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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350563/predicting-the-mental-health-and-functioning-of-torture-survivors
#1
Suzan J Song, Andrew Subica, Charles Kaplan, Wietse Tol, Joop de Jong
The psychological effects of war represent a growing public health concern as more refugees and asylum seekers migrate across borders. This study investigates whether sociodemographic, premigration and postmigration, and psychosocial factors predict adverse psychiatric symptoms in refugees and asylum seekers exposed to torture (N = 278). Hierarchical linear regressions revealed that female sex, older age, and unstable housing predicted greater severity of anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350562/role-of-personality-functioning-in-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-depression
#2
Carla Crempien, Marcela Grez, Camila Valdés, María José López, Guillermo de la Parra, Mariane Krause
Depression is associated with reduced quality of life (QoL), and personality pathology is associated with higher impairment and poorer treatment outcomes in patients with depression. This study aims to analyze the effects of personality functioning on the QoL of patients with depression. Severity of depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory), level of personality functioning (Operationalized Psychodynamic Diagnosis Structure Questionnaire), and QoL (Medical Outcome Study 36-item Short-Form) were assessed in a sample of 84 depressive outpatients...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350492/addressing-stillbirth-in-india-must-include-men
#3
Lisa Roberts, Susanne Montgomery, Gayatri Ganesh, Harinder Pal Kaur, Ratan Singh
BACKGROUND: Millennium Development Goal 4, to reduce child mortality, can only be achieved by reducing stillbirths globally. A confluence of medical and sociocultural factors contribute to the high stillbirth rates in India. The psychosocial aftermath of stillbirth is a well-documented public health problem, though less is known of the experience for men, particularly outside of the Western context. Therefore, men's perceptions and knowledge regarding reproductive health, as well as maternal-child health are important...
March 28, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346159/using-actigraphy-feedback-to-improve-sleep-in-soldiers-an-exploratory-trial
#4
Amy B Adler, Brian C Gunia, Paul D Bliese, Paul Y Kim, Matthew L LoPresti
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the impact of wearing an actigraph and receiving personalized feedback on the sleep of a high-risk occupational group: United States soldiers recently returned from a combat deployment. DESIGN: Following a baseline survey with a full sample, a subsample of soldiers wore an actigraph, received feedback, and completed a brief survey. Two months later, the full sample completed a follow-up survey. The actigraph intervention involved wearing an actigraph for 3 weeks and then receiving a personalized report about sleep patterns and an algorithm-based estimate of cognitive functioning derived from individual sleep patterns...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346049/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-veterinary-medical-students-a-multi-site-study
#5
Elizabeth B Strand, Jennifer Brandt, Kenita Rogers, Laurie Fonken, Ruthanne Chun, Peter Conlon, Linda Lord
This research explores Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) among veterinary medical students across six academic institutions of veterinary medicine, and their relationship with depression, stress, and desire to become a veterinarian. Between April 1, 2016 and May 23, 2016, 1,118 veterinary medical students in all 4 years of the curriculum (39% response rate) completed an anonymous web-based questionnaire about ACEs, depression using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CESD), stress using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and the age at which they wanted to become a veterinarian...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345777/the-relationship-between-cancer-patients-place-of-death-and-bereaved-caregivers-mental-health-status
#6
Yutaka Hatano, Maho Aoyama, Tatsuya Morita, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Isseki Maeda, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
BACKGROUND: Although place of death has been recognized as a risk factor in caregivers' bereavement adjustment, the estimation of the effect of the place of death needs careful consideration about many potential cofounders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was a nationwide cross-sectional questionnaire survey for bereaved family caregivers of patients with cancer who died in 3 settings: (1) hospice at home; (2) palliative care units (PCUs); and (3) acute hospitals...
March 27, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344677/the-mental-health-continuum-short-form-mhc-sf-in-the-argentinean-context-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-measurement-invariance
#7
María Laura Lupano Perugini, Guadalupe de la Iglesia, Alejandro Castro Solano, Corey Lee M Keyes
The present research aimed at studying the psychometric properties of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF; Keyes, 2005) in a sample of 1,300 Argentinean adults (50% males; 50% females). Their mean age was 40.28 years old (SD = 13.59). The MHC-SF is a 14 item test that assesses three components (i.e., emotional, social, and psychological) of well-being. Convergent and divergent evidence of construct validity was assessed by conducting confirmatory factor analysis, cross-validation, factorial invariance, and correlations with external criteria...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344381/shame-and-guilt-proneness-as-mediators-of-associations-between-general-causality-orientations-and-depressive-symptoms
#8
Chelsie M Young, Clayton Neighbors, Angelo M Dibello, Zachary K Traylor, Mary Tomkins
The present study examined the roles of shame- and guilt-proneness as mediators of associations between general causality orientations and depressive symptoms. We expected autonomy would be associated with less depressive symptoms based on higher guilt-proneness and lower shame-proneness, whereas control would be associated with more depressive symptoms based on lower guilt-proneness and higher shame-proneness. Undergraduates (N = 354) completed assessments of general causality orientations, shame- and guilt-proneness, and depressive symptoms in exchange for extra credit...
May 2016: Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343652/predictors-of-non-return-to-work-2-years-post-injury-in-road-traffic-crash-survivors-results-from-the-uq-support-study
#9
Michelle Heron-Delaney, Jacelle Warren, Justin A Kenardy
PURPOSE: Individuals who have sustained an injury from a road traffic crash (RTC) are at increased risk for long lasting health problems and non-return to work (NRTW). Determining the predictors of NRTW is necessary to develop screening tools to identify at-risk individuals and to provide early targeted intervention for successful return to work (RTW). The aim of this study was to identify factors that can predict which individuals will not RTW following minor or moderate injuries sustained from a RTC...
March 16, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343288/associations-between-household-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-health-problems-among-non-smoking-adolescents-in-the-republic-of-korea
#10
Sunhee Park
This study examined the association between household secondhand smoke exposure (HSHSE) and health status among non-smoking adolescents in Korea using two subsamples obtained from nationally representative cross-sectional secondary data: males (n = 25,653) and females (n = 31,187). Two self-reported HSHSE measures included exposure to household secondhand smoke during the week before the survey (yes or no) and number of days of HSHSE (1-7 days); and five self-reported health problems included asthma, perceived stress, depression, suicidal ideation, and self-rated health...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343246/sex-differences-and-predictors-of-changes-in-body-weight-and-noncommunicable-diseases-in-a-random-newly-arrived-group-of-refugees-followed-for-two-years
#11
K-L Catherine Jen, Hikmet Jamil, Kequan Zhou, Karen Breejen, Bengt B Arnet
We have reported that none of the psychological/mental variables examined predicted the increase in BMI and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Iraqi refugees after 1 year resettlement in Michigan. We continuously followed the same cohort of refugees for 2 years (Y2 FU) to further determine the gender difference in predicting of increased BMI and NCDs. Only 20% of the BMI variability could be accounted for by the factors examined. Number of dependent children and depression were positively and stress negatively associated with BMI in male refugees but not in females...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343067/reading-problems-and-major-mental-disorders-co-occurrences-and-familial-overlaps-in-a-swedish-nationwide-cohort
#12
Martin Cederlöf, Barbara Maughan, Henrik Larsson, Brian M D'Onofrio, Robert Plomin
Reading problems often co-occur with ADHD and conduct disorder. However, the patterns of co-occurrence and familial overlap between reading problems and other psychiatric disorders have not been systematically explored. We conducted a register-based cohort study including 8719 individuals with reading problems and their siblings, along with matched comparison individuals. Conditional logistic regressions estimated risks for ADHD, autism, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anorexia nervosa, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, substance use disorder, and violent/non-violent criminality in individuals with reading problems and their siblings...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342990/telephone-adapted-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-tmbsr-for-patients-awaiting-kidney-transplantation
#13
Cynthia R Gross, Maryanne Reilly-Spong, Taehwan Park, Ruizhi Zhao, Olga V Gurvich, Hassan N Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Patients with progressive kidney disease experience increasing physiologic and psychosocial stressors and declining health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: We conducted a randomized, active-controlled, open-label trial to test whether a Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program delivered in a novel workshop-teleconference format would reduce symptoms and improve HRQOL in patients awaiting kidney transplantation. Sixty-three transplant candidates were randomized to one of two arms: i) telephone-adapted MBSR (tMBSR, an 8-week program of meditation and yoga); or ii) a telephone-based support group (tSupport)...
March 22, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342944/the-anti-inflammatory-mechanism-of-antidepressants-ssris-snris
#14
REVIEW
Piotr Gałecki, Joanna Mossakowska-Wójcik, Monika Talarowska
The cytokine theory of depression no longer brings about any doubts. Experiments and research studies conducted in the last ten years have confirmed that both physical and psychological (emotional) stress increases the likelihood of occurrence of mental disorders (including depressive disorders) owing to the action of a series of hormonal and biochemical mechanisms. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) as well as serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are some of the most commonly applied drugs in the world during pharmacotherapy of recurrent depressive disorder...
March 22, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342943/would-i-take-antipsychotics-if-i-had-psychotic-symptoms-examining-determinants-of-the-decision-to-take-antipsychotics
#15
Fabrice Berna, Anja S Göritz, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Pierre Vidailhet, Guillaume Fond, Steffen Moritz
Poor adherence to treatment in schizophrenia is mainly associated to patients-related factors. However, social negative representations of schizophrenia and its treatment may also contribute to patients' decision to take or not to take antipsychotics. A web-based study on 1807 participants was conducted during which participants imagined that they had a particular chronic illness based on clinical vignettes (mental illnesses: schizophrenia, depression; somatic illnesses: multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis)...
March 22, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342730/the-association-of-dietary-inflammatory-potential-with-depression-and-mental-well-being-among-u-s-adults
#16
Rachel S Bergmans, Kristen M Malecki
Current treatment for depression is not considered effective among all cases and, thus far, nutritional protocols are minimal within depression treatment guidelines. Recently, there has been increasing interest in a possible protective and modifiable role of diet in common mental disorders, including depression, due to pro- and anti-inflammatory properties of nutrients. This study aims to investigate whether the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), designed to estimate the inflammatory potential of diet, is associated with depression and other measures of mental health...
March 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342622/an-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-burnout-socio-demographic-and-workplace-factors-and-job-satisfaction-among-emergency-department-health-professionals
#17
Menderes Tarcan, Neşet Hikmet, Benjamin Schooley, Mehmet Top, Gamze Yorgancıoglu Tarcan
INTRODUCTION: Burnout among emergency medical practitioners and personnel negatively affects career satisfaction and job performance and can lead to mental health issues, including anxiety, depression, and suicide. PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between the perceptions of burnout and job satisfaction of those working in two different hospital's emergency departments assessing the effect of burnout dimensions and additional factors (age, position, marital status, annual income, employment type, gender, patient encounters, and household economic well-being) on job satisfaction...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342535/-professional-stressors-and-common-mental-health-disorders-causal-links
#18
C Nicolas, N Chawky, C Jourdan-Ionescu, M-S Drouin, C Page, N Houlfort, G Beauchamp, M Séguin
According to the World Health Organization, depression has become the leading cause of disability in the world, contributing significantly to the burden of health issues especially in the industrialized countries. This is a major public health problem, with potential impact on work climates, productivity at work and the continued existence of the organizations. Some recent studies have examined potential links between professional factors and common mental health disorders, but none have demonstrated a direct causal link...
March 22, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341942/integrating-nimh-research-domain-criteria-rdoc-into-ptsd-research
#19
Ulrike Schmidt, Eric Vermetten
Three and a half decades of research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has produced substantial knowledge on the pathobiology of this frequent and debilitating disease. However, despite all research efforts, so far no drug that has specifically targeted PTSD core symptoms progressed to clinical use. Instead, although not overly efficient, serotonin re-uptake inhibitors continue to be considered the gold standard of PTSD pharmacotherapy. The psychotherapeutic treatment and symptom-oriented drug therapy options available for PTSD treatment today show some efficacy, although not in all PTSD patients, in particular not in a substantial percent of those suffering from the detrimental sequelae of repeated childhood trauma or in veterans with combat related PTSD...
March 25, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341617/internet-delivered-health-interventions-that-work-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-and-evaluation-of-website-availability
#20
Mary Am Rogers, Kelsey Lemmen, Rachel Kramer, Jason Mann, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Due to easy access and low cost, Internet-delivered therapies offer an attractive alternative to improving health. Although numerous websites contain health-related information, finding evidence-based programs (as demonstrated through randomized controlled trials, RCTs) can be challenging. We sought to bridge the divide between the knowledge gained from RCTs and communication of the results by conducting a global systematic review and analyzing the availability of evidence-based Internet health programs...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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