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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907356/effect-of-vegetarian-diets-on-the-presentation-of-metabolic-syndrome-or-its-components-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Maria C Picasso, Jessica A Lo-Tayraco, Juselly M Ramos-Villanueva, Vinay Pasupuleti, Adrian V Hernandez
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several studies have examined the effect of vegetarian diets (VD) on metabolic syndrome (MetS) or its components, but findings have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies to assess the association between VD and MetS or its components (systolic blood pressure [SBP], diastolic blood pressure [DBP], fasting glucose triglycerides, waist circumference [WC], HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C)) in adults...
June 6, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897170/further-delineation-of-malan-syndrome
#2
Manuela Priolo, Denny Schanze, Katrin Tatton-Brown, Paul A Mulder, Jair Tenorio, Kreepa Kooblall, Inés Hernández Acero, Fowzan S Alkuraya, Pedro Arias, Laura Bernardini, Emilia K Bijlsma, Trevor Cole, Christine Coubes, Irene Dapia, Sally Davies, Nataliya Di Donato, Nursel H Elcioglu, Jill A Fahrner, Alison Foster, Noelia García González, Ilka Huber, Maria Iascone, Ann-Sophie Kaiser, Arveen Kamath, Jan Liebelt, Sally Ann Lynch, Saskia M Maas, Corrado Mammì, Inge B Mathijssen, Shane McKee, Leonie A Menke, Ghayda M Mirzaa, Tara Montgomery, Dorothee Neubauer, Thomas E Neumann, Letizia Pintomalli, Maria Antonietta Pisanti, Astrid S Plomp, Sue Price, Claire Salter, Fernando Santos-Simarro, Pierre Sarda, Mabel Segovia, Charles Shaw-Smith, Sarah Smithson, Mohnish Suri, Rita Maria Valdez, Arie Van Haeringen, Johanna M Van Hagen, Marcela Zollino, Pablo Lapunzina, Rajesh V Thakker, Martin Zenker, Raoul C Hennekam
Malan syndrome is an overgrowth disorder described in a limited number of individuals. We aim to delineate the entity by studying a large group of affected individuals. We gathered data on 45 affected individuals with a molecularly confirmed diagnosis through an international collaboration and compared data to the 35 previously reported individuals. Results indicate that height is > 2 SDS in infancy and childhood but in only half of affected adults. Cardinal facial characteristics include long, triangular face, macrocephaly, prominent forehead, everted lower lip and prominent chin...
June 13, 2018: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896130/25-hz-magnetic-seizure-therapy-is-feasible-but-not-optimal-for-chinese-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-case-series
#3
Jiangling Jiang, Qingwei Li, Jianhua Sheng, Fuzhong Yang, Xinyi Cao, Tianhong Zhang, Yuping Jia, Jijun Wang, Chunbo Li
Magnetic seizure therapy (MST) is a potential alternative to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), but there is currently a lack of reports about MST in Chinese patients with schizophrenia. Our objective was to investigate the feasibility and acceptability of add-on MST in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia. Eight patients with schizophrenia were enrolled in a case series study to receive 10 sessions of add-on MST over 4 weeks. The MST was administrated using 25 Hz at 100% output with a titration duration ranging from 4 to 20 s by 4 s...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892697/social-capital-and-hiv-aids-in-the-united-states-knowledge-gaps-and-future-directions
#4
Yusuf Ransome, Katherine A Thurber, Melody Swen, Natalie D Crawford, Danielle German, Lorraine T Dean
Purpose: Social capital is a well-established predictor of several behavioral health outcomes. However, we know less about the relationship with prevention, transmission, and treatment of HIV/AIDS outcomes in the United States (US). Methods: In 2017, we conducted a scoping review of empirical studies investigating the relationships between social capital and HIV/AIDS in the US by searching PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Sociological Abstracts with no restriction on publication date, for articles in English language...
August 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886578/use-of-dietary-management-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-results-of-a-survey-of-over-1500-united-states-gastroenterologists
#5
Adrienne Lenhart, Courtney Ferch, Michael Shaw, William D Chey
Background/Aims: Dietary therapy is increasingly used to manage gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We aim to gauge United States gastroenterologists' perceptions of dietary therapies for IBS. Methods: We distributed a 22-question survey to members of the American College of Gastroenterology. The survey was developed by gastroenterologists and survey methodologists. We collected information pertaining to demographics, providers' interpretation of their patients' views on dietary therapy, and gastroenterologists' perceptions on dietary therapy, and nutritional counseling in IBS...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877737/clevidipine-as-a-therapeutic-and-cost-effective-alternative-to-sodium-nitroprusside-in-patients-with-acute-aortic-syndromes
#6
Carlos L Alviar, Alejandra Gutierrez, Leslie Cho, Amar Krishnaswamy, Amr Saleh, Michael A Lincoff, Eric Roselli, Michael Militello, Venu Menon
BACKGROUND: Sodium nitroprusside is the preferred agent for the treatment of high blood pressure during acute aortic syndrome if blood pressure remains elevated after heart rate control with beta-blockers. The increasing cost of sodium nitroprusside in the USA led us to assess the efficacy and safety of intravenous clevidipine, a calcium channel blocker with quick onset of action, short half-life and significantly lower costs than sodium nitroprusside, in patients presenting with acute aortic syndrome...
June 1, 2018: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875419/secondary-findings-from-next-generation-sequencing-what-does-actionable-in-childhood-really-mean
#7
Julie Richer, Anne-Marie Laberge
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the definition of actionability of secondary findings in childhood, using a screening framework. METHODS: For 31 disorders on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics SF v.2.0 list, World Health Organization screening criteria were applied to assess actionability in childhood. RESULTS: The age of onset was variable. We categorized disorders based on the proportion of cases that presented in childhood: rare (n = 6), fewer than half the cases (n = 9), the majority of cases (n = 12), or unclear (n = 4)...
June 6, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874242/chikungunya-outbreak-2017-in-bangladesh-clinical-profile-economic-impact-and-quality-of-life-during-the-acute-phase-of-the-disease
#8
Mohammad Sorowar Hossain, Md Mahbub Hasan, Muhammad Sougatul Islam, Salequl Islam, Miliva Mozaffor, Md Abdullah Saeed Khan, Nova Ahmed, Waheed Akhtar, Shahanaz Chowdhury, S M Yasir Arafat, Md Abdul Khaleque, Zohora Jameela Khan, Tashmim Farhana Dipta, Shah Md Zahurul Haque Asna, Md Akram Hossain, Km Sultanul Aziz, Abdullah Al Mosabbir, Enayetur Raheem
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus causes mosquito-transmitted infection that leads to extensive morbidity affecting substantial quality of life. Disease associated morbidity, quality of life, and financial loss are seldom reported in resources limited countries, such as Bangladesh. We reported the acute clinical profile, quality of life and consequent economic burden of the affected individuals in the recent chikungunya outbreak (May to September 2017) in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study during the peak of chikungunya outbreak (July 24 to August 5, 2017) to document the clinical profiles of confirmed cases (laboratory test positive) and probable cases diagnosed by medical practitioners...
June 6, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858280/blocking-properdin-prevents-complement-mediated-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-and-systemic-thrombophilia
#9
Yoshiyasu Ueda, Takashi Miwa, Damodar Gullipalli, Sayaka Sato, Daisuke Ito, Hangsoo Kim, Matthew Palmer, Wen-Chao Song
Background Properdin (P) is a positive regulator of the alternative pathway of complement activation. Although P inhibition is expected and has been shown to ameliorate the alternative pathway of complement-mediated tissue injury in several disease models, it unexpectedly exacerbated renal injury in a murine model of C3 glomerulopathy. The role of P in atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is uncertain. Methods We blocked P function by genetic deletion or mAb-mediated inhibition in mice carrying a factor H (FH) point mutation, W1206R (FHR/R ), that causes aHUS and systemic thrombophilia with high mortality...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845825/managing-fertile-women-under-lithium-treatment-the-challenge-of-a-teratology-information-service
#10
Caterina Neri, Carmen De Luca, Luisa D'oria, Angelo Licameli, Marta Nucci, Marcella Pellegrino, Alessandro Caruso, Marco De Santis
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study is to review the literature regarding the management of fertile patients under lithium treatment for bipolar disorder and to report the experience of our Teratology Information Service over the past thirteen years in managing women treated with lithium during preconception, pregnancy and breastfeeding. METHODS: This research focuses on a selective review of the literature and a retrospective survey has been carried out on fertile women under lithium treatment who called our service at A...
June 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806327/-effectiveness-of-wrist-tube-inside-and-outside-releasing-for-treating-median-nerve-double-entrapment-at-wrist
#11
Huanyou Yang, Bin Wang, Ruiguo Li, Zhiwang Liu, Jian Zhang, Song Jia
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of wrist tube inside and outside releasing for treating median nerve double entrapment at wrist. Methods: Thirty-one patients of median nerve double entrapment at wrist were treated between April 2011 and May 2014. There were 8 males and 23 females with an age of 33-69 years (mean, 56.4 years). In palm lateral three and a half finger, the two-point discrimination was 7-14 mm (mean, 9.5 mm), in which 24 cases were 4-10 mm and 7 cases were more than 10 mm...
October 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803894/impact-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-ssris-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-a-focus-on-short-and-long-term-vascular-effects
#12
REVIEW
S Zullino, T Simoncini
SSRIs are the first choice for the treatment of mood disorders during pregnancy and lactation. Despite the known side effects, the benefits/risks balance suggests their use. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are the main vascular effects of these drugs, with mechanisms that involves endothelial dysfunction in feto-placental system. These data are supported by animal models, even if preliminary findings are not yet adequately supported by molecular and clinical data...
May 24, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803280/atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
Bradley P Dixon, Ralph A Gruppo
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome is a rare life-threatening disease of unregulated complement activation. Untreated, the prognosis is generally poor; more than one-half of patients die or develop end-stage renal disease within 1 year. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome is characterized by thrombotic microangiopathy with evidence of hemolysis, thrombocytopenia, and renal impairment. This systemic disease affects the kidneys, brain, heart, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, and skin. Acquired and genetic abnormalities of complement regulation may be identified in approximately 70% of patients...
June 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798073/-expression-and-significance-of-serum-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#14
C B Xie, X Q Huang, P Wu, X Luo, J He, J F Zeng, W Wang, Y Y Tang
Objective: To investigate the expression and significance of serum insulinlike growth factor-1(IGF-1) in adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS). Method: One hundred and seven patients of OSAHS diagnosed with PSG were included in the observation group,which were divided into heavy, medium and light group according to AHI.Fifty case of healthy people without OSAHS were included in control group.Serum IGF-1 were measured by ELISA. Thirty patients of heavy OSAHS received surgery and CPAP treatment for three months,and were retested the levels of IGF-1 and PSG six months later...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775697/prodrome-and-non-prodrome-phenotypes-of-bladder-pain-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis
#15
John W Warren, Ningbo Jian, Lisa Gallicchio, David Wu, Daniel J Clauw
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that risk factors for BPS/IC in women differ between those with and without the BPS/IC prodrome. METHODS: Incident cases of BPS/IC and healthy controls were recruited nationally. More than half the BPS/IC cases reported subsyndromal urinary symptoms for decades before onset of BPS/IC and were identified as having the prodrome. Risk factors for BPS/IC were examined separately for cases with and without the prodrome using a set of matched controls...
May 15, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773281/-cutaneous-and-systemic-t-cell-lymphoma-treated-with-haploidentical-bone-marrow-transplantation
#16
M Méchineaud, M Mercier, Y Le Corre, A Croué, N Ifrah, L Martin
BACKGROUND: Herein, we report a case of systemic cutaneous T-cell lymphoma refractory to standard therapy, the course of which resulted in haplo-identical bone marrow grafting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 53-year-old woman consulted for facial erythema with infiltration, keratotic lesions on the trunk, and adenopathies measuring around 1cm on the axilla and inguinal folds. A diagnosis was made of Sézary syndrome (SS), a leukaemic form of epidermotropic cutaneous T-cell lymphoma...
May 14, 2018: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770499/sixteen-and-a-half-syndrome-a-variant-in-the-spectrum-of-fisher-s-one-and-a-half-syndrome
#17
Christopher J Borgman, Alex M Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764897/diagnostic-yield-of-genetic-testing-in-young-athletes-with-t-wave-inversion
#18
Nabeel Sheikh, Michael Papadakis, Mathew Wilson, Aneil Malhotra, Carmen Adamuz, Tessa Homfray, Lorenzo Monserrat, Elijah R Behr, Sanjay Sharma
Background -T-wave inversion (TWI) is common in patients with cardiomyopathy. However, up to 25% of athletes of African/Afro-Caribbean descent (black athletes) and 5% of white athletes also have TWI of unclear clinical significance despite comprehensive clinical evaluation and long-term follow-up. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic yield from genetic testing, beyond clinical evaluation, when investigating athletes with TWI. Methods -We investigated 50 consecutive asymptomatic black and 50 white athletes aged 14-35-years-old with TWI and a normal echocardiogram who were referred to a UK tertiary center for cardiomyopathy and sports cardiology...
May 15, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761167/phenotypic-spectrum-and-diagnostic-pitfalls-of-abcb4-deficiency-depending-on-age-of-onset
#19
Stephanie Barbara Schatz, Christoph Jüngst, Verena Keitel-Anselmo, Ralf Kubitz, Christina Becker, Patrick Gerner, Eva-Doreen Pfister, Imeke Goldschmidt, Norman Junge, Daniel Wenning, Stephan Gehring, Stefan Arens, Dirk Bretschneider, Dirk Grothues, Guido Engelmann, Frank Lammert, Ulrich Baumann
Genetic variants in the adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette subfamily B member 4 ( ABCB4 ) gene, which encodes hepatocanalicular phosphatidylcholine floppase, can lead to different phenotypes, such as progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) type 3, low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis, and intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. The aim of this multicenter project was to collect information on onset and progression of this entity in different age groups and to assess the relevance of this disease for the differential diagnosis of chronic liver disease...
May 2018: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754866/outpatient-pharmacotherapy-for-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#20
Faouzi I Maalouf, William O Cooper, James C Slaughter, Judith Dudley, Stephen W Patrick
OBJECTIVE: To determine differences in lengths of stay, length of therapy, emergency department (ED) utilization, and hospital readmissions between infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) treated exclusively with inpatient pharmacotherapy compared with those discharged on outpatient pharmacotherapy. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study of infants enrolled in the Tennessee Medicaid program used administrative and vital records data from 2009 to 2011...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
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