Read by QxMD icon Read

Post surgical brace

Matthew Sloan, Atul F Kamath
Colonna capsular arthroplasty represents an option for the management of chronic hip dislocation in young patients with dysplasia. In the appropriate patient, modern capsular arthroplasty procedures may provide an opportunity for hip preservation in patients with preserved femoral head cartilage and not appropriate for total hip arthroplasty. Here, we review our experience with surgical dislocation of the hip and capsular arthroplasty in a 27-year-old female with congenital hip dysplasia and chronic superior hip dislocation...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Michio Minami, Makoto Kondo, Yasuhiko Nishio, Koji Suzuki, Sadatoshi Kato, Sumito Kawamura, Hiroyuki Kato, Akio Minami
BACKGROUND: Total Elbow Arthroplasty (TEA) for the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been popularized since 1980s. The outcomes of TEA using any type of implant design for RA has been satisfactory. On the other hand, many orthopedicians experience several postoperative complications. Among them, postoperative infection has still being the most troublesome and difficult to treat. This study is to clarify the causes of postoperative infection of TEA using Kudo's prosthesis for RA and discuss how to manage and prevent infection...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
Mary P Zhu, Lindsay A Tetreault, Fatimah Sorefan-Mangou, Philip Garwood, Jefferson R Wilson
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Bracing is often used after spinal surgery to immobilize the spine, improve fusion, and relieve pain. However, controversy exists regarding the efficacy, necessity and safety of various bracing techniques in the post-surgical setting. PURPOSE: In this systematic review, we aimed to compare the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of postoperative bracing versus no postoperative bracing following spinal surgery in patients with several common operative spinal pathologies...
January 17, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Jarvis W Walters, Tammy R Kopelman, Arpan A Patel, Patrick J O'Neill, Poya Hedayati, Paola G Pieri, Sydney J Vail, Salvatore C Lettieri, Iman Feiz-Erfan
Background: The failure rate for the closed/non-surgical treatment of thoracic and lumbar vertebral body fractures (TLVBF) in trauma patients has not been adequately evaluated utilizing computed tomography (CT) studies. Methods: From 2007 to 2008, consecutive trauma patients, who met inclusion criteria, with a CT diagnosis of acute TLVBF undergoing closed treatment were assessed. The failure rates for closed therapy, at 3 months post-trauma, were defined by progressive deformity, vertebral body collapse, or symptomatic/asymptomatic pseudarthrosis...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
Angela Evans, Mamun Chowdhury, Sohel Rana, Shariar Rahman, Abu Hena Mahboob
Background: The management of congenital talipes equino varus ( clubfoot deformity ) has been transformed in the last 20 years as surgical correction has been replaced by the non-surgical Ponseti method. The Ponseti method, consists of corrective serial casting followed by maintenance bracing, and has been repeatedly demonstrated to give best results - regarded as the 'gold standard' treatment for paediatric clubfoot. Methods: To develop the study protocol Level 2 evidence was used to modify the corrective casting phase of the Ponseti method in children aged up to 12 months...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Heather S Haeberle, Anthony C Egger, Sergio M Navarro, Mary M Cornaghie, Prem N Ramkumar, Ryan C Goodwin, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this observational study was to investigate and analyze the social media presence of both patients and surgeons in relation to pediatric scoliosis. First, patient Instagram (Instagram, Inc., San Francisco, California) posts were evaluated for 1) media format; 2) timing in relation to surgery; 3) tone; 4) perspective; 5) content; and 6) subject reference. To analyze reciprocal engagement, the presence and activity of pediatric scoliosis surgeons at five major academic centers were subsequently analyzed on Instagram, Twitter (Twitter Inc...
October 12, 2017: Surgical Technology International
Marius Henriksen, Søren Thorgaard Skou
The use of knee braces is common, and there is an abundance of different brace types available both "over the counter" and as "prescription devices". The braces are used for a range of knee problems ranging from minor knee discomfort to post-surgical rehabilitation. The available evidence is generally in favour of brace applications although the amount and quality of evidence is moderate to low with a positive benefit-harm balance. However, braces should generally not be used as a stand-alone or primary treatment strategy, but can be used as a potentially beneficial supplement to patients with knee disorders if needed...
September 18, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Nicola Parkin, Philip E Benson, Bikram Thind, Anwar Shah, Ismail Khalil, Saiba Ghafoor
BACKGROUND: Palatally displaced canines or PDCs are upper permanent canines, commonly known as 'eye' teeth, that are displaced in the roof of the mouth. This can leave unsightly gaps, cause damage to the surrounding roots (which can be so severe that neighbouring teeth are lost or have to be removed) and, occasionally, result in the development of cysts. PDCs are a frequent dental anomaly, present in 2% to 3% of young people.Management of this problem is both time consuming and expensive...
August 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
C Sætersdal, J M Fevang, L B Engesæter
PURPOSE: The Ponseti method for treating clubfoot was introduced in Norway in 2003, and a cohort of children has been followed for 8 to 11 years. In a previous study, we found good results after follow-up of two to five years, with 3% rate of extensive surgery (posterior release or posteromedial release). During 8 to 11 years of follow-up, the rate of extensive surgery increased to 11%. The children had been treated with a bilateral brace or a unilateral brace. In this multicentre study we aimed to compare these two post-corrective treatment methods...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Matthew Piazza, Saurabh Sinha, Prateek Agarwal, Arka Mallela, Nikhil Nayak, James Schuster, Sherman Stein
PURPOSE: While frequently prescribed to patients following fixation for spine trauma, the utility of spinal orthoses during the post-operative period is poorly described in the literature. In this study, we calculated rates of reoperation and performed a decision analysis to determine the utility of bracing following pedicle screw fixation for thoracic and lumbar burst fractures. METHODS: Pubmed was searched for articles published between 2005 and 2015 for terms related to pedicle screw fixation of thoracolumbar fractures...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
T S Park, Jenny L Liu, Caleb Edwards, Deanna M Walter, Matthew B Dobbs
BACKGROUND: Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is a surgical method used to treat childhood spastic cerebral palsy (CP). However, the effects of early SDR on functional outcomes and quality of life decades later in adulthood remains to be elucidated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term outcomes in terms of satisfaction and mobility of adult patients who received childhood SDR. METHODS: Adult patients who received SDR in childhood were surveyed...
May 17, 2017: Curēus
T S Park, Caleb Edwards, Jenny L Liu, Deanna M Walter, Matthew B Dobbs
 Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) has been used to treat children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) for over three decades. However, little is known about the outcomes of childhood SDR in adults.  Objectives: 1) To study the effects of childhood SDR on the quality of life and ambulatory function in adult life. 2) To determine late side effects of SDR in adults.   Methods: Adults (> 17.9 years) who underwent SDR in childhood (2 - 17.9 years) between 1987 and 2013 were surveyed in 2015. Patients completed a survey, including questions on demographic information, quality of life, health, surgical outcomes, motor function, manual ability, pain, braces/orthotics, post-SDR treatment, living situation, education level, work status, and side effects of SDR...
March 5, 2017: Curēus
Giovanni Luigi Di Gennaro, Stefano Stilli, Giovanni Trisolino
BACKGROUND: Nonunion is a rare but severe complication following forearm fracture in skeletally immature patients. The purpose of this study is to describe a case series of pediatric forearm nonunions treated at our Institute. MATERIALS AND METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed medical charts and radiographs of healthy children affected by post-traumatic nonunion of the forearm, from April 1992 to July 2015. An overall series of 15 cases was included in the study...
March 2017: Injury
Gurava Reddy Ay, Soundar Rajan D, Chiranjeevi T, Karthik C, Krishna Kiran E
INTRODUCTION: Disengagement of polyethylene insert used in total knee arthroplasty is a rare but serious complication. Still rarer is disengagement because of failure of tibial insert locking mechanism. We report a previously unpublished complication of polyethylene insert locking mechanism failure in a 10-months-old posterior stabilized total knee arthroplasty in a 70-year-old woman with osteoarthritis for whom Attune (Depuy) knee implant was used. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old female underwent (Attune, Depuy) primary bilateral posterior stabilised total knee arthroplasty in a private hospital...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
E P Su
Nerve palsy is a well-described complication following total hip arthroplasty, but is highly distressing and disabling. A nerve palsy may cause difficulty with the post-operative rehabilitation, and overall mobility of the patient. Nerve palsy may result from compression and tension to the affected nerve(s) during the course of the operation via surgical manipulation and retractor placement, tension from limb lengthening or compression from post-operative hematoma. In the literature, hip dysplasia, lengthening of the leg, the use of an uncemented femoral component, and female gender are associated with a greater risk of nerve palsy...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
Donald Nuss, Robert J Obermeyer, Robert E Kelly
Repair of pectus excavatum began at the beginning of the 20th century before endotracheal intubation was standard practice. Surgeons therefore developed techniques that corrected the deformity using an open procedure via the anterior chest wall. Initial techniques were unsatisfactory, but by the 1930s the partial rib resection and sternal osteotomy technique had been developed and was used in combination with external traction post-operatively to prevent the sternum from sinking back into the chest. In 1949, Ravitch recommended complete resection of the costal cartilages and complete mobilization of the sternum without external traction, and in 1961 Adkins and Blades introduced the concept of a substernal strut for sternal support...
September 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
William T Wilson, Graeme P Hopper, Paul A Byrne, Gordon M MacKay
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using tendon or ligament autograft is the gold standard surgical treatment for acute ruptures; however, this is still associated with subsequent problems and variable outcomes. Renewed interest in healing of injured ACL tissue has led to new surgical repair techniques. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of one of the first patients to undergo this novel procedure of ACL repair with internal bracing. An internal brace is a bridging concept using braided suture tape and knotless bone anchors to reinforce ligament strength...
October 26, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Sohail Rafi, Naseem Munshi, Asad Abbas, Rabia Hassan Shaikh, Imtiaz Hashmi
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of scoliosis. A Cobb angle of 50° will progress beyond the age of spinal maturity. Surgery over bracing is advised at a Cobb angle above or equal to 50°. The aim of surgery is to bring the Cobb angle down below 50° to prevent reprogression as well as improve the quality of life. The objective of the study is to analyze the efficacy and significance in lifestyle improvement of pedicle screw-only fixation system versus the more common hybrid instrumentation system used for the surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Ali Babashahi, Morteza Taheri
Spinal kyphotic deformity after spinal laminectomy or laminoplasty is more common in pediatric patients than adults. Laminectomy can lead to decreased cartilage growth, anterior wedging and posterior spinal muscle insufficiency which can result in kyphotic deformity. Herein we outline a case report of a child presenting with kyphotic deformity after receiving a spinal laminectomy to treat a penetrating spinal trauma. The 8-year-old male presented with penetrating spinal trauma following a gunshot wound and subsequently underwent L1 laminectomy and thecal sac decompression to remove the foreign body...
March 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
Jianwei Guo, Jianguo Zhang, Shengru Wang, Hai Wang, Yanbin Zhang, Yang Yang, Xinyu Yang, Lijuan Zhao
BACKGROUND: Posterior hemivertebra resection has become a safe and effective procedure for congenital scoliosis due to hemivertebra. However, there are still complications following primary posterior hemivertebra resection in recent reports. No risk factors associated with construct/implant related complications were identified so far. The purpose of this study is to analyze complications following primary posterior hemivertebra resection and to investigate the possible risk factors associated with construct/implant related complications in congenital scoliosis cases due to hemivertebra...
September 2, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"