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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217492/the-potential-role-of-ideal-mri-for-identification-of-lipids-and-hemorrhage-in-carotid-artery-plaques
#1
Faisal Khosa, Rachel E Clough, Xiaoen Wang, Ananth J Madhuranthakam, Robert L Greenman
Hemorrhage and lipid deposits contribute to instability in atherosclerotic plaques. Unstable carotid artery plaques can lead to cerebral ischemic events. While MRI studies have shown the ability to identify plaque components, the identification of hemorrhage and lipids has proven to be problematic. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the potential of the MRI fat/water separation method known as iterative decomposition of water and fat with echo asymmetry and least squares estimation (IDEAL) to complement and improve existing methods for the identification of hemorrhage and lipids in carotid artery plaques...
December 4, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205679/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-human-parechovirus-and-enterovirus-infections-in-febrile-infants
#2
Kentaro Sano, Hiromichi Hamada, Shoko Hirose, Kenta Sugiura, Satoko Harada, Mai Koizumi, Mayumi Hara, Haruna Nishijima, Masakatsu Taira, Atsushi Ogura, Tomoko Ogawa, Jun-Ichi Takanashi
BACKGROUND: Human parechovirus (HPeV) and human non-polio enterovirus (EV) are important causes of fever without sources (FWS) in young infants. Their prevalence and clinical characteristics are largely unknown in Asian countries. This study was conducted to elucidate the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of HPeV and EV infections in febrile young infants in Japan. METHODS: During February 2010 - August 2015, we obtained 53 stool, 44 throat swab, and 20 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from 56 infants (<3 months) with FWS at a single hospital...
December 5, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185959/recommendations-for-the-use-of-biologics-and-other-novel-drugs-in-the-treatment-of-psoriatic-arthritis-2017-update-from-the-italian-society-of-rheumatology
#3
Antonio Marchesoni, Ignazio Olivieri, Carlo Salvarani, Nicolò Pipitone, Salvatore D'Angelo, Alessandro Mathieu, Alberto Cauli, Leonardo Punzi, Roberta Ramonda, Raffaele Scarpa, Mara Maccarone, Ennio Lubrano
OBJECTIVES: To update the 2011 Italian Society of Rheumatology (SIR) recommendations for the use of biologics and other novel agents in the treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: To create this new set of recommendations, the SIR "Spondyloartritis and Psoriatic Arthritis study group - A. Spadaro" went through the following steps: literature search, identification of the items of interests for each of the four previously identified clinical domains of PsA and the different treatment phases, achievement of the consensus on all topics, and generation of the recommendations...
November 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179281/-effects-of-different-computed-high-b-values-on-diffusion-weighted-imaging-scores-in-prostate-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-version-2-of-prostate-cancer-in-peripheral-zone
#4
W Wang, Z H Shao, J Q Zeng, D L Wu, G L Wang, P J Wang
Objective: To determine the effects of different computed high b-value on diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) scores in Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADS v2) of prostate cancer in peripheral zone. Methods: A retrospective study of 104 cases of prostate cancer in peripheral zone was conducted, all of the patients were histopathologically confirmed by transrectal ultrasound guided saturation biopsy or radical prostatectomy in Tongji Hospital of Tongji University from January 2012 to December 2015...
November 21, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166908/mathematical-models-for-predicting-human-mobility-in-the-context-of-infectious-disease-spread-introducing-the-impedance-model
#5
Kankoé Sallah, Roch Giorgi, Linus Bengtsson, Xin Lu, Erik Wetter, Paul Adrien, Stanislas Rebaudet, Renaud Piarroux, Jean Gaudart
BACKGROUND: Mathematical models of human mobility have demonstrated a great potential for infectious disease epidemiology in contexts of data scarcity. While the commonly used gravity model involves parameter tuning and is thus difficult to implement without reference data, the more recent radiation model based on population densities is parameter-free, but biased. In this study we introduce the new impedance model, by analogy with electricity. Previous research has compared models on the basis of a few specific available spatial patterns...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147641/severity-of-acute-zika-virus-infection-a-prospective-emergency-room-surveillance-study-during-the-2015-2016-outbreak-in-suriname
#6
Pieter Vroon, Jimmy Roosblad, Fauzia Poese, Jan Wilschut, John Codrington, Stephen Vreden, Rens Zonneveld
Acute Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is usually mild and self-limiting. Earlier, we reported three cases of fatal acute ZIKV infection in patients without typical signs of ZIKV, but rather with criteria of systemic inflammation response syndrome (SIRS). To follow up these observations, we prospectively included patients at the emergency room with temperature instability and suspected to have acute ZIKV infection, SIRS, or both. A total of 102 patients were included of whom N = 21 (21%) were suspected of acute ZIKV infection, N = 56 (55%) of acute ZIKV infection with SIRS criteria, and N = 25 (24%) of SIRS alone...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138874/using-il-6-concentrations-in-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-following-trauma-to-predict-immunological-complications-and-mortality-in-trauma-patients-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Zhi Qiao, Weikang Wang, Luxu Yin, Peng Luo, Johannes Greven, Klemens Horst, Frank Hildebrand
PURPOSE: In previous studies, interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been shown to have a high predictive value for the development of complications and mortality after trauma; however, there is some uncertainty around these results. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the value of early IL-6 levels (within the first 24 h after trauma) for predicting post-traumatic complications [acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), sepsis, multiple organ failure (MOF), and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS)] and mortality...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127841/comparison-of-the-performance-of-sofa-qsofa-and-sirs-for-predicting-mortality-and-organ-failure-among-sepsis-patients-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-unit-in-a-middle-income-country
#8
Bodin Khwannimit, Rungsun Bhurayanontachai, Veerapong Vattanavanit
INTRODUCTION: The Sepsis-3 definition provides a change of two or more scores from zero or a known baseline of the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) as criteria of sepsis. The aim of this study was to compare the SOFA score and the quick SOFA (qSOFA) to Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) criteria in predictive ability of mortality and organ failure. METHODS: A-10year retrospective cohort study was conducted in a teaching hospital in Thailand...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127214/sofa-criteria-predict-infection-related-in-hospital-mortality-in-icu-patients-better-than-sirs-criteria-and-the-qsofa-score
#9
Erik Solligård, Jan Kristian Damås
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124246/validation-of-apache-ii-scoring-system-at-24-hours-after-admission-as-a-prognostic-tool-in-urosepsis-a-prospective-observational-study
#10
Sundaramoorthy VijayGanapathy, VIlvapathy Senguttuvan Karthikeyan, Jayaram Sreenivas, Ashwin Mallya, Ramaiah Keshavamurthy
Purpose: Urosepsis implies clinically evident severe infection of urinary tract with features of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). We validate the role of a single Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score at 24 hours after admission in predicting mortality in urosepsis. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was done in 178 patients admitted with urosepsis in the Department of Urology, in a tertiary care institute from January 2015 to August 2016...
November 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100549/low-sensitivity-of-qsofa-sirs-criteria-and-sepsis-definition-to-identify-infected-patients-at-risk-of-complication-in-the-prehospital-setting-and-at-the-emergency-department-triage
#11
Selin Tusgul, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Bertrand Yersin, Thierry Calandra, Fabrice Dami
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a host response to infection. The quick SOFA (qSOFA) score has been recently proposed as a new bedside clinical score to identify patients with suspected infection at risk of complication (intensive care unit (ICU) admission, in-hospital mortality). The aim of this study was to measure the sensitivity of the qSOFA score, SIRS criteria and sepsis definitions to identify the most serious sepsis cases in the prehospital setting and at the emergency department (ED) triage...
November 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080144/association-of-systemic-inflammatory-and-anti-inflammatory-responses-with-adverse-outcomes-in-acute-pancreatitis-preliminary-results-of-an-ongoing-study
#12
Deepesh Sharma, Aparna Jakkampudi, Ratnakar Reddy, Panyala Balakumar Reddy, Aasish Patil, H V V Murthy, G Venkat Rao, D Nageshwar Reddy, Rupjyoti Talukdar
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports preliminary data of an ongoing study that evaluates the association of systemic inflammatory response (SIRS) with early severe acute pancreatitis (ESAP) and compensatory anti-inflammatory response syndrome (characterized by HLA-DR down-regulation) with infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN). METHODS: Consecutive patients presenting within 72 h of symptom onset with organ dysfunction and/or local complications were included. Following parameters were recorded: demographics, etiology, SIRS, APACHE II, creatinine, BUN...
December 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076484/-features-of-cytokines-profile-in-various-forms-of-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-in-patients-with-acute-calculous-cholecystitis
#13
Dzh N Gadzhiev, N Dzh Gadzhiev, Z B Mamedova
AIM: Comparative evaluation of systemic concentration of some cytokines in various forms of SIR in patients with acute calculous cholecystitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 32 patients with acute calculous cholecystitis and SIR. According to ASSR/SCCM criteria SIR 2 was in 11, SIR 3 - in 8, SIR 4 - in 7 patients, 6 patients had sepsis. Serum TNF-α, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-10 were determined prior to surgery, in 3 and 7 days postoperatively by using of ELISA...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037526/sirs-in-the-time-of-sepsis-3
#14
Steven Q Simpson
Severe sepsis is a common, deadly, and diagnostically vexing condition. Recent recommendations for diagnosing sepsis, referred to as consensus guidelines, provide a definition of sepsis and remove the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) as a component of the diagnostic process. A concise definition of sepsis is welcomed. However, the approach to developing these guidelines, although thorough, had weaknesses. Emphasis is placed on mortality prediction rather than on early diagnosis. Diagnostic criteria are recommended to replace current criteria without evidence of any effect that their use would have on mortality...
October 14, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035701/does-sofa-predict-outcomes-better-than-sirs-in-brazilian-icu-patients-with-suspected-infection-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Regis Goulart Rosa, Rafael Barberena Moraes, Thiago Costa Lisboa, Daniel Pretto Schunemann, Cassiano Teixeira
We compared the discriminatory capacity of the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) versus the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) score for predicting ICU mortality, need for and length of mechanical ventilation, ICU stay, and hospitalization in patients with suspected infection admitted to a mixed Brazilian ICU. We performed a retrospective analysis of a longitudinal ICU database from a tertiary hospital in Southern Brazil. Patients were categorized according to whether they met the criteria for sepsis according to SOFA (variation ≥2 points over the baseline clinical condition) and SIRS (SIRS score ≥2 points)...
October 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016432/is-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-relevant-to-pulmonary-complications-and-mortality-in-multiply-injured-children
#16
Waleed Al-Mahdi, Mazen M Ibrahim, David A Spiegel, Alexandre Arkader, Michael Nance, Keith Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is a well-recognized phenomenon in adult trauma populations. The "initial hit" of the traumatic event is often coupled with a systemic immune response characterized by changes in vital signs and laboratory indicators. A "second hit" from surgery during this time frame often results in acute lung injury, along with deterioration of the patient's clinical condition. We hypothesized that children and adolescents would experience SIRS physiology, but would not experience adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or "second hit" related death to the extent seen in the adult populations...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993134/sepsis-caused-by-bloodstream-infection-in-patients-in-the-intensive-care-unit-the-impact-of-inactive-empiric-antimicrobial-therapy-on-outcome
#17
Daniel Brooks, Padmaja Polubothu, D Young, M G Booth, A Smith
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is one of the leading causes of death in the UK. AIMS: The aims of this study were to identify the rate of inactive antimicrobial therapy (AMT) in the ICU and whether inactive AMT had an effect on in hospital mortality, ICU mortality, 90-day mortality and length of hospital stay. Additionally, we wanted to identify risk factors for receiving inactive AMT. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study conducted at Glasgow Royal Infirmary ICU between January 2010 and December 2013, with 12,000 blood cultures taken over this time period, of which n=127 were deemed clinically significant...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990576/publication-rates-of-abstracts-presented-at-major-interventional-radiology-conferences
#18
Ravi Shergill, Hussam Kaka, Sean A Kennedy, Mark O Baerlocher
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the publication rate and factors predictive of publication of oral presentations at the annual meetings of the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology Society of Europe (CIRSE) and the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR). METHODS: Keywords and authors from oral presentation abstracts at the 2012 CIRSE and SIR annual meetings were used to search PubMed and GoogleScholar for subsequent publication. Logistic regression was performed to identify whether number of authors, country of origin, subject category, methodology, study type, and/or study results were predictive of publication...
October 6, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977201/relationship-between-high-red-cell-distribution-width-and-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-after-extracorporeal-circulation
#19
Harsh Sateesh Seth, Prashant Mishra, Jayant V Khandekar, Chaitanya Raut, Chandan Kumar Ray Mohapatra, Ganesh Kumar K Ammannaya, Jaskaran Singh Saini, Vaibhav Shah
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac surgical operations involving extracorporeal circulation may develop severe inflammatory response. This severe inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is usually associated with poor outcome with no predictive marker. Red cell distribution width (RDW) is a routine hematological marker with a role in inflammation. We aim to determine the relationship between RDW and SIRS through our study. METHODS: A total of 1250 patients who underwent cardiac surgery with extracorporeal circulation were retrospectively analyzed out of which 26 fell into the SIRS criteria and 26 consecutive control patients were taken...
July 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965741/novel-biomarkers-for-sepsis-a-narrative-review
#20
Frederik Fruergaard Larsen, J Asger Petersen
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a prevalent condition among hospitalized patients that carries a high risk of morbidity and mortality. Rapid recognition of sepsis as the cause of deterioration is desirable, so effective treatment can be initiated rapidly. Traditionally, diagnosis was based on presence of two or more positive SIRS criteria due to infection. However, recently published sepsis-3 criteria put more emphasis on organ dysfunction caused by infection in the definition of sepsis. Regardless of this, no gold standard for diagnosis exist, and clinicians still rely on a number of traditional and novel biomarkers to discriminate between patients with and without infection, as the cause of deterioration...
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
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