keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ultrasound of bowel disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206754/abdominal-ultrasound-does-not-reveal-significant-alterations-in-patients-with-nonceliac-wheat-sensitivity
#1
Maurizio Soresi, Pasquale Mansueto, Antonino Terranova, Alberto D'Alcamo, Francesco La Blasca, Francesca Cavataio, Rosario Iacobucci, Antonio Carroccio
GOALS: The goal of this study was (A) to evaluate abdominal ultrasound signs in nonceliac wheat sensitivity (NCWS) patients for features useful in diagnosis and (B) to compare these aspects with those of celiac patients to assess whether ultrasound can be useful in the differential diagnosis between NCWS and celiac disease (CD). BACKGROUND: NCWS diagnosis is difficult as no biomarkers of this condition have as yet been identified. In CD ultrasound aspects have been identified that have a good diagnostic accuracy...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195757/bowel-sonoelastography-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Lorenzo Carlo Pescatori, Giovanni Mauri, Edoardo Savarino, Luca Pastorelli, Maurizio Vecchi, Luca Maria Sconfienza
Sonoelastography is an ultrasound-based method for evaluating the biological properties of a target tissue. It is commonly used in the diagnosis of liver and thyroid disease, but recently its use for monitoring the characteristics of bowel wall in patients affected by Crohn's disease (CD) has been proposed. Our aim was a systematic review of the use of sonoelastography in patients with CD. An initial database search retrieved 32 possible articles. On initial screening, 7 articles, concerning a total of 129 patients and 154 lesions of the small and large bowel, were finally included in the review...
November 28, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170798/anatomical-road-mapping-using-ct-and-mr-enterography-for-ultrasound-molecular-imaging-of-small-bowel-inflammation-in-swine
#3
Huaijun Wang, Stephen A Felt, Ismayil Guracar, Valentina Taviani, Jianhua Zhou, Rosa Maria Silveira Sigrist, Huiping Zhang, Joy Liau, José G Vilches-Moure, Lu Tian, Yamil Saenz, Thierry Bettinger, Brian A Hargreaves, Amelie M Lutz, Jürgen K Willmann
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and time saving of fusing CT and MR enterography with ultrasound for ultrasound molecular imaging (USMI) of inflammation in an acute small bowel inflammation of swine. METHODS: Nine swine with ileitis were scanned with either CT (n = 3) or MR (n = 6) enterography. Imaging times to load CT/MR images onto a clinical ultrasound machine, fuse them to ultrasound with an anatomical landmark-based approach, and identify ileitis were compared to the imaging times without anatomical road mapping...
November 23, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139310/pudendal-nerve-injury-impairs-anorectal-function-and-health-related-quality-of-life-measures-%C3%A2-2-years-after-3d-conformal-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#4
Eng Eric Yeoh, Rochelle Botten, Addolorata Di Matteo, Marcus Tippett, Jonathon Hutton, Robert Fraser, Phillip G Dinning, David Wattchow
PURPOSE: To compare GI symptoms, measures of generic and disease specific health related quality of life (HRQoL), anorectal and pudendal nerve function and anal sphincter morphology between (i) patients ≥2 years after 3D conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT)±high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy for carcinoma of the prostate and aged matched patients before radiotherapy and (ii) symptomatic and asymptomatic patients ≥2 years after 3D-CRT ± HDR brachytherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Methodology included: (i) modified LENT-SOMA scales for GI symptoms, (ii) EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-PR25 questionnaires for generic and disease specific HRQoL, (iii) anorectal manometry and terminal motor latency for anorectal and pudendal nerve function and (iv) endorectal ultrasound for anal sphincter morphology...
November 15, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126753/usefulness-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-differentiating-inflammatory-bowel-disease-from-colon-cancer
#5
Fan Zhang, Li-Ying Miao, Hui-Yu Ge, Shi Tan, Zhi-Qiang Li, Bo Zhao
To evaluate the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differential diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colon cancer, we enrolled 51 patients with thickened bowel walls (13 with IBD and 38 with colon cancer). Ultrasound and CEUS were performed and both qualitative and quantitative features were analyzed. The intestinal wall stratification was preserved in 63.6% of the IBD group but in only 2.6% of the colon cancer group (p <0.01). On CEUS, disordered enhancement and heterogeneous enhancement were shown in only 9...
November 7, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107397/traumatic-injury-to-the-portal-vein-with-shock-bowel
#6
Nicholas C Cleveland, Don N Nguyen, Cassie D Tran, Rishi K Maheshwary, Matthew S Hartman
A portal vein aneurysm is the dilatation of the portal vein due to a defect in the vein wall. This rare disease manifestation is difficult to predict and has the potential for severe complications. We describe the case of a 68-year-old man involved in a motor vehicle collision who presented with abdominal hemorrhage found on ultrasound, hypotension, and vague abdominal pain. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy to control bleeding. Surgery and a subsequent abdominal computed tomography revealed the presence of a portal vein pseudoaneurysm and shock bowel...
October 3, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097866/how-to-perform-gastrointestinal-ultrasound-anatomy-and-normal-findings
#7
REVIEW
Nathan S S Atkinson, Robert V Bryant, Yi Dong, Christian Maaser, Torsten Kucharzik, Giovanni Maconi, Anil K Asthana, Michael Blaivas, Adrian Goudie, Odd Helge Gilja, Dieter Nuernberg, Dagmar Schreiber-Dietrich, Christoph F Dietrich
Gastrointestinal ultrasound is a practical, safe, cheap and reproducible diagnostic tool in inflammatory bowel disease gaining global prominence amongst clinicians. Understanding the embryological processes of the intestinal tract assists in the interpretation of abnormal sonographic findings. In general terms, the examination principally comprises interrogation of the colon, mesentery and small intestine using both low-frequency and high-frequency probes. Interpretation of findings on GIUS includes assessment of bowel wall thickness, symmetry of this thickness, evidence of transmural changes, assessment of vascularity using Doppler imaging and assessment of other specific features including lymph nodes, mesentery and luminal motility...
October 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075256/imaging-of-mucosal-inflammation-current-technological-developments-clinical-implications-and-future-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
Maximilian J Waldner, Timo Rath, Sebastian Schürmann, Christian Bojarski, Raja Atreya
In recent years, various technological developments markedly improved imaging of mucosal inflammation in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases. Although technological developments such as high-definition-, chromo-, and autofluorescence-endoscopy led to a more precise and detailed assessment of mucosal inflammation during wide-field endoscopy, probe-based and stationary confocal laser microscopy enabled in vivo real-time microscopic imaging of mucosal surfaces within the gastrointestinal tract. Through the use of fluorochromes with specificity against a defined molecular target combined with endoscopic techniques that allow ultrastructural resolution, molecular imaging enables in vivo visualization of single molecules or receptors during endoscopy...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051981/preoperative-optimization-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-undergoing-gastrointestinal-surgery-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Marie Strøm Zangenberg, Nir Horesh, Uri Kopylov, Alaa El-Hussuna
PURPOSE: Surgical management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a challenging task. The aim of preoperative optimization (PO) is to decrease the risk of complications and reduce the length of postoperative stay. The aim of this study was to review and grade the available evidence, attain clear recommendations, and point out potential future research. METHODS: Studies were identified from electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library) and scanning reference lists in relevant papers...
December 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033765/celiac-disease-associated-with-a-benign-granulomatous-mass-demonstrating-self-regression-after-initiation-of-a-gluten-free-diet
#10
Abhinav Tiwari, Himani Sharma, Khola Qamar, Zubair Khan, Umar Darr, Anas Renno, Ali Nawras
Celiac disease is a chronic immune-mediated enteropathy in which dietary gluten induces an inflammatory reaction predominantly in the duodenum. Celiac disease is known to be associated with benign small bowel thickening and reactive lymphadenopathy that often regresses after the institution of a gluten-free diet. A 66-year-old male patient with celiac disease presented with abdominal pain and diarrheal illness. Computerized tomography of the abdomen revealed a duodenal mass. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of the mass revealed bizarre stromal cells which represent a nonspecific tissue reaction to inflammation...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961950/ultrasound-elasticity-imaging-predicts-therapeutic-outcomes-of-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-treated-with-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-antibodies
#11
Stefania Orlando, Mirella Fraquelli, Marina Coletta, Federica Branchi, Andrea Magarotto, Clara Benedetta Conti, Stefano Mazza, Dario Conte, Guido Basilisco, Flavio Caprioli
Background and aims: Ultrasound elasticity imaging is a non-invasive technique developed to evaluate fibrosis. Measuring tissue strain by ultrasound elasticity imaging can reliably detect severe ileal fibrosis in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). We have hypothesized that a more severe range of fibrosis might influence the therapeutic response to anti-TNF treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of ultrasound elasticity imaging to predict the therapeutic outcome for CD patients...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904585/is-it-the-monster-teratoma-or-simply-meningomyelocele-our-experience-of-histological-surprise
#12
Suyash Singh, Jayesh Sardhara, Pradeep Sharma, Arun Kumar Srivastava, Kuntal Kanti Das, Kamlesh S Bhaisora, Anant Mehrotra, Awadhesh Kumar Jaiswal, Sanjay Behari, Raj Kumar
Teratomas are one of the most common tumors in newborn with excellent prognosis arises from totipotent primordial germ cells harboring two or three germ cell layers. The tumor has been titled "Great masquerade." The teratomas of sacrococcygeal region present with lower limb weakness, urinary or bowel obstruction, and swelling at lower back or intrauterine mass in ultrasound or complicated delivery. A 2-month-old male child presented with complaints of swelling over lumbosacral region with discharging punctum since birth...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892976/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-duodenal-lipoma-a-systematic-review-and-a-case-report
#13
REVIEW
Mao Wei Pei, Ming Rong Hu, Wen Bin Chen, Chao Qin
INTRODUCTION: Duodenal lipoma is very rare with limited case reports present in literature. Owing to recent advances in endoscopy and modern imaging techniques, more cases are being diagnosed and treated. However, no systematic study of duodenal lipomas has been reported. AIM: To study the diagnosis and treatment of duodenal lipoma in a female patient and review the relative literatures to enhance the knowledge of it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search for 'duodenal lipoma' was performed on PubMed...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892033/ultrasound-guided-intracardiac-injection-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-to-increase-homing-to-the-intestine-for-use-in-murine-models-of-experimental-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#14
Maneesh Dave, Paola Menghini, Keiki Sugi, Rodrigo A Somoza, Zhenghong Lee, Mukesh Jain, Arnold Caplan, Fabio Cominelli
Crohn's disease (CD) is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the small and large intestines. Murine and human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have immunosuppressive potential and have been shown to suppress inflammation in mouse models of intestinal inflammation, even though the route of administration can limit their homing and effectiveness (1)(,)(3)(,)(4)(,)(5). Local application of MSCs to colonic injury models has shown greater efficacy at ameliorating inflammation in the colon. However, there is paucity of data on techniques to enhance the localization of human bone marrow-derived MSCs (hMSCs) to the small intestine, the site of inflammation in the SAMP-1/YitFc (SAMP) model of experimental Crohn's disease...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816297/-perirenal-cystic-lymphangioma-in-an-adult-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
W He, Y C Hao, H Z Xia, R Z Ma, B Yang, J Lu
Lymphangioma is a rare, benign mesenchymal neoplasm, which is characterized by numerous intercommunicating cystic spaces containing lymphatic fluid. It is considered a congenital disease resulting from the obstruction of regional lymph drainage during the developmental period. Lymphangioma frequently occurs in the cervical neck and axilla, also in the retroperitoneum, mediastinum, mesentery, omentum, colon, and pelvis, rarely in the perirenal space. These tumors usually present in childhood, but infrequently, these also present in adults...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812000/diagnostic-imaging-features-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Francesco Esposito, Rosanna Mamone, Marco Di Serafino, Carmela Mercogliano, Valerio Vitale, Gianfranco Vallone, Patrizia Oresta
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an inflammatory process, characterized by intestinal necrosis of variable extension, leading to perforation, generalized peritonitis and death. The classical pathogenetic theory focuses on mucosal damage related to a stress induced intestinal ischemia leading to mucosal injury and bacterial colonization of the wall. A more recent hypothesis emphasizes the role of immaturity of gastrointestinal and immune system, particularly of the premature, responsible of bowel wall vulnerability and suffering...
June 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782667/features-of-autoimmune-pancreatitis-associated-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#17
Diane Lorenzo, Frédérique Maire, Carmen Stefanescu, Jean-Marc Gornet, Philippe Seksik, Mélanie Serrero, Barbara Bournet, Philippe Marteau, Aurelien Amiot, David Laharie, Caroline Trang, Benoit Coffin, Guy Bellaiche, Guillaume Cadiot, Catherine Reenaers, Antoine Racine, Stephanie Viennot, Arnaud Pauwels, Guillaume Bouguen, Guillaume Savoye, Anne-Laure Pelletier, Guillaume Pineton de Chambrun, Pierre Lahmek, Stéphane Nahon, Vered Abitbol
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Few people know of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), a rare disorder associated with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). We aimed to describe phenotype and outcomes of IBD and AIP when associated. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of cases of AIP in IBD identified from the multicenter Groupe d'Etude Thérapeutique des Affections Inflammatoires du tube Digestif in Belgium and France from July 2012 through July 2015. Patients were diagnosed with AIP based on the International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria for AIP...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752137/echocardiographic-epicardial-fat-thickness-measurement-a-new-screening-test-for-subclinic-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#18
Kamil Ozdil, Zuhal Caliskan, Nursen Keles, Oguzhan Ozturk, Ahmet Selami Tekin, Resul Kahraman, Levent Doganay, Kenan Demircioglu, Yusuf Yilmaz, Mustafa Caliskan
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) consist of a number of chronic inflammatory diseases. Inflammatory process is known to be involved in all stages of atherosclerosis. Early atherosclerosis is reflected by increased levels of carotid artery intima media thickness (c-IMT) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). Epicardial fat thickness (EFT) strongly influences both the formation and progression of atherosclerosis. Recent studies have demonstrated a relationship between c-IMT and hs-CRP levels and the risk of atherosclerosis in patients with IBD...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737951/monitoring-of-small-bowel-crohn-s-disease
#19
Uri Kopylov, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Eyal Klang, Dan Carter, Shomron Ben-Horin, Rami Eliakim
In recent years, the therapeutic paradigm in Crohn's disease has shifted from a mere symptom-oriented approach, to aiming to healing of the underlying inflammation and prevention of long-term structural complications. Such 'treat-to-target' approach may allow for a more stable disease course with less hospitalizations, lower requirement for surgery and improved quality of life. In Crohn's disease, the small bowel is affected in the majority of patients; frequently, Crohn's involves only the small bowel, which remains inaccessible to conventional ileocolonoscopic techniques...
November 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716870/necrotising-enterocolitis-after-supraventricular-tachycardia-an-unusual-precursor-to-a-common-problem
#20
Jennie Saini, Aideen Moore, Kate Hodgson
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the most common neonatal arrhythmia. Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a disease with multifactorial aetiology, most common in preterm infants. There are three previous case reports in the literature of NEC following neonatal SVT. We present two cases of late preterm infants with NEC, characterised by pneumatosis on abdominal X-ray and ultrasound, following recurrent SVT without haemodynamic instability. The infants were successfully treated with antibiotic therapy and bowel rest...
July 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
keyword
keyword
39774
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"