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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222931/novel-definitions-of-low-risk-and-high-risk-prostate-cancer-implications-for-the-european-randomized-study-of-screening-for-prostate-cancer-risk-assessment-tool
#1
EDITORIAL
Deepak K Pruthi, Donna P Ankerst, Michael A Liss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220677/toward-a-sociology-of-oceans
#2
John Hannigan
Despite covering around 70 percent of the earth's surface, the ocean has long been ignored by sociology or treated as merely an extension of land-based systems. Increasingly, however, oceans are assuming a higher profile, emerging both as a new resource frontier, a medium for geopolitical rivalry and conflict, and a unique and threatened ecological hot spot. In this article, I propose a new sociological specialty area, the "sociology of oceans" to be situated at the interface between environmental sociology and traditional maritime studies...
February 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216381/the-role-of-smoking-in-social-networks-on-smoking-cessation-and-relapse-among-adults-a-longitudinal-study
#3
David J Blok, Sake J de Vlas, Pepijn van Empelen, Frank J van Lenthe
Understanding the spread of smoking cessation and relapse within social networks may offer new approaches to further curb the smoking epidemic. Whether smoking behavior among social network members determines smoking cessation and relapse of adults however, is less known. For this study, longitudinal data of 4623 adults participating in the Dutch Longitudinal Internet Studies for the Social sciences (LISS) panel were collected in March 2013 with a follow-up in 2014. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between the proportion of smokers in social networks, and (1) smoking cessation (n=762) and (2) smoking relapse (n=1905)...
February 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202928/hospitalizations-due-to-selected-infections-caused-by-opportunistic-premise-plumbing-pathogens-oppp-and-reported-drug-resistance-in-the-united-states-older-adult-population-in-1991-2006
#4
Elena N Naumova, Alexander Liss, Jyotsna S Jagai, Irmgard Behlau, Jeffrey K Griffiths
The Flint Water Crisis-due to changes of water source and treatment procedures-has revealed many unsolved social, environmental, and public health problems for US drinking water, including opportunistic premise plumbing pathogens (OPPP). The true health impact of OPPP, especially in vulnerable populations such as the elderly, is largely unknown. We explored 10(8) claims in the largest US national uniformly collected data repository to determine rates and costs of OPPP-related hospitalizations. In 1991-2006, 617,291 cases of three selected OPPP infections resulted in the elderly alone of $0...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195393/use-of-multigene-panel-identifies-pathogenic-variants-in-several-crc-predisposing-genes-in-patients-previously-tested-for-lynch-syndrome
#5
Maren F Hansen, Jostein Johansen, Anna E Sylvander, Inga Bjørnevoll, Bente A Talseth-Palmer, Liss Anne S Lavik, Alexandre Xavier, Lars F Engebretsen, Rodney J Scott, Finn Drabløs, Wenche Sjursen
Many families with a high burden of colorectal cancer fulfil the clinical criteria for Lynch Syndrome. However, in about half of these families, no germline mutation in the mismatch repair genes known to be associated with this disease can be identified. The aim of this study was to find the genetic cause for the increased colorectal cancer risk in these unsolved cases. Therefore, we designed a gene panel targeting 112 previously known or candidate colorectal cancer susceptibility genes to screen 274 patient samples for mutations...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168394/understanding-falls-risk-and-impacts-in-chinese-american-older-patients-at-a-community-health-center
#6
Susan Huang, Thomas Duong, Liss Ieong, Thu Quach
While falls are highly prevalent and costly for older adults, little is known about falls for Asian Americans. Using a custom, evidence-based, bilingual fall risk assessment and management tool, our study examined the prevalence of falls among older Chinese-speaking patients at a community health center. We identified the risks for falls and explored an association of fall risk with emergency room (ER) and hospital use in this population. The setting was at a community health center in Oakland, CA. Participants included 839 older Asian American adults (ages 65-80 years) who spoke Cantonese/Mandarin...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161843/validation-of-3d-volumetric-based-renal-function-prediction-calculator-for-nephron-sparing-surgery
#7
Renato Corradi, Aashish Kabra, Melissa Suarez, Jacob Oppenheimer, Zhamshid Okhunov, Hugh White, Stephanie Nougaret, Hebert A Vargas, Jaime Landman, Jonathan Coleman, Michael A Liss
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a recently published volume-based renal function prediction calculator intended to be used in small renal mass surgical counseling. METHODS: Retrospective data collection included three-dimensional calculation of renal mass and parenchyma of patients who have undergone extirpative therapy. The predicted glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated using the online calculator. The predicted GFR was compared with the actual 6-month GFR. The Pearson correlation coefficient, paired t test and root-mean-square error (RMSE) are utilized for statistical analysis...
February 4, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152639/the-authors-reply-regarding-do-heroin-overdose-patients-require-observation-after-receiving-naloxone
#8
Michael W Willman, David B Liss, Evan S Schwarz, Michael E Mullins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124069/assessing-vowel-centralization-in-dysarthria-a-comparison-of-methods
#9
Annalise R Fletcher, Megan J McAuliffe, Kaitlin L Lansford, Julie M Liss
Purpose: The strength of the relationship between vowel centralization measures and perceptual ratings of dysarthria severity has varied considerably across reports. This article evaluates methods of acoustic-perceptual analysis to determine whether procedural changes can strengthen the association between these measures. Method: Sixty-one speakers (17 healthy individuals and 44 speakers with dysarthria) read a standard passage. To obtain acoustic data, 2 points of formant extraction (midpoint and articulatory point) and 2 frequency measures (Hz and Bark) were trialed...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122935/ikk%C3%AE-regulates-human-keratinocyte-migration-by-surveillance-of-the-redox-environment
#10
Thomas S Lisse, Sandra Rieger
Although the functions of H2O2 in epidermal wound repair are conserved throughout evolution, the underlying signaling mechanisms are largely unknown. In this study we used human keratinocytes (HEK001) to investigate H2O2-dependent wound repair mechanisms. Scratch wounding led to H2O2 production in 2-3 cell layers at the wound margin within ∼30min and subsequent cysteine modification of proteins via sulfenylation. Intriguingly, exogenous H2O2 treatment resulted in preferential sulfenylation of keratinocytes that adopted a migratory phenotype and detached from neighboring cells, suggesting that one of H2O2's primary functions is to stimulate signaling factors involved in cell migration...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121374/lobe-based-image-reconstruction-in-electrical-impedance-tomography
#11
Benjamin Schullcke, Bo Gong, Sabine Krueger-Ziolek, Merryn Tawhai, Andy Adler, Ullrich Mueller-Lisse, Knut Moeller
PURPOSE: Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) is an imaging modality used to generate two-dimensional cross-sectional images representing impedance change in the thorax. The impedance of lung tissue changes with change in air content of the lungs; hence, EIT can be used to examine regional lung ventilation in patients with abnormal lungs. In lung EIT, electrodes are attached around the circumference of the thorax to inject small alternating currents and measure resulting voltages. In contrast to X-ray computed tomography (CT), EIT images do not depict a thorax slice of well defined thickness, but instead visualize a lens-shaped region around the electrode plane, which results from diffuse current propagation in the thorax...
December 9, 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115690/hearing-regulates-drosophila-aggression
#12
Marijke Versteven, Lies Vanden Broeck, Bart Geurten, Liesbeth Zwarts, Lisse Decraecker, Melissa Beelen, Martin C Göpfert, Ralf Heinrich, Patrick Callaerts
Aggression is a universal social behavior important for the acquisition of food, mates, territory, and social status. Aggression in Drosophila is context-dependent and can thus be expected to involve inputs from multiple sensory modalities. Here, we use mechanical disruption and genetic approaches in Drosophila melanogaster to identify hearing as an important sensory modality in the context of intermale aggressive behavior. We demonstrate that neuronal silencing and targeted knockdown of hearing genes in the fly's auditory organ elicit abnormal aggression...
January 23, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114786/a-non-narcotic-pathway-for-the-management-of-postoperative-pain-following-pediatric-robotic-pyeloplasty
#13
Ziho Lee, Marion Schulte, William Robert DeFoor, Pramod Puli Reddy, Brian VanderBrink, Eugene Minevich, Zachary Liss, Katherine Corbyons, Paul Hyungwook Noh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is two-fold: first to describe the non-narcotic pathway for the management of postoperative pain after robotic pyeloplasty; second, to compare perioperative outcomes for children undergoing robotic pyeloplasty whose postoperative pain was managed with and without the non-narcotic pathway. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective reviewed was performed on 96 consecutive patients from October 2011 to December 2015 who underwent robotic pyeloplasty by three primary surgeons at a single pediatric institution...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074921/heat-related-hospitalizations-in-older-adults-an-amplified-effect-of-the-first-seasonal-heatwave
#14
Alexander Liss, Ruiruo Wu, Kenneth Kwan Ho Chui, Elena N Naumova
Older adults are highly vulnerable to the detriment of extreme weather. The rapid non-linear increase in heat-related morbidity is difficult to quantify, hindering the attribution of direct effects of exposure on severe health outcomes. We examine the effects of ambient temperatures on heat-related hospitalizations (HH) among the elderly in presence of strong seasonality and by assessing the effects caused by the first and subsequent seasonal heatwaves. We empirically derived the thresholds for a heatwave episode in Boston MSA based on 16 years of daily observations...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059930/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-locally-advanced-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#15
Patrick W McLaughlin, Adam L Liss, Paul L Nguyen, Dean G Assimos, Anthony V D'Amico, Alexander R Gottschalk, Gary S Gustafson, Sameer R Keole, Stanley L Liauw, Shane Lloyd, Benjamin Movsas, Bradley R Prestidge, Timothy N Showalter, Al V Taira, Neha Vapiwala, Brian J Davis
PURPOSE: To present the most updated American College of Radiology consensus guidelines formed from an expert panel on treatment of locally advanced, high-risk prostate cancer METHODS:: The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios...
February 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058480/everyman-s-prostate-phantom-kiwi-fruit-substitute-for-human-prostates-at-magnetic-resonance-imaging-diffusion-weighted-imaging-and-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#16
Ullrich G Mueller-Lisse, Sophie Murer, Ulrike L Mueller-Lisse, Marissa Kuhn, Juergen Scheidler, Michael Scherr
OBJECTIVES: To apply an easy-to-assemble phantom substitute for human prostates in T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T2WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and 3D magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). METHODS: Kiwi fruit were fixed with gel hot and cold compress packs on two plastic nursery pots, separated by a plastic plate, and submerged in tap water inside a 1-L open-spout plastic watering can for T2WI (TR/TE 7500/101 ms), DWI (5500/61 ms, ADC b50-800 s/mm(2) map) and MRS (940/145 ms) at 3...
January 5, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040010/the-role-of-stress-and-word-size-in-spanish-speech-segmentation
#17
Amy LaCross, Julie Liss, Beatriz Barragan, Ashley Adams, Visar Berisha, Megan McAuliffe, Robert Fromont
In English, the predominance of stressed syllables as word onsets aids lexical segmentation in degraded listening conditions. Yet it is unlikely that these findings would readily transfer to languages with differing rhythmic structure. In the current study, the authors seek to examine whether listeners exploit both common word size (syllable number) and stress cues to aid lexical segmentation in Spanish. Forty-seven Spanish-speaking listeners transcribed two-word Spanish phrases in noise. As predicted by the statistical probabilities of Spanish, error analysis revealed that listeners preferred two- and three-syllable words with penultimate stress in their attempts to parse the degraded speech signal...
December 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031536/use-of-non-selective-%C3%AE-blockers-is-associated-with-decreased-tumor-proliferative-indices-in-early-stage-breast-cancer
#18
Alexa Montoya, Clarissa N Amaya, Andres Belmont, Nabih Diab, Richard Trevino, Geri Villanueva, Steven Rains, Luis A Sanchez, Nabeel Badri, Salman Otoukesh, Ali Khammanivong, Danielle Liss, Sarah T Baca, Renato J Aguilera, Erin B Dickerson, Alireza Torabi, Alok K Dwivedi, Aamer Abbas, Karinn Chambers, Brad A Bryan, Zeina Nahleh
Previous studies suggest beta-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) antagonists (β-blockers) decrease breast cancer progression, tumor metastasis, and patient mortality; however the mechanism for this is unknown. Immunohistochemical analysis of normal and malignant breast tissue revealed overexpression of β1-AR and β3-AR in breast cancer. A retrospective cross-sectional study of 404 breast cancer patients was performed to determine the effect of β-blocker usage on tumor proliferation. Our analysis revealed that non-selective β-blockers, but not selective β-blockers, reduced tumor proliferation by 66% (p < 0...
January 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007367/exercise-decreases-and-smoking-increases-bladder-cancer-mortality
#19
Michael A Liss, Martha White, Loki Natarajan, J Kellogg Parsons
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate modifiable lifestyle factors of smoking, exercise, and obesity with bladder cancer mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used mortality-linked data from the National Health Information Survey from 1998 through 2006. The primary outcome was bladder cancer-specific mortality. The primary exposures were self-reported smoking status (never- vs. former vs. current smoker), self-reported exercise (dichotomized as "did no exercise" vs...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002857/mri-of-the-prostate-recommendations-on-patient-preparation-and-scanning-protocol
#20
Tobias Franiel, Michael Quentin, Ullrich Gerd Mueller-Lisse, Lars Schimmoeller, Patrick Asbach, Stefan Rödel, Winfried Willinek, Katja Hueper, Dirk Beyersdorff, Matthias Röthke
The Working Group Uroradiology and Urogenital Diagnosis of the German Roentgen Society has developed uniform recommendations for the preparation and implementation of prostate MRI. In the first part detailed recommendations are given in tabular form regarding 1. anamnestic data before prostate MRI, 2. termination of examinations and preparation of examinations, 3. examination protocol and 4. MRI-guided in-bore biopsy. In the second part, the recommendations are discussed in detail and relevant background information is provided...
January 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
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