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A Márquez-Arias, A M Santillán-Doherty, R V Arenas-Rosas, M P Gasca-Matías, J Muñoz-Delgado
BACKGROUND: The behavior of animals is modified by captivity. Environmental enrichment (EE) is a program designed to enhance the welfare of confined animals by providing them with a more stimulating background. This is carried out by the implementation of a series of activities that encourages them to present behaviors typical of their species, as well as keeps them active. The aim of this study was the evaluation of the influence of the EE in the behavioral variables in a colony of 24 stumptail macaques (Macaca arctoides)...
February 2010: Journal of Medical Primatology
Martin P Kafka
The category of "Not Otherwise Specified" (NOS) for DSM-based psychiatric diagnosis has typically retained diagnoses whose rarity, empirical criterion validation or symptomatic expression has been insufficient to be codified. This article reviews the literature on Telephone Scatologia, Necrophilia, Zoophilia, Urophilia, Coprophilia, and Partialism. Based on extant data, no changes are suggested except for the status of Partialism. Partialism, sexual arousal characterized by "an exclusive focus on part of the body," had historically been subsumed as a type of Fetishism until the advent of DSM-III-R...
April 2010: Archives of Sexual Behavior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1948: Psychoanalytic Review
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1949: Psychoanalytic Review
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1949: Psychoanalytic Review
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1950: Psychoanalytic Review
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1950: Psychoanalytic Review
Susumu Oda, Setsuko Saito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2003: Ryōikibetsu Shōkōgun Shirīzu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 1955: British Journal of Medical Psychology
A Giacometti, O Cirioni, M Balducci, D Drenaggi, M Quarta, M De Federicis, P Ruggeri, D Colapinto, G Ripani, G Scalise
To determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in the residents of four Italian psychiatric institutions, we examined the stool specimens collected in triplicate from 238 residents, enrolled between May 1995 and May 1996. Besides, physician and staff nurses provided data about each resident by standardized questionnaires. Parasites were detected in the fecal samples from 128 patients (53.8%). However, in the stool specimens from 106 residents only non-pathogenic protozoa were found (82.8%). Trichuris trichiura ova, Giardia lamblia cysts and trophozoites, Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts, and Balantidium coli cysts were found in the fecal samples from 22 residents (9...
October 1997: European Journal of Epidemiology
T N Wise, R L Goldberg
A 47-year-old man is described whose fetish of fecal smearing, coprophilia, escalated to coprophagia in a setting of depression and alcohol abuse. The case is the first described in a nonpsychotic adult of normal intelligence. Treatment focused upon the depression and substance abuse as well as on the psychodynamic issues that fostered his despair and allowed the fetish to evolve into coprophagia.
1995: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
J P de Mattos, A L de Rosso
The concept of tic was developed at the end of the XIX century, emerging from the "chaos of choreas". Tic is defined as involuntary contractions of agonist and antagonist muscles in one or more parts of the body. It can be suppressed by voluntary efforts for seconds or hours, followed by exacerbations. Gilles de la Tourette's original article was published in 1885, in which he described nine patients with tics, and vocalisations. The pathogenesis of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome remained obscure. However, three factors have been considered: the neurochemical factor, related to the increased dopaminergic activity at the basal ganglia; the genetic factor and the non-genetic factors, for which environment more than genetic factors are involved...
March 1995: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
R S Smith
The most striking thing about the literature on voyeurism is the relative lack of material in print. In the present work, the author was able to find only 15 articles and no books that deal specifically with voyeurism. Of the 57 references compiled for this review, not one involves an experimental manipulation of variables. An attempt is made to review as many aspects of voyeurism as possible, giving illustrative case material whenever available. The areas of troilism and coprophilia are covered in some detail to establish to what degree they belong to the deviation of voyeurism...
November 1976: Archives of Sexual Behavior
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