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Hang Ren, Cameron G Cheyne, Aaron M Fleming, Cynthia J Burrows, Henry S White
Measurement of single-molecule reactions can elucidate microscopic mechanisms that are often hidden from ensemble analysis. Herein, we report the acid-base titration of a single DNA duplex confined within the wild-type α-hemolysin (α-HL) nanopore for up to 3 h, while monitoring the ionic current through the nanopore. Modulation between two states in the current-time trace for duplexes containing the C:C mismatch in proximity to the latch constriction of α-HL is attributed to the base flipping of the C:C mismatch...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Z B Khalilov, A Yu Kalinichenko, R Kh Azimov, M A Chinikov, I S Panteleeva, F S Kurbanov
AIM: To evaluate the role of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer in advanced age patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 290 patients with colorectal cancer were enrolled including 121 patients with rectal cancer and 169 patients with colon cancer. Main group consisted of 171 patients over 60 years old, control group - 119 patients younger 60 years old. RESULTS: Radical advanced procedures on different parts of colon including laparoscopic approach were performed in the majority of advanced age patients...
2018: Khirurgiia
Neyla Ben Gdara, Amel Belgacem, Ikram Khemiri, Safa Mannai, Lotfi Bitri
In this study, phycocyanin (Pc) extracted from Spirulina platensis was used to evaluate its antioxidants effects after ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) using the ex-vivo model of isolated perfused rat liver. The rats were divided into eight groups : Control group, where livers were directly perfused after their removal; Cold Ischemia group (CI), livers were treated in the same way as the control group, except that after their collection, they were stored for 12 h and 24 h in the Krebs Henseleit (KH) preservation solution at 4 °C and Treated group (PHY), livers were preserved in the same way as the preceding group except that the KH solution was enriched with phycocyanin at two different concentrations...
March 17, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Konrad Sachse, Kh Shamsur Rahman, Christiane Schnee, Elke Müller, Madlen Peisker, Thomas Schumacher, Evelyn Schubert, Anke Ruettger, Bernhard Kaltenboeck, Ralf Ehricht
Serological analysis of Chlamydia (C.) spp. infections is still mainly based on micro-immunofluorescence and ELISA. To overcome the limitations of conventional serology, we have designed a novel microarray carrying 52 synthetic peptides representing B-cell epitopes from immunodominant proteins of all 11 chlamydial species. The new assay has been validated using monospecific mouse hyperimmune sera. Subsequently, serum samples from cattle, sheep and humans with a known history of chlamydial infection were examined...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Nicholas R Andreychuk, Tara Dickie, David J H Emslie, Hilary A Jenkins
Palladium-catalyzed coupling of 1-adamantylamine (2 equiv.) with 4,5-dibromo-2,7-di-tert-butyl-9,9-dimethylxanthene afforded the proligand 4,5-bis(1-adamantylamino)-2,7-di-tert-butyl-9,9-dimethylxanthene, H2 [XAd] (1), which upon deprotonation with excess KH or KCH2 Ph in THF or dme generated [{K(THF)3 }2 (XAd)] (2a) and [K2 (XAd)(dme)] (2b). Subsequent reaction of in situ generated 2a or 2b with [ThCl4 (dme)2 ] yielded [(XAd)ThCl4 K2 ]·x(dme) (3; x = 0.5-2), which reacted with 2 equiv. of LiCH2 SiMe3 or K[allylTMS ] to afford the bis(hydrocarbyl) complexes [(XAd)Th(CH2 SiMe3 )2 (THF)] (4) and [(XAd)Th(η3 -allylTMS )2 ] {5; allylTMS = 1-(SiMe3 )C3 H4 }...
March 15, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yuji Hayashino, Masatake Sugita, Hidetoshi Arima, Tetsumi Irie, Takeshi Kikuchi, Fumio Hirata
It has been found that a cyclodextrin derivative, 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD), has reasonable therapeutic effect on Niemann-Pick disease type C which is caused by abnormal accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and glycolipids in the lysosomes and shortage of esterified cholesterol in other cellular compartments. We study the binding affinity and mode of HPβCD with cholesterol in order to elucidate the possible mechanism of HPβCD for removing cholesterol from the lysosomes. The dominant binding mode of HPβCD with cholesterol is found based on the Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation and a statistical mechanics theory of liquids, or the 3D reference interaction site model theory with Kovalenko-Hirata closure relation (3D-RISM-KH)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Dionysios V Chartoumpekis, Yoko Yagishita, Marco Fazzari, Dushani L Palliyaguru, Uma Nm Rao, Apostolos Zaravinos, Nicholas Kh Khoo, Francisco J Schopfer, Kurt R Weiss, George K Michalopoulos, Ian Sipula, Robert M O'Doherty, Thomas W Kensler, Nobunao Wakabayashi
Insulin resistance is associated with increased incidence and enhanced progression of cancers. However, little is known about strategies that can effectively ameliorate insulin resistance and consequently halt cancer progression. Herein, we propose that the transcription factor Nrf2 (also known as Nfe2l2) may be such a target, given its central role in disease prevention. To this end, we developed a mouse that overexpresses the Notch intracellular domain in adipocytes (AdNICD), leading to lipodystrophy-induced severe insulin resistance and subsequent development of sarcomas, as a model reflecting that Notch signaling is deregulated in cancers and shows positive associations with insulin resistance and fatty liver disease in humans...
March 8, 2018: JCI Insight
K R Amlaiev, M G Gevandova, Kh T Dakhkilgova
The article presents analysis of social economic health determinants of parents of children with oncologic diseases. The evaluation of their satisfaction with accessibility of qualitative medical care was carried out. The questionnaire covered issues concerning medical social aspects of health and satisfaction with quality of medical care. the sampling included 284 parents of children with oncologic diseases receiving treatment in the profile departments of Krasnodar, Stavropol, Volgograd, Makhachkala, Grozny, Cherkessk, Nalchik and Astrakhan in August-September 2015...
July 2017: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
David A Osborn, Tim Schindler, Lisa J Jones, John Kh Sinn, Srinivas Bolisetty
BACKGROUND: Sick newborn and preterm infants frequently are not able to be fed enterally, necessitating parenteral fluid and nutrition. Potential benefits of higher parenteral amino acid (AA) intake for improved nitrogen balance, growth, and infant health may be outweighed by the infant's ability to utilise high intake of parenteral AA, especially in the days after birth. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective is to determine whether higher versus lower intake of parenteral AA is associated with improved growth and disability-free survival in newborn infants receiving parenteral nutrition...
March 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Andrey V Marakhonov, Fedor A Konovalov, Amin Kh Makaov, Tatyana A Vasilyeva, Vitaly V Kadyshev, Varvara A Galkina, Elena L Dadali, Sergey I Kutsev, Rena A Zinchenko
BACKGROUND: Primary microcephaly represents an example of clinically and genetically heterogeneous condition. Here we describe a case of primary microcephaly from the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, which was initially diagnosed with Seckel syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: Clinical exome sequencing of the proband revealed a novel homozygous single nucleotide deletion in ASPM gene, c.1386delC, resulting in preterm termination codon. Population screening reveals allele frequency to be less than 0...
February 13, 2018: BMC Medical Genomics
Prashant Patil, Dinesh Giri, Mohammed Didi, Senthil Senniappan
Congenital Hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a major cause of neonatal hypoglycemia characterised by non-ketotic hypoglycemia. We describe the occurrence and higher prevalence of ketotic hypoglycemia (KH) in 5 children with transient CHI. Four children had required diazoxide to control the persistent hypoglycemia that was discontinued at a mean age of 11.25 (+5.25) months. KH developed after an average time period of 6.7 months following the resolution of CHI. Children with transient CHI may be at risk of subsequently developing KH at a variable age period...
February 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
Alexey V Bogdanov, Andrey Kh Vorobiev
The evolution of domain structure of two azobenzene-containing materials during irradiation with polarized light was monitored using polarized optical microscopy with additional λ-waveplate for discerning the domains oriented parallel and perpendicular to irradiating light polarization. It is shown that the process of photo-orientation consists in growth of perpendicularly oriented domains and diminishing of parallel domains via the movement of domain boundaries. These data confirm the mechanism of photo-orientation via domain structure rearrangement...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Pengyu Cheng, Hongjuan Li, Linlin Yuan, Huiyong Li, Lele Xi, Junjie Zhang, Jin Liu, Yingdian Wang, Heping Zhao, Huixin Zhao, Shengcheng Han
The ERA ( E. coli RAS-like protein)-related GTPase (ERG) is a nuclear-encoded GTPase with two conserved domains: a GTPase domain and a K Homology (KH) domain. ERG plays a vital role in early seed development in Antirrhinum majus . However, the mechanism that regulates seed development remains unclear. Blasting the genome sequence revealed two homologies of ERG, AtERG1, and AtERG2 in Arabidopsis . In this study, we found that AtERG2 is localized in the mitochondria and binds mitochondrial 18S RNA. Promoter and transcript analyses indicated that AtERG2 was mainly expressed in the leaf vein, trichome, and ovule...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Sabine Kienesberger, Guillermo I Perez-Perez, Asalia Z Olivares, Pradip Bardhan, Shafiqul A Sarker, Kh Zahid Hasan, R Bradley Sack, Martin J Blaser
Helicobacter pylori colonization is prevalent throughout the world, and is predominantly acquired during childhood. In developing countries, >70% of adult populations are colonized with H. pylori and >50% of children become colonized before the age of 10 years. However, the exact timing of acquisition is unknown. We assessed detection of H. pylori acquisition among a birth cohort of 105 children in Mirzapur, Bangladesh. Blood samples collected at time 0 (cord blood), and at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months of life were examined for the presence of IgG and IgA antibodies to whole cell H...
March 1, 2018: Gut Microbes
Joel A Rankin, Robert C Mauban, Matthias Fellner, Benoît Desguin, John McCracken, Jian Hu, Sergey A Varganov, Robert P Hausinger
Lactate racemase (LarA) of Lactobacillus plantarum contains a novel organometallic cofactor with nickel coordinated to a covalently-tethered pincer ligand, pyridinium-3-thioamide-5-thiocarboxylic acid mononucleotide, but its function in the enzyme mechanism has not been elucidated. This study presents direct evidence that the nickel-pincer cofactor facilitates a proton-coupled hydride transfer (PCHT) mechanism during LarA-catalyzed lactate racemization. No signal was detected by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy for LarA in the absence or presence of substrate, consistent with a +2 metal oxidation state and inconsistent with a previously proposed proton-coupled electron transfer mechanism...
February 28, 2018: Biochemistry
Dionysios V Chartoumpekis, Dushani L Palliyaguru, Nobunao Wakabayashi, Marco Fazzari, Nicholas Kh Khoo, Francisco J Schopfer, Ian Sipula, Yoko Yagishita, George K Michalopoulos, Robert M O'Doherty, Thomas W Kensler
Nrf2 is a canonical regulator of cytoprotective gene expression but evidence of its crosstalk with other pathways, including metabolic ones, is ever increasing. Pharmacologic or systemic genetic activation of the Nrf2 pathway partially protects from obesity in mice and ameliorates fasting hyperglycemia in mice and humans. However, systemic Nrf2 deletion also protected from diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance in mice. To further investigate the effect of the disruption of Nrf2 on obesity in a tissue-specific manner, we focused on adipocytes and hepatocytes with targeted deletion of Nrf2...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Clara Sm Tang, Xuehan Zhuang, Wai-Yee Lam, Elly Sau-Wai Ngan, Jacob Shujui Hsu, Y U Michelle, S O Man-Ting, Stacey S Cherny, Ngoc Diem Ngo, Pak C Sham, Paul Kh Tam, Maria-Mercè Garcia-Barcelo
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a complex birth defect characterized by the lack of ganglion cells along a variable length of the distal intestine. A large proportion of HSCR patients remain genetically unexplained. We applied whole-genome sequencing (WGS) on 9 trios where the probands are sporadically affected with the most severe form of the disorder and harbor no coding sequence variants affecting the function of known HSCR genes. We found de novo protein-altering variants in three intolerant to change genes-CCT2, VASH1, and CYP26A1-for which a plausible link with the enteric nervous system (ENS) exists...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Mostafa Farajpour Kh, Mohadeseh PishgahRoodsari, Hamid Salehiniya, Fahimeh Soheilipour
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and quality of life in primary school students in Tehran. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study 829 primary school children and their parents participated. Healthrelated quality of life (HROOL) was evaluated with the Persian version of Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™ 4.0) questionnaire. According to objective measures of height and weight, children BMI computed, and adapted for age and gender...
March 2018: BioMedicine
Fagr Kh Abdel-Gawad, Osama Osman, Samah M Bassem, Hossam F Nassar, Tarek A Temraz, Hanan Elhaes, Medhat Ibrahim
Dioxins have global concerns because of the bioaccumulation tendency and persistency in the environment. Water, seabream Pagrus auratus and seabass Dicentrarchus labrax samples were collected from Abu Qir, Alexandria to evaluate the concentration of dioxin. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR) and molecular modeling was applied for elucidating the molecular structure of fish samples. Furthermore, HPLC with UV detection was used to determine the concentration of dioxins (2,8-dichloro dibenzo-p-dioxin)...
February 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
R G Esin, I Kh Khairullin, O R Esin
The review presents current concepts about the problem of cerebral insulin resistance (IR). It has now been established that cerebral IR plays a key role in the pathogenesis of degenerative and metabolic diseases of the brain. Based on literature data and own clinical experience, the authors recommend to use the standardized extract of ginkgo biloba EGb761 as a cellular protector, which increases insulin sensitivity of cells and reduces atherogenesis, in order to improve cognitive functions and quality of life in patients with diabetes mellitus...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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