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distal femur fracture

Robinson E Pires, Vincenzo Giordano, Fabricio Fogagnolo, Richard S Yoon, Frank A Liporace, Mauricio Kfuri
Treatment of distal femur fractures in the coronal plane can be challenging. Depending on fracture line orientation, topography and associated comminution, decision-making regarding approach and fixation is not straightforward and can result in complications. Therefore, treatment of coronal plane distal femur fractures (Busch-Hoffa fractures) should be approached in a systematic manner, leading to efficient planning and operative execution. Here, we offer a proposed treatment algorithm, guiding treatment, approach and fixation based on the modified Letenneur classification of coronal plane distal femur fractures...
June 4, 2018: Injury
Yoon Young Choi, Seung Joon Rhee, Jae Yoon Jeong
Surgical treatment of AO/OTA type 33-C fractures is a therapeutic challenge despite advances in surgical instruments and techniques. We introduce a novel surgical technique named transient retrograde interfragmentary compression (TRIC) to help intraarticular fragment reduction in AO/OTA type 33-C fracture. We inserted a partial threaded 7.0-cannulated screw with a washer along the transepicondylar axis from the medial femoral epicondyle during the articular block reduction process of AO/OTA type 33-C fractures to strengthen the compressive force between the condylar fragments and to enhance the handling of the articular block fragment in the alignmental correction stage...
June 4, 2018: Injury
Meng-Wei Chang, Hang-Tsung Liu, Chun-Ying Huang, Peng-Chen Chien, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Ching-Hua Hsieh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the incidence of femoral fracture location in trauma patients with different weight classes in fall and motorcycle accidents. METHODS: A total of 2647 hospitalized adult patients with 2760 femoral fractures from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2014 were included in this study. Femoral fracture sites were categorized based on their location: proximal femur (type A, trochanteric; type B, neck; and type C, head), femoral shaft, and distal femur...
May 27, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Joshua A Parry, Nicolas M Hernandez, Daniel J Berry, Matthew P Abdel, Brandon J Yuan
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to review Vancouver B2 and B3 periprosthetic hip fractures treated with uncemented modular fluted tapered stems to analyze survivorship, risk factors for stem subsidence, and clinical outcomes. METHODS: We identified 61 Vancouver B2 and B3 periprosthetic hip fractures treated with modular fluted tapered implants. Survivorship, radiographic outcomes, and clinical outcomes were assessed. The mean age at the time of surgery was 72 years, mean body mass index was 30, and mean follow-up was 4...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Kazuhiko Udagawa, Yasuo Niki, Kengo Harato, Shu Kobayashi, So Nomoto
Retrograde intramedullary nailing (RIMN) has been used for periprosthetic fracture of the distal femur after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), yielding good fracture union rates and satisfactory outcomes. However, RIMN for posterior-stabilized- (PS-) TKA risks malpositioning the entry point and disturbing the post of the tibial insert, and the surgeon therefore usually requires knee joint arthrotomy. We report a case of a 79-year-old male who was involved in bicycle accident resulting in periprosthetic fracture of the distal femur after PS-TKA...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Junqi Huang, Wenzhi Bi, Gang Han, Jinpeng Jia, Meng Xu, Wei Wang
Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of unicompartment allografts replacement for reconstructing bone defect after bone tumor resection around knee. Methods: Between January 2007 and January 2014, a total of 9 patients received unicompartment allografts replacement to treat bone tumor around the knee, including 6 males and 3 females, with an average age of 25.8 years (range, 17-38 years). There were 7 patients with bone giant cell tumor (postoperative recurrence of bone giant cell tumor in 1 case) and 2 patients with chondromyxoid fibroma...
August 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Jishizhan Chen, Hua Lu
Objective: To investigate current status and latest progress of clinical research on distal femoral fractures. Methods: The related literature was extensively reviewed to summarize the trend of the researches and their clinical application in the treatment of distal femoral fractures. Results: Distal femoral fractures are likely to occur in young people who suffer from high-energy damage and the elderly with osteoporosis, which is always comminuted and unstable fractures, and often involved in the articular surface and combined with serious soft tissue injury...
February 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Tao Ji, Wei Guo, Rongli Yang, Xiaodong Tang, Dasen Li, Yi Yang
Objective: To investigate the surgical characteristics and preliminary effectiveness of Orthofix unilateral external fixator in the treatment of musculoskeletal tumors. Methods: Twenty-two patients received Orthofix unilateral external fixator treatment for bone defect after tumor excision or complications after limb salvage surgery between June 2011 and March 2016. There were 11 males and 11 females with a median age of 23.5 years (range, 4-57 years). The bone defect or limb length discrepancy after tumor resection was at proximal femur in 6 cases, distal femur in 8 cases, diaphysis of femur in 3 cases, proximal tibia in 2 cases, and diaphysis of tibia in 3 cases...
October 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Christopher Parks, Christopher M McAndrew, Amanda Spraggs-Hughes, William M Ricci, Matthew J Silva, Michael J Gardner
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to design and validate a novel stiffness-measuring device using locked plating of distal femur fractures as a model. METHODS: All patients underwent a laterally-based approach, with a bridging locked construct after indirect reduction. A custom and calibrated intraoperative stiffness device was applied and the stiffness of the construct was blindly recorded. Fourteen of twenty-seven patients enrolled with distal femur fractures (AO/OTA 33A and 33C) completed the study...
May 21, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
Xusheng Qiu, Yixin Chen, Xiaoyang Qi, Zhipeng Yin, Yan Zhang, Zhen Wang
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of induced membrane technique in the treatment of infectious bone defect. Methods: Thirty-six patients (37 bone lesions) with infectious bone defects were treated with induced membrane technique between January 2011 and June 2014. There were 28 males and 8 females with an average age of 36 years (range, 20-68 years). All bone defects were post-traumatic infectious bone defect. The bone defect was located at the tibia and fibula in 24 cases (25 bone lesions), at femurs in 6 cases (6 bone lesions), at ulnas and radii in 2 cases (2 bone lesions), at calcanei in 3 cases (3 bone lesions), and at clavicle in 1 case (1 bone lesion)...
September 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Philip K Lim, Bharat Sampathi, Nathan M Moroski, John A Scolaro
Traumatic through-knee or transfemoral amputations with concomitant ipsilateral femoral fractures are extremely rare injuries. The initial goal of management is patient resuscitation and stabilization. Subsequent interventions focus on limb salvage and the creation of a residual limb that can be fitted successfully for a functional lower extremity prosthesis. We present the case of a patient who sustained a traumatic through-knee amputation ipsilateral to an open comminuted femoral fracture. Soft tissue injury prohibited initial primary closure over the distal femoral condyles...
May 23, 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Christina Marie Joseph, Thilak Samuel Jepegnanam
Head preservation of an infected neck of femur fracture appears to be extremely rare with no described cases in literature till date. We present the outcome of head salvage in a young adult with an infected neck of femur nonunion who in addition had chronic osteomyelitic sequelae of his entire femur with reactivation of latent infection in the distal femoral diaphysis. Osteosynthesis was performed by means of cancellous screw fixation augmented with bone substitute following a failed attempt at salvage with a valgus intertrochanteric osteotomy...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Luis Grau, Kevin Collon, Ali Alhandi, David Kaimrajh, Maria Varon, Loren Latta, Fernando Vilella
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the biomechanical effect of filling locking variable angle (VA) screw holes at the area of metaphyseal fracture comminution in a Sawbones® (Sawbones USA, Vashon, Washington) model (AO/OTA 33A-3 fracture) using a Synthes VA locking compression plate (LCP) (Depuy Synthes, Warsaw, Indiana). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven Sawbones® femur models had a Synthes VA-LCP placed as indicated by the manufacturers technique...
June 1, 2018: Surgical Technology International
Cindy T R Mus-Peters, Bionka M A Huisstede, Suzie Noten, Minou W M G C Hitters, Wilma M A van der Slot, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons
PURPOSE: Non-ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy are prone to low bone mineral density. In ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy, bone mineral density deficits are expected to be small or absent, but a consensus conclusion is lacking. In this systematic review bone mineral density in ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Function Classification Scales I-III) was studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, Embase, and Web of Science were searched. According to international guidelines, low bone mineral density was defined as Z-score ≤ -2...
May 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Amy Drahota, Yvette Revell-Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Orthopaedic Nursing
Phillip M Mitchell, Adam K Lee, Cory A Collinge, Bruce H Ziran, Kate G Hartley, A Alex Jahangir
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early clinical results of distal femur fractures treated with carbon fiber reinforced - polyetheretherketone (CFR-PEEK) plates compared to stainless steel (SS) lateral locking plates. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative cohort study SETTING:: ACS Level I trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two patients (11 SS, 11 CFR-PEEK) with closed distal femur fractures treated by a single surgeon over a 6-year period...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Stacey Lobos, Anne Cooke, Gillian Simonett, Chester Ho, Steven K Boyd, W Brent Edwards
Rapid declines in bone mineral density (BMD) at the knee after spinal cord injury (SCI) are associated with an increased risk of fracture. Evaluation of bone quality using the trabecular bone score (TBS) may provide a complimentary measure to BMD assessment to examine bone health and fracture risk after SCI. The purpose of this study was to assess bone mineral density (BMD) and trabecular bone score (TBS) at the knee in individuals with and without SCI. Nine individuals with complete SCI (mean time since SCI 2...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Jih Huei Tan, Yuzaidi Mohamad, Chor Lip Henry Tan, Mahazir Kassim, Theodore E Warkentin
BACKGROUND: Symmetrical peripheral gangrene is characterized as acral (distal extremity) ischemic limb injury affecting two or more extremities, without large vessel obstruction, typically in a symmetrical fashion. Risk factors include hypotension, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and acute ischemic hepatitis ("shock liver"). In contrast, venous limb gangrene is characterized by acral ischemic injury occurring in a limb with deep vein thrombosis. Both symmetrical peripheral gangrene and venous limb gangrene present as acral limb ischemic necrosis despite presence of arterial pulses...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Dayne T Mickelson, Thomas Lefebvre, Ken Gall, Jonathan C Riboh
BACKGROUND: Adjustable-loop cortical buttons for femoral fixation of bone-tendon-bone grafts have potential advantages over interference screw fixation; however, these devices have not been benchmarked biomechanically against interference screws. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to compare the time zero biomechanical properties of commercially available, adjustable-loop cortical button and metallic interference screws for femoral fixation of bone-tendon-bone grafts. It was hypothesized that no significant differences would be found in biomechanical properties between fixation techniques...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Dimitar Todorov, Ivan Zderic, R Geoff Richards, Mark Lenz, Matthias Knobe, Dian Enchev, Asen Baltov, Boyko Gueorguiev, Karl Stoffel
Treatment of complex osteoporotic distal femur fractures with the Less Invasive Stabilization System (LISS) has been associated with high complication rates. The aim of this study was to investigate the biomechanical competence of two different techniques of augmented versus conventional LISS plating. Unstable distal femoral fracture AO/OTA 33-A3 was created via osteotomies in artificial femora simulating osteoporotic bone. Three study groups, consisting of 10 specimens each, were created for instrumentation with either LISS plate, LISS plate with additional polylactide intramedullary graft, or LISS plate plus medial locking plate (double plating)...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
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