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Neuro-Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918222/vision-assessments-and-interventions-for-infants-0-2-years-at-high-risk-for-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Olena D Chorna, Andrea Guzzetta, Nathalie L Maitre
We performed a systematic review and evaluated the level of evidence of vision interventions and assessments for infants at high risk for or with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy from 0 to 2 years of age. Articles were evaluated based on the level of methodologic quality, evidence, and clinical utilization. Thirty publications of vision assessments and five of vision interventions met criteria for inclusion. Assessments included standard care neuroimaging, electrophysiology, and neuro-ophthalmologic examination techniques that are utilized clinically with any preverbal or nonverbal pediatric patient...
July 20, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903967/long-term-follow-up-of-benign-positional-vertical-opsoclonus-in-infants-retrospective-cohort
#2
Amir Sternfeld, Daniella Lobel, Hana Leiba, Judith Luckman, Shalom Michowiz, Nitza Goldenberg-Cohen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Benign positional vertical opsoclonus in infants, also described as paroxysmal tonic downgaze, is an unsettling phenomenon that leads to extensive work-up, although benign course has been reported in sporadic cases. We describe long-term follow-up of a series of infants with the phenomenon. METHODS: This retrospective cohort included all infants diagnosed with rapid downgaze eye movement in 2012-2015 and followed until 2016. The databases of two medical centres were retrospectively reviewed...
September 13, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855429/acute-blindness-in-a-dog-with-acinetobacter-associated-postencephalitic-hydrocephalus
#3
Jung-Hyun Kim, Ji-Hee Jeon, Kang-Hyo Park, Hun-Young Yoon, Joon-Young Kim
A 10-month-old male Welsh Corgi with a history of acute blindness underwent neuro-ophthalmological testing and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Vision testing revealed complete visual deficits but the electroretinograph and pupillary light reflex were normal in both eyes. The motor and sensory functions of the eyelids and eyes were also normal. The MRI revealed compression of the optic chiasm caused by severe ventriculomegaly in the lateral and third ventricles. Such lesions are associated with inflammatory stenotic lesions in the mesencephalic aqueduct...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809764/the-43rd-annual-meeting-of-the-north-american-neuro-ophthalmology-society-in-washington-dc
#4
Kathleen B Digre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806343/pediatric-neuro-ophthalmology-coming-of-age
#5
Grant T Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806313/patient-safety-its-history-and-relevance-to-neuro-ophthalmology
#6
Sophia M Chung, Philip L Custer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806312/neuro-ophthalmology-and-stroke
#7
Valérie Biousse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806189/the-use-of-optical-coherence-tomography-in-neuro-ophthalmology
#8
Noel C Y Chan, Carmen K M Chan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the last decade, with the advances of optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology, different imaging protocols and analysis algorithms have been introduced to maximize the potential of this diagnostic tool in the evaluation of different eye diseases. This review aims to provide an update on these additional features, with respect to the management of a diverse range of neuro-ophthalmologic conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: Macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC) analysis has been shown to be superior to peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) analysis in certain settings, such as differentiating Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy from functional visual loss; monitoring neurodegenerative diseases or multiple sclerosis; and predicting visual loss in nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752346/neuro-ophthalmological-findings-in-tafro-syndrome-in-a-patient-from-south-america-a-variant-of-multicentric-castleman-s-disease
#9
Alvaro Ortiz, Pedro Cárdenas, Marcela Peralta, Harold Rodríguez, Gabriel Frederick, Jacobo Ortiz
BACKGROUND: To report the neuro-ophthalmological findings in the TAFRO syndrome in a South American patient. METHODS: This is a case report of a patient with TAFRO syndrome. RESULTS: We present the case of a 66-year-old woman with TAFRO syndrome and multicentric Castleman disease, who developed ophthalmic manifestations, as a rare complication, including optic disk edema and serous retinal detachment, which improved with conventional therapy...
July 27, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706764/neuroradiological-endovascular-intervention-for-diplopia-in-a-case-of-aneurysmal-aberrant-regeneration-of-the-third-nerve
#10
Anupam C A Rao, Saumil A Shah, Benjamin W C Sim, Steven T H Yun, Neeranjali S Jain, Yashar Kalani, Ian C Francis
Aberrant regeneration of the third nerve occurs as a result of synkinetic 'miswiring' of the third nerve following its injury, such as in third cranial nerve palsy due to tumor, trauma, or aneurysm. The case presented is an elderly woman with new vertical diplopia, which led to a diagnosis of a third cranial nerve palsy, thought to be caused by a 5 mm blister aneurysm of the posterior communicating artery. However, neuro-ophthalmological evaluation diagnosed aberrant regeneration of the third nerve, with the cause of her new vertical diplopia being an ipsilateral fourth nerve palsy...
June 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690584/decompression-in-chiari-malformation-clinical-ocular-motor-cerebellar-and-vestibular-outcome
#11
Nicolina Goldschagg, Katharina Feil, Franziska Ihl, Siegbert Krafczyk, Mathias Kunz, Jörg Christian Tonn, Michael Strupp, Aurelia Peraud
BACKGROUND: Treatment of Chiari malformation can include suboccipital decompression with resection of one cerebellar tonsil. Its effects on ocular motor and cerebellar function have not yet been systematically examined. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether decompression, including resection of one cerebellar tonsil, leads to ocular motor, vestibular, or cerebellar deficits. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with Chiari malformation type 1 were systematically examined before and after (1 week and 3 months) suboccipital decompression with unilateral tonsillectomy...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665866/intracranial-aneurysms-of-neuro-ophthalmologic-relevance
#12
Jonathan A Micieli, Nancy J Newman, Daniel L Barrow, Valérie Biousse
BACKGROUND: Intracranial saccular aneurysms are acquired lesions that often present with neuro-ophthalmologic symptoms and signs. Recent advances in neurosurgical techniques, endovascular treatments, and neurocritical care have improved the optimal management of symptomatic unruptured aneurysms, but whether the chosen treatment has an impact on neuro-ophthalmologic outcomes remains debated. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of the literature focused on neuro-ophthalmic manifestations and treatment of intracranial aneurysms with specific relevance to neuro-ophthalmologic outcomes was conducted using Ovid MEDLINE and EMBASE databases...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658829/acute-ischaemic-stroke-as-a-manifestation-of-pituitary-apoplexy-in-a-young-lady
#13
Shaik Afsar Pasha, Laxmi Narasimhan Ranganthan, Vamsi Krishna Setty, Ramakrishna Reddy, Deepika Ananda Ponnuru
Pituitary Apoplexy (PA) is defined as a clinical syndrome comprising headache, visual deficits and altered sensorium, which can result from haemorrhage or infarction of the pituitary gland. Acute ischaemic stroke following PA is very rare. We are presenting a 35-year-old young otherwise healthy lady who presented with neuro ophthalmological and vascular symptoms on a background of PA. Imaging revealed a pituitary macro adenoma with parasellar extension with internal bleed. Cerebral angiography revealed that the mass compressed the bilateral cavernous sinuses (left more than right), resulting in obliteration of the cavernous portion of the left Internal Carotid Artery (ICA)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653396/parinaud-syndrome-any-clinicoradiological-correlation
#14
L Pollak, T Zehavi-Dorin, A Eyal, R Milo, R Huna-Baron
INTRODUCTION: The significance of MRI findings of patients with Parinaud syndrome (PS) with respect to clinical characteristics is poorly defined. Over the past decades, all patients with PS undergo magnetic resonance imaging which allows a better identification of the lesion localization. We compared the neuro-ophthalmological findings of patients with PS caused by intrinsic (intra-axial) vs extrinsic (pineal gland tumor) brainstem lesions. METHODS: Medical records of patients with PS evaluated between 2000 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 26, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623040/-neuro-ophthalmological-conditions-study-of-the-clinical-care-pathway
#15
I Layat, G Challe, P LeHoang, B Bodaghi, V Touitou
INTRODUCTION: Neuro-ophthalmologic conditions require specialized multidisciplinary management, both medical and surgical, for patients affected by visual loss due to nervous system disease. The primary goal of this study is to define the specificity of neuro-ophthalmology within the realm of visual health. The secondary goal is to review clinical care pathways by studying the organization of management, in terms of accessibility to care and personalization of the care pathway. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A field study was carried out from February to June 2015, within the ophthalmology service of the Pitié-Salpêtrière University Medical Center in Paris...
September 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622160/history-of-neuro-ophthalmology-in-argentina
#16
Dolores M Ribero Ayerza, Mariana de Virgiliis, Roberto Ebner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607759/a-composite-measure-to-explore-visual-disability-in-primary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Valentina Poretto, Maria Petracca, Catarina Saiote, Enricomaria Mormina, Jonathan Howard, Aaron Miller, Fred D Lublin, Matilde Inglese
BACKGROUND: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide complementary information on visual system damage in multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this paper is to determine whether a composite OCT/MRI score, reflecting cumulative damage along the entire visual pathway, can predict visual deficits in primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS). METHODS: Twenty-five PPMS patients and 20 age-matched controls underwent neuro-ophthalmologic evaluation, spectral-domain OCT, and 3T brain MRI...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599960/neuro-ophthalmological-conditions-study-of-the-clinical-care-pathway
#18
I Layat, G Challe, P LeHoang, B Bodaghi, V Touitou
INTRODUCTION: Neuro-ophthalmologic conditions require specialized multidisciplinary management, both medical and surgical, for patients affected by visual loss due to nervous system disease. The primary goal of this study is to define the specificity of neuro-ophthalmology within the realm of visual health. The secondary goal is to review clinical care pathways by studying the organization of management, in terms of accessibility to care and personalization of the care pathway. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A field study was carried out from February to June 2015, within the ophthalmology service of the Pitié-Salpêtrière University Medical Center in Paris...
June 6, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554534/ophthalmic-manifestations-of-xeroderma-pigmentosum-a-perspective-from-the-united-kingdom
#19
Rongxuan Lim, Mieran Sethi, Ana M S Morley
PURPOSE: To document the ocular manifestations of xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), presenting via the United Kingdom (UK) XP service, and to analyze the correlations between XP genotype and ophthalmic phenotype. DESIGN: Prospective observational case series. SUBJECTS: Eighty-nine patients seen by the UK Nationally Commissioned XP Service, from April 2010 to December 2014, with a genetically confirmed diagnosis of XP. METHODS: Patients underwent a full ophthalmic examination at each visit...
May 26, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526524/visual-snow-in-a-paediatric-patient
#20
E Santos-Bueso, A M Muñoz-Hernández, N Avalos-Franco, S García-Sáenz, F Sáenz-Francés, J Porta-Etessam
CASE REPORT: The case is presented of an 11 year-old girl referring to a one year history of photophobia and continuously seeing white spots in both eyes. The patient had a visual acuity of unity in both eyes, and a normal eye examination, and was referred to the Neuro-ophthalmology Unit. Once complete laboratory and imaging tests ruled out the possibility of any neurological pathology, she was diagnosed with visual snow (VS). DISCUSSION: VS is an isolated symptom, possibly part of the migraine aura, that is referred by patients reporting numerous and constant white dots moving in the visual field of BE...
May 16, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
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