keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cranial nerve III palsy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534340/imaging-of-cranial-nerves-iii-iv-vi-in-congenital-cranial-dysinnervation-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Jae Hyoung Kim, Jeong Min Hwang
Congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders are a group of diseases caused by abnormal development of cranial nerve nuclei or their axonal connections, resulting in aberrant innervation of the ocular and facial musculature. Its diagnosis could be facilitated by the development of high resolution thin-section magnetic resonance imaging. The purpose of this review is to describe the method to visualize cranial nerves III, IV, and VI and to present the imaging findings of congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders including congenital oculomotor nerve palsy, congenital trochlear nerve palsy, Duane retraction syndrome, Möbius syndrome, congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles, synergistic divergence, and synergistic convergence...
May 12, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453162/transposition-of-both-oblique-muscles-combined-with-lateral-rectus-botulinum-toxin-injection-and-globe-fixation-suture-in-the-treatment-of-congenital-cranial-nerve-iii-palsy
#2
Orwa Nasser, Richard W Hertle, Boonkit Purt, Shawn Martin
The authors report a new technique to treat complete cranial nerve III palsy. A 15-year-old girl underwent botulinum toxin injection into the lateral rectus muscle, nasal transposition of both the superior and inferior oblique muscles to the medial rectus insertion, and absorbable suture globe fixation to the nasal orbital periosteum. Six months postoperatively, her primary position eye deviation was within 12 prism diopters of orthotropia with limitation of ductions in all directions. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451716/-interventional-radiology-in-the-head-and-neck-region
#3
C Mayer, E Hattingen, H Schild, F Bootz, A Schröck
In interventional neuroradiology, endovascular embolization represents an important and helpful tool in the treatment of multiple head and neck diseases. These interventional procedures may be performed with curative intent, to reduce the surgical risk within a multimodal treatment concept, or to improve or at least maintain a good quality of life within a palliative therapy concept. In addition to a good understanding of disease pathology, knowledge of vascular anatomy, including collateral vessels and dangerous extracranial-intracranial anastomoses, is essential for successful treatment, as is implementation of an established technique using appropriate material...
April 27, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299356/an-exome-sequencing-study-of-moebius-syndrome-including-atypical-cases-reveals-an-individual-with-cfeom3a-and-a-tubb3-mutation
#4
Ronak M Patel, David Liu, Claudia Gonzaga-Jauregui, Shalini Jhangiani, James T Lu, V Reid Sutton, Susan D Fernbach, Mahshid Azamian, Lisa White, Jane C Edmond, Evelyn A Paysse, John W Belmont, Donna Muzny, James R Lupski, Richard A Gibbs, Richard Alan Lewis, Brendan H Lee, Seema R Lalani, Philippe M Campeau
Moebius syndrome is characterized by congenital unilateral or bilateral facial and abducens nerve palsies (sixth and seventh cranial nerves) causing facial weakness, feeding difficulties, and restricted ocular movements. Abnormalities of the chest wall such as Poland anomaly and variable limb defects are frequently associated with this syndrome. Most cases are isolated; however, rare families with autosomal dominant transmission with incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity have been described. The genetic basis of this condition remains unknown...
March 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120771/diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-gliomas-in-children-interest-of-robotic-frameless-assisted-biopsy-a-technical-note
#5
H A Coca, H Cebula, M Benmekhbi, M P Chenard, N Entz-Werle, F Proust
INTRODUCTION: Diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPG) constitute 10-15% of all brain tumors in the pediatric population; currently prognosis remains poor, with an overall survival of 7-14 months. Recently the indication of DIPG biopsy has been enlarged due to the development of molecular biology and various ongoing clinical and therapeutic trials. Classically a biopsy is performed using a stereotactic frame assisted procedure but the workflow may sometimes be heavy and more complex especially in children...
December 2016: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928382/isolated-fourth-nerve-palsy-in-tuberculous-meningitis
#6
María García-Zamora, Hortensia Sánchez-Tocino, Ana Villanueva-Gómez, José Miguel Angles-Deza, Elena Pérez-Gutierrez
Tuberculous meningitis is a type of subacute meningitis and like other intracranial processes can compromise ocular motor nerves, causing palsies. Trochlear nerve is an unusual isolated manifestation in this type of pathology. The authors report a 5-year-old boy presented in their clinic with a trochlear nerve palsy as unique neurological manifestation of tuberculous meningitis. Treatment with complete anti-tuberculous therapy and botulinum A toxin was needed to get the complete resolution of the nerve palsy...
February 2016: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911430/-clinical-presentations-of-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-diagnosis-and-therapy
#7
G M Chernakova, E A Kleshcheva, T B Semenova
Approximately a quarter of the world's population at some point in life is at risk of developing shingles (Herpes Zoster). In 10-20% of cases the first branch of the trigeminal nerve gets involved (Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus, HZO). Ophthalmic complications of HZO are able to cause a significant reduction in visual function. AIM: To study and summarize clinical features of HZO (including the rate of complications and their nature) and to determine the relationship between clinical and laboratory data from these patients...
2016: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882903/results-of-hemihypoglossal-facial-nerve-anastomosis-in-the-treatment-of-facial-nerve-paralysis-after-failed-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-vestibular-schwannoma
#8
Tomasz A Dziedzic, Przemysław Kunert, Andrzej Marchel
Vestibular schwannoma treatment with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) carries a risk of facial nerve (CNVII) palsy that is lower than that with microneurosurgery. The results of hemihypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis (HHFA) have not been described yet in CNVII palsy after failed stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Here we report a case series of the first four consecutive patients (three women; average age 58.5, age range: 46-74), who underwent HHFA due to failed SRS. All patients were admitted because of progressive peripheral facial nerve palsy...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846186/ocular-motor-palsy-after-spinal-puncture
#9
Monica Del-Rio-Vellosillo, José J Garcia-Medina, Maria Dolores Pinazo-Duran, Antonio Abengochea-Cotaina, Manuel Barbera-Alacreu
Ocular motor palsy is a rare but alarming complication of subarachnoid puncture. In order to better understand this condition, a literature search was performed in English of PubMed articles for cranial nerves III, IV, and VI palsies after spinal puncture. Sixty-five articles (dated 1930-2015) were identified, and 114 cases were obtained for analysis. Subarachnoid anesthesia was the most frequent cause (45.6%), with a higher incidence for females than males. The age of patients was 40.24 ± 13.35 years (age range, 6-71 years)...
January 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833982/an-evaluation-on-multidisciplinary-management-of-carotid-body-paragangliomas-a-report-of-seven-cases
#10
Dragoş Cătălin Jianu, Silviana Nina Jianu, Andrei Gheorghe Marius Motoc, Traian Flavius Dan, Mărioara Poenaru, Sorina Tăban, Octavian Marius CreŢu
Carotid body paragangliomas (CBPGLs) are a rare neoplasms of the neuroendocrine system that affect the carotid glomus. The aim of this study is to improve their management in our Departments. This retrospective analysis reports family history, clinical presentation, imaging diagnostics, Shamblin classification, surgical treatment, complications, and the outcome of seven patients with CBPGLs. All lesions were represented by a painless cervical mass, with no functional or bilateral neck tumors. One patient had two different localizations (the second one was a glomus tumor of the right prelachrymal sac), and a family history for CBPGL...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833694/large-posterior-communicating-artery-aneurysm-initial-presentation-with-reproducible-facial-pain-without-cranial-nerve-deficit
#11
Stacie Zelman, Michael C Goebel, David E Manthey, Seth Hawkins
Unruptured posterior communicating artery (PCOM) aneurysms can be difficult to diagnose and, when large (≥ 7mm), represent a substantial risk to the patient. While most unruptured PCOM aneurysms are asymptomatic, when symptoms do occur, clinical manifestations typically include severe headache (HA), visual acuity loss, and cranial nerve deficit. This case report describes an atypical initial presentation of a large unruptured PCOM aneurysm with symptoms mimicking trigeminal neuralgia, without other associated cranial nerve palsies or neurologic deficits...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552350/restoration-of-vision-after-brain-injury-using-magnet-glasses
#12
Kevin E Houston, Eleftherios I Paschalis, Danielle C Angueira, P Matthew Bronstad, Anna M Barrett, Mary Alexis Iaccarino
Visual impairments are common after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and negatively affect quality of life. We describe a 39-year-old woman with a severe TBI who was evaluated by the inpatient optometry and vision rehabilitation service with findings of complete right homonymous hemianopia and right cranial nerve III palsy with 30-degree right exotropia (eye turn out) and complete right ptosis (eyelid will not open). The 30-degree exotropia advantageously generated 30 degrees of right visual field expansion when the right ptosis was treated with a magnetic levator prosthesis, which restores eyelid opening...
April 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498818/a-case-of-possible-paraneoplastic-neurological-syndrome-presenting-as-multiple-cranial-nerve-palsies-associated-with-gallbladder-cancer
#13
Misako Kaido, Yoshihito Yuasa, Tameyoshi Yamamoto, Satoru Munakata, Naohiro Tagawa, Keiko Tanaka
We report the case of a patient who had developed multiple cranial nerve palsies in the course of possible paraneoplastic neurological syndrome (PNS) associated with gallbladder cancer. Twelve days prior to visiting our hospital, a 69-year-old man began experiencing neurological symptoms, beginning with diplopia and progressing to ptosis of the left palpebra and subsequent complete closure of the eye within 8 days. Results of the initial medical examination indicated paresis of left oculomotor (III) and abducens (VI) nerves...
September 29, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449153/assessment-of-the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-ophthalmoplegia-among-diabetic-patients-in-a-large-national-diabetes-registry-cohort
#14
Eman S Al Kahtani, Rajiv Khandekar, Khalid Al-Rubeaan, Amira M Youssef, Heba M Ibrahim, Ahmed H Al-Sharqawi
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the epidemiology and risk factors of ophthalmoplegia among diabetic patients. This study aims to determine the prevalence and important risk factors related to ophthalmoplegia among diabetic patients. METHODS: This is an observational registry-based study using the Saudi National Diabetes Registry (SNDR) database to select diabetic patients regardless of their diabetes type. A total of 64,351 Saudi diabetic patients aged more than 18 years and registered in SNDR between January 2000 and December 2010 were analyzed to identify ophthalmoplegic cases...
July 22, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27284496/management-of-intracranial-meningiomas-using-keyhole-techniques
#15
Joshua D Burks, Andrew K Conner, Phillip A Bonney, Jacob B Archer, Blake Christensen, Jacqueline Smith, Sam Safavi-Abbasi, Michael Sughrue
BACKGROUND: Keyhole craniotomies are increasingly being used for lesions of the skull base. Here we review our recent experience with these approaches for resection of intracranial meningiomas. METHODS: Clinical and operative data were gathered on all patients treated with keyhole approaches by the senior author from January 2012 to June 2013. Thirty-one meningiomas were resected in 27 patients, including 9 supratentorial, 5 anterior fossa, 7 middle fossa, 6 posterior fossa, and 4 complex skull base tumors...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260152/moebius-syndrome-clinical-features-diagnosis-management-and-early-intervention
#16
Odoardo Picciolini, Matteo Porro, Elisa Cattaneo, Silvia Castelletti, Giuseppe Masera, Fabio Mosca, Maria Francesca Bedeschi
BACKGROUND: Moebius syndrome (MBS) is rare disease characterized by nonprogressive congenital uni- or bi-lateral facial (i. e. VII cranial nerve) and abducens (i. e. VI cranial nerve) palsy. Although the neurological and ophthalmological findings are quite well-known, data concerning the attendant functional difficulties and their changes over time are seldom addressed. In this study we attempt to estimate the prevalence of clinical and functional data in an Italian cohort affected by MBS...
June 3, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128582/endoscopic-endonasal-surgery-for-nonadenomatous-nonmeningeal-pathology-involving-the-cavernous-sinus
#17
Aikaterini Patrona, Kunal S Patel, Evan D Bander, Alpesh Mehta, Apostolos John Tsiouris, Vijay K Anand, Theodore H Schwartz
OBJECTIVE Surgery within the cavernous sinus (CS) remains a controversial topic because of the delicate and complex anatomy. The risk also varies with tumor consistency. Softer tumors such as pituitary adenomas are more likely to be surgically treated, while firm tumors such as meningiomas are often treated with radiosurgery. However, a wide range of pathologies that can involve the CS are amenable to surgery. The authors describe and analyze their results using endonasal endoscopic "medial-to-lateral" approaches for nonadenomatous, nonmeningeal tumors, in relation to the degree of invasion within the CS...
April 29, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094524/prevalence-and-outcome-of-headache-in-tuberculous-meningitis
#18
Sanjeev Kumar, Rajesh Verma, Ravindra K Garg, Hardeep S Malhotra, Praveen K Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate headache severity, and its correlation with clinical, cerebrospinal fluid, and neuroimaging parameters of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) patients, and its impact on outcome. METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted at King George`s Medical University, Lucknow, India between October 2012 and March 2014. Ninety-five newly diagnosed TBM patients underwent detailed clinical, laboratory, and neuroimaging evaluation. A numeric rating scale was used to assess the headache severity, and patients were grouped into mild, moderate, severe, and intolerable groups...
April 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070421/meninigiomas-of-the-craniocervical-junction-a-distinctive-subgroup-of-meningiomas
#19
Lasse Dührsen, Pedram Emami, Jakob Matschke, Tammam Abboud, Manfred Westphal, Jan Regelsberger
OBJECTIVE: Meningioma of the cranio-cervical junction is a rare diagnosis and demand a thorough surgical planning as radical excision of these tumors is difficult. In this context recurrence is most likely due to regrowth of residual tumor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical course of patients operated for craniocervical meningioma (CCM) and to investigate the histological features of these tumors and their impact on recurrence rate. METHODS: All patients who were operated for CCM at our institution between 2003 and 2012 were identified...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26987592/the-accuracy-of-the-edinburgh-diplopia-diagnostic-algorithm
#20
L Butler, T Yap, M Wright
PurposeTo assess the diagnostic accuracy of the Edinburgh diplopia diagnostic algorithm.MethodsThis was a prospective study. Details of consecutive patients referred to ophthalmology clinics at Falkirk Community Hospital and Princess Alexandra Eye Pavilion, Edinburgh, with double vision were collected by the clinician first seeing the patient and passed to the investigators. The investigators then assessed the patient using the algorithm. An assessment of the degree of concordance between the 'algorithm assisted' diagnosis and the 'gold standard' diagnosis, made by a consultant ophthalmologist was then carried out...
June 2016: Eye
keyword
keyword
39768
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"