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Wenko Smolka, Thomas Knoesel, Ullrich Mueller-Lisse
A case of a 60-year-old man with severe trismus after inferior alveolar nerve block is presented. MRI scans as well as histologic examination revealed muscle fibrosis and degeneration of the medial part of the left temporal muscle due to myotoxicity of a local anesthetic agent.
March 12, 2018: Quintessence International
Sibylle C Mellinghoff, Jörg Janne Vehreschild, Blasius J Liss, Oliver A Cornely
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are among the most common hospital acquired infections. While the incidence of SSI in certain indicator procedures is the subject of ongoing surveillance efforts in hospitals and health care systems around the world, SSI rates vary markedly within surgical categories and are poorly represented by routinely monitored indicator procedures (eg, mastectomy or hernia surgery). Therefore, relying on indicator procedures to estimate the burden of SSI is imprecise and introduces bias as hospitals may take special precautions to achieve lower SSI rates...
March 12, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Aleksandra E Lewandowska, Katarzyna Macur, Paulina Czaplewska, Joanna Liss, Krzysztof Łukaszuk, Stanisław Ołdziej
Analysis of proteomic composition of human follicular fluid (hFF) has been previously proposed as a potential tool of oocyte quality evaluation. In order to develop an efficient method to investigate the hFF proteome and peptidome components, we applied and tested a few prefractionation schemes of hFF material consisting of ultrafiltration, optional immunodepletion, and high pH RP-HPLC separation by building spectral libraries and comparing their quantification capabilities of unfractionated samples. Low Molecular-Weight Fraction peptides (LMWF, <10 kDa) and High Molecular-Weight Fraction proteins (HMWF, >10 kDa) resulting from ultrafiltration were analyzed separately...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Sanja Galeb, Jason Liss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Ophthalmology Clinics
Samuel Durán Agüero, Lissé Angarita Dávila, Ma Cristina Escobar Contreras, Diana Rojas Gómez, Jorge de Assis Costa
Noncaloric sweeteners (NCS) are food additives used to provide sweetness without adding calories. Their consumption has become more widespread around the world in all age groups, including children. The aim of this study is to show the state of the art about the intake of noncaloric sweeteners in children, as well as their benefits and consumption risk. Scientific searchers were used (PUBMED, Scopus, and Scielo) to analyze articles that included keywords (noncaloric sweeteners/saccharin/cyclamate/acesulfame potassium/aspartame/sucralose/stevia/children) in English, Spanish, and Portuguese...
2018: BioMed Research International
William R Smith, Jeffrey Wera, Frederick V Ramsey, Robert Takei, Greg Gallant, Frederic Liss, Pedro Beredjiklian, Moody Kwok
BACKGROUND: The potential impact of the number and type of preoperative encounters on satisfaction rates prior to elective surgical procedures is unclear, specifically scheduling and medical clearance encounters. METHODS: Questionnaires investigating satisfaction with the preoperative process were collected for 200 patients presenting for elective hand surgery. The number of telephone, surgeon, and medical clearance encounters were recorded, and satisfaction was determined for each type based on a 4-category Likert scale...
March 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Shazia Moeen, Nazish Farooq, Romana Irshad, Muhammad Ashfaq, Umer Farooq, Muhammad Idris
BACKGROUND: Lifelong transfusions are life savers for thalassaemia patients but are associated with many complications. Alloimmunization is a major problem for blood banks. Antigens of foreign red blood cells induce the formation of antibodies in patients suffering from thalassaemia. The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency of red cell alloantibodies and to express the type of these antibodies in thalassaemia patients. METHODS: Patients that have received multiple transfusions were included in this study...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Chenjing Fan, Pål Graff, Per Vihlborg, Ing-Liss Bryngelsson, Lena Andersson
INTRODUCTION: Work-related exposure to silica is a global health hazard that causes diseases such as silicosis. Some studies have also reported that silica exposure is linked to elevated cardiovascular disease mortality. However, these diagnoses have not been investigated in detail and there have been few studies on morbidity. The aim of this study is to examine morbidity and mortality from different cardiovascular diseases among silica-exposed Swedish foundry workers. METHODS: Historical and contemporary measurements (1968-2006) of respiratory silica exposure were matched to job categories, individual foundries, and 4 time periods (1968-1979, 1980-1989, 1990-1999, 2000-2006) using a mixed model...
2018: PloS One
Annelies Decloedt, Barbara Broux, Dominique De Clercq, Piet Deprez, Glenn Van Steenkiste, Lisse Vera, Sofie Ven, Gunther van Loon
BACKGROUND: Based on its pharmacokinetic profile and electrophysiological effects in healthy horses, sotalol potentially could be used as a long-term PO antiarrhythmic drug in horses. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of sotalol on heart rate (HR), QT interval, atrial fibrillatory rate, and success of cardioversion in horses with naturally occurring chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). ANIMALS: Twenty-eight horses referred for transvenous electrical cardioversion of AF were treated with 2 mg/kg sotalol PO q12h for 3 days before cardioversion, and 13 horses underwent the same protocol without sotalol administration...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Marika Pikta, Galina Zemtsovskaja, Hector Bautista, Georges Nouadje, Timea Szanto, Margus Viigimaa, Valdas Banys
BACKGROUND: The von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimer test is required to correctly subtype qualitative type 2 von Willebrand disease (VWD). The current VWF multimer assays are difficult, nonstandardized, and time-consuming. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of the commercial VWF multimer kit by Sebia (Lisses, France), an electrophoresis technique yielding same-day results. METHODS: Ten healthy volunteer plasma samples, in-house reference plasma (IRP) and commercial normal plasma (CNP) samples, 10 plasma samples from patients with a known VWD type, 1 hemophilia A plasma sample, and 7 external quality assurance (EQA) samples were analyzed using the commercial VWF multimer kit...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Susan Scott, Patrick N Harris, Deborah A Williamson, Michael A Liss, Suhail A R Doi, Matthew J Roberts
PURPOSE: Rectal culture screening for fluoroquinolone (FQ)-resistant Enterobacteriaceae before transrectal ultrasound guided prostate (TRUSPB) biopsy and targeted antibiotic prophylaxis (TAP) may decrease post-TRUSPB infection rates compared to empiric (EAP) regimens. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of targeted relative to empiric prophylaxis regimens on rates of infectious complications after TRUSPB and to determine the baseline prevalence of FQ resistance based on prior rectal swabs...
February 16, 2018: World Journal of Urology
G Kakourou, S Kahraman, G C Ekmekci, H A Tac, G Kourlaba, E Kourkouni, A Cervero Sanz, J Martin, H Malmgren, C Giménez, V Gold, F Carvalho, C Billi, J F C Chow, X Vendrell, G Kokkali, J Liss, J Steffann, J Traeger-Synodinos
STUDY QUESTION: Has PGD-HLA been successful relative to diagnostic and clinical efficacy? SUMMARY ANSWER: The diagnostic efficacy of PGD-HLA protocols was found lower in this study in comparison to published PGD-HLA protocols and to that reported for general PGD by ESHRE (78.5 vs 94.1% and vs 92.6%, respectively), while the clinical efficacy has proven very difficult to assess due to inadequate follow-up of both the ART/PGD and HSCT procedure outcomes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The first clinical cases for PGD-HLA were reported in 2001...
February 8, 2018: Human Reproduction
Lei Han, Yun-Gen Hu, Wei-Li Fang, Bo Jin, Shi-Chao Xu
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical effects of inversive LISS(less invasive stabilization system, LISS) plate for the treatment of intertrochanteric and subtrochanteric fractures combined with femoral shaft fractures. METHODS: From January 2012 to January 2015, 24 patients with intertrochanteric and subtrochanteric fractures combined with femoral shaft fractures were treated with inversive LISS plate, included 16 males and 8 females with an average age of 62.5 years old ranged from 35 to 81 years old...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Donna P Ankerst, Martin Goros, Scott A Tomlins, Dattatraya Patil, Ziding Feng, John T Wei, Martin G Sanda, Jonathan Gelfond, Ian M Thompson, Robin J Leach, Michael A Liss
BACKGROUND: The Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial Risk Calculator (PCPTRC) is a commonly used risk tool for predicting the outcome on biopsy based on the established risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether incorporation of the novel urinary markers prostate cancer antigen 3 (PCA3) and TMPRSS2:ERG (T2:ERG) into the PCPTRC improves its discrimination, accuracy, and clinical net benefit. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Since PCA3 and T2:ERG were not measured as part of the PCPTRC, a Bayesian modeling approach was used to combine data where the markers were measured in a Michigan cohort with the PCPTRC as prior probabilities to form an updated PCPTRC...
February 5, 2018: European Urology Focus
Nina Mørkved, Dagfinn Winje, Anders Dovran, Kjersti Arefjord, Erik Johnsen, Rune Andreas Kroken, Liss-Gøril Anda-Ågotnes, Jens C Thimm, Igne Sinkeviciute, Maria Rettenbacher, Else-Marie Løberg
The prevalence of childhood trauma (CT) in schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) and substance abuse disorders (SUDs) is high. Direct comparisons of CT in these disorders are lacking, and it is not known whether there are differences in self-reported CT in SSDs as compared to SUDs. We aimed to compare the frequency, severity and types of CT in SDDs and SUDs. Patients with SSDs (n = 57) and SUDs (n = 57) were matched for age and gender. Overall levels of CT and CT subtypes were measured retrospectively by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire Short-Form (CTQ-SF), and grouped into none/low and moderate/severe levels of CT...
January 10, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Johanna Duda, Michael Fauler, Jan Gründemann, Birgit Liss
Cell specificity of gene expression analysis is from particular relevance when the abundance of target cells is not homogeneous in the compared tissue samples, like it is the case, e.g., when comparing brain tissues from controls and in neurodegenerative disease states. While single-cell gene expression profiling is already a methodological challenge per se, it becomes even more prone to artifacts when analyzing individual cells from human post-mortem samples. Not only because human samples can never be matched as precisely as those from animal models, but also, because the RNA-quality that can be obtained from human samples usually displays a high range of variability...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Julie A Lynch, Megan P Rothney, Raoul R Salup, Cesar E Ercole, Sharad C Mathur, David A Duchene, Joseph W Basler, Javier Hernandez, Michael A Liss, Michael P Porter, Jonathan L Wright, Michael C Risk, Mark Garzotto, Olga Efimova, Laurie Barrett, Brygida Berse, Michael J Kemeter, Phillip G Febbo, Atreya Dash
BACKGROUND: Active surveillance (AS) has been widely implemented within Veterans Affairs' medical centers (VAMCs) as a standard of care for low-risk prostate cancer (PCa). Patient characteristics such as age, race, and Agent Orange (AO) exposure may influence advisability of AS in veterans. The 17-gene assay may improve risk stratification and management selection. OBJECTIVES: To compare management strategies for PCa at 6 VAMCs before and after introduction of the Oncotype DX Genomic Prostate Score (GPS) assay...
January 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
Tim Vandecasteele, Stijn Schauvliege, Matthew Philpott, Eli Clement, Gunther van Loon, Lisse Vera, Tim Boussy, Thomas van Bergen, Wim Van Den Broeck, Pieter Cornillie, Glenn Van Langenhove
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of atrial fibrillation after an ablation procedure remains a major problem which emphasizes the need for improved pulmonary vein isolation techniques. AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe an implantation procedure of a pulmonary vein-stent which may possibly serve as an ablation technique in the future and to examine stent safety in a follow-up study in pigs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight pigs were catheterized and nine self-expanding nitinol stents were implanted through a transfemoral or transatrial approach into the antra of the pulmonary veins...
January 8, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
J Ricardo Rivero, Ian M Thompson, Michael A Liss, Dharam Kaushik
Chemoprevention of prostate cancer aims to reduce the mortality as well as the public burden of overdetection, which increases anxiety, cost, and morbidity related to the disease. The role of 5-α-reductase inhibitors has been well investigated and shown to decrease the risk of prostate cancer. No current evidence exists to encourage the use of nutrients or vitamins as chemopreventive agents. The modulation of inflammation is one of the most promising targets for chemoprevention of prostate cancer.
January 8, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
Peter G van der Velden, Bas Pijnappel, Erik van der Meulen
PURPOSE: Examine to what extent adults affected by recent potentially traumatic events (PTE) with different PTSD-symptom levels are more at risk for post-event loneliness than non-affected adults are in the same study period. METHODS: We extracted data from the Dutch longitudinal LISS panel to measure pre-event loneliness (2011) and post-event loneliness (2013 and 2014), pre-event mental health problems (2011), PTE and PTSD symptoms (2012). This panel is based on a traditional random sample drawn from the population register by Statistics Netherlands...
December 29, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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