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Sinonasal malignancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314082/case-report-hpv-related-carcinoma-with-adenoid-cystic-like-features-of-the-sinonasal-tract
#1
Robert J Chouake, Molly Cohen, Alfred-Marc Iloreta
Human papillomavirus-related carcinoma with adenoid cystic-like features is a newly described histologic variant of sinonasal tract carcinoma. The implications of this sinonasal malignancy is still being evaluated. There are a limited number of cases reported in the literature, and thus we seek to further characterize this patient population and review the histologic features of this malignancy with the following two cases. The behavior of this entity is as yet uncertain. Laryngoscope, 2018.
January 4, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283936/a-patient-with-submerged-sinonasal-angiosarcoma-after-resection-of-underlying-organizing-hematoma
#2
Hyo Jin Chung, Myoung Ju Koh, Chang-Hoon Kim, Jung Hyun Chang
A 30-year-old female patient with facial pain diagnosed as organizing hematoma of maxillary sinus by biopsy and imaging studies, and subsequently tumor was resected via an endoscope-assisted midfacial degloving approach. The tumor was histopathologically confirmed as organizing hematoma. In 3-week follow-up, asymptomatic emerging mass was observed at the same site, and needed a revision endoscopic resection. On pathologic examination, a low-grade angiosarcoma was identified, not organizing hematoma. After postoperative radiotherapy, she has been a status of no evidence of disease...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280680/smarcb1-deficient-tumors-of-childhood-a-practical-guide
#3
Bruce R Pawel
The SMARCB1 gene ( INI1, BAF47) is a member of the SWItch/Sucrose Non-Fermentable (SWI/SNF) chromatin remodeling complex, involved in the epigenetic regulation of gene transcription. SMARCB1 acts as a tumor suppressor gene, and loss of function of both alleles gives rise to SMARCB1-deficient tumors. The prototypical SMARCB1-deficient tumor is the malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) which was first described in the kidney but also occurs in soft tissue, viscera, and the brain (where it is referred to as atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor or AT/RT)...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279173/differentiating-between-benign-and-malignant-sinonasal-lesions-using-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-and-intravoxel-incoherent-motion
#4
Jingxuan Jiang, Zebin Xiao, Zuohua Tang, Yufeng Zhong, Jinwei Qiang
PURPOSE: To explore the value of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) for distinguishing between benign and malignant sinonasal lesions and investigate the correlations between the two methods. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with sinonasal lesions (42 benign and 31 malignant) who underwent DCE-MRI and IVIM before confirmation by histopathology were enrolled in this prospective study. Parameters derived from DCE-MRI and IVIM were measured, the optimal cut-off values for differential diagnosis were determined, and the correlations between the two methods were evaluated...
January 2018: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277853/endoscopic-endonasal-resection-of-sinonasal-anterior-skull-base-malignancy-kadish-c-esthesioneuroblastoma
#5
Gautam U Mehta, Ehab Y Hanna, Franco DeMonte, Shaan M Raza
BACKGROUND: The surgical management of anterior skull base malignancies requires the full complement of open and endoscopic skull base approaches. Due to the evolution of endoscopic techniques, endoscopic approaches are now being employed for complex skull base tumors. METHODS: We present our technique for endoscopic management for an advanced (T4) anterior skull base malignancy that provides a systematic approach to resection, margin assessment, and reconstruction...
December 26, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250552/risk-factors-of-recurrence-and-malignant-transformation-of-sinonasal-inverted-papilloma
#6
REVIEW
Marta Gamrot-Wrzoł, Paweł Sowa, Grażyna Lisowska, Wojciech Ścierski, Maciej Misiołek
Sinonasal inverted papilloma is a relatively rare disease; however, it is prevalent enough for every ENT practitioner to encounter it several times throughout medical routines. Despite the developments in experimental and clinical medicine as well as surgical techniques, our knowledge of this disease is still inadequate. With improved imaging and better diagnostic techniques, proper diagnosis and qualification for surgical approaches leave no doubt. Although the endoscopic approach seems to be the gold standard for such condition, some cases may additionally require an external approach...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240044/sinonasal-cancer-in-a-worker-exposed-to-chromium-in-an-unusual-industrial-sector
#7
Vera Comiati, Maria Luisa Scapellato, Enrico Alexandre, Tiziana Volo, Daniele Borsetto, Mariella Carrieri, Enzo Emanuelli, Diego Cazzador
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to chromium is carcinogenic for human respiratory system. Due to the low incidence of sinonasal malignancies, there is still a paucity of evidence to confirm that chromium(VI) exposure is a cause of nasal cancer. OBJECTIVES: To report on a sinonasal cancer (SNC) of rare occupational origin, increasing the awareness on epidemiological knowledge of occupational exposures to chromium compounds. METHODS: We describe a case of a 64-year-old chrome plater who worked in the galvanic industry in the early 1970s...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224819/outcome-by-treatment-modality-in-sinonasal-undifferentiated-carcinoma-snuc-a-case-series-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Grégoire B Morand, Nanina Anderegg, Domenic Vital, Kristian Ikenberg, Gerhard F Huber, Michael B Soyka, Matthias Egger, David Holzmann
OBJECTIVE: Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC) is an aggressive malignancy first described by Frierson et al. in 1986. As the tumor is very rare, current treatment recommendations are based on institutional case reports. We thus felt the need to perform a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate how treatment modalities are associated with survival. DESIGN: Case-series, systematic review and meta-analysis METHODS: We searched the OvidMedline, OvidEmbase, Web of Science, Biosis, Scopus and the Cochrane Library database libraries...
December 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224278/-clinicopathologic-and-molecular-genetic-characterizations-of-biphenotypic-sinonasal-sarcoma
#9
M Zhao, Q Y LaoI, D H Zhao, J Ma, G Q Ru, X L He, Z Wang, J Wang
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics, immunophenotypes, molecular genetics, and diagnostic and differential diagnostic features of biphenotypic sinonasal sarcoma (BSNS). Methods: Three cases of BSNS were retrieved, the histomorphology, immunophenotype and molecular genetics were analyzed with review of literature. Results: There were 2 male and 1 female patient aged 45, 29 and 40 years, respectively.Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging examinations showed a large polypoid mass occupying the sinonasal cavity in all 3 patients...
December 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219192/what-is-the-appropriate-timing-for-endoscopic-and-radiographic-surveillance-following-treatment-for-sinonasal-malignancies
#10
Arjun K Parasher, Edward C Kuan, Maie A St John, Bobby A Tajudeen, Nithin D Adappa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211048/imaging-characteristics-of-malignant-sinonasal-tumors
#11
REVIEW
Masaya Kawaguchi, Hiroki Kato, Hiroyuki Tomita, Keisuke Mizuta, Mitsuhiro Aoki, Akira Hara, Masayuki Matsuo
Malignancies of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses account for 1% of all malignancies and 3% of malignancies of the upper aerodigestive tract. In the sinonasal tract, nearly half of all malignancies arise in the nasal cavity, whereas most of the remaining malignancies arise in the maxillary or ethmoid sinus. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common histological subtype of malignant tumors occurring in this area, followed by other epithelial carcinomas, lymphomas, and malignant soft tissue tumors. Although many of these tumors present with nonspecific symptoms, each tumor exhibits characteristic imaging features...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210531/comparison-of-endoscopic-and-open-resection-of-sinonasal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-of-652-patients
#12
Suat Kılıç, Sarah S Kılıç, Soly Baredes, Richard Chan Woo Park, Omar Mahmoud, Jeffrey D Suh, Stacey T Gray, Jean Anderson Eloy
BACKGROUND: The use of endoscopic resection as an alternative to open surgery for sinonasal malignancies has increased in the past 20 years. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for cases of sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SNSCC) without cervical or distant metastases that were treated surgically between 2010 and 2014. They were split into 2 groups based on surgical approach: open or endoscopic. Demographics, facility and insurance type, stage, tumor characteristics, postoperative treatment, 30-day readmission rate, 30- and 90-day mortality, and overall survival (OS) were compared between the 2 groups...
December 6, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204580/etiology-of-sinonasal-inverted-papilloma-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Ming-Jie Wang, Julia E Noel
Objective: Sinonasal inverted papilloma (IP) is a benign and uncommon tumor of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses with a tendency for recurrence and even malignant transformation. Though the morphology and clinical behavior of this lesion has been well described, its etiology remains controversial. Methods: Computerized searches were performed in PubMed, Scopus, and Google scholar through May 2015. In this review, etiologic factors including human papilloma virus (HPV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), cell cycle related proteins and angiogenic factors, occupational and environmental exposures, and chronic inflammation, will be discussed...
March 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174934/primary-lesions-that-may-imitate-metastatic-tumors-histologically-a-selective-review
#14
REVIEW
Mark R Wick
Several primary pathologic entities in diverse anatomic locations have the potential to simulate metastatic neoplasms histologically. Their misinterpretation as such may result in needless and extensive clinical evaluations that are intended to detect a presumed malignancy at another site. More importantly, mistakes of this type can deprive patients of surgical excisions that could be curative. This presentation considers a review of selected primary lesions that can simulate metastases. They include hemangioblastoma, glioblastoma and meningioma with epithelial metaplasia, choroid plexus carcinomas, primary neuroendocrine carcinomas in unusual locations, special forms of sinonasal and salivary glandular adenocarcinoma, clear-cell thyroid carcinomas, unusual microscopic subtypes of pulmonary adenocarcinoma, epithelioid myomelanocytomas ("sugar tumors"), mesotheliomas, primary thymic carcinomas, endodermal choristomas of the interatrial myocardium, peripheral cholangiocarcinoma, adrenocortical carcinoma, adenocarcinomas of the urinary bladder, mucinous and "rhabdoid" tumors of the ovaries, rete testis adenocarcinomas, interdigitating dendritic-cell sarcoma of lymph nodes, selected sweat gland carcinomas, cutaneous Merkel cell carcinoma, primary dermal and subcutaneous melanoma, mucosal and visceral melanomas, epithelioid sarcoma, clear-cell sarcoma, and adamantinoma of long bones...
November 17, 2017: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168109/a-case-of-glomangiopericytoma-at-the-nasal-septum
#15
Takashi Anzai, Tsuyoshi Saito, Sho Tsuyama, Miri Toh, Katsuhisa Ikeda, Shin Ito
Glomangiopericytoma (GPC) is a rare sinonasal perivascular tumor that accounts for < 0.5-1% of all sinonasal tumors. GPC is categorized as a low-grade neoplasm with borderline malignancy and a tendency of local recurrence. GPC is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm characterized by the perivascular proliferation of tumor cells, and it requires being distinguished from solitary fibrous tumors. Here, we report a case of GPC in a 68-year-old male patient who presented at the emergency room of our hospital with a complaint of sudden epistaxis...
November 22, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137081/sinonasal-undifferentiated-carcinoma-originating-from-inverted-papilloma-a-case-report
#16
Jong Seung Kim, Ki Hwan Hong, Kyu Yun Jang, Jong Hoon Song
RATIONALE: Sinonasal inverted papilloma (IP) is a locally aggressive tumor found in the schneiderian membrane, lining the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 63-year-old woman with undifferentiated carcinoma (UC) arising in an IP in the left maxillary sinus. DIAGNOSES: The preoperative diagnosis was IP of the maxillary sinus. INTERVENTIONS: We performed endoscopic medial maxillectomy to remove the remnant mass in the left maxillary sinus...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136692/-expression-and-prognostic-values-of-pd-1-pd-l1-and-ido-1-in-sinonasal-malignant-mucosal-melanoma
#17
H Q Liu, B Q Zou, S Y Wang
Objective: To investigate the correlation between the expression of programmed death-1(PD-1), PD ligand-1(PD-L1), indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase 1(IDO-1) and clinical parameters in sinonasal malignant mucosal melanoma (SNM). Methods: Samples from 86 SNM patients who did not receive immune-targeted therapy and radio-chemotherapy were analyzed for PD-1, PD-L1, and IDO-1 expression by immunohistochemistry. Results: High clinical/pathologic staging, brain metastases and advanced age were independent risk factors of poor prognosis...
November 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095708/updates-in-the-management-of-sinonasal-mucosal-melanoma
#18
Meghan M Crippen, Suat Kılıç, Jean A Eloy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SNMM) is an aggressive cancer with a poor prognosis. Although there is significant study surrounding the treatment of sinonasal malignancies and cutaneous melanomas, the rarity of this tumor has largely precluded robust outcomes analyses. The authors of this review seek to provide an overview of the recent literature related to the treatment of SNMM with added context from our institutional experience with this disease. RECENT FINDINGS: In the surgical management of sinonasal malignancies and SNMM specifically, resection via endoscopic endonasal technique appears to offer comparable oncologic outcomes versus an open approach...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079177/sinonasal-nut-carcinoma-clinicopathological-and-cytogenetic-analysis-with-autopsy-findings
#19
Hiroshi Minato, Eriko Kobayashi, Satoko Nakada, Nozomu Kurose, Mio Tanaka, Yukichi Tanaka, Shioto Suzuki, Fumihiko Tanioka, Yutaka Saikawa, Takaki Miwa, Takayuki Nojima
Nuclear protein in testis (NUT) carcinoma is a rare malignant neoplasm with an undifferentiated morphology. Its diagnosis is often difficult, especially as the sinonasal tract gives rise to many tumors with undifferentiated morphologies. Not many cases of sinonasal NUT carcinomas have been reported, and its clinicopathological features have not been sufficiently clarified. In this study, we performed a clinicopathological study of 4 patients with sinonasal NUT carcinoma, including wide-ranging immunohistochemical tests and cytogenetic analyses using fluorescence in situ hybridization and DNA sequencing...
October 24, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070275/long-term-follow-up-of-a-patient-with-malignant-transformation-of-inverted-papilloma-into-sinonasal-undifferentiated-carcinoma
#20
Carolyn A Orgain, Terry Y Shibuya, Lester D Thompson, David B Keschner, Rohit Garg, Jivianne T Lee
INTRODUCTION: Inverted papillomas (IP) are benign sinonasal neoplasms, which account for 0.5-4% of all nasal tumors. IPs have been known to transform into squamous cell carcinoma in 5-15% of cases. Rarely, transformations to other malignancies have been reported. Here we report a unique case of malignant transformation of an IP into sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC). METHODS: A case report with a literature review; institutional review board exempted. The clinical presentation, radiographic features, surgical intervention, histopathologic analysis, treatment, and outcome of the case were examined...
October 1, 2017: Allergy & Rhinology
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