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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458228/efficacy-of-epidural-analgesia-after-laparotomy-in-children
#1
Klarieke Bravenboer-Monster, Claudia Keyzer-Dekker, Monique van Dijk, Lonneke Staals, Tom de Leeuw, Rene Wijnen
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia (EDA) is used as postoperative pain treatment in children, but little is known about its efficacy after laparotomy in children. This retrospective study investigated the efficacy of postoperative EDA after laparotomy in children and the frequencies of adverse effects and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of all children aged 0 to 18 years undergoing laparotomy and treated with EDA in our hospital from January 2014 to December 2015 were collected...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457414/-clinical-research-of-popliteal-cyst-excision-combined-with-debridement-of-the-knee-under-arthroscopy-with-local-anesthesia
#2
Ji Li, Zhong-Li Li, Hao Zhang, Ke-Tao Wang, Yi-Meng Yang, Xiang-Zheng Su
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects of popliteal cyst excision combined with debridement of the knee under arthroscopy with local anesthesia. METHODS: From February 2009 to August 2014, 52 patients with popliteal cysts were treated in our hospital, including 34 males and 18 females with an average age of 43.6 years old ranging from 14 to 62 years old; 29 cases were on the right knee and 23 on the left knee. Preoperative diagnosis was performed according to MRI findings and to determine whether other knee disorders were associated with the disease, 52 patients were diagnosed as popliteal cyst before operation; 23 cases of simple meniscus injury or cartilage injury, 18 cases of osteoarthritis, 7 cases of cruciate ligament injury, 2 cases of gouty arthritis, 1 case of rheumatoid arthritis, 1 case of pigmented villonodular arthritis...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457363/conventional-laparoscopic-appendectomy-versus-double-incision-three-port-laparoscopic-appendectomy-a-1-year-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Vishwanath M Pattanshetti, Kanyadhara L Krishna
INTRODUCTION: Management of appendicitis has evolved dramatically in the last 120 years, from McBurney's large incision to minimally invasive laparoscopic appendectomy to hardly noticeable incisions with SILS. As a bridge between conventional laparoscopic surgery and SILS, double-incision laparoscopic surgery further minimizes the invasiveness of laparoscopic surgery by reducing the number of incisions. This study aimed to establish the efficacy of double-incision, three-port laparoscopic appendectomy (DILA) as an alternative to conventional three-port laparoscopic appendectomy...
February 19, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457228/usefulness-of-ultrasonography-in-diagnosis-percutaneous-management-and-follow-up-of-post-traumatic-scalp-pseudoaneurysms
#4
Sivasubramanian Srinivasan, Rahul Lohan, Hsien Khai Tan, Raymond Chung, Suresh B Babu
Pseudoaneurysms of the scalp are rare. Most common etiology is trauma. The patients usually present clinically with persistent painful swelling in the scalp few days after the trauma. The lesion may or may not be pulsatile clinically. Ultrasonography (US) is the best modality to assess these pseudoaneurysms. It not only helps in the diagnosis, but also to trace the offending arterial branch and helps in treatment. We present two cases of post-traumatic scalp pseudoaneurysms which were diagnosed with US and were managed by US-guided thrombin injection...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456852/xanthogranulomatous-pituitary-adenoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Guihong Li, Chaochao Zhang, Yuxue Sun, Qingchun Mu, Haiyan Huang
Xanthogranuloma, also referred to as cholesterol granuloma or xanthogranulomatous reaction, is a granulomatous lesion that is infrequently found in the sellar and parasellar regions. Xanthogranulomatous pituitary adenoma is relatively rare and, thus, the etiology, diagnosis, management and prognosis of this condition remain incompletely understood. We herein report the case of a 56-year-old female patient who presented to our institution with intermittent headache, vomiting and distending pain in the bilateral orbital regions...
March 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456753/subtalar-coalition-resection-utilizing-live-navigation-a-technique-tip
#6
J J Stokman, J Mitchell, K Noonan
Purpose: Describe the surgical technique of talocalcaneal coalition resection using live CT navigation. Methods: A ten-year-old female with left talocalcaneal coalition hindfoot pain refractory to conservative management underwent surgical coalition resection using live CT navigation. The procedure and discussion of this technique is described in detail. Results: With minimal radiation exposure to the patient, CT navigation for this complex talocalcaneal coalition was both helpful and potentially timesaving by allowing immediate localization and guided resection of the coalition...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456447/a-preliminary-analysis-of-outcomes-and-end-range-procedures-used-to-achieve-centralization-in-people-with-low-back-pain
#7
Thomas Stowell, Ronald Schenk, Madeleine Hellman, Carlos Ladeira
Objectives: To investigate the relationship between clinical outcome and the types of end range procedures used to achieve centralization in a sample of patients with low back pain (LBP) and/or peripheral symptoms. Methods: Small sample retrospective analysis of an observational cohort. Patients with LBP who centralized during initial visit at two physical therapy clinics were recruited to participate. The types of end range procedures used to achieve centralization were documented during each office visit and a chart review was performed after 4 weeks...
February 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456401/management-of-complicated-crown-fracture-by-reattachment-using-fiber-post-minimal-intervention-approach
#8
Ambar W Raut, Vijay Mantri, Vaibhao I Shambharkar, Mitul Mishra
Anterior crown fractures are a common form of traumatic dental injuries that mainly affect the maxillary incisors, especially in children and adolescents. Complicated crown fractures although less common, pose a challenge to the clinician. The main objective while treating such cases is successful pain management and immediate restoration of function, esthetics and phonetics. Since the development of the adhesive dentistry, the patient's own fragment can be used to restore the fractured tooth. Reattachment of fractured tooth fragments offers a viable restorative alternative...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456348/efficacy-of-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-local-anesthetic-agent-in-scalp-block-and-scalp-infiltration-to-control-postcraniotomy-pain-a-double-blind-randomized-trial
#9
Shankar Vallapu, Nidhi Bidyut Panda, Navneh Samagh, Neerja Bharti
Context: Scalp infiltration and scalp block are being used to manage postcraniotomy pain. Dexmedetomidine has been successfully used as an adjuvant in regional anesthesia. The study was intended to compare whether addition of dexmedetomidine prolonged the duration of analgesia as well as to compare the two techniques. Aims: The primary objective was to assess whether addition of dexmedetomidine to bupivacaine prolonged the duration of analgesia. The secondary objective was to compare between scalp nerve block and scalp infiltration as techniques for pain relief...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456229/page-kidney-a-rare-but-surgically-treatable-cause-of-hypertension
#10
Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Gaurav Prakash, Durgesh Kumar Saini, Kawaljit Singh, Satyanarayan Sankhwar, Bhupendra Pal Singh
The Page kidney is a rare phenomenon. External renal parenchymal compression is the culprit. We report two cases of young males with flank pain, renal mass, and hypertension with history of blunt abdominal trauma. Initially, hypertension was controlled by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors but gradually became refractory to medical treatment. Laparoscopic nephrectomy was performed in both patients. We emphasize the Page kidney as a cause of hypertension in young patients, presenting with flank pain and renal mass with or without complications of hypertension...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456124/a-multicenter-study-of-total-pancreatectomy-with-islet-autotransplantation-tpiat-post-prospective-observational-study-of-tpiat
#11
Melena D Bellin, Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Katherine Morgan, David Adams, Gregory J Beilman, Srinath Chinnakotla, Darwin L Conwell, Ty B Dunn, Martin L Freeman, Timothy Gardner, Varvara A Kirchner, Luis F Lara, Leslie Long-Simpson, Jaimie D Nathan, Bashoo Naziruddin, John A Nyman, Timothy L Pruett, Sarah J Schwarzenberg, Vikesh K Singh, Kerrington Smith, Jennifer L Steel, Martin Wijkstrom, Piotr Witkowski, James S Hodges
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TPIAT) is considered for managing chronic pancreatitis in selected patients when medical and endoscopic interventions have not provided adequate relief from debilitating pain. Although more centers are performing TPIAT, we lack large, multi-center studies to guide decisions about selecting candidates for and timing of TPIAT. METHODS: Multiple centers across the United States (9 to date) performing TPIAT are prospectively enrolling patients undergoing TPIAT for chronic pancreatitis into the Prospective Observational Study of TPIAT (POST), a NIDDK funded study with a goal of accruing 450 TPIAT recipients...
February 6, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455247/long-term-experiences-of-pain-after-a-fragility-fracture
#12
A Gheorghita, F Webster, S Thielke, J E M Sale
Little is known about long-term pain after a fragility fracture. In this secondary analysis, we determined that pain continues to influence many patients' lives more than 1 year after a fracture and that health care providers do not seem to adequately recognize or manage these long-term consequences. INTRODUCTION: We characterized perspectives on long-term pain among men and women who had sustained a fragility fracture. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of qualitative data from 67 individuals recruited in three primary studies (47-89 years old; 55 women, 12 men)...
February 17, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455175/when-a-polyp-is-not-a-polyp-incidental-finding-of-a-sigmoid-schwannoma-at-first-colonoscopic-screening
#13
Alexandra Leonard, Lezah P McCarthy, Danielle M Pastor
Schwannomas, peripheral nerve sheath tumours arising from Schwann cells, are often associated with inherited disorders such as neurofibromatosis. Gastrointestinal schwannomas, while rare, have been reported in those without personal or family history of neurofibromatosis. Diagnoses of these lesions, however, typically follow evaluations prompted by symptomatic presentations associated with abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, change in bowel habits or positive results on faecal occult blood tests performed for colorectal cancer screening...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455160/children-and-adolescents-experiences-of-primary-lymphoedema-semistructured-interview-study
#14
Camilla S Hanson, Johanna Newsom, Davinder Singh-Grewal, Nicholas Henschke, Margaret Patterson, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Congenital lymphoedema is a lifelong condition that has detrimental physical and psychosocial outcomes for young patients and burdensome treatment responsibilities that may hamper patients' motivation for self-management. There is limited research from the perspective of young people with primary lymphoedema. We aimed to describe the experiences and views of children and adolescents with lymphoedema to inform patient-centred practice. METHODS: Twenty patients (aged 8-21 years) with primary lymphoedema were purposively sampled from two paediatric clinics in Sydney, Australia, to participate in a semistructured interview...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455120/amyand-s-hernia-with-acute-gangrenous-appendicitis-and-cecal-perforation-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
William Kromka, Aline S Rau, Charles J Fox
INTRODUCTION: An Amyand's hernia is a heterogeneous clinical condition defined by the presence of the vermiform appendix within an inguinal hernia sac, which may or may not contain other abdominal contents or pathologic inflammatory changes. Herein we present an exceptionally rare case of an Amyand's hernia containing acute appendicitis and a perforated cecum. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 46-year-old male with a right inguinal hernia of 2-3 year duration presented to our Emergency Department complaining of acute onset abdominal and groin pain...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454958/clinical-features-and-surgical-management-of-cerebellopontine-angle-cholesteatoma-presented-as-trigeminal-neuralgia
#16
Ma Kai, Li Yongjie
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to differentiate patients with cerebellopontine angle (CPA) cholesteatoma and patients with primary trigeminal neuralgia(TN) just according to early symptoms. We aimed to explore the clinical characteristics, early diagnosis and microneurosurgical techniques for CPA cholesteatoma presented as trigeminal neuralgia. METHODS: The data of 26 patients who complained trigeminal neuralgia with cerebellopontine angle cholesteatoma between January 2009 and December 2015 were collected and studied retrospectively, they were diagnosed by MRI preoperatively and confirmed by pathology postoperatively...
February 15, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454629/postoperative-pain-and-analgesia-administration-in-children-after-urological-outpatient-procedures
#17
A Schröder, F A Campbell, W A Farhat, J L Pippi Salle, D J Bägli, A J Lorenzo, M A Koyle
INTRODUCTION: There are limited data about pain patterns, analgesic requirements and factors predicting opioid requirements of children undergoing outpatient urologic surgery. This prospective study aimed to assess recovery profiles and pain medication requirements. METHODS: Patients between 6 months and 12 years of age were recruited prospectively between December 2013 and June 2014. Demographic and operative characteristics were collected. Following discharge home, the parents were asked to administer both acetaminophen and ibuprofen Q6H at a weight-adjusted dose, based on a schedule, until the end of postoperative day 2, and to administer the medication as required on postoperative day 3...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454483/postoperative-opioid-prescribing-getting-it-rightt
#18
REVIEW
Brian K Yorkgitis, Gabriel A Brat
BACKGROUND: Prescription opioid medications account for a large number of fatal and non-fatal overdoses. Many opioid prescription medications after surgery go unused, with the potential for diversion and misuse. As surgeons become increasingly aware of their role in opioid misuse, better tools are needed to guide behavior. DATA SOURCES: There has recently been a plethora of research into opioid prescribing after surgery. A review of this literature was performed using a search for manuscripts written in the English language...
February 6, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454439/management-of-an-enormous-inferior-mesenteric-vein-aneurysm
#19
Mina Guirgis, Hanna El-Khoury, Kishore Sieunarine
Venous aneurysms are rare entities, with mesenteric venous aneurysms among the rarest reported. We present a case of a 66-year-old man with abdominal pain secondary to an enormous 7.8-cm inferior mesenteric vein aneurysm. In addition, he had evidence of other venous abnormalities, including bilateral leg chronic venous insufficiency and a right varicocele. This appears to be the only reported case of an isolated inferior mesenteric vein aneurysm. Adding to its significance, this aneurysm is among the largest of any mesenteric vein aneurysm reported...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454393/health-professionals-perceptions-about-their-clinical-performance-and-the-influence-of-audit-and-feedback-on-their-intentions-to-improve-practice-a-theory-based-study-in-dutch-intensive-care-units
#20
Wouter T Gude, Marie-José Roos-Blom, Sabine N van der Veer, Dave A Dongelmans, Evert de Jonge, Jill J Francis, Niels Peek, Nicolette F de Keizer
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback aims to guide health professionals in improving aspects of their practice that need it most. Evidence suggests that feedback fails to increase accuracy of professional perceptions about clinical performance, which likely reduces audit and feedback effectiveness. This study investigates health professionals' perceptions about their clinical performance and the influence of feedback on their intentions to change practice. METHODS: We conducted an online laboratory experiment guided by Control Theory with 72 intensive care professionals from 21 units...
February 17, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
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