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Matrix metalloproteinases photoaging

Tiejun Chen, Hu Hou, Yan Fan, Shikai Wang, Qianru Chen, Leilei Si, Bafang Li
Chronic exposure to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation causes skin photoaging. This study was undertaken to identify the anti-photoaging mechanisms of gelatin hydrolysate (CH) derived from pacific cod skin. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and ELISA assays were used to investigate the effects of CH on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the signaling pathways after UV irradiation by using a mice skin photoaging model. The average molecular weight of CH was 1200Da, and 273/1000 residues were hydrophobic, Gly-Pro and Gly-Leu sequences and Arg at C-terminus appeared frequently in CH...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Zhengwang Sun, Sang Yong Park, Eunson Hwang, Bom Park, Seul A Seo, Jin-Gyeong Cho, Mengyang Zhang, Tae-Hoo Yi
BACKGROUND: Foeniculum vulgare Mill (FV) has long been prescribed in traditional medicine due to its antioxidant anti-inflammatory properties. However, little research has been done on the use of FV to alleviate changes in UVB-induced photoaging PURPOSE: This study was to investigate the photoprotective effects and mechanism of FV in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: The anti-photoaging effect of FV was assessed in normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs) in vitro. The secretion of reactive oxygen species (ROS), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), GSH, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), procollagen type I, IL-6 and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) were measured by kits...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Ruiqing Yao, Miyuki Tanaka, Eriko Misawa, Marie Saito, Kazumi Nabeshima, Koji Yamauchi, Fumiaki Abe, Yuki Yamamoto, Fukumi Furukawa
Estrogen deficiencies associated with menopause accelerate spontaneous skin aging and stimulate the ultraviolet (UV) irradiation-induced photoaging of skin. However, food compositions with the potential to ameliorate the UV irradiation-induced acceleration of skin aging with menopause have not yet been investigated in detail. In the present study, we examined the ability of plant sterols derived from Aloe vera gel to prevent the UV irradiation-induced acceleration of skin aging in ovariectomized mice. Skin transepidermal water loss (TEWL) was significantly higher in the ovariectomy group than in the sham operation group following UVB irradiation, whereas skin elasticity was significantly lower...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Food Science
Zhengwang Sun, Sang Yong Park, Eunson Hwang, Mengyang Zhang, Seul A Seo, Pei Lin, Tae-Hoo Yi
Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation-induced reactive oxidative species is mainly responsible for the development of photoageing. Rosmarinic acid was one of the main bioactive components detected in Thymus vulgaris (TV) we extracted. In this study, UVB-induced skin damages have been shown to be ameliorated by treatment with TV in hairless mice (HR-1) skin, demonstrated by decreased matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and increased collagen production. However, the underlying molecular mechanism on which TV acted was unclear...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Mi Hee Shin, Se-Rah Lee, Min-Kyoung Kim, Chang-Yup Shin, Dong Hun Lee, Jin Ho Chung
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) is a nuclear hormone receptor involved in the transcriptional regulation of lipid metabolism, fatty acid oxidation, and glucose homeostasis. Its activation stimulates antioxidant enzymes such as catalase, whose expression is decreased in aged human skin. Here we investigated the expression of PPARα in aged and ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated skin, and whether PPARα activation can modulate expressions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and procollagen through catalase regulation...
2016: PloS One
Hyun-Chul Park, Taek Kyu Jung, Mi Jin Kim, Kyung-Sup Yoon
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cornus walteri Wangerin has been used in oriental traditional medicine for the treatment of antidiarrheal and inflammation. AIM OF THE STUDY: The efficacy of Cornus walteri Wangerin on skin anti-photoaging was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hydrolyzed Cornus walteri Wangerin leaf was tested for the anti-photoaging effects against ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, pro-inflammatory cytokines using human reconstituted skin (KeraSkin(TM)-FT) and also tested for elastase activity in vitro...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Hana Jung, Eunjoo H Lee, Tae Hoon Lee, Man-Ho Cho
Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a main extrinsic factor for skin aging. Chronic exposure of the skin to UV radiation causes the induction of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), such as MMP-1, and consequently results in alterations of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and skin photoaging. Flavonoids are considered as potent anti-photoaging agents due to their UV-absorbing and antioxidant properties and inhibitory activity against UV-mediated MMP induction. To identify anti-photoaging agents, in the present study we examined the preventative effect of methoxyflavonoids, such as sakuranetin, isosakuranetin, homoeriodictyol, genkwanin, chrysoeriol and syringetin, on UV-B-induced skin photo-damage...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jae Hyoung Song, Mei Jing Piao, Xia Han, Kyoung Ah Kang, Hee Kyoung Kang, Weon Jong Yoon, Mi Hee Ko, Nam Ho Lee, Mi Young Lee, Sungwook Chae, Jin Won Hyun
The present study investigated the photoprotective properties of the ethyl acetate fraction of Sargassum muticum (SME) against ultraviolet B (UVB)‑induced skin damage and photoaging in a mouse model. HR‑1 strain hairless male mice were divided into three groups: An untreated control group, a UVB‑irradiated vehicle group and a UVB‑irradiated SME group. The UVB‑irradiated mice in the SME group were orally administered with SME (100 mg/kg body weight in 0.1 ml water per day) and then exposed to radiation at a dose of 60‑120 mJ/cm2...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Marilena Tauro, Antonio Laghezza, Fulvio Loiodice, Luca Piemontese, Alessia Caradonna, Davide Capelli, Roberta Montanari, Giorgio Pochetti, Antonella Di Pizio, Mariangela Agamennone, Cristina Campestre, Paolo Tortorella
New catechol-containing chemical entities have been investigated as matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors as well as antioxidant molecules. The combination of the two properties could represent a useful feature due to the potential application in all the pathological processes characterized by increased proteolytic activity and radical oxygen species (ROS) production, such as inflammation and photoaging. A series of catechol-based molecules were synthesized and tested for both proteolytic and oxidative inhibitory activity, and the detailed binding mode was assessed by crystal structure determination of the complex between a catechol derivative and the matrix metalloproteinase-8...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Norihiro Yoshizaki, Takahiro Fujii, Ron Hashizume, Hitoshi Masaki
Ultraviolet (UV) B is the main cause of skin photoageing, which has characteristic features such as deep wrinkles. UVB increases the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the skin and can cause wrinkles by disrupting components of the extracellular matrix, such as collagen fibres. We now report that a polymethoxyflavone (PMF) mixture, extracted from orange peels, suppresses the UVB-induced expression of MMP-1 that involves the inhibition of c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activity. Furthermore, the PMF mixture also inhibits the UVB-induced phosphorylation of JNK...
August 2016: Experimental Dermatology
Satoshi Amano
Sun-exposed skin is characterized by superficial changes such as wrinkles, sagging and pigmentary changes, and also many internal changes in the structure and function of epidermis, basement membrane (BM) and dermis. These changes (so-called photoageing) are predominantly induced by the ultraviolet (UV) component of sunlight. Epidermis of UV-irradiated skin produced several enzymes such as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), urinary plasminogen activator (uPA)/plasmin and heparanase, which degrade dermal collagen fibres and elastic fibres in the dermis, and components of epidermal BM...
August 2016: Experimental Dermatology
Jing Lu, Jia-Hui Guo, Xue-Liang Tu, Chao Zhang, Mei Zhao, Quan-Wu Zhang, Feng-Hou Gao
Recent research found that Tiron was an effective antioxidant that could act as the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger or alleviate the acute toxic metal overload in vivo. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of Tiron on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-3 expression in human dermal fibroblast cells. Western blot and ELISA analysis revealed that Tiron inhibited ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced protein expression of MMP-1 and MMP-3. Real-time quantitative PCR confirmed that Tiron could inhibit UVB-induced mRNA expression of MMP-1 and MMP-3...
2016: PloS One
Ha Neui Kim, Chan Hee Gil, Yu Ri Kim, Hwa Kyoung Shin, Byung Tae Choi
We investigated whether cilostazol, an activator of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent intracellular signaling, could inhibit ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation-induced photoaging in HR-1 hairless mice. Cilostazol decreased wrinkle formation and skin thickness in UVB-irradiated mice, as well as increased staining of collagen fibers and inhibition of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in the skin. Moreover, the proteolytic activities of gelatinase matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and collagenase MMP-3 were significantly decreased in UVB-irradiated mice treated with cilostazol...
2016: Scientific Reports
A-Rang Im, Sung Hum Yeon, Jung Seung Lee, Key An Um, Young-Joon Ahn, Sungwook Chae
BACKGROUND: The fermented leaves and stems of Cyclopia intermedia are used to brew honeybush tea, a herbal tea indigenous to South Africa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of fermented honeybush extracts (FH ex) and scale-up fermented honeybush extracts (SFH ex) against ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced damage in HaCaT keratinocytes. To this end, we examined UVB-induced cell viability, antioxidant enzymes, and inflammatory mediators in HaCaT cells. METHODS: UVB significantly decreased HaCaT cell viability, whereas FH ex and SFH ex did not exhibit cytotoxic effects and increased the viability of the HaCaT cells...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Ji-Eun Park, Kyung-Eun Lee, Eunsun Jung, Seunghyun Kang, Youn Joon Kim
BACKGROUND: Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation triggers skin photoaging processes, which disrupt the normal three-dimensional integrity of skin. UV-induced oxidative stress, both directly and indirectly, stimulates complex signaling pathways. UV radiation activates skin cell surface receptors on a molecular level and triggers severe changes in extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, resulting in skin photoaging. AIMS: Sclareol isolated from Salvia officinalis is widely used as a fragrance material...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
A-Rang Im, Hui Seong Kim, Jin Won Hyun, Sungwook Chae
It is widely accepted that ultraviolet (UV) irradiation induces skin damage. In the present study, a UVB-induced hairless mouse model of skin photoaging was developed to determine whether tyndalized Lactobacillus acidophilus was able to significantly enhance the repair of photodamaged skin. To evaluate the effects of tyndalized L. acidophilus on UVB-induced skin-wrinkle formation in vivo, HR-1 hairless male mice were exposed to UVB radiation and orally administered tyndalized L. acidophilus. Compared with the control group, the UVB irradiation mice displayed a significant increase in transepidermal water loss and a reduction in skin hydration...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Chien-Liang Fang, Ling-Hung Huang, Hung-Yueh Tsai, Hsin-I Chang
Adiponectin is one of the most abundant adipokines from the subcutaneous fat, and regulates multiple activities through endocrine, paracrine, or autocrine mechanisms. However, its expression in adipogenic induced fibroblasts, and the potential role in photoaging has not been determined. Here, human dermal fibroblasts, Hs68, were presented as a cell model of dermal lipogenesis through stimulation of adipogenic differentiation medium (ADM). Similar to other studies in murine pre-adipocyte models (i.e., 3T3-L1), Hs68 fibroblasts showed a tendency to lipogenesis based on lipid accumulation, triglyceride formation, and the expressions of PPAR-γ, lipoprotein lipase (LPL), and FABP4 mRNA...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Dong Hun Lee, Jang-Hee Oh, Jin Ho Chung
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and proteoglycans (PGs) are abundant structural components of the extracellular matrix in addition to collagen fibers. Hyaluronic acid (HA), one of GAGs, forms proteoglycan aggregates, which are large complexes of HA and HA-binding PGs. Their crosslinking to other matrix proteins such as the collagen network results in the formation of supermolecular structures and functions to increase tissue stiffness. Skin aging can be classified as intrinsic aging and photoaging based on the phenotypes and putative mechanism...
September 2016: Journal of Dermatological Science
Hyun Ji Lee, Eunson Hwang, Bom Park, Mengyang Zhang, Zheng-Wang Sun, Do-Gyeong Lee, Sang-Yong Park, Tae Hoo Yi
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation leads to photo-damage of the skin, which in turn induces expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and reduces type I procollagen. Bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) has been widely used as a traditional medicine. In this study, we tested the photo-protective effects of methanol extracts of bitter melon pulp (BM) and the mechanism of these effects in normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs). The effects of BM were investigated by measuring the levels of MMP-1, -3 and -9, and type I procollagen following UVB irradiation...
September 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Miaomiao Guo, Yue Lu, Junpeng Yang, Xin Zhao, Yanhua Lu
CONTEXT: Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. (Schisandraceae) fruit extract (SFE) has been reported to induce non-specific tissue protection against inflammation in vivo. However, the effects of SFE on Propionibacterium acnes-stimulated acne and UVB-irradiated photoageing have yet to be investigated. OBJECTIVE: To systematically investigate the effects of SFE against P. acnes and photoageing in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative analyses of SFE were performed by HPLC...
June 22, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
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