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cranial nerve III palsy

Kevin E Houston, Eleftherios I Pachalis, Danielle C Angueira, P Matthew Bronstad, Anna M Barrett, Mary Alexis Iaccarino
Visual impairments are common after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and negatively affect quality of life. We describe a 39-year-old woman with a severe TBI who was evaluated by the inpatient optometry and vision rehabilitation service with findings of complete right homonymous hemianopia and right cranial nerve III palsy with 30-degree right exotropia (eye turn out) and complete right ptosis (eyelid will not open). The 30-degree exotropia advantageously generated 30 degrees of right visual field expansion when the right ptosis was treated with a magnetic levator prosthesis, which restores eyelid opening...
August 22, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Misako Kaido, Yoshihito Yuasa, Tameyoshi Yamamoto, Satoru Munakata, Naohiro Tagawa, Keiko Tanaka
We report the case of a patient who had developed multiple cranial nerve palsies in the course of possible paraneoplastic neurological syndrome (PNS) associated with gallbladder cancer. Twelve days prior to visiting our hospital, a 69-year-old man began experiencing neurological symptoms, beginning with diplopia and progressing to ptosis of the left palpebra and subsequent complete closure of the eye within 8 days. Results of the initial medical examination indicated paresis of left oculomotor (III) and abducens (VI) nerves...
September 29, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Eman S Al Kahtani, Rajiv Khandekar, Khalid Al-Rubeaan, Amira M Youssef, Heba M Ibrahim, Ahmed H Al-Sharqawi
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the epidemiology and risk factors of ophthalmoplegia among diabetic patients. This study aims to determine the prevalence and important risk factors related to ophthalmoplegia among diabetic patients. METHODS: This is an observational registry-based study using the Saudi National Diabetes Registry (SNDR) database to select diabetic patients regardless of their diabetes type. A total of 64,351 Saudi diabetic patients aged more than 18 years and registered in SNDR between January 2000 and December 2010 were analyzed to identify ophthalmoplegic cases...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Joshua D Burks, Andrew K Conner, Phillip A Bonney, Jacob B Archer, Blake Christensen, Jacqueline Smith, Sam Safavi-Abbasi, Michael Sughrue
BACKGROUND: Keyhole craniotomies are increasingly being used for lesions of the skull base. Here we review our recent experience with these approaches for resection of intracranial meningiomas. METHODS: Clinical and operative data were gathered on all patients treated with keyhole approaches by the senior author from January 2012 to June 2013. Thirty-one meningiomas were resected in 27 patients, including 9 supratentorial, 5 anterior fossa, 7 middle fossa, 6 posterior fossa, and 4 complex skull base tumors...
2016: Curēus
Odoardo Picciolini, Matteo Porro, Elisa Cattaneo, Silvia Castelletti, Giuseppe Masera, Fabio Mosca, Maria Francesca Bedeschi
BACKGROUND: Moebius syndrome (MBS) is rare disease characterized by nonprogressive congenital uni- or bi-lateral facial (i. e. VII cranial nerve) and abducens (i. e. VI cranial nerve) palsy. Although the neurological and ophthalmological findings are quite well-known, data concerning the attendant functional difficulties and their changes over time are seldom addressed. In this study we attempt to estimate the prevalence of clinical and functional data in an Italian cohort affected by MBS...
2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Aikaterini Patrona, Kunal S Patel, Evan D Bander, Alpesh Mehta, Apostolos John Tsiouris, Vijay K Anand, Theodore H Schwartz
OBJECTIVE Surgery within the cavernous sinus (CS) remains a controversial topic because of the delicate and complex anatomy. The risk also varies with tumor consistency. Softer tumors such as pituitary adenomas are more likely to be surgically treated, while firm tumors such as meningiomas are often treated with radiosurgery. However, a wide range of pathologies that can involve the CS are amenable to surgery. The authors describe and analyze their results using endonasal endoscopic "medial-to-lateral" approaches for nonadenomatous, nonmeningeal tumors, in relation to the degree of invasion within the CS...
April 29, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Sanjeev Kumar, Rajesh Verma, Ravindra K Garg, Hardeep S Malhotra, Praveen K Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate headache severity, and its correlation with clinical, cerebrospinal fluid, and neuroimaging parameters of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) patients, and its impact on outcome. METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted at King George`s Medical University, Lucknow, India between October 2012 and March 2014. Ninety-five newly diagnosed TBM patients underwent detailed clinical, laboratory, and neuroimaging evaluation. A numeric rating scale was used to assess the headache severity, and patients were grouped into mild, moderate, severe, and intolerable groups...
April 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Lasse Dührsen, Pedram Emami, Jakob Matschke, Tammam Abboud, Manfred Westphal, Jan Regelsberger
OBJECTIVE: Meningioma of the cranio-cervical junction is a rare diagnosis and demand a thorough surgical planning as radical excision of these tumors is difficult. In this context recurrence is most likely due to regrowth of residual tumor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical course of patients operated for craniocervical meningioma (CCM) and to investigate the histological features of these tumors and their impact on recurrence rate. METHODS: All patients who were operated for CCM at our institution between 2003 and 2012 were identified...
2016: PloS One
L Butler, T Yap, M Wright
PurposeTo assess the diagnostic accuracy of the Edinburgh diplopia diagnostic algorithm.MethodsThis was a prospective study. Details of consecutive patients referred to ophthalmology clinics at Falkirk Community Hospital and Princess Alexandra Eye Pavilion, Edinburgh, with double vision were collected by the clinician first seeing the patient and passed to the investigators. The investigators then assessed the patient using the algorithm. An assessment of the degree of concordance between the 'algorithm assisted' diagnosis and the 'gold standard' diagnosis, made by a consultant ophthalmologist was then carried out...
June 2016: Eye
Justin R Abbatemarco, Hussam A Yacoub
We describe isolated cranial nerve-III palsy as a rare clinical finding in a patient with perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage. In this unusual case, the patient presented with complete cranial nerve-III palsy including ptosis and pupillary involvement. Initial studies revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage in the perimesencephalic, prepontine, and interpeduncular cisterns. Angiographic studies were negative for an intracranial aneurysm. The patient's neurological deficits improved with no residual deficits on follow-up several months after initial presentation...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Guichen Li, Xiaobo Zhu, Yang Zhang, Jinchuan Zhao, Zhiguo Han, Kun Hou
OBJECTIVE: Cranial nerve palsy (CNP) secondary to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion is less familiar to us as a result of its rarity in incidence and insidiousness in presentation. This study aims to further expound the pathophysiological mechanism, clinical presentation, diagnosis, management and prognosis of CNP. METHODS: From June 2012 to February 2015, 5 of 347 consecutive patients with CNPs secondary to different CSF diversion procedures were treated at our institution...
April 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Takahiko Hirose, Hideto Nakajima, Tarou Shigekiyo, Taiji Yokote, Shimon Ishida, Fumiharu Kimura
We report the case of a 62-year-old man who presented with malignant lymphoma as recurrent multiple cranial nerve palsy after spontaneous regression of oculomotor nerve palsy. He developed ptosis and diplopia due to right oculomotor nerve palsy. Brain MRI/MRA showed no abnormality, and he recovered with conservative medical management. Three months later, he showed diplopia due to right abducens nerve palsy and facial pain and trigeminal sensory loss. Neurological examination revealed multiple cranial nerve palsy involved cranial nerve III, V, IX, and X of the right side...
2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Irfan Kaygusuz, Turgut Karlidag, Erol Keles, Sinasi Yalcin, Koray Yüksel
Although carotid body tumor (CBT) is a rare neoplasm, it should always be considered in differential diagnosis of lateral neck masses. We shared the 10 years of CBT experience in our clinic and started a discussion on CBT with literature support. A total of 21 patients with CBT diagnosis in Fırat University Hospital, Otorhinolaryngology Clinic, participated in the study. Patients were evaluated based on demographical data and particularities of the tumor. Participant patients were 19 women and 2 men, and their ages were between 21 and 79 (mean age 54...
October 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Carlos A Hinojosa, Laura J Ortiz-Lopez, Javier E Anaya-Ayala, Vicente Orozco-Sevilla, Ana E Nunez-Salgado
OBJECTIVE: Carotid body tumors (CBTs) are rare neoplasms. Complete surgical resection is the curative therapy and is considered the therapeutic gold standard. This study compared the retrocarotid dissection (RCD) technique with the standard caudocranial dissection (SCCD) technique in operative time, blood loss, vascular or nerve injuries, and hospital stay. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients with CBTs who underwent surgical treatment with the RCD technique at the National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition "Salvador Zubirán" in Mexico City from July 2007 to January 2013...
October 2015: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Christopher C Oh, Brent A Orr, Bruno Bernardi, Maria Luisa Garré, Andrea Rossi, Lorenzo Figà-Talamanca, Giles W Robinson, Zoltán Patay
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (ATRT) is a rare embryonal tumor of the central nervous system with preponderance in very young children, the majority of whom are younger than 3 years of age at diagnosis. Historically, outcomes of this aggressive disease, even with extensive multimodal therapy, have been dismal. Recent improvements have come from therapies directed exclusively towards ATRT, but misdiagnosis or delays in the correct diagnosis lead to significantly worse survival rates. ATRTs most commonly occur supratentorially but have been described in virtually all central nervous system locations, including the cerebellopontine angle cistern, meninges, and spinal canal, and extradural locations...
September 2015: Journal of Neuro-oncology
L Z Liu, Y M Zhang, Y Chen, L Li
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aim to analyse the different spreading patterns, prognostic factors and treatment outcomes of nasopharyngeal papillary adenocarcinoma (NPAC) and salivary gland-type carcinomas (NPCs). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANT: The current study report on a retrospective analysis of oncologic outcome of 76 pathologically confirmed consecutive cases of nasopharyngeal adenocarcinomas (NAC), including 31 NPAC, 33 adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACC) and 12 mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MEC)...
April 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Jun Zhang, Bai-Nan Xu, Yuan-Zheng Hou, Guo-Chen Sun, Yan Jiang
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in microsurgical technique and the use of intraoperative electrophysiological monitoring, the potential for facial and cochlear nerve injury remains a possibility in the resection of vestibular schwannomas (VS). We reviewed a series of 221 cases of VS resected via a retrosigmoid approach at our institution from October 2008 to April 2014 and determined the incidence of postoperative facial and cochlear deficits. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 221 patients - 105 (47...
2015: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
G Wysiadecki, S Orkisz, M Gałązkiewicz-Stolarczyk, P Brzeziński, M Polguj, M Topol
BACKGROUND: The sixth cranial nerve (CN VI) - or the abducens nerve - in humans supplies only the lateral rectus muscle. Due to its topographic conditions, including angulations and fixation points along its course from the brainstem to the lateral rectus muscle, the CN VI is vulnerable to injury. Every case of CN VI palsy requires precise diagnostics, which is facilitated by an understanding of the anatomy. The present article's aims include a detailed study of the intracranial course of the CN VI, determination of occurrence of its particular anatomical variations, as well as presentation of some essential anatomical conditions which may conduce to CN VI palsy...
2015: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Intracranial aneurysms, especially those of the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA), can present with cranial nerve (CN) palsies. The Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) has demonstrated safety and efficacy in the treatment of cerebral aneurysms by flow diversion, but little data exist reporting the outcomes of cranial neuropathies after treatment with the device. METHODS: The prospectively maintained Barrow Neurological Institute's endovascular database was reviewed for all patients treated with the PED after presenting with 1 or more CN palsies secondary to a cerebral aneurysm since May 2011...
June 2015: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Rossella Spataro, Vincenzo La Bella
We describe a patient with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) in which an adduction deficit and ptosis in the left eye presented several years before the polyneuropathy. A 52-year-old man presented with a 14-year history of unremitting diplopia, adduction deficit, and ptosis in the left eye. At the age of 45 a mild bilateral foot drop and impaired sensation in the four limbs appeared, with these symptoms showing a progressive course. The diagnostic workup included EMG/ENG which demonstrated reduced conduction velocity with bilateral and symmetrical sensory and motor involvement...
2015: Case Reports in Medicine
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