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Breast cancer cell, microRNA

Ping Li, Tao Xu, Xin Zhou, Liangying Liao, Guolian Pang, Wan Luo, Lu Han, Jiankun Zhang, Xianyong Luo, Xiaobing Xie, Kuichun Zhu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate many cellular activities, including cancer development, progression, and metastasis. Some miRNAs are involved in breast cancer (BC) migration and invasion, thus affect patients' prognosis. Microarray analysis was performed to compare miRNA expression in BC tissues, and results confirmed by qPCR. BC cell migration and invasion were studied in vitro with MDA-MB-231 cells using microplate transwell assays. miRNA targeting was investigated using luciferase assays, qPCR, and Western blot analysis in cells with overexpression of miRNA mimics...
February 21, 2017: Cancer Medicine
Lakshmi Sripada, Kritarth Singh, Anastasiya V Lipatova, Aru Singh, Paresh Prajapati, Dhanendra Tomar, Khyati Bhatelia, Milton Roy, Rochika Singh, Madan M Godbole, Peter M Chumakov, Rajesh Singh
The modulation of mitochondrial functions is important for maintaining cellular homeostasis. Mitochondria essentially depend on the import of RNAs and proteins encoded by the nuclear genome. MicroRNAs encoded in the nucleus can translocate to mitochondria and target the genome, affecting mitochondrial function. Here, we analyzed the role of miR-4485 in the regulation of mitochondrial functions. We showed that miR-4485 translocated to mitochondria where its levels varied in response to different stress conditions...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
Fangliang Yang, Yuan Li, Lingyun Xu, Yulan Zhu, Haiyan Gao, Lin Zhen, Lin Fang
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to be involved in the initiation and progression of cancers in the literature. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological role of miR-17 in breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of miR-17 was measured in 132 breast cancer tissues and paired adjacent normal tissues by using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The association between miR-17 expression levels and clinicopathological parameters was also analyzed...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
Pasquale Sansone, Marjan Berishaj, Vinagolu K Rajasekhar, Claudio Ceccarelli, Qing Chang, Antonio Strillacci, Claudia Savini, Lauren Shapiro, Robert Bowman, Chiara Mastroleo, Sabrina De Carolis, Laura Daly, Alberto Benito-Martin, Fabiana Perna, Nicola Fabbri, John H Healey, Enzo Spisni, Monica Cricca, David Lyden, Massimiliano Bonafé, Jacqueline Bromberg
The hypothesis that microvesicle (MV)-mediated microRNA transfer converts non-cancer stem cells into cancer stem cells (CSCs) leading to therapy resistance remains poorly investigated. Here we provide direct evidence supporting this hypothesis, by demonstrating how MV derived from cancer associated fibroblasts (CAF) transfer miR-221 to promote hormonal therapy resistance (HTR) in models of luminal breast cancer. We determined that CAF-derived MV horizontally transferred miR221 to tumor cells and, in combination with hormone therapy activated an ERlo/Notchhi feed-forward loop responsible for the generation of CD133hi CSC...
February 15, 2017: Cancer Research
Qiang Wu, Hong Yan, Si-Qi Tao, Xiao-Nan Wang, Lang Mou, Ping Chen, Xing-Wang Cheng, Wen-Yong Wu, Zheng-Sheng Wu
The non-coding 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of genes play an important role in the regulation of microRNA (miRNA) functions, since it can bind and inactivate multiple miRNAs. Herein, we report that ectopic expression of XIAP 3'UTR increased human breast cancer cells proliferation, colony formation, migration, invasion and xenograft tumor growth and suppressed tumor cell death. To investigate this process, we further correlated the genome-wide transcriptional profiling with the gene expression alterations after transfecting XIAP 3'UTR in MCF-7 cells...
February 7, 2017: Oncotarget
Mithu Raychaudhuri, Holger Bronger, Theresa Buchner, Marion Kiechle, Wilko Weichert, Stefanie Avril
PURPOSE: miRNAs have been linked to chemosensitivity of breast cancer cells in vitro. In patients, however, there is no clinically validated method for predicting chemotherapy response. The aim of this study was to assess whether (I) a specific pattern of miRNA expression in pretherapeutic biopsies can predict response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and (II) differential miRNA expression in residual tumor after completion of chemotherapy allows further prognostic stratification of non-responding patients...
February 8, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Zhonghui He, Hong Xu, Yugang Meng, Yan Kuang
microRNA-944 (miR-944) has been reported to be deregulation and play either tumor suppressive or oncogenic function in human malignancies. Previous studies have reported that miR-944 is overexpressed in gynecological malignancies including cervical cancer and breast cancer. While, the clinical significance of miR-944 and its function in human endometrial carcinoma (EC) keep unknown. The levels of miR-944 were analyzed in 68 EC tissues and 20 normal endometrial tissues. Results showed that miR-944 was significantly overexpressed in EC tissues compared to normal endometrial tissues...
February 5, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Hau-Yun Chen, Karunya Albert, Cheng-Che Wen, Pei-Ying Hsieh, Sih-Yu Chen, Nei-Chung Huang, Shen-Chuan Lo, Jen-Kun Chen, Hsin-Yun Hsu
Novel therapeutics is urgently needed to prevent cancer-related deaths. MicroRNAs that act as tumor suppressors have been recognized as a next-generation tumor therapy, and the restoration of tumor-suppressive microRNAs using microRNA replacements or mimics may be a less toxic, more effective strategy due to fewer off-target effects. Here, we designed the novel multifunctional oligonucleotide nanocarrier complex composed of a tumor-targeting aptamer sequence specific to mucin 1 (MUC1), poly-cytosine region for fluorescent silver nanocluster (AgNC) synthesis, and complimentary sequence for microRNA miR-34a loading...
January 30, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Yuan Miao, Wei Zheng, Nana Li, Zhen Su, Lifen Zhao, Huimin Zhou, Li Jia
Multidrug resistance (MDR) correlates with treatment failure and poor prognosis among breast cancer patients. This study was aimed to investigate the possible mechanism by which microRNA-130b-3p (miR-130b) mediates the chemoresistance and proliferation of breast cancer. MiR-130b was found to be up-regulated in tumor tissues versus adjacent tissues of breast cancer, as well as in adriamycin (ADR) resistant breast cancer cell line (MCF-7/ADR) versus its parental line (MCF-7) and the non-malignant breast epithelial cell line (MCF-10A), demonstrating its crucial relevance for breast cancer biology...
February 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
Cuilian Liu, Song Zhang, Qizhi Wang, Xiaobo Zhang
Cancer progression depends on tumor growth and metastasis, which are activated or suppressed by multiple genes. An individual microRNA may target multiple genes, suggesting that a miRNA may suppress tumor growth and metastasis via simultaneously targeting different genes. However, thus far, this issue has not been explored. In the present study, the findings showed that miR-1 could simultaneously inhibit tumor growth and metastasis of gastric and breast cancers by targeting multiple genes. The results indicated that miR-1 was significantly downregulated in cancer tissues compared with normal tissues...
January 31, 2017: Oncotarget
Wei Xia, JueYu Zhou, HaiBo Luo, YunZhou Liu, CanCan Peng, WenLing Zheng, WenLi Ma
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs are a class of small non-coding RNAs that are involved in many important physiological and pathological processes by regulating gene expression negatively. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of miR-32 on cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis and to determine the functional connection between miR-32 and FBXW7 in breast cancer. METHODS: In this study, quantitative RT-PCR was used to evaluate the expression levels of miR-32 in 27 breast cancer tissues, adjacent normal breast tissues and human breast cancer cell lines...
2017: Cancer Cell International
Mona Rady, Carsten Watzl, Maren Claus, Ola Khorshid, Laila Mahran, Khaled Abou-Aisha
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in regulating gene expression and immune responses. Of interest, miR-181a and miR-146a are key players in regulating immune responses and are among the most abundant miRNAs expressed in NK cells. Bioinformatically, we predicted miR-181a to regulate the expression of the natural cytotoxicity receptor NCR2 by seeded interaction with the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). Whereas, miR-146a expression was not significantly different (P = 0.7361), miR-181a expression was, on average 10-fold lower in NK cells from breast cancer patients compared to normal subjects; P < 0...
February 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
Ann Rita Halvorsen, Åslaug Helland, Pavel Gromov, Vera Timmermans Wielenga, Maj-Lis Møller Talman, Nils Brunner, Vandana Sandhu, Anne-Lise Børresen-Dale, Irina Gromova, Vilde D Haakensen
It has been hypothesized based on accumulated data that a class of small noncoding RNAs, termed microRNAs, are key factors in intercellular communication. Here, microRNAs present in interstitial breast tumor fluids have been analyzed to identify relevant markers for a diagnosis of breast cancer and to elucidate the cross-talk that exists among cells in a tumor microenvironment. Matched tumor interstitial fluid samples (TIF, n = 60), normal interstitial fluid samples (NIF, n = 51), corresponding tumor tissue specimens (n = 54), and serum samples (n = 27) were collected from patients with breast cancer, and detectable microRNAs were analyzed and compared...
February 2017: Molecular Oncology
Leandro Castellano, Aleksandra Dabrowska, Loredana Pellegrino, Silvia Ottaviani, Paul Cathcart, Adam E Frampton, Jonathan Krell, Justin Stebbing
MicroRNA 26a (miR-26a) reduces cell viability in several cancers, indicating that miR-26a could be used as a therapeutic option in patients. We demonstrate that miR-26a not only inhibits G1-S cell cycle transition and promotes apoptosis, as previously described, but also regulates multiple cell cycle checkpoints. We show that sustained miR-26a over-expression in both breast cancer (BC) cell lines and mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) induces oversized cells containing either a single-large nucleus or two nuclei, indicating defects in mitosis and cytokinesis...
January 26, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Xuelong Fan, Shangcheng Zhou, Miao Zheng, Xiyun Deng, Yinsha Yi, Tieniu Huang
Chemotherapy resistance is the major obstacle to the effective therapy of cancer. While the mechanism of chemotherapy resistance is still not fully understood. Increasing evidences demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) may have a crucial function in chemotherapy resistance through modulating intracellular pathways. MiR-199a has been shown to be involved in multiple malignancy-related processes, although the precise mechanism is unclear at present. In this study, we found that the expression level of miR-199a-3p was lower in cisplatin (DDP) resistant breast cancer MDA-MB-231/DDP cells compared with parental DDP-sensitive cells...
January 23, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Jun Li, Juan Wei, Zhu Mei, Yongmei Yin, Yongfei Li, Mingjie Lu, Shidai Jin
Recent studies show that many microRNAs (miRNAs) are found to play important roles in breast cancer, however, most of miRNAs are not investigated completely. In the present study, significant down-regulation of miR-520a-3p was found in the breast cancer tissues and cell lines. The restoration of miR-520a-3p expression in breast cancer cells could inhibit cell proliferation, migration and invasion. In addition, miR-520a-3p was able to induce breast cancer cell apoptosis. Luciferase assay was used to confirm that CCND1 and CD44 were the direct target genes of miR-520a-3p...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
Ning An, Xinmei Luo, Ming Zhang, Ruilian Yu
Breast cancer is the most common malignant disease in women, and metastasis formed at distant anatomic sites was the major cause of cancer-related mortality. Thus, a novel therapy target and progression biomarker for breast cancer metastasis was necessary. microRNA (miR)-376b has been demonstrated to regulate angiogenesis; however, its role in cancer metastasis remains elusive. In the present study, the expression of miR-376b in normal breast tissue, JC and 4T1 cells was determined by qPCR. Furthermore, in vitro and in vivo experiments were performed to determine the effect of miR-376b on breast cancer metastasis...
January 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Elvira Donnarumma, Danilo Fiore, Martina Nappa, Giuseppina Roscigno, Assunta Adamo, Margherita Iaboni, Valentina Russo, Alessandra Affinito, Ilaria Puoti, Cristina Quintavalle, Anna Rienzo, Salvatore Piscuoglio, Renato Thomas, Gerolama Condorelli
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the major components of the tumor microenvironment. They may drive tumor progression, although the mechanisms involved are still poorly understood. Exosomes have emerged as important mediators of intercellular communication in cancer. They mediate horizontal transfer of microRNAs (miRs), mRNAs and proteins, thus affecting breast cancer progression. Differential expression profile analysis identified three miRs (miRs -21, -378e, and -143) increased in exosomes from CAFs as compared from normal fibroblasts...
January 19, 2017: Oncotarget
L Zhou, L-C Zhao, N Jiang, X-L Wang, X-N Zhou, X-L Luo, J Ren
OBJECTIVE: SOX2 (Sry-related high-mobility box SOX-2) is a transcription factor, which is essential for maintaining the cancer cell stemness. However, the role of microRNAs targeting  SOX2 in cancer cell stemness remains unclear. We examined the effect of miR-590-5p, which targeted  SOX2, on the breast cancer cell stemness and metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We predicted and screened microRNA targeting SOX2, and further investigated the regulatory role of miR-590-5p on the level of SOX2 with Western blot, luciferase reporting assay and qRT-PCR analysis...
January 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
H-X Wu, G-M Wang, X Lu, L Zhang
OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs (miRs) regulate the proliferation and metastasis of numerous cancer cell types. This study aimed to reveal the role of microRNA-542-3p (miR-542-3p) in breast cancer (BC) cell proliferation and its potential mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MiR-542-3p expression was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1(S1PR1) protein expression was measured by Western blotting. TargetScan was used to predict the downstream target genes of miR-542-3p, which were confirmed by luciferase and RNA immunoprecipitation assays...
January 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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