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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733686/comparison-of-the-proportion-and-healthcare-utilisation-of-adult-patients-with-uncontrolled-severe-asthma-versus-non-severe-asthma-seen-in-a-southeast-asian-hospital-based-respiratory-specialist-clinic
#1
Tunn Ren Tay, Hang Siang Wong, Rosna Ihsan, Hsiao Peng Toh, Xuening Choo, Augustine Kh Tee
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the burden of uncontrolled severe asthma is essential for disease-targeted healthcare planning. There is a scarcity of data regarding the proportion, healthcare utilisation and costs of patients with uncontrolled severe asthma in Asia. This study aimed to plug the knowledge gap in this area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with asthma managed in our respiratory specialist clinic were evaluated prospectively. Healthcare utilisation comprising unscheduled asthma-related primary care visits, emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions were obtained from the national health records system...
June 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726666/-pathomorphological-changes-under-latent-mastoiditis
#2
Kh Chitadze, T Jorbenadze, M Adamia
In our opinion it is caused by incomplete awareness of the distribution of pathological process and the character of morphological changes in the patients. In this regard, we studied structural changes in the soft and bone tissue taken from various cavities of the middle ear system. Operating material was formed in paraffin after the fixation and proper processing. We proceed with decalcification of bone tissues in 15-20% nitric acid. We painted 5-6 mm thick peels prepared on the rotating microtome with hematoxylin and eosin...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714215/maurice-kh-yap-academic-administrator-innovator-in-myopia-research-and-public-health
#3
George C Woo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711611/biochemical-characterization-and-stability-assessment-of-rhizopus-oryzae-lipase-covalently-immobilized-on-amino-functionalized-magnetic-nanoparticles
#4
Kh Pashangeh, M Akhond, H R Karbalaei-Heidari, G Absalan
Amino-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4) have been investigated as a support for covalent immobilization of lipase. The nanoparticles were prepared by chemical coprecipitation method and subsequently were coated with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) via silanization reaction. With glutaraldehyde, as the coupling agent, the lipase from Rhizopus oryzae was successfully immobilized onto the amino-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles. The synthesized support was characterized by transmission electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703117/early-diagnostics-of-temporomandibular-joint-structural-elements-injures-caused-by-traumatic-mandibular-bone-fractures
#5
Kh R Pohranychna, A R Stasyshyn, U D Matolych
A rapidly increasing number of mandibular condylar fractures and some complications related to injuries of temporomandibular elements make this study important. Intra-articular disorders lead to secondary pathological findings such as osteoarthritis, deforming osteoarthrosis, and temporomandibular joint ankylosis that limits mouth opening, mastication, swallowing, breathing, and decreased/lost working capacity or disability. Early diagnosis of intra-articular disorders can prevent from long-lasting functional complications caused by temporomandibular joint injuries...
June 30, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701862/protective-effect-of-ginsenosides-rk3-and-rh4-on-cisplatin-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in%C3%A2-vivo
#6
Seung-Hoon Baek, Byong-Kyu Shin, Nam Jae Kim, Sun-Young Chang, Jeong Hill Park
BACKGROUND: Nephrotoxicity is the major side effect in cisplatin chemotherapy. Previously, we reported that the ginsenosides Rk3 and Rh4 reduced cisplatin toxicity on porcine renal proximal epithelial tubular cells (LLC-PK1). Here, we aimed to evaluate the protective effect of ginsenosides Rk3 and Rh4 on kidney function and elucidate their antioxidant effect using in vitro and in vivo models of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure. METHODS: An enriched mixture of ginsenosides Rk3 and Rh4 (KG-KH; 49...
July 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685254/kh-tfmdi-a-novel-sirtuin-inhibitor-alters-the-cytoskeleton-and-mitochondrial-metabolism-promoting-cell-death-in-leishmania-amazonensis
#7
Brunno Renato Farias Verçoza, Joseane Lima Prado Godinho, Sara Teixeira de Macedo-Silva, Kilian Huber, Franz Bracher, Wanderley de Souza, Juliany Cola Fernandes Rodrigues
Treatment of leishmaniasis involves the use of antimonials, miltefosine, amphotericin B or pentamidine. However, the side effects of these drugs and the reports of drug-resistant parasites demonstrate the need for new treatments that are safer and more efficacious. Histone deacetylase inhibitors are a new class of compounds with potential to treat leishmaniasis. Herein, we evaluated the effects of KH-TFMDI, a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, on Leishmania amazonensis promastigotes and intracellular amastigotes...
July 6, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674864/phylogenetic-analysis-of-h9n2-avian-influenza-viruses-in-afghanistan-2016-2017
#8
Hossein Hosseini, Arash Ghalyanchilangeroudi, Mohammad Hossein Fallah Mehrabadi, Mohammad Saeed Sediqian, Arzhang Shayeganmehr, Seyed Ali Ghafouri, Hossein Maghsoudloo, Hamed Abdollahi, Reza Kh Farahani
Avian influenza A virus (AIV) subtype H9N2 is the most prevalent subtype found in terrestrial poultry throughout Eurasia and has been isolated from poultry outbreaks worldwide. Tracheal tissue specimens from 100 commercial broiler flocks in Afghanistan were collected between 2016 and 2017. After real-time RT-PCR, AI-positive samples were further characterized. A part of the HA gene was amplified using RT-PCR and sequenced. The results of real-time RT-PCR showed that 40 percent of the flocks were AI positive...
July 3, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654018/a-quantitative-acetylomic-analysis-of-early-seed-development-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l
#9
Yifeng Wang, Yuxuan Hou, Jiehua Qiu, Zhiyong Li, Juan Zhao, Xiaohong Tong, Jian Zhang
PKA (protein lysine acetylation) is a critical post-translational modification that regulates various developmental processes, including seed development. However, the acetylation events and dynamics on a proteomic scale in this process remain largely unknown, especially in rice early seed development. We report the first quantitative acetylproteomic study focused on rice early seed development by employing a mass spectral-based (MS-based), label-free approach. A total of 1817 acetylsites on 1688 acetylpeptides from 972 acetylproteins were identified in pistils and seeds at three and seven days after pollination, including 268 acetyproteins differentially acetylated among the three stages...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638009/-videolaparoscopy-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-diseases-simulating-acute-appendicitis
#10
V T Samsonov, A S Ermolov, A A Gulyaev, P A Yartsev, Kh K Abdulamitov, Z I Sattarova
AIM: To analyze videolaparoscopic diagnosis and treatment of abdominal pathology simulating acute appendicitis (AA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: For the period 2008-2015 at Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Emergency Care 2784 patients with suspected AA underwent clinical, laboratory and ultrasonic examination. Depending on survey results patients were divided into 2 groups. Group I included 1352 (48.6%) patients with AA, group II - 1432 (51.4%) patients with suspected AA...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636418/dxs-as-a-target-for-structure-based-drug-design
#11
Robin Matthias Gierse, Eswar Redeem, Eleonora Diamanti, Carsten Wrenger, Matthew R Groves, Anna Kh Hirsch
In this review, we analyze the enzyme DXS, the first and rate-limiting protein in the methylerythritol 4-phosphate pathway. This pathway was discovered in 1996 and is one of two known metabolic pathways for the biosynthesis of the universal building blocks for isoprenoids. It promises to offer new targets for the development of anti-infectives against the human pathogens, malaria or tuberculosis. We mapped the sequence conservation of 1-deoxy-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase on the protein structure and analyzed it in comparison with previously identified druggable pockets...
June 21, 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631906/-technical-features-of-intestinal-ureteroplasty-part-7-forming-ureterointestinal-anastomoses
#12
B K Komyakov, V A Ochelenko, M V Onoshko, T Kh Al-Attar, A Kh Gaziev
AIM: To present the results and technical features of forming the ureterointestinal anastomoses in intestinal ureteral substitution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 1998 to December 2016, 168 patients (mean age 51 +/- 8.7 years) underwent ureteral substitution using intestinal segments at the Urology Clinic of the I.I. Mechnikov NWSMU. Of them, 76 (45.2%) were males. In 119 (70.8%) patients, intestinal segments were used to replace various parts of the ureters (iliac in 92, colonic in 4, appendix in 23), and in 49 (29...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631900/-experimental-development-and-rationale-for-a-renal-decellularization-protocol-with-subsequent-comprehensive-assessment-of-the-biological-scaffold
#13
P V Glybochko, S N Alekseenko, E A Gubareva, E V Kuevda, A A Basov, A S Sotnichenko, S S Dzhimak, I S Gumenyuk, I Kh Egiev, V N Chechelyan, R Z Nakokhov, O M Lyasota, Yu V Teterin
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is one of the most challenging problems of contemporary medicine. Patients with chronic renal failure usually need renal replacement therapy as either hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis or a kidney transplant. The latter is the most promising option for end-stage kidney disease. However, the shortage of donor organs, the complexity of their delivery, the difficulty in finding an immunologically compatible donor and the need for lifelong immunosuppression triggered advances in modern tissue engineering...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631710/-diagnostic-problems-of-histological-remission-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#14
A S Tertychnyi, Kh M Akhrieva, I V Maev, O V Zayratyants, L S Selivanova
AIM: to analyze the generally accepted histological criteria for diagnosing the activity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in patients with therapy-induced endoscopic remission. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Colon biopsy specimens from 57 patients aged from 19 to 52 years (mean age 31±2.5 years), including 41 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 16 with Crohn's disease (CD) affecting the colon, were examined. All the patients had no clinical signs of disease activity; endoscopic examination diagnosed remission (none or minimal changes)...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631687/-acquired-atresia-and-stenosis-of-the-external-acoustic-meatus
#15
D S Kondratchikov, Kh M Diab, V S Korvyakov, L I Terekhina
Acquired atresia of the external acoustic meatus is a rare pathological condition characterized by obliteration of the medial part of the external acoustic canal by a soft fibrous plug. The present article presents an overview of a series of cases of acquired atresia and stenosis of the external acoustic meatus with the description of etiology, pathogenesis, and methods for the treatment of this condition. In the majority of the cases, atresia develops at the final stage of granulation external otitis with or without an accompanying dermatological pathology...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627715/transition-and-alkali-metal-complex-ternary-amides-for-ammonia-synthesis-and-decomposition
#16
Hujun Cao, Jianping Guo, Fei Chang, Claudio Pistidda, Wei Zhou, Xilun Zhang, Antonio Santoru, Hui Wu, Norbert Schell, Rainer Niewa, Ping Chen, Thomas Klassen, Martin Dornheim
A new complex ternary amide, Rb2 [Mn(NH2 )4 ], which simultaneously contains both transition and alkali metal catalytic sites, is developed. This is in line with the recently reported TM-LiH composite catalysts, which have been shown to effectively break the scaling relations and achieve ammonia synthesis under mild conditions. Rb2 [Mn(NH2 )4 ] can be facilely synthesized by mechanochemical reaction at room temperature. It exhibits two temperature-dependent polymorphs, that is, a low-temperature orthorhombic and a high-temperature monoclinic structure...
June 19, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618119/kh-type-splicing-regulatory-protein-mediate-inflammatory-response-in-gastric-epithelial-cells-induced-by-lipopolysaccharide
#17
Chong Chen, Mei Cao, Daoyan Wu, Ningzhe Li, Jingshan Peng, Liju Song, Panpan Qi, Mao Zhang, Jian Zhao
To study differential expressions of KH-type splicing regulatory protein (KSRP) and inflammatory factors and to explore the relationship between them in Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced gastric epithelial cells (GES-1), cells were exposed to LPS for 24 h in the presence or absence of SC-514. Western blot and real-time PCR (RT-PCR) were used to analysis the contents of KSRP, inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). The results showed that LPS decreased the expression of KSRP protein in GES-1 cells, but not KSRP mRNA, while increasing the levels of iNOS and COX-2 proteins and mRNAs in GES-1cells...
June 15, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617375/-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#18
R G Esin, I Kh Khairullin, E R Mukhametova, O R Esin
AIM: To study persistent postural perceptual dizziness (PPPD) in outpatients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and patients with presbiataxia (PAt). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-four patients with PPPD, including 14 with Meniere's disease (MD), 19 with BPPV, 17 with a history of ischemic stroke (IS) in the vertebrobasilar system and 34 with Pat, were examined. For the diagnosis of anxiety, the original 15-point questionnaire with the Likert Scale structure was used...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612954/effect-of-graded-levels-of-dietary-corn-steep-liquor-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-haematology-and-histopathology-of-broilers
#19
Z Ullah, M Yousaf, M M Shami, M Sharif, Kh Mahrose
This experiment was conducted to assess nutritional potential of corn steep liquor (CSL) as an alternative protein source in broiler's diet. A total of 280-day-old unsexed broiler chicks were randomly distributed into four experimental groups in a simple randomised experimental design (each group had seven replicates; 10 birds per each). Four iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric broiler starter and finisher diets (C, LCSL, MCSL and HCSL) were formulated containing 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% CSL respectively. Results revealed that chicks fed MCSL diet had significantly (p ≤ ...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610544/the-biomechanical-properties-of-human-craniofacial-sutures-and-relevant-variables-in-sutural-distraction-osteogenesis-a-critical-review
#20
Fabio Savoldi, James K H Tsoi, Corrado Paganelli, Jukka P Matinlinna
Sutures are synarthroses connecting the bones of the head with each other through a fibrous sutural ligament. The knowledge of their biomechanical properties is relevant in the application of regenerative techniques for the treatment of craniofacial conditions, such as the sutural distraction osteogenesis (SDO). However, their mechanical characterization has not received a systematic approach, and both clinical treatments and virtual simulations lack clear mechanical parameters. Online databases (PubMed(©), Cochrane Library(©), Google Scholar(©)), references of full-text articles, and previous reviews of the literature were searched...
July 21, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
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