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Mental depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549112/effect-of-caring-for-an-abusive-parent-on-mental-health-the-mediating-role-of-self-esteem
#1
Jooyoung Kong
Background and Objectives: This study examines a sample of filial caregivers to investigate whether and how a history of childhood abuse is associated with caregivers' mental health (i.e., depressed affect, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction). This study also investigates the mediational role of self-esteem between caring for an abusive parent and the mental health outcomes. Research Design and Methods: Using the 2004-2006 National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States, data from 219 filial caregivers were analyzed...
May 26, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547996/predicting-health-related-quality-of-life-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-nepal-mental-health-disorders-and-substance-use-determinants
#2
Khem N Pokhrel, Vidya D Sharma, Akira Shibanuma, Kalpana G Pokhrel, Linda B Mlunde, Masamine Jimba
HIV-positive people often experience mental health disorders and engage in substance use. Such conditions tend to impair their health-related quality of life (QOL). Evidence, however, is limited about the influence of mental health disorders and substance use on QOL by gender. Also, little is known about the influences of anxiety and high levels of stress on QOL. We recruited 682 HIV-positive people in Nepal and measured their depression, anxiety, stress levels, substance use, and QOL. Multiple linear regressions assessed the association of mental health disorders and substance use with QOL...
May 26, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547781/moms-growing-together-piloting-action-methods-and-expressive-arts-in-a-therapeutic-group-for-teen-mothers
#3
Lee SmithBattle, Chutima Chantamit-O-Pas, Patricia Freed, Dorcas McLaughlin, Joanne K Schneider
PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to test the safety, acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of Moms Growing Together (MGT), an intervention to prevent and reduce psychological distress in teen mothers. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A mixed method design was used. The primary outcomes were reported satisfaction with MGT (acceptance); successful recruitment and retention of teen mothers (feasibility); and prevention or reduction of psychological distress (safety and effectiveness)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546775/psychological-well-being-among-us-adults-with-arthritis-and-the-unmet-need-for-mental-health-care
#4
Laura E Straub, Miriam G Cisternas
PURPOSE: Mental health conditions can increase the risk of disability among adults with arthritis. The objective of this analysis was to compare the prevalence of serious psychological distress (SPD), depression, and anxiety among US adults with arthritis vs. those without; characterize adults with arthritis with and without SPD; and determine correlates of seeing a mental health professional during the year for adults with arthritis and SPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of adults in the 2011-2013 National Health Interview Survey...
2017: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546735/nonparametric-regression-method-for-broad-sense-agreement
#5
Akm Fazlur Rahman, Limin Peng, Amita Manatunga, Ying Guo
Characterizing the correspondence between an ordinal measurement and a continuous measurement is often of interest in mental health studies. To this end, Peng, Li, Guo, and Manatunga (2011) introduced the concept of broad sense agreement (BSA) and developed nonparametric estimation and inference for a BSA measure. In this work, we propose a non-parametric regression framework for BSA, which provides a robust tool to further investigate population heterogeneity in BSA. We develop inferential procedures including regression function estimation and hypothesis testing...
2017: Journal of Nonparametric Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546319/effect-on-return-to-work-or-education-of-individual-placement-and-support-modified-for-people-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-results-of-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#6
Lone Hellström, Per Bech, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft, Jane Lindschou, Lene Falgaard Eplov
OBJECTIVES: The effect of Individual Placement and Support (IPS) on return to work or education among people with mood or anxiety disorders is unclear, while IPS increases return to work for people with severe mental illness. We examined the effect of IPS modified for people with mood and anxiety disorders (IPS-MA) on return to work and education compared with services as usual (SAU). METHODS: In a randomised clinical superiority trial, 326 participants with mood and anxiety disorders were centrally randomised to IPS-MA, consisting of individual mentor support and career counselling (n=162) or SAU (n=164)...
May 25, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546138/mental-health-mobile-apps-for-preadolescents-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Rebecca Grist, Joanna Porter, Paul Stallard
BACKGROUND: There are an increasing number of mobile apps available for adolescents with mental health problems and an increasing interest in assimilating mobile health (mHealth) into mental health services. Despite the growing number of apps available, the evidence base for their efficacy is unclear. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to systematically appraise the available research evidence on the efficacy and acceptability of mobile apps for mental health in children and adolescents younger than 18 years...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545799/the-relationship-of-the-perceived-impact-of-the-current-greek-recession-with-increased-suicide-risk-is-moderated-by-mental-illness-in-patients-with-long-term-conditions
#8
Elisavet Ntountoulaki, Vassiliki Paika, Dimitra Papaioannou, Elspeth Guthrie, Konstantinos Kotsis, Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Andre F Carvalho, Thomas Hyphantis
OBJECTIVE: Adverse life events may contribute to the emergence of suicidality. We aimed to test the relationship between the impact of the Greek recession and suicidal risk in people with long-term conditions (LTCs) and to determine whether this relationship is moderated by the presence of a mental disorder. METHODS: Suicidal risk (RASS) and crisis parameters were assessed in a cross-sectional survey including 376 patients with LTCs (type-II diabetes mellitus, rheumatological disorders and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) attending the Emergency Department or specialty clinics...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545786/the-associations-between-insomnia-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-rehabilitation-units-at-1month-after-stroke
#9
Won-Hyoung Kim, Han-Young Jung, Ha-Yoon Choi, Chan-Hyuk Park, Eun-Suk Kim, Sook-Joung Lee, Sung-Hwa Ko, Soo-Yeon Kim, Kyung-Lim Joa
OBJECTIVE: The principal objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between insomnia and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) during the early stage of stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: The subjects were 214 first-time stroke patients admitted to a rehabilitation unit at one of three Korean hospitals. Within 7days after stroke, functions were evaluated using; the Berg Balance Scale, the Modified Barthel Index, the Mini Mental State Examination, the Frontal Assessment Battery, Screening Tests for Aphasia and Neurologic-Communication Disorders, and the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545785/somatization-among-persons-with-turkish-origin-results-of-the-pretest-of-the-german-national-cohort-study
#10
Eva Morawa, Nico Dragano, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Susanne Moebus, Tilman Brand, Yesim Erim
OBJECTIVE: Despite the emerging need to examine mental health of immigrants, there are no investigations designed to analyze representative samples in Germany. The aim of the present study was to explore the severity of somatic symptoms/somatization among a sample of considerable size consisting of persons with Turkish origin. We studied whether somatization was associated with sociodemographic and migration-related characteristics. METHODS: This examination was part of a pretest for a large national epidemiological cohort study in Germany...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545580/early-response-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-syndromes-of-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#11
Maria Kleinstäuber, Michael J Lambert, Wolfgang Hiller
BACKGROUND: Early dramatic treatment response suggests a subset of patients who respond to treatment before most of it has been offered. These early responders tend to be over represented among those who are well at termination and at follow-up. Early response patterns in psychotherapy have been investigated only for a few of mental disorders so far. The main aim of the current study was to examine early response after five therapy-preparing sessions of a cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for syndromes of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS)...
May 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545545/a-focused-ethnography-of-a-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-service-factors-relevant-to-the-implementation-of-a-depression-trial
#12
C E W Kitchen, S Lewis, P A Tiffin, P R Welsh, L Howey, D Ekers
BACKGROUND: Prior to commencing a randomised controlled trial, we conducted a focused ethnography to ensure that the trial was well suited to the proposed setting. METHODS: A six-month observation of a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service site in the North-East of England was undertaken to observe the site procedures, staff culture and patient care pathways. During this period, documentary data were collected and interviews were conducted with key informants to provide insight into staff perceptions of the proposed trial...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545399/general-cognitive-status-among-baby-boomers-and-pre-boomers-in-taiwan-the-interplay-between-mid-life-socioeconomic-status-and-city-residence
#13
Chi Chiao
BACKGROUND: This study seeks to assess the interaction between mid-life socioeconomic status (SES) and city residence on the cognitive status of Baby Boomers and pre-Boomers in Taiwan, a non-Western society with a distinct cultural and family context, taking apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene polymophism and life stressors into consideration. METHODS: The data used was from the Social Environment and Biomarkers of Aging Study (SEBAS) collected in Taiwan during 2006, this involved 1245 individuals from 23 communities and used multilevel regression...
May 25, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545319/-i-have-potential-experiences-of-recovery-in-the-individual-placement-and-support-intervention
#14
Iben Gammelgaard, Thomas N Christensen, Lene F Eplov, Sofie B Jensen, Elsebeth Stenager, Kirsten S Petersen
BACKGROUND: The individual placement and support (IPS) intervention supports persons with severe mental illness in achieving competitive employment. Although the IPS intervention is labelled a recovery-oriented intervention, little is known about how participants experience IPS to influence recovery. The aim was to investigate how IPS and employment influence recovery in persons with severe mental illness. MATERIAL: A qualitative phenomenological hermeneutic study of experiences of 12 participants in IPS...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545101/family-aggregation-and-risk-factors-in-substance-use-disorders-over-three-generations-in-a-nation-wide-study
#15
Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Helle Jakobsen, Povl Munk-Jørgensen
OBJECTIVE: This nation-wide register-based study investigated how often substance use disorders (SUD) and co-morbid disorders occurred in affected families compared to control families. METHOD: A total of N = 2504 child and adolescent psychiatric participants who were born between 1969 and 1986 and were registered in the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register (DPCRR) had a mental disorder before the age of 18 and developed SUD at some point during their life-time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545013/level-of-functioning-perceived-work-ability-and-work-status-among-psychiatric-patients-with-major-mental-disorders
#16
B Karpov, G Joffe, K Aaltonen, J Suvisaari, I Baryshnikov, P Näätänen, M Koivisto, T Melartin, J Oksanen, K Suominen, M Heikkinen, E Isometsä
BACKGROUND: Major mental disorders are highly disabling conditions that result in substantial socioeconomic burden. Subjective and objective measures of functioning or ability to work, their concordance, or risk factors for them may differ between disorders. METHODS: Self-reported level of functioning, perceived work ability, and current work status were evaluated among psychiatric care patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (SSA, n=113), bipolar disorder (BD, n=99), or depressive disorder (DD, n=188) within the Helsinki University Psychiatric Consortium Study...
April 7, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544532/association-between-osteoarthritis-and-mental-health-in-a-korean-population-a-nationwide-study
#17
Jae Hyun Jung, Hongdeok Seok, Jae-Hoon Kim, Gwan Gyu Song, Sung Jae Choi
AIM: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic disease and has become a major health problem in recent years. OA causes chronic pain and disability and can induce mental disorders such as stress perception, depression and suicidal ideation. We investigated the incidence of perceived stress, depressed mood and suicidal ideation in OA patients, using the 2010-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). METHOD: A total of 8271 participants were included (3580 male and 4691 female)...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544024/contribution-of-perceived-cognitive-functioning-to-quality-of-life-in-service-members-and-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Noah D Silverberg, Magdalena Wojtowicz, Eric Bui, Rebecca Wershba, Ross Zafonte, Lauren M Laifer, Naomi M Simon, Grant L Iverson
Perceived cognitive impairment is a core clinical feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and may be an important determinant of quality of life (QOL) in those who suffer from this disorder. Using a clinical data repository, we evaluated this hypothesis in a cross-sectional sample of U.S. military service members and veterans who served after September 11, 2001, and were seeking mental health treatment at a tertiary outpatient clinic. A consecutive series of 117 patients with a clinical diagnosis of PTSD completed a battery of questionnaires at intake, including the PTSD Checklist (Weathers, Litz, Herman, Huska, & Keane, 1993), a 4-item Cognitive Symptom subscale of the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (Cicerone & Kalmar, 1995), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995), and the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Endicott, Nee, Harrison, & Blumenthal, 1993)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543619/the-company-you-keep-is-socialising-with-higher-status-people-bad-for-mental-health
#19
Min-Ah Lee, Ichiro Kawachi
Socialising with higher-status individuals can be hypothesised to exert opposing influences on the mental health of the ego. On the one hand, socialising with higher-status alters might enable individuals to access valuable resources. On the other hand, status-discrepant friendships could be detrimental to mental health by engendering feelings of unfairness. We sought to examine the impact of status-discrepant social relationships on depressive symptoms in the 2012 Korean General Social Survey (KGSS), a nationally representative sample...
May 24, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543049/the-correlates-of-stigma-toward-mental-illness-among-jordanian-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#20
Ahmad Rayan, Maryam Husnee Mahroum, Aws Khasawneh
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing rates of patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) in Jordan, there is little knowledge available about the factors associated with the quality of life (QOL) among this population in particular. AIMS: This study aims to assess the level of QOL among Jordanian patients with MDD and to examine the possible correlates of QOL in this population. METHODS: A descriptive correlational design was used...
May 23, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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