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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780789/a-fundamentals-train-the-trainer-approach-to-building-pediatric-critical-care-expertise-in-the-developing-world
#1
Sheri S Crow, Beth A Ballinger, Mariela Rivera, David Tsibadze, Nino Gakhokidze, Nino Zavrashvili, Matthew J Ritter, Grace M Arteaga
Pediatric Fundamental Critical Care Support (PFCCS) is an educational tool for training non-intensivists, nurses, and critical care practitioners in diverse health-care settings to deal with the acute deterioration of pediatric patients. Our objective was to evaluate the PFCCS course as a tool for developing a uniform, reproducible, and sustainable model for educating local health-care workers in the optimal management of critically ill children in the Republic of Georgia. Over a period of 18 months and four visits to the country, we worked with Georgian pediatric critical care leadership to complete the following tasks: (1) survey health-care needs within the Republic of Georgia, (2) present representative PFCCS lectures and simulation scenarios to evaluate interest and obtain "buy-in" from key stakeholders throughout the Georgian educational infrastructure, and (3) identify PFCCS instructor candidates...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776841/-medical-simulation-as-a-tool-in-the-training-of-perinatal-professionals
#2
B Tosello, J Blanc, C Kelway, V Pellegrin, E Quarello, F Comte, C Zakarian, C D'Ercole
Though technology plays an increasingly important role in modern health systems, human performance remains a major determinant of safety, effectiveness and efficiency of patient care. This is especially true in the delivery room. Thus, the training of professionals must aim not only for the acquisition of theory and practical skills on an individual basis, but also for the learning of teamwork systematically. Training health professionals with simulation enhances their theoretical knowledge and meets formal requirements in literacy, technical skills and communication...
May 15, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762087/genomics-and-epigenomics-of-congenital-heart-defects-expert-review-and-lessons-learned-in-africa
#3
Nicholas Ekow Thomford, Kevin Dzobo, Nana Akyaa Yao, Emile Chimusa, Jonathan Evans, Emmanuel Okai, Paul Kruszka, Maximilian Muenke, Gordon Awandare, Ambroise Wonkam, Collet Dandara
Congenital heart defects (CHD) are structural malformations found at birth with a prevalence of 1%. The clinical trajectory of CHD is highly variable and thus in need of robust diagnostics and therapeutics. Major surgical interventions are often required for most CHDs. In Africa, despite advances in life sciences infrastructure and improving education of medical scholars, the limited clinical data suggest that CHD detection and correction are still not at par with the rest of the world. But the toll and genetics of CHDs in Africa has seldom been systematically investigated...
May 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757048/interprofessional-education-involving-didactic-teamstepps%C3%A2-and-interactive-healthcare-simulation-a-systematic-review
#4
Lauren A Welsch, Johanna Hoch, Rebecca Deal Poston, V Andrea Parodi, Muge Akpinar-Elci
The didactic portion of TeamSTEPPS®, which focuses on teaching teamwork and communication, coupled with interactive simulation methods provides a unique interprofessional education (IPE) learning environment. Across the literature there are a wide variety of such programs described, but there is not a consensus on the most effective methodology. A systematic review was therefore undertaken to synthesize, critically appraise, and evaluate existing literature on IPE programs that utilize didactic TeamSTEPPS in conjunction with interactive healthcare simulation...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752859/shifts-in-nursing-and-medical-student-s-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-about-interprofessional-work-an-interprofessional-placement-in-ambulatory-care
#5
Karla Seaman, Rosemary Saunders, Helen Dugmore, Claire Tobin, Rachel Singer, Fiona Lake
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To examine students' beliefs, behaviours and attitudes in relation to interprofessional socialisation, and their expectations and experience, before and after a two-week clinical placement in ambulatory care. BACKGROUND: Interprofessional clinical placements for students are important for developing an understanding of interprofessional collaboration and identity, for the benefit of patient care. Ambulatory care environment involves collaborative management of complex chronic problems...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725559/trapped-as-a-group-escape-as-a-team-applying-gamification-to-incorporate-team-building-skills-through-an-escape-room-experience
#6
Xiao Chi Zhang, Hyunjoo Lee, Carlos Rodriguez, Joshua Rudner, Teresa M Chan, Dimitrios Papanagnou
Teamwork, a skill critical for quality patient care, is recognized as a core competency by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). To date, there is no consensus on how to effectively teach these skills in a forum that engages learners, immerses members in life-like activities, and builds both trust and rapport. Recreational 'Escape Rooms' have gained popularity in creating a life-like environment that rewards players for working together, solving puzzles, and completing successions of mind-bending tasks in order to effectively 'escape the room' in the time allotted...
March 2, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717531/stress-predictors-in-two-asian-dental-schools-with-an-integrated-curriculum-and-traditional-curriculum
#7
T T T Nguyen, N Seki, I Morio
INTRODUCTION: This study explored stress predictors and the role of instructional methods and institutional differences in perceived stress levels amongst students at two Asian dental schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was distributed to undergraduate dental students at Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Japan and the University of Medicine and Pharmacy (UMP), Hochiminh City, Vietnam in 2016. Data concerning the students' demographic information and grades, and responses to the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and Dental Environment Stress questionnaire (DES) were collected...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709383/-flipped-classrooms-in-training-in-maxillofacial-surgery-preparation-before-the-traditional-didactic-lecture
#8
Ross Elledge, Samantha Houlton, Stephanie Hackett, Martin J Evans
While virtual learning environments (VLE) can be used in medical education as stand-alone educational interventions, they can also be used in preparation for traditional "face-to-face" training sessions as part of a "flipped classroom" model. We sought to evaluate the introduction of this model in a single module on maxillofacial radiology from a course on trauma skills. Course delegates were randomised into two groups: one was given access to an e-learning resource (test group) and the other attended a traditional didactic lecture (control group)...
April 28, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689014/baby-friendly-as-a-regional-collaborative-quality-improvement-project-in-an-academic-medical-center-environment
#9
Martha J Krauss, Michelle Sharp
In 2012, the state of South Carolina lacked any Baby-Friendly designated hospitals. The Medical University of South Carolina had a strong lactation service since 2002 but continued to struggle with improving breastfeeding rates. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative was the catalyst to increase breastfeeding rates at this academic medical center. In 2012, membership in the Best Fed Beginnings Learning Collaborative heightened awareness of the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration. Participation in the regional collaborative provided evidence-based breastfeeding education and best clinical practices that supported the maternal-infant dyad...
April 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688097/-doctor-jazz-lessons-that-medical-professionals-can-learn-from-jazz-musicians
#10
Allard E van Ark, Marjo Wijnen-Meijer
BACKGROUND: The worlds of a physician and a jazz musician seem entirely different. Various studies, however, relating the concepts behind jazz music to medical practice and education, have been published. The aim of this essayistic review is to summarize previously described concepts behind jazz music and its required artistic skills that could be translated to medicine, encouraging doctors, medical students and medical educators to see their professional environment from a different perspective...
April 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686769/residents-ratings-of-their-clinical-supervision-and-their-self-reported-medical-errors-analysis-of-data-from-2009
#11
DeWitt C Baldwin, Steven R Daugherty, Patrick M Ryan, Nicholas A Yaghmour, Ingrid Philibert
Background : Medical errors and patient safety are major concerns for the medical and medical education communities. Improving clinical supervision for residents is important in avoiding errors, yet little is known about how residents perceive the adequacy of their supervision and how this relates to medical errors and other education outcomes, such as learning and satisfaction. Methods : We analyzed data from a 2009 survey of residents in 4 large specialties regarding the adequacy and quality of supervision they receive as well as associations with self-reported data on medical errors and residents' perceptions of their learning environment...
April 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686762/awareness-of-bullying-in-residency-results-of-a-national-survey-of-internal-medicine-program-directors
#12
Manasa S Ayyala, Saima Chaudhry, Donna Windish, Denise Dupras, Shalini T Reddy, Scott M Wright
Background : Bullying of medical trainees is believed to occur more frequently in medical education than once thought. Objective : We conducted a survey to understand internal medicine program director (PD) perspectives and awareness about bullying in their residency programs. Methods : The 2015 Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine (APDIM) annual survey was e-mailed to 368 of 396 PDs with APDIM membership, representing 93% of internal medicine residency programs...
April 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684042/bridging-the-gap-between-informatics-and-medicine-upon-medical-school-entry-implementing-a-course-on-the-applicative-use-of-ict
#13
Natasa M Milic, Nikola Ilic, Dejana M Stanisavljevic, Andja M Cirkovic, Jelena S Milin, Zoran M Bukumiric, Nikola V Milic, Marko D Savic, Sara M Ristic, Goran Z Trajkovic
Education is undergoing profound changes due to permanent technological innovations. This paper reports the results of a pilot study aimed at developing, implementing and evaluating the course, "Applicative Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in Medicine," upon medical school entry. The Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, introduced a curriculum reform in 2014 that included the implementation of the course, "Applicative Use of ICT in Medicine" for first year medical students...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663182/do-reciprocal-relationships-between-academic-workload-and-self-regulated-learning-predict-medical-freshmen-s-achievement-a-longitudinal-study-on-the-educational-transition-from-secondary-school-to-medical-school
#14
Joselina Barbosa, Álvaro Silva, Maria Amélia Ferreira, Milton Severo
One of the most important factors that makes the transition from secondary school to medical school challenging is the inability to put in the study time that a medical school curriculum demands. The implementation of regulated learning is essential for students to cope with medical course environment and succeed. This study aimed to investigate the reciprocal relationships between self-regulated learning skills (SRLS) and academic workload (AW) across secondary school to medical school transition. Freshmen enrolled in medical school (N = 102) completed questionnaires at the beginning and at the end of their academic year, assessing AW (measured as study time hours and perceived workload), SRLS (planning and strategies for learning assessment, motivation and action to learning and self-directedness) and academic achievement...
April 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661355/the-structure-of-medical-intensive-care-units-at-training-institutions
#15
Marc Heincelman, Ashley Duckett, Brad Keith, Andrew Schreiner, Jingwen Zhang, Edward Kilb, Benjamin Clyburn
BACKGROUND: As a result of the 2011 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) work hour guideline implementation, the structure of intensive care unit (ICU) teams at training institutions has been affected. The impact these changes have had on the current work environment has not been well described. METHODS: The authors conducted an online survey of internal medicine program directors in 2016. The survey investigated how training institutions structure their intensive care units in reference to volume, resident housestaff and alternative coverage options, with a focus on changes made after the implementation of the 2011 ACGME duty hour restrictions...
April 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661097/qualitative-evaluation-of-how-a-virtual-dementia-experience-impacts-medical-and-pharmacy-students-self-reported-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-people-with-dementia
#16
Julia F-M Gilmartin-Thomas, John McNeil, Anne Powell, Daniel T Malone, Ian C Larson, Claire L O'Reilly, Carl M Kirkpatrick, Eva Kipen, Tanya Petrovich, Taliesin E Ryan-Atwood, J Simon Bell
Objectives It is important for healthcare professional students to understand the experience of people with dementia, their family, and their carers. Despite person-centred educational policies, current curriculums may not adequately prepare students to meet the needs of people with dementia. This study qualitatively evaluated the impact of a virtual dementia experience on medical and pharmacy students' self-reported knowledge and attitudes towards people with dementia. Methods Ten focus groups were conducted with 29 medical and 24 pharmacy students in September and October 2016...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658798/mock-echo-a-simulation-based-medical-education-method
#17
Rebecca C Fowler, Joanna G Katzman, George D Comerci, Brian M Shelley, Daniel Duhigg, Cynthia Olivas, Thomas Arnold, Summers Kalishman, Rebecca Monnette, Sanjeev Arora
PROBLEM: This study was designed to develop a deeper understanding of the learning and social processes that take place during the simulation-based medical education for practicing providers as part of the Project ECHO® model, known as Mock ECHO training. The ECHO model is utilized to expand access to care of common and complex diseases by supporting the education of primary care providers with an interprofessional team of specialists via videoconferencing networks. INTERVENTION: Mock ECHO trainings are conducted through a train the trainer model targeted at leaders replicating the ECHO model at their organizations...
April 16, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651758/the-role-of-emergency-medicine-clerkship-e-portfolio-to-monitor-the-learning-experience-of-students-in-different-settings-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Arif Alper Cevik, Sami Shaban, Margret El Zubeir, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
BACKGROUND: Although emergency departments provide acute care learning opportunities for medical students, student exposure to recommended curriculum presentations and procedures are limited. In this perspective, clinical environments providing learning opportunities for students should be monitored as part of an ongoing quality improvement process. This study aims to analyze student exposures and their involvement levels in two different hospitals (Tawam and Al Ain) so as to improve the teaching and learning activities...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651305/student-perceptions-of-the-education-environment-in-a-spanish-medical-podiatry-school
#19
Patricia Palomo-López, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, César Calvo-Lobo, Natalia Tovaruela-Carrión, David Rodríguez-Sanz, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Daniel López-López
Background: The aim of this study was to explore students' perceptions of the educational environment (EE) in a Spanish school of podiatry. Various aspects of EE were compared by academic year in the program. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using a questionnaire to collect perceptions using data from a 2015 survey. Podiatric medical students from Extremadura University participated in this study. EE was assessed with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) tool...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629066/the-challenges-of-clinical-education-in-a-baccalaureate-surgical-technology-students-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#20
Roghayeh Zardosht, Hossein Karimi Moonaghi, Mohammad Etezad Razavi, Soleiman Ahmady
Background: Clinical education is an integral part of the surgical technology curriculum, in which students combine and integrate knowledge, skills, attitudes, values and philosophies of the profession. It is difficult to learn and adapt to different types of skills and roles in the operating room environment. Objective: This qualitative study examines the difference between the clinical education of Surgical Technology and other clinical settings, and the challenges faced by students in the field, within the course...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
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