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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353222/cohort-study-of-cervical-ossification-of-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-in-a-korean-populations-demographics-of-prevalence-surgical-treatment-and-disability
#1
Jaeyong Shin, Yong Wook Kim, Sang Gyu Lee, Eun-Cheol Park, Seo Yeon Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the demographic characteristics of cervical ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) including prevalence, surgical treatment, and disability in Korean population using Korean National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort (NHIS-NSC) data, and to analyze association between accessibility for surgical treatment and socioeconomic factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A population-based cohort study was conducted using stratified representative sampling from NHIS-NSC data from the year 2002 to 2013...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352634/factors-influencing-the-recycling-rate-under-the-volume-based-waste-fee-system-in-south-korea
#2
Seejeen Park
Since the early 2000s, the Republic of Korea (South Korea) has maintained its top-rank status for its municipal solid waste (MSW) recycling rate among OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) member countries. The volume-based waste fee system (VWF) has been considered to be the major factor contributing to the high recycling performance, and extant research has verified the positive relationship between VWF adoption and the MSW recycling rate. Nevertheless, there exists a gap in the literature, as past research has focused more on testing the positive effects of VWF rather than on investigating the determinants of recycling rates after the adoption of VWF...
January 15, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351862/social-capital-socioeconomic-status-and-depression-in-community-living-elderly
#3
Kyu-Man Han, Changsu Han, Cheolmin Shin, Hee-Jung Jee, Hyonggin An, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Young-Hoon Ko, Seung-Hyun Kim
A growing body of evidence has suggested that social capital is an upstream social determinant of mental health. We investigated the association of cognitive social capital, including interpersonal trust and reciprocity, with depressive symptoms in the elderly. We also explored the mediating role of cognitive social capital in the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and depressive symptoms and the moderating effect of SES on the relationship between social capital and depressive symptoms. Data from the 2012 Korea Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS) was analyzed for 5969 participants aged 60 years or older...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350261/publication-rates-of-the-abstracts-presented-at-the-annual-meeting-of-international-society-for-pediatric-neurosurgery
#4
Murat Şakir Ekşi, Emel Ece Özcan-Ekşi
INTRODUCTION: Publication of a study is the end point of the process to contribute to the literature and confirm the scientific value of the study. Publication rates of the abstracts presented at the annual meetings of neurosurgery have been studied, previously. However, publication rates of the abstracts presented at the annual meetings of pediatric neurosurgery have not been reported, yet. We evaluated abstracts presented at the 38th annual meeting of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery (ISPN) held in South Korea, 2010...
January 19, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350153/trends-in-infectious-disease-mortality-south-korea-1983-2015
#5
Young June Choe, Seung-Ah Choe, Sung-Il Cho
We used national statistics from 1983-2015 to evaluate trends in mortality caused by infectious diseases in South Korea. Age-standardized mortality from infectious disease decreased from 43.5/100,000 population in 1983 to 16.5/100,000 in 1996, and then increased to 44.6/100,000 in 2015. Tuberculosis was the most common cause of death in 1983 and respiratory tract infections in 2015. We observed a significant decline in infant deaths caused by infectious diseases, but mortality in persons age >65 years increased from 135 deaths/100,000 population in 1996 to 307/100,000 in 2015...
February 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350137/multiplex-pcr-based-next-generation-sequencing-and-global-diversity-of-seoul-virus-in-humans-and-rats
#6
Won-Keun Kim, Jin Sun No, Seung-Ho Lee, Dong Hyun Song, Daesang Lee, Jeong-Ah Kim, Se Hun Gu, Sunhye Park, Seong Tae Jeong, Heung-Chul Kim, Terry A Klein, Michael R Wiley, Gustavo Palacios, Jin-Won Song
Seoul virus (SEOV) poses a worldwide public health threat. This virus, which is harbored by Rattus norvegicus and R. rattus rats, is the causative agent of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in humans, which has been reported in Asia, Europe, the Americas, and Africa. Defining SEOV genome sequences plays a critical role in development of preventive and therapeutic strategies against the unique worldwide hantavirus. We applied multiplex PCR-based next-generation sequencing to obtain SEOV genome sequences from clinical and reservoir host specimens...
February 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350109/tertiary-care-experience-of-sorafenib-in-the-treatment-of-progressive-radioiodine-refractory-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma-a-korean-multicenter-study
#7
Mijin Kim, Tae Hyuk Kim, Dong Yeob Shin, Dong-Jun Lim, Eui Young Kim, Won Bae Kim, Jae Hoon Chung, YoungKee Shong, Bo Hyun Kim, Won Gu Kim
BACKGROUND: Sorafenib, a multi-kinase inhibitor, is approved for the treatment of patients with radioactive iodine (RAI)-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of sorafenib in real-world clinical practice and compared the results with those of the DECISION trial. We also evaluated the clinical features associated with better clinical outcomes after sorafenib treatment. METHODS: This multicenter, retrospective cohort study evaluated 98 patients with progressive RAI-refractory DTC who were treated with sorafenib in six tertiary hospitals in Korea...
January 19, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349950/issues-and-solutions-of-healthcare-data-de-identification-the-case-of-south-korea
#8
EDITORIAL
Soo Yong Shin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349947/incidence-rate-of-atypical-femoral-fracture-after-bisphosphonates-treatment-in-korea
#9
Young Kyun Lee, Soyeon Ahn, Kyoung Min Kim, Chang Suk Suh, Kyung Hoi Koo
BACKGROUND: Atypical femoral fracture (AFF) has been high-lightened, because it was associated with the long-term use of bisphosphonate. Comparing western countries, the incidence rate of AFF was unclear in East Asian patients. Our purposes were to estimate the incidence rate of radiologically defined AFF in Korea, and to determine the association between occurrence of AFF and long-term use of bisphosphonate. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based, retrospective cohort study in patients aged ≥ 45 years, who took bisphosphonate...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349943/environmental-and-body-concentrations-of-heavy-metals-at-sites-near-and-distant-from-industrial-complexes-in-ulsan-korea
#10
Joo Hyun Sung, Inbo Oh, Ahra Kim, Jiho Lee, Chang Sun Sim, Cheolin Yoo, Sang Jin Park, Geun Bae Kim, Yangho Kim
BACKGROUND: Industrial pollution may affect the heavy metal body burden of people living near industrial complexes. We determined the average concentrations of atmospheric heavy metals in areas close to and distant from industrial complexes in Korea, and the body concentrations of these heavy metals in residents living near and distant from these facilities. METHODS: The atmospheric data of heavy metals (lead and cadmium) were from the Regional Air Monitoring Network in Ulsan...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349940/etiology-of-invasive-bacterial-infections-in-immunocompetent-children-in-korea-2006-2010-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#11
Kyuyol Rhie, Eun Hwa Choi, Eun Young Cho, Jina Lee, Jin Han Kang, Dong Soo Kim, Yae Jean Kim, Youngmin Ahn, Byung Wook Eun, Sung Hee Oh, Sung Ho Cha, Young Jin Hong, Kwang Nam Kim, Nam Hee Kim, Yun Kyung Kim, Jong Hyun Kim, Taekjin Lee, Hwang Min Kim, Kun Song Lee, Chun Soo Kim, Su Eun Park, Young Mi Kim, Chi Eun Oh, Sang Hyuk Ma, Dae Sun Jo, Young Youn Choi, Hoan Jong Lee
BACKGROUND: Invasive bacterial infections in apparently immunocompetent children were retrospectively analyzed to figure causative bacterial organisms in Korea. METHODS: A total of 947 cases from 25 university hospitals were identified from 2006 to 2010 as a continuance of a previous 10-year period study from 1996 to 2005. RESULTS: Escherichia coli (41.3%), Streptococcus agalactiae (27.7%), and Staphylococcus aureus (27.1%) were the most common pathogens in infants < 3 months of age...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349939/comparison-of-district-level-smoking-prevalence-and-their-income-gaps-from-two-national-databases-the-national-health-screening-database-and-the-community-health-survey-in-korea-2009-2014
#12
Ikhan Kim, Jinwook Bahk, Yeon Yong Kim, Jeehye Lee, Hee Yeon Kang, Juyeon Lee, Sung Cheol Yun, Jong Heon Park, Soon Ae Shin, Young Ho Khang
BACKGROUND: We compared age-standardized prevalence of cigarette smoking and their income gaps at the district-level in Korea using the National Health Screening Database (NHSD) and the Community Health Survey (CHS). METHODS: Between 2009 and 2014, 39,049,485 subjects participating in the NHSD and 989,292 participants in the CHS were analyzed. The age-standardized prevalence of smoking and their interquintile income differences were calculated for 245 districts of Korea...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349938/improved-regional-disparities-in-neonatal-care-by-government-led-policies-in-korea
#13
In Gyu Song, Seung Han Shin, Han Suk Kim
BACKGROUND: Although the number of high-risk neonates has increased in Korea, hospitals were reluctant to open or maintain neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) due to the low medical cost. Consequently, there were regional disparities in facilities, equipment, and neonatal health outcomes. For these reasons, the Korean government began to invest in neonatal care during the last decade. We identified the status of NICUs in Korea and assessed changes after the government-driven policies...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349937/changes-in-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-an-initial-diagnosis-of-prostate-cancer-in-korea-10-year-trends-reported-by-a-tertiary-center
#14
Ji Eun Heo, Hyun Kyu Ahn, Jinu Kim, Byung Ha Chung, Kwang Suk Lee
BACKGROUND: The Korea Central Cancer Registry reported that incidence rates of prostate cancer have not increased continuously. We used recent trends in the incidence of prostate cancer to generate a preliminary report of the Korean population with prostate cancer. METHODS: Patients initially diagnosed with prostate cancer by prostate biopsy from 2006 to 2015 at our tertiary center were selected. All patients were categorized according to age (< 65, 65-75, > 75 years), time period (2006-2010 vs...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349806/blue-monday-is-real-for-suicide-a-case-control-study-of-188-601-suicides
#15
Eunkyong Kim, Seo-Eun Cho, Kyoung-Sae Na, Han-Yong Jung, Kang-Joon Lee, Seong-Jin Cho, Dae-Guen Han
Many studies have reported that suicides tend to occur on Mondays. However, owing to a lack of controls, conclusive findings on the potential effects of a day of the week on suicides have been lacking. We analyzed public data for causes of death from 1997 to 2015 in the Republic of Korea. Accidental death was used as a control group. The probability of suicide on each day of the week according to age group was calculated. A total of 377,204 deaths (188,601 suicides and 188,603 accidental deaths) were used. The frequency of suicide was highest on Monday and decreased throughout the week until Saturday...
January 19, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349269/fertility-behaviors-in-south-korea-and-their-association-with-ultrasound-prenatal-sex-screening
#16
Jinkook Lee, James P Smith
Imbalances in the sex ratio at birth in Southeast and East Asia increased especially after the mid-1980s. We study how ultrasonic technology affected sex ratios at birth in South Korea, a country with a strong son preference. Between 1985 and 1995 fetal screenings and abortion services were widely available, though not available in the years before, and prohibited in the years after. Using the 1985, 1995, and 2005 Census microdata, we examine changes in sex ratios of newborns by birth year. We then study periodic effects on the fertility stopping rule, using the 2006 Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, which provides birth years for all children...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349051/anisakiasis-involving-the-oral-mucosa
#17
Sang Kyu Choi, Cheol Keun Kim, Soon Heum Kim, Dong In Jo
Anisakis is a parasite with life cycles involving fish and marine mammals. Human infection, anisakiasis, occurs with the ingestion of raw infected seafood and usually presents with acute or chronic gastrointestinal symptoms from esophageal or gastric invasion. We report a rare caseinvolving the oral cavity. A 39-year-old male presented with oral and sub-sternal pain of one day duration after eating raw cuttlefish. Physical examination revealed areas of erythema and edema with a central white foreign particle on the labial and buccal mucosa...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348717/high-performance-liquid-chromatography-analysis-of-phytosterols-in-panax-ginseng-root-grown-under-different-conditions
#18
Dong Gu Lee, Jaemin Lee, Kyung-Tack Kim, Sang-Won Lee, Young-Ock Kim, Ik-Hyun Cho, Hak-Jae Kim, Chun-Gun Park, Sanghyun Lee
Background: The Panax ginseng plant is used as an herbal medicine. Phytosterols of P. ginseng have inhibitory effects on inflammation-related factors in HepG2 cells. Methods: Phytosterols (e.g., stigmasterol and β-sitosterol) in the roots of P. ginseng grown under various conditions were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography. The P. ginseng roots analyzed in this study were collected from three cultivation areas in Korea (i.e., Geumsan, Yeongju, and Jinan) and differed by cultivation year (i...
January 2018: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348352/complete-genome-sequence-of-lacinutrix-venerupis-dok2-8-isolated-from-marine-sediment-from-the-east-sea-republic-of-korea
#19
Se Ra Lim, Dae Gwin Jeong, Won-Jae Chi, Ji Hyung Kim
Lacinutrix venerupis has recently been considered a potential fish pathogen. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of L. venerupis DOK2-8, which possesses several virulence-related genes. This strain may be potentially virulent to other marine organisms, and its genomic information will provide important insights into the biodiversity of the genus Lacinutrix.
January 18, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347957/high-parasite-burden-increases-the-surfacing-and-mortality-of-the-manila-clam-ruditapes-philippinarum-in-intertidal-sandy-mudflats-on-the-west-coast-of-korea-during-hot-summer
#20
Ki-Woong Nam, Hee-Do Jeung, Jae-Hee Song, Kwan-Ha Park, Kwang-Sik Choi, Kyung-Il Park
BACKGROUND: Over the past few decades, mass mortality events of Manila clams have been reported from several tidal flats on the west coast of Korea during hot summers. During such mortality events, once clams simultaneously surface, they fail to re-burrow, perishing within a week. The present study aimed to identify the possible causes of the mass mortality of this clam species by investigating the Perkinsus olseni parasite burden and immune parameters of surfaced clams (SC) and normal buried clams (NBCs) when sea water or sediment temperature in the study area varied from 25 °C to 34 °C from late July through mid-August 2015...
January 18, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
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