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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904858/interventional-therapy-of-esophageal-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Aiwu Mao
Esophageal cancer (EC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in China. Despite a lot of advances in diagnosis and therapy, the survival rate of patients with EC is low. There is urgent need for a variety of methods and techniques to improve the survival time and alleviate the lesions of EC. Nowadays, alternative and less invasive approaches to the treatment of ECs are being identified. Here, we review several main interventional methods at different stages of EC, including endoscopic resection, stent placement, arterial infusion, photodynamic therapy, and radiofrequency ablation...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882097/effect-of-a-paclitaxel-eluting-metallic-stent-on-rabbit-esophagus
#2
Yin Zhang, Ying Gao, Jianping Chen, Limei Ma, Li Liu, Xiang Wang, Zhining Fan
The use of self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) is the current treatment of choice for malignant gastrointestinal obstructions. A paclitaxel-eluting metallic SEMS (PEMS) may have an antitumor effect on esophageal tissue. PEMS with 10% paclitaxel or conventional SEMS were inserted into the lower esophagus of rabbits. Following the insertion of the stents for 1, 2, 4 and 6 weeks, the rabbits were sacrificed and the status of the stent insertion was examined, as well as any macroscopic or microscopic mucosal changes in the esophageal tissue...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875848/multimodal-therapy-of-recurrent-and-refractory-bleeding-from-esophageal-varices-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Matthias Buechter, Volker Penndorf, Ali Canbay, Jens M Theysohn, Alexander Dechêne
Bleeding from esophageal varices is a major cause of mortality in patients with advanced liver disease. Although standard treatment and secondary prophylaxis are effective, in some patients sustained hemostasis cannot be achieved. We report the case of a woman with alcoholic liver disease in whom pharmacological, endoscopic, and intravascular therapies failed to control variceal bleeding. Only a combination of (repeated) band ligation, insertion of a self-expanding metal stent, TIPS implantation and redilatation, transjugular variceal embolization, and finally implantation of a portocaval shunt proved to be successful...
November 22, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874149/gastroesophageal-stenting-for-the-management-of-post-sleeve-gastrectomy-leak-a-single-institution-experience
#4
Noha Guzaiz, Mohammad Arabi, Azzam Khankan, Refaat Salman, Mohammed Al-Toki, Shahbaz Qazi, Abdulmohsin Alzakari, Mohammad Al-Moaiqel
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively evaluate the effectiveness of gastroesophageal stenting for post sleeve gastrectomy staple line leaks using removable self-expandable stents. METHODS: Between April 2012 and June 2015, 12 consecutive patients (6 males) with mean age of 34 years (21-38 years) presented with staple line leak 1-8 weeks after the operation (mean 2.8 weeks). Patients underwent gastroesophageal stenting by interventional radiology. A total of 23 stents were deployed with mean length of 17...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853740/utility-of-endoscopic-therapy-in-the-management-of-boerhaave-syndrome
#5
K J Dickinson, N Buttar, L M Wong Kee Song, C J Gostout, S D Cassivi, M S Allen, F C Nichols, K R Shen, D A Wigle, S H Blackmon
Background/aims: The optimal intervention for Boerhaave perforation has not been determined. Options include surgical repair with/without a pedicled muscle flap, T tube placement, esophageal resection or diversion, or an endoscopic approach. All management strategies require adequate drainage and nutritional support. Our aim was to evaluate outcomes following Boerhaave perforation treated with surgery, endoscopic therapy, or both. Patients and methods: We performed a 10-year review of our prospectively maintained databases of adult patients with Boerhaave perforations...
November 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847066/a-successful-three-stage-surgical-treatment-for-aortoesophageal-fistula-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-and-esophageal-stent-repair
#6
Lijian Cheng, Junming Zhu, Xiangyang Liu, Wei Liu, Haiou Hu, Jie Zhang, Jiexiong Liang, Lizhong Sun
A 39-year-old man with Stanford B aortic dissection was treated by thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and experienced an aortoesophageal fistula (AEF). After repeated TEVAR and esophageal stent implantation, the hematemesis did not cease although the whole thoracic descending aorta was covered by stents. A three-stage operation was performed, and an AEF 9 cm long was found during the operation. To our knowledge, this may be the largest AEF ever reported. The patient survived without adverse events.
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846183/self-expandable-metal-stents-in-esophageal-cancer-in-a-high-hiv-prevalence-area-a-survival-analysis-and-evaluation-of-prediction-scores
#7
Emil Loots, Frank Anderson, Damian L Clarke, Chris J J Mulder, Thandinkosi E Madiba
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal cancer (EC) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are common in parts of South Africa. Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa presents generally in advanced stages and is mostly palliated by the deployment of self-expandable metal stent (SEMS). This study analyses these relationships between coexistent HIV infection, SEMS deployment, and survival scores. METHODOLOGY: Information on patients managed with SEMS between October 2013 and December 2014 was retrieved from a prospective database of EC and followed up until April 2015...
November 14, 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835929/endoscopic-treatment-of-benign-esophageal-strictures-a-literature-review
#8
Laurent Poincloux, Olivier Rouquette, Armand Abergel
Benign esophageal strictures arise from various etiologies and are frequently encountered. Although endoscopic dilation is still the first-line therapy, recurrent strictures do occur in approximately 10% of the cases and remains a challenge to gastroenterologists. Areas covered: A literature search was performed using PubMed and Google Scholar databases for original and review articles on endoscopic treatment of benign esophageal strictures. This review outlines the main available treatment options and its controversies in the management of refractory benign esophageal strictures...
November 11, 2016: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825039/esophageal-stent-migration-testing-few-hypothesis-with-a-simplified-mathematical-model
#9
Marc Garbey, Remi Salmon, Vid Fikfak, Claude O Clerc
Esophageal stent placement has significantly improved the quality of life in patients with malignant as well as benign esophageal obstructing lesions. Despite its early success and rapid adoption, stent migration still occurs in as many as 30% of cases especially with fully covered stents. To date, few models of interaction between the stent and the esophageal wall have been published and these have only focused on the deployment of the stent or the static mechanical stress distribution of the stent material...
November 2, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824640/esophagorespiratory-fistulas-survival-and-outcomes-of-treatment
#10
Charles J Lenz, Benjamin L Bick, David Katzka, Francis C Nichols, Zachary S Depew, Louis M Wong Kee Song, Todd H Baron, Navtej S Buttar, Fabien Maldonado, Felicity T Enders, William S Harmsen, Ross A Dierkhising, Mark D Topazian
GOAL: The purpose of this study was to characterize outcomes of esophagorespiratory fistulas (ERF) by etiology and initial treatment strategy. BACKGROUND: ERF is a morbid condition for which optimal treatment strategies and outcomes are still in evolution. STUDY: Medical records and images were reviewed for all patients diagnosed with ERF at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN, between September 1, 2001 and January 1, 2012. Fistulas were classified as malignant or benign...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815921/bronchial-artery-aneurysm-suggested-to-be-caused-by-metalic-tracheal-stent-migration
#11
Kiyoshi Sato, Satoshi Fumimoto, Takehisa Fukada, Kaoru Ochi, Takayuki Kataoka, Yoshio Ichihashi, Hidetoshi Satomi, Takuya Morita, Nobuharu Hanaoka, Yoshikatsu Okada, Takahiro Katsumata
Occurrence of bronchial artery aneurysm is rare, and it has been detected in less than 1 % of all selective bronchial arteriography cases. Here, we present a case of a bronchial artery aneurysm caused by a tracheal stent migration. A 59-year-old man was operated on for esophageal cancer, where an esophageal-tracheal fistula occurred 1 week after operation. Surgical repair of the esophageal-tracheal fistula was performed using a muscle flap, but this not results in fistula closure. Consequently, a self-expanding covered metallic tracheal stent was implanted for rescue, and this resulted in fistula closure...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805991/treatment-of-spontaneous-esophageal-rupture-with-transnasal-thoracic-drainage-and-temporary-esophageal-stent-and-jejunal-feeding-tube-placement
#12
Gang Wu, Yan Shi Zhao, Yi Fang, Yu Qi, Xiangnan Li, Dechao Jiao, Kewei Ren, Xinwei Han
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous rupture of the esophagus is a rare but life-threatening thoracic emergency, with high rates of clinical misdiagnosis and mortality. This paper summarizes our experience in the treatment of spontaneous esophageal rupture with transnasal thoracic drainage, and temporary esophageal stent and jejunal feeding tube placement. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed the medical records of 19 patients with spontaneous esophageal rupture treated using our intervention protocol...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801885/choosing-the-appropriate-esophageal-stent-for-your-patient
#13
Ryan Law, Todd H Baron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790804/management-and-outcome-of-esophageal-stenting-for-spontaneous-esophageal-perforations
#14
Torben Glatz, Goran Marjanovic, Birte Kulemann, Julian Hipp, Ulrich Theodor Hopt, Andreas Fischer, Hans-Jürgen Richter-Schrag, Jens Hoeppner
Treatment of spontaneous esophageal perforation (SEP) consists of different conservative, surgical and endoscopic treatment modalities. In this study, we evaluated the clinical efficacy and the outcome of covered self-expanding stent (CSES) treatment of SEP. All patients with SEP treated by CSES at our institution between 2005 and 2014 were included in this prospective single-center study. The data were collected from a prospective database based on clinical, endoscopic and operative reports. Follow-up data were procured by contacting the patients or their family doctors...
October 28, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787367/treatment-strategy-for-treating-atrial-esophageal-fistula-esophageal-stenting-or-surgical-repair-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Bing Zhou, Xue-Jiang Cen, Lin-Yan Qian, Jie Pang, Hai Zou, Ya-Hui Ding
INTRODUCTION: Atrial-esophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare severe disease, which may be associated with radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) or intraoperative radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation (IRAAF). CLINICAL FINDINGS: We reported a case of a 67-year-old man with AEF following RFCA of AF, who treated with esophageal stenting and surgical repair. OUTCOMES: He was attacked by out-of-control sepsis and infectious shock after surgery and died...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741526/extraluminal-migration-of-an-esophageal-metal-stent-causing-splenic-injury
#16
Saad Khan, Nayana George, Benjamin Tharian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728966/factors-that-affect-stent-related-complications-in-patients-with-malignant-obstruction-of-the-esophagus-or-gastric-cardia
#17
Hiroyasu Iwasaki, Takashi Mizushima, Yuta Suzuki, Shigeki Fukusada, Kenta Kachi, Takanori Ozeki, Kaiki Anbe, Hironobu Tsukamoto, Fumihiro Okumura, Takashi Joh, Hitoshi Sano
Background/Aims: Self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement is effective for dysphagia that results from malignant obstruction of the esophagus or gastric cardia; however, stent-related complications may be life-threatening. Thus, the goal of this study was to identify risk factors associated with complications following esophageal stenting. Methods: Of the 71 patients who underwent SEMS placement for dysphagia as a result of malignant stricture of the esophagus or gastric cardia, 53 patients with squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma, without previous SEMS placement, without a fistula, and without recurrent tumor after surgery were retrospectively identified...
October 13, 2016: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723988/-late-complications-of-liver-cirrhosis-management-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-the-presence-of-portal-hypertension
#18
Václav Hejda
Cirrhosis is the end stage of progressive development of different liver diseases and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality rates. Cirrhosis is associated with a number of potential complications, in particular with development of portal hypertension. Portal hypertension with the production of ascites, hepatic and gastric varices bleeding in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract, presents the breakpoint in the natural course of cirrhosis, and it is associated with a considerably worse prognosis of patients, with a dramatically increased risk of mortality...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717714/esophageal-placement-of-a-lumen-apposing-metal-stent-in-a-patient-with-a-chronic-anastomotic-stricture
#19
Douglas G Adler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713039/thoracic-osteomyelitis-an-unusual-adverse-event-of-esophageal-stenting
#20
Linda Zhang, Paul Edwards, Milan Bassan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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