Read by QxMD icon Read


Herbert B Allen, Saagar Jadeja, Rina M Allawh, Kavita Goyal
Group A Streptococcus has been identified as a possible etiologic agent in psoriasis in epidemiologic, immunologic, immunopathologic, medical, and surgical studies. Tonsillectomy has been shown to provide considerable relief to 75% of patients with plaque psoriasis. Even with the substantial evidence supporting group A Streptococcus as a causative pathogen in psoriasis, it is an elusive pathogen because it is not culturable, nor does it exhibit any positive serologic evidence of its presence. One possible reason for the negative cultures and negative serology findings with group A Streptococcus is the development of biofilms...
March 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Jason E Cohn, Michael Pfeiffer, Gerard Vernose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Louis Dwyer-Hemmings
Histories of twentieth-century surgery have focused on surgical 'firsts' - dramatic tales of revolutionary procedures. The history of tonsillectomy is less glamorous, but more widespread, representing the experience and understanding of medicine for hundreds of children, parents and surgeons daily. At the start of the twentieth century, tonsillectomy was routine - performed on at least 80 000 schoolchildren each year in Britain. However, by the 1980s, public and professional discourse condemned the operation as a 'dangerous fad'...
April 2018: Medical History
Claire M Lawlor, Charles A Riley, John M Carter, Kimsey H Rodriguez
Importance: The 1996 Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Inpatient Guidelines of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Pediatric Otolaryngology Committee recommended that children younger than 3 years be admitted following tonsillectomy. Recommendations for hospital observation were not included as a key action statement in the 2011 AAO-HNS Clinical Practice Guidelines for Tonsillectomy in Children. Objective: To examine the association between posttonsillectomy complication rate and the age and weight of the child at the time of surgery...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Sebastian Wallis, Lorcan O'Toole, Laszlo Karsai, Jose Jemy
Cancer of the unknown primary (CUP) makes up 2-4% of new head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) diagnoses. This scenario is recognised as a diagnostic challenge for head and neck surgeons. For all patients with proven cervical lymph node metastatic SCC without a clinically apparent primary site, the current UK guidelines recommends PET-CT, panendoscopy with directed biopsies and bilateral tonsillectomy as a standard of care. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 15, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
Haruki Katsumata, Izumi Yamamoto, Yo Komatsuzaki, Mayuko Kawabe, Yusuke Okabayashi, Takafumi Yamakawa, Ai Katsuma, Yasuyuki Nakada, Akimitsu Kobayashi, Yudo Tanno, Jun Miki, Hiroki Yamada, Ichiro Ohkido, Nobuo Tsuboi, Hiroyasu Yamamoto, Takashi Yokoo
BACKGROUND: Both prevention and treatment of recurrent immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) in kidney transplant recipients are important since recurrent IgAN seems to affect long-term graft survival. We present here a case of recurrent IgAN that was successfully treated using steroid pulse therapy plus tonsillectomy 10 years after kidney transplantation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old male was admitted for an episode biopsy with a serum creatinine level of 1...
March 14, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Ulla Lantto, Sallamaaria Kettunen, Terhi Tapiainen, Petri Koivunen, Matti Uhari, Marjo Renko
OBJECTIVES: To compare the long-term morbidity of patients with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome treated by tonsillectomy (TE) in childhood to that of matched controls. METHODS: We identified 132 PFAPA patients from the medical records treated by TE in 1987-2007 in Oulu University Hospital, Finland. Altogether 119 patients participated the follow-up study and 94 were clinically examined on average 9.0 years after TE...
February 27, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Muhammed Sedat Sakat, Korhan Kilic, Ayhan Kars, Mustafa Kara, Mustafa Sitki Gozeler
Objective: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures performed at ear, nose, and throat clinics. Chronic recurrent tonsillitis, obstructive tonsillitis, and halitosis are among the most common indications for surgery. Determining whether the infection is chronic and the patient's annual number of infections are important in estimating the necessity for surgery to be performed due to infectious causes. Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a numerical value present in normal complete blood count that provides information about erythrocytes and their dimensions...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Elif Doğan Baki, Şahin Ulu, Ahmet Yüksek, Hüseyin Arıcan, Remziye Sivaci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of listening to music on the consumption of an anesthetic agent as well as postoperative recovery and pain in children undergoing elective tonsillectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients were randomized into those to whom music was played during surgery (Group M) and a control group to whom music was not played (Group C). The depth of anesthesia was provided by entropy levels of 50 ± 5 in both groups...
March 12, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Akifumi Yamada, Shuichiro Fujinaga, Koji Sakuraya, Asanuma Satoshi, Daishi Hirano
BACKGROUND: Although a combination therapy, comprising 2-year high-dose oral prednisolone (PSL), is effective for treating childhood immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN), severe adverse effects and residual proteinuria occur in some patients after the therapy. METHODS: To clarify the efficacy of intravenous pulse methylprednisolone (IVMP; 15-20 mg/kg; maximum 600 mg/day; for 3 consecutive days/week for 3 weeks) followed by short-term reduced-dose PSL (initially 1 mg/kg; maximum 30 mg on alternate days; tapered off within approximately 12 months) and tonsillectomy as an initial treatment, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical courses of 54 consecutive children with IgAN (32 boys; mean age at onset, 12...
March 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Ralph F Wetmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
So Young Kim, Chanyang Min, Woo Hyun Lee, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the risk of retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal abscesses (deep neck infection) after tonsillectomy in Koreans using national cohort data. METHODS: Using the national cohort study from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, participants who had undergone a tonsillectomy (5,299) and control participants (21,196) were selected and matched 1:4 (for age, sex, income, region of residence, and pre-operative upper respiratory infection visits)...
2018: PloS One
Adonye Banigo, Ahmad Moinie, Nigel Bleach, Meera Chand, Vicki Chalker, Theresa Lamagni
OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is a correlation between falling tonsillectomy numbers and increasing numbers of tonsillitis admissions and invasive Group A β-haemolytic streptococcus (iGAS) infection in children aged 14 and under in England. DESIGN: An observational cross-sectional study was performed. SETTING: The data extracted covered the period from 1991 until 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Hospital admissions for tonsillectomies, tonsillitis/pharyngitis, and and all diagnoses of iGAS in children aged 14 and under who had a tonsillectomy...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
Luisa Zupin, Fulvio Celsi, Martina Bresciani, Eva Orzan, Domenico Leonardo Grasso, Sergio Crovella
INTRODUCTION: Innate immunity molecules are known to play a pivotal role in the homeostasis of the oral mucosa, permitting the presence of commensal microflora and, at the same time, providing a first line of defense against pathogens attempting to invade the oral cavity. Tonsils represent the local immune tissue in oral cavity, being able to provide a non-specific response to pathogens; however, in the presence of microbes or foreign materials present in the mouth tonsils could became infected and develop chronic inflammation, thus leading to hypertrophy...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Brian Chang, Jennifer F Ha, David Zopf
Aggressive fibromatosis is an uncommon, benign tumor of fibroblastic origin with high potential for local invasion. Less than a quarter of these lesions are located in the head and neck, and although extremely rare, associations have been demonstrated with physical trauma. We describe a unique case of oropharyngeal fibromatosis with traumaticetiology, managed successfully with surgical excision of the lesion with negative surgical margins. A 5-year old patient was found to have an aggressive fibromatosis causing oropharyngeal stenosis following tonsillectomy...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Romaine F Johnson, Andrew Chang, Ron B Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: 1) Investigate incidence and predictors of readmissions after tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy (T&A) in children. 2) Identify factors that may predict readmission. SETTINGS: Nationwide cross-sectional survey of US hospital admissions. SUBJECTS: and Methods: The 2013 Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD) was used to examine all-cause readmissions within 30 days of T&A in children (age <18 years). Logistic regression was used to analyze the associations of demographics, diagnosis, insurance status, length of index stay, and median household income with readmission...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Maryam Hatami, Mahdieh Mirjalili, Vida Ayatollahi, Sedighe Vaziribozorg, Vahid Zand
INTRODUCTION: The authors investigated the effect of honey on post-tonsillectomy pain and compare its efficacy with tramadol. METHODS: This clinical trial was performed on 60 patients with American Society of Anesthesia I and II aged between 18 and 55 years and underwent tonsillectomy. Induction of anesthesia was carried out using 2 mg/kg propofol and 0.5 atracurium following 1.5 μg/kg fentanyl administration. Group B was given tramadol at dose of 2 mg/kg and with volume of 4 mL and Group A was given normal saline with the same volume 2 mL of medications were injected using needle (25) into tonsil bed and anterior old of each tonsil by an anesthesiologist...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Matthew M Smith, Ed Peterson, Kathleen L Yaremchuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Zheng-Cai Lou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
M S Osborne, Mpa Clark
Introduction The risk of returning to theatre for arrest of haemorrhage following tonsillectomy can be determined from analysis of the Hospital Episode Statistics data provided by the Department of Health website. This method was employed previously for data between 1998-2002 and was repeated in this study to observe any changes over this time period. Materials and methods Hospital Episode Statistics data for England from 2010-2016 were used. The number of tonsillectomies and surgical arrest of post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage were considered for children and adults...
February 27, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"