Read by QxMD icon Read

Sinonasal malignancy

Gennaro Ilardi, Daniela Russo, Silvia Varricchio, Giovanni Salzano, Giovanni Dell'Aversana Orabona, Virginia Napolitano, Rosa Maria Di Crescenzo, Alessandra Borzillo, Francesco Martino, Francesco Merolla, Massimo Mascolo, Stefania Staibano
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) can play a causative role in the development of sinonasal tract malignancies. In fact, HPV may be the most significant causative agent implicated in sinonasal tumorigenesis and is implicated in as many as 21% of sinonasal carcinomas. To date, there are no definitive, reliable and cost-effective, diagnostic tests approved by the FDA for the unequivocal determination of HPV status in head and neck cancers. We followed an exhaustive algorithm to correctly test HPV infection, including a sequential approach with p16INK4a IHC, viral DNA genotyping and in situ hybridization for E6/E7 mRNA...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Edward C Kuan, Kevin A Peng, Lyndon O Gonzalez, Joel A Sercarz
We report a rare case of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the nasal cavity arising in a patient with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). The patient was a 35-year-old man who had been diagnosed 15 years earlier with GPA and treated medically for sinonasal, pulmonary, and renal involvement. He presented to us with left-sided orbital and cheek pain and nasal obstruction. Endoscopy detected a friable, exophytic mass that involved the left lateral nasal wall and septum. Biopsy analysis identified the mass as an SCC...
January 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Murat Kutlay, Abdullah Durmaz, İlker Özer, Cahit Kural, Çağlar Temiz, Serdar Kaya, İlker Solmaz, Mehmet Daneyemez, Yusuf Izci
OBJECTIVE: With the use of multiple endoscopic endonasal surgical corridors, extended endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEEAs) are now being used to treat a wide range of ventral skull base lesions. Our aim was to present our experience with EEEAs to the ventral skull base lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 106 patients (57 men and 49 women) who underwent surgery for skull base lesions using EEEAs from 2010 to 2017. The EEEA was most commonly used for giant pituitary macroadenomas, sinonasal malignancies, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks, meningiomas, craniopharyngiomas, and fibro-osseous lesions...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
José G Vartanian, Ronaldo N Toledo, Thiago Bueno, Luiz P Kowalski
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Review the recent literature regarding the management of orbital invasion in sinonasal malignant tumors. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a recent trend in preserving the orbit in cases of minimal invasion of periosteum and limited periorbit involvement, as well as in presence of good response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, mainly in squamous cell carcinoma and neuroendocrine histologies. SUMMARY: The decision about orbital exenteration in cases of sinonasal malignancies is facilitated if the patient already has clear clinical signs of intraconal invasion such as visual loss, restriction of ocular mobility or infiltration of the eyeglobe...
February 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
M S Begum, U K Sarker, M A Islam, M A Sangma, P Paul, M A Rahman
Sinonasal mass is the abnormal growth of tissue from nasal cavity and mucosa of the paranasal sinuses. The growth may be benign or malignant. The benign lesion grows slowly and does not metastasize. The malignant lesion grows rapidly and metastasizes early. The aim of this study is to evaluate and diagnose the various types of sinonasal masses with MRI and its correlation with histopathological findings. This cross sectional descriptive study was carried out for a period of 02 years, from July 2015 to June 2017...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Karine Tawagi, Rita Akaraz-Avedissian, Irina Burman-Solovyeva
A 48-year-old man presented to urgent care with recurrent epistaxis over 6 months. Initially, nosebleeds were controlled with packing or cautery. Ultimately, he was referred to ear, nose and throat department and underwent nasal endoscopy which revealed polypoid tissue. A biopsy of the polyp showed non-specific inflammation with no evidence of malignancy. Follow-up maxillofacial CT revealed a large mass lesion in the right maxillary sinus, right nasal fossa, much of the ethmoids and right sphenoid, with destruction of adjacent bony structures...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Neil Majmundar, Naveed Kamal, Renuka Reddy, Jean A Eloy, James K Liu
The endoscopic endonasal transcribriform approach (EETA) has become a useful strategy in the treatment of various anterior skull base pathology, including meningoencephaloceles, olfactory groove meningiomas, schwannomas, esthesioneuroblastomas, and other sinonasal malignancies. However, not all pathologies are optimally treated through this approach due to tumor size, extent of the lesion, vascular involvement, and the presence of intact olfaction. One must be prepared to use a transcranial approach if the EETA is not favorable...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
Lisa M Rooper, Justin A Bishop, William H Westra
The head and neck is the site of a wide and sometimes bewildering array of neuroendocrine (NE) tumors. Although recognition of NE differentiation may be necessary for appropriate tumor classification and treatment, traditional NE markers such as synaptophysin, chromogranin, and CD56 are not always sufficiently sensitive or specific to make this distinction. Insulinoma-associated protein 1 (INSM1) is a novel transcription factor that has recently demonstrated excellent sensitivity and specificity for NE differentiation in various anatomic sites, but has not yet been extensively evaluated in tumors of the head and neck...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Andrés Di Pietrantonio, Humberto Asmus, Christian Ingratta, Walter Brennan, Javier Schulz, Leandro Carballo
Introduction: Inverted papilloma is a locally-aggressive benign neoplasm of the paranasal sinuses with a high potential for recurrence and malignancy. Intracranial extension is infrequent, and dural penetration even more so, typically associated with recurrence of the disease or its degeneration into squamous cell carcinoma. Clinical Case: A 32-year-old female patient consulted us for an exophytic lesion in her right nostril and exophthalmos, associated with headache, anosmia and dysgeusia...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Olivier Mauvais, Cécile Badet, Laetitia Lestrade, Laurent Tavernier
Primitive tumors of pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) are often benign tumors or extension of a malignant sinonasal tract. Primitive tumors may rarely occur in PPF.The authors present a 71-year-old woman with a 6-month history of left cranial nerve palsy. Magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography-computed tomography showed an enhancing isolated lesion at the PPF. A transmaxillary biopsy was performed, leading to diagnosis of primitive squamous cell carcinoma. The patient underwent radiotherapy treatment...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Shin Saito, Hiroyuki Ozawa, Yuuichi Ikari, Nana Nakahara, Fumihiro Ito, Mariko Sekimizu, Junichi Fukada, Kaori Kameyama, Kaoru Ogawa
This paper presents an extremely rare case of synovial sarcoma arising from the maxillary sinus, which resulted in a clinically complete response to chemotherapy. Synovial sarcoma is a rare soft tissue malignant tumor, most commonly affecting the extremities. While ~10% occur in the head and neck region, synovial sarcoma of the sinonasal tract is extremely rare, with only 11 cases having been reported previously. As with other sarcomas, the standard treatment is complete resection while allowing for a safe margin, but this is often difficult in the head and neck area due to the complicated anatomy there...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Melissa A LoPresti, Jonathan N Sellin, Franco DeMonte
Objectives  To review developmental surgical anatomy and technical nuances related to pediatric skull base surgery. Design  Retrospective, single-center case series with literature review. Setting  MD Anderson Cancer Center. Participants  Patients undergoing pediatric skull base surgery. Main Outcome Measures  Review developmental anatomy of the pediatric skull base as it relates to technical nuance of various surgical approaches and insight gained from a 25-year institutional experience with this unique patient population...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Yi-Chan Lee, Ta-Jen Lee, Ngan-Ming Tsang, Yenlin Huang, Cheng-Lung Hsu, Li-Jen Hsin, Yi-Hsuan Lee, Kai-Ping Chang
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rare malignancy of the head and neck. Cavernous sinus invasion from sinonasal adenoid cystic carcinoma and its related management have rarely been investigated. This study evaluated the relationship between treatment outcome and cavernous sinus involvement in addition to other parameters. METHODS: A retrospective case series study was conducted at a tertiary referral center. The medical records of 47 patients diagnosed with primary sinonasal adenoid cystic carcinoma between 1984 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
A Agaimy, F Haller, A Hartmann
The last two decades have seen significant advances in the pathology of sinonasal tract neoplasms. This was the consequence of the availability of several innovative diagnostic tools, which resulted in a dynamic evolution of entities and splitting of newly defined or conceptualized entities and subtypes that have been included in the spectrum of old heterogeneous diseases. Most of these new tumor subtypes have distinctive demographic, clinicopathologic, and biological characteristics with prognostic and therapeutic implications for individual patients...
February 2, 2018: Der Pathologe
Huy Q Truong, Xicai Sun, Emrah Celtikci, Hamid Borghei-Razavi, Eric W Wang, Carl H Snyderman, Paul A Gardner, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda
OBJECTIVE Multiple approaches have been designed to reach the medial middle fossa (for lesions in Meckel's cave, in particular), but an anterior approach through the greater wing of the sphenoid (transalisphenoid) has not been explored. In this study, the authors sought to assess the feasibility of and define the anatomical landmarks for an endoscopic anterior transmaxillary transalisphenoid (EATT) approach to Meckel's cave and the middle cranial fossa. METHODS Endoscopic dissection was performed on 5 cadaver heads injected intravascularly with colored silicone bilaterally to develop the approach and define surgical landmarks...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
B Sipos
Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are infrequent in sensory organs. There are well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms that should be classified as neuroendocrine tumors, in analogy to their gastrointestinal counterparts, however the nomenclature is inconsistent. The best defined entities are neuroendocrine tumors in the middle ear and ectopic pituitary adenoma in the sphenoid region. Poorly differentiated NENs most often arise in the olfactory organ and nasal cavity that are represented by olfactory neuroblastomas and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas...
February 1, 2018: Der Pathologe
Jong Seung Kim, Sam Hyun Kwon
RATIONALE: Inverted papilloma (IP) is a benign tumor that should be monitored carefully because it frequently recurs and has the potential to become malignant. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 59-year-old woman who presented with a mass which had been found incidentally on positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET CT). DIAGNOSES: Using endoscopy and CT, the preoperative diagnosis was inverted papilloma. PET CT showed a mass with hot uptake in the left ethmoid and frontal sinus (maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) = 7...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Zebin Xiao, Yufeng Zhong, Zuohua Tang, Jinwei Qiang, Wen Qian, Rong Wang, Jie Wang, Lingjie Wu, Wenlin Tang, Zhongshuai Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the correlations of parameters derived from standard diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) and intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) with the Ki-67 proliferation status. METHODS: Seventy-five patients with histologically proven sinonasal malignancies who underwent standard DWI, DKI and IVIM were retrospectively reviewed. The mean, minimum, maximum and whole standard DWI [apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC)], DKI [diffusion kurtosis (K) and diffusion coefficient (Dk)] and IVIM [pure diffusion coefficient (D), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D*) and perfusion fraction (f)] parameters were measured and correlated with the Ki-67 labelling index (LI)...
January 30, 2018: European Radiology
A Agaimy, W Weichert, F Haller, A Hartmann
As a result of some seminal observations as well as a consequence of increasing use of modern and innovative molecular diagnostic technologies, a variety of new genetic aberrations have been discovered in head and neck neoplasms of different anatomic locations and histogenetic origins. These advances resulted in the establishment of new molecularly defined disease entities. On the other hand, some of these new genetic biomarkers paved the way to potentially promising novel therapeutic opportunities. Diverse old (well known in other entities) and newly discovered translocations and gene fusions represent the leading subgroup of these genetic aberrations...
February 2018: Der Pathologe
Ashwin Ganti, Max A Plitt, Edward C Kuan, Hannah N Kuhar, Pete S Batra, Bobby A Tajudeen
BACKGROUND: The 5-year overall survival rate for patients with sinonasal cancers has remained around 50% for the last 3 decades. Prior studies on head and neck cancers have suggested that 1 reason for poor survival is the frequent development of second primary malignancies (SPMs). The purpose of this study is to assess overall and site-specific risks of SPM following treatment of sinonasal malignancy. METHODS: A retrospective, population-based cohort study was performed on 2614 patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database who were diagnosed with primary sinonasal malignancy between 1973 and 2014...
January 30, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"