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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226350/-value-of-endoscopy-application-in-the-management-of-complications-after-radical-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#1
Yiqun Zhang, Pinghong Zhou
Endoscopy plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of postoperative complications of gastric cancer. Endoscopic intervention can avoid the second operation and has attracted wide attention. Early gastric anastomotic bleeding after gastrectomy is the most common. With the development of technology, emergency endoscopy and endoscopic hemostasis provide a new treatment approach. According to the specific circumstances, endoscopists can choose metal clamp to stop bleeding, electrocoagulation hemostasis, local injection of epinephrine or sclerotherapy agents, and spraying specific hemostatic agents...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208923/long-term-outcome-in-patients-with-esophageal-stenting-for-cancer-esophagus-our-experience-at-a-rural-hospital-of-punjab-india
#2
Parvinder Singh, Abhitesh Singh, Anantbir Singh, Ghansham Sharma, Parmod Kumar Bhatia, Amarjeet Singh Grover
INTRODUCTION: Cancer of the esophagus is among the leading cause of cancer deaths in Punjab, India. Patients generally present with dysphagia as their first symptom and more often they have advanced disease at the time of presentation to a tertiary care centre. Palliative procedures have important roles in this setting. Stenting is the best option to palliate the symptoms of dysphagia, from which patient is suffering the most. AIM: To know the success rate, early and long term complications and mortality in esophageal stenting, when it was done in malignant esophageal stricture patients...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181138/endoscopically-guided-laparoscopic-gastrojejunostomy-tube-placement-for-patients-with-distal-esophageal-stents
#3
Marlieke E Nussenbaum, Edward Y Chan, Min P Kim, Puja G Khaitan
Patients with distal esophageal pathology such as perforation, trachea-esophageal fistulae, and/ or obstructing gastroesophageal junction tumor present a challenging situation in terms of feeding access where an esophageal stent is placed across the gastroesophageal junction. In order to allow simultaneous gastric decompression and post-pyloric feeds without significant reflux up through the stent, a gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tube is a viable option. We hereby describe a hybrid approach to placing these GJ tubes in this cohort of patients using simultaneous laparoscopy, endoscopy, and fluoroscopy with minimal manipulation of the stent itself...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144066/erosion-of-esophageal-stent-into-left-main-bronchus-causing-airway-compromise
#4
S Aneeshkumar, L Sundararajan, Rajan Santosham, Rajkumar Palaniappan, Ubal Dhus
Covered or uncovered self-expanding metal stents are currently used for the palliative treatment of neoplastic esophageal strictures or compressions and esophageal leaks or fistulas due to malignancies. Erosion of esophageal stents into the respiratory tract is a rare complication and that too has been reported mostly as an early complication within few days or weeks. Here, we present the case of a 31-year-old female, who presented with a late complication of an esophageal stent eroding into the left main bronchus causing respiratory distress...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137598/prospective-trial-of-biodegradable-stents-for-refractory-benign-esophageal-strictures-after-curative-treatment-of-esophageal-cancer
#5
Tomonori Yano, Yusuke Yoda, Shogo Nomura, Kayo Toyosaki, Hiromi Hasegawa, Hiroyuki Ono, Masaki Tanaka, Hiroyuki Morimoto, Takahiro Horimatsu, Satoru Nonaka, Kazuhiro Kaneko, Akihiro Sato
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Biodegradable stents are reportedly effective for refractory benign esophageal stricture, however little is known for patients with refractory stricture after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) or chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for esophageal cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of biodegradable stents for these patients. METHODS: Patients with refractory benign esophageal stricture who had a 2 or worse dysphagia score (DS) and for whom the passage of a standard size endoscope was not possible, were eligible...
January 27, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137596/ew-7197-a-activin-like-kinase-5-inhibitor-suppresses-granulation-tissue-after-stent-placement-in-rat-esophagus
#6
Eun Jung Jun, Jung-Hoon Park, Jiaywei Tsauo, Su-Geun Yang, Dae-Kee Kim, Kun Yung Kim, Min Tae Kim, Sung Hwan Yoon, Young Je Lim, Ho-Young Song
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Self-expanding metallic stent (SEMS) placement is a well-established method for treating malignant esophageal strictures; however, this procedure has not gained widespread acceptance for treating benign esophageal strictures because of the granulation tissue formation. The aim of the present study was to investigate if EW-7197, a novel per-oral transforming growth factor-β type I receptor kinase inhibitor, suppressed granulation tissue formation after SEMS placement in the rat esophagus...
January 27, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122632/management-of-gastric-conduit-dehiscence-with-self-expanding-metal-stents-a-case-report-on-salvaging-the-gastric-conduit
#7
Diana H Liang, Leonora M Meisenbach, Min P Kim, Edward Y Chan, Puja Gaur Khaitan
BACKGROUND: Three-hole minimally invasive esophagectomy (3HMIE) is one of the most radical procedures in gastrointestinal surgery. It involves thoracoscopic dissection of the esophagus followed by creation of a gastric conduit in the abdomen with anastomosis in the neck, and is associated with significant morbidity. Gastric conduit dehiscence is one of the most morbid complications following esophagectomy. Historically, the standard of care in this situation has been conduit diversion with delayed esophageal reconstruction...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116696/endoscopic-management-of-esophageal-perforations-who-when-and-how
#8
REVIEW
Payal Saxena, Mouen A Khashab
Esophageal perforations can be spontaneous or iatrogenic. Although they are a rare occurrence, they are associated with a significant morbidity and mortality. Traditionally, management of esophageal perforation consisted of surgery. However, endoscopic management is now emerging as the primary treatment modality and is less invasive and morbid than surgery. Endoscopic modalities include through-the-scope clips (TTS), over-the-scope clips (OTSC), placement of covered stents, and suturing. Suturing can be used for primary closure of the perforation as well as anchoring of stents to prevent migration...
January 23, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107284/postsurgical-perforation-of-the-esophagus-can-be-treated-using-a-fully-covered-stent-in-children
#9
Chantal Chauvet, Arnaud Bonnard, Alexis Mosca, Marc Bellaïche, Pascale Philippe-Chomette, Jérôme Viala
OBJECTIVES: Surgery and conservative treatment of esophageal or gastric perforations are both often associated with poor results and carry a high morbidity and mortality rate. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of using fully covered self-expending metallic stents (SEMS) in children with upper digestive leaks. METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed all children with esophageal or gastric perforation who were treated with placement of an SEMS from January 2011 to January 2015...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104297/brachytherapy-for-the-palliation-of-dysphagia-owing-to-esophageal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#10
Lorenzo Fuccio, Daniele Mandolesi, Andrea Farioli, Cesare Hassan, Leonardo Frazzoni, Alessandra Guido, Nicola de Bortoli, Savino Cilla, Chiara Pierantoni, Francesco Saverio Violante, Franco Bazzoli, Alessandro Repici, Alessio Giuseppe Morganti
BACKGROUND: The management of dysphagia owing to esophageal cancer is challenging. Brachytherapy has been proposed as an alternative option to stent placement. We performed a systematic review to examine its efficacy and safety in the resolution of dysphagia. METHODS: Prospective studies recruiting at least 20 patients with malignant dysphagia and published up to April 2016 were eligible. The dysphagia-free survival (DFS) and adverse event rates were pooled by means of a random effect model...
January 16, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101666/history-of-the-use-of-esophageal-stent-in-management-of-dysphagia-and-its-improvement-over-the-years
#11
Kulwinder S Dua
The art and science of using stents to treat dysphagia and seal fistula, leaks and perforations has been evolving. Lessons learnt from the deficiencies of previous models led to several improvements making stent deployment easier, and with some designs, it was also possible to remove the stents if needed. With these improvements, besides malignant dysphagia, newer indications for using stents emerged. Unfortunately, despite several decades of evolution, as yet, there is no perfect stent that "fits all." This article is an overview of how this evolution process happened and where we are currently with using stents to manage patients with dysphagia and with other esophageal disorders...
February 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078464/outcome-of-stent-grafting-for-esophageal-perforations-single-center-experience
#12
Fausto Biancari, Tuomas Tauriainen, Tatu Ylikotila, Misa Kokkonen, Jukka Rintala, Elisa Mäkäräinen-Uhlbäck, Vesa Koivukangas, Juha Saarnio
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that stent grafting is a promising technique for treatment of esophageal perforation. However, the evidence of its benefits is still scarce. METHODS: Forty-three consecutive patients underwent stent grafting for esophageal perforation at the Oulu University Hospital, Finland. The main endpoints of this study were early and mid-term mortality. Secondary outcome endpoints were the need of esophagectomy and additional surgical procedures on the esophagus and extraesophageal structures...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078463/endoscopic-vacuum-therapy-for-various-defects-of-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract
#13
Florian Kuehn, Gunnar Loske, Leif Schiffmann, Michael Gock, Ernst Klar
BACKGROUND: Postoperative, iatrogenic or spontaneous upper gastrointestinal defects result in significant morbidity and mortality of the patients. In the last few years, endoscopic vacuum therapy (EVT) has been recognized as a new promising method for repairing upper gastrointestinal defects of different etiology. However, probably due to insufficient data and no commercially available system for EVT of the upper gastrointestinal tract, until the end of 2014, covering of esophageal defects with self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) were still the mainstay of endoscopic therapy...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078443/double-stenting-with-silicone-and-metallic-stents-for-malignant-airway-stenosis
#14
Keitaro Matsumoto, Naoya Yamasaki, Tomoshi Tsuchiya, Takuro Miyazaki, Ryotaro Kamohara, Go Hatachi, Takeshi Nagayasu
For severe malignant airway stenosis, there are several types of commercially available airway stents, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. We herein describe the safety and efficacy of combination stenting with silicone and metallic stents for patients with extended malignant airway stenosis. Seven patients with malignant airway stenosis were treated via combination stenting with a silicone stent and a metallic stent for extended airway stenosis from the central to peripheral airways. Five patients were diagnosed with advanced esophageal cancer, two of whom had tracheoesophageal fistulas...
January 11, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068729/-acute-esophageal-variceal-bleeding-balloon-tamponade-or-esophageal-stent
#15
Felix Gundling, Wolfgang Schepp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066602/a-novel-surgical-method-for-acquired-non-malignant-complicated-tracheoesophageal-and-bronchial-gastric-stump-fistula-the-double-patch-technique
#16
Guang Yang, Wei-Miao Li, Jin-Bo Zhao, Jian Wang, Yun-Feng Ni, Yong-An Zhou, Yong Han, Xiao-Fei Li, Xiao-Long Yan
BACKGROUND: To manage the acquired benign complicated tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) and bronchial-gastric stump fistula (BGSF) are clinical technical challenge. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively review a surgical "double patch" technique in treating nonmalignant complicated TEF and BGSF, and then clarify the long-term curative effect of the technique. METHODS: Clinical records of 30 patients with non-malignant complicated TEF and BGSF treated by "double patch" technique in Tangdu Hospital between August 2004 and August 2014, were analyzed and summarized retrospectively...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049283/application-of-photodynamic-therapy-in-gastrointestinal-disorders-an-outdated-or-re-emerging-technique
#17
REVIEW
Han Hee Lee, Myung-Gyu Choi, Tayyaba Hasan
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising therapeutic modality that involves the administration of a photosensitizer followed by local illumination with a specific wavelength of light in the presence of oxygen. PDT is minimally invasive, has high selectivity for cancer, and has good patient compliance due to the simplicity of the procedure; therefore, PDT is widely used as a palliative and salvage treatment in patients with various gastrointestinal malignancies. When used as a salvage treatment for locoregional failures after definitive chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer, favorable results have been reported...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024985/adverse-events-of-self-expandable-esophageal-metallic-stents-in-patients-with-long-term-survival-from-advanced-malignant-disease
#18
Vitor Sousa Medeiros, Bruno Costa Martins, Luciano Lenz, Maria Sylvia Ierardi Ribeiro, Gustavo Andrade de Paulo, Marcelo Simas Lima, Adriana Vaz Safatle-Ribeiro, Fabio Shighuehissa Kawaguti, Caterina Pennacchi, Sebastian N Geiger, Victor R Bastos, Ulysses Ribeiro-Junior, Rubens A Sallum, Fauze Maluf-Filho
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMSs) are considered the best palliative treatment of dysphagia for patients with advanced esophageal cancer. Adverse events (AEs) are a major concern, especially in patients with better prognosis and longer survival. The present study aimed to evaluate the AEs of patients who survived longer than 6 months with esophageal stents in place. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database including all patients submitted to esophageal stent placement for the palliation of malignant diseases during the period from February 2009 to February 2014 at a tertiary-care academic center, who remained with the stent longer than 6 months...
December 23, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999650/subclavian-artery-esophageal-fistula-after-placement-of-a-self-expanding-metal-stent-in-a-patient-with-esophagogastric-anastomosis-stenosis
#19
Mohammadreza Seyedmajidi, Maryam Tavassoli, Mojtaba Kianti, Jamshid Vafaeimanesh
BACKGROUND: There have been reports on stent-related vascular erosions about patients with benign or malignant stenosis of the esophagus who received endoscopic stent insertion for palliative intention for oral intake. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old woman with esophageal cancer located in the middle part of esophagus was treated with esophagectomy. Two years following the surgery, malignant stenosis recurred in the esophagogastric anastomosis. A non-covered self-expanding metal stent (10 cm length with a diameter of 18 mm at expanded state) was inserted...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995468/alpha-fetoprotein-producing-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-a-mimicker-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
REVIEW
Jeremy Wang, Wendy Liu, Keyur Parikh, Anthony Benjamin Post
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is a rare occurrence. Elevation of serum AFP is commonly associated with hepatocellular carcinoma and yolk sac tumors, but rarely with esophageal carcinoma. Here, we report a rare case of AFP-producing EAC. A 51-year-old man presented with two weeks of acid reflux and a 35-lb weight loss. Laboratory data were notable for transaminitis and AFP was 2524 ng/mL. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed abnormal thickening of the esophagus and multiple metastatic masses throughout the liver...
February 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
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