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Tonsillectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213775/post-tonsillectomy-pain-after-using-bipolar-diathermy-scissors-or-the-harmonic-scalpel-a-randomised-blinded-study
#1
Linn Arbin, Mats Enlund, Johan Knutsson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the postoperative pain following bipolar diathermy scissors tonsillectomy (higher temperature dissection) with harmonic scalpel tonsillectomy (lower temperature dissection). METHODS: Sixty patients aged 7-40 years planned for tonsillectomy with no other concurrent surgery were randomised to either bipolar diathermy scissors or harmonic scalpel as surgical technique. Blinded to the surgical technique, the patients recorded their pain scores (VAS, 0-10) at awakening and the worst pain level of the day in the postoperative period...
February 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208178/lingual-tonsillectomy-for-treatment-of-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-meta-analysis
#2
Kun-Tai Kang, Peter J Koltai, Chia-Hsuan Lee, Ming-Tzer Lin, Wei-Chung Hsu
Importance: Evidence indicates correlations between lingual tonsil hypertrophy and pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, to our knowledge, a meta-analysis of surgical outcomes for lingual tonsillectomy in children with OSA has not been conducted. Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic outcomes of lingual tonsillectomy for treatment of pediatric OSA. Data Sources: The study protocol was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42015027053). PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Reviews databases were searched independently by 2 authors for relevant articles published by September 2016...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199053/the-effect-of-tonsillectomy-on-the-morbidity-from-recurrent-tonsillitis
#3
C M Douglas, K Lang, W M Whitmer, J A Wilson, K Mackenzie
BACKGROUND: Tonsillitis is a common condition with an incidence in UK general practice of 37 per 1000 population a year(1) . Recurrent tonsillitis results in significant morbidity and impacts on individuals' quality of life. This study assesses the morbidity and quality of life of adults with recurrent tonsillitis, and the impact of surgical intervention on their health state. OBJECTIVES: 1.To describe disease specific and global quality of life for adults with recurrent tonsillitis six months after tonsillectomy, using two instruments: the Health Impact of Throat Problems (HITP) and EuroQol-visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS) questionnaire...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198598/coblation-%C3%A2-intracapsular-tonsillectomy-tonsillotomy-in-children-a-prospective-study-of-500-consecutive-cases-with-long-term-follow-up
#4
A W Hoey, N M Foden, S Hadjisymeou Andreou, F Noonan, A K Chowdhury, Greig S R, E L Sproson, D Allin, N Amin, K M Wouters, N E Jonas, D J Tweedie
OBJECTIVES: Intracapsular tonsillectomy (tonsillotomy) has been used internationally, mainly in the management of obstructive sleep apnoea, rather than recurrent tonsillitis, with little published data evaluating its use for this latter indication. We present long-term prospective data from 500 paediatric cases undergoing Coblation(®) intracapsular tonsillectomy, for both obstructive and infective indications. DESIGN: Prospective case series, March 2013-January 2016, all with completed follow up...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196748/up-regulation-of-cx3cr1-on-tonsillar-cd8-positive-cells-in-patients-with-iga-nephropathy
#5
Ryuki Otaka, Miki Takahara, Seigo Ueda, Toshihiro Nagato, Kan Kishibe, Kenichiro Nomura, Akihiro Katada, Tatsuya Hayashi, Yasuaki Harabuchi
Although tonsillectomy are used as therapeutic options to prevent chronic renal failure in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients, the relationship between IgAN and tonsils is not fully proved by basic research. Recently, circulating CX3CR1-positive cells were reportedly involved in promoting hematuria in patients with IgAN. In this study, we focused on the expression of CX3CR1 in tonsillar mononuclear cells in IgAN patients. Immunohistological analysis revealed greater distribution of CX3CR1-positive cells in the inter-follicular area of tonsils in IgAN patients than in non-IgAN patients...
February 11, 2017: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195825/online-tonsillectomy-resources
#6
Lori Wozney, Jill Chorney, Anna Huguet, Jin Soo Song, Emily F Boss, Paul Hong
Objective Parents frequently refer to information on the Internet to confirm or broaden their understanding of surgical procedures and to research postoperative care practices. Our study evaluated the readability, comprehensiveness, and consistency around online recommendations directed at parents of children undergoing tonsillectomy. Study Design A cross-sectional study design was employed. Setting Thirty English-language Internet websites. Subjects and Methods Three validated measures of readability were applied and content analysis was employed to evaluate the comprehensiveness of information in domains of perioperative education...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193298/does-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-change-the-surgical-decision-in-surgically-na%C3%A3-ve-non-syndromic-children-with-snoring-sleep-disordered-breathing-from-the-standard-adenotonsillectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Malak Jamal Gazzaz, André Isaac, Scott Anderson, Noura Alsufyani, Yaser Alrajhi, Hamdy El-Hakim
BACKGROUND: Adenotonsillectomy is the most commonly performed operation for pediatric snoring/sleep disordered breathing (S/SDB). However, 20-40% of patients will fail to improve. Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) may provide a more individualized surgical plan and limit unsuccessful surgeries. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of DISE on surgical decision-making in surgically naïve children with S/SDB. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study was undertaken at the Stollery Children's Hospital...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183163/comparison-of-the-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-tonsil-receiving-postoperative-ipsilateral-versus-bilateral-neck-radiotherapy-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis-krog-11-07
#8
Youngkyong Kim, Kwan Ho Cho, Sung Ho Moon, Chang Geol Lee, Ki Chang Keum, Sang-Wook Lee, Yong Chan Ahn, Dongryul Oh, Yeon-Sil Kim, Yong Kyun Won, Hong-Gyun Wu, J Hun Hah, Young-Taek Oh
Purpose: The impact of postoperative ipsilateral versus bilateral neck radiotherapy on the clinical outcomes of patients with tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma was analyzed retrospectively. Materials and Methods: Between October 2001 and June 2012, 241 patients with T1-2 and N0-N2b tonsillar carcinoma from 16 institutes underwent postoperative ipsilateral neck radiotherapy (INRT; n=84) or bilateral neck radiotherapy (BNRT; n=157) following a tonsillectomy. Seventy patients were identified from each group by propensity score matching and compared in terms of the overall, disease-free, locoregional relapse-free, and distant metastasis-free survival (OS, DFS, LRRFS, and DMFS, respectively) rates calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method with a log-rank test...
February 9, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180002/quality-of-life-after-tonsillectomy-versus-azithromycin
#9
REVIEW
Diaa El Din Mohamed El Hennawi, Mohamed Rifaat Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Recurrent tonsillitis is a common disease with marked evidence of affecting children quality of life (QOL) such as their progression in school and increased burden to extended families. The aim of this study was to compare the QOL outcomes after conventional dissection tonsillectomy versus azithromycin treatment in controlling recurrent tonsillitis. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized clinical trial was carried out in 184 children with recurrent tonsillitis randomly divided into two groups: Group A was subjected to conventional dissection tonsillectomy, whereas Group B received single 250 mg (children ≤25 kg) and 500 mg (children ≥25 kg) of oral azithromycin once weekly...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177939/review-of-the-evidence-on-the-efficacy-of-dexamethasone-on-postoperative-analgesic-consumption
#10
Chrysanthi Batistaki, Evagelia Kaminiotis, Thomas Papadimos, Georgia Kostopanagiotou
OBJECTIVES: The effect of dexamethasone on analgesic consumption has not been adequately studied. The aim of this review was to investigate recent literature regarding the possible effect of dexamethasone on postoperative analgesic consumption. METHODS: Critical review of randomized trials, and prospective consecutive studies, investigating the post-operative analgesic effect of dexamethasone was performed. Only studies published during 2006-2015 were included. RESULTS: Forty-one studies met the inclusion criteria; 33 in adults and 8 in children (9 in general surgery, 8 in gynecological/breast surgery, 8 in orthopedic/spinal surgery, 8 in head/neck surgery, 7 in children's tonsillectomy, and 1 in children's orchiopexy)...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168946/training-for-emergencies-endoscopic-ear-surgery-and-post-tonsillectomy-complications-beware-scary-otolaryngology
#11
EDITORIAL
Edward Fisher, Robin Youngs, Musheer Hussain, Jonathan Fishman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167009/variation-in-tonsillectomy-rates-by-health-care-system-type
#12
Matthew G Crowson, Marisa A Ryan, Daniel J Rocke, Eileen M Raynor, Liana Puscas
OBJECTIVE: To analyze variation in tonsillectomy procedure rates between health care system types around the world. STUDY DESIGN: International database analysis. METHODS: The 2015 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Health Statistics surgical procedures database was used to ascertain tonsillectomy procedure volumes for 31 countries. Each country's health system type and structure were classified by overall system type, and by health care regulation, financing, and provision methods...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167005/acute-care-revisits-after-adenotonsillectomy-in-a-pediatric-medicaid-population-in-ohio
#13
Dmitry Tumin, Hina Walia, Vidya T Raman, Joseph D Tobias
INTRODUCTION: Guidelines for inpatient admission after pediatric tonsillectomy have been proposed to improve the safety of this procedure. This study examined the association between performing adenotonsillectomy in an inpatient setting and acute care revisits within 30 days among children enrolled in a Medicaid Accountable Care Organization in Ohio. METHODS: The Accountable Care Organization's claims database was queried for adenotonsillectomies performed in children ages 0-18 years in 2008-2014...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164777/is-celecoxib-a-useful-adjunct-in-the-treatment-of-post-tonsillectomy-pain-in-the-adult-population-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
T-T Ng, D Diamantaras, J Priestley, J Redman, N De Silva, V Mahanta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of celecoxib for pain management in post-tonsillectomy adult patients. DESIGN: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 clinical trial was conducted in an adult population (aged 18-55 years), with a parallel group design using an allocation ratio of 1:1. METHODS: Eighty patients underwent elective tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy, operated on by one surgeon. They were discharged home with randomly assigned celecoxib or placebo, together with regular post-tonsillectomy medications (paracetamol and Endone)...
January 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162707/-460-acute-post-tonsillectomy-pain-management-in-obese-and-overweight-children
#15
S Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150339/retrospective-analysis-of-the-clinical-response-of-palmoplantar-pustulosis-after-dental-infection-control-and-dental-metal-removal
#16
Michiyoshi Kouno, Akihiro Nishiyama, Masaki Minabe, Naohiko Iguchi, Kenichiro Ukichi, Takeshi Nomura, Akira Katakura, Shinichi Takahashi
Both metal allergy and dental focal infection have been considered as causative factors for palmoplantar pustulosis, and several case reports described that the skin lesions were ameliorated after dental metal removal or dental infection control. However, limited data are available to evaluate the association of these factors with disease severity of palmoplantar pustulosis. This study is designed to analyze the clinical outcome of 85 palmoplantar pustulosis patients after dental infection control (n = 70), tonsillectomy (n = 6) and dental metal removal (n = 9)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125184/audit-of-gp-referrals-for-tonsillectomy-to-the-ent-clinic-using-present-hiqa-guidelines
#17
W Hasan, I O'Riordan, J Kinsella, D McShane
Recurrent sore throat for possible tonsillectomy is the commonest clinical entity referred to the ENT outpatient department. The numbers involved represent a large clinical burden on the service. Not all of these patients require surgical intervention. Patients who fit the criteria for tonsillectomy are faced with two stage obstacles; the long waiting time until assessed by the Otolaryngologist at OPD and the time spent on long operative waiting lists. The aim of this study was to analyze the percentage of referred patients with sore throats requiring tonsillectomy versus those not needing surgery, using the present HIQA guidelines for this operation...
June 12, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120104/adjuncts-to-local-anaesthetics-in-tonsillectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
R Vlok, T M Melhuish, C Chong, T Ryan, Leigh D White
The infiltration of local anaesthetic agents has been shown to reduce post-tonsillectomy pain. A number of recent studies have shown that the addition of agents such as clonidine and dexamethasone improve the efficacy of nerve blocks and spinal anaesthesia. The aim of this review was to determine whether additives to local anaesthetic agents improve post-tonsillectomy outcomes. Four major databases were systematically searched for all relevant studies published up to August 2016. All study designs with a control group receiving local anaesthetic infiltration and an intervention receiving the same infiltration with an added agent were included in this review...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117117/rethinking-surgical-technique-and-priorities-for-pediatric-tonsillectomy
#19
REVIEW
Benjamin J Rubinstein, Craig S Derkay
The past 100years have witnessed dramatic shifts in the concept of ideal surgical goals and operative technique in tonsil surgery. Surgeons are reviving a technique of intracapsular tonsillectomy with increasing precision thanks to modern technology. With intracapsular tonsillectomy, pediatric patients recover faster, use less pain medication, and have a lower risk of dehydration and hemorrhage. Various considerations will dictate the adoption of this technology in the coming years. This current review explores concepts and controversies surrounding tonsillectomy with a focus on quality improvement...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109483/otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-in-a-low-income-country-the-haitian-experience
#20
Maxwell P Kligerman, Anahuma Alexandre, Patrick Jean-Gilles, David Walmer, Mack L Cheney, Anna H Messner
OBJECTIVE: Little is known regarding the diagnosis and management of pediatric surgical conditions of the head and neck in low-income countries. Haiti, the western hemisphere's poorest country, recently developed its first Otorhinolaryngology (ORL) department at the Hopital de L'Universite d'Etat d'Haiti (HUEH). This manuscript assesses the caseload at HUEH with a special emphasis on pediatric cases, with the aim of characterizing ORL related conditions and their treatments in low-income countries...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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