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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314926/american-football-and-fatal-exertional-heat-stroke-a-case-study-of-korey-stringer
#1
Andrew Grundstein, John A Knox, Jennifer Vanos, Earl R Cooper, Douglas J Casa
On August 1, 2001, Korey Stringer, a Pro Bowl offensive tackle for the Minnesota Vikings, became the first and to date the only professional American football player to die from exertional heat stroke (EHS). The death helped raise awareness of the dangers of exertional heat illnesses in athletes and prompted the development of heat safety policies at the professional, collegiate, and interscholastic levels. Despite the public awareness of this death, no published study has examined in detail the circumstances surrounding Stringer's fatal EHS...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314465/data-capture-and-communication-during-transfers-to-definitive-care-in-an-inclusive-trauma-system
#2
Nori L Bradley, Naisan Garraway, Nathaniel Bell, Nasira Lakha, S Morad Hameed
INTRODUCTION: Background trauma survivors in rural areas transferred to urban centers have higher mortality than trauma patients admitted directly to urban centers. Transfer data in trauma registries is important for injury control. Prehospital and early physiologic data may reflect processes of pre-hospital care. British Columbia currently has no standardized process for trauma patient data transfer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective data analysis for major trauma patients (ISS>15) transferred to a Level I trauma center over a 1year period (n=243)...
November 5, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271340/an-overview-on-the-enhancement-of-enantioselectivity-and-stability-of-microbial-epoxide-hydrolases
#3
REVIEW
Priya Saini, Dipti Sareen
Epoxide hydrolases (EHs; 3.3.2.x) catalyze the enantioselective ring opening of racemic epoxides to the corresponding enantiopure vicinal diols and remaining equivalent unreacted epoxides. These epoxides and diols are used for the synthesis of chiral drug intermediates. With an upsurge in the methods for identification of novel microbial EHs, a lot of EHs have been discovered and utilized for kinetic resolution of racemic epoxides. However, there is still a constraint on the account of limited EHs being successfully applied on the preparative scale for industrial biotransformations...
March 2017: Molecular Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258383/-new-worldwide-guidelines-for-treatment-of-inguinal-hernia-the-most-important-recommendations-from-herniasurge
#4
D Weyhe
SURGICAL TECHNIQUES: In the HerniaSurge guidelines the highest evidence is found with respect to recommendations for mesh-based surgery techniques. This includes Lichtenstein as well as the minimally invasive TEP/TAPP surgery. For discreet symptomatic or asymptomatic inguinal hernia, watchful waiting is an option if the state of health and social situation are taken into account; however, femoral hernia should be treated promptly with a mesh technique, with laparoendoscopic techniques being the more favored option...
March 3, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222562/impaired-scaling-of-preparatory-postural-responses-to-repeated-balance-perturbations-in-parkinsonian-patients-with-comorbid-white-matter-disease
#5
David Cioncoloni, Lodovica Martelli, Deborah Rosignoli, Riccardo Mazzocchio
BACKGROUND: Postural instability may result from altered sequencing of automatic motor programs for anticipatory postural corrections and/or impaired motor learning in Parkinson Disease (PD) patients. Comorbid white matter disease is a major determinant of axial motor impairment, leading to poorer stability than nigrostriatal dopaminergic denervation per se. OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in anticipatory control of postural stability function between subjects affected by PD with comorbid leukoaraiosis (LPD), idiopathic Parkinson disease (IPD) and elderly health subjects (EHS) as control group...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221943/food-allergy-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-restaurant-managers-and-staff-an-ehs-net-study
#6
Taylor J Radke, Laura G Brown, E Rickamer Hoover, Brenda V Faw, David Reimann, Melissa R Wong, David Nicholas, Jonathan Barkley, Danny Ripley
Dining outside of the home can be difficult for persons with food allergies who must rely on restaurant staff to properly prepare allergen-free meals. The purpose of this study was to understand and identify factors associated with food allergy knowledge and attitudes among restaurant managers, food workers, and servers. This study was conducted by the Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net), a collaborative forum of federal, state, and local environmental health specialists working to understand the environmental factors associated with food safety issues...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219819/laparoscopic-ventral-hernia-repair-with-composite-mesh-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-recurrence-in-185-patients-with-5-years-follow-up
#7
Mario Nardi, Paolo Millo, Riccardo Brachet Contul, Riccardo Lorusso, Antonella Usai, Manuela Grivon, Fabio Persico, Elisa Ponte, Paolo Bocchia, Salvatore Razzi
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair is widely used although its clinical indications are often debated. The aim of this study is to describe our surgical experience in order to establish the safety, efficacy, feasibility of laparoscopic ventral hernia repair and to identify the factors that influence the risk of recurrence in a group of patients treated with only one type of prosthetic mesh and by the same surgical team. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2007 and December 2016, 512 patients were admitted to the General and Urgent Surgery Unit, with diagnosis of ventral hernia...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207343/impact-of-early-head-start-in-north-carolina-on-dental-care-use-among-children-younger-than-3-years
#8
Jacqueline M Burgette, John S Preisser, Morris Weinberger, Rebecca S King, Jessica Y Lee, R Gary Rozier
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS), an early education program for low-income children younger than 3 years and their families, on dental care use among children. METHODS: We performed a quasi-experimental study in which we interviewed 479 EHS and 699 non-EHS parent-child dyads at baseline (2010-2012) and at a 24-month follow-up (2012-2014). We estimated the effects of EHS participation on the probability of having a dental care visit after controlling for baseline dental care need and use and a propensity score covariate; we included random effects to account for EHS program clustering...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207294/validity-of-core-temperature-measurements-at-3-rectal-depths-during-rest-exercise-cold-water-immersion-and-recovery
#9
Kevin C Miller, Lexie E Hughes, Blaine C Long, William M Adams, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT:  No evidence-based recommendation exists regarding how far clinicians should insert a rectal thermistor to obtain the most valid estimate of core temperature. Knowing the validity of temperatures at different rectal depths has implications for exertional heat-stroke (EHS) management. OBJECTIVE:  To determine whether rectal temperature (Trec) taken at 4 cm, 10 cm, or 15 cm from the anal sphincter provides the most valid estimate of core temperature (as determined by esophageal temperature [Teso]) during similar stressors an athlete with EHS may experience...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160069/tep-or-tapp-for-recurrent-inguinal-hernia-repair-register-based-comparison-of-the-outcome
#10
F Köckerling, R Bittner, A Kuthe, M Hukauf, F Mayer, R Fortelny, C Schug-Pass
INTRODUCTION: The guidelines of the international hernia societies recommend laparo-endoscopic inguinal hernia repair for recurrent hernias after open primary repair. To date, no randomized trials have been conducted to compare the TEP vs TAPP outcome for recurrent inguinal hernia repair. A Swiss registry study identified only minor differences between the two techniques, thus suggesting the equivalence of the two procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 1, 2009 and August 31, 2013 data were entered into the Herniamed Registry on a total of 2246 patients with recurrent inguinal hernia repair following previous open primary operation in either TAPP (n = 1,464) or TEP technique (n = 782)...
February 3, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112682/nasal-neuron-pet-imaging-quantifies-neuron-generation-and-degeneration
#11
Genevieve C Van de Bittner, Misha M Riley, Luxiang Cao, Janina Ehses, Scott P Herrick, Emily L Ricq, Hsiao-Ying Wey, Michael J O'Neill, Zeshan Ahmed, Tracey K Murray, Jaclyn E Smith, Changning Wang, Frederick A Schroeder, Mark W Albers, Jacob M Hooker
Olfactory dysfunction is broadly associated with neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative diseases and predicts increased mortality rates in healthy individuals. Conventional measurements of olfactory health assess odor processing pathways within the brain and provide a limited understanding of primary odor detection. Quantification of the olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs), which detect odors within the nasal cavity, would provide insight into the etiology of olfactory dysfunction associated with disease and mortality...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072657/assessment-of-cochlea-endolymphatic-hydrops-using-3-d-flair-and-3-d-real-ir-sequence-in-guinea-pigs-via-3t-mri-after-intratympanic-gadolinium-a-histopathological-comparison
#12
Feng Wang, Huiying Lyu, Menglong Zhao, Yan Sha, Fang Zhang, Yushu Cheng, Wenhu Huang, Wenlin Tang, Youzhou Xie, Ping Lu
OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether the three-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (3-D FLAIR) and three-dimensional inversion-recovery with real reconstruction (3-D real IR) sequences can be used to detect cochlea endolymphatic hydrops (EHs) in guinea pigs using 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (3T MRI). The results of 3-D real IR imaging were compared with histopathological outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen healthy men and women albino guinea pigs were used in this study...
April 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997841/rna-transport-from-head-to-toe-in-radial-glial-cells
#13
Janina Ehses, Michael A Kiebler, Sandra M Fernández-Moya
Intracellular mRNA localization critically contributes to proper brain development and function. A recent study demonstrates that mRNAs are actively transported in radial glial cells from the soma to the distal basal endfeet, where they are locally translated.
December 19, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939951/effects-of-personalised-exposure-on-self-rated-electromagnetic-hypersensitivity-and-sensibility-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Imke van Moorselaar, Pauline Slottje, Pia Heller, Rob van Strien, Hans Kromhout, Manuel Murbach, Niels Kuster, Roel Vermeulen, Anke Huss
BACKGROUND: Previous provocation experiments with persons reporting electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) have been criticised because EHS persons were obliged to travel to study locations (seen as stressful), and that they were unable to select the type of signal they reported reacting to. In our study we used mobile exposure units that allow double-blind exposure conditions with personalised exposure settings (signal type, strength, duration) at home. Our aim was to evaluate whether subjects were able to identify exposure conditions, and to assess if providing feedback on personal test results altered the level of self-reported EHS...
December 9, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939136/electromagnetic-hypersensitivity-ehs-in-occupational-and-primary-health-care-a-nation-wide-survey-among-general-practitioners-occupational-physicians-and-hygienists-in-the-netherlands
#15
Pauline Slottje, Imke van Moorselaar, Rob van Strien, Roel Vermeulen, Hans Kromhout, Anke Huss
Subjects who attribute health complaints to every day levels of non-ionizing electromagnetic fields (EMF) have been referred to as electrohypersensitive (EHS). Previous surveys in Europe showed that 68-75% of general practitioners had ever been consulted on EHS. Given the lack of data on EHS in the Netherlands in the general population and on EHS in occupational settings, we performed a national survey among three professional groups that are likely in the first line of being consulted by EHS individuals. Results show that about one third of occupational hygienists, occupational physicians and general practitioners had ever been consulted by one or more EHS subjects...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938990/effect-of-low-energy-linear-shockwave-therapy-on-erectile-dysfunction-a-double-blinded-sham-controlled-randomized-clinical%C3%A2-trial
#16
Grzegorz L Fojecki, Stefan Tiessen, Palle J S Osther
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that focal low-energy extracorporeal shockwave therapy (Li-ESWT) can have a positive effect in men with erectile dysfunction (ED). Linear Li-ESWT (LLi-ESWT) for ED has not been previously assessed in a randomized trial. AIM: To evaluate the treatment outcome of LLi-ESWT for ED. METHODS: Men with ED (n = 126) and a score lower than 25 points on the International Index of Erectile Function erectile function domain (IIEF-EF) were included...
January 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935464/effects-of-hypnosis-on-regression-to-primary-process-thinking
#17
Gary Grogan, Arreed Barabasz, Marianne Barabasz, Ciara Christensen
The authors tested the hypothesis that hypnotic age regression produces a shift from secondary- to primary-thought processing in hypnotizable participants. Thirty participants were tested for hypnotizability using the Elkins Scale of Hypnotizability (EHS). Participants were exposed to a tailored hypnotic arm-levitation induction and a hypnotic suggestion to age regress to 5 years of age and to have a dream. Primary-process thinking was assessed using the Primary-Process Thinking Scale. An independent t test with 2 levels of hypnotizability (middle and high) showed high hypnotizables demonstrated higher ratings of primary thought processing than those in the middle group...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933397/laparo-endoscopic-versus-open-recurrent-inguinal-hernia-repair-should-we-follow-the-guidelines
#18
F Köckerling, R Bittner, A Kuthe, B Stechemesser, R Lorenz, A Koch, W Reinpold, H Niebuhr, M Hukauf, C Schug-Pass
INTRODUCTION: On the basis of six meta-analyses, the guidelines of the European Hernia Society (EHS) recommend laparo-endoscopic recurrent repair following previous open inguinal hernia operation and, likewise, open repair following previous laparo-endoscopic operation. So far no data are available on implementation of the guidelines or for comparison of outcomes. Besides, there are no studies for comparison of outcomes for compliance versus non-compliance with the guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 4812 patients with elective unilateral recurrent inguinal hernia repair in men were enrolled between September 1, 2009, and September 17, 2014, in the Herniamed Registry...
December 8, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909226/unique-cytokine-and-chemokine-responses-to-exertional-heat-stroke-in-mice
#19
Michelle A King, Lisa R Leon, Deborah A Morse, Thomas L Clanton
In heat stroke, cytokines are believed to play important roles in multi-organ dysfunction and recovery of damaged tissue. The time course of the cytokine response is well defined in passive heat stroke (PHS), but little is known about exertional heat stroke (EHS). In this study we used a recently developed mouse EHS model to measure the responses of circulating cytokines/chemokines and cytokine gene expression in muscle. A very rapid increase in circulating IL-6 was observed at max core temperature (Tc,max) that peaked at 0...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900794/fast-and-efficient-free-induction-decay-mr-spectroscopic-imaging-of-the-human-brain-at-9-4-tesla
#20
Grzegorz L Chadzynski, Jonas Bause, Gunamony Shajan, Rolf Pohmann, Klaus Scheffler, Philipp Ehses
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to develop a fast and efficient MRSI-FID acquisition scheme and test its performance in vivo. The aim was to find a trade-off between the minimal total acquisition time and signal-to-noise ratio of the acquired spectra. METHODS: Measurements were performed on a 9.4 Tesla system. Sequence optimization included redesign of water suppression, optimization of the sequence gradients, and improvement of the sampling efficiency by minimizing the read-out time...
November 29, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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