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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631906/-technical-features-of-intestinal-ureteroplasty-part-7-forming-ureterointestinal-anastomoses
#1
B K Komyakov, V A Ochelenko, M V Onoshko, T Kh Al-Attar, A Kh Gaziev
AIM: To present the results and technical features of forming the ureterointestinal anastomoses in intestinal ureteral substitution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 1998 to December 2016, 168 patients (mean age 51 +/- 8.7 years) underwent ureteral substitution using intestinal segments at the Urology Clinic of the I.I. Mechnikov NWSMU. Of them, 76 (45.2%) were males. In 119 (70.8%) patients, intestinal segments were used to replace various parts of the ureters (iliac in 92, colonic in 4, appendix in 23), and in 49 (29...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631900/-experimental-development-and-rationale-for-a-renal-decellularization-protocol-with-subsequent-comprehensive-assessment-of-the-biological-scaffold
#2
P V Glybochko, S N Alekseenko, E A Gubareva, E V Kuevda, A A Basov, A S Sotnichenko, S S Dzhimak, I S Gumenyuk, I Kh Egiev, V N Chechelyan, R Z Nakokhov, O M Lyasota, Yu V Teterin
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is one of the most challenging problems of contemporary medicine. Patients with chronic renal failure usually need renal replacement therapy as either hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis or a kidney transplant. The latter is the most promising option for end-stage kidney disease. However, the shortage of donor organs, the complexity of their delivery, the difficulty in finding an immunologically compatible donor and the need for lifelong immunosuppression triggered advances in modern tissue engineering...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631710/-diagnostic-problems-of-histological-remission-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
A S Tertychnyi, Kh M Akhrieva, I V Maev, O V Zayratyants, L S Selivanova
AIM: to analyze the generally accepted histological criteria for diagnosing the activity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in patients with therapy-induced endoscopic remission. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Colon biopsy specimens from 57 patients aged from 19 to 52 years (mean age 31±2.5 years), including 41 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 16 with Crohn's disease (CD) affecting the colon, were examined. All the patients had no clinical signs of disease activity; endoscopic examination diagnosed remission (none or minimal changes)...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631687/-acquired-atresia-and-stenosis-of-the-external-acoustic-meatus
#4
D S Kondratchikov, Kh M Diab, V S Korvyakov, L I Terekhina
Acquired atresia of the external acoustic meatus is a rare pathological condition characterized by obliteration of the medial part of the external acoustic canal by a soft fibrous plug. The present article presents an overview of a series of cases of acquired atresia and stenosis of the external acoustic meatus with the description of etiology, pathogenesis, and methods for the treatment of this condition. In the majority of the cases, atresia develops at the final stage of granulation external otitis with or without an accompanying dermatological pathology...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627715/transition-and-alkali-metal-complex-ternary-amides-for-ammonia-synthesis-and-decomposition
#5
Hujun Cao, Jianping Guo, Fei Chang, Claudio Pistidda, Wei Zhou, Xilun Zhang, Antonio Santoru, Hui Wu, Norbert Schnell, Rainer Niewa, Ping Chen, Thomas Klassen, Martin Dornheim
A new complex ternary amide Rb2[Mn(NH2)4], which contains both transition and alkali metal catalytic sites, is synthesized by mechanochemical reaction. It exhibits two temperature-dependent polymorphs i.e. low-temperature orthorhombic and high-temperature monoclinic structures. Rb2[Mn(NH2)4] decomposes to N2, H2, NH3, Mn3N2, and RbNH2 under inert atmosphere; whereas releases NH3 at 80 °C under H2 atmosphere. Those unique behaviors enable Rb2[Mn(NH2)4] and K2[Mn(NH2)4] as excellent materials for NH3 decomposition and synthesis...
June 19, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618119/kh-type-splicing-regulatory-protein-mediate-inflammatory-response-in-gastric-epithelial-cells-induced-by-lipopolysaccharide
#6
Chong Chen, Mei Cao, Daoyan Wu, Ningzhe Li, Jingshan Peng, Liju Song, Panpan Qi, Mao Zhang, Jian Zhao
To study differential expressions of KH-type splicing regulatory protein (KSRP) and inflammatory factors and to explore the relationship between them in Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced gastric epithelial cells (GES-1), cells were exposed to LPS for 24 h in the presence or absence of SC-514. Western blot and real-time PCR (RT-PCR) were used to analysis the contents of KSRP, inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). The results showed that LPS decreased the expression of KSRP protein in GES-1 cells, but not KSRP mRNA, while increasing the levels of iNOS and COX-2 proteins and mRNAs in GES-1cells...
June 15, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617375/-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#7
R G Esin, I Kh Khairullin, E R Mukhametova, O R Esin
AIM: To study persistent postural perceptual dizziness (PPPD) in outpatients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and patients with presbiataxia (PAt). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-four patients with PPPD, including 14 with Meniere's disease (MD), 19 with BPPV, 17 with a history of ischemic stroke (IS) in the vertebrobasilar system and 34 with Pat, were examined. For the diagnosis of anxiety, the original 15-point questionnaire with the Likert Scale structure was used...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612954/effect-of-graded-levels-of-dietary-corn-steep-liquor-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-haematology-and-histopathology-of-broilers
#8
Z Ullah, M Yousaf, M M Shami, M Sharif, Kh Mahrose
This experiment was conducted to assess nutritional potential of corn steep liquor (CSL) as an alternative protein source in broiler's diet. A total of 280-day-old unsexed broiler chicks were randomly distributed into four experimental groups in a simple randomised experimental design (each group had seven replicates; 10 birds per each). Four iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric broiler starter and finisher diets (C, LCSL, MCSL and HCSL) were formulated containing 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% CSL respectively. Results revealed that chicks fed MCSL diet had significantly (p ≤ ...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610544/the-biomechanical-properties-of-human-craniofacial-sutures-and-relevant-variables-in-sutural-distraction-osteogenesis-a-critical-review
#9
Fabio Savoldi, James Kh Tsoi, Corrado Paganelli, Jukka P Matinlinna
Sutures are synarthroses connecting the bones of the head each other through a fibrous sutural ligament. The knowledge of their biomechanical properties is relevant in the application of regenerative techniques for the treatment of craniofacial conditions, such as the sutural distraction osteogenesis (SDO). However, their mechanical characterisation has not received a systematic approach, and both clinical treatments and virtual simulations lack of clear mechanical parameters. Online databases (PubMed©, Cochrane Library©, Google Scholar©), references of full-text articles, and previous reviews of the literature were searched...
June 13, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607547/omeprazole-domperidone-fixed-dose-combination-vs-omeprazole-monotherapy-a-phase-4-open-label-comparative-parallel-randomized-controlled-study-in-mild-to-moderate-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#10
K Y Marakhouski, G A Karaseva, D N Ulasivich, Y Kh Marakhouski
AIM: To compare the efficacy and safety of omeprazole-domperidone combination vs omeprazole monotherapy in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: In a comparative, randomized controlled, phase 4 study, outpatients with GERD were randomly allocated to either group 1 (omeprazole 20 mg + domperidone 30 mg) or group 2 (omeprazole 20 mg) in an equal ratio; 2 capsules daily in the morning were administered for 8 weeks. RESULTS: Sixty patients were enrolled...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584703/patterns-of-bleaching-and-mortality-following-widespread-warming-events-in-2014-and-2015-at-the-hanauma-bay-nature-preserve-hawai-i
#11
Ku'ulei S Rodgers, Keisha D Bahr, Paul L Jokiel, Angela Richards Donà
Drastic increases in global carbon emissions in the past century have led to elevated sea surface temperatures that negatively affect coral reef organisms. Worldwide coral bleaching-related mortality is increasing and data has shown even isolated and protected reefs are vulnerable to the effects of global climate change. In 2014 and 2015, coral reefs in the main Hawaiian Islands (MHI) suffered up to 90% bleaching, with higher than 50% subsequent mortality in some areas. The location and severity of bleaching and mortality was strongly influenced by the spatial and temporal patterns of elevated seawater temperatures...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581441/nk-cell-heparanase-controls-tumor-invasion-and-immune-surveillance
#12
Eva M Putz, Alyce J Mayfosh, Kevin Kos, Deborah S Barkauskas, Kyohei Nakamura, Liam Town, Katharine J Goodall, Dean Y Yee, Ivan Kh Poon, Nikola Baschuk, Fernando Souza-Fonseca-Guimaraes, Mark D Hulett, Mark J Smyth
NK cells are highly efficient at preventing cancer metastasis but are infrequently found in the core of primary tumors. Here, have we demonstrated that freshly isolated mouse and human NK cells express low levels of the endo-β-D-glucuronidase heparanase that increase upon NK cell activation. Heparanase deficiency did not affect development, differentiation, or tissue localization of NK cells under steady-state conditions. However, mice lacking heparanase specifically in NK cells (Hpsefl/fl NKp46-iCre mice) were highly tumor prone when challenged with the carcinogen methylcholanthrene (MCA)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577016/clinical-and-epidemiological-characterization-of-influenza-a-h1n1pdm-and-b-among-hospitalized-children-georgia-season-2010-2011
#13
A Machablishvili, D Tsereteli, Kh Zakhashvili, I Karseladze, P Imnadze
The aim of the study was to describe, analyze and compare clinical and epidemiological characteristics of laboratory confirmed influenza A(H1N1)pdm and B cases in hospitalized children during post pandemic season. Between 1st January and 1st May, 2011 retrospective observational study was conducted in M. Iashvili Children's Central Hospital. From 1028 patients with influenza like illness hospitalized at Children's Hospital 871 specimens were collected and 360 tested positive for influenza: A(H1N1)pdm - 139 and B - 221...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575554/-a-new-stage-of-development-of-gerontology-and-geriatrics-in-russia-problems-of-creation-of-a-geriatric-care-system-part-1-relevance-regulatory-infrastructure
#14
V N Anisimov, V Yu Serpov, A V Finagentov, V Kh Khavinson
This article is a 1st part of the analytical review, focused on a new step in development of geriatrics in Russia. Creation of state system geriatric care as important part of state politics in the area of enhancement of quality of life was proved. General aspects of improvement of social support of disable elderly persons in condition of restricted budget and interagency separation was presented. Establishment of unified system of medical social support and gerotechnologies for the elderly was substantiated, as a mechanism facilitated life activity and decreasing of demographic loading on economic status of regions of Russian Federation...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574387/-clinical-and-epidemiological-peculiarities-of-cystic-echinococcosis-in-children
#15
Kh Melia, N Kokaia, M Manjgaladze, T Kelbakiani-Kvinikhidze, G Sulaberidze
The postoperative period of cystic echinococcosis was studied in 13 children. Demographic, epidemiological, clinical diagnosis, treatment, number location, and development of cysts and serologic data were analyzed. Age of children at diagnosis range 5 to 17 years. All patients with cystic echinococcosis had abdominal cysts. The liver was the main organ involved in ten patients (76,9%) - they had cysts located in the liver, two patients (15,4%) had lung cyst, one patient had concomitant lung and liver cysts...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572521/the-feeding-paradox-in-advanced-dementia-a-local-perspective
#16
J Kh Luk, F Hw Chan, E Hui, C Y Tse
Feeding problems are common in older people with advanced dementia. When eating difficulties arise tube feeding is often initiated, unless there is a valid advance directive that refuses enteral feeding. Tube feeding has many pitfalls and complications. To date, no benefits in terms of survival, nutrition, or prevention of aspiration pneumonia have been demonstrated. Careful hand feeding is an alternative to tube feeding with advanced dementia. In Hong Kong, the Hospital Authority has established clear ethical guidelines for careful hand feeding...
June 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558469/electrocatalytic-water-oxidation-by-a-homogeneous-copper-catalyst-disfavors-single-site-mechanisms
#17
Sara J Koepke, Kenneth M Light, Peter E VanNatta, Keaton M Wiley, Matthew T Kieber-Emmons
Deployment of solar fuels derived from water requires robust oxygen-evolving catalysts made from earth abundant materials. Copper has recently received much attention in this regard. Mechanistic parallels between Cu and single-site Ru/Ir/Mn water oxidation catalysts, including intermediacy of terminal Cu oxo/oxyl species, are prevalent in the literature; however, intermediacy of late transition metal oxo species would be remarkable given the high d-electron count would fill antibonding orbitals, making these species high in energy...
June 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557396/-age-peculiarities-in-prostate-cancer-detection-based-on-the-prostate-specific-antigen-and-its-alterations-control
#18
S V Ponkratov, V Kh Kheyfets, O F Kagan
Data on epidemiology of a prostate cancer are presented in article, high prevalence and body height of a case rate cause relevance of researches on this oncopathology. It is shown that the number augmentation for the first time of the taped cases is bound including to the program of a screening of inspection of men by determination of level of prostates-specific antigen (PSA). Modern diagnostic methods of identification of modifications of PSA, possessing larger sensitivity and specificity concerning a prostate cancer are lit...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557384/-transcription-factor-p53-and-skin-aging
#19
D A Gritsenko, O A Orlova, N S Linkova, V Kh Khavinson
The review is devoted to an actual problem of cosmetics in gerontology, one of molecular aspects of skin aging. Cell renewal processes slow down with aging, and the proliferation apoptosis ratio shifts towards cell death. One of the most pivotal apoptotic markers is the transcription factor p53. p53 protein expression in the skin keratinocytes increases under the influence of ultraviolet radiation. Wherein when exposed to ultraviolet radiation mutant forms of p53 have been revealed in 70 % of keratinocytes...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553151/infant-sleep-and-its-relation-with-cognition-and-growth-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Elaine Kh Tham, Nora Schneider, Birit Fp Broekman
OBJECTIVE: Infant sleep development is a highly dynamic process occurring in parallel to and in interaction with cognitive and physical growth. This narrative review aims to summarize and discuss recent literature and provide an overview of the relation between infant sleep and cognitive development as well as physical growth. METHODS: We conducted online literature search using MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases. We considered original research on humans published in the English language from January 2005 to December 2015...
2017: Nature and Science of Sleep
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