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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620851/changes-of-erythrocyte-metric-parameters-in-pelophylax-ridibundus-amphibia-anura-ranidae-inhabiting-water-bodies-with-different-types-of-anthropogenic-pollution-in-southern-bulgaria
#1
Zhivko Zhelev, Georgi Popgeorgiev, Ivan Ivanov, Peter Boyadzhiev
The article presents the basic erythrocyte-metric parameters: cell length (EL) and width (EW), EL/EW, erythrocyte size (ES), nucleus length (NL) and width (NW), NL/NW, nucleus size (NS) and nucleocytoplasmic ratio (NS/ES) in the wild populations of marsh frogs Pelophylax ridibundus from five water bodies in Southern Bulgaria (two rivers and three reservoirs) with different degrees and types of anthropogenic pollution (less disrupted water basins, domestic sewage pollution and heavy metal pollution). The changes in erythrocyte-metric parameters depend on concentrations and types of toxicant and, to a lesser extent, on the type of water basin...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587861/evolutionary-dynamics-of-an-expressed-mhc-class-ii%C3%AE-locus-in-the-ranidae-anura-uncovered-by-genome-walking-and-high-throughput-amplicon-sequencing
#2
Kevin P Mulder, Maria Cortazar-Chinarro, D James Harris, Angelica Crottini, Evan H Campbell Grant, Robert C Fleischer, Anna E Savage
The Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) is a genomic region encoding immune loci that are important and frequently used markers in studies of adaptive genetic variation and disease resistance. Given the primary role of infectious diseases in contributing to global amphibian declines, we characterized the hypervariable exon 2 and flanking introns of the MHC Class IIβ chain for 17 species of frogs in the Ranidae, a speciose and cosmopolitan family facing widespread pathogen infections and declines. We find high levels of genetic variation concentrated in the Peptide Binding Region (PBR) of the exon...
June 3, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585437/a-new-species-of-the-genus-amolops-anura-ranidae-from-high-altitude-sichuan-southwestern-china-with-a-discussion-on-the-taxonomic-status-of-amolops-kangtingensis
#3
Liang Fei, Chang-Yuan Ye, Yu-Fan Wang, Ke Jiang
A new species of the genus Amolops Cope, 1865 is described from Xinduqiao, Kangding, Sichuan. It was previously identified as Amolops kangtingensis, which is synonymized to Amolops mantzorum in this study. The new species, Amolops xinduqiao sp. nov., is distinguished from all other congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) medium body size, adult males SVL 41.2-47.5 mm ( n=15, average 43.9 mm), adult females SVL 48.5-56.6 mm ( n=15, average 52.5 mm); (2) head length equal to width or slightly wider than long; (3) tympanum small, but distinct; (4) vomerine teeth in two tiny rows, separated by a space about one vomerine teeth row; (5) bony projections on lower jaw absent; (6) dorsolateral folds usually absent; (7) tarsal folds or glands on tarsus absent; (8) circummarginal groove on disc of finger I absent; (9) tibiotarsal articulation reaching nostril or beyond; (10) webs of toe IV reaching to distal articulation, other toes fully webbed to disc; and (11) vocal sac absent in males...
May 18, 2017: Zoological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476494/diversity-and-phylogeography-of-northeast-asian-brown-frogs-allied-to-rana-dybowskii-anura-ranidae
#4
Bao-Tian Yang, Yu Zhou, Mi-Sook Min, Masafumi Matsui, Bing-Jun Dong, Pi-Peng Li, Jonathan J Fong
We investigated the species diversity and phylogeography of the Northeast Asian brown frogs allied to Rana dybowskii (the R. dybowskii species complex: R. dybowskii, R. pirica, and R. uenoi) using four mitochondrial and three nuclear loci. Phylogenetic analyses confirmed the existence of three distinct species in this complex; using extensive molecular data, we confirm the validity of Rana uenoi recognized as a distinct species, and infer R. dybowskii and R. pirica to be sister species. Also, we included populations from previously unsampled regions in Northeast China, and identified them to be R...
May 2, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466247/is-trace-element-concentration-correlated-to-parasite-abundance-a-case-study-in-a-population-of-the-green-frog-pelophylax-synkl-hispanicus-from-the-neto-river-calabria-southern-italy
#5
Carlo De Donato, Donatella Barca, Concetta Milazzo, Raffaella Santoro, Gianni Giglio, Sandro Tripepi, Emilio Sperone
Bioaccumulation of 13 trace elements in the livers of 38 Pelophylax sinkl. hispanicus (Ranidae) and its helminth communities were studied and compared among three sites, each with a different degree of pollution along River Neto (south Italy) during September, 2014. Trace element concentrations in water and liver were measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. For most elements, the highest concentration was recorded in the frogs inhabiting the third site, the one with the highest degree of pollution...
May 2, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429172/a-new-species-of-haematoloechus-looss-1899-digenea-plagiorchioidea-haematoloechidae-a-parasite-of-rana-psilonota-webb-and-r-zweifeli-hillis-frost-webb-anura-ranidae-in-mexico
#6
Virginia León-Règagnon, Ángeles R Romero-Mayén
During an inventory of the helminths of amphibians in Mexico, specimens of an undescribed species of Haematoloechus Looss, 1899 (Digenea: Haematoloechidae) were collected from the lungs of frogs of the "tarahumarae" group in western México. Haematoloechus longicollum n. sp. differs from other known species of Haematoloechus by the combination of the following characters: body elongate and slender in the preovarian region and broad and blunt in the postovarian region, ovary separated from the ventral sucker more than twice the ovary length, oral sucker to pharynx length ratio 1:0...
June 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402481/identification-and-functional-analyses-of-novel-antioxidant-peptides-and-antimicrobial-peptides-from-skin-secretions-of-four-east-asian-frog-species
#7
Xiao Wang, Shuguang Ren, Chao Guo, Weiqi Zhang, Xiaoli Zhang, Baowen Zhang, Sihan Li, Jian Ren, Yuhong Hu, Hui Wang
In the present study, we identified 50 peptides that are classified into 21 peptide families with antioxidant and/or antimicrobial activity from Amolops daiyunensis, Pelophylax hubeiensis, Hylarana maosuoensis and Nanorana pleskei, which belong to four different genera in the Ranidae and Dicroglossidae families. These four frog species were found for the first time to express antioxidant peptides (AOPs) and antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). These peptides include seven newly discovered families daiyunin-1, daiyunin-2, daiyunin-3, maosonensis-1MS1, pleskein-1, pleskein-2, and pleskein-3...
June 1, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369142/phylogeny-and-biogeography-of-south-chinese-brown-frogs-ranidae-anura
#8
Yu Zhou, Sirui Wang, Hedan Zhu, Pipeng Li, Baotian Yang, Jianzhang Ma
Few studies have explored the role of Cenozoic tectonic evolution in shaping the patterns and processes of extant animal distributions in and around East Asia. In this study, we selected South Chinese brown frogs as a model to examine the phylogenetic and biogeographical consequences of Miocene tectonic events within South China and its margins. We used mitochondrial and nuclear molecular data to reconstruct phylogenetic interrelationships among Chinese brown frogs using Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348925/neogene-amphibians-and-reptiles-caudata-anura-gekkota-lacertilia-and-testudines-from-the-south-of-western-siberia-russia-and-northeastern-kazakhstan
#9
Davit Vasilyan, Vladimir S Zazhigin, Madelaine Böhme
BACKGROUND: The present-day amphibian and reptile fauna of Western Siberia are the least diverse of the Palaearctic Realm, as a consequence of the unfavourable climatic conditions that predominate in this region. The origin and emergence of these herpetofaunal groups are poorly understood. Aside from the better-explored European Neogene localities yielding amphibian and reptile fossil remains, the Neogene herpetofauna of Western Asia is understudied. The few available data need critical reviews and new interpretations, taking into account the more recent records of the European herpetofauna...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334717/a-tandemly-arranged-pattern-of-two-5s-rdna-arrays-in-amolops-mantzorum-anura-ranidae
#10
Ting Liu, Menghuan Song, Yun Xia, Xiaomao Zeng
In an attempt to extend the knowledge of the 5S rDNA organization in anurans, the 5S rDNA sequences of Amolops mantzorum were isolated, characterized, and mapped by FISH. Two forms of 5S rDNA, type I (209 bp) and type II (about 870 bp), were found in specimens investigated from various populations. Both of them contained a 118-bp coding sequence, readily differentiated by their non-transcribed spacer (NTS) sizes and compositions. Four probes (the 5S rDNA coding sequences, the type I NTS, the type II NTS, and the entire type II 5S rDNA sequences) were respectively labeled with TAMRA or digoxigenin to hybridize with mitotic chromosomes for samples of all localities...
2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145223/light-and-transmission-electron-microscopy-of-cepedea-longa-opalinidae-from-fejervarya-limnocharis
#11
Can Li, Xiao Jin, Ming Li, Guitang Wang, Hong Zou, Wenxiang Li, Shangong Wu
Cepedea longa Bezzenberger, 1904, collected from Fejervarya limnocharis (Amphibia, Anura, Ranidae) from Honghu Lake, Hubei Province, China in May-July 2016, is described at both light and transmission electron microscope levels. This is the first electron microscopic study of this species. Cepedea longa possesses a developed fibrillar skeletal system, composed of longitudinal fibrillar bands and transversal fibrils as well as numerous thin microfibrils dispersed in the endoplasm, which may play an important role in morphogenesis and offer some resilience to deformations of the cell...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095428/linking-ecology-and-epidemiology-to-understand-predictors-of-multi-host-responses-to-an-emerging-pathogen-the-amphibian-chytrid-fungus
#12
Stephanie S Gervasi, Patrick R Stephens, Jessica Hua, Catherine L Searle, Gisselle Yang Xie, Jenny Urbina, Deanna H Olson, Betsy A Bancroft, Virginia Weis, John I Hammond, Rick A Relyea, Andrew R Blaustein
Variation in host responses to pathogens can have cascading effects on populations and communities when some individuals or groups of individuals display disproportionate vulnerability to infection or differ in their competence to transmit infection. The fungal pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) has been detected in almost 700 different amphibian species and is implicated in numerous global amphibian population declines. Identifying key hosts in the amphibian-Bd system-those who are at greatest risk or who pose the greatest risk for others-is challenging due in part to many extrinsic environmental factors driving spatiotemporal Bd distribution and context-dependent host responses to Bd in the wild...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072492/identification-and-characterization-of-novel-host-defense-peptides-from-the-skin-secretion-of-the-fungoid-frog-hydrophylax-bahuvistara-anura-ranidae
#13
T V Vineeth Kumar, R Asha, G Shyla, Sanil George
Two novel peptides (brevinin1 HYba1 and brevinin1 HYba2) were identified from the skin secretion of the frog Hydrophylax bahuvistara, endemic to Western Ghats, India, and their amino acid sequences were confirmed using cDNA cloning and LC/MS/MS. Antibacterial, hemolytic and cytotoxic activities of brevinin1 peptides and their synthetic analogs (amidated C-terminus) were investigated and compared. All the peptides except the acidic forms showed antibacterial activity against all tested Gram -positive and negative bacteria...
January 10, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787210/the-prevalence-of-helminth-parasites-in-pelophylax-nigromaculatus-anura-ranidae-from-shanghai-china
#14
Qifei Men, Hongyu Han, Qiping Zhao, Weili Xia, Hui Dong, Shunhai Zhu, Ziwen Wang, Cong Li, Xuelong Zhu, Bing Huang
Parasites are ubiquitous members of biotic communities. To investigate the infective status of helminth parasites in Pelophylax nigromaculatus from Shanghai, 90 frogs were collected from July 2013 to July 2014 and examined for the presence of internal parasites. Of these, 86.67% (78/90) of frogs were infected with parasites, the total helminth intensity within infected frogs ranged from 1 to 367, and the mean intensity was 28.49. The infection rates and intensities were 78.89% and 22.89 for trematodes, 50.00% and 5...
December 1, 2016: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757539/morphological-and-ultrastructural-characteristics-of-myxobolus-ridibundae-n-sp-myxosporea-bivalvulida-infecting-the-testicular-tissue-of-the-marsh-frog-rana-ridibunda-amphibia-ranidae-in-egypt
#15
Fathy Abdel-Ghaffar, Rewaida Abdel-Gaber, Sherein Maher, Nashwa El Deeb, Reem Kamel, Saleh Al Quraishy, Heinz Mehlhorn
Myxozoans are one of the most economically important groups of protozoan parasites causing many serious diseases of their hosts. In the present study, a total of 60 live adult male specimens of the marsh frog Rana ridibunda have been randomly captured during the period of January-December 2015 in different areas at Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate, Egypt and were examined for infection by myxosporidian parasites. A total of 48 (80.0 %) out of 60 frog specimens were found to be infected with Myxobolus species. Parasitic infection was restricted to the testicular tissue of the examined frogs...
January 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706640/characterization-and-evolution-of-the-mitochondrial-dna-control-region-in-ranidae-and-their-phylogenetic-relationship
#16
Z H Huang, F Y Tu
The control region is considered to be one of the most variable parts of animal mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). We compared the mtDNA control region from 37 species representing 14 genera and 4 subfamilies of Ranidae, to analyze the evolution of the control region and to determine their phylogenetic relationship. All the Ranidae species had a single control region, except four species that had two repeat regions. The control region spanned the region between the Cyt b and tRNAleu genes in most of the Ranidae species...
August 29, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706580/mitogenome-of-fejervarya-multistriata-a-novel-gene-arrangement-and-its-evolutionary-implications
#17
Z H Huang, F Y Tu
In this study, we determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial (mt) DNA of the paddy frog Fejervarya multistriata. mtDNA is 17,750-bp long and contains 13 protein-coding regions, 2 ribosomal RNA, non-coding genes, and 23 tRNA because of the presence of an extra copy of tRNA-Met. The gene arrangements among two related species of Fejervarya were compared, and the combined mtDNA data were subjected to a phylogenetic analysis. Interestingly, we observed a unique translocation of the tRNA-Leu gene, similar to that reported in previous studies on two Fejervarya species...
August 19, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701244/a-new-species-of-foleyellides-nematoda-onchocercidae-parasite-of-lithobates-spp-amphibia-ranidae-from-mexico-with-a-key-for-the-species-of-the-genus
#18
Angeles R Romero-Mayén, Virginia León-Règagnon
Thirty-six Foleyellides mayenae n. sp. were recovered from the body cavity of Lithobates psilonota (Webb, 2001) and L. pustulosus (Boulenger, 1883) (Ranidae) from Jalisco and Nayarit, respectively. Foleyellides mayenae is the eleventh species described for the genus and the third for Mexican amphibians; it differs from the other species of the genus by the following combined characters: five pairs of caudal papillae, 1 pre-anal, 1 adanal and 3 post-cloacal, and the absence of a preanal plaque.
September 26, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701240/a-new-species-of-amolops-anura-ranidae-from-southern-china
#19
Yik-Hei Sung, Ping Hu, Jian Wang, Hai-Jun Liu, Ying-Yong Wang
A new species, Amolops albispinus sp. nov. is described based on a series of specimens collected from Mt. Wutong, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China. The new species can be distinguished from other known congeners by molecular divergence in the mitochondrial COI and 16S rRNA gene and morphological characters including presence of white conical spines on the lips, loreal and temporal regions, excluding the tympanum; small body, SVL 36.7-42.4 mm in adult males and 43.1-51.9 mm in adult females; very rough dorsal skin of body with numerous raised large warts; olive-brown dorsum with dark brown blotches; strongly developed vomerine teeth; absence of vocal sacs; absence of tarsal glands; absence of dorsolateral folds; presence of circummarginals groove on the disk of first finger; and absence of outer metatarsal tubercles...
September 26, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577689/pelvic-function-in-anuran-jumping-interspecific-differences-in-the-kinematics-and-motor-control-of-the-iliosacral-articulation-during-take-off-and-landing
#20
Steve M Reilly, Stephane J Montuelle, Andre Schmidt, Cornelia Krause, Emily Naylor, Michael E Jorgensen, Richard L Essner
Although the anuran pelvis is thought to be adapted for jumping, the function of the iliosacral joint has seen little direct study. Previous work has contrasted the basal "lateral-bender" pelvis from the "rod-like" pelvis of crown taxa hypothesized to function as a sagittal hinge to align the trunk with take-off forces. We compared iliosacral movements and pelvic motor patterns during jumping in the two pelvic types. Pelvic muscle activity patterns, iliosacral anteroposterior (AP) movements and sagittal bending of the pelvis during the take-off and landing phases were quantified in lateral bender taxa Ascaphus (Leiopelmatidae) and Rhinella (Bufonidae) and the rod-like Lithobates (Ranidae)...
December 2016: Journal of Morphology
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