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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164476/diverticular-colitis-with-progression-to-ulcerative-colitis-after-sigmoidectomy
#1
Atsuyo Ikeda, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Yutaro Egashira, Hidekazu Takahashi, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Taishi Hata, Chu Matsuda, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
Diverticular colitis is chronic inflammation of the colon where diverticula are present. The endoscopic and histopathological findings of this disease are sometimes similar to those of ulcerative colitis, and several reports describe cases of diverticular colitis that progressed to typical ulcerative colitis. A 77-year-old woman with intramesenteric penetration of the sigmoid diverticulum underwent low anterior resection. One month later, the patient experienced anastomotic leakage, and transverse colostomy was performed...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134384/totally-robotic-single-docking-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer-pearls-and-pitfalls
#2
J W T Toh, A Zakaria, I Yang, S H Kim
Total robotic resection of mid- and low rectal cancers confers technical advantages within the confines of the pelvis and allows difficult rectal cancer cases to be performed efficiently with less risk of conversion to open. To maximize the advantage of robotic surgery, we utilize the technique of single docking totally robotic dissection for rectal cancer for both the Da Vinci Si and Xi Surgical Systems. All steps are performed robotically, with the surgery divided into two phases. The first phase consists of inferior mesenteric artery and vein ligation, sigmoid and descending colon mobilization and splenic flexure takedown...
November 13, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130230/-protective-measures-in-laparoscopic-resection-for-upper-or-mid-rectal-cancer-and-sigmoid-colon-cancer-with-transrectal-specimen-extraction-surgery
#3
Chuangang Fu, Zhuqing Zhou, Junyi Han, Bin Lu, Wei Gao, Zhe Zhu, Qixin Jiang, Fang Ji, Tao Du
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the use of a self-made specimen protective sleeve in laparoscopic resection for upper or mid rectal cancer and sigmoid colon cancer with transrectal specimen extraction surgery and the improvement of implantation method, so as to avoid and reduce bacterial contamination and tumor cell dissemination in abdominal cavity. METHODS: During June 2015 and May 2017, 48 cases of high located rectal or sigmoid colon cancer were operated laparoscopically with natural orifices specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) using a self-made specimen protecting sleeve...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127603/attempting-a-laparoscopic-approach-in-patients-undergoing-left-sided-colorectal-surgery-who-have-had-a-previous-laparotomy-is-it-feasible
#4
Murad A Jabir, Justin T Brady, Yuxiang Wen, Eslam M G Dosokey, Dongjin Choi, Sharon L Stein, Conor P Delaney, Scott R Steele
BACKGROUND: The feasibility of a laparoscopic approach in patients who have had a prior laparotomy (PL) remains controversial. We hypothesized that laparoscopic colorectal resection was safe and feasible in patients with previous open abdominal surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review (2007-2015) of all patients undergoing laparoscopic resection for sigmoid and rectal adenocarcinoma with or without prior midline laparotomy (NPL) was performed. Primary endpoints included conversion and perioperative morbidity...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110733/sigmoid-volvulus-in-children-a-case-report
#5
Fayza Haider, Nabeel Al Asheeri, Barrak Ayoub, Eizat Abrar, Jawad Khamis, Hasan Isa, Husain Nasser, Fatima Al Hashimi
BACKGROUND: Sigmoid volvulus is frequently reported in the "volvulus belt" (Middle East, Africa, the Indian subcontinent, Turkey, and South America) and is the third leading cause of large bowel obstruction in North America. It is an uncommon problem in children and adolescents, and is rarely considered a diagnosis in this group. A high index of suspicion is necessary to diagnose sigmoid volvulus in children. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 13-year-old Arabian girl who came with features suggestive of intestinal obstruction...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106320/near-infrared-fluorescence-imaging-for-real-time-intraoperative-guidance-in-anastomotic-colorectal-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#6
Jacqueline van den Bos, Mahdi Al-Taher, Rutger M Schols, Sander van Kuijk, Nicole D Bouvy, Laurents P S Stassen
PURPOSE: The aims of this review are to determine the feasibility of near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) angiography in anastomotic colorectal surgery and to determine the effectiveness of the technique in improving imaging and quantification of vascularization, thereby aiding in decision making as to where to establish the anastomosis. METHODS: A systematic literature search of PubMed and EMBASE was conducted. Searching through the reference lists of selected articles identified additional studies...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097234/patterns-of-bowel-invisible-microscopic-endometriosis-reveal-the-goal-of-surgery-removal-of-visual-lesions-only
#7
Alexandra Badescu, Horace Roman, Iulia Barsan, Valentin Soldea, Serban Nastasia, Moutaz Aziz, Lucian Puscasiu, Simona Stolnicu
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To document the presence of bowel invisible microscopic endometriosis implants and their relationship with deep endometriosis macronodule infiltrating the bowel. DESIGN: A series of consecutive patients with deep endometriosis infiltrating the rectum and/or sigmoid colon. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force classification II-2. SETTINGS: University referral center. PATIENTS: Ten patients managed by colorectal resection...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096339/krukenberg-s-tumour-unilateral-giant-metachronous-of-colonic-origin-case-report
#8
Luciano Zogbi, Angélica Isaías, Pedro Augusto Machado, Aluísio Neutzling, Camila Juliano
INTRODUCTION: Krukenberg tumour (KT) is defined by the World Health Organization as a metastatic ovary carcinoma, usually of gastric origin. The term has also been applied to metastatic tumors originating from adenocarcinomas of other sites, such as the colon. After radical resection of colorectal carcinoma, metachronous ovarian metastases can occur in 1.1% of cases. Due to their rarity and rapid progression, KTs needs a high level of suspicion. Here we present an atypical case of KT and highlight the importance of the timely recognition of this disease...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075908/are-all-patients-with-short-segment-hirschsprung-s-disease-equal-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#9
Patrick Ho Yu Chung, Kenneth Kak Yuen Wong, Paul Kwong Hang Tam, Michael Wai Yip Leung, Nicholas Sih Yin Chao, Kelvin Kam Wing Liu, Edwin Kin Wai Chan, Yuk Him Tam, Kim Hung Lee
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Short segment Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) carries a better prognosis than long segment disease, but the definition of short is controversial. The objective of this study is to determine anatomically the extent of disease involvement that would be associated with a better functional outcome. METHODS: This is a retrospective multicenter (n = 3) study with patients (≥ 3 years) who had transanal pullthrough operation done for aganglionosis limited to the recto-sigmoid colon were reviewed...
October 26, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067939/a-case-of-total-laparoscopic-sigmoidectomy-involving-the-use-of-needle-forceps-and-transanal-specimen-extraction-for-sigmoid-colon-cancer
#10
Rina Takahashi, Kazuhiro Sakamoto, Hisashi Ro, Kazumasa Kure, Masaya Kawai, Shun Ishiyama, Kiichi Sugimoto, Yutaka Kojima, Atsushi Okuzawa, Yuichi Tomiki
A 76-year-old male underwent endoscopic mucosal resection for a stage T1 tumour of the sigmoid colon. We performed laparoscopic sigmoidectomy through 5 ports using needlescopic instruments. The resected specimen was extracted from the abdominal cavity transanally. After attaching an anvil to the sigmoidal stump, the rectal stump was reclosed using an endoscopic linear stapler, and then, colorectal anastomosis was conducted using the double stapling technique. Performing transanal specimen extraction using needlescopic forceps improves aesthetic outcomes and reduces post-operative pain and the risk of abdominal incisional hernias...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034042/description-of-the-surgical-strategy-used-for-the-treatment-of-a-complex-disease-report-of-a-case
#11
Kazuki Kihara, Miwa Tashiro, Kohei Miyashita, Masaki Yamamoto, Hironobu Hirose, Takashi Fukutomi, Hideaki Nishimori, Kazumasa Orihashi
We report a rare case in which a patient required three surgeries with competing priorities. In a 68-year-old man diagnosed with an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), computed tomography (CT) revealed an infrarenal AAA, unusual thickening of the sigmoid colon that suggested cancer, and a filling defect in the left atrium. We considered the disease stage, which affects prognosis, and the risk of complications that could interfere with the treatment of the other pathologies and developed a three-stage surgical strategy: (i) endovascular aortic repair, (ii) sigmoid colectomy, and (iii) resection of the left atrial mass...
June 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030789/foreign-bodies-in-sigmoid-colon-diverticulosis
#12
REVIEW
Ellen Ross, Patricia McKenna, John H Anderson
This review addresses the management of sigmoid colon diverticular disease associated with foreign bodies. In addition, two novel cases are presented. One case describes the management of diverticular bleeding secondary to a chicken bone and the other case reports retrieval of a retained EndoRings™ Device. The review identified 40 relevant publications including 50 subjects. Foreign bodies within sigmoid diverticular disease may be associated with inflammation, perforation, abscess and fistula. In current practice, diagnosis is often achieved with CT scan...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967431/resection-of-the-inferior-pubic-ramus-to-completely-remove-locally-advance-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-bartholin-s-gland
#13
Hidetaka Nomura, Minoru Nagashima, Yoichi Aoki, Nobuhiro Takeshima
OBJECTIVE: Some sections of the pelvic bone can be removed without severe loss of function, including the inferior pubic ramus. Here we report a technique for the complete resection of locally advanced adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the Bartholin's gland that had invaded the obturator muscle and inferior pubic ramus. METHODS: We chose to operate because there was little evidence of definitive radiotherapy for ACC of the vulva. As preoperative imaging did not suggest lymph node metastasis, we omitted lymphadenectomy...
September 26, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965236/severity-of-diverticulitis-in-patients-with-polycystic-kidney-disease-without-transplantation
#14
Maile E Parker, Kellie L Mathis, Scott R Kelley
BACKGROUND: Patients with polycystic kidney disease (PKD) who have had a kidney transplant have an increased risk of diverticular disease and complicated diverticulitis. Literature is limited regarding the severity of diverticulitis in patients with PKD who have not had a transplant. We aim to assess whether patients with PKD, with and without renal transplant, have a similar course of diverticulitis. METHODS: A retrospective review of all adult PKD patients at our institution diagnosed with diverticulitis between 2000 and 2016 was conducted...
December 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948714/clinical-impact-of-tumor-location-on-the-colon-cancer-survival-and-recurrence-analyses-of-pooled-data-from-three-large-phase-iii-randomized-clinical-trials
#15
Toru Aoyama, Kosuke Kashiwabara, Koji Oba, Michitaka Honda, Sotaro Sadahiro, Chikuma Hamada, Hiromichi Maeda, Shuhei Mayanagi, Mitsuro Kanda, Junichi Sakamoto, Shigetoyo Saji, Takaki Yoshikawa
The aim of the present study was to determine whether or not the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were affected by the tumor location in patients who underwent curative resection for colon cancer in a pooled analysis of three large phase III studies performed in Japan. In total, 4029 patients were included in the present study. Patients were classified as having right-side colon cancer (RC) if the primary tumor was located in the cecum, ascending colon, hepatic flexure or transverse colon, and left-side colon cancer (LCC) if the tumor site was within the splenic flexure, descending colon, sigmoid colon or recto sigmoid junction...
November 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948124/synchronous-sigmoid-colon-cancer-seeding-a-fistula-in-ano
#16
George E Fowler, Christopher J Young
A seeded fistula-in-ano from a synchronous sigmoid colon cancer is rare. The literature is still divided regarding the standard treatment, although an abdominoperineal resection is considered the best option when curative resection is possible. This case is distinct from previous reports, as the patient had known metastatic liver disease before surgery, and proceeded with a pan-proctocolectomy after neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. The patient died 20 months post-operatively of his metastatic liver disease, having been otherwise asymptomatic for eight months on continued chemotherapy, before commencing palliative treatment (completed five cycles)...
July 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935353/oncologic-significance-of-para-aortic-lymph-node-and-inferior-mesenteric-lymph-node-metastasis-in-sigmoid-and-rectal-adenocarcinoma
#17
Seung Hyung Lee, Jong Lyul Lee, Chan Wook Kim, Han Il Lee, Chang Sik Yu, Jin Cheon Kim
BACKGROUND: Recurrence patterns or survival in colorectal cancer patients might differ according to inferior mesenteric lymph node (IMLN) metastasis. However, few studies have compared para-aortic lymph node (PALN) metastasis and IMLN metastasis. The aim of the current study is to identify survival and recurrence patterns in patients with sigmoid colon and rectal adenocarcinoma with either PALN or IMLN metastasis and to evaluate the prognostic significance of PALN and IMLN metastasis...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925783/laparoscopic-assisted-resection-for-advanced-colorectal-cancer-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#18
Ze-Nan Xia, Rui Hou, Wei Zhu, Ru Yao, Zhao Lu, Hui-Zhong Qiu, Guo-Le Lin
AIM: To evaluate the feasibility, short- and long-term outcomes, and safety of laparoscopic resection for advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) in solid organ transplant recipients. METHODS: Between September 2001 and April 2016, five patients who underwent laparoscopic-assisted resection for CRC after solid organ transplantation were included in this study. Their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed with regard to patient demographics, immunosuppressive therapy, tumor characteristics, surgical outcomes, and follow-up data...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918405/renal-cell-carcinoma-with-isolated-metastasis-to-sigmoid-mesentery-a-rare-resectable-combination
#19
Hira Lal, Priyank Yadav, Shashidhar Achar, Uday Pratap Singh
Renal cell carcinoma accounts for 2%-3% of all malignancies in adults. It spreads via direct extension, lymphatic route as well as haematogenous route. Lymph nodes, lungs, bone, liver and brain are the usual sites for its metastatic spread. In the presence of limited metastatic disease with potentially resectable metastases, surgery offers the best chances of cure. In the present case, we describe a case of renal cell carcinoma with a solitary metastasis to the sigmoid mesentery in a patient with Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918402/rare-case-of-primary-leiomyosarcoma-of-sigmoid-mesocolon
#20
Aizat Sabri Ilias, Huzairi Yaacob, Wan Zainira Wan Zain, Andee Dzulkarnaen Zakaria
We experienced a rare case of primary leiomyosarcoma of sigmoid mesentery. A 45-year-old woman was presented to us with left iliac fossa mass and discomfort for 4-month duration. CT scan of abdomen and pelvis revealed a huge mass 14 cm×14 cm×16 cm occupying left iliac fossa mimicked having a large left ovarian carcinoma. She was subsequently planned for elective total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy by gynaecology team. During laparotomy, a huge mass was revealed arising from sigmoid mesentery invaded to the left lower ureter...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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