated UTI, and asymptomatic bacteriuria in both women and men.
October 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971302/risk-factors-for-postoperative-complications-following-diverting-loop-ileostomy-takedown
#11
Anuradha R Bhama, Farwa Batool, Stacey D Collins, Jane Ferraro, Robert K Cleary
INTRODUCTION: Diverting loop ileostomies are frequently created to divert the fecal stream in an effort to protect downstream anastomoses. These are later reversed to restore intestinal continuity. The goal of this study is to evaluate risk factors for postoperative complications following diverting loop ileostomy takedown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent diverting loop ileostomy takedown between January 1, 2010 and April 28, 2015 were identified in the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative registry...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969402/day-case-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy
#12
Hamid Abboudi, Patrick Doyle, Mathias Winkler
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility of performing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) as a day case procedure while maintaining patient satisfaction and safety. Herein we report our experience, selection criteria, and discharge criteria for day case LRP. METHODS: We performed a prospective study with 32 patients undergoing extraperitoneal LRP. These patients were counselled before the procedure that they would go home the same evening of the procedure. Pain scores and quality of life data were recorded day 1 postoperatively via a telephone consultation...
October 3, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967060/original-flow-chart-for-the-management-of-hydroureteronephrosis-caused-by-pessary-placement
#13
Matteo Balzarro, Emanuele Rubilotta, Antonio B Porcaro, Nicolò Trabacchin, Antonio D'Amico, Maria Angela Cerruto, Walter Artibani
INTRODUCTION: The use of a pessary to treat a pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a valid non-invasive option. Severe complications are usually associated with neglected, oversized, or misplaced pessaries. Major complications include fistulas, bowel or bladder erosion, and hydroureteronephrosis (HUN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the literature and our experience in the management of HUN in the last decade, as a consequence of pessary placement. RESULTS: We used flow charts to take an accurate medical history of each patient...
September 9, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965800/short-and-long-term-readmission-rates-after-infrainguinal-bypass-in-a-safety-net-hospital-are-higher-than-expected
#14
Brianna M Krafcik, Sevan Komshian, Kimberly Lu, Lauren Roberts, Alik Farber, Jeffrey A Kalish, Denis Rybin, Jeffrey J Siracuse
OBJECTIVE: Readmission rates are expected to have an increasing effect on both the hospital bottom line and physician reimbursements. Safety net hospitals may be most vulnerable. We examined readmissions at 30 days, 90 days, and 1 year in a large safety net hospital to determine the magnitude and effect of short and long-term readmission rates after lower extremity infrainguinal bypass in this setting. METHODS: All nonemergent extremity infrainguinal bypass performed at a large safety net hospital between 2008 and 2016 were identified...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964566/complete-calcified-ureteral-stent-a-combined-1-session-approach
#15
Fabio C M Torricelli, Ricardo H Berjeaut, Luccas Laffeira, Fernando I Yamauchi, Giovanni S Marchini, William C Nahas, Miguel Srougi, Eduardo Mazzucchi
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a successful 1-session approach to a complete calcified ureteral stent, preserving the affected kidney without complications. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 33-year-old man presented at our service with an increased urinary frequency, afebrile urinary tract infection, and left lumbar pain. He underwent a ureterolithotripsy with ureteral stenting 3 years ago. After that intervention, he was lost to follow-up. A noncontrast computed tomography scan revealed a complete calcified ureteral stent (FECal V)...
August 31, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963998/preventive-newborn-male-circumcision-what-is-the-child-s-best-interest
#16
Maria Luisa Di Pietro, Adele A Teleman, Maria Luisa Di Pietro, Andrea Poscia, Fermín J González-Melado, Nicola Panocchia
Preventive newborn male circumcision has been at the center of scientific debate for many years. The reason for promoting preventive newborn male circumcision, is the reduction of the incidence of UTIs (in the first six months of life), penile cancer, transmission of STDs/HIV infection/AIDS. However preventive interventions in the newborn involving violations of bodily integrity elicit several ethical questions. In this article, we reviewed the literature regarding circumcision, the prevention of UTIs, penile cancer, transmission of STDs/HIV infection/AIDS and complications of this practice in the neonatal period...
September 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962814/nosocomial-infections-in-the-neurointensive-care-unit
#17
REVIEW
Katharina Maria Busl
Infectious complications in the neurointensive care unit (neuro-ICU) are common, including pneumonia, urinary tract infection, bloodstream infection, and intracranial infection. The neuro-ICU population poses a specific challenge in the diagnosis of infections, because of the high incidence of fever in acutely brain-injured patients. Furthermore, susceptibility to infections is likely enhanced by brain-injury (induced immune modulation). This article reviews the concept of brain injury-induced immune modulation, and summarizes available data and knowledge on nosocomial meningitis and ventriculitis, and systemic infectious complications in patients with traumatic brain injury, ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and status epilepticus...
November 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959931/use-of-poliglecaprone-25-for-perineal-urethrostomy-in-cats-61-cases-2007-2013
#18
Daniel L Frem, Heidi A Hottinger, Suzanne L Hunter, Nicholas J Trout
OBJECTIVE To determine frequency of postoperative complications in cats undergoing perineal urethrostomy (PU) in which poliglecaprone 25 was used for closure and identify possible predisposing factors for development of complications. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 61 cats that underwent PU. PROCEDURES Medical records for cats that underwent PU at Gulf Coast Veterinary Specialists between 2007 and 2012 were reviewed. Information regarding signalment, perioperative conditions, surgical procedures, treatments, and postoperative complications were obtained from medical records and by telephone follow-up...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956138/-influence-of-nosocomial-infections-on-activities-of-daily-living-in-acute-geriatric-inpatients
#19
Damaris Marzahn, Wolfgang Pfister, Anja Kwetkat
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents and older hospitalized patients have a significantly higher risk to suffer from nosocomial infections (NI). It is still an unanswered question whether patients suffering from NI are at greater risk for deterioration of activities of daily living. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a retrospective observational study, we evaluated the prevalence of NI during hospitalization of acute geriatric inpatients of the geriatric department at Jena University Hospital by patient records...
September 27, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954556/an-update-on-new-antibiotic-prophylaxis-and-treatment-for-urinary-tract-infections-in-children
#20
Jean Daniel Delbet, Mathie Lorrot, Tim Ulinski
This review focuses on the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTI) in children and in particular its recent changes. Areas covered: Acute pyelonephritis, acute cystitis and asymptomatic bacteriuria or asymptomatic infections have to be clearly distinguished. Prompt treatment is required in pyelonephritis and cystitis, but not in asymptomatic bacteriuria or infection, in order to avoid selection of more virulent strains. This concept should be considered even in immunocompromised or bedridden children. In case of pyelonephritis, there should be no delay in beginning the antibiotic treatment in order to decrease the risk of long term complication, such as renal scars...
October 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
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