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Jing Ye, Guifeng Fu, Xiaohui Yan, Jingyi Liu, Xiaoyong Wang, Liang Cheng, Fan Zhang, Phillip Zhe Sun, Gang Liu
In vivo assessment of vascular permeability and therapeutic response provides novel insights into photothermal therapy (PTT) that is currently under clinical investigation. We have developed noninvasive imaging strategies to improve the monitoring of nanoparticle-mediated PTT responses for personalized nanomedicine. Briefly, dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and photoacoustic imaging (PAI) were applied to study the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect in tumor models of different microvascular permeabilities (i...
March 21, 2018: Nanoscale
Hai-Ming Li, Feng Feng, Jin-Wei Qiang, Guo-Fu Zhang, Shu-Hui Zhao, Feng-Hua Ma, Yong-Ai Li, Wei-Yong Gu
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of quantitative DCE-MRI for characterizing ovarian tumors. METHODS: We prospectively assessed the differences of quantitative DCE-MRI parameters (Ktrans , kep , and ve ) among 15 benign, 28 borderline, and 66 malignant ovarian tumors; and between type I (n = 28) and type II (n = 29) of epithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOCs). DCE-MRI data were analyzed using whole solid tumor volume region of interest (ROI) method, and quantitative parameters were calculated based on a modified Tofts model...
March 20, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Harini Veeraraghavan, Brittany Z Dashevsky, Natsuko Onishi, Meredith Sadinski, Elizabeth Morris, Joseph O Deasy, Elizabeth J Sutton
We present a segmentation approach that combines GrowCut (GC) with cancer-specific multi-parametric Gaussian Mixture Model (GCGMM) to produce accurate and reproducible segmentations. We evaluated GCGMM using a retrospectively collected 75 invasive ductal carcinoma with ERPR+ HER2- (n = 15), triple negative (TN) (n = 9), and ER-HER2+ (n = 57) cancers with variable presentation (mass and non-mass enhancement) and background parenchymal enhancement (mild and marked). Expert delineated manual contours were used to assess the segmentation performance using Dice coefficient (DSC), mean surface distance (mSD), Hausdorff distance, and volume ratio (VR)...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Theresia Sarabhai, Alexander Tschischka, Vanessa Stebner, Felix Nensa, Axel Wetter, Rainer Kimmig, Michael Forsting, Ken Herrmann, Lale Umutlu, Johannes Grueneisen
PURPOSE: To assess the response to initial treatment strategies of cervical cancer using multiparametric-PET/MRI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PET/MR-derived morphological (tumor size), functional (DWI, DCE-MRI) and metabolic (18F-FDG PET) parameters were acquired in pre- and posttreatment examinations of 8 patients. Besides RECIST- and PERCIST-criteria, functional quantitative parameters were used to assess therapeutic response. RESULTS: RECIST- and PERCIST-response criteria demonstrated high correlations for the differentiation between therapy-responders and non-responders, which was additionally reflected by functional (DWI, DCE-MRI) quantitative imaging parameters...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Imaging
Jun Yang, Chengde Liao, Yifan Liu, Guangjun Yang, Tengfei Ke, Yingying Ding, Qinqing Li
The beginning and the end of the vascular normalization window are not clear in response to anti-angiogenic therapies. We used dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and intravoxel incoherent motion MRI (IVIM-MRI) to noninvasively evaluate the vascular normalization window. MRI was performed five times: before treatment and on the second, fourth, sixth and eighth days of treatment. Quantitative perfusion parameters were calculated at each time point, including the volume transfer coefficient (Ktrans), reverse transfer constant (Kep), pseudodiffusion coefficient (D* ) and perfusion fraction (f)...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Liangping Ni, Ying Liu
The present study aimed to assess early-stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) with dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) at 3.0 T. A total of 44 patients newly diagnosed with NPC were included in the present study. All patients underwent MR examination at 3.0 T using DCE-MRI and DWI. The volume transfer constant ( Ktrans ), flux rate constant between extravascular extracellular space and plasma ( Kep ), the volume of extravascular extracellular space per unit volume of tissue ( Ve ) and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of tumours were investigated...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Nobuyuki Kosaka, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Tetsuji Kurokawa, Tsuyoshi Matsuda, Masayuki Kanamoto, Naoyuki Takei, Kenji Takata, Jin Takahashi, Yoshio Yoshida, Hirohiko Kimura
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the vascularity of retained products of conception (RPOC) using arterial spin-labeling magnetic resonance imaging (ASL-MRI) to clarify the clinical feasibility of this approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pulsed-continuous ASL sequence with echo-planar imaging (EPI) acquisitions was used. Ten consecutive patients with RPOC were enrolled. All ASL images were evaluated visually and semiquantitatively and compared with the findings of Doppler ultrasound (US) and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI)...
March 16, 2018: Magma
Feng Feng, Fulin Qiang, Aijun Shen, Donghui Shi, Aiyan Fu, Haiming Li, Mingzhu Zhang, Ganlin Xia, Peng Cao
Objective: To prospectively compare the discriminative capacity of dynamic contrast enhanced-magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) with that of18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18 F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in the differentiation of malignant and benign solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs). Methods: Forty-nine patients with SPNs were included in this prospective study. Thirty-two of the patients had malignant SPNs, while the other 17 had benign SPNs...
February 2018: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Shotaro Kanao, Masako Kataoka, Mami Iima, Debra Masako Ikeda, Masakazu Toi, Kaori Togashi
OBJECTIVES: Benign and malignant inflammatory breast lesions demonstrate similar findings on both T2 weighted imaging (T2WI) and dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) images. We hypothesized that benign inflammatory lesions might be differentiated form malignancies using a combination of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values derived from diffusion weighted images (DWI) and T2WI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 162 patients undergoing breast MRI (T2WI, DWI and DCE images) between 2008 and 2015 who had breast lesions with high T2WI signal intensity (High T2 SI) including 14 benign inflammatory lesions, 69 benign non-inflammatory lesions, 16 malignant inflammatory lesions and 63 malignant non-inflammatory lesions...
March 12, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Thais Roque, Laurent Risser, Veerle Kersemans, Sean Smart, Danny Allen, Paul Kinchesh, Stuart Gilchrist, Ana L Gomes, Julia A Schnabel, Michael A Chappell
Predicting tumor growth and its response to therapy remains a major challenge in cancer research and strongly relies on tumor growth models. In this paper, we introduce, calibrate, and verify a novel image-driven reaction-diffusion model of avascular tumor growth. The model allows for proliferation, death and spread of tumor cells, and accounts for nutrient distribution and hypoxia. It is constrained by longitudinal time series of dynamic contrast-enhancement-MRI images. Tumor specific parameters are estimated from two early time points and used to predict the spatio-temporal evolution of the tumor volume and cell densities at later time points...
March 2018: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Harrison Kim
DCE-MRI has been extensively used for diagnosis, prognosis and therapy monitoring of various diseases including cancer. However, it has been reported that the perfusion parameters measured by DCE-MRI largely vary across different research sites, preventing data comparison in multi-institutional clinical trials. Recently, novel perfusion phantoms have been developed to correct scanner-driven errors, enabling quality assurance of quantitative DCE-MRI measurement. However, the sources for the variability in quantitating perfusion parameters are not only MRI scanners but also software packages and imaging protocols set by the operators...
2018: Journal of Nature and Science
Rasha Elmghirbi, Tavarekere N Nagaraja, Stephen L Brown, Kelly A Keenan, Swayamprava Panda, Glauber Cabral, Hassan Bagher-Ebadian, George W Divine, Ian Y Lee, James R Ewing
PURPOSE: This study demonstrates a DCE-MRI estimate of tumor interstitial fluid pressure (TIFP) and hydraulic conductivity in a rat model of glioblastoma, with validation against an invasive wick-in-needle (WIN) technique. An elevated TIFP is considered a mark of aggressiveness, and a decreased TIFP a predictor of response to therapy. METHODS: The DCE-MRI studies were conducted in 36 athymic rats (controls and posttreatment animals) with implanted U251 cerebral tumors, and with TIFP measured using a WIN method...
March 9, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Haiyun Qi, Christian Østergaard Mariager, Jakob Lindhardt, Per Mose Nielsen, Hans Stødkilde-Jørgensen, Christoffer Laustsen
PURPOSE: Anesthesia is necessary for most animal studies requiring invasive procedures. It is well documented that various types of anesthesia modulate a wide variety of important metabolic and functional processes in the body, and as such, represent a potential limitation in the study design. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the renal functional and metabolic consequences of 3 typical rodent anesthetics used in preclinical MRI: sevoflurane, inaction, and a mixture of fentanyl, fluanisone, and midazolam (FFM)...
March 9, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
D J Li, W L Yang, Z Y Wang, W Chen, Q Zhao, Y F Li, R Cui, L Shen, W B Wei
Objective: To compare the significance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in the diagnosis of uveal melanoma. Methods: It was a retrospective case series study. Sixty-three cases (63 eyes) of uveal melanoma patients (confirmed by histopathology) who underwent CEUS and DCE-MRI examination at Beijing Tongren Hospital during January 2010 and May 2014 were collected, including 30 males and 33 females, with average age of 47 years (ranged from 27 to 69 years)...
March 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Anna Luzurier, Paul-Hugo Jouve De Guibert, Alexandre Allera, Sarah F Feldman, Pierre Conort, Jean Marc Simon, Pierre Mozer, Eva Compérat, Franck Boudghene, Vincent Servois, Olivier Lucidarme, Benjamin Granger, Raphaele Renard-Penna
BACKGROUND: The incremental value of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) imaging in localizing radiorecurrent prostate cancer is uncertain. PURPOSE: To assess the added-value of DCE imaging to the combination T2 -weighted imaging (T2 W)+diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in detecting locally radiorecurrent prostate cancer (PCa), by radiologists with different levels of experience. STUDY TYPE: Analytic retrospective study. POPULATION: In all, 52 men with biological suspected PCa recurrence after radiotherapy were retrospectively included...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Wen-Yen Chai, Po-Chun Chu, Chih-Hung Tsai, Chung-Yin Lin, Hung-Wei Yang, Hsin-Yi Lai, Hao-Li Liu
Focused ultrasound (FUS) exposure with microbubbles can transiently open the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to deliver therapeutic molecules into CNS tissues. However, delivered molecular distribution/concentration at the target need to be controlled. Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic-Resonance Imaging (DCE-MRI) is a well-established protocol for monitoring the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic behavior of FUS-BBB opening. This study investigates the feasibility of using DCE-MRI to estimate molecular CNS penetration under various exposure conditions and molecule sizes...
March 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
Masood Banaie, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Hamid-Reza Saligheh-Rad, Masoumeh Gity
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is a major cause of mortality among women if not treated in early stages. Previous works developed non-invasive diagnosis methods using imaging data, focusing on specific sets of features that can be called spatial features or temporal features. However, limited set of features carry limited information, requiring complex classification methods to diagnose the disease. For non-invasive diagnosis, different imaging modalities can be used. DCE-MRI is one of the best imaging techniques that provides temporal information about the kinetics of the contrast agent in suspicious lesions along with acceptable spatial resolution...
March 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Jonghyun Bae, Jin Zhang, Youssef Zaim Wadghiri, Atul Singh Minhas, Harish Poptani, Yulin Ge, Sungheon Gene Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of measuring the subtle disruption of blood-brain barrier (BBB) using DCE-MRI with a scan duration shorter than 10 min. METHODS: The extended Patlak-model (EPM) was introduced to include the effect of plasma flow (Fp ) in the estimation of vascular permeability-surface area product (PS). Numerical simulation studies were carried out to investigate how the reduction in scan time affects the accuracy in estimating contrast kinetic parameters...
March 5, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Yu Liu, Yuanjun Wang, Weiqing Tang, Mengda Jiang, Kaicheng Li, Xiaofeng Tao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of Iodine-125 (125 I) seeds brachytherapy to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) xenografts via multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty mice were implanted subcutaneously with SW-1990 PDAC xenografts. The tumor-bearing mice were randomly divided into125 I seeds group (n = 10) and blank control group (n = 10). Treatment response was monitored by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) obtained 1 day before, 14 and 60 days after treatment...
March 5, 2018: La Radiologia Medica
Hai-Lian Lyu, Jian-Xia Cao, Hai-Yi Wang, Zhan-Bo Wang, Ming-Gen Hu, Lu Ma, Ying-Wei Wang, Hui-Yi Ye
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to retrospectively analyze whether double-echo gradient-echo (GRE) chemical shift imaging (CSI) can differentiate between pancreatic metastases from clear cell renal cell carcinoma (PM-ccRCC) and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET). METHODS: Institutional review board approval and informed consent were waived. CSI, T2WI, DWI, and DCE magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed in patients with PM-ccRCC and pNET. Eleven patients with PM-ccRCC and 24 patients with pNET were enrolled into this retrospective study...
March 3, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
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