keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

neonatology, premature infant

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100893/-late-preterm-infants-in-spain-experience-of-the-34-36-neonatal-group
#1
Mercedes García-Reymundo, Xavier Demestre, M José Calvo, Gemma Ginovart, Ana Jiménez, José Antonio Hurtado
INTRODUCTION: Late preterm (LP) infants (34 -36 weeks of gestation) are the largest group of preterm infants and also the least studied so far. In order to improve their care and reduce the impact of their increased morbidity and mortality, it is essential to know the current situation in Spain. POPULATION AND METHOD: Clinical-epidemiological variables of the LP population of 34 participating hospitals were prospectively collected from 1 April 2011 to 31 March 2016, and were then compared with the Minimum Perinatal Data Set for term births in the database...
October 31, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042914/the-educational-challenge-of-paediatric-virology-an-interview-with-professor-of-neonatology-anne-greenough
#2
Ioannis N Mammas, Demetrios A Spandidos
According to Professor Anne Greenough, Professor of Neonatology and Clinical Respiratory Physiology at the King's College London (London, UK), Paediatric Virology is indeed a rapidly increasing educational challenge. Professor Greenough, who in 1992 wrote her book on congenital, perinatal and neonatal infections, believes that during the past 3 decades, paediatric health professionals are becoming increasingly involved in specialised care and follow-up of paediatric patients with viral diseases, who require advanced medical care and innovative technological services...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937235/heart-rate-variability-in-newborns
#3
K Javorka, Z Lehotska, M Kozar, Z Uhrikova, B Kolarovszki, M Javorka, M Zibolen
Heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) in newborns is influenced by genetic determinants, gestational and postnatal age, and other variables. Premature infants have a reduced HRV. In neonatal HRV evaluated by spectral analysis, a dominant activity can be found in low frequency (LF) band (combined parasympathetic and sympathetic component). During the first postnatal days the activity in the high frequency (HF) band (parasympathetic component) rises, together with an increase in LF band and total HRV...
September 22, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818610/surfactant-and-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-for-the-prevention-of-chronic-lung-disease-history-reality-and-new-challenges
#4
REVIEW
Hany Aly, Mohamed A Mohamed, Jen-Tien Wung
The discovery of surfactant was one of the most significant research events to occur in the history of neonatology. Certainly, surfactant saved lives for premature infants who were otherwise considered non-viable. However, the prevention of chronic lung disease did not progress and it became clear that a significant portion of the help surfactant provides to the premature lung is counteracted by mechanical ventilation. A dilemma exists over the priorities in premature management to intubate and administer surfactant or not to intubate and support these infants non-invasively with the use of continuous positive airway pressure...
October 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757329/infections-following-surgical-patent-ductus-arteriosus-ligation-in-very-low-birthweight-neonates
#5
K Kopeć-Godlewska, J Wójkowska-Mach
BACKGROUND: Very-low-birthweight (VLBW) neonates (<1500g) comprise approximately 1% of liveborn infants in Poland. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common complication of prematurity. This study aimed to determine how many VLBW neonates treated in the participating units needed surgical correction of PDA, and to evaluate the incidence of various types of postoperative infections and their microbiology. METHODS: Observational study in five neonatology departments by the Polish Neonatology Surveillance Network, involving 2039 VLBW newborns of whom 103 (5...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715154/the-role-of-oxidative-stress-in-acute-renal-injury-of-newborn-rats-exposed-to-hypoxia-and-endotoxin
#6
Egor Y Plotnikov, Tatiana A Pavlenko, Irina B Pevzner, Ljubava D Zorova, Vasily N Manskikh, Denis N Silachev, Gennady T Sukhikh, Dmitry B Zorov
Neonatal kidney injury is a frequent pathology, especially among premature infants. The search for effective nephroprotection requires the creation of adequate experimental models of nephropathy in newborns. In this study, we explored the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) in neonatal rats during hypoxia or administration of endotoxin. We found that 2-h hypoxia (8% O2 ) and the intraperitoneal injection of 4 mg·kg(-1) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) causes the appearance of AKI markers, such as kidney injury molecule-1 (КIM-1) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in the rat urine after 24 and 72 h of exposure...
September 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665066/comparison-of-follow-up-courses-after-discharge-from-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-between-very-low-birth-weight-infants-with-and-without-home-oxygen
#7
Ji Sook Kim, Jae Won Shim, Jang Hoon Lee, Yun Sil Chang
In order to investigate the clinical impact of home oxygen use for care of premature infants, we compared the follow-up courses after neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge between very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs) with and without home oxygen. We retrospectively identified 1,232 VLBWIs born at 22 to 32 weeks of gestation, discharged from the NICU of 43 hospitals in Korea between April 2009 and March 2010, and followed them up until April 2011. Clinical outcomes, medical service uses, and readmission and death rates during follow-up after the NICU discharge were compared between VLBWIs with (HO, n = 167) and those without (CON, n = 1,056) home oxygen at discharge...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536728/neonatologist-performed-point-of-care-functional-echocardiography-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#8
Woei Bing Poon, Keng Yean Wong
Functional echocardiography (fECHO) refers to a bedside, limited assessment of the ductus arteriosus, myocardial performance and pulmonary or systemic haemodynamics that is brief in nature and addresses a specific clinical question or management dilemma. This point-of-care ultrasonography is increasingly used internationally and locally among neonatal units to assist with management of neonatal haemodynamic conditions. This article intends to explain the modality, its indications, interpretation and implications for management, and how it impacts long-term outcomes, particularly in chronic lung disease for premature infants born before 32 weeks of gestation...
May 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392287/blocked-delayed-or-obstructed-what-causes-poor-white-matter-development-in-intrauterine-growth-restricted-infants
#9
REVIEW
Mary Tolcos, Steven Petratos, Jonathan J Hirst, Flora Wong, Sarah J Spencer, Aminath Azhan, Ben Emery, David W Walker
Poor white matter development in intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) babies remains a major, untreated problem in neonatology. New therapies, guided by an understanding of the mechanisms that underlie normal and abnormal oligodendrocyte development and myelin formation, are required. Much of our knowledge of the mechanisms that underlie impaired myelination come from studies in adult demyelinating disease, preterm brain injury, or experimental models of hypoxia-ischemia. However, relatively less is known for IUGR which is surprising because IUGR is a leading cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity, second only to premature birth...
July 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268184/feeding-premature-neonates-kinship-and-species-in-translational-neonatology
#10
Mie S Dam, Sandra M Juhl, Per T Sangild, Mette N Svendsen
Kinship, understood as biogenetic proximity, between a chosen animal model and a human patient counterpart, is considered essential to the process of 'translating' research from the experimental animal laboratory to the human clinic. In the Danish research centre, NEOMUNE, premature piglets are fed a novel milk diet (bovine colostrum) to model the effects of this new diet in premature infants. Our ethnographic fieldwork in an experimental pig laboratory and a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in 2013-2014 shows that regardless of biogenetics, daily practices of feeding, housing, and clinical care hold the potential for stimulating and eroding kinship relations between human and nonhuman actors...
April 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258680/bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-very-and-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-analysis-of-selected-risk-factors
#11
Przemysław Kiciński, Marcin Kęsiak, Marek Nowiczewski, Ewa Gulczyńska
AIM: The aim of the study was to analyze the role of specific risk factors affecting the development and clinical course of BPD in infants born before 32 weeks of gestation with a birth weight ≤ 1500g. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 222 infants born and hospitalized at the Department of Neonatology, Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital-Research Institute. At their 28-th day of life, the patients were divided into two groups: with and without BPD. The grade of BPD severity was determined at 36 weeks of postmenstrual age...
February 20, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202378/neonatology-oxidative-status-in-preterm-infants-with-premature-preterm-rupture-of-membranes-and-fetal-inflammatuar-response-syndrome
#12
Elif Özalkaya, Güner Karatekin, Sevilay Topçuoğlu, Hande Özgün Karatepe, Taner Hafızoğlu, Pervin Baran, Fahri Ovalı
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study, to determine an index of oxidative stress index in preterm infants less than 34 weeks gestational age with premature preterm rupture of membrane (PPROM) and fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS). METHODS: This study was designed as a prospective study. Fifty-one premature infants less than 35 weeks of gestational age were included in the study. The umbilical cord blood concentrations of IL-6, TAC (total antioxidant capacity) and PON-1 (paraoxonase-1) levels and TOS (total oxidative stress) were studied...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130919/the-development-of-extremely-premature-infants
#13
Wolfgang Voss, Elke Hobbiebrunken, Uta Ungermann, Michael Wagner, Gabriele Damm
BACKGROUND: Until now, there has been no comprehensive long-term study in Germany on the development of extremely premature infants up to school age. METHODS: From October 2004 to September 2008, in the German federal state of Lower Saxony, 437 infants born at a gestational age less than 28 weeks were followed up at the ages of 2 and 5 years, and some at the age of 10 years. The 5-year follow-up data were collated with the peri- and neonatological parameters and compared with the 2- and 10-year follow-up data...
December 26, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086969/multicenter-neonatal-databases-trends-in-research-uses
#14
REVIEW
Liza M Creel, Sean Gregory, Catherine J McNeal, Madhava R Beeram, David R Krauss
BACKGROUND: In the US, approximately 12.7% of all live births are preterm, 8.2% of live births were low birth weight (LBW), and 1.5% are very low birth weight (VLBW). Although technological advances have improved mortality rates among preterm and LBW infants, improving overall rates of prematurity and LBW remains a national priority. Monitoring short- and long-term outcomes is critical for advancing medical treatment and minimizing morbidities associated with prematurity or LBW; however, studying these infants can be challenging...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068438/variation-in-performance-of-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-the-united-states
#15
Jeffrey D Horbar, Erika M Edwards, Lucy T Greenberg, Kate A Morrow, Roger F Soll, Madge E Buus-Frank, Jeffrey S Buzas
Importance: Hospitals use rates from the best quartile or decile as benchmarks for quality improvement aims, but to what extent these aims are achievable is uncertain. Objective: To determine the proportion of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in 2014 that achieved rates for death and major morbidities as low as the shrunken adjusted rates from the best quartile and decile in 2005 and the time it took to achieve those rates. Design, Setting, and Participants: A total of 408 164 infants with a birth weight of 501 to 1500 g born from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2014, and cared for at 756 Vermont Oxford Network member NICUs in the United States were evaluated...
March 6, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040456/exhaled-breath-condensate-analysis-from-intubated-newborns-by-nano-hplc-coupled-to-high-resolution-ms
#16
A S Kononikhin, N L Starodubtseva, V V Chagovets, A Y Ryndin, A A Burov, I A Popov, A E Bugrova, R A Dautov, A O Tokareva, Y L Podurovskaya, O V Ionov, V E Frankevich, E N Nikolaev, G T Sukhikh
Invasiveness of examination and therapy methods is a serious problem for intensive care and nursing of premature infants. Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is the most attractive biofluid for non-invasive methods development in neonatology for monitoring the status of intubated infants. The aim of the study was to propose an approach for EBC sampling and analysis from mechanically ventilated neonates. EBC collection system with good reproducibility of sampling was demonstrated. Discovery-based proteomic and metabolomic studies were performed using nano-HPLC coupled to high resolution MS...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002856/-the-changing-value-of-mother-s-milk-feeding-premature-and-sick-newborns-since-the-late-19th-century
#17
REVIEW
A Sunder-Plaßmann
In the 1960s/early 70s there was a widespread conviction in West Germany that mother's milk was no longer essential even for premature infants given the availability of improved industrial milk products. But today the superiority of human milk is again undisputed, and progress in neonatology has created a growing target group of extremely premature infants who show clear benefits from being fed with human milk, particularly regarding improved outcomes. Currently there is a revival of donor milk banks (FMB)...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924356/comparison-of-two-common-aeeg-classifications-for-the-prediction-of-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-preterm-infants
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nora Bruns, Frauke Dransfeld, Britta Hüning, Julia Hobrecht, Tobias Storbeck, Christel Weiss, Ursula Felderhoff-Müser, Hanna Müller
Neurodevelopmental outcome after prematurity is crucial. The aim was to compare two amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) classifications (Hellström-Westas (HW), Burdjalov) for outcome prediction. We recruited 65 infants ≤32 weeks gestational age with aEEG recordings within the first 72 h of life and Bayley testing at 24 months corrected age or death. Statistical analyses were performed for each 24 h section to determine whether very immature/depressed or mature/developed patterns predict survival/neurological outcome and to find predictors for mental development index (MDI) and psychomotor development index (PDI) at 24 months corrected age...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915314/programs-for-detecting-and-treating-retinopathy-of-prematurity-role-of-the-neonatal-team
#19
Sudhanshu Grover, Deeksha Katoch, Mangat R Dogra, Praveen Kumar
High quality perinatal-neonatal care can prevent severe Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in most cases. Preterm infants who do develop retinopathy can also have good visual outcomes if screening and treatment are done timely. National Neonatology Forum published clinical practice guidelines for timely screening and treatment of ROP in neonatal care units in the country in 2010. It is also listed as one of the condition under Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram for early identification and early intervention, and is currently a focus area under the National Program for Control of Blindness...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915311/can-we-stop-the-current-epidemic-of-blindness-from-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#20
Sourabh Dutta, Talkad Raghuveer, Anand Vinekar, Mangat Ram Dogra
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a retinal vascular disease of the premature infant. There have been significant advances in the understanding of the pathogenesis, prevention, detection and treatment of severe ROP. In developed countries, all premature infants at risk for ROP are screened routinely based on national guidelines and treatment is prompt, resulting in good visual outcomes. Blindness from ROP is a rare event in these countries. However, there is an ongoing epidemic of ROP- induced blindness in India...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
39724
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"