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Breast cancer cell, microRNA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643865/characterization-and-biological-function-of-milk-derived-mirnas
#1
Regina Golan-Gerstl, Yaffa Elbaum Shiff, Vardit Lavi-Moshayoff, Daniel Schecter Dena Leshkowitz, Shimon Reif
SCOPE: Breastfeeding is associated with reduced risk of infection, immune mediated disorders, obesity and even cancer. Recently it was found that breast milk contains a variety of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the skim and fat layer that can be transferred to infants, and appear to play important roles in those biological functions. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study applied Next Generation Sequencing and quantitative real time PCR analysis to determine the miRNA expression profile of the skim and fat fraction of human, goat, and bovine milk as well as infant formulas...
June 23, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637482/microrna-200c-and-microrna-141-are-regulated-by-a-foxp3-kat2b-axis-and-associated-with-tumor-metastasis-in-breast-cancer
#2
Guangxin Zhang, Wei Zhang, Bingjin Li, Erica Stringer-Reasor, Chengjing Chu, Liyan Sun, Sejong Bae, Dongquan Chen, Shi Wei, Kenneth Jiao, Wei-Hsiung Yang, Ranji Cui, Runhua Liu, Lizhong Wang
BACKGROUND: Members of the microRNA (miR)-200 family, which are involved in tumor metastasis, have potential as cancer biomarkers, but their regulatory mechanisms remain elusive. METHODS: We investigated FOXP3-inducible breast cancer cells, Foxp3 heterozygous Scurfy mutant (Foxp3 (sf/+) ) female mice, and patients with breast cancer for characterization of the formation and regulation of the miR-200 family in breast cancer cells and circulation. Participants (259), including patients with breast cancer or benign breast tumors, members of breast cancer families, and healthy controls, were assessed for tumor and circulating levels of the miR-200 family...
June 21, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629464/mir-629-3p-may-serve-as-a-novel-biomarker-and-potential-therapeutic-target-for-lung-metastases-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#3
Jin Wang, Cailu Song, Hailin Tang, Chao Zhang, Jun Tang, Xing Li, Bo Chen, Xiaoming Xie
BACKGROUND: Different breast cancer subtypes show distinct tropisms for sites of metastasis. Notably, the lung is the most common site for the first distant recurrence in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). The identification of novel biomarkers for lung metastasis is of great importance to improving the outcome of TNBC. In this study, we sought to identify a microRNA (miRNA)-based biomarker and therapeutic target for lung metastasis of TNBC. METHODS: A total of 669 patients without de novo stage IV TNBC were recruited for this study...
June 19, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627677/integrated-analysis-of-the-potential-roles-of-mirna%C3%A2-mrna-networks-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#4
Huiru Zhu, Meiyu Dai, Xiaoli Chen, Xiang Chen, Shini Qin, Shengming Dai
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a type of breast cancer where the tumor cells are negative for the estrogen, progesterone and human epidermal growth factor 2 receptors. To date, expression profiling of microRNA (miRNA/miR) and mRNA sequences have been widely applied for the diagnosis of TNBC. In the present study, an integrated analysis of miRNA‑mRNA profiling arrays was performed. A total of five dysregulated miRNAs in patients with TNBC were identified, including upregulated miR‑558 expression and downregulated miR‑320d‑1, miR‑548v, miR‑99a and miR‑21 expression...
June 9, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627503/three-layered-polyplex-as-a-microrna-targeted-delivery-system-for-breast-cancer-gene-therapy
#5
Yan Li, Yu Dai, Xiaojin Zhang, Jihua Chen
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs, play an important role in modulating cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation. Since miRNAs can regulate multiple cancer-related genes simultaneously, regulating miRNAs could target a set of related oncogenic genes or pathways. Owing to their reduced immune response and low toxicity, miRNAs with small size and low molecular weight have become increasingly promising therapeutic drugs in cancer therapy. However, one of the major challenges of miRNAs-based cancer therapy is to achieve specific, effective, and safe delivery of therapeutic miRNAs into cancer cells...
June 19, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622695/mir-23a-promotes-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-emt-and-tumor-metastasis-in-breast-cancer-cells-by-directly-targeting-cdh1-and-activating-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#6
Fei Ma, Wenjie Li, Chunxiao Liu, Wei Li, Haining Yu, Bo Lei, Yanlv Ren, Zhigao Li, Da Pang, Cheng Qian
TGF-β1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been proved to be associated with metastasis of breast cancer cells. We attempted to detect a novel mechanism that microRNAs mediated the TGF-β1-induced EMT in the process of breast cancer metastasis. Here we reported that the expression of miR-23a was higher in breast cancer cells with high metastasis ability and patients with lymph node metastasis and the treatment of TGF-β1 significantly upregulated the expression of miR-23a in breast cancer cells...
June 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611183/the-lncrna-h19-mediates-breast-cancer-cell-plasticity-during-emt-and-met-plasticity-by-differentially-sponging-mir-200b-c-and-let-7b
#7
Wu Zhou, Xiao-Lei Ye, Jun Xu, Ming-Guo Cao, Zheng-Yu Fang, Ling-Yun Li, Guang-Hui Guan, Qiong Liu, Yue-Hui Qian, Dong Xie
Metastasis is a multistep process by which tumor cells disseminate from their primary site and form secondary tumors at a distant site. The pathophysiological course of metastasis is mediated by the dynamic plasticity of cancer cells, which enables them to shift between epithelial and mesenchymal phenotypes through a transcriptionally regulated program termed epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its reverse process, mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET). Using a mouse model of spontaneous metastatic breast cancer, we investigated the molecular mediators of metastatic competence within a heterogeneous primary tumor and how these cells then manipulated their epithelial-mesenchymal plasticity during the metastatic process...
June 13, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606130/angptl1-attenuates-colorectal-cancer-metastasis-by-up-regulating-microrna-138
#8
Haiyan Chen, Qian Xiao, Yeting Hu, Liubo Chen, Kai Jiang, Yang Tang, Yinuo Tan, Wangxiong Hu, Zhanhuai Wang, Jinjie He, Yue Liu, Yibo Cai, Qi Yang, Kefeng Ding
BACKGROUND: Angiopoietin-like protein 1 (ANGPTL1) has been reported to suppress migration and invasion in lung and breast cancer, acting as a novel tumor suppressor candidate. Nevertheless, its effects on colorectal cancer (CRC) remain poorly defined. In this study, we aim to demonstrate the biological function of ANGPTL1 in CRC cells. METHODS: We explored ANGPTL1 mRNA expression in human CRC tissues and its association with prognosis. CRC cell lines overexpressing ANGPTL1 or with ANGPTL1 knocked down were constructed and analyzed for changes in proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604753/let-7b-and-let-7c-micrornas-promote-histone-h2b-ubiquitylation-and-inhibit-cell-migration-by-targeting-multiple-components-of-the-h2b-deubiquitylation-machinery
#9
A Spolverini, G Fuchs, D R Bublik, M Oren
Monoubiquitylation of histone H2B (H2Bub1) is catalyzed mainly by the RNF20/RNF40 complex and erased by multiple deubiquitylating enzymes (DUBs). H2Bub1 influences many aspects of chromatin function, including transcription regulation and DNA repair. Cancer cells often display reduced levels of H2Bub1, and this reduction may contribute to cancer progression. The let-7 family of microRNAs (miRNAs) comprises multiple members with reported tumor-suppressive features, whose expression is frequently downregulated in cancer...
June 12, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602756/antrodia-cinnamomea-sensitizes-radio-chemo-therapy-of-cancer-stem-like-cells-by-modulating-microrna-expression
#10
Yu-Kai Su, Ping-Hsiao Shih, Wei-Hwa Lee, Oluwaseun Adebayo Bamodu, Alexander T H Wu, Chun-Chih Huang, Yew-Min Tzeng, Michael Hsiao, Chi-Tai Yeh, Chien-Min Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The discovery of many tissue-specific cancer stem cells (CSCs) continues to attract scientific attention. These CSCs are considered to be associated with chemo- and radio-resistance, and consequently, failure of conventional anticancer therapies. The recent demonstration of several microRNAs as enhancers of tumorigenicity via modulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and cancer stemness, makes them putative novel therapeutic target in oncology. Antrodia cinnamomea is a Chinese traditional medicine with several biological functions including anti-inflammation, antioxidant, and cancer prevention...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599484/anticancer-effect-of-curcumin-inhibits-cell-growth-through-mir-21-pten-akt-pathway-in-breast-cancer-cell
#11
Xinzheng Wang, Yakai Hang, Jinbiao Liu, Yongqiang Hou, Ning Wang, Mingjun Wang
Curcumin is a polyphenol extracted from turmeric, which that belongs to the Zingiberaceae family. Curcumin has numerous effects, including anti-inflammatory, antitumor, anti-oxidative and antimicrobial effects. However, the effects of curcumin on human breast cancer cells remain largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anticancer effects and the mechanisms by which curcumin affects breast cancer cells. The anticancer effect of curcumin on cell viability and cytotoxicity on human breast cancer MCF-7 cells was analyzed using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide and lactate dehydrogenase assays, respectively...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599480/downregulation-of-eif4g-by-microrna-503-enhances-drug-sensitivity-of-mcf-7-adr-cells-through-suppressing-the-expression-of-abc-transport-proteins
#12
Xia Pan, Xiaoyan Yang, Jinglei Zang, Si Zhang, Nan Huang, Xinxin Guan, Jianhua Zhang, Zhihui Wang, Xi Li, Xiaoyong Lei
Overexpression of adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette (ABC) transport protein is emerging as a critical contributor to anticancer drug resistance. The eukaryotic translation initiation factor (eIF) 4F complex, the key modulator of mRNA translation, is regulated by the phosphoinositide 3-kinase-AKT-mammalian target of rapamycin pathway in anticancer drug-resistant tumors. The present study demonstrated the roles of ABC translation protein alterations in the acquisition of the Adriamycin (ADM)-resistant phenotype of MCF-7 human breast cells...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599471/mir-200b-inhibits-cd133-glioma-cells-by-targeting-the-akt-pathway
#13
Aiqun Liu, Qingyun Yu, Zhongxing Peng, Yeqing Huang, Shengpeng Diao, Jing Cheng, Wentao Wang, Mingfan Hong
MicroRNA-200b (miR-200b) is a tumor suppressor in multiple tumor types, including gastric cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer and glioma. The biological significance of a known normal and cancer stem cell marker, CD133, remains elusive. The aim of the present study was to identify the function and mechinism of miR-200b in suppressing CD133(+) glioma cells. CD133(+) glioma cells were sorted by flow cytometry. The expression of miR-200b, Ki67, GAP43, GFAP and CD133 were tested by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599307/morin-promotes-prostate-cancer-cells-chemosensitivity-to-paclitaxel-through-mir-155-gata3-axis
#14
Bin Li, Xunbo Jin, Huilin Meng, Bo Hu, Tao Zhang, Jiang Yu, Shaoan Chen, Xudong Guo, Weiguo Wang, Wei Jiang, Jin Wang
Paclitaxel is a first-line microtubule-stabilizing drug in treating prostate cancer. However, most patients develop resistance and experience relapse. Morin (3,5,7,20,40-pentahydroxyflavone) is an anti-tumor flavonoid in a numerous types of cancer cells including breast, ovarian and lung cancers. We therefore researched the effects of morin as an adjuvant to paclitaxel in in treating DU145 and PC-3 cells in vitro and DU145 derived prostate cancers in nude mice models. The chemosensitivities of these cells to the treatments of morin and paclitaxel were tested through viability assays utilizing cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) and apoptosis assays through flow cytometry analyses...
May 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598255/the-regulatory-role-of-mirnas-on-vdr-in-breast-cancer
#15
Tatyana Singh, Brian D Adams
Triple negative breast cancer has been associated with the lack of three hormone receptors; estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2). However, a host of other steroid hormone receptors such as vitamin D receptor (VDR) are present in triple negative breast cancers, and the role of these hormone receptors in breast tumorigenesis is unclear. The levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) are also expressed differently than in normal mammary epithelial cells. miRNAs are regulatory RNAs involved in various cellular functions, mainly gene silencing...
June 9, 2017: Transcription
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593908/circulating-cell-free-micrornas-as-clinical-cancer-biomarkers
#16
REVIEW
Virginie Armand-Labit, Anne Pradines
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding small RNAs that are master regulators of genic expression and consequently of many cellular processes. But their expression is often deregulated in human tumors leading to cancer development. Recently miRNAs were discovered in body fluids (serum, plasma and others) and their levels have often been reported to be altered in patients. Circulating miRNAs became one of the most promising biomarkers in oncology for early diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic response prediction. Here we describe the origins and roles of miRNAs, and summarize the most recent studies focusing on their usefulness as cancer biomarkers in lung, breast, colon, prostate, ovary cancers and melanoma...
April 27, 2017: Biomolecular Concepts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590924/analysis-of-mirna-expression-profile-induced-by-short-term-starvation-in-breast-cancer-cells-treated-with-doxorubicin
#17
Sergio Rizzo, Antonina Cangemi, Antonio Galvano, Daniele Fanale, Silvio Buscemi, Marcello Ciaccio, Antonio Russo, Sergio Castorina, Viviana Bazan
Recent studies showed that dietary approaches restricting food intake can be helpful to hinder tumor progression. To date, the molecular mechanisms are unclear and a key role seems to be exerted by nutrient-related signaling pathways. Since several evidences showed that non-coding small RNAs, including microRNAs, are correlated to cancer progression and antiblastic treatment response, our work aims to study their involvement in a triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell line treated with doxorubicin under Short Term Starvation (STS) condition...
May 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588724/upregulation-of-microrna-143-reverses-drug-resistance-in-human-breast-cancer-cells-via-inhibition-of-cytokine-induced-apoptosis-inhibitor-1
#18
Jing-Hao Wang, Xiu-Wen Wang, Di Qu, Ji-Wen Sun, Fei-Xiao Guo, Dan Lu
Cytokine-induced apoptosis inhibitor 1 (CIAPIN1), originally termed anamorsin, is an anti-apoptotic molecule that acts as a downstream effector of the receptor tyrosine kinase-Ras signaling pathway. Overexpression of CIAPIN1 contributes to multidrug resistance (MDR) and microRNA (miR)-143 is typically considered a tumor suppressor in breast cancer. The present study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic potential of miR-143 as a treatment for drug-resistant breast cancer via the downregulation of CIAPIN1 in vitro...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588711/overexpression-of-microrna-96-5p-inhibits-autophagy-and-apoptosis-and-enhances-the-proliferation-migration-and-invasiveness-of-human-breast-cancer-cells
#19
Yawei Shi, Yang Zhao, Nan Shao, Runyi Ye, Yin Lin, Ning Zhang, Wen Li, Yunjian Zhang, Shenming Wang
MicroRNAs (miRNA/miR) are short non-coding RNAs that function in the endogenous regulation of genes. miRNAs serve important roles in cellular events such as apoptosis, cell proliferation, migration, invasion, autophagy and the cell cycle. They also control the genesis and progression of tumors. Autophagy is a self-digestive process that occurs as a response to stress, and serves two opposite roles in tumor promotion or inhibition that may result in resistance to therapy. A number of studies have revealed that miRNAs control autophagic activity by targeting autophagy-associated genes, particularly in cancer...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576513/mirna-expression-profile-in-multicellular-breast-cancer-spheroids
#20
Edna Ayerim Mandujano-Tinoco, Alfredo García-Venzor, Laura Muñoz-Galindo, Floria Lizarraga-Sanchez, Andrei Favela-Orozco, Edwin Chávez-Gutiérrez, Edgar Krötzsch, Rosa M Salgado, Jorge Melendez-Zajgla, Vilma Maldonado
Multicellular Tumor Spheroids develop a heterogeneous micromilieu and different cell populations, thereby constituting a cancer model with intermediate characteristics between in vitro bi-dimensional cultures and in vivo tumors. Multicellular Tumor Spheroids also acquire tumor aggressiveness features due to transcription modulation of coding and non-coding RNA. Utilizing microarray analyses, we evaluated the microRNAs expression profile in MCF-7 breast cancer cells cultured as Multicellular Tumor Spheroids...
May 30, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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