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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791282/the-global-health-service-partnership-an-academic-clinical-partnership-to-build-nursing-and-medical-capacity-in-africa
#1
REVIEW
Eileen M Stuart-Shor, Elizabeth Cunningham, Laura Foradori, Elizabeth Hutchinson, Martha Makwero, Jill Smith, Jane Kasozi, Esther M Johnston, Aliasgar Khaki, Elisa Vandervort, Fabiola Moshi, Vanessa B Kerry
The World Health Organization estimates a global deficit of about 12.9 million skilled health professionals (midwives, nurses, and physicians) by 2035. These shortages limit the ability of countries, particularly resource-constrained countries, to deliver basic health care, to respond to emerging and more complex needs, and to teach, graduate, and retain their future health professionals-a vicious cycle that is perpetuated and has profound implications for health security. The Global Health Service Partnership (GHSP) is a unique collaboration between the Peace Corps, President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, Seed and host-country institutions, which aims to strengthen the breadth and quality of medical and nursing education and care delivery in places with dire shortages of health professionals...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790966/randomized-controlled-study-of-a-remote-flipped-classroom-neuro-otology-curriculum
#2
Frederick Robert Carrick, Mahera Abdulrahman, Ahmed Hankir, Maksim Zayaruzny, Kinda Najem, Palita Lungchukiet, Roger A Edwards
CONTEXT: Medical Education can be delivered in the traditional classroom or via novel technology including an online classroom. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that learning in an online classroom would result in similar outcomes as learning in the traditional classroom when using a flipped classroom pedagogy. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. A total of 274 subjects enrolled in a Neuro-otology training program for non-Neuro-otologists of 25 h held over a 3-day period...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765467/dental-education-required-for-the-changing-health-care-environment
#3
Margherita Fontana, Carlos González-Cabezas, Tracy de Peralta, David C Johnsen
To be able to meet the demands for care in 2040, dental graduates will need to address challenges resulting from the rapidly changing health care environment with knowledge and sets of skills to build on current standards and adapt to the future. The purposes of this article are to 1) analyze key challenges likely to evolve considerably between now and 2040 that will impact dental education and practice and 2) propose several sets of skills and educational outcomes necessary to address these challenges. The challenges discussed include changes in prevalence of oral diseases, dental practice patterns, materials and technologies, integrated medical-dental care, role of electronic health records, cultural competence, integrated curricula, interprofessional education, specialty-general balance, and web/cloud-based collaborations...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761885/self-directed-learning-barriers-in-a-virtual-environment-a-qualitative-study
#4
Noushin Kohan, Kamran Soltani Arabshahi, Rita Mojtahedzadeh, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Tayebeh Rakhshani, Amirhousein Emami
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing trend in online education courses in higher education institutes. Previous studies have shown that high levels of self-direction are essential for successful online learning. The present study aims to investigate challenges of and barriers to self-directed virtual-learning among postgraduate students of medical sciences. METHOD: 23 postgraduate virtual students of medical sciences in Iran, collected through maximum variation purposive sampling and semi-structured interviews, served as the sample of this study...
July 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759739/online-embryology-teaching-using-learning-management-systems-appears-to-be-a-successful-additional-learning-tool-among-egyptian-medical-students
#5
Ahmed Farid Al-Neklawy
Although the traditional didactic lecture is considered to be efficient for presenting information and providing explanations, it usually does not provide adequate time for deeper learning activities. So, traditional lecture is one of the most widely criticized educational methods. Virtual learning environment (VLE) is a specially designed environment that facilitates teachers' management of educational courses for their students, using computer hardware and software, which involves distance learning. In this study, we evaluated the experiment of online teaching of General Embryology for Egyptian undergraduate medical students using WizIQ learning management system...
July 29, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753247/take-away-body-parts-an-investigation-into-the-use-of-3d-printed-anatomical-models-in-undergraduate-anatomy-education
#6
Claire F Smith, Nicholas Tollemache, Derek Covill, Malcolm Johnston
Understanding the three-dimensional (3D) nature of the human form is imperative for effective medical practice and the emergence of 3D printing creates numerous opportunities to enhance aspects of medical and healthcare training. A recently deceased, un-embalmed donor was scanned through high-resolution computed tomography. The scan data underwent segmentation and post-processing and a range of 3D-printed anatomical models were produced. A four-stage mixed-methods study was conducted to evaluate the educational value of the models in a medical program...
July 28, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743855/evaluation-of-an-occupational-health-educational-program-based-on-alumni-perceptions-in-iran-structural-equation-model
#7
Semira Mehralizadeh, Alireza Dehdashti, Masoud Motalebi Kashani
Purpose: Evaluating educational program can improve the quality of education that learners receive. The present study evaluated undergraduate occupational health educational program at Medical sciences university of Semnan, Iran, focused on the associations between alumni perceptions of learning environment and outcomes in occupational health program. Methods: cross-sectional questionnaire survey was carried out among alumni of occupational health enrolled in an undergraduate program...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723811/the-afya-bora-fellowship-an-innovative-program-focused-on-creating-an-interprofessional-network-of-leaders-in-global-health
#8
Wendy M Green, Carey Farquhar, Yohana Mashalla
PROBLEM: Most current health professions education programs are focused on the development of clinical skills. As a result, they may not address the complex and interconnected nature of global health. Trainees require relevant clinical, programmatic, and leadership skills to meet the challenges of practicing in an increasingly globalized environment. APPROACH: To develop health care leaders within sub-Saharan Africa, the Afya Bora Consortium developed a one-year fellowship for medical doctors and nurses...
July 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721120/effective-learning-environments-the-process-of-creating-and-maintaining-an-online-continuing-education-tool
#9
Sharon Davies, Gianni Roberto Lorello, Kristi Downey, Zeev Friedman
Continuing medical education (CME) is an indispensable part of maintaining physicians' competency. Since attending conferences requires clinical absenteeism and is not universally available, online learning has become popular. The purpose of this study is to conduct a retrospective analysis examining the creation process of an anesthesia website for adherence to the published guidelines and, in turn, provide an illustration of developing accredited online CME. Using Kern's guide to curriculum development, our website analysis confirmed each of the six steps was met...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720087/resident-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-duty-hour-restrictions-on-resident-attending-interactions-an-exploratory-study
#10
Kristen A Gerjevic, Marcy E Rosenbaum, Manish Suneja
BACKGROUND: The institution of duty hour reforms by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education in 2003 has created a learning environment where residents are consistently looking for input from attending physicians with regards to balancing duty hour regulations and providing quality patient care. There is a paucity of literature regarding resident perceptions of attending physician actions or attitudes towards work hour restrictions. The purpose of this study was to identify attending physician behaviors that residents perceived as supportive or unsupportive of their compliance with duty hour regulations...
July 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716337/physical-models-and-virtual-reality-simulators-in-otolaryngology
#11
REVIEW
Luv Javia, Maya G Sardesai
The increasing role of simulation in the medical education of future otolaryngologists has followed suit with other surgical disciplines. Simulators make it possible for the resident to explore and learn in a safe and less stressful environment. The various subspecialties in otolaryngology use physical simulators and virtual-reality simulators. Although physical simulators allow the operator to make direct contact with its components, virtual-reality simulators allow the operator to interact with an environment that is computer generated...
July 14, 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712688/the-role-of-the-operating-room-in-medical-student-education-differing-perspectives-of-learners-and-educators
#12
Rebecca O'Neill, Michael Shapiro, Aziz Merchant
OBJECTIVE: The surgical clerkship is an integral part of third-year medical student education. The operating room (OR) is a heavily used setting, but it is unclear whether this setting is as effective as possible. To determine the role of the OR and potential improvements, it is necessary to analyze the perspectives of those involved, including surgeons, residents, and medical students. DESIGN: An electronic survey was distributed to the surgeons, surgical residents, and third-year medical students associated with Rutgers New Jersey Medical School...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707640/what-do-faculty-feel-about-teaching-in-this-school-assessment-of-medical-education-environment-by-teachers
#13
Syed Ilyas Shehnaz, Mohamed Arifulla, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Kadayam Guruswami Gomathi
BACKGROUND: Faculty members are major stakeholders in curriculum delivery, and positive student learning outcomes can only be expected in an educational environment (EE) conducive to learning. EE experienced by teachers includes all conditions affecting teaching and learning activities. As the EE of teachers indirectly influences the EE of students, assessment of teachers' perceptions of EE can highlight issues affecting student learning. These perceptions can also serve as a valuable tool for identifying faculty development needs...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704187/striving-for-better-medical-education-the-simulation-approach
#14
REVIEW
Boris E Sakakushev, Blagoi I Marinov, Penka P Stefanova, Stefan St Kostianev, Evangelos K Georgiou
Medical simulation is a rapidly expanding area within medical education due to advances in technology, significant reduction in training hours and increased procedural complexity. Simulation training aims to enhance patient safety through improved technical competency and eliminating human factors in a risk free environment. It is particularly applicable to a practical, procedure-orientated specialties. Simulation can be useful for novice trainees, experienced clinicians (e.g. for revalidation) and team building...
June 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699937/techniques-and-behaviors-associated-with-exemplary-inpatient-general-medicine-teaching-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#15
Nathan Houchens, Molly Harrod, Stephanie Moody, Karen Fowler, Sanjay Saint
BACKGROUND: Clinician educators face numerous obstacles to their joint mission of facilitating high-quality learning while also delivering patient-centered care. Such challenges necessitate increased attention to the work of exemplary clinician educators, their respective teaching approaches, and the experiences of their learners. OBJECTIVE: To describe techniques and behaviors utilized by clinician educators to facilitate excellent teaching during inpatient general medicine rounds...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693468/the-self-regulated-learning-of-medical-students-in-the-clinical-environment-a-scoping-review
#16
Kenneth K Cho, Brahm Marjadi, Vicki Langendyk, Wendy Hu
BACKGROUND: Self-regulated learning is the individual's ability to effectively use various strategies to reach their learning goals. We conducted this scoping review to explore what has been found regarding self-regulated learning in the clinical environment and how this was measured. METHODS: Using Arksey and O'Malley's five-stage framework, we searched three medical and educational databases as well as Google Scholar for literature on the self-regulated learning of medical students in the clinical environment published between 1966 and February 2017...
July 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692377/the-interprofessional-learning-experience-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-based-in-an-outpatient-setting
#17
Flemming Jakobsen, Anne Mette Mørcke, Torben Bæk Hansen
Clinical interprofessional education has traditionally taken place in hospital wards, but much diagnosis and treatment have shifted to the outpatient setting. The logical consequence is to shift more students' clinical placements from the "bedside" to outpatient settings. However, it is unclear how we ensure that this shift maximises learning. The purpose of this article is to understand the authentic learning experience in an interprofessional outpatient clinic setting. We performed an exploratory case study with interviews of four nursing students, 13 medical students, and six staff members who worked in an interprofessional outpatient orthopaedic clinic from March 2015 to January 2016...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688969/the-steinberg-centre-for-simulation-and-interactive-learning-at-mcgill-university
#18
Carmen L Mueller, Genevieve Cyr, Ilana Bank, Farhan Bhanji, Laura Birnbaum, Miriam Boillat, Marie-Eve Bolduc, Jeffrey Chankowsky, Evelyn Constantin, Beth-Ann Cummings, Rachel Fisher, Philippe Legault, N Hugo Marchand, Luis Monton, Teresa Rudkin, Bayane Sabsabi, Niki Soilis, Daniel Zigman, Rajesh Aggarwal
Simulation allows for learner-centered health professions training by providing a safe environment to practice and make mistakes without jeopardizing patient care. It was with this goal in mind that the McGill Medical Simulation Center was officially opened on September 14, 2006, as a partnership between McGill University, the Faculty of Medicine and its affiliated hospitals. Its mandate is to provide state-of-the-art facilities to support simulation-based medical and allied health education initiatives. Since its inception, the center, recently renamed the Steinberg Center for Simulation and Interactive Learning (SCSIL), has undergone a major expansion and logged more than 130,000 learner visits...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680774/diabetic-ketoacidosis-an-emergency-medicine-simulation-scenario
#19
Reuben Addison, Tate Skinner, Felix Zhou, Michael Parsons
Simulation provides a safe environment where learning is enhanced through the deliberate practice of skills and controlled management of a variety of clinical encounters. This is particularly important for core cases and low-frequency, high-stakes procedures and encounters. Competency-based medical education has seen widespread adoption in the field along with ongoing work in the areas of undergraduate and postgraduate training. Similarly, effective professional development activities stand to benefit greatly from a more stringent integration of simulation and competency-based approaches...
May 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667549/exploring-the-influence-of-context-on-feedback-at-medical-school-a-video-ethnography-study
#20
L M Urquhart, J S Ker, C E Rees
Feedback in medical education is complicated by the multiple contexts within which learning occurs. However, feedback research in medical education has typically focused on information provided by tutors to students with limited exploration of the influence of context. This research seeks to address this gap by exploring the influence of multiple contexts upon feedback processes. Employing video-ethnography methodology we explored feedback in two common contexts for medical student learning: the simulated clinical environment and the medical workplace...
June 30, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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