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Neuro-Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757807/thicknesses-of-central-macular-retinal-nerve-fiber-and-ganglion-cell-inner-plexiform-layers-in-patients-with-hypertension
#1
Soo Hyun Lee, Woo Hyuk Lee, Hyung Bin Lim, Young Joon Jo, Jung Yeul Kim
PURPOSE: To compare retinal thickness between patients with chronic hypertension without retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy, Keith-Wagener-Barker Grade IV status, and normal controls using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we analyzed patients who visited our retinal clinic from January 2013 to February 2016. Of those included, 58 eyes of 58 patients were in the healthy control group (Group A), 37 eyes of 37 patients were in the chronic hypertension without retinopathy group (disease duration of at least 10 years; Group B), and 31 eyes of 31 patients with relieved hypertensive retinopathy (Grade IV hypertensive retinopathy a year or more ago but no longer had hypertensive retinopathy at the time of the study; Group C)...
May 11, 2018: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756712/traumatic-cataract-surgery-in-pediatric-patients-experience-in-a-site
#2
Verónica Y Burgos-Elías, Ma José Marroquín-Sarti, Martin A Zimmermann-Paiz, Ana Marissa Ordoñez Rivas, Nancy C Quezada-Del Cid
of this study was to determine the characteristics of patients younger than 14 years who underwent traumatic cataract surgery at the Unit of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Strabismus and Neuro-Ophthalmology "Dra. Ana María Illescas Putzeys" of Hospital de Ojos y Oídos "Dr. Rodolfo Robles V." A retrospective, descriptive, and observational study was carried out to review the medical records of patients who underwent cataract surgery between 2010 and 2015. A total of 54 children underwent traumatic cataract surgery; 75% were boys; 68% were in the 6-11-year-old age range...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742521/literature-commentary
#3
(no author information available yet)
In this issue of Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology, M. Tariq Bhatti, MD and Mark L. Moster, MD will discuss the following 6 articles.
June 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738351/more-than-meets-the-eye-the-eye-and-migraine-what-you-need-to-know
#4
Kathleen B Digre
Migraine has long been associated with disturbances of vision, especially migraine with aura. However, the eye plays an important role in sensory processing as well. We have found that the visual quality of life is reduced in migraine. In this review, we discuss how the migraine and eye pain pathways are similar and affect many of the common complaints which are seen in ophthalmology and neuro-ophthalmology offices, such as dry eye and postoperative eye pain. We also review other related phenomena, including visual snow and photophobia, which also are related to altered sensory processing in migraine...
June 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699980/neuro-ophthalmological-manifestations-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#5
Ammr Alghamdi, Bahram Bodaghi, Chloé Comarmond, Anne Claire Desbois, Fanny Domont, Bertrand Wechsler, Raphael Depaz, Phuc Le Hoang, Patrice Cacoub, Valérie Touitou, David Saadoun
BACKGROUND: The neuro-ophthalmological manifestations of Behcet's disease (BD) are rare, and data regarding their characteristics and outcome are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To report prevalence, main characteristics and outcome of neuro-ophthalmological manifestations in BD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective monocentric study of 217 patients diagnosed with neuro-Behçet's disease (NBD), of whom 29 (13.3%) patients presented with neuro-ophthalmological manifestations (55% of men and mean±SD age of 26±8 years)...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687086/vertical-diplopia-and-oscillopsia-due-to-midbrain-keyhole-aqueduct-syndrome-associated-with-severe-cough
#6
Angela Jinsook Oh, Bryan Alexander Lanzman, Yaping Joyce Liao
Purpose: Midline structural defects in the neural axis can give rise to neuro-ophthalmic symptoms. We report a rare case of keyhole aqueduct syndrome presenting after two years of severe cough due to gastroesophageal reflux disease. Observations: A 58-year-old woman with a 2-year history of daily, severe cough presented to the neuro-ophthalmology clinic with progressive diplopia and oscillopsia. Examination revealed a 1-2 Hz down-beating nystagmus in primary gaze that worsened with left, right, and down gazes...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677367/stable-microsaccades-and-microsaccade-induced-global-alpha-band-phase-reset-across-the-life-span
#7
Ying Gao, Carl Huber, Bernhard A Sabel
Purpose: To understand the effect of aging on microsaccade functions and brain physiologic responses, we quantified microsaccades and their physiologic correlates (including their interaction with alpha band brain oscillation) in normal subjects of different ages. Methods: Twenty-two normally sighted young (18 to 29 years), 22 middle-aged (31 to 55 years), and 22 elderly subjects (56 to 77 years) participated in this cross-sectional study. Dense array EEG and high-resolution eye-tracking data were simultaneously recorded during a fixation task...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664921/predictors-of-vision-impairment-in-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Bernardo Sanchez-Dalmau, Elena H Martinez-Lapiscina, Irene Pulido-Valdeolivas, Irati Zubizarreta, Sara Llufriu, Yolanda Blanco, Nuria Sola-Valls, Maria Sepulveda, Ana Guerrero, Salut Alba, Magi Andorra, Anna Camos, Laura Sanchez-Vela, Veronica Alfonso, Albert Saiz, Pablo Villoslada
Visual impairment significantly alters the quality of life of people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). The objective of this study was to identify predictors (independent variables) of visual outcomes, and to define their relationship with neurological disability and retinal atrophy when assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 119 consecutive patients with MS, assessing vision using high contrast visual acuity (LogMar), 2.5% and 1.25% low contrast visual acuity (Sloan charts), and color vision (Hardy-Rand-Rittler plates)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623524/could-buerger-s-disease-cause-nonarteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy-a-rare-case-report
#9
Anil Korkmaz, Omer Karti, Dilek Top Karti, Bora Yüksel, Mehmet Ozgur Zengin, Tuncay Kusbeci
We present an interesting case with nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) accompanied by Buerger's disease. A 43-year-old man was referred to our neuro-ophthalmology clinic with a complaint of visual deterioration in the left eye that started 5 days ago. He suffered from Buerger's disease, and he had acute pain in the right lower limb below the knee. His best corrected visual acuity was 10/10 in the right eye and 2/10 in the left eye by Snellen chart. There was a relative afferent pupil defect in the left eye...
April 5, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593640/vestibular-dysfunction-in-wernicke-s-encephalopathy-predominant-impairment-of-the-horizontal-semicircular-canals
#10
Seung-Han Lee, Sang-Hoon Kim, Ji-Min Kim, Alexander Andrea Tarnutzer
Background: Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE), a metabolic disorder due to thiamine deficiency, manifests with various neurological symptoms and signs. It has been known as a cause of vestibular dysfunction. Preliminary reports have proposed predominant involvement of the horizontal semicircular canals (HSCs). Objective: To better characterize the pattern of vestibular impairment in patients with WE using quantitative video head-impulse testing and to review the literature regarding this topic...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590685/skin-ulceration-of-eyelids-in-atopic-dermatitis
#11
Kim David Plattner, Markus Tschopp, Margarita G Todorova
BACKGROUND: Superinfection of atopic dermatitis due to a disturbed skin barrier is well known. Still, affected eyelids with ulceration are rarely described. We present a case series of three patients in different stages of upper eyelid superinfection. HISTORY AND SIGNS: Three males aged 58, 37, and 52 years with clinical symptomatology of gradual expansion of eyelid ulcerations, crusts, and pus were evaluated. In all cases a standard ophthalmologic examination, including a detailed neuro-ophthalmological status, was performed...
March 28, 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588904/endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-complex-macroadenoma-with-suprasellar-and-retrochiasmatic-extension
#12
Edinson Najera, Carl H Snyderman, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda
In this video, we describe the technical nuances of an endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) for a complex macroadenoma with suprasellar and retrochiasmatic extension. The patient is a 51-year-old male with several years' history of progressive visual loss. Neuro-ophthalmology assessment revealed a profound visual loss with homonymous hemianopsia and left optic nerve atrophy. His pituitary hormonal profile was normal. The options for surgical approach included transcranial, endoscopic endonasal, or a combination of both...
April 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572353/remember-the-retina-retinal-disorders-presenting-to-neurologists
#13
REVIEW
Zhaleh Khaleeli, William R Tucker, Lana Del Porto, Jonathan D Virgo, Gordon T Plant
General neurologists and stroke specialists are regularly referred cases of visual disturbance by general practitioners, emergency doctors and even ophthalmologists. Particularly when the referral comes from ophthalmologists, our assessment tends to focus on the optic nerve; however, retinal conditions may mimic optic neuropathy and are easily missed. Their diagnosis requires specific investigations that are rarely available in a neurology clinic. This article focuses on how a general neurologist can identify retinal problems from the clinical assessment and how to proceed with initial investigations...
April 2018: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554003/neuro-ophthalmology-in-turkey
#14
Tulay Kansu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554001/visual-outcomes-and-clinical-manifestations-of-pediatric-optic-neuritis-in-indian-population-an-institutional-study
#15
Selvakumar Ambika, Krishnakumar Padmalakshmi, Viswanathan Venkatraman, Olma V Noronha
BACKGROUND: Optic neuritis in children is an uncommon disorder which usually occurs after a viral illness or vaccination and, less frequently, occurs as a manifestation of a demyelinating disorder. Pediatric optic neuritis usually is bilateral and presents with optic disc edema, recovers rapidly with steroid therapy, and generally has low conversion rate to multiple sclerosis or neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder. We report the clinical features and treatment outcomes of pediatric optic neuritis in Indian population, for which little data are available...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497134/spontaneous-consecutive-esotropia
#16
Nathalie Voide, Matthieu P Robert
PURPOSE: Although less frequent than consecutive exotropia, consecutive esotropia is a well-known type of strabismus when it follows the surgical correction of an exotropia. Spontaneous conversion from initial constant, large-angle exotropia beyond the age of 3 months to esotropia or orthophoria, however, is not common. We describe a series of infants who presented a spontaneous evolution from a large-angle infantile exotropia to either an orthophoria or a spontaneously consecutive esotropia...
March 2, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467811/report-on-the-13th-european-neuro-ophthalmology-society-meeting-by-the-congress-chair
#17
Gabriella Szatmáry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467801/-neuro-ophthalmology-and-eunos-are-reunited
#18
EDITORIAL
Gordon Plant, Walter Jay, Klara Landau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438262/impact-of-the-elimination-of-consultation-codes-on-neuro-ophthalmology-in-the-united-states
#19
Prem S Subramanian, Larry P Frohman, Valérie Biousse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383261/case-report-of-a-patient-with-one-and-a-half-plus-syndrome-nine-syndrome
#20
Muhammad Uthman, Mehreen Kamran
This case talks about 'One-and-a-half plus syndrome', a clinical syndrome affecting binocular vision and facial nerve. One-and-a-half plus syndrome is a less known clinical syndrome which constitutes of a conjugate horizontal gaze palsy in one direction and an internuclear ophthalmoplegia in the other direction. Despite the known association between ischemia, autoimmune disorders, multiple sclerosis, with mono neuritis multiplex resulting in extra ocular movement disorder, one-and-a-half plus syndrome is rarely considered in the differential diagnosis of eye ball movement disorders, as many clinicians are not able to diagnose such a case as ' the eyes don't see what the mind doesn't know'...
January 2018: Oxford Medical Case Reports
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