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Breast cancer cell, microRNA

Wei Zhao, Xiaohui Zhang, Jia Liu, Bei Sun, Hua Tang, Hong Zhang
Metformin was demonstrated to have effects on breast cancer, and microRNA-27a (miR-27a) is a prognostic marker for breast cancer progression and patient survival. AMPKα2 was found to be a suppressor in breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Therefore, the present study aimed to explain this phenomenon in regards to the relationship between microRNAs (miRNAs) and their target genes and to predict how AMPKα2 may be a downstream target gene of miR-27a, thus exploring the new mechanism of metformin in the treatment of breast cancer regarding miRNAs...
October 24, 2016: Oncology Reports
Ioly Kotta-Loizou, Spyridon N Vasilopoulos, Robert H A Coutts, Stamatios Theocharis
Hu-antigen R (HuR) is an RNA-binding posttranscriptional regulator that belongs to the Hu/ELAV family. HuR expression levels are modulated by a variety of proteins, microRNAs, chemical compounds, or the microenvironment, and in turn, HuR affects mRNA stability and translation of various genes implicated in breast cancer formation, progression, metastasis, and treatment. The aim of the present review is to critically summarize the role of HuR in breast cancer development and its potential as a prognosticator and a therapeutic target...
October 17, 2016: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Kubra Kaban, Emine Salva, Julide Akbuga
Changes in microRNA (miRNA) expression levels that play important roles in regulation lead to many pathological events such as cancer. The miR-200 family is an important target in cancer therapy. The aim of this study is to equilibrate endogenous levels between cancer and noncancerous cells to prevent serious side effects of miR-200c- and miR-141-like metastatic colonization. For the first time, the characterization of miR-200c and miR-141 cluster containing chitosan nanoplexes was shown, and the optimization of miRNA expression levels by conducting dose studies in breast cancer cell lines was made...
October 20, 2016: Nucleic Acid Therapeutics
Eugenio Zoni, Gabri van der Pluijm
The skeleton represents a common site of metastases for osteotropic cancers such as prostate and breast tumors and novel therapeutic targets and new markers for the monitoring of bone lesions are urgently needed. The formation of bone metastases is a complex process that starts at the level of the confined tumor and that is characterized by a dynamic crosstalk between the primary cancer and the future metastatic site, the bone. Factors released by the primary tumor contribute to prepare a fertile "soil", where a "pre-metastatic niche" is established prior to future colonization by cancer cells...
September 2016: Journal of Bone Oncology
Yanqin Niu, Yike Wu, Jinyong Huang, Qing Li, Kang Kang, Junle Qu, Furong Li, Deming Gou
Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) is the most frequently used method for measuring expression levels of microRNAs (miRNAs), which is based on normalization to endogenous references. Although circulating miRNAs have been regarded as potential non-invasive biomarker of disease, no study has been performed so far on reference miRNAs for normalization in colorectal cancer. In this study we tried to identify optimal reference miRNAs for qPCR analysis across colorectal cancer patients and healthy individuals. 485 blood-derived miRNAs were profiled in serum sample pools of both colorectal cancer and healthy control...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Shanmei Du, Helou Li, Xiaochun Sun, Dongsheng Li, Yong Yang, Zehua Tao, Qian Li, Kui Liu
MicroRNA (miRNA) is a type of endogenous non‑coding RNA implicated in various cellular processes. Studies have shown that miR-124 is involved in the malignant progression of cancer, but little is known concerning its potential role in breast cancer. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to conduct a functional analysis of miR-124 in breast cancer, and to identify its target genes in this disease. To this end, we used quantitative real-time PCR to examine the expression level of miR-124 in breast cancer tissue specimens and cell lines...
October 11, 2016: Oncology Reports
Tianhui Wu, Xin Chen, Rui Peng, Handeng Liu, Pin Yin, Huimin Peng, Yujian Zhou, Yan Sun, Li Wen, Hong Yi, Ailing Li, Zheng Zhang
Cervical cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed type of cancer among women after breast cancer. Recent research has addressed the role of microRNAs in cervical cancer. In the present study, we aimed to determine the effect of let‑7a on the regulation of the cell proliferation of cervical cancer and the related signaling pathway. Real‑time RT‑PCR was used to detect the expression of let‑7a in the blood of cervical cancer patients and normal controls. The expression of let‑7a was also assessed in cervical cancer cell lines: HeLa, SiHa and normal human immortalized keratinocyes HaCaT...
October 11, 2016: Oncology Reports
A L R Bordinhão, A F Evangelista, R J S Oliveira, T Macedo, H C Silveira, R M Reis, M M Marques
Cediranib, a pan-tyrosine kinase inhibitor is showing promising results for the treatment of several solid tumours. In breast cancer, its effects remain unclear, and there are no predictive biomarkers. Several studies have examined the expression profiles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in response to different chemotherapy treatments and found that the expression patterns may be associated with the treatment response. Therefore, our aim was to evaluate the cellular behaviour and differential expression profiles of miRNAs in breast cancer cell lines exposed to cediranib...
October 7, 2016: Oncology Reports
Surya Narayan Rath, Debasrita Das, V Badireenath Konkimalla, Sukanta Kumar Pradhan
Solid tumor is generally observed in tissues of epithelial or endothelial cells of lung, breast, prostate, pancreases, colorectal, stomach, and bladder, where several genes transcription is regulated by the microRNAs (miRNAs). Argonaute (AGO) protein is a family of protein which assists in miRNAs to bind with mRNAs of the target genes. Hence, study of the binding mechanism between AGO protein and miRNAs, and also with miRNAs-mRNAs duplex is crucial for understanding the RNA silencing mechanism. In the current work, 64 genes and 23 miRNAs have been selected from literatures, whose deregulation is well established in seven types of solid cancer like lung, breast, prostate, pancreases, colorectal, stomach, and bladder cancer...
September 2016: Genomics & Informatics
Huiping Shi, Weili Zhang, Qiaoming Zhi, Min Jiang
In the era of new and mostly effective molecular targeted therapies, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 positive (HER2+) cancers are still intractable diseases. Lapatinib, a dual epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has greatly improved breast cancer prognosis in recent years after the initial introduction of trastuzumab (Herceptin). However, clinical evidence indicates the existence of both primary unresponsiveness and secondary lapatinib resistance, which leads to the failure of this agent in HER2+ cancer patients...
October 10, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Aisan Hasanzadeh, Hamzeh Mesrian Tanha, Kamran Ghaedi, Mahboobeh Madani
PURPOSE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the progression of breast cancer (BC). miR-9 has been reported to be correlated with either favorable or unfavorable events in BC. This study was aimed to evaluate the expression level of miR-9 in human breast tissues, including benign and malignant tumor samples and also healthy tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression level of miR-9 was analyzed in 10 normal breast tissues, 30 malignant, and 30 benign breast tumor tissue samples using RT-PCR and qPCR...
October 7, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Jingxuan Wang, Xiao Zhang, Jinming Shi, Paul Cao, Meimei Wan, Qiang Zhang, Yunxuan Wang, Steven J Kridel, Wennuan Liu, Jianfeng Xu, Qingyuan Zhang, Guangchao Sui
Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is upregulated in breast cancer and correlates with poor prognosis. FASN contributes to mammary oncogenesis and serves as a bona fide target in cancer therapies. MicroRNAs inhibit gene expression through blocking mRNA translation or promoting mRNA degradation by targeting their 3'-UTRs. We identified four microRNAs in two microRNA clusters miR-15a-16-1 and miR-497-195 that share a common seed sequence to target the 3'-UTR of the FASN mRNA. In reporter assays, both of these microRNA clusters inhibited the expression of a reporter construct containing the FASN 3'-UTR...
October 5, 2016: Oncotarget
Jar-Yi Ho, Ren-Jun Hsu, Jui-Ming Liu, Szu-Chi Chen, Guo-Shiou Liao, Hong-Wei Gao, Cheng-Ping Yu
Aberrant activation of the Ras/ERK pathway mediates breast cancer initiation and aggressiveness. Therefore, it is important to identify miRNAs that modulate the Ras/ERK pathway during breast carcinogenesis and progression. The Ras GTPase superfamily member RERG (Ras-related and estrogen-regulated growth inhibitor) acts as a tumor suppressor to reduce breast cancer cell proliferation and tumor formation and has been suggested to have a regulatory role in the Ras/ERK pathway. In this study, we found that RERG exerted its tumor suppressor role by attenuating the activation of Ras/ERK signaling effectors...
September 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Ali Flores-Pérez, Laurence A Marchat, Sergio Rodríguez-Cuevas, Verónica Bautista-Piña, Alfredo Hidalgo-Miranda, Elena Aréchaga Ocampo, Mónica Sierra Martínez, Carlos Palma-Flores, Miguel A Fonseca-Sánchez, Horacio Astudillo-de la Vega, Erika Ruíz-García, Juan Antonio González-Barrios, Carlos Pérez-Plasencia, María L Streber, César López-Camarillo
Deregulated expression of microRNAs has been associated with angiogenesis. Studying the miRNome of locally advanced breast tumors we unsuspectedly found a dramatically repression of miR-204, a small non-coding RNA with no previous involvement in tumor angiogenesis. Downregulation of miR-204 was confirmed in an independent cohort of patients and breast cancer cell lines. Gain-of-function analysis indicates that ectopic expression of miR-204 impairs cell proliferation, anchorage-independent growth, migration, invasion, and the formation of 3D capillary networks in vitro...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
Wei-Yang Tao, Chun-Yang Wang, Yong-Hui Sun, Yong-Hui Su, Da Pang, Guo-Qiang Zhang
Abnormal expression of microRNAs plays important role in tumor metastasis. Migration and invasion of cancer cells accord for the metastasis and deterioration of breast cancer. However, the regulatory role of microRNAs in the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells has not completely understood yet. Here we found that microRNA-34c (miR-34c) was significantly downregulated in metastatic tissue of breast cancer. In vitro study showed that miR-34c negatively regulated GIT1 protein expression by binding to the 3'UTR of GIT1 mRNA...
2016: Journal of Cancer
Prasant Yadav, Masroor Mirza, Kajal Nandi, S K Jain, R C M Kaza, Nita Khurana, P C Ray, Alpana Saxena
MiRNA-21 is recognized as the main active candidate and high expression in many solid tumors consequential cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and closely related to metastasis of disease. The study aimed to evaluate the serum miRNA-21 expression and therapy outcome in breast cancer patients and cell lines. Seventy-five histopathologically confirmed newly diagnosed breast cancer patients were included in the study; before and after therapy, patient's blood sample were collected and analyzed for serum microRNA-21 expression by quantitative real-time PCR...
September 30, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Xin Xu, Yong-Gang Lv, Chang-You Yan, Jun Yi, Rui Ling
Epigenetic gene inactivation by microRNAs (miRNAs) plays a key role in malignant transformation, prevention of apoptosis, drug resistance and metastasis. It has been shown that miR-125a is down-regulated in HER2-amplified and HER2-overexpressing breast cancers (BCa), and this miRNA is believed to serve as an important tumor suppressor. miR-125a has two mature forms: hsa-miR-125a-3p and hsa-miR-125a-5p. However, the functional details of these miRNAs in BCa, particularly during pathogenesis of drug resistance, remain largely unexplored...
October 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Martina Di Modica, Viola Regondi, Marco Sandri, Marilena V Iorio, Adriana Zanetti, Elda Tagliabue, Patrizia Casalini, Tiziana Triulzi
Exosomes-secreted microRNAs play an important role in metastatic spread. During this process breast cancer cells acquire the ability to transmigrate through blood vessels by inducing changes in the endothelial barrier. We focused on miR-939 that is predicted to target VE-cadherin, a component of adherens junction involved in vessel permeability. By in silico analysis miR-939 was found highly expressed in the basal-like tumor subtypes and in our cohort of 63 triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) its expression significantly interacted with lymph node status in predicting disease-free survival probability...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Letters
Juanjuan Zhu, Qiujing Zhou, Shuhua Tan
Tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is capable of inducing apoptosis upon engagement of its death receptors (DRs) 4 and 5. TRAIL therapy has garnered intense interest as one of the most promising agents for cancer therapy, for its selective induction of tumor-cell apoptosis while low toxicity to most normal cells. However, a variety of breast cancer cell lines could be resistant to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Absence of DR4 and DR5 on the breast cancer cell surface has been proposed to be critically involved in resistance to TRAIL and its agonistic antibodies...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Letters
Fatouma Alimirah, Xinjian Peng, Akash Gupta, Liang Yuan, JoEllen Welsh, Michele Cleary, Rajendra G Mehta
The vitamin D receptor (VDR), and its ligand 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D3) prevent breast cancer development and progression, yet the molecular mechanisms governing this are unclear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) on the other hand, promote or inhibit breast cancer growth. To understand how VDR regulates miRNAs, we compared miRNA expression of wild-type (WT) and VDR knockout (VDRKO) breast cancer cells by a Mouse Breast Cancer miRNA PCR array. Compared to VDR WT cells, expressions of miR-214, miR-199a-3p and miR-199a-5p of the miR-199a/miR-214 cluster were 42, 15, and 10 fold higher in VDRKO cells respectively...
September 27, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
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