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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144189/clinical-and-personality-disorders-in-a-danish-treatment-seeking-sample-of-intimate-partner-violence-perpetrators
#1
Ask Elklit, Siobhan Murphy, Christine Jacobsen, Morgan Kezia Jensen
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global public health concern with profound psychological consequences. Perpetrators often have a history of childhood trauma and a range of co-occurring psychiatric problems, which may have implications for treatment. This study examines the prevalence of psychiatric and personality disorders (PD) among perpetrators and the association between a range of demographic, childhood trauma, and adult criminality variables for the most prominent disorders. Data were collected from IPV perpetrators ( n = 529) engaging in a treatment program, ' Dialogue Against Violence'...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130695/a-test-of-the-empirical-profile-and-coherence-of-the-dsm-5-psychopathy-specifier
#2
Joshua D Miller, Joanna Lamkin, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) introduced a psychopathy specifier (DSM-5 PS) as part of the Section III diagnostic model of antisocial personality disorder. Designed to capture the construct of fearless dominance/boldness, the DSM-5 PS is assessed on the basis of the presence of low scores on traits of withdrawal and anxiousness, and high scores on attention seeking. These constructs have garnered attention in the past decade but are the subject of substantial debate as to their role in the conceptualization and assessment of psychopathy, given their limited relations to the maladaptive outcomes typically associated with this personality disorder...
November 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121811/evidence-for-two-levels-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-aggression-among-incarcerated-young-male-violent-offenders
#3
Anna-Kari Sjödin, Märta Wallinius, Eva Billstedt, Björn Hofvander, Thomas Nilsson
Furthering knowledge of the subset of incarcerated partner violent offenders distinguished by aggression, anger, and hostility is relevant, as these offenders are guilty of the more severe kinds of intimate partner violence (IPV). Our aim was to identify groups with different patterns of IPV among convicted young Swedish male offenders, using data from the Development of Aggressive Antisocial Behavior Study, including 171 young men (18-25 years) convicted of a violent crime. Cluster analysis was used to identify different clusters based on amount and severity of IPV in combination with measures of anger, hostility, aggression, and psychopathic personality traits...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120276/personality-disorder-features-and-paraphilic-interests-among-undergraduates-differential-relations-and-potential-antecedents
#4
Ashley L Watts, Madeline G Nagel, Robert D Latzman, Scott O Lilienfeld
We examined the relations between: (1) narcissism, psychopathy, DSM-5 personality disorder symptom counts; and (2) paraphilic interests among undergraduates (N = 608). Base rates of paraphilic interests were appreciable. The disinhibition and meanness features of psychopathy and the entitlement and exploitativeness features of narcissism were robustly associated with paraphilic interests, particularly sexual sadism, whereas the boldness features of narcissism and psychopathy were essentially unrelated to these interests...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120030/risk-behaviours-among-native-and-immigrant-youths-in-switzerland-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Lorenzo Campisi, André Berchtold, Yara Barrense-Dias, Christina Akre, Mario Gehri, Joan-Carles Suris
QUESTION UNDER STUDY: Switzerland has been receiving migrants of various origins for more than 50 years. The adoption of risk-taking behaviours among migrant youths is unclear. Moreover, when studied, migrant youths are rarely analysed according to whether they are first or second generation, or just young people with mixed origins. The aim of this study was to assess whether there are any differences between first-and second-generation immigrants, youths of mixed origins and their native peers in Switzerland concerning their engagement in risk behaviours...
November 9, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117647/personality-changes-following-brain-artery-aneurysm-surgery
#6
Ljiljana Pačić-Turk, Tena Šulentić, Ana Havelka Meštrović, Josip Paladino, Goran Mrak
Neuropsychological testing of patients in the course of their recovery from brain injuries enables analysis of cognitive deficiencies and/or emotional changes. The principle study objective was to define organic and/or reactive personality changes and the course of these changes in the function of the time span following brain artery aneurysm surgery in both female and male patients. The study was carried out at the Clinical Department of Neurosurgery, Zagreb University Hospital Center in Zagreb. The data refer to the period from 1989 to 2012 collected in two time intervals, i...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106279/perils-of-partialing-redux-the-case-of-the-dark-triad
#7
Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam, Courtland S Hyatt, Joshua D Miller
The Dark Triad (DT) is a collection of overlapping aversive personality profiles constituting psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism. Debates remain regarding the optimal way to examine the unique outcomes associated with each construct, with several scholars advocating partialing these profiles in multiple regression analyses (i.e., removing their shared variance). The present paper details the pitfalls inherent in this approach by comparing the convergence and divergence of relations derived from raw and residualized DT composite scores...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106278/dark-traits-and-suicide-associations-between-psychopathy-narcissism-and-components-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide
#8
Tiffany M Harrop, Olivia C Preston, Lauren R Khazem, Michael D Anestis, Regis Junearick, Bradley A Green, Joye C Anestis
Studies have identified independent relationships between psychopathy, narcissism, and suicidality. The current study expands upon the extant literature by exploring psychopathic and narcissistic personality traits and components of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide, utilizing a 3-factor model of psychopathy and 2-factor model of pathological narcissism in community, undergraduate, and military individuals. We hypothesized that the impulsive-antisocial facets of psychopathy would be related to suicidal desire, whereas all facets of psychopathy would relate to the capability for suicide...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106272/concurrent-and-developmental-correlates-of-psychopathic-traits-using-a-triarchic-psychopathy-model-approach
#9
Hailey L Dotterer, Rebecca Waller, Lora M Cope, Brian M Hicks, Joel T Nigg, Robert A Zucker, Luke W Hyde
Psychopathy refers to a heterogeneous set of harmful dark traits and behaviors, including superficial charm, callousness, irresponsibility, and antisocial behavior. The triarchic psychopathy model (TriPM) posits that psychopathy is the combination of 3 traits: boldness, disinhibition, and meanness. However, little research has examined the concurrent and developmental correlates of these traits. We developed TriPM scales from the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised using an empirical-derived approach in a high-risk sample of 561 young adults (ages 17-25; 70...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104551/how-individual-and-contextual-factors-affects-antisocial-and-delinquent-behaviors-a-comparison-between-young-offenders-adolescents-at-risk-of-social-exclusion-and-a-community-sample
#10
Silvia Duran-Bonavila, Andreu Vigil-Colet, Sandra Cosi, Fabia Morales-Vives
The problems associated with violence during adolescence have been on the rise in recent decades. Many studies have focused only on environmental causes or individual causes of violence, although a combination of both variables would seem to be the best option for prediction. The current study aims to assess the relevance of individual characteristics (personality traits, intelligence, and historical and clinical factors linked to the risk of violence), contextual risk factors and protective factors in explaining antisocial and delinquent behaviors in adolescence by comparing three different samples: a community sample, a sample at risk of social exclusion, and a sample of juvenile offenders...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076552/an-experimental-investigation-of-antisocial-lie-telling-among-children-with-disruptive-behavior-disorders-and-typically-developing-children
#11
Allison P Mugno, Lindsay C Malloy, Daniel A Waschbusch, William E Pelham, Victoria Talwar
Children's lie-telling is surprisingly understudied among children with significant behavioral problems. In the present study, experimental paradigms were used to examine antisocial lie-telling among ethnically diverse 5- to 10-year-old children with disruptive behavior disorders (DBD; n = 71) and a typically developing (TD) comparison sample (n = 50) recruited from a southeastern state from 2013 to 2014. Children completed two games that measured the prevalence and skill of their lies: (a) for personal gain and (b) to conceal wrongdoing...
October 27, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073746/monoamine-oxidase-a-genetic-variants-and-childhood-abuse-predict-impulsiveness-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#12
Nathan J Kolla, Jeffrey Meyer, Marcos Sanches, James Charbonneau
Objective: Impulsivity is a core feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) that likely arises from combined genetic and environmental influences. The interaction of the low activity variant of the monoamine oxidase-A (MAOA-L) gene and early childhood adversity has been shown to predict aggression in clinical and non-clinical populations. Although impulsivity is a risk factor for aggression in BPD and ASPD, little research has investigated potential gene-environment (G×E) influences impacting its expression in these conditions...
November 30, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066995/general-belief-in-a-just-world-is-positively-associated-with-dishonest-behavior
#13
Kristin Wenzel, Simon Schindler, Marc-André Reinhard
According to the just-world theory, people need to - or rather want to - believe that they live in a just world where they will receive what they earn and consequently earn what they receive. In the present work, we examined the influence of people's general and personal beliefs in a just world (BJW) on their (dis)honest behavior. Given that general BJW was found to be linked to antisocial tendencies, we expected stronger general BJW to be linked to more dishonesty. Given that personal BJW was found to be correlated with trust and justice striving, a negative link with dishonesty could be assumed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051795/criminogenic-needs-substance-use-and-offending-among-rural-stimulant-users
#14
Christine Timko, Brenda M Booth, Xiaotong Han, Nicole R Schultz, Daniel M Blonigen, Jessie J Wong, Michael A Cucciare
There is a need to understand the determinants of both substance use and criminal activity in rural areas in order to design appropriate treatment interventions for these linked problems. The present study drew on a predominant model used to assess and treat offenders -- the Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) model -- to examine risk factors for substance use and criminal activity in a rural drug using sample. This study extends the RNR model's focus on offenders to assessing rural-dwelling individuals using stimulants (N=462)...
April 2017: Rural Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044564/work-is-important-commentary-on-finn-et%C3%A2-al-2017-decisions-to-attend-and-drink-at-party-events-the-effects-of-incentives-and-disincentives-and-lifetime-alcohol-and-antisocial-problems
#15
Geert Dom
In their recent study Finn et al. explore the effect of contextual factors and antisocial problems in alcohol use decision making(Finn et al., 2017). Both their findings as well as the methodology they use are inspiring. First, the findings point to the importance of including alcohol-related context in task design when studying decision making processes in alcohol use disorders. This could potentially result in more accurate assessments of real life decision making, i.e. tapping into a more ecologically valid decision-making process than when using a single monetary risk or decision-making task...
October 16, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039227/the-violent-accounts-of-men-diagnosed-with-comorbid-antisocial-and-borderline-personality-disorders
#16
Craig Falcus, Darren Johnson
This study explored the violent offence accounts of life-sentenced prisoners diagnosed with comorbid antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD). The aim of the current study was to gain needed clinical insight into the mechanisms involved in this specific group offenders' use of violence against others. Six adult male personality-disordered offenders were interviewed via a semistructured interview schedule to collate individual offence accounts. Interview transcripts were analyzed by the lead researcher (first author) using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) who compared and contrasted findings to develop superordinate themes across the group...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029570/clinical-characteristics-of-poly-drug-abuse-among-heroin-dependents-and-association-with-other-psychopathology-in-compulsory-isolation-treatment-settings-in-china
#17
Mei Yang, Shu-Cai Huang, Yan-Hui Liao, Yi-Ming Deng, Hai-Yan Run, Ping-Liang Liu, Xiong-Wen Liu, Tie-Bang Liu, Shui-Yuan Xiao, Wei Hao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical characteristics and associations of polydrug abuse among heroin-dependent patients in compulsory isolation settings in China. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted in 882 heroin-dependent patients in two compulsory isolation settings in Changsha, China. Descriptive statistics were employed to report prevalence and general information of polydrug abuse among the participants. Bivariate associations were examined between polydrug abuse and variables regarding demographics, heroin use profile and psychopathology...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024062/why-run-the-risk-motivation-for-offences-by-patients-with-substance-use-and-antisocial-personality-disorders-which-they-rated-as-most-risky-to-their-own-well-being
#18
Birgitte Thylstrup, Morten Hesse
BACKGROUND: Understanding motives for offending is important for the development and delivery of effective interventions. AIMS: To explore associations between variables with motivational implications and the offence committed in the past year rated by people with antisocial personality disorder and substance use disorder as putting them and their status at most risk. METHODS: Participants were 127 outpatients from a sample recruited for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial of an intervention for adults attending substance abuse treatment clinics in 13 municipalities in Denmark...
October 10, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023777/self-and-informant-perceptions-of-psychopathic-traits-in-relation-to-the-triarchic-model
#19
Shannon E Kelley, John F Edens, M Brent Donnellan, Elyse N Mowle, Karolina Sörman
OBJECTIVE: The validity of self-report psychopathy measures may be undermined by characteristics thought to be defining features of the construct, including poor self-awareness, pathological lying, and impression management. The current study examined agreement between self- and informant perceptions of psychopathic traits captured by the triarchic model (Patrick, Fowler, & Krueger, 2009) and the extent to which psychopathic traits are associated with socially desirable responding. METHOD: Participants were undergraduate roommate dyads (N = 174; Mage  = 18...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992741/neuropsychology-and-emotion-processing-in-violent-individuals-with-antisocial-personality-disorder-or-schizophrenia-the-same-or-different-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Ottilie Sedgwick, Susan Young, David Baumeister, Ben Greer, Mrigendra Das, Veena Kumari
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether there are shared or divergent (a) cognitive and (b) emotion processing characteristics among violent individuals with antisocial personality disorder and/or schizophrenia, diagnoses which are commonly encountered at the interface of mental disorder and violence. Cognition and emotion processing are incorporated into models of violence, and thus an understanding of these characteristics within and between disorder groups may help inform future models and therapeutic targets...
October 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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