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Lower and lower middle income countries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927380/financial-burden-of-survivors-of-medically-managed-myocardial-infarction-and-its-association-with-selected-social-determinants-and-quality-of-life-in-a-lower-middle-income-country
#1
P K B Mahesh, M W Gunathunga, S Jayasinghe, S M Arnold, D S V Mallawarachchi, S K Perera, U A D Wijesinghe
BACKGROUND: Burden from ischemic heart disease is rising in Sri Lanka due to the demographic and epidemiological transitions. Documented literature is scarce on quality of life, financial burden and its determinants in relation to myocardial infarction (MI). This study was done to describe the financial burden among the survivors of MI managed only with drugs (i.e. those who did not undergo Percutaneous Coronary Intervention or Coronary Artery Bypass Graft) and its association with selected social determinants (SDHs) and quality of life (QOL)...
September 19, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926009/improving-the-delivery-of-veterinary-services-in-africa-insights-from-the-empirical-application-of-transaction-costs-theory-in-uganda-and-kenya
#2
J Ilukor
This paper presents a summary of findings from a research project that examined institutional arrangements for providing animal health services in Uganda and Kenya. Given the need to find solutions to the pervasive governance challenges encountered in the delivery of veterinary services in Africa, the study applied transaction economics theory to generate recommendations on how to improve the delivery of these services and minimise livestock production risks, including those that pose a risk to human health, e...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911764/global-respiratory-syncytial-virus-associated-mortality-in-young-children-rsv-gold-a-retrospective-case-series
#3
Nienke M Scheltema, Angela Gentile, Florencia Lucion, D James Nokes, Patrick K Munywoki, Shabir A Madhi, Michelle J Groome, Cheryl Cohen, Jocelyn Moyes, Kentigern Thorburn, Somsak Thamthitiwat, Hitoshi Oshitani, Socorro P Lupisan, Aubree Gordon, José F Sánchez, Katherine L O'Brien, Bradford D Gessner, Agustinus Sutanto, Asuncion Mejias, Octavio Ramilo, Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Natasha Halasa, Fernanda de-Paris, Márcia Rosane Pires, Michael C Spaeder, Bosco A Paes, Eric A F Simões, Ting F Leung, Maria Tereza da Costa Oliveira, Carla Cecília de Freitas Lázaro Emediato, Quique Bassat, Warwick Butt, Hsin Chi, Uzma Bashir Aamir, Asad Ali, Marilla G Lucero, Rodrigo A Fasce, Olga Lopez, Barbara A Rath, Fernando P Polack, Jesse Papenburg, Srđan Roglić, Hisato Ito, Edward A Goka, Diederick E Grobbee, Harish Nair, Louis J Bont
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is an important cause of pneumonia mortality in young children. However, clinical data for fatal RSV infection are scarce. We aimed to identify clinical and socioeconomic characteristics of children aged younger than 5 years with RSV-related mortality using individual patient data. METHODS: In this retrospective case series, we developed an online questionnaire to obtain individual patient data for clinical and socioeconomic characteristics of children aged younger than 5 years who died with community-acquired RSV infection between Jan 1, 1995, and Oct 31, 2015, through leading research groups for child pneumonia identified through a comprehensive literature search and existing research networks...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905447/assessment-of-the-quality-of-neonatal-care-in-the-solomon-islands
#4
Shidan Tosif, Titus Nasi, Amy Gray, Nahad Sadr-Azodi, Divi Ogaoga, Trevor Duke
AIM: To identify strengths and obstacles for improving the quality of newborn care in the Solomon Islands. Improving the quality of newborn care is a priority in the Sustainable Development Goals and the Action Plan for Healthy Newborns in the Western Pacific. The neonatal mortality rate in the Solomon Islands, a lower-middle-income country, has improved slower than overall child mortality. In 2013, neonatal mortality (13.2/1000) constituted 44% of under-5 deaths (30.1/1000). METHODS: A cross-sectional study of newborn care in five provincial hospitals using a World Health Organization assessment tool for hospital quality of care...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902687/evidence-implementation-in-lower-and-middle-income-countries-where-the-recipe-is-incomplete
#5
Patrick M Okwen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899545/a-different-rhythm-of-life-sleep-patterns-in-the-first-4-years-of-life-and-associated-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-a-large-brazilian-birth-cohort
#6
Elena Netsi, Ina S Santos, Alan Stein, Fernando C Barros, Aluísio J D Barros, Alicia Matijasevich
OBJECTIVE: Sleep is an important marker of healthy development and has been associated with emotional, behavioral, and cognitive development. There is limited longitudinal data on children's sleep with only a few reports from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We investigate sleep parameters and associated sociodemographic characteristics in a population-based longitudinal study in Pelotas, Brazil. METHODS: Data from the Pelotas 2004 Birth Cohort were used (N = 3842)...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895921/food-and-beverage-marketing-in-schools-a-review-of-the-evidence
#7
REVIEW
Cayley E Velazquez, Jennifer L Black, Monique Potvin Kent
Despite growing interest from government agencies, non-governmental organizations and school boards in restricting or regulating unhealthy food and beverage marketing to children, limited research has examined the emerging knowledge base regarding school-based food and beverage marketing in high-income countries. This review examined current approaches for measuring school food and beverage marketing practices, and evidence regarding the extent of exposure and hypothesized associations with children's diet-related outcomes...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894729/procalcitonin-for-diagnostics-and-treatment-decisions-in-pediatric-lower-respiratory-tract-infections
#8
Philipp Baumann, Gurli Baer, Jessica Bonhoeffer, Aline Fuchs, Verena Gotta, Ulrich Heininger, Nicole Ritz, Gabor Szinnai, Jan Bonhoeffer
Mortality and morbidity remain high in pediatric lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) despite progress in research and implementation of global diagnostic and treatment strategies in the last decade. Still, 120 million annual episodes of pneumonia affect children younger than 5 years each year leading to 1.3 million fatalities with the major burden of disease carried by low- and middle-income countries (95%). The definition of pneumonia is still challenging. Traditional diagnostic measures (i.e., chest radiographs, C-reactive protein) are unable to distinguish viral and from bacterial etiology...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890948/green-environment-and-incident-depression-in-south-africa-a-geospatial-analysis-and-mental-health-implications-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#9
Andrew Tomita, Alain M Vandormael, Diego Cuadros, Enrico Di Minin, Vuokko Heikinheimo, Frank Tanser, Rob Slotow, Jonathan K Burns
BACKGROUND: Unprecedented levels of habitat transformation and rapid urbanisation are changing the way individuals interrelate with the natural environment in developing countries with high economic disparities. Although the potential benefit of green environments for mental health has been recognised, population-level evidence to this effect is scarce. We investigated the effect of green living environment in potentially countering incident depression in a nationally representative survey in South Africa...
July 2017: The Lancet. Planetary health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885571/prevalence-causes-and-social-factors-of-visual-impairment-among-chinese-adults-based-on-a-national-survey
#10
Chao Guo, Zhenjie Wang, Ping He, Gong Chen, Xiaoying Zheng
Visual impairment has become a global challenge, especially for developing countries. This study aims to estimate the prevalence, causes and social factors of visual impairment among Chinese adults. Data were from a nationally representative population-based cross-sectional study. The study population were 1,909,199 non-institutionalized adults aged 18 years and older in mainland China. In the survey, low vision and blindness were checked by ophthalmologists according to the WHO best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) criteria...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883889/a-review-of-factors-affecting-the-transfer-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-training-into-practice-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-country-humanitarian-settings
#11
Kristen Beek, Angela Dawson, Anna Whelan
BACKGROUND: A lack of access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among displaced women and girls of reproductive age. Efforts to address this public health emergency in humanitarian settings have included the widespread delivery of training programmes to address gaps in health worker capacity for SRH. There remains a lack of data on the factors which may affect the ability of health workers to apply SRH knowledge and skills gained through training programmes in humanitarian contexts...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882916/incidence-of-laboratory-confirmed-influenza-disease-among-infants-under-6-months-of-age-a-systematic-review
#12
Deshayne B Fell, Jeanene Johnson, Zohar Mor, Mark A Katz, Becky Skidmore, Kathleen M Neuzil, Justin R Ortiz, Niranjan Bhat
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to assess incidence rates of laboratory-confirmed influenza (LCI) outcomes among infants under 6 months of age. DESIGN: Systematic literature search and review of indexed studies in PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and CINAHL Plus from inception to 19 April 2017. SETTING: Population-based estimates from community or hospital settings. PARTICIPANTS: Infants under 6 months of age...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876674/an-analysis-of-the-inequalities-between-the-public-and-private-sector-in-south-africa
#13
A J Dell, D Kahn, J Klopper
BACKGROUND: The full extent of the global burden of surgical disease is largely unknown; however, the scope of the problem is thought to be large. Despite the substantial burden of surgical disease, surgical services are inaccessible to many of those who need them most. There are disparities between public and private sectors in South Africa, which compounds inequitable access to surgical care. METHOD: This study involved a descriptive analysis of surgical resources and included the total number of hospitals, hospital beds, surgical beds, general surgeons (specialist and nonspecialist), and the number of functional operating theatres in South Africa...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876568/an-analysis-of-the-inequalities-between-the-public-and-private-sector-in-south-africa
#14
A Dell, D Kahn, J Klopper
BACKGROUND: The full extent of the global burden of surgical disease is largely unknown, however, the scope of the problem is thought to be large. Despite the substantial burden of surgical disease, surgical services are inaccessible to many of those who need them most. There are disparities between public and private sectors in South Africa, which compounds inequitable access to surgical care. METHOD: This study involved a descriptive analysis of surgical resources and included the total number of hospitals, of hospital beds, the number of surgical beds, the number of general surgeons (specialist and non-specialist), and the number of functional operating theatres in South Africa...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875869/red-meat-intake-is-positively-associated-with-non-fatal-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-the-costa-rica-heart-study
#15
Dongqing Wang, Hannia Campos, Ana Baylin
The adverse effect of red meat consumption on the risk for CVD is a major population health concern, especially in developing Hispanic/Latino countries in which there are clear trends towards increased consumption. This population-based case-control study examined the associations between total, processed and unprocessed red meat intakes and non-fatal acute myocardial infarction (MI) in Costa Rica. The study included 2131 survivors of a first non-fatal acute MI and 2131 controls individually matched by age, sex and area of residence...
August 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874497/mortality-in-rural-china-declined-as-health-insurance-coverage-increased-but-no-evidence-the-two-are-linked
#16
Maigeng Zhou, Shiwei Liu, M Kate Bundorf, Karen Eggleston, Sen Zhou
Health insurance holds the promise of improving population health and survival and protecting people from catastrophic health spending. Yet evidence from lower- and middle-income countries on the impact of health insurance is limited. We investigated whether insurance expansion reduced adult mortality in rural China, taking advantage of differences across Chinese counties in the timing of the introduction of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS). We assembled and analyzed newly collected data on NCMS implementation, linked to data from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention on cause-specific, age-standardized death rates and variables specific to county-year combinations for seventy-two counties in the period 2004-12...
September 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870148/accumulation-of-hiv-1-drug-resistance-in-patients-on-a-standard-thymidine-analogue-based-first-line-antiretroviral-therapy-after-virological-failure-implications-for-the-activity-of-next-line-regimens-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-mozambique
#17
Andrea De Luca, Zita Jorge Sidumo, Giacomo Zanelli, Noorjehan Abdul Magid, Richard Luhanga, Davide Brambilla, Giuseppe Liotta, Sandro Mancinelli, Maria Cristina Marazzi, Leonardo Palombi, Susanna Ceffa
BACKGROUND: We describe the accumulation of HIV-1 drug resistance and its effect on the activity of next-line components in patients with virological failure (HIV-1 RNA >1000 copies/mL) after 1 year (t1) of first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) not switching to second-line drugs for one additional year (t2) in low-middle income countries (LMIC). METHODS AND RESULTS: We selected 48 patients from the DREAM cohort (Maputo, Mozambique); their median pre-ART CD4+ cell count was 165 cells/μl...
September 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864331/fruit-vegetable-and-legume-intake-and-cardiovascular-disease-and-deaths-in-18-countries-pure-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Victoria Miller, Andrew Mente, Mahshid Dehghan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Xiaohe Zhang, Sumathi Swaminathan, Gilles Dagenais, Rajeev Gupta, Viswanathan Mohan, Scott Lear, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Aletta E Schutte, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Alvaro Avezum, Yuksel Altuntas, Khalid Yusoff, Noorhassim Ismail, Nasheeta Peer, Jephat Chifamba, Rafael Diaz, Omar Rahman, Noushin Mohammadifard, Fernando Lana, Katarzyna Zatonska, Andreas Wielgosz, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Romaina Iqbal, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Rasha Khatib, Annika Rosengren, V Raman Kutty, Wei Li, Jiankang Liu, Xiaoyun Liu, Lu Yin, Koon Teo, Sonia Anand, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: The association between intake of fruits, vegetables, and legumes with cardiovascular disease and deaths has been investigated extensively in Europe, the USA, Japan, and China, but little or no data are available from the Middle East, South America, Africa, or south Asia. METHODS: We did a prospective cohort study (Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology [PURE] in 135 335 individuals aged 35 to 70 years without cardiovascular disease from 613 communities in 18 low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries in seven geographical regions: North America and Europe, South America, the Middle East, south Asia, China, southeast Asia, and Africa...
August 28, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864143/association-of-dietary-nutrients-with-blood-lipids-and-blood-pressure-in-18-countries-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-pure-study
#19
Andrew Mente, Mahshid Dehghan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Matthew McQueen, Gilles Dagenais, Andreas Wielgosz, Scott Lear, Wei Li, Hui Chen, Sun Yi, Yang Wang, Rafael Diaz, Alvaro Avezum, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Pamela Seron, Rajesh Kumar, Rajeev Gupta, Viswanathan Mohan, Sumathi Swaminathan, Raman Kutty, Katarzyna Zatonska, Romaina Iqbal, Rita Yusuf, Noushin Mohammadifard, Rasha Khatib, Nafiza Mat Nasir, Noorhassim Ismail, Aytekin Oguz, Annika Rosengren, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Thandi Puoane, Jephat Chifamba, Koon Teo, Sonia S Anand, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: The relation between dietary nutrients and cardiovascular disease risk markers in many regions worldwide is unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of dietary nutrients on blood lipids and blood pressure, two of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular disease, in low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries. METHODS: We studied 125 287 participants from 18 countries in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, and Asia in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study...
August 28, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857354/authorship-in-pediatric-research-conducted-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-parity-or-parasitism
#20
Chris A Rees, Heather Lukolyo, Elizabeth M Keating, Kirk A Dearden, Samuel A Luboga, Gordon E Schutze, Peter N Kazembe
OBJECTIVES: Interest in global health has increased greatly in the past two decades. Concomitantly, the number and complexity of research partnerships between high-income (HIC) and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has grown. We aimed to determine if there is authorship parity (equitable representation and author order) or parasitism (no authors from study countries) in pediatric research conducted in LMICs. METHODS: We reviewed all articles published from 2006-2015 in the four pediatric journals with the highest Eigenfactor scores...
August 31, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
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