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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778588/increased-burden-of-comorbidities-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-death-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-in-europe-over-ten-years-a-comparison-between-eorp-af-pilot-and-ehs-af-registries
#1
Marco Proietti, Cécile Laroche, Robby Nieuwlaat, Harry J G M Crijns, Aldo P Maggioni, Deirdre A Lane, Giuseppe Boriani, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: In 2002, the European Society of Cardiology conducted the Euro Heart Survey (EHS), while in 2014concluded 1-year follow-up of the EURObservational Research Programme AF (EORP-AF) Pilot Registry. METHODS: We analysed differences in clinical profiles, therapeutic approaches and outcomes between these two cohorts after propensity score matching (PSM). RESULTS: After PSM, 5206 patients were analysed. In EORP-AF there were more elderly patients than EHS (p < ...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741795/characteristics-of-perceived-electromagnetic-hypersensitivity-in-the-general-population
#2
Michael J Gruber, Eva Palmquist, Steven Nordin
Health problems evoked in the presence of electrical equipment is a concern, calling for better understanding for characteristics of electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) in the general population. The present study investigated demographics, lifestyle factors, frequency and duration, coping strategies, proportion meeting clinical criteria for intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (EMF) and comorbidity. Using data from a large-scale population-based questionnaire study, we investigated persons with self-reported (n = 91) EHS in comparison to referents (n = 3,250)...
May 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731416/interleukin-6-delays-gastric-emptying-in-humans-with-direct-effects-on-glycemic-control
#3
Louise Lang Lehrskov, Mark Preben Lyngbaek, Line Soederlund, Grit Elster Legaard, Jan Adam Ehses, Sarah Elizabeth Heywood, Nicolai Jacob Wewer Albrechtsen, Jens Juul Holst, Kristian Karstoft, Bente Klarlund Pedersen, Helga Ellingsgaard
Gastric emptying is a critical regulator of postprandial glucose and delayed gastric emptying is an important mechanism of improved glycemic control achieved by short-acting glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogs in clinical practice. Here we report on a novel regulatory mechanism of gastric emptying in humans. We show that increasing interleukin (IL)-6 concentrations delays gastric emptying leading to reduced postprandial glycemia. IL-6 furthermore reduces insulin secretion in a GLP-1-dependent manner while effects on gastric emptying are GLP-1 independent...
April 28, 2018: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709294/occurrence-profile-and-spatial-distribution-of-uv-filters-and-musk-fragrances-in-mussels-from-portuguese-coastline
#4
M Castro, J O Fernandes, A Pena, S C Cunha
The increasing production and consumption of Personal Care Products (PCPs), containing UV-filters and musk fragrances, has led to its widespread presence in the aquatic environment which can cause harmful effects to the aquatic organisms due to its intrinsic toxicity. This study aims to evaluate the degree of contamination of wild mussels along the entire Portuguese coastline, continually exposed in their habitat to different contaminants. For this purpose, approximately 1000 mussel specimens were sampled during one year in seven different locations, along the Portuguese coastline...
April 23, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694468/exploding-head-syndrome-as-aura-of-migraine-with-brainstem-aura-a-case-report
#5
Fabian H Rossi, Elizabeth Gonzalez, Elisa Marie Rossi, Nina Tsakadze
This article reports a case of exploding head syndrome (EHS) as an aura of migraine with brainstem aura (MBA). A middle-aged man presented with intermittent episodes of a brief sensation of explosion in the head, visual flashing, vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, confusion, ataxia, dysarthria, and bilateral visual impairment followed by migraine headache. The condition was diagnosed as MBA. Explosive head sensation, sensory phenomena, and headaches improved over time with nortriptyline. This case shows that EHS can present as a primary aura symptom in patients with MBA...
April 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680952/functional-outcomes-of-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-in-patients-eligible-for-active-surveillance
#6
Marc Zanaty, Khaled Ajib, Kevin Zorn, Assaad El-Hakim
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome of low risk prostate cancer (PCa) patients who were candidates for active surveillance (AS) but had undergone robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHOD: We reviewed our prospectively collected database of patients operated by RARP between 2006 and 2014. Low D'Amico risk patients were selected. Oncological outcomes were reported based on pathology results and biochemical failure. Functional outcomes on continence and potency were reported at 12 and 24 months...
April 21, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664001/-protective-effect-of-mild-hypothermia-at-different-starting-times-on-organ-function-in-patient-with-exertional-heat-stroke
#7
Qinghua Li, Rongqing Sun, Hongdi Lyu, Dexin Shen, Qing Hu, Haiwei Wang, Nannan Wang, Jin Yan, Jing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect of mild hypothermia at different starting times on the physiological functions of the viscera of exertional heat stroke (EHS). METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. EHS patients admitted to intensive care unit of the 159th Hospital of People's Liberation Army and the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2015 to June 2017 were enrolled. The patients were divided into 2, 4, 6 hours start hypothermia treatment groups according to the random number table method, the mild hypothermia was initiated at 2, 4 and 6 hours after the disease onset respectively, and the methods were the same in each group...
April 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659021/absence-of-a-moderating-effect-of-parent-health-literacy-on-early-head-start-enrollment-and-dental-use
#8
Jacqueline M Burgette, John S Preisser, Morris Weinberger, Rebecca S King, Jessica Y Lee, R Gary Rozier
OBJECTIVES: To examine the moderating effect of parents' health literacy (HL) on the effectiveness of North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS) in improving children's dental use. METHODS: Parents of 479 children enrolled in EHS and 699 Medicaid-matched parent-child dyads were interviewed at baseline when children were approximately 10 months old and 24 months later. We used in-person computer-assisted, structured interviews to collect information on sociodemographic characteristics, dental use, and administer the Short Assessment of Health Literacy - Spanish and English (SAHL-S&E)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608784/asymmetric-biotic-interactions-and-abiotic-niche-differences-revealed-by-a-dynamic-joint-species-distribution-model
#9
Nina K Lany, Phoebe L Zarnetske, Erin M Schliep, Robert N Schaeffer, Colin M Orians, David A Orwig, Evan L Preisser
A species' distribution and abundance are determined by abiotic conditions and biotic interactions with other species in the community. Most species distribution models correlate the occurrence of a single species with environmental variables only, and leave out biotic interactions. To test the importance of biotic interactions on occurrence and abundance, we compared a multivariate spatiotemporal model of the joint abundance of two invasive insects that share a host plant, hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA; Adelges tsugae) and elongate hemlock scale (EHS; Fiorina externa), to independent models that do not account for dependence among co-occurring species...
April 2, 2018: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606037/medical-home-head-start-partnership-to-promote-early-learning-for-low-income-children
#10
Abigail R Grant, Beth E Ebel, Nasra Osman, Kiersten Derby, Cheryl DiNovi, H Mollie Grow
OBJECTIVE: To improve Early Head Start/Head Start (EHS/HS) screening, referral, and enrollment for children from diverse, low-income communities. METHOD: Using existing resources, we built a pediatric clinic-Head Start partnership. Key steps included (1) screening protocol and tracking system, (2) a community partner as a single point of referral contact, (3) provider education, and (4) monthly outcome reporting. A pre- and post-cross-sectional study design was used to evaluate outcomes, with medical chart review conducted for all wellness visits among children aged 0 to 4 years pre- and postintervention...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594509/exertional-heat-illness-incidence-and-on-site-medical-team-preparedness-in-warm-weather
#11
Yuri Hosokawa, William M Adams, Luke N Belval, Robert J Davis, Robert A Huggins, John F Jardine, Rachel K Katch, Rebecca L Stearns, Douglas J Casa
To investigate the influence of estimated wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) and the International Institute of Race Medicine (IIRM) activity modification guidelines on the incidence of exertional heat stroke (EHS) and heat exhaustion (HEx) and the ability of an on-site medical team to treat those afflicted. Medical records of EHS and HEx patients over a 17-year period from the New Balance Falmouth Road Race were examined. Climatologic data from nearby weather stations were obtained to calculate WBGT with the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (WBGTA ) and Liljegren (WBGTL ) models...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536288/tribute-to-jean-henri-alexandre-now-leaving-the-ehs-board
#12
EDITORIAL
F Corcione
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519278/-effect-of-early-intervention-with-heparin-on-function-of-coagulopathy-liver-and-kidney-in-rats-with-exertional-heatstroke-under-the-ambient-air-of-high-temperature-and-low-humidity
#13
Yang Yu, Yuying Wei, Xiangrong Zhang, Xinyu Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of early intervention with heparin on function of coagulopathy, liver and kidney as well as the prognosis in rats with exertional heatstroke (EHS) under the ambient air of high temperature and low humidity. METHODS: 108 healthy SPF male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into normal temperature control group, EHS + normal saline (NS) group and EHS + heparin group. Of which 54 rats were collected for survival analysis (18 rats in each group), the weight change and 8-hour survival rate were observed, and Kaplan-Meier survival curves were drawn...
March 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502980/male-sexuality-fertility-and-urinary-continence-in-bladder-exstrophy-epispadias-complex
#14
Nelly Reynaud, Frédérique Courtois, Pierre Mouriquand, Nicolas Morel-Journel, Kathleen Charvier, Marina Gérard, Alain Ruffion, Jean-Etienne Terrier
BACKGROUND: The bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex is a rare congenital malformation associated with severe dysfunction of the genital and urinary tracts and requiring a staged surgical reconstruction. AIM: The primary aims of this study were to report the sexuality, infertility, and urinary incontinence outcomes in a cohort of men born with bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex. The secondary aim was to highlight some predictive factors of infertility in this population...
March 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498545/food-safety-practices-linked-with-proper-refrigerator-temperatures-in-retail-delis
#15
Laura G Brown, Edward Rickamer Hoover, Brenda V Faw, Nicole K Hedeen, David Nicholas, Melissa R Wong, Craig Shepherd, Daniel L Gallagher, Janell R Kause
Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) causes the third highest number of foodborne illness deaths annually. L. monocytogenes contamination of sliced deli meats at the retail level is a significant contributing factor to L. monocytogenes illness. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net) conducted a study to learn more about retail delis' practices concerning L. monocytogenes growth and cross-contamination prevention. This article presents data from this study on the frequency with which retail deli refrigerator temperatures exceed 41°F, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-recommended maximum temperature for ready-to-eat food requiring time and temperature control for safety (TCS) (such as retail deli meat)...
May 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493846/clinically-important-difference-on-the-erectile-dysfunction-inventory-of-treatment-satisfaction-questionnaire-in-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction
#16
Joseph C Cappelleri, Li-Jung Tseng, Vera J Stecher, Stanley E Althof
AIM: To determine what constitutes a clinically important difference (CID) on the Erectile Dysfunction Inventory of Treatment Satisfaction (EDITS), an 11-item validated questionnaire assessing treatment satisfaction used in clinical trials for patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). METHODS: Erectile Dysfunction Inventory of Treatment Satisfaction data were evaluated from a double-blind, fixed-dose trial of 279 men aged 18-65 years with ED who were treated with sildenafil 50 or 100 mg or placebo...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466080/does-pre-cooling-with-whole-body-immersion-affect-thermal-sensation-or-perceived-exertion-a-critically-appraised-topic
#17
Timothy M Wohlfert, Kevin C Miller
Clinical Scenario: Exertional heat stroke (EHS) is a potentially deadly heat illness and poses a significant health risk to athletes; EHS survival rates are near 100% if properly recognized and treated.1 Whole body cold water immersion (CWI) is the most effective method of lowering body core temperature.2 Precooling (PC) with CWI before exercise may prevent severe hyperthermia and/or EHS by increasing the body's overall heat-storage capacity.3 However, PC may also alter athletes' perception of how hot they feel or how hard they are exercising...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424533/effect-of-binding-on-enantioselectivity-of-epoxide-hydrolase
#18
Julian Zaugg, Yosephine Gumulya, Mikael Bodén, Alan E Mark, Alpeshkumar K Malde
Molecular dynamics simulations and free energy calculations have been used to investigate the effect of ligand binding on the enantioselectivity of an epoxide hydrolase (EH) from Aspergillus niger. Despite sharing a common mechanism, a wide range of alternative mechanisms have been proposed to explain the origin of enantiomeric selectivity in EHs. By comparing the interactions of ( R)- and ( S)-glycidyl phenyl ether (GPE) with both the wild type (WT, E = 3) and a mutant showing enhanced enantioselectivity to GPE (LW202, E = 193), we have examined whether enantioselectivity is due to differences in the binding pose, the affinity for the ( R)- or ( S)- enantiomers, or a kinetic effect...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403417/development-of-a-work-climate-scale-in-emergency-health-services
#19
Susana Sanduvete-Chaves, José A Lozano-Lozano, Salvador Chacón-Moscoso, Francisco P Holgado-Tello
An adequate work climate fosters productivity in organizations and increases employee satisfaction. Workers in emergency health services (EHS) have an extremely high degree of responsibility and consequent stress. Therefore, it is essential to foster a good work climate in this context. Despite this, scales with a full study of their psychometric properties (i.e., validity evidence based on test content, internal structure and relations to other variables, and reliability) are not available to measure work climate in EHS specifically...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400815/magnetic-and-electric-hotspots-via-fractal-clusters-of-hollow-silicon-nanoparticles
#20
Zahra Naeimi, MirFaez Miri
We show that fractal clusters of hollow Si nanoparticles provide both magnetic hotspots (MHs) and electric hotspots (EHs). The hollow size tailors the wavelength dependence of the field enhancement. In the wavelength window 400-750 nm, magnetic field intensity enhancements of 10-3790 and electric field intensity enhancements of 10-400 are achievable. Wavelength-tuned MHs and EHs allow better enhancement of Raman optical activity, fluorescence and circular dichroism of molecules, and so on. Si nanoparticles overcome the limitations of metallic ones, which provide only EHs at the price of heat perturbations on a nearby quantum emitter due to metallic ohmic losses...
February 1, 2018: Optics Letters
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