keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Antisocial personality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772307/family-environment-interacts-with-crhr1-rs17689918-to-predict-mental-health-and-behavioral-outcomes
#1
Arunima Roy, Kariina Laas, Triin Kurrikoff, Andreas Reif, Toomas Veidebaum, Klaus-Peter Lesch, Jaanus Harro
BACKGROUND: Corticotrophin-releasing hormone receptor-1 gene (CRHR1) variants have been implicated in mental health. However, little is known of the effects of CRHR1 on long-term mental health and behavior in presence of environmental stressors. We assess the effects of CRHR1 variant (rs17689918)-by-environment interactions on emotionality and behavioral traits, including anxiety, depression, aggression and antisocial behaviors. We also determine effects of rs17689918-by-environment-by-sex interactions on the above-mentioned outcomes...
May 14, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754711/changes-in-resting-eeg-in-colombian-ex-combatants-ith-antisocial-personality-disorder
#2
Claudia Ramos, Jon Duque-Grajales, Jorge Rendón, Alejandro Montoya-Betancur, Ana Baena, David Pineda, Carlos Tobón
INTRODUCTION: Although the social and economic consequences of Colombian internal conflicts mainly affected the civilian population, they also had other implications. The ex-combatants, the other side of the conflict, have been the subject of many studies that question their personality structures and antisocial features. Results suggest that ex-combatants usually have characteristics of an antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) that is related with their behaviour. METHODS: Quantitative EEG (qEEG) was used to evaluate differences in cortical activity patterns between an ex-combatants group and a control group...
April 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746646/corticostriatal-connectivity-in-antisocial-personality-disorder-by-mao-a-genotype-and-its-relationship-to-aggressive-behavior
#3
Nathan J Kolla, Katharine Dunlop, Jeffrey H Meyer, Jonathan Downar
Background: The influence of genetic variation on resting-state neural networks represents a burgeoning line of inquiry in psychiatric research. Monoamine oxidase A, an X-linked gene, is one example of a molecular target linked to brain activity in psychiatric illness. Monoamine oxidase A genetic variants, including the high and low variable nucleotide tandem repeat polymorphisms, have been shown to differentially affect brain functional connectivity in healthy humans. However, it is currently unknown whether these same polymorphisms influence resting-state brain activity in clinical conditions...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726310/readiness-to-change-as-a-predictor-of-treatment-engagement-and-outcome-for-partner-violent-men
#4
Ana I Maldonado, Christopher M Murphy
Resistance to change has been long recognized as a barrier to successful intervention for partner violent individuals. Using archival data from a community-based intimate partner violence (IPV) intervention program, the current study investigated readiness to change as a predictor of treatment engagement and outcome in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for IPV, and examined whether court referral status, antisocial personality characteristics, and borderline personality characteristics moderate these associations...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713294/characteristics-and-pathways-of-long-stay-patients-in-high-and-medium-secure-settings-in-england-a-secondary-publication-from-a-large-mixed-methods-study
#5
Birgit A Völlm, Rachel Edworthy, Nick Huband, Emily Talbot, Shazmin Majid, Jessica Holley, Vivek Furtado, Tim Weaver, Ruth McDonald, Conor Duggan
Background: Many patients experience extended stays within forensic care, but the characteristics of long-stay patients are poorly understood. Aims: To describe the characteristics of long-stay patients in high and medium secure settings in England. Method: Detailed file reviews provided clinical, offending and risk data for a large representative sample of 401 forensic patients from 2 of the 3 high secure settings and from 23 of the 57 medium secure settings in England on 1 April 2013. The threshold for long-stay status was defined as 5 years in medium secure care or 10 years in high secure care, or 15 years in a combination of high and medium secure settings...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697994/affective-traits-of-psychopathy-are-linked-to-white-matter-abnormalities-in-impulsive-male-offenders
#6
Anouk Vermeij, Maaike M Kempes, Maaike J Cima, Rogier B Mars, Inti A Brazil
OBJECTIVE: Psychopathy is a personality disorder typified by lack of empathy and impulsive antisocial behavior. Psychopathic traits may partly relate to disrupted connections between brain regions. The aim of the present study was to link abnormalities in microstructural integrity of white-matter tracts to the severity of different psychopathic traits in 15 male offenders with impulse control problems and 10 without impulse control problems. METHOD: Psychopathic traits were assessed using the Psychopathy Checklist-revised (PCL-R)...
April 26, 2018: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689605/reactive-and-proactive-aggression-as-meaningful-distinctions-at-the-variable-and-person-level-in-primary-school-aged-children
#7
Annemaree Carroll, Molly McCarthy, Stephen Houghton, Emma Sanders O'Connor, Corinne Zadow
Reactive and proactive aggression is a dichotomous classification of aggression in adults and children. This distinction has been supported by a number of variable-based and factor analytic studies. Due to high inter-correlations, however, the reactive-proactive aggression distinction may not be entirely useful for understanding how group or individual aggressive behavior varies in children and adolescents. Drawing on a sample of primary school-aged children (N = 242) aged 7-12 years, this study sought to determine whether reactive and proactive aggression could be distinguished at the variable-level and the person-level in children...
April 24, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682853/prosocial-vs-antisocial-coping-and-general-life-satisfaction-of-youth-with-mild-intellectual-disability
#8
P Kurtek
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to find differences in general life satisfaction in adolescents with mild intellectual disability (MID) with respect to exhibiting a prosocial or an antisocial coping style. According to the ecological approach, using the antisocial style in a competitive school environment (a zero-sum game) may increase personal satisfaction, while in the family, which operates on the principles of 'common good' or 'common failure' (a non-zero-sum game), the antisocial style may reduce general satisfaction of the individual...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676160/movies-in-mind-we-need-to-talk-about-kevin-is-an-antisocial-personality-disorder-born-or-made
#9
Zargham Abbass, Sumit Anand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667482/hot-utilitarianism-and-cold-deontology-insights-from-a-response-patterns-approach-to-sacrificial-and-real-world-dilemmas
#10
Alejandro Rosas, Hugo Viciana, Esteban Caviedes, Alejandra Arciniegas
Research on moral judgment with moral dilemmas suggests that "utilitarian" responses (UR) to sacrificial high-conflict dilemmas are due to decreased harm aversion, not only in individuals with clinical conditions, but also in healthy participants with high scores in antisocial personality traits. We investigated the patterns of responses to different dilemma types in healthy participants and present evidence that some URs to sacrificial dilemmas are morally motivated, as indicated by their empathic concern (EC) or primary psychopathy (PP) scores...
April 18, 2018: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663404/do-psychopathic-birds-of-a-feather-flock-together-psychopathic-personality-traits-and-romantic-preferences
#11
Ashley L Watts, Jessica C Rohr, Katherine L McCauley, Sarah Francis Smith, Kristin Landfield Howe, Scott O Lilienfeld
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present studies was to investigate whether people are especially attracted to psychopathic traits, and whether there are individual differences characteristics in such attraction. METHOD: Female undergraduates (N = 270; Mage = 19; 57% White, 20% Asian, 8% Black) and female and male community members (N = 426, Mage = 37; 56% female; 81% Caucasian, 10% African American, 4% Asian) reported on their own personality and constructed their ideal mate for a dating, short-term, and long-term relationship from a list of 70 characteristics drawn from well-validated criteria for psychopathic personality and diagnostic criteria for DSM-5 personality disorders (PDs)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663396/internet-trolling-and-everyday-sadism-parallel-effects-on-pain-perception-and-moral-judgment
#12
Erin E Buckels, Paul D Trapnell, Tamara Andjelovic, Delroy L Paulhus
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the association between online trolling and sadistic personality; and provide evidence that the reward and rationalization processes at work in sadism are likewise manifest in online trolling. METHOD: Online respondents (total N = 1,715) completed self-report measures of personality and trolling behavior. They subsequently engaged in one of two judgment tasks. In Study 1, respondents viewed stimuli depicting scenes of emotional/physical suffering, and provided ratings of (a) perceived pain intensity and (b) pleasure experienced while viewing the photos...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660674/the-relation-of-borderline-personality-disorder-to-aggression-victimization-and-institutional-misconduct-among-prisoners
#13
Kelly E Moore, Robyn L Gobin, Heather L McCauley, Chien-Wen Kao, Stephanie M Anthony, Sheryl Kubiak, Caron Zlotnick, Jennifer E Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is highly prevalent among incarcerated populations; however, research has yet to examine whether prisoners diagnosed with BPD experience greater interpersonal dysfunction and institutional misconduct while incarcerated. PROCEDURE: This study drew from a sample of 184 male and female prisoners diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) in a randomized trial of depression treatment. The presence of a BPD diagnosis (n = 69) was analyzed as a predictor of disciplinary incidents/infractions (i...
March 21, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658091/improving-the-evidence-base-for-services-working-with-youth-at-risk-of-involvement-in-the-criminal-justice-system-developing-a-standardised-program-approach
#14
Alice Knight, Myfanwy Maple, Anthony Shakeshaft, Bernie Shakehsaft, Tania Pearce
BACKGROUND: Young people who engage in multiple risk behaviour (high-risk young people) such as substance abuse, antisocial behaviour, low engagement in education and employment, self-harm or suicide ideation are more likely to experience serious harms later in life including homelessness, incarceration, violence and premature death. In addition to personal disadvantage, these harms represent an avoidable social and economic cost to society. Despite these harms, there is insufficient evidence about how to improve outcomes for high-risk young people...
April 16, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652220/meeting-the-needs-of-young-adolescents-abbl-anti-bullying-program-during-middle-school-transition
#15
Małgorzata Wójcik, Anna M Hełka
This article introduces ABBL, the anti-bullying program for the transition to middle school, which was designed as a free, feasible, and easily applicable solution for teachers who, for any reason, cannot take advantage of comprehensive anti-bullying school-based programs. The ABBL, based on the identification of the causal risk factors and mechanisms that lead to bullying, aims to influence the peer group in such a way that students do not reward antisocial behaviors and are, instead, able to create supportive class atmospheres and strong networks of personal attachments...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644474/risk-factors-for-parental-psychopathology-a-study-in-families-with-children-or-adolescents-with-psychopathology
#16
L W Wesseldijk, G C Dieleman, F J A van Steensel, M Bartels, J J Hudziak, R J L Lindauer, S M Bögels, C M Middeldorp
The parents of children with psychopathology are at increased risk for psychiatric symptoms. To investigate which parents are mostly at risk, we assessed in a clinical sample of families with children with psychopathology, whether parental symptom scores can be predicted by offspring psychiatric diagnoses and other child, parent and family characteristics. Parental depressive, anxiety, avoidant personality, attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD), and antisocial personality symptoms were measured with the Adult Self Report in 1805 mothers and 1361 fathers of 1866 children with a psychiatric diagnosis as assessed in a child and adolescent psychiatric outpatient clinic...
April 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611335/the-prevalence-of-comorbid-alcohol-use-disorder-in-the-presence-of-personality-disorder-systematic-review-and-explanatory-modelling
#17
Nikki Guy, Giles Newton-Howes, Hannah Ford, Jonathan Williman, James Foulds
Comorbid personality disorder (PD) worsens outcome in mental state disorders; however, the proportion of people with PD who have an alcohol use disorder (AUD) is poorly described. A systematic review of the literature for studies reporting on AUD in those with PD was completed. Lifetime prevalence figures were meta-analysed using multilevel models, accounting for type of PD and population examined. Sixteen unique studies contributed data to the analysis. PD type accounted for most of the heterogeneity in lifetime AUD prevalence...
April 2, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609984/evaluating-the-role-of-functional-impairment-in-personality-psychopathology
#18
Jennifer K Boland, Tatjana Damnjanovic, Jaime L Anderson
DSM-5's Section III Alternative Model for Personality Disorder (AMPD) model states that an individual must show impairment in self and interpersonal functioning for PD diagnosis. The current study investigated dimensional personality trait associations with impairment, including differential patterns of impairment across specific PDs, and whether traits have improved our assessment of functional impairment in PDs. Two-hundred and seventy-seven participants were administered measures of Antisocial PD, Avoidant PD, Borderline PD, Narcissistic PD, Obsessive-Compulsive PD, and Schizotypal PD from the perspectives of Section II (PDQ-4) and Section III (PID-5) PD models, as well as measures of functional impairment in interpersonal and intrapersonal domains...
March 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608132/mental-health-and-substance-use-disorder-comorbidity-among-methamphetamine-using-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#19
Jesse B Fletcher, Dallas Swendeman, Cathy J Reback
Men who have sex with men (MSM) exhibit elevated rates of mental health and substance use disorder relative to their non-MSM male counterparts. Methamphetamine use in particular has been associated with both neuronal damage and mental health disorders among MSM, and this study reports on the prevalence and comorbidity of DSM-5 mental health and substance use disorders in a sample of methamphetamine-using MSM. From March 2014 through January 2015, 286 methamphetamine-using MSM enrolled in a study to reduce methamphetamine use and sexual risk behaviors...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581934/the-developmental-nature-of-the-victim-offender-overlap
#20
Amber L Beckley, Avshalom Caspi, Louise Arseneault, J C Barnes, Helen L Fisher, Honalee Harrington, Renate Houts, Nick Morgan, Candice L Odgers, Jasmin Wertz, Terrie E Moffitt
Purpose: It is well-established that victims and offenders are often the same people, a phenomenon known as the victim-offender overlap, but the developmental nature of this overlap remains uncertain. In this study, we drew from a developmental theoretical framework to test effects of genetics, individual characteristics, and routine-activity-based risks. Drawing from developmental literature, we additionally tested the effect of an accumulation of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs)...
March 2018: Journal of Developmental and Life-course Criminology
keyword
keyword
39753
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"