keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

tauopathy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750496/tau-imaging-with-pet-an-overview-of-challenges-current-progress-and-future-applications
#1
Joanne S Robertson, Christopher C Rowe, Victor L Villemagne
Folded and misfolded tau is common to many neurodegenerative conditions, collectively termed 'tauopathies'. In recent years, many efforts have contributed toward development of tau imaging agents to allow measurement of tau deposits in vivo using Positron Emission Tomography (PET). The particularities of tau present some unique challenges for the development of tau imaging tracers. Most notably, these pertain to the predominantly intracellular nature of tau aggregations, the existence of six isoforms, multiple post-translational modification, and that tau is usually surrounded by larger concentrations of A plaques...
July 27, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736850/progressive-ataxia-and-palatal-tremor-two-autopsy-cases-of-a-novel-tauopathy
#2
Andrew F Gao, Achinoam Faust-Socher, Maryam Al-Murshed, Marc R Del Bigio, Anthony E Lang, David G Munoz
BACKGROUND: Sporadic progressive ataxia and palatal tremor is a rare syndrome characterized by mid- to late-adult-onset symptomatic palatal tremor and slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia. To date, there has been only one autopsy report, which described a novel 4-repeat tauopathy with hypertrophic olivary degeneration and tau-positive inclusions in olivary neurons and dystrophic neuritic processes termed glomeruloid bodies. We report on 2 additional autopsy cases. METHODS: Sections from selected paraffin-embedded brain regions were stained with hematoxylin and eosin/Luxol fast blue and processed for phosphorylated tau, 3-repeat tau, 4-repeat tau, neurofilament, glial fibrillary acid protein, phosphorylated α-synuclein, phosphorylated TAR DNA-binding protein 43, beta-amyloid, and p62 immunohistochemistry...
July 24, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721361/role-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-learning-and-memory-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease-like-neuropathology-in-the-ps19-and-app-swe-mouse-models-of-tauopathy-and-amyloidosis
#3
Denise Isabelle Briggs, Erwin Defensor, Pooneh Memar Ardestani, Bitna Yi, Michelle Halpain, Guy Seabrook, Mehrdad Shamloo
Emerging evidence suggests that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress may be involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, pharmacological modulation of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor-2 (eIF2α) pathway was achieved using an integrated stress response inhibitor (ISRIB). While members of this signaling cascade have been suggested as potential therapeutic targets for neurodegeneration, the biological significance of this pathway has not been comprehensively assessed in animal models of AD...
July 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719018/ante-mortem-csf-tau-levels-correlate-with-post-mortem-tau-pathology-in-ftld
#4
D J Irwin, A Lleó, S X Xie, C T McMillan, D Wolk, E B Lee, V M Van Deerlin, L M Shaw, J Q Trojanowski, M Grossman
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that 1) antemortem cerebrospinal fluid tau levels correlate with postmortem tau pathology in frontotemporal lobar degeneration and 2) tauopathy patients have higher phosphorylated-tau levels compared to TDP-43 proteinopathy patients while accounting for Alzheimer's disease co-pathology. METHODS: Patients had autopsy-confirmed frontotemporal lobar degeneration with tauopathy (n=31), TDP-43 proteinopathy (n=49), or Alzheimer's disease (n=26) with antemortem cerebrospinal fluid...
July 18, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713242/the-distance-between-n-and-c-termini-of-tau-and-of-ftdp-17-mutants-is-modulated-by-microtubule-interactions-in-living-cells
#5
Cristina Di Primio, Valentina Quercioli, Giacomo Siano, Matteo Rovere, Branislav Kovacech, Michal Novak, Antonino Cattaneo
The microtubule (MT)-associated protein Tau is a natively unfolded protein, involved in a number of neurodegenerative disorders, collectively called tauopathies, aggregating in neurofibrillary tangles (NFT). It is an open question how the conversion from a MT bound molecule to an aggregation-prone Tau species occurs and, also, if and how tauopathy-related mutations affect its behavior in the cell. To address these points, we exploited a genetically encoded FRET sensor based on the full length Tau protein, to monitor in real time Tau conformational changes in different conditions in live cells...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704727/nrf2-deficiency-replicates-transcriptomic-changes-in-alzheimer-s-patients-and-worsens-app-and-tau-pathology
#6
Ana I Rojo, Marta Pajares, Patricia Rada, Angel Nuñez, Alejo J Nevado-Holgado, Richard Killik, Fred Van Leuven, Elena Ribe, Simon Lovestone, Masayuki Yamamoto, Antonio Cuadrado
Failure to translate successful neuroprotective preclinical data to a clinical setting in Alzheimer's disease (AD) indicates that amyloidopathy and tauopathy alone provide an incomplete view of disease. We have tested here the relevance of additional homeostatic deviations that result from loss of activity of transcription factor NRF2, a crucial regulator of multiple stress responses whose activity declines with ageing. A transcriptomic analysis demonstrated that NRF2-KO mouse brains reproduce 7 and 10 of the most dysregulated pathways of human ageing and AD brains, respectively...
July 5, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701064/rosmarinic-acid-prevents-fibrillization-and-diminishes-vibrational-modes-associated-to-%C3%AE-sheet-in-tau-protein-linked-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Alberto Cornejo, Felipe Aguilar Sandoval, Leonardo Caballero, Luis Machuca, Patricio Muñoz, Julio Caballero, George Perry, Alejandro Ardiles, Carlos Areche, Francisco Melo
Alzheimer's disease is a common tauopathy where fibril formation and aggregates are the hallmark of the disease. Efforts targeting amyloid-β plaques have succeeded to remove plaques but failed in clinical trials to improve cognition; thus, the current therapeutic strategy is at preventing tau aggregation. Here, we demonstrated that four phenolic diterpenoids and rosmarinic acid inhibit fibrillization. Since, rosmarinic acid was the most active compound, we observe morphological changes in atomic force microscopy images after treatment...
December 2017: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696431/synaptic-activity-protects-against-ad-and-ftd-like-pathology-via-autophagic-lysosomal-degradation
#8
Y Akwa, E Gondard, A Mann, E Capetillo-Zarate, E Alberdi, C Matute, S Marty, T Vaccari, A M Lozano, E E Baulieu, D Tampellini
Changes in synaptic excitability and reduced brain metabolism are among the earliest detectable alterations associated with the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Stimulation of synaptic activity has been shown to be protective in models of AD beta-amyloidosis. Remarkably, deep brain stimulation (DBS) provides beneficial effects in AD patients, and represents an important therapeutic approach against AD and other forms of dementia. While several studies have explored the effect of synaptic activation on beta-amyloid, little is known about Tau protein...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691164/pick-s-disease-with-neuronal-four-repeat-tau-accumulation-in-the-basal-ganglia-brain-stem-nuclei-and-cerebellum
#9
Chikako Ikeda, Osamu Yokota, Tomoko Miki, Shintaro Takenoshita, Hideki Ishizu, Yoko Mori, Kiyohiro Yamazaki, Yuki Ozaki, Shu-Ichi Ueno, Takeshi Ishihara, Masato Hasegawa, Seishi Terada, Norihito Yamada
It is very rare that cases of Pick's disease, a representative three-repeat (3R) tauopathy, also have significant four-repeat (4R) tau accumulation. Here, we report a Pick's disease case that clinically showed behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia without motor disturbance during the course, and pathologically had 3R tau-positive Pick bodies as well as numerous 4R tau-positive neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions (NCIs). Abundant 3R tau-positive 4R tau-negative spherical or horseshoe-shaped Pick bodies were found in the frontotemporal cortex, limbic region, striatum and pontine nucleus...
July 9, 2017: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690500/dysregulation-of-microtubule-stability-impairs-morphofunctional-connectivity-in-primary-neuronal-networks
#10
Peter Verstraelen, Jan R Detrez, Marlies Verschuuren, Jacobine Kuijlaars, Rony Nuydens, Jean-Pierre Timmermans, Winnok H De Vos
Functionally related neurons assemble into connected networks that process and transmit electrochemical information. To do this in a coordinated manner, the number and strength of synaptic connections is tightly regulated. Synapse function relies on the microtubule (MT) cytoskeleton, the dynamics of which are in turn controlled by a plethora of MT-associated proteins, including the MT-stabilizing protein Tau. Although mutations in the Tau-encoding MAPT gene underlie a set of neurodegenerative disorders, termed tauopathies, the exact contribution of MT dynamics and the perturbation thereof to neuronal network connectivity has not yet been scrutinized...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685158/imaging-tau-pathology-in-parkinsonisms
#11
REVIEW
Sarah Coakeley, Antonio P Strafella
The recent development of positron emission tomography radiotracers targeting pathological tau in vivo has led to numerous human trials. While investigations have primarily focused on the most common tauopathy, Alzheimer's disease, it is imperative that testing also be performed in parkinsonian tauopathies, such as progressive supranuclear palsy, corticobasal degeneration, and frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17. Tau aggregates differ in isoforms and conformations across disorders, and as a result one radiotracer may not be appropriate for all tauopathies...
2017: NPJ Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678786/bidirectional-interplay-of-hsf1-degradation-and-upr-activation-promotes-tau-hyperphosphorylation
#12
Eunhee Kim, Kazuko Sakata, Francesca-Fang Liao
The unfolded protein response (UPR) in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the cytoplasmic heat stress response are two major stress response systems necessary for maintaining proteostasis for cellular health. Failure of either of these systems, such as in sustained UPR activation or in insufficient heat shock response activation, can lead to the development of neurodegeneration. Alleviation of ER stress and enhancement of heat shock response through heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) activation have previously been considered as attractive potential therapeutic targets for Alzheimer's disease (AD)-a prevalent and devastating tauopathy...
July 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663518/amyloid-precursor-protein-and-endosomal-lysosomal-dysfunction-in-alzheimer-s-disease-inseparable-partners-in-a-multifactorial-disease
#13
REVIEW
Ralph A Nixon
Abnormalities of the endosomal-lysosomal network (ELN) are a signature feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). These include the earliest known cytopathology that is specific to AD and that affects endosomes and induces the progressive failure of lysosomes, each of which are directly linked by distinct mechanisms to neurodegeneration. The origins of ELN dysfunction and β-amyloidogenesis closely overlap, which reflects their common genetic basis, the established early involvement of endosomes and lysosomes in amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing and clearance, and the pathologic effect of certain APP metabolites on ELN functions...
July 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662669/glial-contributions-to-neurodegeneration-in-tauopathies
#14
REVIEW
Cheryl E G Leyns, David M Holtzman
Tauopathies are a broad set of neurodegenerative dementias characterized by aggregation of the tau protein into filamentous inclusions that can be found in neurons and glial cells. Activated microglia, astrocytes and elevated levels of proinflammatory molecules are also pathological hallmarks that are found in brain regions affected by tau pathology. There has been abundant research in recent years to understand the role of gliosis and neuroinflammation in neurodegenerative diseases, particularly in Alzheimer's disease (AD) which is the most common form of dementia...
June 29, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655349/oligomeric-tau-targeted-immunotherapy-in-tg4510-mice
#15
Sulana Schroeder, Aurelie Joly-Amado, Ahlam Soliman, Urmi Sengupta, Rakiz Kayed, Marcia N Gordon, David Morgan
BACKGROUND: Finding ways to reverse or prevent the consequences of pathogenic tau in the brain is of considerable importance for treatment of Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies. Immunotherapy against tau has shown promise in several mouse models. In particular, an antibody with selectivity for oligomeric forms of tau, tau oligomer monoclonal antibody (TOMA), has shown rescue of the behavioral phenotype in several murine models of tau deposition. METHODS: In this study, we examined the capacity of TOMA to rescue the behavioral, histological, and neurochemical consequences of tau deposition in the aggressive Tg4510 model...
June 27, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654636/human-cyclophilin-40-unravels-neurotoxic-amyloids
#16
Jeremy D Baker, Lindsey B Shelton, Dali Zheng, Filippo Favretto, Bryce A Nordhues, April Darling, Leia E Sullivan, Zheying Sun, Parth K Solanki, Mackenzie D Martin, Amirthaa Suntharalingam, Jonathan J Sabbagh, Stefan Becker, Eckhard Mandelkow, Vladimir N Uversky, Markus Zweckstetter, Chad A Dickey, John Koren, Laura J Blair
The accumulation of amyloidogenic proteins is a pathological hallmark of neurodegenerative disorders. The aberrant accumulation of the microtubule associating protein tau (MAPT, tau) into toxic oligomers and amyloid deposits is a primary pathology in tauopathies, the most common of which is Alzheimer's disease (AD). Intrinsically disordered proteins, like tau, are enriched with proline residues that regulate both secondary structure and aggregation propensity. The orientation of proline residues is regulated by cis/trans peptidyl-prolyl isomerases (PPIases)...
June 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649128/lx2343-alleviates-cognitive-impairments-in-ad-model-rats-by-inhibiting-oxidative-stress-induced-neuronal-apoptosis-and-tauopathy
#17
Xiao-Dan Guo, Guang-Long Sun, Ting-Ting Zhou, Yi-Yang Wang, Xin Xu, Xiao-Fan Shi, Zhi-Yuan Zhu, Vatcharin Rukachaisirikul, Li-Hong Hu, Xu Shen
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease leading to the irreversible loss of brain neurons and cognitive abilities, and the vicious interplay between oxidative stress (OS) and tauopathy is believed to be one of the major players in AD development. Here, we demonstrated the capability of the small molecule N-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-[5-chloro-2-methoxy(phenylsulfonyl)anilino]acetamide (LX2343) to ameliorate the cognitive dysfunction of AD model rats by inhibiting OS-induced neuronal apoptosis and tauopathy...
June 26, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649025/a%C3%AE-plaque-selective-nir-fluorescence-probe-to-differentiate-alzheimer-s-disease-from-tauopathies
#18
K Rajasekhar, Nagarjun Narayanaswamy, N Arul Murugan, Keith Viccaro, Hyoung-Gon Lee, Kavita Shah, Thimmaiah Govindaraju
Selective detection and staining of toxic amyloid plaques, a potential biomarker present in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain is crucial for both clinical diagnosis and monitoring AD disease progression. Herein, we report a coumarin-quinoline (CQ) conjugate-based turn-on near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence probe for specific detection of β-amyloid (Aβ) aggregates. CQ probe is highly sensitive and exhibits ~100-fold fluorescence enhancement in vitro upon binding Aβ aggregates with enhanced quantum yield. Furthermore, the probe has ~10-fold higher binding affinity towards Aβ aggregates (86nM) compared to commonly used Thioflavin T...
June 17, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646348/tau-induced-ca-2-calmodulin-dependent-protein-kinase-iv-activation-aggravates-nuclear-tau-hyperphosphorylation
#19
Yu-Ping Wei, Jin-Wang Ye, Xiong Wang, Li-Ping Zhu, Qing-Hua Hu, Qun Wang, Dan Ke, Qing Tian, Jian-Zhi Wang
Hyperphosphorylated tau is the major protein component of neurofibrillary tangles in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the mechanism underlying tau hyperphosphorylation is not fully understood. Here, we demonstrated that exogenously expressed wild-type human tau40 was detectable in the phosphorylated form at multiple AD-associated sites in cytoplasmic and nuclear fractions from HEK293 cells. Among these sites, tau phosphorylated at Thr205 and Ser214 was almost exclusively found in the nuclear fraction at the conditions used in the present study...
June 23, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620833/assessment-of-serum-uric-acid-as-risk-factor-for-tauopathies
#20
Tommaso Schirinzi, Giulia Di Lazzaro, Vito Luigi Colona, Paola Imbriani, Mohammad Alwardat, Giulia Maria Sancesario, Alessandro Martorana, Antonio Pisani
Low levels of serum uric acid (UA) are a risk factor for many neurodegenerative diseases but the role of UA in tauopathies has not been yet fully evaluated. In this study, we assessed the risk associated with serum UA levels in a large group of patients with tauopathies, either primary or secondary. The mean serum UA concentrations of 111 patients with tauopathies (TAU), including 41 with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), 45 with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 25 with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) were compared to that of 130 controls (CTL)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
keyword
keyword
39702
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"