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australian animal health laboratory

Deirdre A Collins, Papanin Putsathit, Briony Elliott, Thomas V Riley
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has risen in prominence in Australia recently. We conducted laboratory-based surveillance of CDI to examine C. difficile circulating in Australia in October/November 2012. We collected 542 isolates from all States and Territories of Australia except the Northern Territory. The most common ribotypes (RTs) were RTs 014/020 (25.5%), 002 (10.5%), 056 (5.9%) and 070 (4.2%). The survey results were compared with results from a similar Australian survey conducted in 2010. Proportions of RTs 014/020 and 002 remained similar, while RTs 056 (5...
April 2017: Pathology
Kateřina Beranová, Dagmar Zendulková
Rabies is a zoonosis ending fatally in all mammals, including humans. Unlike the other mammals, this disease is usually not fatal in bats. Rabies is caused by lyssaviruses which are divided into several distinct phylogroups comprising 15 known viruses. It is believed that the original hosts of all lyssaviruses are bats. Classical rabies virus (RABV) occurs in bats across Americas and represents the major cause of rabies in humans and domestic animals there. European bat lyssavirus type 1 (EBLV-1) and European bat lyssavirus type 2 (EBLV-2) are the most frequently diagnosed lyssaviruses in Eurasia...
June 2016: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
John Lowenthal
Emerging infectious diseases arising from livestock and wildlife pose serious threats to global human health, as shown by a series of continuous outbreaks involving highly pathogenic influenza, SARS, Ebola and MERS. The risk of pandemics and bioterrorism threats is ever present and growing, but our ability to combat them is limited by the lack of available vaccines, therapeutics and rapid diagnostics. The use of high bio-containment facilities, such as the CSIRO Australian Animal Health Laboratory, plays a key role studying these dangerous pathogens and facilitates the development of countermeasures...
May 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Tobias Eisenberg, Stefanie P Glaeser, Christa Ewers, Torsten Semmler, Werner Nicklas, Jörg Rau, Norman Mauder, Nicola Hofmann, Koichi Imaoka, Masanobu Kimura, Peter Kämpfer
A pleomorphic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, indole-, oxidase- and catalase-negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile bacterium was isolated in 1979 from the heart of a spinifex hopping mouse (Notomys alexis Thomas, 1922) with septicaemia and stored as Streptobacillus moniliformis in the strain collection of the Animal Health Laboratory, South Perth, Western Australia (AHL 370-1), as well as under CCUG 12425. On the basis of 16SrRNA gene sequence analyses, the strain was assigned to the genus Streptobacillus, with 99...
December 2015: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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