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Antisocial personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092418/an-examination-of-the-etiologic-overlap-between-the-genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-insomnia-and-common-psychopathology
#1
Mackenzie J Lind, Sage E Hawn, Christina M Sheerin, Steven H Aggen, Robert M Kirkpatrick, Kenneth S Kendler, Ananda B Amstadter
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is comorbid with internalizing and externalizing psychiatric disorders. However, the extent to which the etiologic influences on insomnia and common psychopathology overlap is unclear. There are limited genetically informed studies of insomnia and internalizing disorders and few studies of overlap exist with externalizing disorders. METHODS: We utilized twin data from the Virginia Adult Twin Studies of Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders (total n = 7,500)...
January 16, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092055/differentiating-emotional-processing-and-attention-in-psychopathy-with-functional-neuroimaging
#2
Nathaniel E Anderson, Vaughn R Steele, J Michael Maurer, Vikram Rao, Michael R Koenigs, Jean Decety, David S Kosson, Vince D Calhoun, Kent A Kiehl
Individuals with psychopathy are often characterized by emotional processing deficits, and recent research has examined the specific contexts and cognitive mechanisms that underlie these abnormalities. Some evidence suggests that abnormal features of attention are fundamental to emotional deficits in persons with psychopathy, but few studies have demonstrated the neural underpinnings responsible for such effects. Here, we use functional neuroimaging to examine attention-emotion interactions among incarcerated individuals (n = 120) evaluated for psychopathic traits using the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R)...
January 16, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088222/clinical-importance-of-personality-difficulties-diagnostically-sub-threshold-personality-disorders
#3
Max Karukivi, Tero Vahlberg, Kalle Horjamo, Minna Nevalainen, Jyrki Korkeila
BACKGROUND: Current categorical classification of personality disorders has been criticized for overlooking the dimensional nature of personality and that it may miss some sub-threshold personality disturbances of clinical significance. We aimed to evaluate the clinical importance of these conditions. For this, we used a simple four-level dimensional categorization based on the severity of personality disturbance. METHODS: The sample consisted of 352 patients admitted to mental health services...
January 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081330/experiential-avoidance-empathy-and-anger-related-attitudesin-antisocial-personality-disorder
#4
Kaasım Fatih Yavuz, Oktay Şahin, Sevinç Ulusoy, Okan Ufuk İpek, Erhan Kurt
BACKGROUND/AIM: In prevailing opinion, a strong relation exists between lack of empathy and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). However, recent data fail to wholly clarify this relation, especially in consideration of empathy dimensions. In this study our aim was to address ASPD and social functionality from a contextual behavioral science viewpoint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted with a sample of 34 individuals with ASPD and 32 healthy individuals as the control group...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068951/did-you-get-any-help-a-post-hoc-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-psychoeducation-for-patients-with-antisocial-personality-disorder-in-outpatient-substance-abuse-treatment-programs
#5
Birgitte Thylstrup, Sidsel Schrøder, Mats Fridell, Morten Hesse
BACKGROUND: People in treatment for substance use disorder commonly have comorbid personality disorders, including antisocial personality disorder. Little is known about treatments that specifically address comorbid antisocial personality disorder. METHODS: Self-rated help received for antisocial personality disorder was assessed during follow-ups at 3, 9 and 15 months post-randomization of a randomized trial of psychoeducation for people with comorbid substance use and antisocial personality disorder (n = 175)...
January 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045303/-parsing-the-heterogeneity-of-psychopathy-and-aggression-differential-associations-across-dimensions-and-gender-correction-to-hecht-et-al-2016
#6
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Parsing the heterogeneity of psychopathy and aggression: Differential associations across dimensions and gender" by Lisa K. Hecht, Joanna M. Berg, Scott O. Lilienfeld and Robert D. Latzman (Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 2016[Jan], Vol 7[1], 2-14). In the article, there was an error in Table 3 and in the fifth paragraph of the Results. The correct information has been provided. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2015-29370-001.) Psychopathy is a multidimensional construct that is broadly associated with both reactive (RA) and proactive (PA) aggression...
January 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959462/hj%C3%A3-rnan-ger-f%C3%A3-rdjupad-f%C3%A3-rst%C3%A3-else-f%C3%A3-r-personlighetssyndrom-kan-p%C3%A3-verka-framtida-diagnoss%C3%A3-ttning-och-behandlingar
#7
Predrag Petrovic
Neurobiological aspects of personality disorders and emotional instability ADHD and mental disorders encompassing emotional instability such as emotionally unstable personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder can potentially be explained by a suboptimal regulation of information processing in the brain. ADHD involves suboptimal function of non-emotional attentional regulatory processes and emotional instability involves suboptimal emotional regulation. A network including prefrontal areas, anterior cingulate cortex, basal ganglia and specific neuromodulatory systems such as the dopamine system are dysfunctional in both ADHD and emotional instability...
December 6, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959457/risk-f%C3%A3-r-v%C3%A3-ld-och-kriminalitet-vid-personlighetssyndrom
#8
Tom Palmstierna
Personality disorders, violence and criminal behaviour The importance of personality disorders for violent and criminal behaviour is illustrated by their high prevalence in prison populations. Especially antisocial personality disorder and antisocial personality traits are linked to violence. During diagnostic assessment of personality disorders, violence risk screening is recommended. Cognitive behaviour treatment focused on violent behaviour has some effect in criminal populations, but the antisocial personality traits are resistant to treatment...
December 6, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943032/subtyping-non-treatment-seeking-problem-gamblers-using-the-pathways-model
#9
Miea Moon, Jamey J Lister, Aleks Milosevic, David M Ledgerwood
This study examined whether distinct subgroups could be identified among a sample of non-treatment-seeking problem and pathological/disordered gamblers (PG) using Blaszczynski and Nower's (Addiction 97:487-499, 2002) pathways model (N = 150, 50% female). We examined coping motives for gambling, childhood trauma, boredom proneness, risk-taking, impulsivity, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and antisocial personality disorder as defining variables in a hierarchical cluster analysis to identify subgroups...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936357/does-alcohol-contribute-to-college-men-s-sexual-assault-perpetration-between-and-within-person-effects-over-five-semesters
#10
Maria Testa, Michael J Cleveland
OBJECTIVE: The current longitudinal study was designed to consider the time-varying effects of men's heavy episodic drinking (HED) and drinking setting attendance on college sexual assault perpetration. METHOD: Freshman men (N = 992) were recruited in their first semester and completed online measures at the end of their first five semesters. Using multilevel models, we examined whether men with higher frequency HED (or party or bar attendance) were more likely to perpetrate sexual assault (between-person, Level 2 effect) and whether sexual assault perpetration was more likely in semesters in which HED (or party or bar attendance) was higher than each individual's average (within-person, Level 1 effect)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918062/harm-aversion-explains-utilitarian-choices-in-moral-decision-making-in-males-but-not-in-females
#11
G Rota, S Palumbo, N Lattanzi, A Manfrinati, M Sarlo, L Lotto, P Pietrini, R Rumiati, S Pellegrini
In recent years, a great deal of research has relied on hypothetical sacrificial dilemmas to investigate decision-making processes involved in pro-social utilitarian choices. Recent evidence, however, has suggested that moral sacrificial choices may actually reflect reduced harm aversion and antisocial dispositions rather than an utilitarian inclination. Here, we used moral dilemmas to confront healthy volunteers with controversial action choices. We measured impulsiveness and venturesomeness personality traits, which have been shown to influence harm aversion, to test their role in utilitarian action and evaluation of moral acceptability...
June 1, 2016: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917472/observed-fearlessness-and-positive-parenting-interact-to-predict-childhood-callous-unemotional-behaviors-among-low-income-boys
#12
Rebecca Waller, Daniel S Shaw, Luke W Hyde
BACKGROUND: Callous-unemotional behaviors identify children at risk for severe and chronic antisocial behavior. Research is needed to establish pathways from temperament and parenting factors that give rise to callous-unemotional behaviors, including interactions of positive versus harsh parenting with child fearlessness. METHODS: Multimethod data, including parent reports and observations of parent and child behavior, were drawn from a prospective, longitudinal sample of low-income boys (N = 310) with assessments at 18, 24, and 42 months, and at ages 10-12 years old...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906412/multiple-cluster-axis-ii-comorbidity-and-functional-outcome-in-severe-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#13
Nerea Palomares, Antonia McMaster, Marina Díaz-Marsá, Irene de la Vega, Ana Montes, José Luis Carrasco
BACKGROUND: Current literature suggests that personality disorder comorbidity negatively contributes to both the severity and prognosis of other disorders; however, little literature has been devoted to its influence on borderline personality disorder (BPD). The objective of the present work is to study comorbidity with other personality disorders in a severe clinical sample of patients with BPD, and its relationship with global functionality. METHODS: A sample of 65 patients with severe borderline personality disorder was included in the study...
November 2016: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899902/aggressive-antisocial-behaviors-are-related-to-character-maturity-in-young-swedish-violent-offenders-independent-of-adhd
#14
Thomas Nilsson, Örjan Falk, Eva Billstedt, Nóra Kerekes, Henrik Anckarsäter, Märta Wallinius, Björn Hofvander
BACKGROUND: Antisocial personality and psychopathic traits have constantly been found to accompany criminal and aggressive behaviors, but little attention has been given to aspects of character maturity and its relation to such behaviors. The present study investigated (1) whether level of character maturity (low, medium, and high) is associated with amount of aggressive antisocial behaviors (AABs) and psychopathic traits in young men imprisoned for violent criminality, and (2) whether such an association is independent of coexisting attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884933/using-the-personality-assessment-inventory-antisocial-and-borderline-features-scales-to-predict-behavior-change-a-multisite-longitudinal-study-of-youthful-offenders
#15
Brittany N Penson, Jared R Ruchensky, Leslie C Morey, John F Edens
A substantial amount of research has examined the developmental trajectory of antisocial behavior and, in particular, the relationship between antisocial behavior and maladaptive personality traits. However, research typically has not controlled for previous behavior (e.g., past violence) when examining the utility of personality measures, such as self-report scales of antisocial and borderline traits, in predicting future behavior (e.g., subsequent violence). Examination of the potential interactive effects of measures of both antisocial and borderline traits also is relatively rare in longitudinal research predicting adverse outcomes...
November 24, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859182/trait-anger-physical-aggression-and-violent-offending-in-antisocial-and-borderline-personality-disorders
#16
Nathan J Kolla, Jeffrey H Meyer, R Michael Bagby, Amanda Brijmohan
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) are common conditions in forensic settings that present high rates of violence. Personality traits related to the five-factor model personality domains of neuroticism and agreeableness have shown a relationship with physical aggression in nonclinical and general psychiatric samples. The aim of the present investigation was to examine the association of these personality traits with violence and aggression in ASPD and BPD. Results revealed that trait anger/hostility predicted self-reported physical aggression in 47 ASPD and BPD subjects (β = 0...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833223/psychiatric-comorbidity-and-physical-correlates-in-alcohol-dependent-patients
#17
Deepak Gauba, Pramod Thomas, Yatan P S Balhara, Smita N Deshpande
AIM: To examine the prevalence and pattern of comorbidity in alcohol dependence and its relationship with physical and laboratory findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty males with alcohol dependence were examined using the Hindi version of Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies, the International Classification of Disease-10(th) Edition Personality Disorder Examination, Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test for alcohol use, global assessment of functioning, blood sampling electrocardiogram, and ultrasonogram...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822303/emotional-dysregulation-and-trauma-predicting-psychopathy-dimensions-in-female-and-male-juvenile-offenders
#18
Kathrin Sevecke, Sebastian Franke, David Kosson, Maya Krischer
BACKGROUND: Psychopathy is a specific syndrome that predicts future violent and aggressive behavior in adults. Studies in youth and adults have demonstrated a strong association between early traumatic incidents and later dissocial behavior. Moreover, the impact of personality pathology and emotional dysregulation on aggressive and violent behavior is well established. However, few studies have addressed the relationship between early traumatization and psychopathic traits in adolescents...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822300/mental-health-problems-in-male-young-offenders-in-custodial-versus-community-based-programs-implications-for-juvenile-justice-interventions
#19
Daniel Rijo, Nélio Brazão, Ricardo Barroso, Diana Ribeiro da Silva, Paula Vagos, Ana Vieira, Ana Lavado, Ana Margarida Macedo
BACKGROUND: Young offenders are known to be a population with high prevalence of mental health disorders. In most cases, these disorders are neither identified nor treated properly, with the majority of them being chronic and difficult to treat. In many countries, the prevalence rates of psychopathology in male young offenders are still unknown and no psychotherapeutic interventions are delivered. Therefore, the main goal of the present study was to assess mental health problems in Portuguese male young offenders placed in either custodial or community-based programs and discuss treatment implications within the juvenile justice interventions...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821518/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-overdiagnosed-or-diagnoses-missed
#20
REVIEW
Eric Taylor
The prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is about 5% of the child population, and it carries risks for mental health, educational and personal dysfunction, antisociality and death. The diagnosis in practice is made with remarkable differences in frequency between nations. Low rates in the UK, by comparison with research estimates, suggest that the condition may often be missed in clinical practice; the reasons are considered.
November 7, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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