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Esophageal stent

Beomsu Shin, Boksoon Chang, Hojoong Kim, Byeong-Ho Jeong
BACKGROUND: Interventional bronchoscopy is considered an effective treatment option for malignant central airway obstruction (MCAO). However, there are few reports of interventional bronchoscopy in patients with MCAOs due to extra-pulmonary malignancy. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate treatment outcomes and prognostic factors for bronchoscopic intervention in patients with MCAO due to extra-pulmonary malignancy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed consecutive 98 patients with MCAO due to extra-pulmonary malignancy who underwent interventional bronchoscopy between 2004 and 2014 at Samsung Medical Center (Seoul, Korea)...
March 13, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Ning-Li Chai, Jia Feng, Long-Song Li, Sheng-Zhen Liu, Chen Du, Qi Zhang, En-Qiang Linghu
AIM: To assess the effect of polyglycolic acid (PGA) plus stent placement compared with stent placement alone in the prevention of post-endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) esophageal stricture in early-stage esophageal cancer (EC) patients. METHODS: Seventy EC patients undergoing ESD were enrolled in this randomized, controlled study. Patients were allocated randomly at a 1:1 ratio into two groups as follows: (1) PGA plus stent group (PGA sheet-coated stent placement was performed); and (2) Stent group (only stent placement was performed)...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Eugenio Pompeo, Ahmed Elkhouly, Andrea Ascoli Marchetti, Arnaldo Ippoliti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Tobias Hauge, Ole Christian Kleven, Egil Johnson, Bjørn Hofstad, Hans-Olaf Johannessen
OBJECTIVES: Surgical repair has been the most common treatment of esophageal effort rupture (Boerhaave syndrome). Stent-induced sealing of the perforation has increasingly been used with promising results. We present our eight years´ experience with stent-based and organ-preserving treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 15 consecutive patients with Boerhaave syndrome from February 2007 to May 2015 were retrospectively registered in a database. Treatment was sealing of the perforation by stenting, chest tube drainage and débridement of the contaminated thorax...
March 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Alexandru-Dan Sabău, Noor Hassan, Cătălin Gabriel Smarandache, Alin Miheţiu, Ștefan Ţîţu, Dan Sabău
PURPOSE: An original technique using laparoscopic instruments in a gastric endocavitary work chamber with potential for esophagus, stomach and D1 vizualisation. The main purpose of laparagastroscopy is to improve the quality of life of the patient disabling by the esophageal tumor. This method has several advantages: providing physiological feeding, harvesting materials for histopathological examination, solving eso-tracheal fistulas concurrently with the proposed operation and hemostatic role through compression, low energy and plastic consumption, rapid socio-economic reintegration, mental psychological care of the patient...
January 2018: Chirurgia
Denisa Oprisanescu, Denisa Bucur, Vasile Sandru, Ioan Cristian Nedelcu, Madalina Ilie, Ruxandra Oprita, Gabriel Constantinescu
Non-malignant esophageal fistulas have a wide spectrum of clinical and pathological features and it`s important to learn to detect and treat them, due to significant morbidity, mortality and costs. The need for minimally invasive, efficient and also quick procedures is imperative. Esophageal stenting using fully-covered expandable stents has become an increasingly preferred option and addresses to fistulas which arise from 2-3 cm beyond Killian's mouth and up to the gastroesophageal junction. The long-term purpose of the procedure is closure of the fistula and thus healing...
January 2018: Chirurgia
Andrea Tringali, Salvatore F Vadalà di Prampero, Vincenzo Bove, Vincenzo Perri, Antonio La Greca, Gilda Pepe, Valerio Cozza, Guido Costamagna
Background and study aims  Endoscopic drainage of walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN) is feasible when contact with the gastric or duodenal wall is present; when WOPN cannot be accessed endoscopically, a percutaneous approach can be considered. Percutaneous use of esophageal self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) to establish access to a WOPN cavity was evaluated.
March 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Suresh Vasan Venkatachalapathy, Noor Bekkali, Stephen Pereira, Gavin Johnson, Kofi Oppong, Manu Nayar, John Leeds, Bharat Paranandi, Ian Penman, Nicholas Carroll, Edmund Godfrey, Martin James, Guruprasad Aithal, Colin McKay, John Devlin, Terry Wong, Alistair Makin, Barbara Ryan, Matthew Huggett
Background and study aims:  Pancreatic fluid collection (PFC) is a common complication of pancreatitis for which endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage is first-line treatment. A new single-device, lumen-apposing, covered self-expanding metal stent (LAMS) has been licensed for PFC drainage. We therefore present our multicenter experience with the LAMS for PFC drainage in a multicenter prospective case series to assess success and complication rates. Patients and methods:  All adult patients from 11 tertiary centers who had LAMS placement for PFC from July 2015 to July 2016 were included...
March 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Amandeep S Taggar, Kenneth L Pitter, Gil'ad N Cohen, Mark Schattner, Hans Gerdes, Arnold J Markowitz, David Ilson, Paul Brady, John J Cuaron, Karyn A Goodman, Abraham J Wu
PURPOSE: Management of locally recurrent or persistent esophageal cancer (EC) after standard chemoradiation is challenging. This study updates our experience of treating medically inoperable EC patients with endoluminal high-dose-rate brachytherapy (EHDRBT) including the patients treated with a novel multiballoon channel centering esophageal applicator. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty-three consecutive patients with early-stage primary (n = 7), posttreatment persistent (n = 7), and recurrent (n = 19) EC treated with EHDRBT at our institution were included...
February 26, 2018: Brachytherapy
J O Alonso Lárraga, D Y Flores Carmona, A Hernández Guerrero, M E Ramírez Solís, J G de la Mora Levy, J C Sánchez Del Monte
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Malignant dysphagia is difficulty swallowing resulting from esophageal obstruction due to cancer. The goal of palliative treatment is to reduce the dysphagia and improve oral dietary intake. Self-expandable metallic stents are the current treatment of choice, given that they enable the immediate restoration of oral intake. The aim of the present study was to describe the results of using totally covered and partially covered esophageal stents for palliating esophageal cancer...
February 26, 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
Ameena Jehaludi, E Kevin Heist, M Russell Giveans, Rishi Anand
BACKGROUND: Although a rare complication of catheter based ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF), atrioesophageal fistula (AEF) is a serious and fatal event [1-5]. Most reports of AEF are single cases or small case series. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a comprehensive literature search of all published atrioesophageal fistula following catheter ablation for AF in order to identify the mortality rates associated with therapeutic modalities and suggest the most definitive management in reducing mortality...
February 21, 2018: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
Leonardo Frazzoni, Marina La Marca, Amedeo Montale, Lorenzo Fuccio
The management of benign esophageal strictures is challenging. The first strategy includes endoscopic dilation using bougies or balloons. Although the immediate success rate of these is up to 90%, about 30-40% of patients experience recurrent dysphagia within the first year of follow-up. The management of refractory stenosis involves repeated sessions of endoscopic dilation. In order to obtain long-lasting functional results, alternative treatments have been developed, such as the use of self-expanding stents, particularly indicated in subgroups of patients with post-surgical stenosis or post-radiation therapy...
January 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Cheal Wung Huh, Joon Sung Kim, Hyun Ho Choi, Ja In Lee, Jeong-Seon Ji, Byung-Wook Kim, Hwang Choi
BACKGROUND: Self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) is effective and safe for the treatment of benign esophageal perforations or leaks. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with clinical success after SEMS placement. METHODS: Patients who received SEMS placement for treatment of benign esophageal perforations or leaks were retrospectively identified. These patients were analyzed for factors associated with clinical success and complications. RESULTS: A total of 31 patients underwent stent insertion for benign esophageal perforations (n = 11) or anastomotic leaks (n = 20)...
February 13, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Jeanine Blatter, Thorsten Krueger, Hans-Beat Ris, Moira Baeriswyl, Alban Lovis, Mathieu Zellweger, Michel Gonzalez, Jean Yannis Perentes
BACKGROUND: Extrathoracic muscle flaps can be used as airway substitutes for the closure of complex broncho-pleural or tracheo-esophageal fistulas or in the context of tracheo-carinal reconstructions after resection for centrally localized tumors in order to alleviate excess anastomotic tension. METHODS: Evaluation of all patients undergoing tracheo-carinal reconstructions with extrathoracic muscle flap patches as airway substitutes in our institution from 1996 to 2016...
February 7, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Alfonso Campanile, Guido Tavazzi, Francesco Caprioglio, Fausto Rigo
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is still a condition with high mortality and morbidity, especially in the elderly, and in patients with prosthetic valves. The concept of "time-to-therapy" plays a key role for the prompt management of IE and related complications, and the currently available multimodality imaging may play a key role in this setting. Myocardial ischemia due to extrinsic coronary compression from an aortic abscess is an extremely rare condition where the optimal therapeutic strategy has not been defined yet...
February 9, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Natalia Afonso Luis, Maria Asunsión Acosta Mérida, Joaquín Marchena Gómez
A 75-year-old male who underwent an Ivor Lewis esophagectomy due to a distal adenocarcinoma had a leak at the gastroplasty on the 5th day after surgery, which required two surgeries and a primary suture. He was transferred to our hospital due to a poor outcome and endoscopy revealed a 2.5cm gap perianastomotically on the gastroplasty wall, for which a stent was placed. Due to hemodynamic impairment, a thoracotomy procedure was performed, which revealed stent protrusion into the cavity. The patient underwent an esophagogastric anastomosis resection, cervical esophagostomy and gastrostomy...
February 9, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Andrew Lai, Seth Lipka, Ambuj Kumar, Sajiv Sethi, David Bromberg, Nanxing Li, Huafeng Shen, Lilia Stefaniwsky, Patrick Brady
INTRODUCTION: More than 50% of patients with esophageal cancer already have inoperable disease at the time of diagnosis. Controversy surrounds the outcomes of patients with advanced esophageal cancer who receive palliative care by either stent alone or stent plus an additional modality. We set out to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies assessing the use of metal stents as treatment options for symptomatic improvement, survival, and adverse events. METHODS: We searched Embase, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from inception until January 14, 2016, as well as other databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing esophageal stent versus either esophageal stent plus brachytherapy, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy...
February 8, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Yujiro Nakahara, Ko Takachi, Naoto Tsujimura, Masaki Wakasugi, Masaki Hirota, Takashi Matsumoto, Hiroyoshi Takemoto, Kiyonori Nishioka, Satoshi Oshima
Malignant stricture and fistula of the esophagus and tracheobronchus adversely affect the quality of life(QOL)in patients with advanced esophageal cancer. Stenting is one ofthe therapies available for these patients. We investigated the outcomes ofesophagus and tracheobronchial stenting in our institution. Eight patients with advanced esophageal cancer underwent double stenting from 2010 to 2016. Among them, 4 patients underwent double stenting as planned. One patient underwent an emergency tracheal stenting because ofstenosis ofthe trachea caused by esophageal stenting...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Sameh I Sersar, Lamees A Maghrabi
Background Aerodigestive fistulae can be defined as abnormal communications between the gastrointestinal tract and the respiratory tract. Choking after meals, coughing, feeding difficulties, tachycardia, and persistent pneumonia are the main presentations. The aim of our study was to review our experience in the management of 27 cases of acquired aerodigestive fistulae of different types, levels, and management. Methods We conducted a retrospective observational study on 27 cases of fistulae between the respiratory and digestive tracts, which were managed in 2 hospitals in Saudi Arabia in the last 5 years...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Ratnakar Kini, Sabarinathan Ramanathan, Pugazhendhi Thangavel, Premkumar Karunakaran, Kani Shaik Mohamed, Murali Ananthavadivelu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement with fluoroscopic guidance is a commonly used technique to relieve obstruction in patients with esophageal carcinoma. However, it has disadvantages such as radiation exposure. SEMS placement with endoscopic guidance also has the disadvantages of causing discomfort to patients as the endoscope and SEMS assembly are simultaneously used and it needs two experts for the procedure to be performed. To overcome these disadvantages, a simplified technique for SEMS placement was developed that does not require fluoroscopic or endoscopic guidance...
January 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
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