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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#1
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319462/ability-of-hypnosis-to-facilitate-movement-through-stages-of-change-for-smoking-cessation
#2
Samantha O Munson, Arreed F Barabasz, Marianne Barabasz
On the basis of the transtheoretical model of change, we hypothesized that hypnosis would facilitate significantly greater movement through the stages of change toward smoking cessation in contrast to psychoeducation. Thirty participants were pretested for hypnotizability using the Elkins Hypnotizability Scale (EHS). Participants' readiness for change was assessed using the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment scale (URICA). The EHS relaxation induction was used to induce hypnosis. Hypnotic suggestions addressed motivation and ambivalence...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288869/human-in-vivo-brain-magnetic-resonance-current-density-imaging-mrcdi
#3
Cihan Göksu, Lars G Hanson, Hartwig R Siebner, Philipp Ehses, Klaus Scheffler, Axel Thielscher
Magnetic resonance current density imaging (MRCDI) and MR electrical impedance tomography (MREIT) are two emerging modalities, which combine weak time-varying currents injected via surface electrodes with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to acquire information about the current flow and ohmic conductivity distribution at high spatial resolution. The injected current flow creates a magnetic field in the head, and the component of the induced magnetic field ΔBz,c parallel to the main scanner field causes small shifts in the precession frequency of the magnetization...
December 27, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285366/clinical-effects-and-safety-of-intra-arterial-infusion-therapy-of-cisplatin-suspension-in-lipiodol-combined-with-5-fluorouracil-versus-sorafenib-for-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-macroscopic-vascular-invasion-without-extra-hepatic-spread-a-prospective
#4
Masahito Nakano, Takashi Niizeki, Hiroaki Nagamatsu, Masatoshi Tanaka, Ryoko Kuromatsu, Manabu Satani, Shusuke Okamura, Hideki Iwamoto, Shigeo Shimose, Tomotake Shirono, Yu Noda, Hironori Koga, Takuji Torimura
Although sorafenib and hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) have been proven to improve prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with macroscopic vascular invasion (MVI), the most appropriate approach remains unclear. The present multicenter, non-randomized, prospective cohort study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of HAIC and sorafenib in patients with advanced HCC and MVI, without extra-hepatic spread (EHS) and Child-Pugh class A disease. The present study was performed between April 2008 and March 2014, and 64 HCC patients with MVI, without EHS and Child-Pugh class A disease were registered...
December 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279513/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-combination-therapy-of-sorafenib-and-radiotherapy-for-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-retrospective-study
#5
Yoshiyuki Wada, Yuko Takami, Hajime Matsushima, Masaki Tateishi, Tomoki Ryu, Munehiro Yoshitomi, Taisei Matsumura, Hideki Saitsu
Background Sorafenib is a standard therapy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), whereas radiotherapy is effective for local control of extrahepatic spread (EHS) or macrovascular invasion (MVI). This study investigated the safety and efficacy of this combined therapy to treat advanced HCC. Methods This retrospective study reviewed 62 patients with advanced-stage HCC with EHS or MVI who received sorafenib therapy, excluding the patients with only lung metastases. Results Of the 62 patients, 15 were treated using the combined therapy of sorafenib and radiotherapy (group RS), and 47 were treated with sorafenib monotherapy (group S)...
December 27, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276956/oxygen-content-determines-the-bio-reactivity-and-toxicity-profiles-of-carbon-black-particles
#6
Yakun Wu, Yifan Guo, Haoyang Song, Wei Liu, Yi Yang, Yajun Liu, Nan Sang, Yi Y Zuo, Sijin Liu
In spite of the considerable efforts invested to understand the environmental health and safety (EHS) impacts of ultrafine particles, such as the representative PM2.5, there are still significant knowledge gaps to be filled. No conclusive understandings have been obtained about the physicochemical determinants in accounting for differential adverse outcomes. Here we compared the cytotoxicity of four carbon black (CB) particles with similar physicochemical properties except for their oxygen contents (C824455 < C1864 < Printex U < SB4A)...
December 22, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275957/effect-of-linear-low-intensity-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-for-erectile-dysfunction-12-month-follow-up-of-a-randomized-double-blinded-sham-controlled-study
#7
Grzegorz Lukasz Fojecki, Stefan Tiessen, Palle Jørn Sloth Osther
INTRODUCTION: Short-term data on the effect of low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (Li-ESWT) on erectile dysfunction (ED) have been inconsistent. The suggested mechanisms of action of Li-ESWT on ED include stimulation of cell proliferation, tissue regeneration, and angiogenesis, which can be processes with a long generation time. Therefore, long-term data on the effect of Li-ESWT on ED are strongly warranted. AIM: To assess the outcome at 6 and 12 months of linear Li-ESWT on ED from a previously published randomized, double-blinded, sham-controlled trial...
December 21, 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275272/environmental-occurrence-and-distribution-of-organic-uv-stabilizers-and-uv-filters-in-the-sediment-of-chinese-bohai-and-yellow-seas
#8
Christina Apel, Jianhui Tang, Ralf Ebinghaus
Organic UV stabilizers and UV filters are applied to industrial materials and cosmetics worldwide. In plastics they prevent photo-induced degradation, while in cosmetics they protect human skin against harmful effects of UV radiation. This study reports on the occurrence and distribution of organic UV stabilizers and UV filters in the surface sediment of the Chinese Bohai and Yellow Seas for the first time. In total, 16 out of 21 analyzed substances were positively detected. Concentrations ranged from sub-ng/g dw to low ng/g dw...
December 21, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224794/external-validation-of-the-european-hernia-society-classification-for-postoperative-complications-after-incisional-hernia-repair-a-cohort-study-of-2-191-patients
#9
Leonard F Kroese, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink, Johan F Lange, Jean-Francois Gillion
BACKGROUND: Incisional hernia is a frequent complication after midline laparotomy. Surgical hernia repair is associated with complications, but no clear predictive risk factors are identified. The European Hernia Society (EHS) classification offers a structured framework to describe hernias and to analyze postoperative complications. Because of its structured nature, it might prove to be useful for preoperative patient or treatment classification. The objective of this study was to investigate the EHS classification as a predictor for postoperative complications after incisional hernia surgery...
December 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214543/comparison-of-biological-and-alloplastic-meshes-in-ventral-incisional-hernia-repair
#10
A Koscielny, S Widenmayer, T May, J Kalff, P Lingohr
PURPOSE: The aim of our retrospective analysis was to compare the results of incisional hernia repair by porcine small intestinal submucosa-derived (SIS) meshes with those obtained by alloplastic polypropylene-based (PP) meshes in comparable surgical indications by matched-pair design. We hypothesized that in incisional hernia, SIS mesh repair is associated with fewer recurrences and SSO than PP mesh repair in incisional hernias. METHODS: Twenty-four matched pairs (SIS vs...
December 6, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206716/primary-epithelioid-angiosarcoma-of-finger-masquerading-as-epithelioid-hemangioma-report-of-a-case-and-analysis-of-mutational-pattern-in-epithelioid-hemangiomas-and-angiosarcomas-by-next-generation-sequencing
#11
Manish M Subramaniam, Nur L Salleh, Bingcheng Wu, Michelle A Rozario, HueyJin Lim, Mark E Puhaindran, Richie Soong, Victor K Lee
AIMS: We report an unusual case of epithelioid angiosarcoma (AS) mimicking an epithelioid hemangioma (EH) and analyze mutational patterns in EHs and ASs. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 58-year-old woman presented with a finger lump and metastatic lung nodules. Initial needle biopsies showed an EH, with only focal atypical histologic features. The patient underwent finger amputation and resection of lung nodules. The amputation specimen and lung nodules revealed features of AS...
January 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201505/is-there-a-relation-between-priapism-occurring-after-penile-doppler-ultrasonography-and-international-erectile-function-index-score-and-erection-hardness-score-levels
#12
Mehmet Giray Sönmez, Ahmet Öztürk
Objective: The relation between Erection Hardness Score (EHS) and The International Erectile Function Index (IIEF) Questionnaire- Erectile Function Domain Score (IIEF-EF score) used in erectile dysfunction (ED) evaluation and the prevalence of priapism after penile Doppler ultrasonography (PDU) was examined in this study. Material and methods: A total of 62 patients who had PDU were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups; there were 33 patients in IIEF-EF score ≤10, EHS <2 group (Group 1) and 29 patients in IIEF-EF score >10, EHS ≥2 group (Group 2)...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197758/uv-filters-and-musk-fragrances-in-seafood-commercialized-in-europe-union-occurrence-risk-and-exposure-assessment
#13
S C Cunha, L Trabalón, S Jacobs, M Castro, M Fernandez-Tejedor, K Granby, W Verbeke, C Kwadijk, F Ferrari, J Robbens, I Sioen, E Pocurull, A Marques, J O Fernandes, J L Domingo
In the framework of the FP7 ECsafeSeafood project, 62 seafood samples commercialized in Europe Union from several representative species - mackerel, tuna, salmon, seabream, cod, monkfish, crab, shrimp, octopus, perch and plaice - were analysed for residues of 21 personal care products (PCPs), including 11 UV-filters (UV-Fs) and 10 musk fragrances (musks). PCPs analysis were performed by Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective Rugged, Safe (QuEChERS), combined with liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) or dispersive solid-phase extraction (dSPE), followed by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS)...
November 30, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159910/patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-need-a-personalized-management-a-lesson-from-clinical-practice
#14
Edoardo G Giannini, Laura Bucci, Francesca Garuti, Matteo Brunacci, Barbara Lenzi, Matteo Valente, Eugenio Caturelli, Giuseppe Cabibbo, Fabio Piscaglia, Roberto Virdone, Martina Felder, Francesca Ciccarese, Francesco Giuseppe Foschi, Rodolfo Sacco, Gianluca Svegliati Baroni, Fabio Farinati, Gian Lodovico Rapaccini, Andrea Olivani, Antonio Gasbarrini, Maria Di Marco, Filomena Morisco, Marco Zoli, Alberto Masotto, Franco Borzio, Luisa Benvegnù, Fabio Marra, Antonio Colecchia, Gerardo Nardone, Mauro Bernardi, Franco Trevisani
The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer advanced stage (BCLC C) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) includes a heterogeneous population, where sorafenib alone is the recommended treatment. In this study our aim was to assess treatment and overall survival (OS) of BCLC C patients sub-classified according to clinical features (Performance Status [PS], macro-vascular invasion [MVI], extra-hepatic spread [EHS] or MVI+EHS) determining their allocation to this stage. From the Italian Liver Cancer database, we analysed 835 consecutive BCLC C patients diagnosed between 2008 and 2014...
November 21, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153471/comparison-of-built-environment-adaptations-to-heat-exposure-and-mortality-during-hot-weather-west-midlands-region-uk
#15
Jonathon Taylor, Paul Wilkinson, Roberto Picetti, Phil Symonds, Clare Heaviside, Helen L Macintyre, Michael Davies, Anna Mavrogianni, Emma Hutchinson
There is growing recognition of the need to improve protection against the adverse health effects of hot weather in the context of climate change. We quantify the impact of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) and selected adaptation measures made to dwellings on temperature exposure and mortality in the West Midlands region of the UK. We used 1) building physics models to assess indoor temperatures, initially in the existing housing stock and then following adaptation measures (energy efficiency building fabric upgrades and/or window shutters), of representative dwelling archetypes using data from the English Housing Survey (EHS), and 2) modelled UHI effect on outdoor temperatures...
November 16, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149906/forebrain-specific-conditional-silencing-of-staufen2-alters-synaptic-plasticity-learning-and-memory-in-rats
#16
Stefan M Berger, Iván Fernández-Lamo, Kai Schönig, Sandra M Fernández Moya, Janina Ehses, Rico Schieweck, Stefano Clementi, Thomas Enkel, Sascha Grothe, Oliver von Bohlen Und Halbach, Inmaculada Segura, José María Delgado-García, Agnès Gruart, Michael A Kiebler, Dusan Bartsch
BACKGROUND: Dendritic messenger RNA (mRNA) localization and subsequent local translation in dendrites critically contributes to synaptic plasticity and learning and memory. Little is known, however, about the contribution of RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) to these processes in vivo. RESULTS: To delineate the role of the double-stranded RBP Staufen2 (Stau2), we generate a transgenic rat model, in which Stau2 expression is conditionally silenced by Cre-inducible expression of a microRNA (miRNA) targeting Stau2 mRNA in adult forebrain neurons...
November 17, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144070/food-safety-program-performance-assessment-in-tennessee-2003-2011
#17
Heather Henderson, Lori LeMaster, John Dunn
To assess food safety program performance, the Tennessee Department of Health conducted food service surveys of randomly selected establishments and reviewed routine inspection reports by environmental health specialists (EHSs) of the same facilities. The individual restaurant sanitation scores, along with types and frequencies of violations noted by the survey team, were compared with records from the previous year. In addition, EHSs were observed as they each performed two routine inspections. Survey team staff consistently marked more critical violations than did field EHS staff...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095276/outcome-and-risk-factors-associated-with-extent-of-central-nervous-system-injury-due-to-exertional-heat-stroke
#18
Mengmeng Yang, Zhi Li, Yan Zhao, Feihu Zhou, Yu Zhang, Jingli Gao, Ting Yin, Xin Hu, Zhi Mao, Jianguo Xiao, Li Wang, Chao Liu, Liqiong Ma, Zhihao Yuan, Jianfei Lv, Haoliang Shen, Peter C Hou, Hongjun Kang
To explore the relationship between the extent of central nervous system (CNS) injury and patient outcomes meanwhile research the potential risk factors associated with neurologic sequelae. In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed data from 117 consecutive patients (86 survivors, 31 nonsurvivors) with exertional heat stroke (EHS) who had been admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) at 48 Chinese hospitals between April 2003 and July 2015. Extent of CNS injury was dichotomized according to Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score (severe 3-8, not severe 9-15)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095274/comparison-of-the-effects-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-and-a-vacuum-erectile-device-on-penile-erectile-dysfunction-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tao Qi, Lei Ye, Bo Wang, Bin Zhang, Jun Chen
BACKGROUND: This randomized clinical trial (October 2012-December 2013) compared extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and a vacuum erectile device (VED) for management of erectile dysfunction (ED). METHODS: Consecutive Chinese patients (20-55 years) with ED, abnormal nocturnal penile tumescence and rigidity (NPTR), and international index of erectile function-5 items (IIEF-5) score <22 were randomized to receive ESWT or VED (twice weekly, 4 weeks). Primary outcomes were treatment efficacy and success rate 4 weeks after completion of therapy...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047457/effects-of-penile-fracture-and-its-surgical-treatment-on-psychosocial-and-sexual-function
#20
M S Bolat, M Özen, K Önem, A Açıkgöz, R Asci
The current therapy for penile fracture is immediate surgical repair, but sexual and psychosocial effects of the repair have been poorly investigated. We aimed to assess the impact of surgical correction of penile fracture on psychosocial status, sexual function, and erectile quality. Sixty-four patients classified into two subgroups according to follow-up: 2-24 months (Group 1), and longer than 24 months (Group 2), and 28 healthy men (Control group). The mean overall follow-up period was 39.1±32.7 months...
November 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
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