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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937973/oral-and-dental-health-issues-in-people-with-mental-disorders
#1
Julio Torales, Iván Barrios, Israel González
Patients with mental disorders are subject to a greater number of risk factors for oral and dental disease than the general population. This is mostly caused by the side effects of the medications that they receive, lack of self-care, difficulty to access health services, a negative attitude towards healthcare providers, and patients’ lack of cooperation in dental treatments. The most common psychiatric disorders in our population are depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and dementia...
September 21, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937341/pesticides
#2
Laura Y Cabrera
There is growing evidence about the influence of chemical exposures on specific molecular systems and mechanisms involved in cognitive and mental function. Evidence is also emerging about the negative impact of these chemical exposures on mental health, including depression, suicide, and other risks. Despite the growing appreciation of these factors, however, little attention has been paid to the ethical and social implications of their interactions. Drawing on recent work that argues for an environmental neuroethics approach that explicitly brings together ethics, environment, and conditions of the central nervous system, this article focuses on these critical issues for pesticides specifically...
October 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936927/-you-ve-gotta-be-that-tough-crust-exterior-man-depression-and-suicide-in-rural-based-men
#3
Genevieve Creighton, John Oliffe, John Ogrodniczuk, Blye Frank
Suicide rates in Canada are highest among rural men. Drawing on photovoice interviews with 13 women and two men living in a small rural Canadian town who lost a man to suicide, we inductively derived three themes to describe how contextual factors influence rural men's experiences of depression and responses to suicidal thoughts: (a) hiding depression and its cause, (b) manly self-medicating, and (c) mobilizing prevention. Further discussed is how gender relations and ideals of masculinity within rural milieu can inhibit men's acknowledgment of and help seeking for mental illness issues...
October 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936233/general-practitioners-experiences-and-perceptions-of-mild-moderate-depression-management-and-factors-influencing-effective-service-delivery-in-rural-australian-communities-a-qualitative-study
#4
Tamishka De Silva, Anjali Prakash, Sandhya Yarlagadda, Marjia Daniella Johns, Kate Sandy, Vibeke Hansen, Sue Phelan, Sabrina Pit
BACKGROUND: Rural communities in Australia face significant disadvantages relating to geographical isolation and limited access to mental health services. Documenting general practitioners' (GP) experiences and perception of mental health services in rural Australia may be useful to gain insight into rural GP management of mild to moderate depression. AIMS: To explore GPs' experience and views on which factors influence access to mental health services for mild to moderate depression...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936192/the-intricate-relationship-between-psychotic-like-experiences-and-associated-subclinical-symptoms-in-healthy-individuals
#5
Lui Unterrassner, Thomas A Wyss, Diana Wotruba, Helene Haker, Wulf Rössler
The interplay between subclinical psychotic, negative, and affective symptoms has gained increased attention regarding the etiology of psychosis spectrum and other mental disorders. Importantly, research has tended to not differentiate between different subtypes of psychotic-like experiences (PLE) although they may not have the same significance for mental health. In order to gain information on the subclinical interplay between specific PLE and other symptoms as well as the significance of PLE for mental health, we investigated their specific associations in 206 healthy individuals (20-60 years, 73 females) using correlational and linear regression analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936160/the-energy-metabolism-dysfunction-in-psychiatric-disorders-postmortem-brains-focus-on-proteomic-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Giuliana S Zuccoli, Verônica M Saia-Cereda, Juliana M Nascimento, Daniel Martins-de-Souza
Psychiatric disorders represent a great medical and social challenge and people suffering from these conditions face many impairments regarding personal and professional life. In addition, a mental disorder will manifest itself in approximately one quarter of the world's population at some period of their life. Dysfunction in energy metabolism is one of the most consistent scientific findings associated with these disorders. With this is mind, this review compiled data on disturbances in energy metabolism found by proteomic analyses of postmortem brains collected from patients affected by the most prevalent psychiatric disorders: schizophrenia (SCZ), bipolar disorder (BPD), and major depressive disorder (MDD)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935385/digital-self-harm-among-adolescents
#7
Justin W Patchin, Sameer Hinduja
PURPOSE: Despite increased media and scholarly attention to digital forms of aggression directed toward adolescents by their peers (e.g., cyberbullying), very little research has explored digital aggression directed toward oneself. "Digital self-harm" is the anonymous online posting, sending, or otherwise sharing of hurtful content about oneself. The current study examined the extent of digital self-harm among adolescents. METHODS: Survey data were obtained in 2016 from a nationally representative sample of 5,593 American middle and high school students (12-17 years old)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935211/sustained-molecular-pathology-across-episodes-and-remission-in-major-depressive-disorder
#8
Enzo Scifo, Mohan Pabba, Fenika Kapadia, Tianzhou Ma, David A Lewis, George C Tseng, Etienne Sibille
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a debilitating mental illness and a major cause of lost productivity worldwide. MDD patients often suffer from life-long recurring episodes of increasing severity, reduced therapeutic response, and shorter remission periods, suggesting the presence of a persistent and potentially progressive pathology. METHODS: Subgenual anterior cingulate cortex postmortem samples from four MDD cohorts (single episode, n = 20; single episode in remission, n = 15; recurrent episode, n = 20; and recurrent episode in remission, n = 15), and one control cohort (n = 20) were analyzed by mass spectrometry-based proteomics (n = 3630 proteins) combined with statistical analyses...
August 18, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934906/autonomic-symptoms-in-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
Jibril Mohammed, Eric Derom, Inge De Wandele, Lies Rambaut, Patrick Calders
OBJECTIVES: A synoptic description of the autonomic symptoms profile (ASP) of patients with COPD is not available. Therefore, we aimed to provide an overview of autonomic symptoms and its associates in COPD. METHODS: We evaluated 89 subjects with COPD (65 ± 7.3 years; 66 males; GOLD II-IV) with an equal number of age- and sex-matched control subjects by means of the composite autonomic symptom score (COMPASS 31) questionnaire, which assesses autonomic symptoms across six domains (orthostatic intolerance, vasomotor, secretomotor, gastrointestinal, urinary and pupillomotor)...
September 22, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934319/an-examination-of-objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-and-mental-well-being-in-adults-across-week-days-and-weekends
#10
Ann-Marie Gibson, David J Muggeridge, Adrienne R Hughes, Louise Kelly, Alison Kirk
BACKGROUND: Limited research has explored the links between sedentary behaviour, mental health and quality of life. This study examines objectively measured sedentary behaviour and perceived mental health and quality of life across week days and weekends. METHODS: 42 adults (19M, 23F; mean age 38yrs (range 18-67) & BMI 24.8kg/m2 (range 18.7-33.8) wore an activPAL monitor 24h/day for one week and completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and SF12 Health Survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933888/identifying-stable-variants-of-callous-unemotional-traits-a-longitudinal-study-of-at-risk-girls
#11
Natalie Goulter, Eva R Kimonis, Samuel W Hawes, Stephanie Stepp, Alison E Hipwell
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have proven important for designating children and adolescents showing a pattern of particularly severe, stable, and aggressive antisocial behaviors (Frick, Ray, Thornton, & Kahn, 2014). Individuals with secondary CU traits represent a subpopulation that are distinguished from those with primary CU traits by their high anxiety levels and marked histories of social/environmental adversity; however, evidence is largely based on cross-sectional male samples and this study is the first to examine stable trajectories of CU variants among an all-girl population...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933614/coping-strategies-and-adjustment-to-multiple-sclerosis-among-recently-diagnosed-patients-the-mediating-role-of-sense-of-coherence
#12
Emanuela Calandri, Federica Graziano, Martina Borghi, Silvia Bonino
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between coping strategies (problem solving, emotional release, and avoidance) and adjustment (health-related quality of life, depression, and affective well-being) in a group of recently diagnosed multiple sclerosis patients (up to three years since diagnosis), and to explore the mediating role of sense of coherence between coping strategies and adjustment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Multiple Sclerosis Clinic Centre...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932652/psychosocial-treatment-options-for-major-depressive-disorder-in-older-adults
#13
Brenna N Renn, Patricia A Areán
Late-life depression (LLD) is a public health concern with deleterious effects on overall health, cognition, quality of life, and mortality. Although LLD is relatively common, it is not a normal part of aging and is often under-recognized in older adults. However, psychotherapy is an effective treatment for LLD that aligns with many patients' preferences and can improve health and functioning. This review synthesized the current literature on evidence-based psychotherapies for the treatment of depression in older adults...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931387/psychological-distress-among-medical-students-in-conflicts-a-cross-sectional-study-from-syria
#14
Tareq Al Saadi, Sarah Zaher Addeen, Tarek Turk, Fatima Abbas, Mahmoud Alkhatib
BACKGROUND: Medical education can be a time of great psychological distress for students. The ongoing Syrian conflict represents an additional factor potentially contributing to poor mental health among medical students. Studies revealed high levels of psychological distress among Syrians. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of depression, anxiety and stress among medical students at Damascus University during this period of war. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) in addition to questions about demographic and financial characteristics, and questions about the effects of the ongoing war on the participants' lives...
September 20, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931102/-areas-and-challenges-of-oncopsychological-rehabilitation
#15
Péter Kovács, Zsuzsa Koncz, Julianna Peti, Anna Gõdény, Dóra Horváth, Csilla Gerlinger, Katalin Lacsán, Petra Molnár, Ágnes Riskó
Patients with cancer present a number of different difficulties that adversely affect their health care and recovery (e.g. poor communication with physicians, lack of knowledge about their illness and its management, financial problems). Furthermore, mental health problems, such as distress, depression and anxiety, are common amongst patients with cancer. These mental health problems are additional contributors to functional impairment in carrying out family, work, and other social roles, poor adherence to medical treatments, and adverse medical outcomes...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930889/the-burden-of-mental-illness-among-veterans-use-of-vha-health-care-services-by-those-with-service-connected-conditions
#16
Charles Maynard, Adam Batten, Chuan-Fen Liu, Karin Nelson, Stephan D Fihn
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how Veterans with service-connected conditions use health care provided by the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). OBJECTIVES: To ascertain what proportion of Veterans with service-connected conditions used VHA health care and whether it varied according to type of condition, combined disability rating, age, sex, military rank, or other characteristics and whether there were differences in receipt of inpatient and outpatient care...
September 19, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929944/increasing-body-image-flexibility-in-a-residential-eating-disorder-facility-correlates-with-symptom-improvement
#17
Eric B Lee, Clarissa W Ong, Michael P Twohig, Tera Lensegrav-Benson, Benita Quakenbush-Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of changes in body image psychological flexibility over the course of treatment on various outcome variables. METHOD: Participants included 103 female, residential patients diagnosed with an eating disorder. Pretreatment and posttreatment data were collected that examined body image psychological flexibility, general psychological flexibility, symptom severity, and other outcome variables. RESULTS: Changes in body image psychological flexibility significantly predicted changes in all outcome measures except for obsessive-compulsive symptoms after controlling for body mass index, depression, and anxiety...
September 20, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929782/precious-memories-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-an-autobiographical-memory-intervention-delivered-by-trained-volunteers-in-residential-care-homes
#18
Gerben J Westerhof, Jojanneke Korte, Sander Eshuis, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses the effects of an autobiographical memory intervention on the prevention and reduction of depressive symptoms in older persons in residential care. Trained volunteers delivered the intervention. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out with depressive symptoms as the primary outcome. The experimental condition received the intervention Precious Memories one-on-one, whereas the control condition had individual unstructured contacts with a volunteer...
September 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929323/what-type-and-dose-of-antidepressants-are-cancer-and-non-cancer-inpatients-being-prescribed-a-retrospective-case-control-study-at-an-australian-tertiary-hospital
#19
Saira Sanjida, Kelly Mulvogue, Joanne Shaw, Jeremy Couper, David Kissane, Sallie-Anne Pearson, Melanie A Price, Monika Janda
PURPOSE: Cancer patients are often prescribed antidepressants, but little data is available about whether the type and dose are similar to prescriptions to patients with other chronic diseases. This study compared the prescription practices of antidepressants to cancer and non-cancer inpatients at a major Australian tertiary hospital and assessed side effects and potential drug-drug interactions. METHODS: Inpatients diagnosed with cancer within the past 12 months and prescribed antidepressants were age and gender matched to inpatients with other chronic disease conditions...
September 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929228/mental-health-among-norwegian-priests-associations-with-effort-reward-imbalance-and-overcommitment
#20
Bjørn Lau
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms among Norwegian priests and to examine their associations with effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and overcommitment. METHODS: Eight hundred four priests in the Norwegian Church completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire (ERI-Q), and the Intrinsic Effort Scale, measuring overcommitment. RESULTS: A significant proportion of the priests (23...
September 19, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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