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Breast cancer cell, microRNA

Hye-Youn Kim, Huyen Trang Ha Thi, Suntaek Hong
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies and is associated with high mortality rates due to the lack of effective therapeutic targets. In this study, we demonstrated that insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA-binding protein 2 and 3 (IMP2 and IMP3) are specifically overexpressed in TNBC and cooperate to promote cell migration and invasion. Downregulation of both IMP2 and IMP3 in TNBC cells was found to produce a synergistic effect in suppressing cell invasion and invadopodia formation, whereas overexpression of IMP2 and IMP3 in luminal subtype cells enhanced epithelial-mesenchymal transition and metastasis...
December 5, 2017: Cancer Letters
Xiu Juan Li, Zhao Jun Ren, Jin Hai Tang, Qiao Yu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Treatment of breast cancer remains a clinical challenge. This study aims to validate exosomal microRNA-1246 (miR-1246) as a serum biomarker for breast cancer and understand the underlying mechanism in breast cancer progression. METHODS: The expression levels of endogenous and exosomal miRNAs were examined by real time PCR, and the expression level of the target protein was detected by western blot. Scanning electron and confocal microscopy were used to characterize exosomes and to study their uptake and transfer...
December 6, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Patsy S Soon, Pamela J Provan, Edward Kim, Nirmala Pathmanathan, Dinny Graham, Christine L Clarke, Rosemary L Balleine
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), invasive breast cancer (IBC) and lympho-vascular invasion (LVI) represent distinct stages in breast cancer progression with different clinical implications. Altered microRNA (miRNA) expression may play a role in mediating the progression of DCIS to IBC and LVI. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate whether differential miRNA expression could play a role in breast cancer progression. Cancer cells from DCIS, IBC and LVI were microdissected from formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue of five breast cancer samples...
December 6, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
Xiu-Feng Gong, An-Lu Yu, Jun Tang, Chen-Long Wang, Jian-Rong He, Guo-Qiang Chen, Qian Zhao, Ming He, Ci-Xiang Zhou
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in breast cancer cell biological processes, including proliferation and apoptosis by inhibiting the expression of their target genes. Herein, we reported that miR-630 overexpression initiates apoptosis, blocks cell cycle progression and suppresses cell proliferation in breast cancer cells. Furthermore, BMI1, a member of polycomb group family, was identified as a direct target of miR-630, and there was a negative correlation between the expression levels of BMI1 and miR-630 in human breast cancer samples...
December 2, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
Flavia Biamonte, Fabiana Zolea, Gianluca Santamaria, Anna M Battaglia, Giovanni Cuda, Francesco Costanzo
MicroRNAs post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression thus playing a critical role in a wide range of physiological and pathological processes, including cancer initiation and progression. Moreover, a growing number of evidences highlights that miRNAs themselves are differentially expressed between normal and malignant tissues. In this study, we analysed differences in miRNA expression profile between haematological and epithelial tumor-derived cell lines and explored their role in definying different cancer cells phenotypes...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Yanmin Sui, Xiaolei Zhang, Honglan Yang, Wei Wei, Minglin Wang
Many microRNAs (miRs) have been demonstrated to play promoting or tumor suppressive roles in human cancers including breast cancer. However, the molecular mechanism of miR-133a underlying the malignant progression of breast cancer still remains obscure. In the present study we observed that the expression of miR-133a was significantly downregulated in breast cancer tissues and cell lines, when compared with adjacent non-tumor tissues and normal breast cell line, respectively. Reduced miR-133a levels were significantly associated with advanced clinical stage, lymph node metastasis, as well as shorter survival time of patients with breast cancer...
November 27, 2017: Oncology Reports
Annelie Abrahamsson, Alessandra Capodanno, Anna Rzepecka, Charlotta Dabrosin
Women with dense breast tissue on mammography are at higher risk of developing breast cancer but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. De-regulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been associated with the onset of breast cancer. miRNAs in the extracellular space participate in the regulation of the local tissue microenvironment. Here, we recruited 39 healthy postmenopausal women attending their mammography-screen that were assessed having extreme dense or entirely fatty breasts (nondense). Microdialysis was performed in breast tissue and a reference catheter was inserted in abdominal subcutaneous fat for local sampling of extracellular compounds...
November 3, 2017: Oncotarget
Saeed Norouzi, Muhammed Majeed, Matteo Pirro, Daniele Generali, Amirhossein Sahebkar
BACKGROUND: Pathogenesis of breast cancer is paralleled by distinct alterations in the expression profile of several microRNAs (miRNAs). Recent studies have shown that miRNAs can serve as diagnostic and prognostic markers, and also as therapeutic targets in breast cancer. Curcumin is a biologically active dietary polyphenol that has emerged with strong anti-tumor properties that are also documented in breast cancer. METHODS: A multi-database electronic search was performed to provide an overview of curcumin as an adjunct therapy and miRNA modulator in breast cancer and highlight the significance of observations for the treatment of cancer therapies...
November 29, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Xiaoti Lin, Weiyu Chen, Fengqin Wei, Binhua P Zhou, Mien-Chie Hung, Xiaoming Xie
Rationale: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been implicated as the seeds of therapeutic resistance and metastasis, due to their unique abilities of self-renew, wide differentiation potentials and resistance to most conventional therapies. It is a proactive strategy for cancer therapy to eradicate CSCs. Methods: Tumor tissue-derived breast CSCs (BCSC), including XM322 and XM607, were isolated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS); while cell line-derived BCSC, including MDA-MB-231.SC and MCF-7.SC, were purified by magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS)...
2017: Theranostics
Miao Yu, Xin Zhang, Hui Li, Purong Zhang, Wei Dong
BACKGROUND We explored the expression pattern, prognostic potential, and functional role of microRNA-588 (miR-588) in human breast cancer (BC). MATERIAL AND METHODS The expression pattern of miR-588 was assessed by qPCR in BC cell lines and human BC carcinomas. The correlations between miR-588 and BC patients' clinicopathological characteristics, as well as BC patients' overall survival, were statistically assessed. In in vitro culture, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells were infected with lentivirus to overexpress endogenous miR-588...
November 30, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Amal Qattan, Haya Intabli, Wafa Alkhayal, Chafica Eltabache, Taher Tweigieri, Suad Bin Amer
BACKGROUND: Female breast cancer is frequently diagnosed at a later stage and the leading cause of cancer deaths world-wide. Levels of cell-free circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) can potentially be used as biomarkers to measure disease progression in breast cancer patients in a non-invasive way and are therefore of high clinical value. METHODS: Using quantitative RT-PCR, circulating miRNAs were measured in blood samples collected from disease-free individuals (n = 34), triple-negative breast tumours (TNBC) (n = 36) and luminal tumours (n = 57)...
November 28, 2017: BMC Cancer
Xin Li, Bo Wu, Lizhao Chen, Ying Ju, Changfei Li, Songdong Meng
Dissection and understanding of the molecular pathways driving triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) are urgently needed to develop efficient tailored therapies. Aside from cell invasion and metastasis, the urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) has been linked to apoptosis resistance in breast tumors. We explored the mechanism of uPAR-disrupted apoptosis in breast cancer. We found that depletion of uPAR by RNAi increases death receptor 4 (DR4) and death receptor 5 (DR5) expression and triggers TRAIL-induced apoptosis in TNBC cells...
October 24, 2017: Oncotarget
Yu Shi, Peng Ye, Xinghua Long
BACKGROUND/AIMS: As MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells are the typical cell lines of two clinical breast tumour subtypes, the aim of the present study was to elucidate the transcriptome differences between MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines. METHODS: The mRNA, miRNA (MicroRNA) and lncRNA (Long non-coding RNA) expression profiles were examined using NGS (next generation sequencing) instrument Illumina HiSeq-2500. GO (Gene Ontology) and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway analyses were performed to identify the biological functions of differentially expressed coding RNAs...
November 24, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Gaurav Gupta, Dinesh K Chellappan, Terezinha de Jesus Andreoli Pinto, Philip M Hansbro, Mary Bebawy, Kamal Dua
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding RNAs of around 20-25 nucleotides in length with highly conserved characteristics. They moderate posttranscriptional silencing by precisely combining with 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) of target mRNAs at a complementary site. miR503, an associate of the "canonical" miRNA16 family, is expressed in numerous types of tumors such as breast cancer, prostate cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, glioblastoma and several others. There is convincing evidence to show that miR503 functions as a tumor suppressor gene through its effects on target genes that regulate cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in tumor cells...
November 22, 2017: Panminerva Medica
L-Y Ni, J-D Zhao, Y-H Lu, W Li, B-L Li, X-C Wang, Q-G Meng
OBJECTIVE: To dissect the functioning mode of miR-30c on giant cell tumor of bone cell metastasis and growth and provide therapeutic targets for giant cell tumor of bone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: By quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), miR-30c expression level in 62 pairs of giant cell tumor of bone cells tissue samples and five breast cancer-derived cell lines. Using miR-30c mimics and inhibitors, we analyzed the effects of miR-30c over-expression and knockdown on cell proliferation, invasion, and migration...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Chengwei Qin, Yanming Zhao, Chunzhi Gong, Zhenlin Yang
Breast cancer is the leading cause for cancer-associated mortality in women. Although great progress has been made in the earlier diagnosis and systemic therapy of patients with breast cancer in recent years, recurrence or distant metastasis continue to present major barriers to the successful treatment of breast cancer. Therefore, fully understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying the progression of breast cancer may be critical for the development of effective therapeutic strategies against breast cancer...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Davide Degli Esposti, Vasily N Aushev, Eunjee Lee, Marie-Pierre Cros, Jun Zhu, Zdenko Herceg, Jia Chen, Hector Hernandez-Vargas
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small regulatory non-coding RNAs with a diversity of cellular functions, and are frequently dysregulated in cancer. Using a novel computational method (ActMir) that we recently developed, the "activity" of miRNA hsa-miR-500a was implicated in estrogen receptor (ER) positive breast cancer; however its targets and functional impact remain poorly understood. Here, we performed an extensive gene expression analysis in ER+ breast cancer cell lines, to reveal the targets of miR-500a-5p after experimental modulation of its levels...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Min-Min Liu, Zhi Li, Xue-Dong Han, Jian-Hua Shi, Dao-Yuan Tu, Wei Song, Jian Zhang, Xiao-Lan Qiu, Yi Ren, Lin-Lin Zhen
MicroRNA-30e (miR-30e) is downregulated in various tumor types. However, its mechanism in inhibiting tumor growth of breast cancer remains to be elucidated. In this study, we found that miR-30e was significantly downregulated in tumor tissues of breast cancer (BC) patients and cell lines, and overexpression of miR-30e inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion. To understand the potential mechanism of miR-30e in inhibiting tumor growth, we showed that miR-30e blocked the activation of AKT and ERK1/2 pathways, and the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF via directly targeting IRS1...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Thomas McFall, Brooke McKnight, Rayna Rosati, Seongho Kim, Yanfang Huang, Nerissa Viola-Villegas, Manohar Ratnam
Distal metastasis of luminal breast cancer is frequent and incurable, yet the metastasis mechanisms are poorly understood. Estrogen, even at postmenopausal concentrations, suppresses invasiveness of luminal breast cancer cells through the estrogen receptor (ER). Invasive tumors overexpress the short progesterone receptor A (PR-A) isoform. Even at postmenopausal concentrations, progesterone activates PR-A, inducing invasiveness by counteracting estrogens effects, particularly when cells are hyper-sensitized to progesterone by PR-A overexpression...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Dengfeng Li, Hong Wang, Hongming Song, Hui Xu, Bingkun Zhao, Chenyang Wu, Jiashu Hu, Tianqi Wu, Dan Xie, Junyong Zhao, Qiang Shen, Lin Fang
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has the worst prognosis of all subtypes of breast cancer (BC), with limited options for conventional therapy and no targeted therapies. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression. In this study, we aimed to determine whether two members of the miR-200 family, miR-200b-3p and miR-429-5p, are involved in BC cell proliferation and motility and to elucidate their target genes and pathways. We performed a meta-analysis that reveals down-regulated expression of miR-200b-3p and miR-429-5p in BC tissues and cell lines, consistent with a lower expression of miR-200b-3p and miR-429-5p in MDA-MB-231 and HCC1937 cells than in MCF-7 and MCF-10 cells...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
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